CN211064215U - Straw pulverizer - Google Patents

Straw pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211064215U
CN211064215U CN201921527007.3U CN201921527007U CN211064215U CN 211064215 U CN211064215 U CN 211064215U CN 201921527007 U CN201921527007 U CN 201921527007U CN 211064215 U CN211064215 U CN 211064215U
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China
Prior art keywords
shaped body
plate
disc
carousel
crushing
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CN201921527007.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
炸达·居麻汉
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Zha DaJumahan
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Zha DaJumahan
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Priority to CN201921527007.3U priority Critical patent/CN211064215U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to a straw pulverizer, including frame (6) and drive mechanism, be equipped with first rubbing crusher on frame (6), second rubbing crusher constructs and conveyor, first rubbing crusher constructs for the stubble breaking device, contain drum shaft (21) and stubble breaking sword (22) at least, later be equipped with and connect silo (31) and discharge gate B (33), second rubbing crusher constructs and contains casing (11), smash assembly and screen cloth (14), it contains drive shaft (131) and carousel (132) to smash the assembly, be equipped with feed inlet A (10) and discharge gate A (12) on casing (11), feed inlet A (10) and the discharge gate B (33) that connect silo (31) are linked together, carousel (132) simultaneously are equipped with blade (133) and hammer leaf (134) in the face of feed inlet A (10), the outer fringe a week of carousel (132) is located in screen cloth (14). Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a smash the problem of not thorough, inhomogeneous and easy jam, and smash effectually, can improve work efficiency greatly.

Description

Straw pulverizer
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the field of agricultural machinery, concretely relates to straw rubbing crusher.
Background
The straw of crop etc. is the main source of livestock feed, and a large amount of straw need smash, but does not have at present a tangible effectual rubbing crusher can smash the straw is efficient, all cuts the straw through the manual work usually, and not only inefficiency but also great having consumed unnecessary manpower resources, so need one kind now can be efficient carry out kibbling machinery to crops such as straw.
Patent CN101049579 provides a special crusher for straw which can crush straw without any pretreatment, and has simple structure and low processing cost. But the method does not meet the ideal use requirement, and has the problems of incomplete and uneven crushing, easy blockage in the crushing process, poor crushing effect, low working efficiency and the like.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that a straw pulverizer is provided, which can crush thoroughly, is not easy to block and can greatly improve the working efficiency.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions: comprises a frame (6) and a transmission mechanism, a first crushing mechanism and a conveying device are arranged on the frame (6), the first crushing mechanism is a stubble crushing device, the stubble crushing device at least comprises a roller shaft (21) and stubble crushing knives (22) densely distributed on the roller shaft (21), the conveying device is arranged behind the stubble crushing device, the conveying device comprises a transverse material receiving groove (31), the material receiving groove (31) is open forward, a backward discharge hole B (33) is arranged at the lower part behind the material receiving groove (31), a pushing mechanism (32) is arranged in the material receiving groove (31), the pushing mechanism (32) is one of a conveying belt or a conveying auger, preferably a conveying auger, the material in the material receiving groove (31) can be concentrated to the discharge hole B (33), a second crushing mechanism is arranged behind the pushing mechanism (32), the second crushing mechanism comprises a shell (11), a crushing assembly and a screen (14) are arranged in the shell (11), smash assembly contains drive shaft (131) and carousel (132), and carousel (132) are the disc-shaped body that radially sets up on drive shaft (131), and the both sides of disc-shaped body are all radial to be equipped with a plurality of blades (133) that stand vertically on the disc-shaped body, and the disc-shaped body is equipped with feed inlet A (10) on casing (11) that the one side is right forward, is equipped with discharge gate A (12) on casing (11) that the radial edge of disc-shaped body is right, feed inlet A (10) and discharge gate B (33) that connect silo (31) be linked together carousel (132) be equipped with hammer leaf (134) on carousel (132) between blade (133) facing feed inlet A (10) one side, this hammer leaf (134) are through round pin hub connection on carousel (132), are equipped with annular screen cloth (14) in the outer fringe a week of carousel (132).
Furthermore, at least two hammer sheets (134), preferably 3-6 hammer sheets, are arranged on the pin shaft in parallel.
Furthermore, the stubble blade (22) is composed of a straight blade and a horizontal blade, one end of the straight blade is connected with the roller shaft (21), and the other end of the straight blade is connected with the middle part or one end part of the horizontal blade to form a T-shaped, Y-shaped or inverted L-shaped body.
Still further, be equipped with scraper blade (15) on carousel (132), scraper blade (15) one end is the connecting portion of being connected with carousel (132), and the other end is 1-2 free ends that transversely set up on the connecting portion, and this free end and connecting portion constitution are the subassembly of "L" shape or "F" shape, and the free end transversely stretch into at least one side in the outside or the inboard of screen cloth (14), the jam phenomenon can appear when the kibbling straw passes through screen cloth (14), can effectively clear away the impurity that blocks up on screen cloth (14) through scraper blade (19) of screen cloth (14) department, improves the efficiency of carrying the straw crushed aggregates.
Still further, the blade (133) is a plate-shaped body, one side of the plate-shaped body is connected with one end face of the rotating disc (132), the other side of the plate-shaped body is a free end, and a cutting edge is arranged on the free end of the plate-shaped body. The cutting edges on the blades (133) can cut the straws in the rotating process, and the straws are further crushed, so that the straws are crushed more thoroughly and uniformly.
Still further, the screen (14) is movably connected with the side wall of the inner cavity of the shell (11). The screen (14) and the inner side wall of the shell (11) can be connected through threads, buckles or the like. The requirements for straw smashing are different, and the screen (14) with the filtering holes (141) with different diameters can be replaced to realize fine smashing of the straw.
Furthermore, a depth wheel (4) is arranged behind the shell (11), and the depth wheel (4) moves up and down relative to the shell (11). The depth wheel (4) is provided with a connecting shaft, one end of the connecting shaft is hinged to the rack (6), the other end of the connecting shaft is movably connected with the depth wheel (4), and the depth wheel (4) can be adjusted up and down relative to the shell (11).
Or a telescopic oil cylinder is arranged between the depth wheel (4) and the rack (6), one end of the telescopic oil cylinder is connected with the rack (6), the other end of the telescopic oil cylinder is connected with the connecting shaft, and the depth wheel (4) is driven to move up and down relative to the shell (11).
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a smash problem that not thorough, inhomogeneous and easy jam, it is effectual to smash, can improve work efficiency greatly
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front view of embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic top view of the structure of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of section a-a of fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a section B-B of fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a schematic front view of embodiment 2 of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic front view of embodiment 3 of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic front view of embodiment 4 of the present invention.
Reference numerals: 10 is a feed inlet A, 11 is a shell, 12 is a discharge outlet A, 131 is a driving shaft, 132 is a rotary table, 133 is a blade, 134 is a hammer, 14 is a screen, 15 is a scraper, 21 is a drum shaft, 22 is a stubble breaking cutter, 31 is a material receiving groove, 32 is a pushing mechanism conveyor, 33 is a discharge outlet B, 4 is a depth limiting wheel, 5 is a travelling wheel, and 6 is a frame.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail below.
Example 1: referring to fig. 1-4, a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 1 of the present invention includes a frame 6, a transmission mechanism, a first crushing mechanism and a conveying device are disposed on the frame 6, the first crushing mechanism is a stubble crushing device, the stubble crushing device at least includes a roller 21 and stubble crushing blades 22 densely disposed on the roller 21, a conveying device is disposed behind the stubble crushing device, the conveying device includes a horizontal receiving slot 31, the receiving slot 31 is open forward, a backward discharge port B33 is disposed at a lower rear portion of the receiving slot 31, a pushing mechanism 32 is disposed in the receiving slot 31, the pushing mechanism 32 is one of a conveyor belt or a conveyor auger, the embodiment is preferably a conveyor auger, the material in the receiving slot 31 can be concentrated to the discharge port B33, a second crushing mechanism is disposed behind the pushing mechanism 32, the second crushing mechanism includes a housing 11, the shell 11 is internally provided with a crushing assembly and a screen 14, the crushing assembly comprises a driving shaft 131 and a rotary disc 132, the rotary disc 132 is a disc-shaped body radially arranged on the driving shaft 131, a plurality of blades 133 vertically standing on the disc-shaped body are radially arranged on both sides of the disc-shaped body, a feed port A10 is arranged on the shell 11 opposite to the front side of the disc-shaped body, a discharge port A12 is arranged on the shell 11 opposite to the radial edge of the disc-shaped body, the feed inlet A10 is communicated with the discharge outlet B33 of the material receiving groove 31 through a connecting channel, a hammer 134 is provided on the rotary disc 132 between the vanes 133 on the side of the rotary disc 132 facing the feed port a10, the hammer 134 is connected to the rotary disc 132 by a pin, at least two hammer 134, preferably 3-6 hammer, 4 hammer in this embodiment are arranged on the pin, and an annular screen 14 is arranged around the outer edge of the rotary disc 132.
The stubble blade 22 consists of a straight blade and a horizontal blade, one end of the straight blade is connected with the roller shaft 21, and the other end of the straight blade is connected with the middle part or one end part of the horizontal blade to form a T-shaped, Y-shaped or inverted L-shaped body, preferably the Y-shaped body in the embodiment.
In this embodiment, the blade 133 is a plate-shaped body, one side of the plate-shaped body is connected to one end surface of the rotating disc 132, the other side of the plate-shaped body is a free end, and a cutting edge is disposed on the free end of the plate-shaped body. The cutting edges on the blades 133 can cut the straws in the rotating process, so that the straws are further crushed, and the straws are crushed more thoroughly and uniformly.
The rear of the shell 11 is provided with a depth wheel 4, and the depth wheel 4 moves up and down relative to the shell 11. The depth wheel 4 is provided with a connecting shaft, one end of the connecting shaft is hinged to the frame 6, the other end of the connecting shaft is movably connected with the depth wheel 4, and the depth wheel 4 can be adjusted up and down relative to the shell 11.
A telescopic oil cylinder can be further arranged between the depth wheel 4 and the rack 6, one end of the telescopic oil cylinder is connected with the rack 6, the other end of the telescopic oil cylinder is connected with the connecting shaft, and the depth wheel 4 is driven to move up and down relative to the shell 11.
Example 2: referring to fig. 5, which is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 2 of the present invention, compared with embodiment 1, this embodiment is different in that: the screen 14 is movably connected with the side wall of the inner cavity of the shell 11. The screen 14 may be connected to the inner side wall of the housing 11 by a screw or a snap. The requirements for straw crushing are different, and the screen 14 with the filtering holes 141 with different diameters can be replaced to realize fine crushing of the straw.
Meanwhile, the rotary disc 132 is provided with the scraper 15, one end of the scraper 15 is a connecting part connected with the rotary disc 132, the other end of the scraper 15 is 1 free end transversely arranged on the connecting part, the free end and the connecting part form an L-shaped or F-shaped assembly, and the free end transversely extends into at least one side of the outer side or the inner side of the screen 14. when the crushed straws pass through the screen 14, the blockage phenomenon can occur, the impurities blocked on the screen 14 can be effectively removed through the scraper 19 at the screen 14, and the efficiency of conveying crushed straws is improved.
Example 3: referring to fig. 6, which is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 3 of the present invention, compared with the previous embodiments, the present embodiment is different in that: the free end of the scraper 15 projects laterally into the inside of the screen 14.
Example 4: referring to fig. 7, which is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 4 of the present invention, compared with the previous embodiments, the present embodiment is different in that: the scraper 15 is an "F" shaped assembly of a connecting portion connected to the turntable 132 and two laterally disposed free ends that extend laterally into the screen 14 on both the inside and outside sides.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that the above preferred embodiment should not be considered as limiting the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the scope defined by the claims. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and adaptations can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a straw rubbing crusher, includes frame (6) and drive mechanism, its characterized in that: the machine frame (6) is provided with a first crushing mechanism and a conveying device, the first crushing mechanism is a stubble crushing device, the stubble crushing device at least comprises a roller shaft (21) and stubble crushing knives (22) densely distributed on the roller shaft (21), the conveying device is arranged behind the stubble crushing device and comprises a transverse material receiving groove (31), the material receiving groove (31) is open forwards, the rear lower part of the material receiving groove (31) is provided with a backward discharge hole B (33), a pushing mechanism (32) is arranged in the material receiving groove (31), the pushing mechanism (32) is one of a conveying belt or a conveying auger and can concentrate materials in the material receiving groove (31) to the discharge hole B (33), a second crushing mechanism is arranged behind the pushing mechanism (32) and comprises a shell (11), a crushing assembly and a screen (14) are arranged in the shell (11), the crushing assembly comprises a driving shaft (131) and a rotating disc (132), carousel (132) are the disc-shaped body that radially sets up on drive shaft (131), and the both sides of disc-shaped body are all radial to be equipped with a plurality of blades (133) of standing upright on the disc-shaped body, and the disc-shaped body is equipped with feed inlet A (10) on casing (11) that the one side is right forward, is equipped with discharge gate A (12) on casing (11) that the radial edge of disc-shaped body is right, feed inlet A (10) and discharge gate B (33) that connect silo (31) be linked together carousel (132) be equipped with hammer leaf (134) on carousel (132) between blade (133) that face feed inlet A (10) one side, this hammer leaf (134) are through round pin hub connection on carousel (132), are equipped with annular screen cloth (14) in the outer fringe a week of carousel (132).
2. The straw pulverizer of claim 1, wherein: at least two hammer sheets (134) are arranged on the pin shaft in parallel.
3. The straw pulverizer as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the stubble chopping knife (22) is composed of a straight knife and a horizontal knife, one end of the straight knife is connected with the roller shaft (21), and the other end is connected with the middle part or one end part of the horizontal knife to form a T-shaped, Y-shaped or inverted L-shaped body.
4. The straw pulverizer as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the rotary disk (132) is provided with a scraper (15), one end of the scraper (15) is a connecting part connected with the rotary disk (132), the other end is 1-2 free ends transversely arranged on the connecting part, the free ends and the connecting part form an assembly in the shape of L or F, and the free ends transversely extend into at least one of the outer side or the inner side of the screen (14).
5. The straw pulverizer as claimed in claim 3, wherein the rotary disk (132) is provided with a scraper (15), one end of the scraper (15) is a connecting part connected with the rotary disk (132), the other end is 1-2 free ends transversely arranged on the connecting part, the free ends and the connecting part form an assembly in the shape of L or F, and the free ends transversely extend into at least one of the outer side or the inner side of the screen (14).
6. The straw pulverizer as defined in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the blade (133) is a plate-shaped body, one side of the plate-shaped body is connected with one end face of the rotary disc (132), the other side of the plate-shaped body is a free end, and a cutting edge is arranged on the free end of the plate-shaped body.
7. The straw pulverizer of claim 3, wherein: the blade (133) is a plate-shaped body, one side of the plate-shaped body is connected with one end face of the rotary disc (132), the other side of the plate-shaped body is a free end, and a cutting edge is arranged on the free end of the plate-shaped body.
8. The straw pulverizer as defined in claim 4, wherein: the blade (133) is a plate-shaped body, one side of the plate-shaped body is connected with one end face of the rotary disc (132), the other side of the plate-shaped body is a free end, and a cutting edge is arranged on the free end of the plate-shaped body.
9. The straw pulverizer of claim 5, wherein: the blade (133) is a plate-shaped body, one side of the plate-shaped body is connected with one end face of the rotary disc (132), the other side of the plate-shaped body is a free end, and a cutting edge is arranged on the free end of the plate-shaped body.
10. The straw pulverizer as defined in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the machine frame (6) is provided with a depth wheel (4).
CN201921527007.3U 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Straw pulverizer Active CN211064215U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921527007.3U CN211064215U (en) 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Straw pulverizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921527007.3U CN211064215U (en) 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Straw pulverizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211064215U true CN211064215U (en) 2020-07-24

Family

ID=71621275

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921527007.3U Active CN211064215U (en) 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Straw pulverizer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211064215U (en)

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