CN211434413U - Edible vinegar enema device applied to hepatic encephalopathy patients - Google Patents

Edible vinegar enema device applied to hepatic encephalopathy patients Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211434413U
CN211434413U CN201721171510.0U CN201721171510U CN211434413U CN 211434413 U CN211434413 U CN 211434413U CN 201721171510 U CN201721171510 U CN 201721171510U CN 211434413 U CN211434413 U CN 211434413U
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enema
vinegar
anal
anal tube
patients
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CN201721171510.0U
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纪璐
王晓燕
徐阳
赵娜
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First Hospital of China Medical University
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First Hospital of China Medical University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a vinegar enema device applied to patients with hepatic encephalopathy, which comprises an enema bag, a catheter, a Murphy dropper, a regulator and an anal tube; wherein, a liquid outlet of the enema bag is connected with the tail end of the anal tube after being connected with a Murphy dropper and a regulator in series through a conduit; the outer side of the head end of the anal tube is provided with a pH sensor, a signal wire of the pH sensor is embedded into the anal tube and the catheter and is led out to be connected with a processor, and the processor is provided with a pH value display. The vinegar enema device of the utility model has the advantages of easy control of the perfusion speed, thin diameter of the anal canal, easy insertion, small stimulation to the intestinal mucosa and easy tolerance of patients; in addition, the flow of the two solutions can be adjusted according to the pH value of the solution in the body detected by the pH sensor, so that the treatment effect of the vinegar retention enema is effectively improved.

Description

Edible vinegar enema device applied to hepatic encephalopathy patients
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an enema device especially relates to a be applied to hepatic encephalopathy patient's vinegar enema device, belongs to the enema device field.
Background
The clinical hepatic encephalopathy patients usually need to use vinegar for clysis, and the vinegar contains acetic acid, lactic acid and organic acid, so that on one hand, intestinal peristalsis is stimulated, and nitrogen-containing substances in the intestines are removed; on the other hand, the pH value of the intestinal tract is kept in a weak acid environment below 5-6, so that blood ammonia can escape from the intestinal cavity and be discharged along with excrement, and the blood ammonia is reduced. The vinegar enema adopts a retention enema mode, but the dosage, concentration and enema method of vinegar enema liquid are lack of unified standards.
The traditional enema device adopts a disposable enema bag, the perfusion speed of the enema bag is not easy to control, the anal canal is thick and short, the insertion is shallow, the irritation to the intestinal mucosa is large, and the enema bag is not suitable for patients to tolerate. In addition, the traditional enema device has thick pipelines, the inflow speed is too fast and is not suitable to be controlled, the acidity of the infused liquid can not be adjusted, and the treatment effect is seriously influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a be applied to hepatic encephalopathy patient's vinegar enema device to the speed of filling that solves current enema device existence should not be controlled, and the anal canal is thick short, inserts shallowly, and is amazing big to the intestinal mucosa, makes the patient should not tolerate and the pipeline is thick, and the inflow speed is too fast should not be controlled, and the liquid acidity of filling can not be adjusted, influences treatment.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses the technical scheme who takes includes:
a vinegar enema device applied to patients with hepatic encephalopathy comprises an enema bag, a catheter, a Murphy dropper, a regulator and an anal tube, wherein a liquid outlet of the enema bag is connected with the tail end of the anal tube through the catheter after being connected with the Murphy dropper and the regulator in series.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the inner diameter of the conduit is 3-4mm, and the length is 800-900 mm; the external diameter of the anal tube is 4.5-5.5mm, and the length is 300-400 mm; preferably, the catheter or the anal tube is made of plastic.
As another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the enema bag comprises a first enema bag and a second enema bag, the outlets of the first enema bag and the second enema bag are respectively connected in series with a regulator through a conduit and then merged into a conduit, and are connected in series with a Murphy dropper and then connected with the tail end of the anal canal; the outer side of the head end of the anal tube is provided with a pH sensor, a signal wire of the pH sensor is embedded into the anal tube and the catheter and led out, and is connected with a processor, and the processor is provided with a pH value display.
As another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the surface of the anal canal is provided with length scales.
The utility model discloses be applied to hepatic encephalopathy patient's vinegar enema device's main advantage includes: the perfusion speed is easy to control, the diameter of the anal canal is thin, the anal canal is easy to insert, the irritation to intestinal mucosa is small, and the patient can tolerate the anal canal easily; the flow of the two solutions can be adjusted according to the pH value of the solution in the body detected by the pH sensor, and the treatment effect of the vinegar retention enema is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the second embodiment of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: 1. enema bags 2, catheters 3, Murphy dropper 4, regulator 5, anal tube 6, pH sensor 7, length scale 8, processor 9, signal line 11, first enema bag 12, second enema bag 13 and liquid outlet of the enema bag.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1, the utility model relates to a be applied to first embodiment of liver encephalopathy patient's edible vinegar enema device, including enema bag 1, pipe 2, Murphy's dropper 3, regulator 4 and anal canal 5, liquid outlet 13 of enema bag 1 establishes ties in proper order through pipe 2 and is connected with the trailing end of anal canal 5 behind Murphy's dropper 3 and the regulator 4.
The inner diameter of the conduit 2 is 3-4mm, and the length is 800-900 mm; the external diameter of the anal tube 5 is 4.5-5.5mm, the wall thickness is 0.5-1mm, and the length is 300-400 mm.
The surface of the anal tube 5 is provided with length scales 7. The head end of the anal tube 5 is in a smooth bullet shape, so that the anal tube is easier to insert into an anus, and the pain of a patient is reduced.
The use method of the first embodiment described above: the head end of the anal canal 5 is lubricated with paraffin oil. The regulator 4 of the enema bag 1 is closed, vinegar with proper concentration (according to the state of illness of a clinical patient) is filled into the enema bag 1, the regulator 4 is opened, the air is exhausted as much as possible, the enema bag is closed, the patient is in a lateral lying position, the hip is close to the bed edge and is lifted by 10cm, the anal tube 5 is slowly inserted into the anus, the length of the anal tube is about 20-30cm, the regulator 4 is opened, and the dropping speed is regulated according to the state of illness of the patient. After the enema bag is filled, the anal tube 5 is pulled out, the anus is wiped by gauze, and the enema bag 1 is discarded.
Referring to fig. 2, the utility model discloses a be applied to second embodiment of liver encephalopathy patient's vinegar enema device, including first enema bag 11 and second enema bag 12, liquid outlet 13 between them merges into a pipe 2 after establishing ties a regulator 4 through a pipe 2 respectively to end connection with anal canal 5 behind establishing ties a maofei dropper 3. A pH sensor 6 is arranged outside the head end of the anal tube 5 (embedded into the surface of the anal tube 5), a signal wire 9 of the pH sensor is embedded into the anal tube 5 and the catheter 2 and led out, and is connected with a processor 8, and a pH value display is arranged on the processor 8.
The use method of the second embodiment described above: the head end of the anal canal 5 is lubricated with paraffin oil. The regulators 4 of the two enema bags 11 and 12 are closed, vinegar with proper concentration (pH value is slightly less than actual requirement according to the disease condition of a clinical patient) is filled into the first enema bag 11, and normal saline or distilled water is filled into the second enema bag 12. Then the two regulators 4 are opened, the patient is ventilated as much as possible and then closed, the patient is allowed to take the lateral position, the hip part is close to the bed edge and is lifted by 10cm, the anal canal 5 is slowly inserted into the anus and is about 20-30cm long, the two regulators 4 are opened, the dropping speed is regulated according to the illness state of the patient, the processor 8 is started, the two regulators 4 are regulated according to the displayed pH value, and the pH value is regulated within the required range. After the enema is filled, the anal tube 5 is pulled out, the anus is wiped by gauze, and the enema bag is discarded.
The enema bag, the catheter and the anal tube of the utility model are made of plastic (such as PVC). The regulator 4 adopts a regulator for transfusion to control the filling speed. The Murphy dropper 3 is used for observing the dropping speed and controlling the speed.

Claims (7)

1. An edible vinegar enema device applied to patients with hepatic encephalopathy is characterized by comprising an enema bag, a catheter, a Murphy dropper, a regulator and an anal tube; wherein, a liquid outlet of the enema bag is connected with the tail end of the anal tube after being connected with a Murphy dropper and a regulator in series through a conduit; the enema bag comprises a first enema bag and a second enema bag, liquid outlets of the first enema bag and the second enema bag are respectively connected with a regulator in series through a conduit and then are merged into a conduit and connected with a Murphy dropper in series and then are connected with the tail end of the anal tube; a pH sensor is arranged outside the head end of the anal tube, and a signal wire of the pH sensor is embedded into the anal tube and the catheter and is led out to be connected with a processor.
2. A vinegar enema device applied to patients with hepatic encephalopathy according to claim 1, wherein a pH display is provided on the processor.
3. An edible vinegar enema device applied to patients with hepatic encephalopathy according to claim 1, wherein the inner diameter of the tube is 3-4mm and the length is 800-900 mm.
4. An edible vinegar enema device applied to patients with hepatic encephalopathy of claim 1, wherein the anal tube has an outer diameter of 4.5-5.5mm and a length of 300-400 mm.
5. A vinegar enema device according to claim 1 or 3, wherein the tube is made of plastic.
6. A vinegar enema device according to claim 1 or 4, which is applied to patients with hepatic encephalopathy, wherein the anal canal is made of plastic.
7. The vinegar enema device of claim 1, wherein the surface of the anal canal is provided with length scales.
CN201721171510.0U 2017-09-13 2017-09-13 Edible vinegar enema device applied to hepatic encephalopathy patients Active CN211434413U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721171510.0U CN211434413U (en) 2017-09-13 2017-09-13 Edible vinegar enema device applied to hepatic encephalopathy patients

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721171510.0U CN211434413U (en) 2017-09-13 2017-09-13 Edible vinegar enema device applied to hepatic encephalopathy patients

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211434413U true CN211434413U (en) 2020-09-08

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CN201721171510.0U Active CN211434413U (en) 2017-09-13 2017-09-13 Edible vinegar enema device applied to hepatic encephalopathy patients

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CN (1) CN211434413U (en)

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