CN210695343U - Translational sprinkling irrigation machine - Google Patents

Translational sprinkling irrigation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210695343U
CN210695343U CN201920124707.1U CN201920124707U CN210695343U CN 210695343 U CN210695343 U CN 210695343U CN 201920124707 U CN201920124707 U CN 201920124707U CN 210695343 U CN210695343 U CN 210695343U
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pipe
assembly
vertical shaft
hole
screw
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刘碰
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刘碰
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model relates to a translation formula irrigation machine, include: the translation watering device that connects into with stainless steel pipe, power drive and traction system, the flexible pipeline of stainless steel, solar power source or battery, characterized by: the water inlet of translation watering device is connected with the one end of the flexible pipeline of stainless steel or bellows, the other end and the water conveying area of the flexible pipeline of stainless steel or bellows are connected, power drive and traction system fixed mounting are at the foremost of translation watering device, the horizontal pipe is violently managed forward in spraying of translation watering device, backward, downwards, it has the multirow aperture to bore to the parabola direction of front and back, translation watering device can forward translation under the traction of power, the speed of the preceding walking of translation watering device, can the manual control, the remote control, automatic or manual drive, can also regard the heat engine as power drive, translation watering device can also be folded.

Description

Translational sprinkling irrigation machine
Technical Field
The utility model discloses translation watering irrigation machine belongs to the agricultural machine field.
Background
China is a big agricultural country and a country with short rainwater, water resources are poor, grain production and harvest are increased and guaranteed, drought resistance irrigation land is scarce, land is a collective system in China, the general use is that one family contracts a responsibility system, the land structure is that one family independently cultivates and manages, land blocks are like stripe cloth, the most common land with the width of more than ten meters to more than twenty meters, and large drought resistance irrigation machinery in developed countries cannot be used in China. Drought resistance and irrigation are uncertain factors, the drip irrigation cost is high, and the cultivation and management are inconvenient. A farmer has a tractor, a seeder and a harvester for reaping, only the drought-resistant irrigation machine is a short plate, most of the drought-resistant irrigation machines in rural areas still use the original irrigation method, water is pumped out of a well and is conveyed into the farmland through a soft water belt, the farmer holds a pipe head to spray on the spot, and the method is unscientific, not energy-saving, wastes water resources, is large in physical labor, is concentrated in water flow, large in impulsive force, short in land infiltration time, impermeable in high places and deep in water in hollow places. The young crops are buried by water, and the high stem crops are fallen down by water. Water and mud are integrated during land pouring, the labor intensity is high, farmers can even call for the land, and the land pouring device with drought resistance is urgent, but is a difficult problem in China.
According to the current situation of China and the uncertain factors of weather and drought, the equipment provides a novel translation watering irrigation machine, which has simple structure, no rustiness, no aging, low manufacturing cost, good effect of irrigation when not used alone, and capability of being folded when not used, is convenient to pull, walk and store, is suitable for crops in most dry farmlands in the north of China, is equipped by one family in rural areas in China, is also suitable for large-area irrigation of large-area grain planting households, and is very easy to accept by farmers.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model discloses translation watering irrigation machine, its technical scheme includes: the device comprises a translational sprinkling device capable of driving to walk, a stainless steel telescopic pipeline or a corrugated pipe, a solar cell or a storage battery, a traction walking system, a power driving system and a control system. The method is characterized in that: the water inlet of the translational sprinkling device is connected with one end of a stainless steel telescopic pipeline or a corrugated pipe, the other end of the stainless steel telescopic pipeline or the corrugated pipe is connected with a water conveying belt, a solar battery or a storage battery is placed on the front upper edge or the front lower edge of the translational sprinkling device to drive a front wheel of the translational sprinkling device, or a small winding wheel is driven to wind a thin rope to pull the translational sprinkling device to walk forwards, the walking speed can be manually controlled, automatically controlled and remotely controlled, and the translational sprinkling device can be manually driven or driven by a manual driving assembly or a heat engine when not in use, can be folded when not in use, is convenient to move and store, and can be driven by a 220V alternating current power supply under the condition.
The translational sprinkler is shown in figures 1 and 2: the horizontal moving sprinkler is formed by cutting stainless steel pipes with different diameters into different lengths and connecting a round hole flow dividing assembly, a long pipe three-way assembly, a round hole four-way assembly and a rotary pipe fitting joint. Which comprises the following steps: z-shaped bent pipeline T, water inlet switches K1 and K2, a water pressure sensor F, a miniature variable frequency pipeline pump P, a filter G, a controllable water pressure gauge Y, an inclined shunt water pipeline S1, a vertical shunt water pipeline S2, a water pipe bundle joint, a head J, a horizontal spray pipe L1, a horizontal spray pipe L2, a short water delivery pipe H, a small horizontal spray pipe L3, a solar cell or a storage battery M, a speed-regulating controllable motor D, a small winding wheel and a traction fine rope W. The method is characterized in that: the Z-shaped bent pipeline T is arranged in front of the water inlet switch, the water inlet switches K1 and K2 are arranged at the water inlet, the water pressure sensor F, the miniature variable frequency pipeline pump P and the filter G are sequentially arranged behind the water inlet switches K1 and K2, and the controllable water pressure gauge is arranged at the diversion vertex of the circular hole diversion assembly. The round hole shunting assembly A is characterized in that two outermost rotary joints are respectively communicated with two outermost inclined shunting water pipelines S1, two inclined shunting water pipelines S1 are formed by sleeving two or three sections of stainless steel pipes with different diameters together and are provided with water pipe bundle joints J, a fixed joint in the middle of the round hole shunting assembly A is communicated with a shunting water pipeline S2 in the middle of the round hole shunting assembly A, and the other two rotary joints are not communicated with water and are folded for later use. In the horizontal spraying pipes, two horizontal spraying pipes L1 on the inner side and two horizontal spraying pipes L2 on the outer side are respectively connected together by two round hole four-way assemblies B, and are connected with the pipeline part of a long pipe three-way assembly C into a straight line and are transversely arranged to form a horizontal spraying pipe L. The two small sprinkling transverse pipes L3 are respectively arranged behind the two round hole four-way assemblies B, are parallel to the sprinkling general transverse pipe L and are respectively communicated with the two short sprinkling pipes H by the two short water conveying pipes H. The spraying transverse pipe L1, the spraying transverse sleeve L2, the pipeline part of the long pipe-tee assembly C and the rear spraying small transverse pipe L3 are respectively drilled with a plurality of rows of small holes in the forward, backward, downward and forward and backward parabolic directions. Three walking wheel assemblies are arranged below the translational sprinkling device, the wheels are distributed in a triangular manner with the direction facing downwards and comprise a front wheel assembly O1 and two rear wheel assemblies O2, one of the front wheel assemblies O1 is arranged in a central circular hole of the circular hole shunting assembly A, the two rear wheel assemblies O2 are respectively arranged in central circular holes of the two circular hole four-way assemblies B, and each locking lock is screwed down
The spray cross tube L1 can also be designed as a spray cross sleeve, as shown in fig. 3 and 4.
The translational sprinkling device is provided with a small hole in front of the micro pipeline pump P and can be provided with a liquid or soluble fertilizer adding device.
The horizontal width of the horizontal spraying pipe can be adjusted within a certain range by the horizontal spraying pipe L.
The horizontal spray pipe L1 and the horizontal spray sleeve L2 are also provided with a plurality of water shutoff clamping devices E.
As shown in fig. 5, 6, 7, and 8, the circular hole shunt assembly has the following structure: the split stream vertex of the round hole split stream assembly is in a trapezoidal state or an arc state, a round hole penetrates through two sides of the cross center of the central cross water pipeline, water delivery is not affected around the round hole, but the round hole does not leak water, the central threading direction of the round hole is perpendicular to the whole plane of the round hole split stream assembly, round tables are arranged on two sides of the round hole respectively, a screw hole is formed in the side face of the round table on one side, a locking screw is arranged in the screw hole, the front wheel assembly can be mounted in the round hole, and the round hole can be fixed by the locking screw. The lower side is provided with a transverse pipe, one end of four rotary pipe fittings in the same direction of the outer side of the transverse pipe can be matched with the other end of each rotary pipe fitting for use, the two rotary pipe fittings on the outermost sides of the two sides are obliquely connected or vertically connected, the two rotary pipe fittings on the inner sides of the two sides are adapter fittings, water is not supplied when the two rotary pipe fittings are unfolded for sprinkling, and the adapter fittings are folded for standby. The fixed joint is arranged in the middle of the pipe fitting, and the direction of the fixed joint for connecting the steel pipe, the rotating direction of the rotating pipe fitting joint and the integral plane of the flow dividing assembly are in the same plane or parallel. The two sides of the flow distribution assembly are respectively provided with a supporting transverse supporting head which is not used when water is spread and can support the pipe head for standby after being folded, the inner sides of the supporting transverse supporting heads are respectively provided with a round hole, the central threading direction of the round hole is the same as the central threading direction of the round hole at the cross position of the cross water pipeline, the side surface of the round hole is provided with a screw hole, a locking screw is arranged in the screw hole, a vertical shaft of the simple wheel can be installed in the round hole, and the locking screw in the screw hole can enable the vertical shaft of the simple wheel to be capable of going up, down and fixing. The shunting vertex of the round hole shunting assembly can also be in a triangular state or a square state.
The long pipe tee joint assembly is, as shown in fig. 9, structurally characterized in that: a small round hole penetrates through two sides of a traditional tee joint, water delivery is not affected around the round hole, but water is not leaked through the round hole, and a simple wheel assembly can be installed in the round hole. The two ends of the round hole are respectively provided with a round table, the side surface of the round table on one side is provided with a screw hole, a locking screw is arranged in the screw hole, the upper vertical shaft and the lower vertical shaft of the simple wheel can be locked by screwing the locking screw, and the vertical shafts can be fixed up, down and up. The two corresponding ends of the tee joint are respectively connected with a section of long pipeline, the outer ends of the two sections of long pipelines are respectively provided with one end of a rotary pipe fitting joint and can be matched with the other end of the rotary pipe fitting joint for use, and the rotating angles of the rotary pipe fitting joints at the two ends are on the same plane, can rotate and can be positioned. The middle of the rotary pipe fitting is provided with a fixed joint, and the direction of the fixed joint for connecting the steel pipe and the rotary plane of the rotary pipe fitting joint are in the same plane or parallel and are vertical to the direction of the central circular hole.
The round hole four-way assembly is shown in fig. 10, and the structure is as follows: the center of the traditional right four-way joint is provided with a round hole which penetrates through two sides of the four-way joint, water delivery is not influenced around the round hole, but water delivery is not leaked through the round hole, the central threading direction of the round hole is vertical to the whole plane of the four-way joint, round platforms are arranged at two ends of the round hole respectively, a thread hole is formed in the side surface of the round platform at one side, a locking screw is arranged in the thread hole, and a rear wheel assembly can be mounted in the round hole and can be fixed by the locking screw. The four ends of the four-way joint are respectively provided with one end of a rotary pipe fitting joint and can be matched with the other end of the rotary pipe fitting joint for use, and the rotary pipe fitting joint at the four ends of the round hole four-way joint can rotate and can be positioned. The direction of the whole plane of the round hole four-way assembly and the rotating direction of the rotating pipe fitting joints at the four ends are on the same plane or parallel. The center hole of the round hole four-way assembly can be changed into a square hole, or a prismatic hole or an elliptical hole, so that the rear travelling wheel can walk forwards and backwards in an oriented mode.
As shown in fig. 11, 12, 13, and 14, the swivel pipe joint has a structure in which: the pipe fitting joint is divided into two parts which are bent or straight-through, two pipe fitting bodies of the pipe fitting joint are separately combined and are in staggered connection, a joint is provided with a cross round surface, the cross round surface is provided with a convex-concave positioning step, the convex-concave cross round surfaces are overlapped, the two parts of connecting structures are respectively provided with a through hole, a bolt is penetrated in the through hole to connect the two ends of the pipe fitting bodies together, the two parts of the pipe fitting bodies are positioned by the convex-concave steps by taking the bolt as an axis, and can rotate in a staggered way and also can be positioned on the same plane. The tops of the two pipe fitting bodies are in a circular arc state or a trapezoidal state. The joint has positioning pin and sealing gasket in the superposed position, the positioning in the convex-concave step is the positioning in the rotating plane, the positioning in the pin is the positioning in the rotating angle, and the pipe fitting body of the pipe fitting joint is manufactured separately but needs to be matched for use. The rotary pipe fitting joint is: the combined component of the circular tube shunt assembly, the circular hole four-way assembly and the long tube three-way assembly can also be used independently. The rotary pipe fitting joint is a pipe fitting joint which changes the connection between a steel pipe and a steel pipe from transverse section connection to longitudinal section connection and can rotate, and is a key component which can be unfolded and folded by a translation type irrigation machine. The connection between the pipe fitting opening of the pipe fitting and the steel pipe has a plurality of connection methods: the outer screw thread, the inner screw thread, the smooth barrel, the positioning groove, the positioning pressing screw hole or the hot pressing connection are arranged; or a combination of the methods. Still another connection method is: the external screw thread is provided with a positioning step and a screw pressing cover, a lining is arranged in the screw pressing cover, and the screw pressing cover is screwed and tightly pressed to ensure that the opening of the pipe fitting is firmly connected with the steel pipe.
As shown in fig. 18, the front wheel assembly has the following structure: the wheel fork is arranged outside the front wheel and firmly connected with the upper vertical shaft and the lower vertical shaft, the vertical shaft is made of a steel pipe, an adjusting long screw is arranged in the vertical shaft, an adjusting screw hole is formed in the upper end of the vertical shaft, the adjusting long screw can rotate in the adjusting screw hole to adjust the height of the front wheel, a height adjusting hand wheel and a height adjusting motor are arranged at the upper top end of the adjusting long screw, the adjusting long screw is firmly connected with the adjusting hand wheel and the adjusting motor, the adjusting motor can intelligently adjust the rotation of the motor by sensing information of the ground height transmitted by the horizontal sensor to adjust the height of the long screw, and the hand wheel can also adjust the height of the long screw. The lowest edge of the vertical shaft is provided with a sleeve ring, the side surface of the sleeve ring is provided with a locking screw hole and a locking screw, the outer side of the other side surface of the sleeve ring is provided with a long handle, the long handle is horizontally connected with the sleeve ring, the outer end of the long handle is provided with an adjusting long screw, and the rotation of the long screw is manually or remotely controlled, so that the deflection angle of the long handle can be adjusted, and the advancing direction of the front wheel is changed. The vertical shaft sleeve is arranged outside the vertical shaft, a locking positioning hole is formed in the side face of the vertical shaft sleeve, the vertical shaft sleeve is locked in a central circular hole of the flow dividing assembly, a positioning groove for adjusting a long screw is formed in the upper end opening of the vertical shaft sleeve, the vertical shaft sleeve supports the vertical shaft, the height of a front wheel can be adjusted up and down, and the tire of the front wheel needs to have an anti-skidding function relative to the ground.
The rear wheel assembly, as shown in fig. 19: the structure is as follows: the rear wheel is externally provided with a wheel fork which is firmly connected with the upper vertical shaft and the lower vertical shaft, the vertical shaft is made of a steel pipe, an adjusting long screw is arranged in the vertical shaft, the upper end of the vertical shaft is provided with an adjusting screw hole, the upper top end of the adjusting long screw is provided with a hand wheel, the adjusting long screw is firmly connected with the hand wheel, the hand wheel is rotated to link the adjusting long screw, the long screw rotates in the adjusting screw hole, and the upper height and the lower height of the rear wheel can be adjusted. The side surface of the vertical shaft is provided with a long hole, the long hole is the same as the adjusting length of the adjusting long screw, a vertical shaft sleeve is arranged outside the vertical shaft, the side surface of the vertical shaft sleeve is provided with a locking positioning hole, and the upper end of the vertical shaft sleeve is provided with an adjusting long screw positioning groove. The vertical shaft of the rear wheel is positioned in the vertical shaft sleeve by the locking screw, and the vertical shaft can not only slide up and down, but also can make the rear wheel travel and position circumferentially. The flanging is provided with a transverse handle outside the upper end of the vertical shaft sleeve, the length of the transverse handle is equal to the central distance of the rotary pipe fitting joints at the two corresponding ends in the round hole four-way joint, and two end heads of the transverse handle are provided with oblique pull ropes. The vertical shaft sleeve not only can support the vertical shaft, but also can be used as a small support column.
The simple wheel assembly is shown in fig. 20: the structure is as follows: the wheel fork is firmly connected with the upper vertical shaft and the lower vertical shaft, and the material can be light in specific gravity and good in mechanical strength.
The folding process and method comprises the following steps: (1) loosening (not detaching) fastening screws and binding joints of rotating pipe fittings at all parts, pulling down a simple wheel at the center of the long-pipe three-way assembly to be contacted and fixed with the ground, and simultaneously pulling down simple wheels at two sides of the circular hole flow dividing assembly to be contacted and fixed with the ground, (2) respectively disconnecting the rotating pipe fittings at two sides of the long-pipe three-way assembly, which are connected with a spraying transverse pipe or a spraying transverse sleeve; (3) respectively rotating the spraying horizontal pipes at two sides towards the direction of the inclined diversion water pipes by taking the other ends as axes, if the spraying horizontal pipes are retracted during spraying, rotating the spraying horizontal pipes to be close to the inclined diversion water pipes, and then retracting the inclined diversion water pipes at two sides to move towards the middle in a rotating manner, so that the rotating joints at one ends of the spraying horizontal pipes or the spraying horizontal pipes are superposed and connected with the corresponding joints of the diversion assemblies; (4) the two outermost spraying horizontal sleeves are all retracted to rotate and are close to the inclined shunting water pipelines at two sides, and the hollow end is placed on the supporting horizontal supporting heads at two sides of the shunting assembly; (5) two small spraying transverse pipes and two short water conveying pipes are removed, and two rotary joints of the long pipe tee are connected with the two small spraying transverse pipes and the short water conveying pipes; (6) after being folded, the pair of support simple wheels are folded, the folding device is easy to rock, the whole distribution is uniform, the fastening screws and the binding joints of the rotary joints are tightened, the small spraying transverse pipe and the short water conveying pipe are placed at proper positions, and the folding is finished completely. During the folding process, two oblique pull ropes are loosened or detached according to the specific conditions of operation; the folding operation process can be changed in sequence from beginning to end, but the connection of all parts after folding is unchangeable, the front part is fixed into a whole by the shunt assembly, the rear part is fixed into a whole by the long pipe tee joint and is combined into a plane whole, and the folding operation is preferably carried out on two sides in a split mode. The top of the circular hole shunting assembly is trapezoid, or arc, or square, or triangle, the joints at two sides of the circular hole shunting assembly are connected vertically or obliquely, the central hole of the circular hole four-way assembly is square, prismatic, or oval, although the folding process is different, the connection mode of each part after folding is the same, as shown in fig. 21 and 22; the second folding method is as follows: the spraying horizontal sleeves L2 on the two sides are firstly detached, then the middle part is folded into a whole by the same method, and then the spraying horizontal sleeves L2 on the two sides are overlapped and then are arranged on the two sides, the effect is the same, as shown in figures 21 and 22; folding also is the biggest bright spot of translation watering irrigation machine, if can not fold, the watering is good again, also can not move.
The stainless steel telescopic pipeline is shown in figures 23, 24, 25 and 26: the method comprises the following steps: inner tube, outer tube, sealing washer device to and the microseism device, characterized by: several stainless steel pipes with gradually increased or decreased diameters are sleeved together, one end of each steel pipe is provided with a sealing ring device, and the pipe tail at the other end is retracted inwards or outwards, so that the inner and outer steel pipes can be pulled out or retracted without water leakage or falling off; the micro-vibration device is arranged at one end of the assembled sealing ring device, and the periphery of the micro-vibration device is symmetrically and uniformly micro-vibrated, so that one end of the sealing ring of the stainless steel telescopic pipeline is always in a dynamic state, and the static inertia potential energy is reduced.
The first mode is that a solar cell or a storage battery drives a small winding wheel, the small winding wheel is wound on one end of a thin rope, the other end of the thin rope is fixed at a plurality of meters right in front of the plane sprinkling structure, a motor drives the small winding wheel to wind the thin rope, and the translation sprinkling device is pulled to move forwards; as shown in fig. 23; the other type is that a controllable speed regulating motor directly drives a front wheel of the translational sprinkling device through a speed reducer to pull the translational sprinkling device to move forwards, the front wheel has a guiding function and a ground anti-skidding function, a solar cell or a storage battery is placed on the front upper edge of the planar sprinkling structure, and the solar cell can rotate along with the direction of the sun.
There are also two methods for the manual drive system: the manual driving assembly drives the front wheel to drive the translational sprinkling device to move forwards, so that the effect of strong force application in a short time and slow release is achieved, and the power of moving forwards is very low.
The heat engine drive is as follows: the miniature heat engine replaces a solar cell or a storage battery.
The walking control is as follows: the remote control system is controlled manually, automatically and remotely.
Drawings
The attached drawings 1 and 2 show that: the horizontal moving sprinkling device is a schematic diagram, T is a Z-shaped bent vertical pipe, K1 and K2 are water inlet switches, F is a water pressure sensor, P is a miniature variable frequency pipeline pump, G is a filter Y is a controllable water pressure meter, S1 is an inclined shunt water pipeline, S2 is a shunt water pipeline, J is a water pipe bundle joint, L1 is a sprinkling transverse pipe, L2 is a sprinkling transverse casing pipe, L3 is a sprinkling small transverse pipe, H is a water delivery short pipe, O1 is a front wheel assembly, O2 is a rear wheel assembly respectively, R is a supporting small upright post, (replaced by a vertical shaft sleeve of the rear wheel assembly) A is a circular hole shunt assembly, B is two circular hole four-way assemblies respectively, C is a long pipe three-way assembly, and E is a standby water plugging clamp device of the sprinkling transverse pipe. O is the installation point of the simple wheel assembly, Z is the intelligent height adjusting device on the front wheel, M is a solar battery or a storage battery, D is a controllable speed regulating motor, W is a small winding wheel and a thin rope, and the spraying main transverse pipe L is a general name of a spraying transverse pipe LI, a spraying transverse sleeve L2 and a long pipe part of a long pipe tee joint assembly C.
Fig. 3 and 4 show: substantially the same as that shown in fig. 1 and 2, but the cross tube L1 is changed from a cross tube to a cross sleeve.
FIG. 5 shows: is a schematic diagram of a circular hole shunting assembly, which is in a trapezoidal state, and joints at two sides are connected in an inclined way; FIG. 6 shows: is a schematic diagram of a circular hole flow-dividing assembly, which is in a trapezoidal state, and joints at two sides are vertically connected; FIG. 7 shows: is a schematic diagram of a circular hole shunt assembly, which is in an arc state, and joints at two sides are connected in an inclined way; FIG. 8 shows: is a schematic view of a circular hole shunt assembly, which is in a circular arc shape, and joints at two sides are vertically connected.
FIG. 9 shows: is a schematic view of a long pipe tee joint assembly. FIG. 10 shows: is a schematic diagram of a circular hole four-way assembly.
Fig. 11 shows a rotary pipe fitting joint, in which the pipe fitting body is curved; fig. 12 shows a rotary pipe fitting joint, in which the pipe fitting body is curved;
FIG. 13 shows: the pipe fitting body of the rotary pipe fitting joint is in a straight-through shape. FIG. 14 shows: the pipe fitting body of the rotary pipe fitting joint is in a straight-through shape.
FIG. 15 shows: the front schematic view of the wire pressing cover is shown in fig. 16: schematic side view of wire-pressing cover, fig. 17: wire cap bushing diagram.
FIG. 18 shows: is a front wheel assembly; FIG. 19 shows: is a rear wheel assembly; shown in FIG. 20: is a simple wheel assembly.
FIG. 21 shows: the width of the two ends is equal after the sprinkler is folded.
FIG. 22 shows: is a schematic view of one wide end and one narrow end after the water sprinkling device is folded,
FIG. 23 shows: is a schematic appearance diagram when the stainless steel telescopic pipeline is stretched: FIG. 24 shows: is a schematic diagram of a stainless steel telescopic pipeline sealing device with a sealing ring arranged in an outer layer pipe: FIG. 25 shows: is a schematic diagram of a sealing device of a stainless steel telescopic pipeline with a sealing ring arranged outside an inner layer pipe; FIG. 26 shows: is a schematic view of the micro-vibration device.
FIG. 27 shows: m represents a solar cell or a storage battery, D represents a controllable speed regulating motor, and W represents a small winding wheel and a thin rope.
R in FIGS. 1, 2, 3 and 4 is practically absent. In the illustration of FIG. 18, Z is the same as Z in the illustrations of FIGS. 1, 2, 3, and 4. In the illustration of FIG. 27, M, D, W are the same as M, D, W in the illustrations of FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 4.
Detailed Description
The translation watering device is shown according to fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, and water inlet switch K1, K2 are installed in translation watering device's water inlet department, filter G, available can not be used, can not be used when the water source is pure, reduces the resistance to intaking, because the filter has certain resistance to water. The water pressure sensor F and the miniature variable frequency pipeline pump P are mutually matched for use, the water pressure sensor F provides water pressure information to the miniature variable frequency pipeline pump P according to the water pressure of an external water source, the miniature variable frequency pipeline pump P is controlled, the miniature pipeline pump P is used for reducing the water inlet pressure in front of the translation water sprinkling device, the water spraying pressure of the translation water sprinkling device is improved, a stainless steel telescopic pipeline is convenient to compress, the water spraying effect can be improved, and two purposes are achieved at one stroke.
Spray horizontal sleeve pipe L2, by two or three cover together, the certain clearance is stayed to interior outer tube, can flow water in the clearance, and the inner tube is whole to be pulled out, or the part is pulled out, or does not pull out, and interior outer tube can both spray water, therefore, in certain extent, can adjust the horizontal width who sprays violently pipe wantonly, spray violently pipe L1 also can be the sleeve pipe, as shown in fig. 3, 4, its purpose is that the horizontal width who sprays total violently pipe L can be adjusted in bigger scope hides, can also adjust the distance between two rear wheels. The transverse sleeve, the inner pipe and the outer pipe can not leave gaps, but the transverse width of the spraying main transverse pipe cannot be adjusted.
Two horizontal spray pipes L1, two horizontal spray sleeves L2, two horizontal spray pipes L3 and the long pipe part of long pipe tee bend, downwards, forwards, backwards, to the parabola direction of front and back drilled with multirow aperture, is for spraying evenly, the parabola direction, its purpose is to make water spray farther, when the translation watering device slowly moves forward, the same place on ground falls into water the time the longest, fully reaches the purpose of infiltration soil.
The water blocking clamp device E is used for clamping the horizontal spraying pipe L1 or the horizontal spraying sleeve L2 when the horizontal spraying pipe is unevenly sprayed with water or the pressure of the sprayed water is reduced due to some reason or the water spraying of a section of the horizontal spraying pipe needs to be reduced when the water spraying device moves forwards, part of small water spraying holes can be blocked, the uniformity of the sprayed water can be adjusted, and the structure is similar to that of a common book clamp and a little rubber mat.
The small sprinkling transverse tube L3 is a supplementary sprinkling transverse tube of the total sprinkling transverse tube L, and a rear wheel assembly O2 is arranged below the round hole four-way assembly, and the round hole four-way assembly transversely has a certain width without drilling small holes, so the small sprinkling transverse tube L3 is used for supplementing the water spraying of the section, the small sprinkling transverse tube L3 can be omitted, but the holes must be drilled on two sides of the round hole four-way assembly.
The Z-shaped bent pipe T is characterized in that the Z-shaped bent pipe T is Z-shaped, the upper end of the Z-shaped bent pipe T is connected with a water inlet of a translational sprinkling device, the lower end of the Z-shaped bent pipe T is connected with one end of a stainless steel telescopic pipeline, and the middle of the Z-shaped bent pipe T has a telescopic function and plays a role in up-and-down connection.
The translation watering device is provided with a small hole in the front of the variable-frequency pipeline pump P and can be used for adding a soluble fertilizer device, and because the water pressure in the front of the miniature pipeline pump is very low, the fertilizer is easy to add, but the fertilizer needs to be a liquid fertilizer or an instant fertilizer.
The round hole shunting assembly divides a main water pipe into two or three shunt pipes, the shunting vertex is in a trapezoidal state or an arc shape state, so that the flowing water is smooth, the round platforms on the two sides of the round hole increase the vertical height of the round hole, so that the front wheel assembly can stably hold and is convenient to open the locking screw holes, and the locking screws are used for locking and fixing the vertical shaft sleeves of the front wheel assembly. The supporting transverse supporting head is not needed when unfolded for sprinkling, and the pipe head can be supported for standby after being folded. The supporting transverse supporting head is internally provided with a small round hole which is used for installing an upper vertical shaft and a lower vertical shaft of the simple wheel, and the installation of the two simple wheels has two purposes. Secondly, the center of gravity moves forward after being folded, and when the walking chair is pulled, the walking chair is supported on the ground, and the leaning is also prevented. When the cast land is unfolded, the cast land is not used. The vertical connection and the inclined connection of the rotary pipe fittings at the two sides have advantages and disadvantages respectively. The circular bore shunt assembly also has the general purpose of providing a unitary device for securely stabilizing the front half. In the round hole reposition of redundant personnel assembly structure, two rotating pipe spare joints at the outermost are connected perpendicularly or slope is connected, and in the structure after translation watering device is folded, perpendicular connection is suitable, and in the structure of watering, the slope is connected suitably. With which connection can be chosen arbitrarily.
The long pipe tee assembly: the long pipe portion of the long pipe-tee assembly is part of the horizontal spray pipe assembly L. The simple and easy wheel assembly of the books is arranged in the round hole, and the purpose is as follows: when the casting ground is unfolded, the ground is slightly supported, and the spraying main transverse pipe L is balanced. Another object is: when the folding and unfolding are carried out, the whole body loses balance, the support can be carried out, and the rear half part is prevented from tilting. The long tube tee assembly also has the general purpose of firmly stabilizing the integral device of the rear half part after being folded.
The round hole four-way assembly comprises: the water is partially shunted. The circular hole in the center is used for the rear wheel assembly. The round platform increases the vertical height of the round hole, so that the rear wheel assembly is stably supported and is convenient for opening a locking screw hole, and the locking screw is used for locking the vertical shaft sleeve of the rear wheel assembly and positioning the vertical shaft of the rear wheel assembly. The structure of the round hole four-way assembly can also be made into prismatic, elliptic or square center hole, but the vertical shaft is not required to be fixed.
The rotary pipe fitting joint has two kinds of rotary pipe fitting joints, different pipe fitting bodies, same pipe fitting openings, a first type of pipe fitting with a bending shape and a second type of pipe fitting with a straight-through shape, and the functions of the first type of pipe fitting and the second type of pipe fitting are the same during use. The two ends of the pipe fitting body are manufactured separately and must be matched for use. A pipe fitting port feature, the external thread: the steel pipe mouth can also be welded with an internal wire joint to be connected with the pipe mouth, but a locking nut is necessary. The use method of the inner screw thread is that the steel pipe opening is additionally welded with an outer screw thread joint, the steel pipe cannot be threaded, the pipe fitting opening and the steel pipe opening can be firmly connected by the screw thread, but the steel pipe opening is required to be additionally provided with a positioning locking screw. The polishing barrel is formed by processing a pipe fitting opening, and the using method comprises the steps of inserting a steel pipe opening into the pipe fitting opening, bonding the steel pipe and the pipe fitting opening together by using strong glue, or sleeving a pressing ring on the steel pipe and the pipe fitting opening to enable the steel pipe and the pipe fitting opening to be firmly connected. The positioning groove is formed by processing the pipe fitting opening into a plurality of grooves, the using method is that the steel pipe opening is sleeved on the pipe fitting opening and heated, and the steel pipe opening is deformed and clamped in the groove by a special tool, so that the steel pipe is firmly connected with the pipe fitting. The positioning screw hole is formed by drilling a plurality of screw holes at the opening of the pipe fitting, and the using method is that the screw holes are used for compressing and positioning, so that the pipe fitting and the opening of the steel pipe are firmly connected in a fixed position, and the steel pipe needs angle positioning sometimes; the hot pressing method is that the steel pipe mouth is heated firstly and inserted into the mouth of the pipe fitting, and the steel pipe mouth can be firmly connected after being cooled. The above methods may be combined and used. The other connecting method of the external screw thread is that the external screw thread is provided with a positioning step and a screw pressing cover, a lining or two semicircular linings are arranged in the screw pressing cover, the pipe orifice of the stainless steel pipe is firstly flanged and inserted into the step of the pipe fitting orifice, and the screw pressing cover is screwed to ensure that the steel pipe is firmly connected with the pipe fitting orifice;
the device comprises a circular hole flow dividing assembly, a circular hole four-way assembly, a long pipe three-way assembly and a rotary pipe fitting joint. The structure is an assembly of a plurality of traditional pipe fittings or a plurality of traditional pipe fittings and pipe fittings or pipelines, although the production and processing difficulty is larger, compared with single production and processing, the connection is much easier, and the pipe fittings or pipelines have the same function or larger function and have the characteristics of stability and firmness.
The front wheel assembly: the locking screw on the circular truncated cone of the central hole of the circular hole shunt assembly can lock the vertical shaft sleeve, and the vertical shaft sleeve has a supporting function on the vertical shaft. When the bicycle is folded and pulled to walk, the locking screw of the lantern ring at the bottommost side of the vertical shaft is loosened, the vertical shaft can rotate left and right, and the front wheel freely rotates in the direction. When the pouring land is unfolded, the locking screw of the lantern ring at the bottommost edge of the vertical shaft is locked, and the forward direction of the front wheel can be controlled by manually or remotely controlling the deflection angle of the long handle. The vertical shaft is arranged in the vertical shaft sleeve, can slide up and down, is controlled by the information of the horizontal sensor, can adjust the rotation of the motor, and achieves the purpose of intelligently adjusting the height of the front wheel, and the hand wheel adjusts the height of the front wheel according to the condition.
The height of intelligent adjustment front wheel, concrete structure is: the wheel fork is arranged outside the front wheel and firmly connected with the upper vertical shaft and the lower vertical shaft, the vertical shaft is made of a steel pipe, an adjusting long screw is arranged in the vertical shaft, an adjusting screw hole is formed in the upper end of the vertical shaft, the adjusting long screw can rotate in the adjusting screw hole to adjust the height of the front wheel, a height adjusting hand wheel and a height adjusting motor are arranged at the upper top end of the adjusting long screw, the adjusting long screw is firmly connected with the adjusting hand wheel and the adjusting motor, the adjusting motor can intelligently adjust the rotating long screw of the motor by sensing information of the ground height transmitted by the level sensor to adjust the height of the front wheel, and the hand wheel can also adjust the height of the long screw.
The rear wheel assembly: the locking screw of the central hole of the round hole four-way assembly can not only lock the vertical shaft sleeve, but also circumferentially position the vertical shaft inside, and the long hole on the side surface of the vertical shaft not only circumferentially positions the vertical shaft, but also enables the vertical shaft to slide up and down, so that the height adjustment is not influenced. The inclined pull rope is used for pulling the middle and two sides of the main transverse pipe of the horizontal-moving sprinkler to prevent sagging. The transverse handle at the upper end of the vertical shaft sleeve is used for enabling the fulcrum of the inclined pull rope and the central point of the rotary pipe fitting joint at two sides of the round hole four-way joint to be vertical up and down, and the purpose is to enable the circumference half-diameter to be equal and can be pulled in the unfolding and folding processes of the inclined pull rope. It can be seen that the vertical shaft sleeve of the rear wheel is not only a supporting mechanism of the internal vertical shaft, but also a supporting mechanism of the inclined pull rope.
Simple and easy wheel assembly, simple structure, its function is: the two sides of the flow dividing assembly are arranged to prevent the water from falling down when the water is folded or walking after being folded, and the water is not used when the water is poured. The simple wheel assembly is arranged in the center of the long pipe three-way assembly and is used for slightly supporting the ground when the long pipe three-way assembly is unfolded to cast the ground and balancing the spraying main transverse pipe. When the walking is carried out after being folded, the walking stick is fixed on the upper edge without use.
The folding method is the same as that shown in the attached figures 21 and 22, except that the widths of the circular hole shunt assemblies are different, the rotating pipe fittings at two sides of the shunt assemblies are vertically or obliquely connected, the water diversion vertexes of the circular hole shunt assemblies are circular arc-shaped, trapezoidal, triangular or square, the central hole of each square hole four-way is a circular hole, a square hole, a prism or an ellipse, and the folding method is the same as that of the circular hole shunt assemblies. Folding function is the utility model discloses core structure waters the ground effect and is good again, if can not fold, just can't move and deposit. The folding process, the actual operation is still more easy than the language continuation, folding and folding method are also the utility model discloses the main and closing of watering lorry construct with a part of the core, "round hole reposition of redundant personnel assembly", "long tube tee bend assembly", "round hole cross assembly" and "rotatory pipe fitting connects" design and manufacture, also for this kind of better folding.
The folding structure is as follows: respectively disconnecting the rotary pipe fittings joints on two sides of the long pipe three-way assembly, which are connected with the horizontal spraying pipe or the horizontal spraying sleeve; respectively rotating the spraying horizontal pipes at two sides towards the direction of the inclined diversion water pipe by taking the other ends as axes, if the spraying horizontal pipes are retracted, rotating the spraying horizontal pipes and enabling the spraying horizontal pipes or the spraying horizontal pipes to be close to the inclined diversion water pipes, and then retracting the inclined diversion water pipes at two sides to rotate towards the middle, so that the rotating joints at one ends of the spraying horizontal pipes or the spraying horizontal pipes are connected with the corresponding joints of the diversion assemblies in a superposition manner; the two outermost spraying horizontal sleeves are all retracted to rotate and approach to the inclined diversion water pipes on two sides, the empty end is placed on the supporting horizontal supporting heads on two sides of the diversion assembly, L1, L2 and S1 are gradually retracted in the folding process, the front part is fixed into a whole by the circular hole diversion assembly, the rear part is fixed into a whole by the long pipe tee, and the front part and the rear part are combined into a plane whole. The joints of the rotating pipe fittings at two sides of the flow distribution assembly are vertically or obliquely connected, the water distribution vertex of the circular hole flow distribution assembly is arc-shaped, or trapezoidal, or triangular, or square, the center hole of the square hole four-way is a circular hole, a square hole, a prism or an ellipse, the folding method is the same as that of the square hole four-way, and the specific folding structure is the same as that of the square hole four-way.
The overall structure and the sealing ring structure of the stainless steel telescopic pipe can be seen in fig. 24, 25, 26 and 27, and the stainless steel telescopic pipe is formed by sleeving several stainless steel pipes with increasing or decreasing diameters, wherein the increasing diameters are arranged in an increasing manner from inside to outside, and the decreasing diameters are arranged in a decreasing manner from outside to inside. One end of each steel pipe is provided with a sealing ring device, and the pipe tail at the other end is retracted inwards or outwards, so that the inner and outer steel pipes can be pulled out or retracted without water leakage or falling off. The purpose of assembling the sealing ring device is to prevent water from flowing outwards when in use, the pipe tail at the other end is retracted inwards or outwards, the steel pipe is prevented from falling off when being elongated, if the sealing ring is arranged outside the inner-layer steel pipe, the pipe opening of the outer-layer steel pipe is retracted inwards, and if the sealing ring is arranged inside the outer-layer steel pipe, the pipe opening of the inner-layer steel pipe is extended outwards. The connection structure is that the inner layer pipe or the outer layer pipe is outwards or inwards bulged into a groove, the sealing ring is placed inside, the outer layer pipe or the inner layer pipe is sleeved, the micro-vibration device is used for playing a role in buffering, when the stainless steel telescopic pipeline is compressed, the speed is very low and is similar to a semi-static state, when the stainless steel telescopic pipeline is compressed, the pressure of water and the friction resistance of the pipeline wall are overcome at times, static inertia potential energy power is also overcome, the micro-vibration device is installed, the resistance is dispersed and uniform, the static inertia potential energy is eliminated, one end of the stainless steel telescopic pipeline, which is provided with the sealing ring, is always in a dynamic state, the static inertia potential energy is reduced, and the compression of the stainless steel telescopic pipeline is facilitated. The micro-vibration device is composed of a plurality of micro-vibrators, which are symmetrically or uniformly arranged in a sealed annular inner cavity to prevent water leakage, and a device with the annular inner cavity is sleeved at one end of the stainless steel telescopic pipeline, which is provided with the sealing ring device, so that the periphery of one end of the stainless steel telescopic pipeline, which is provided with the sealing ring device, is symmetrically or uniformly vibrated.
There are two methods for the manual driving, one is: the manual direct drive drives the front wheel to rotate through the speed reducer, and drives the translational sprinkling device to move forwards. The other is as follows: the mechanical driving component is used for driving, a spring of the mechanical driving component is manually compressed in a short time, the device can be driven to move forwards in a long time, and the mechanical driving component is manufactured according to the principle of a mechanical clock. The heat engine drive is that the micro heat engine replaces a solar battery and a storage battery.
The corrugated pipe has the characteristics of bending and no dead fold, and when the stainless steel telescopic pipeline is not arranged, the corrugated pipe is manually bent and moved to drive the translation water sprinkling device to move forwards. Corrugated pipes are available in the market and can be customized by manufacturers.
The solar cell solar photovoltaic panel can also adjust the angle, namely the photovoltaic panel of the solar cell is fixed on an annular bracket and can rotate circumferentially. The controllable speed regulating motor is arranged on the upper side or the lower side, the upper side is provided with a small driving winding wheel, and the lower side is provided with a front driving wheel.
The solar energy electric or battery storage battery drives the front wheel, the front wheel shaft is provided with the speed-regulating direct current motor, the solar battery is arranged on the front wheel and can directly drive the speed-regulating direct current motor to operate to drive the translational sprinkling device to walk, and the solar energy electric or battery storage battery is a direct current motor, does not need to be provided with an inverter, can be manually controlled or automatically controlled and remotely controlled because of the speed-regulating motor.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a translation watering irrigation machine, its technical scheme includes: the translation watering device that can drive the walking, flexible pipeline of stainless steel or bellows, solar cell or battery, power drive system or pull traveling system to and manual drive and control system, characterized by: the water inlet of the translation watering device is connected with one end of a stainless steel telescopic pipeline or a corrugated pipe, the other end of the stainless steel telescopic pipeline or the corrugated pipe is connected with a water conveying belt, a solar battery or a storage battery is placed on the front upper edge of the translation watering device, a front wheel of the translation watering device is driven, or a small winding wheel is driven to wind a thin rope to pull the translation watering device to walk forwards, the speed of walking forwards can be manually controlled, automatic control and remote control are achieved, manual driving can be achieved under the condition that a power supply does not exist, or manual driving assembly driving is achieved, or heat engine driving is achieved, folding can be achieved when the water conveying device is not used, moving and storage are facilitated, and under the condition, the water conveying device can also be driven by a 220V alternating current power supply.
2. The translational sprinkler irrigation machine as recited in claim 1, further characterized by: the translational sprinkling device is formed by cutting stainless steel pipes with different diameters into different lengths and connecting a round hole flow dividing assembly, a long pipe three-way assembly, a round hole four-way assembly and a rotary pipe fitting joint; which comprises the following steps: the device comprises a Z-shaped bent pipeline, a water inlet switch, a water pressure sensor, a miniature variable frequency pipeline pump, a filter, a controllable water pressure gauge, an inclined shunt water pipeline, a vertical shunt water pipeline, a water pipe bundle joint, a head, a spray transverse pipe, a spray transverse sleeve, a water delivery short pipe, a spray small transverse pipe, a solar cell or a storage battery, a speed regulation controllable motor, a small winding wheel and a traction thin rope; the structure is as follows: the Z-shaped bent pipeline is arranged in front of the water inlet switch, the water inlet switch is arranged at the water inlet, the water pressure sensor, the miniature variable frequency pipeline pump and the filter are sequentially arranged behind the water inlet switch, and the controllable water pressure gauge is arranged at the diversion vertex of the circular hole diversion assembly; the circular hole shunting assembly is characterized in that two outermost rotary joints are respectively communicated with two outermost inclined shunting water pipelines, the two inclined shunting water pipelines are formed by sleeving two or three sections of stainless steel pipes with different diameters together and are provided with water pipe bundle joints, a fixed joint in the middle of the circular hole shunting assembly is communicated with a shunting water pipeline in the middle of the circular hole shunting assembly, one ends of the other two rotary joints are not filled with water, and the other ends of the other rotary joints are folded to be connected with a corresponding pipe joint for later use; in the horizontal spraying pipes, two horizontal spraying pipes at the inner side and two horizontal spraying pipes at the outer side are respectively connected together by two round hole four-way assemblies, and are connected with the pipeline part of the long pipe three-way assembly into a straight line and are transversely arranged to form a horizontal spraying pipe assembly; the two small sprinkling transverse pipes are respectively arranged at the rear sides of the two round hole four-way assemblies, are parallel to the sprinkling general transverse pipe and are respectively communicated with the two small sprinkling transverse pipes through two short water conveying pipes; the spraying transverse pipes, the spraying transverse sleeve pipes, the pipeline part of the long pipe tee joint assembly and the spraying small transverse pipes at the back are respectively drilled with a plurality of rows of small holes in the forward, backward, downward and forward and backward parabola directions; three walking wheel assemblies are arranged below the translational sprinkling device, the wheels are downward and distributed in a triangular shape and comprise a front wheel assembly and two rear wheel assemblies, one of the front wheel assemblies is arranged in a central circular hole of the circular hole shunting assembly, the two rear wheel assemblies are respectively arranged in central circular holes of the two circular hole four-way assemblies, vertical shaft sleeves of the front and rear walking wheel assemblies can be locked by screwing each locking screw, hand wheels are respectively rotated, and the height of each walking wheel can be adjusted; in the front wheel assembly, according to the performance of the front wheel assembly, the front wheel assembly has a guiding function and an anti-skid function on the ground, and the height of the front wheel is intelligently adjusted; in the rear wheel assembly, the rear wheel assembly can be moved, positioned front and back according to the performance of the rear wheel assembly, controlled by a locking screw and capable of enabling a vertical shaft in a vertical shaft sleeve of the rear wheel to slide up and down; a transverse handle is arranged outside the top of the vertical shaft sleeve of the rear wheel assembly, and two ends of the transverse handle are respectively provided with an inclined pull rope for pulling the middle and two sides of a main transverse pipe of the horizontal-moving watering device to prevent sagging; in addition, three simple wheel assemblies are also arranged, wherein one simple wheel assembly is arranged in a central circular hole of the long pipe three-way assembly, the other two simple wheel assemblies are respectively arranged in circular holes at two sides of the circular hole flow dividing assembly, and the three simple wheel assemblies can be fixed up, down and fixed; the solar cell or the storage battery is arranged on the front upper edge of the translational sprinkling structure device, and a photovoltaic panel of the solar cell can deflect along with the movement of the sun; the controllable speed-regulating motor is arranged at the front upper edge or the front lower edge of the translational sprinkling device, the front wheel of the translational sprinkling device can be driven to move forwards through the speed reducing mechanism at the lower edge, and the small winding wheel can be driven to wind the thin steel wire rope to pull the translational sprinkling device to move forwards at the upper edge; under the condition of no power supply, the front wheel of the translational sprinkler is driven by a manual direct drive or a manual drive assembly to drive the translational sprinkler to move forwards, or a micro heat engine is used for replacing a solar battery or a storage battery to be used as power drive;
the horizontal sprinkling pipe can also be designed into a horizontal sprinkling sleeve;
the translational sprinkling device is provided with a small hole in front of the micro pipeline pump and can be provided with a liquid or soluble fertilizer adding device;
the transverse width of the spraying transverse pipe can be adjusted within a certain range by the spraying main transverse pipe;
the horizontal spraying pipe and the horizontal spraying sleeve are also provided with a plurality of water shutoff clamping devices;
the round hole shunting assembly is structurally characterized in that: the split flow top of the round hole split flow assembly is in a trapezoidal state or an arc state, a round hole penetrates through two sides of the cross center of the central cross water pipeline, water delivery is not influenced around the round hole, but the round hole does not leak water, the central threading direction of the round hole is vertical to the integral plane of the round hole split flow assembly, round tables are respectively arranged on two sides of the round hole, a screw hole is formed in the side surface of one round table, a locking screw is arranged in the screw hole, a front wheel assembly can be arranged in the round hole, and the round hole can be fixed by the locking screw; a transverse pipe is arranged below one side of the transverse pipe, one end of four rotary pipe fittings is arranged on the outer side of the transverse pipe in the same direction and can be matched with the other end of the rotary pipe fittings for use, the two rotary pipe fittings on the outermost sides of the two sides are obliquely or vertically connected, the two rotary pipe fittings on the inner sides of the two sides are adapter fittings, water is not supplied when the transverse pipe is unfolded for sprinkling, and the adapter fittings are folded for standby; a fixed joint is arranged in the middle of the pipe fitting, and the direction of the fixed joint for connecting the steel pipe, the rotating direction of the rotating pipe fitting joint and the integral plane of the shunt assembly are in the same plane or parallel; the two sides of the round hole shunting assembly are respectively provided with a supporting transverse supporting head, water is not supplied, the supporting transverse supporting head is not used when the device is unfolded for sprinkling, the tube head can be supported for standby after being folded, the inner side of each supporting transverse supporting head is provided with a round hole, the central threading direction of the round hole is the same as the central threading direction of the round hole at the cross position of the cross water pipeline, the side surface of the round hole is provided with a screw hole, a locking screw is arranged in the screw hole, a vertical shaft of the simple wheel can be installed in the round hole, and the locking screw in the screw hole can enable the vertical shaft of the simple wheel; the flow-dividing vertex of the circular hole flow-dividing assembly is in a triangular state or a square state;
the long pipe tee joint assembly is structurally characterized in that: a small round hole penetrates through two sides of a traditional tee joint, water delivery is not influenced around the round hole, but water is not leaked through the round hole, and a simple wheel assembly can be arranged in the round hole; the two ends of the round hole are respectively provided with a round table, the side surface of the round table on one side is provided with a screw hole, a locking screw is arranged in the screw hole, the upper vertical shaft and the lower vertical shaft of the simple wheel can be locked by screwing the locking screw, and the vertical shafts can be fixed up, down and up; the two corresponding ends of the tee joint are respectively connected with a section of long pipeline, the outer ends of the two sections of long pipelines are respectively provided with one end of a rotary pipe fitting joint and can be matched with the other end of the rotary pipe fitting joint for use, and the rotating angles of the rotary pipe fitting joints at the two ends are on the same plane, can rotate and can be positioned; the middle part is provided with a fixed joint, and the direction of the fixed joint for connecting the steel pipe and the rotating plane of the rotating pipe fitting joint are in the same plane or parallel and are vertical to the direction of the central circular hole;
the round hole four-way assembly is structurally characterized in that: the center of the traditional four-way joint is provided with a round hole which penetrates through two sides of the four-way joint, the periphery of the round hole does not influence water delivery, but the round hole does not leak water delivery, the central threading direction of the round hole is vertical to the whole plane of the four-way joint, two ends of the round hole are respectively provided with a round platform, the side surface of the round platform on one side is provided with a screw hole, a locking screw is arranged in the screw hole, and a rear wheel assembly can be mounted in the round hole and can be fixed by the locking screw; the four ends of the four-way joint are respectively provided with one end of a rotary pipe fitting joint and can be matched with the other end of the rotary pipe fitting joint for use, and the rotary pipe fitting joints at the four ends of the round hole four-way joint can rotate and can be positioned; the direction of the whole plane of the round hole four-way assembly and the rotating direction of the rotating pipe fitting joints at the four ends are on the same plane or parallel; the center hole of the round hole four-way assembly can be changed into a square hole, a prismatic hole or an elliptical hole, so that the rear travelling wheel can walk in a front-back direction;
the rotary pipe fitting joint is structurally characterized in that: the pipe fitting joint is divided into two parts which are bent or straight-through, two pipe fitting bodies of the pipe fitting joint are separately combined and are in staggered connection, a joint is provided with a cross round surface, the cross round surface is provided with a convex-concave positioning step, the two convex-concave cross round surfaces are overlapped, the connecting structures of the two parts are respectively provided with a through hole, a bolt is penetrated in the through holes to connect the two ends of the pipe fitting bodies together, the two parts of the pipe fitting bodies are positioned by the convex-concave steps by taking the bolt as an axis, and can rotate in a staggered way and also can be positioned on the same plane; the tops of the two pipe fitting bodies are in an arc state or a trapezoid state; the overlapped part of the circular surfaces of the two intersection openings is provided with a positioning pin and a sealing gasket, the positioning of the convex-concave step refers to the positioning of a rotating plane, the positioning of the pin refers to the positioning of a rotating angle, and the two parts of the pipe fitting body of the pipe fitting joint are manufactured separately but need to be matched for use; the rotary pipe fitting joint is: the combined components of the circular tube shunt assembly, the circular hole four-way assembly and the long tube three-way assembly can also be used independently; the rotary pipe fitting joint is a pipe fitting joint which changes the connection between the steel pipe and the steel pipe from the connection of a transverse section to the connection of a longitudinal section and can rotate, and is a key component which can be unfolded and folded by the translational sprinkling irrigation machine; the connection between the pipe fitting opening of the pipe fitting and the steel pipe has a plurality of connection methods: the outer screw thread, the inner screw thread, the smooth barrel, the positioning groove, the positioning pressing screw hole or the hot pressing connection are arranged; or a combination of the above methods; still another connection method is: the external screw thread is provided with a positioning step and a screw pressing cover, a lining is arranged in the screw pressing cover, and the screw pressing cover is screwed and tightly pressed to ensure that the opening of the pipe fitting is firmly connected with the steel pipe;
the front wheel assembly structurally comprises: the wheel fork is arranged outside the front wheel and firmly connected with the upper vertical shaft and the lower vertical shaft, the vertical shaft is made of a steel pipe, an adjusting long screw is arranged in the vertical shaft, an adjusting screw hole is formed in the upper end of the vertical shaft, the adjusting long screw can rotate in the adjusting screw hole to adjust the height of the front wheel, a height adjusting hand wheel and a height adjusting motor are arranged at the upper top end of the adjusting long screw, the adjusting long screw is firmly connected with the adjusting hand wheel and the adjusting motor, the adjusting motor can intelligently adjust the rotation of the motor by sensing information of the ground height transmitted by a horizontal sensor, the rotation of the adjusting long screw can intelligently adjust the height of the upper part and the lower part of the front wheel, and the height of the upper part and the lower part of the front wheel; a sleeve ring is arranged below the vertical shaft, a long handle is arranged on the outer side of the sleeve ring and horizontally connected with the sleeve ring, an adjusting long screw is arranged at the outer end of the long handle, and the rotation of the long screw can be manually or remotely controlled, so that the deflection angle of the long handle can be adjusted, and the advancing direction of the front wheel can be changed; a vertical shaft sleeve is arranged outside the vertical shaft, a locking positioning hole is formed in the side face of the vertical shaft sleeve, the vertical shaft sleeve is locked in a central circular hole of the flow dividing assembly, a positioning groove for adjusting a long screw is formed in the upper end opening of the vertical shaft sleeve, the vertical shaft sleeve supports the vertical shaft, the height of a front wheel can be adjusted up and down, and the tire of the front wheel needs to have an anti-skidding function in a ground contact manner;
the rear wheel assembly structurally comprises: a wheel fork is arranged outside the rear wheel and firmly connected with the upper vertical shaft and the lower vertical shaft, the vertical shaft is made of a steel pipe, an adjusting long screw is arranged in the vertical shaft, an adjusting screw hole is formed in the upper end of the vertical shaft, a hand wheel is arranged at the upper top end of the adjusting long screw, the adjusting long screw is firmly connected with the hand wheel, the long screw is adjusted by linkage of rotating the hand wheel, the long screw rotates in the adjusting screw hole, and the upper height and the lower height of the rear wheel can be adjusted; the side surface of the vertical shaft is provided with a long hole, the long hole is the same as the adjustment length of the adjustment long screw, a vertical shaft sleeve is arranged outside the vertical shaft, and the upper end of the vertical shaft sleeve is provided with an adjustment long screw positioning groove; the rear wheel vertical shaft is positioned in the vertical shaft sleeve by the locking screw, not only can slide up and down, but also can make the rear wheel travel and position circumferentially; the chips are provided with a transverse handle outside the upper end of the vertical shaft sleeve, the length of the transverse handle is equal to the central distance of rotary pipe fittings joints at two corresponding ends in the round hole four-way assembly, two ends of the transverse handle are provided with oblique pull ropes, and the vertical shaft sleeve can support a vertical shaft and can also be used as a small supporting column;
the simple wheel assembly is structurally characterized in that: the wheel fork is firmly connected with the upper vertical shaft and the lower vertical shaft, and the material can be selected from materials with light specific gravity and high mechanical strength.
3. The translational sprinkler irrigation machine as recited in claim 1, further characterized by: the stainless steel telescopic pipeline is formed by sleeving a plurality of stainless steel pipes with gradually increased or decreased diameters together, one end of each steel pipe is provided with a sealing ring device, and the pipe tail at the other end is retracted inwards or outwards, so that the inner and outer steel pipes can be pulled out or retracted without water leakage and falling off; the micro-vibration device is arranged at one end of the sealing ring assembling device, and the periphery of the micro-vibration device is symmetrically and uniformly micro-vibrated, so that one end of the sealing ring of the stainless steel telescopic pipeline is always in a dynamic state, and the static inertia potential energy is reduced.
4. The translational sprinkler irrigation machine as recited in claim 1, further characterized by: the first type of the power driving system and the traction walking system is that a solar cell or a storage battery drives a small winding wheel, the small winding wheel is wound on one end of a thin rope, the other end of the thin rope is fixed at a plurality of meters right in front of the plane sprinkling structure, and a motor drives the small winding wheel to wind the thin rope and pulls the translation sprinkling device to walk forwards; the other type is that the controllable speed regulating motor directly drives the front wheel of the translational sprinkling device through the speed reducer to pull the translational sprinkling device to move forwards, and the front wheel assembly has the guiding function and the ground anti-skidding function; the solar cell or the storage battery is arranged on the front upper edge of the plane sprinkling structure, and the solar cell can rotate by an angle along with the direction of the sun.
5. The translational sprinkler irrigation machine as recited in claim 1, further characterized by: the manual driving system has two modes, one mode is that a front wheel is directly driven by a manual worker through a speed reducer to drive the translational watering device to move forwards; the other is that a manual driving assembly is used for driving a front wheel to drive the translational watering device to move forwards, so that the effects of strong stress application in a short time and slow release are achieved, and the power of moving forwards is low; the heat engine drive is as follows: the micro heat engine replaces a solar cell or a storage battery, and the walking control can be controlled manually, automatically and remotely; when 220V AC power supply exists, the motor can be driven by the 220V AC power supply.
CN201920124707.1U 2019-01-16 2019-01-16 Translational sprinkling irrigation machine Active CN210695343U (en)

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