CN210900440U - Agricultural multi-purpose thresher - Google Patents

Agricultural multi-purpose thresher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210900440U
CN210900440U CN201921883365.8U CN201921883365U CN210900440U CN 210900440 U CN210900440 U CN 210900440U CN 201921883365 U CN201921883365 U CN 201921883365U CN 210900440 U CN210900440 U CN 210900440U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
belt pulley
casing
motor
fixed
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201921883365.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱小映
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201921883365.8U priority Critical patent/CN210900440U/en
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Publication of CN210900440U publication Critical patent/CN210900440U/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multi-purpose thresher of agricultural, concretely relates to agricultural equipment technical field, which comprises a housin, the fixed motor room that is equipped with in casing one side, the inside separating mechanism that is equipped with of casing, the inside rubbing crusher that is equipped with of casing, separating mechanism includes the motor, the motor is fixed to be established inside the motor room, motor output shaft passes the casing and extends to inside the casing, motor output shaft external fixation is equipped with first belt pulley, motor output shaft external fixation is equipped with the second belt pulley, the second belt pulley is established in first belt pulley one side. The utility model discloses a rotation of first pivot and second pivot makes threshing roller and vane interact soon, reaches the purpose of threshing of rice or wheat, and blade and vane interact soon simultaneously makes the straw smash the collection of being convenient for, and whole device is threshed the separation and is smashed the collection integration with the straw, and the practicality is strong.

Description

Agricultural multi-purpose thresher
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural equipment, more specifically say, this utility model relates to a multi-purpose thresher of agricultural.
Background
Along with the popularization and application of agricultural machinery in a large number in China, more and more agricultural equipment reduces the burden of workers, but in the condition of complex road conditions or rainy days, crops in the field can only be manually harvested, so that a large amount of manual labor is undoubtedly brought to later threshing, the crushed straws can be recycled and fed to various animals and can be returned to the field as fertilizers, the existing rice and wheat multi-purpose threshing machine for threshing rice and wheat does not have a special straw crushing device, the straws are crushed only by threshing nails on a threshing barrel, and therefore the straw crushing effect is poor, and the crushed straws are not easy to collect.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide an agricultural multi-purpose thresher to solve the above problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to overcome the above-mentioned defect of prior art, the embodiment of the utility model provides a multi-purpose thresher of agricultural, starter motor drives first pivot and second pivot through belt drive and rotates, makes threshing roller and vane interaction soon, and when threshing and accomplishing, vane soon promotes the straw and moves forward, and up to blade and vane interaction soon, in collecting and depositing the basket after making the straw smash to solve the problem that proposes among the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: an agricultural multipurpose thresher comprises a shell, wherein a motor chamber is fixedly arranged on one side of the shell, a separation mechanism is arranged in the shell, and a crushing mechanism is arranged in the shell;
the separating mechanism comprises a motor, the motor is fixedly arranged in a motor chamber, the motor output shaft penetrates through the shell and extends into the shell, a first belt pulley is fixedly arranged outside the motor output shaft, a second belt pulley is fixedly arranged outside the motor output shaft, the second belt pulley is arranged on one side of the first belt pulley, a first rotating shaft is fixedly arranged at one end of the motor output shaft, a bearing is arranged at the joint of the other end of the first rotating shaft and the shell, a rotating blade is fixedly arranged outside the first rotating shaft, a second rotating shaft is arranged inside the shell, a bearing is arranged at the joint of one end of the second rotating shaft and the shell, a rotating blade is fixedly arranged outside the second rotating shaft, a rotating rod is fixedly arranged at the other end of the second rotating shaft, one end of the rotating rod penetrates through the shell and extends into the motor chamber, a third belt pulley is fixedly arranged outside the rotating rod, and the third belt pulley is connected with the first belt pulley through belt transmission, the bottom end of the interior of the shell is fixedly provided with a first supporting column, the interior of the shell is provided with a filter screen, one side of the filter screen is fixedly connected with the first supporting column, the other side of the filter screen is provided with a transmission rod, a bearing is arranged at the joint of one end of the transmission rod and the filter screen, the other end of the transmission rod penetrates through the shell and extends into the motor chamber, a fourth belt pulley is fixedly arranged on the exterior of the transmission rod, the fourth belt pulley is connected with a second belt pulley in a belt transmission manner, a plurality of threshing rollers are fixedly arranged at the top end of the interior of the shell, and a plurality of threshing rollers;
the crushing mechanism comprises a second support column, the second support column is fixedly arranged at the bottom inside the shell, a storage plate is fixedly arranged at the top of the second support column and is fixedly connected with the first support column, an air blower is fixedly arranged at the top of the storage plate, a second shell is fixedly arranged on one side of the bottom of the shell, an electric push rod is fixedly arranged inside the second shell, a push plate is fixedly arranged at the output end of the electric push rod, a plurality of blades are fixedly arranged at the top end inside the shell, and a plurality of blades are fixedly arranged at the top end of the bottom of the shell.
In a preferred embodiment, a feed inlet is arranged at the top of one side of the shell, and the feed inlet is fixedly connected with the shell.
In a preferred embodiment, a discharge hole is fixedly arranged on one side of the bottom of the shell, and the discharge hole is matched with the push plate.
In a preferred embodiment, a storage basket is arranged on one side inside the shell, the storage basket is connected with the bottom of the shell in a sliding mode through a sliding groove, a handle is fixedly arranged on one side of the storage basket, and a limiting plate is fixedly arranged on one side of the bottom of the storage basket.
In a preferred embodiment, the screen is a beveled screen, and the screen is disposed below the first shaft.
In a preferred embodiment, universal wheels are arranged on the periphery of the bottom of the shell, and the universal wheels are fixedly connected with the shell.
In a preferred embodiment, universal wheels are arranged on the periphery of the bottom of the shell, and the universal wheels are fixedly connected with the shell.
In a preferred embodiment, the threshing roller and the rotary blade are arranged in a staggered mode, and the blade and the rotary blade are arranged in a staggered mode.
The utility model discloses a technological effect and advantage:
1. the user starts the motor, the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft start to rotate through transmission of the conveying belt, even if the rotating blades and the threshing roller interact with the blades, harvested crops such as rice or wheat are thrown into the shell through the feeding hole, threshing and separating are carried out due to friction, meanwhile, the rest straws are crushed at the blades, the crushed straws are sucked into the storage basket through the air blower, and meanwhile, when the shell is filled with grains, the push rod pushes out the grains in the shell, so that the device can crush the straws thoroughly, the crushed straws are easy to collect, and compared with the prior art, the device can crush the straws thoroughly and can collect the crushed straws easily;
2. the user passes through the universal wheel, can change the position of device at will, very big has made things convenient for self work, and the inclined plane design of filter screen bottom simultaneously, with the vibrations design of filter screen, make the crop straw that has threshed and grain separation effect obvious, compare with prior art, this device makes the grain of thresher and the separation rate of straw improve, and it is more convenient to remove.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion a of fig. 2 according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the storage basket of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a front view of the present invention.
The reference signs are: the threshing machine comprises a shell 1, a motor 2, a first belt pulley 3, a second belt pulley 4, a first rotating shaft 5, a rotating blade 6, a second rotating shaft 7, a rotating rod 8, a third belt pulley 9, a first supporting column 10, a filter screen 11, a transmission rod 12, a fourth belt pulley 13, a threshing roller 14, a second supporting column 15, a storage plate 16, a blower 17, an electric push rod 18, a push plate 19, a blade 20, a feed inlet 21, a discharge outlet 22, a storage basket 23 and a handle 24.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The utility model provides an agricultural multi-purpose thresher as shown in attached figures 1-3, which comprises a shell 1, wherein a motor chamber is fixedly arranged on one side of the shell 1, a separation mechanism is arranged inside the shell 1, and a crushing mechanism is arranged inside the shell 1;
the separating mechanism comprises a motor 2, the motor 2 is fixedly arranged in a motor chamber, an output shaft of the motor 2 penetrates through a shell 1 and extends to the interior of the shell 1, a first belt pulley 3 is fixedly arranged on the outer portion of the output shaft of the motor 2, a second belt pulley 4 is fixedly arranged on the outer portion of the output shaft of the motor 2, the second belt pulley 4 is arranged on one side of the first belt pulley 3, a first rotating shaft 5 is fixedly arranged at one end of the output shaft of the motor 2, a bearing is arranged at the joint of the other end of the first rotating shaft 5 and the shell 1, a rotating blade 6 is fixedly arranged on the outer portion of the first rotating shaft 5, a second rotating shaft 7 is arranged in the shell 1, a bearing is arranged at the joint of one end of the second rotating shaft 7 and the shell 1, a rotating blade 6 is fixedly arranged on the outer portion of the second rotating shaft 7, a rotating rod 8 is fixedly arranged at the other end, a third belt pulley 9 is fixedly arranged outside the rotating rod 8, the third belt pulley 9 is connected with the first belt pulley 3 through belt transmission, a first support column 10 is fixedly arranged at the bottom end inside the shell 1, a filter screen 11 is arranged inside the shell 1, one side of the filter screen 11 is fixedly connected with the first support column 10, a transmission rod 12 is arranged on the other side of the filter screen 11, a bearing is arranged at the joint of one end of the transmission rod 12 and the filter screen 11, the other end of the transmission rod 12 penetrates through the shell 1 and extends into the motor chamber, a fourth belt pulley 13 is fixedly arranged outside the transmission rod 12, the fourth belt pulley 13 is connected with the second belt pulley 4 through belt transmission, a plurality of threshing rollers 14 are fixedly arranged at the top end inside the shell 1, and a plurality of threshing rollers 14 are fixedly arranged at the top end of the bottom of the shell;
the crushing mechanism comprises a second supporting column 15, the second supporting column 15 is fixedly arranged at the bottom end inside the shell 1, a storage plate 16 is fixedly arranged at the top of the second supporting column 15, the storage plate 16 is fixedly connected with the first supporting column 10, an air blower 17 is fixedly arranged at the top of the storage plate 16, a second shell is fixedly arranged on one side of the bottom of the shell 1, an electric push rod 18 is fixedly arranged inside the second shell 1, a push plate 19 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the electric push rod 18, a plurality of blades 20 are fixedly arranged at the top end inside the shell 1, and a plurality of blades 20 are fixedly arranged at the top end of the bottom of the shell;
a feed inlet 21 is formed in the top of one side of the shell 1, and the feed inlet 21 is fixedly connected with the shell 1, so that a user can conveniently feed materials;
a discharge port 22 is fixedly arranged on one side of the bottom of the shell 1, and the discharge port 22 is matched with the push plate 19, so that grains in the shell 1 can be taken out more easily;
a storage basket 23 is arranged on one side inside the shell 1, the storage basket is connected with the bottom of the shell 1 in a sliding mode through a sliding chute, a handle is fixedly arranged on one side of the storage basket 23, a limiting plate is fixedly arranged on one side of the bottom of the storage basket 23, broken straws can be conveniently collected, and meanwhile the stability of the storage basket 23 is guaranteed;
the threshing roller 14 and the rotary blades 6 are distributed in a staggered manner, and the blades 20 and the rotary blades 6 are distributed in a staggered manner, so that the separation and crushing efficiency is increased;
the implementation mode is specifically as follows: the user starts the motor 2, the output shaft of the motor 2 starts to rotate, the rotation of the output shaft of the motor 2 drives the first rotating shaft 5 to start rotating, meanwhile, the first belt pulley 3 starts to rotate along with the output shaft of the motor 2, the third belt pulley 9 in transmission connection with the first belt pulley 3 through a belt starts to rotate, the further rotating rod 8 is driven to rotate, so that the second rotating shaft 7 starts to rotate, namely, the rotary blade 6 starts to rotate, the rotary blade interacts with the threshing roller 14 and the blade 20, meanwhile, the rotation of the output shaft of the motor 2 drives the second belt pulley 4 to start to rotate, the fourth belt pulley 13 in transmission connection with the second belt pulley 4 through a belt starts to rotate, so as to drive the transmission rod 8 to start to rotate, when the transmission rod 8 starts to rotate, due to shaking, the filter screen 11 shakes along with the shaking of the transmission rod 8, and the user puts harvested crops such as rice or wheat into the shell 1 through the feed inlet 21, crops such as rice or wheat are threshed and separated by friction due to the interaction of the threshing roller 14 and the rotary blades 6, meanwhile, the remaining straws move forwards along with the spiral rotation of the rotary blades 6, when the crops such as the rice or the wheat reach the blades 20, the blades 20 are matched with the rotary blades 6, the straws are crushed, the air blower 17 is started, the crushed straws are sucked into the storage basket 23, after the storage basket 23 is filled with the crushed straws, a user can collect the crushed straws by pulling out the storage basket 23 through a handle, and meanwhile, when the shell 1 is filled with grains, the electric push rod 18 is started, so that the push rod 19 can push out the grains in the shell 1.
The utility model provides an agricultural multi-purpose thresher as shown in attached figures 1, 4 and 5;
the filter screen 11 is arranged in an inclined plane, and the filter screen 11 is arranged below the first rotating shaft 5, so that the separation efficiency of grains and straws is improved;
universal wheels are arranged on the periphery of the bottom of the shell 1 and fixedly connected with the shell 1, so that the device is convenient to move;
the implementation mode is specifically as follows: the universal wheels are fixedly arranged at the bottom of the shell 1, so that the device is convenient to move, the position of a worker can be changed at will according to the requirement of the worker, the worker can work conveniently, meanwhile, the inclined plane design at the bottom of the filter screen 11 and the vibration design of the filter screen 11 enable the threshing crop straw and the grain to be obvious in separation effect, and the embodiment specifically solves the problems that the threshing machine in the prior art is large and heavy, the grain and straw separation rate is not high, and the moving is inconvenient.
The utility model discloses the theory of operation:
referring to the description as shown in the attached drawings 1-3, a user starts a motor 2, an output shaft of the motor 2 starts to rotate, the rotation of the output shaft of the motor 2 drives a first rotating shaft 5 to start rotating, a second rotating shaft 7 further starts to rotate through belt transmission, namely, a rotary blade 6 and a threshing roller 14 interact with a blade 20, and simultaneously a transmission rod 8 starts to rotate to shake a filter screen 11, the user puts harvested crops such as rice, wheat and the like into a shell 1 through a feed inlet 21 to perform threshing separation due to friction, meanwhile, the rest straws are crushed at the position of the blade 20, a blower 17 is started, the crushed straws are sucked into a storage basket 23 to achieve the purpose of collecting the crushed straws, and meanwhile, when the interior of the shell 1 is full of grains, an electric push rod 18 is started to push a push rod 19 out of the grains in the shell 1, so that the device can crush the straws thoroughly, the crushed straws are easy to collect;
referring to the specification such as attached figures 1, 4 and 5, the universal wheels enable the device to be convenient to move, workers can change positions according to the needs of the workers to conveniently work, meanwhile, due to the inclined plane design of the bottom of the filter screen 11 and the vibration design of the filter screen 11, the threshing crop straw and grain separation effect is obvious, the device enables the grain and straw separation rate of the threshing machine to be improved, and the movement is convenient.
The points to be finally explained are: first, in the description of the present application, it should be noted that, unless otherwise specified and limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" should be understood broadly, and may be a mechanical connection or an electrical connection, or a communication between two elements, and may be a direct connection, and "upper," "lower," "left," and "right" are only used to indicate a relative positional relationship, and when the absolute position of the object to be described is changed, the relative positional relationship may be changed;
secondly, the method comprises the following steps: in the drawings of the disclosed embodiments of the present invention, only the structures related to the disclosed embodiments are referred to, and other structures can refer to the common design, and under the condition of no conflict, the same embodiment and different embodiments of the present invention can be combined with each other;
and finally: the above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. An agricultural multipurpose thresher comprises a shell (1), and is characterized in that: a motor chamber is fixedly arranged on one side of the shell (1), a separation mechanism is arranged in the shell (1), and a crushing mechanism is arranged in the shell (1);
the separating mechanism comprises a motor (2), the motor (2) is fixedly arranged in a motor chamber, an output shaft of the motor (2) penetrates through a shell (1) and extends to the inside of the shell (1), a first belt pulley (3) is fixedly arranged on the outside of the output shaft of the motor (2), a second belt pulley (4) is fixedly arranged on the outside of the output shaft of the motor (2), the second belt pulley (4) is arranged on one side of the first belt pulley (3), a first rotating shaft (5) is fixedly arranged at one end of the output shaft of the motor (2), a bearing is arranged at the joint of the other end of the first rotating shaft (5) and the shell (1), a rotating blade (6) is fixedly arranged on the outside of the first rotating shaft (5), a second rotating shaft (7) is arranged in the shell (1), a bearing is arranged at the joint of one end of the second rotating shaft (7) and the shell (1), a rotating blade (6) is fixedly arranged on the outside of, the other end of the second rotating shaft (7) is fixedly provided with a rotating rod (8), one end of the rotating rod (8) penetrates through the shell (1) and extends to the interior of the motor chamber, the outer part of the rotating rod (8) is fixedly provided with a third belt pulley (9), the third belt pulley (9) is connected with the first belt pulley (3) through belt transmission, the bottom end of the interior of the shell (1) is fixedly provided with a first supporting column (10), the shell (1) is internally provided with a filter screen (11), one side of the filter screen (11) is fixedly connected with the first supporting column (10), the other side of the filter screen (11) is provided with a transmission rod (12), the joint of one end of the transmission rod (12) and the filter screen (11) is provided with a bearing, the other end of the transmission rod (12) penetrates through the shell (1) and extends to the interior of the motor chamber, the outer part of the transmission rod (12) is fixedly provided with a fourth belt pulley (13), and the fourth belt pulley (, the top end of the inside of the shell (1) is fixedly provided with a plurality of threshing rollers (14), and the top end of the bottom of the shell is fixedly provided with a plurality of threshing rollers (14);
rubbing crusher constructs including second support column (15), second support column (15) are fixed to be established in the inside bottom of casing (1), second support column (15) top is fixed to be equipped with and to deposit board (16), deposit board (16) and first support column (10) fixed connection, it is fixed and is equipped with air-blower (17) to deposit board (16) top, casing (1) bottom one side is fixed and is equipped with the second casing, second casing (1) inside is fixed and is equipped with electric putter (18), electric putter (18) output end is fixed and is equipped with push pedal (19), casing (1) inside top is fixed and is equipped with a plurality of blades (20), casing bottom top is fixed and is equipped with a plurality of blades (20).
2. An agricultural multi-purpose thresher according to claim 1, wherein: the feed inlet (21) is arranged at the top of one side of the shell (1), and the feed inlet (21) is fixedly connected with the shell (1).
3. An agricultural multi-purpose thresher according to claim 1, wherein: a discharge port (22) is fixedly arranged on one side of the bottom of the shell (1), and the discharge port (22) is matched with the push plate (19).
4. An agricultural multi-purpose thresher according to claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a storage basket, including casing (1), storage basket and casing (1), casing (1) inside one side is equipped with deposits basket (23), deposit the basket and pass through spout sliding connection with casing (1) bottom, it is fixed to deposit basket (23) one side and is equipped with the handle, it is fixed to be equipped with the limiting plate to deposit basket (23) bottom one side.
5. An agricultural multi-purpose thresher according to claim 1, wherein: the filter screen (11) is arranged on an inclined plane, and the filter screen (11) is arranged below the first rotating shaft (5).
6. An agricultural multi-purpose thresher according to claim 1, wherein: the universal wheels are arranged on the periphery of the bottom of the shell (1) and fixedly connected with the shell (1).
7. An agricultural multi-purpose thresher according to claim 1, wherein: the threshing roller (14) and the rotary blades (6) are distributed in a staggered mode, and the blades (20) and the rotary blades (6) are distributed in a staggered mode.
CN201921883365.8U 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 Agricultural multi-purpose thresher Expired - Fee Related CN210900440U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921883365.8U CN210900440U (en) 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 Agricultural multi-purpose thresher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921883365.8U CN210900440U (en) 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 Agricultural multi-purpose thresher

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210900440U true CN210900440U (en) 2020-07-03

Family

ID=71354989

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921883365.8U Expired - Fee Related CN210900440U (en) 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 Agricultural multi-purpose thresher

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210900440U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200703

Termination date: 20201105

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee