CN207948434U - Intelligent folding casting machine - Google PatentsIntelligent folding casting machine Download PDF
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- CN207948434U CN207948434U CN201721676557.2U CN201721676557U CN207948434U CN 207948434 U CN207948434 U CN 207948434U CN 201721676557 U CN201721676557 U CN 201721676557U CN 207948434 U CN207948434 U CN 207948434U
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- 238000005266 casting Methods 0.000 title claims description 9
- 229910001220 stainless steel Inorganic materials 0.000 claims abstract description 40
- 239000010935 stainless steel Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 40
- 229910000831 Steel Inorganic materials 0.000 claims description 26
- 239000010959 steel Substances 0.000 claims description 26
- 239000007921 spray Substances 0.000 claims description 21
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 claims description 15
- 238000005096 rolling process Methods 0.000 claims description 12
- 238000003825 pressing Methods 0.000 claims description 11
- 238000007789 sealing Methods 0.000 claims description 11
- 210000001503 Joints Anatomy 0.000 claims description 9
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- 230000001105 regulatory Effects 0.000 claims description 9
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- 210000003128 Head Anatomy 0.000 claims description 7
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- 241000196324 Embryophyta Species 0.000 claims 1
- 240000007594 Oryza sativa Species 0.000 claims 1
- 235000007164 Oryza sativa Nutrition 0.000 claims 1
- 235000009566 rice Nutrition 0.000 claims 1
- 238000003973 irrigation Methods 0.000 abstract description 5
- 230000002262 irrigation Effects 0.000 abstract description 5
- 238000010586 diagram Methods 0.000 description 13
- 238000005507 spraying Methods 0.000 description 4
- 238000007665 sagging Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000008234 soft water Substances 0.000 description 2
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- A—HUMAN NECESSITIES
- A01—AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
- A01G—HORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
- A01G25/00—Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
- A01G25/09—Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like
- Y—GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
- Y02—TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
- Y02P—CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
- Y02P60/00—Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
- Y02P60/12—Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
The utility model is related to a kind of intelligent folding irrigation device, include connected into stainless steel tube plane watering connect structure, powered traction system, stainless steel telescopic pipes and solar energy power source apparatus and multifunctional intellectual regulator control system, it is characterized in that：The water inlet of plane watering structure is connected with one end of stainless steel telescopic pipes, the other end of stainless steel telescopic pipes is connected with water source, traction power is fixedly mounted on the front end of plane watering structure or is fixed at several meters of the front of watering device, the sprinkling transverse tube of plane watering structure bores multiple rows of aperture, and it can walk forward under the traction of power, the speed that plane watering structure is walked forward can be controlled, remote control with people, under automatic or manual driving, slowly walk forward.Heat engine can also be used as power drive, plane watering structure can also fold.
The utility model intelligent folding casting machine is to belong to agricultural mechanical field.
Current existing drought resisting is irrigated the fields there are many kinds of equipment, for example, big machinery traction watering appliance, be suitble to large area Farmland uses, and the watering appliance of agricultural carriage traction is easy to grind to crops steps on, and it is circumference high pressure that high-pressure sprinkler equipment, which is irrigated the fields, Injection, it is not energy-efficient, it is uneven, there is dead angle, have overlapping, and divert trouble, trickle irrigation is practically applicable to throughout the year rainless area.China is The country of water shortage, the poor ridge of water resource, broad irrigation does not meet China's actual conditions, and reduces ground temperature, and inconvenient farming delays Pingzhuang and sows life Long, also not energy-efficient etc., these drought resistings equipment of irrigating the fields is unsuitable for the present situation in rural area now, is not also used more widely generally, The Responsibility System of Land Contract of Chinese countryside implementation now, the independent cultivation management of land structures single household, plot are wide such as striped cloth Spend more than ten meters to more than 20 meters most commonly seen.Rural area drought resisting at present irrigates the fields and largely still uses original method of irrigating the fields, Water is extracted out from well, is sent in field by soft water band, and peasant has pipe head in arms and sprays on the spot, so not science, not energy-efficient, wave Water wasting resource, manual labor is big, and flow concentrate, impulse force is big, ooze ground the time it is short, impermeable, hollow local water is oozed in high place It is very deep.Seedling crops is buried by water punching, and high bar crops is washed upside down by water.
According to China's present situation and weather arid uncertain factor, this equipment provides a kind of utility model intelligent folding pouring Machine, being suitble to China, partly band dry land Pingzhuang sows popularity use, and simple in structure, non-corrosive, and not aging, cost is again low, Peasant is easy to receive.
The utility model intelligent folding casting machine, technical solution include：Plane sprinkle water structure, stainless steel telescopic pipes or Bellows, solar cell or accumulator and running gear, control system.It is characterized in that：The water inlet of plane watering structure It is connected with one end of stainless steel telescopic pipes or bellows, the other end and water source of stainless steel telescoping tube or bellows or water delivery Band is connected, and solar cell or accumulator are placed on the preceding top of plane watering structure, the front-wheel of driving plane watering structure, or Person drives small rolling wheel circumvolution to walk forward around thin cord traction plane watering structure, the speed energy manual control walked forward, from Dynamic control, can also be remotely controlled, in the absence of a power supply, be driven by manual drive or with heat engine, it is also foldable when not used, just In moving and store.
The plane watering structure, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2：It is that equal stainless steel tube is not cut into different length by diameter, The planar structure connected into the assembly or pipe fitting of various pipe fittings and pipe fitting and the assembly of pipeline, including：S-shaped is curved Pipe T, water pressure sensor F, micro-tube pump P, filter G, controllable water pressure gauge Y, tilt shunting aqueduct S1, vertical shunting Aqueduct S2, festoon connector J, sprinkling transverse tube L1, sprinkling horizontal casing L2, water delivery short tube H, spray small transverse tube L3, and shunting is total At A, square hole four-way B, long tube threeway C, solar cell or accumulator M, speed governing controllable motor D, small rolling wheel and oblique pull cord Rope W.It is characterized in that：S-shaped bend pipe T is mounted on the front of water inlet switch, and water inlet switch K1, K2 are mounted on water inlet, water pressure Sensor F, micro-tube pump P, and filter G is sequentially arranged at behind water inlet switch K1, K2, and controllable water pressure gauge, which is mounted on, to be divided Flow the shunting apex of assembly.Water reduces hydraulic pressure, shunts assembly A, two rotary joints of ragged edge by shunting assembly shunting It tilts shunting aqueduct S1 with two of ragged edge respectively to connect, the inclination shunting aqueduct S1 on both sides is by two sections or three The not equal stainless steel tube of section diameter is nested together, and festoon connector J is housed, the anchor tip of the middles shunting assembly A and just Shunting aqueduct S2 between electricity is connected, other two rotary joint not water flowing, spare, the sprinkling transverse tube L1 of the inside two when folding With the horizontal casing L2 of sprinkling of outside two respectively by two square hole four-way B, link together, and with the pipe section of long tube threeway C Divide connection in alignment, transversely arranged composition sprays total transverse tube L, and two small transverse tube L3 of sprinkling are separately mounted to two square holes four The back of logical B, it is parallel with total transverse tube L is sprayed, and communicated therewith respectively by two water delivery short tube H.Transverse tube L1 is sprayed, horizontal set is sprayed Pipe L2, (including inner and outer tubes), the pipe section of long tube threeway C and the small transverse tube L3 of subsequent sprinkling, respectively forwardly, to Afterwards, similar parabola direction downwards, forwards, backwards is drilled with multiple rows of aperture.Plane is sprinkled water, and there are three light walkings for the installation of structure lower section Wheel includes a front-wheel O1 and two trailing wheel O2, is directed downward, distribution triangular in shape, and front-wheel O1 is mounted in shunting assembly A In heart circular hole, two trailing wheel O2 are separately mounted in the center square hole of two square hole four-way B, and three light traveling wheels can be adjusted respectively Whole respective height, and front-wheel is also equipped with adjustment level device Z, guider of walking, over the ground anti-skid device, trailing wheel The front and back orientation of walking, plane sprinkle water the installation of structure top there are two post R is supported, are also respectively installed at two square hole four-way B Center square hole in, direction upward, and is sprinkled water structure vertical with plane, and is each provided with two oblique pull thin cords.Solar energy Battery or accumulator M are mounted on the preceding top of plane watering structure, and the photovoltaic panel of solar cell is inclined with the mobile energy of the sun Gyration is equipped with controllable variable-speed motor, plane can driven to sprinkle water below in the preceding top of plane watering structure or below The front-wheel of structure is walked forward, or rouleau wheel winding seizing wire is being driven to walk forward below, is not having the case where power supply Under, by manual drive plane sprinkle water structure front-wheel drive plane watering structure walk forward, or use miniature heat engine as move Power drive.
The sprinkling transverse tube L1 can also be designed to spray horizontal casing, such as attached drawing 3, attached drawing 4.
An aperture is opened in the front that the plane watering structure pumps P in micro-tube can also install addition liquid or solubilityization Fertile device.
The width that the total transverse tube L of sprinkling can adjust sprinkling transverse tube in a certain range hides.
It is further equipped with several water blockoff clamp devices E on the sprinkling transverse tube L1 and the horizontal casing L2 of sprinkling.
The traveling wheel, can also install a traveling wheel again at the central point O of long tube threeway C becomes four traveling wheels.
The assembly of pipeline and pipe fitting includes the assembly of the pipe fitting and pipe fitting in other words：Shunt assembly, square hole four-way, Long tube threeway and rotary joint and provisioned silk pressing lid.
The shunting assembly, as shown in Fig. 8, Fig. 9,10, Figure 11, it is characterized in that：The shunting vertex for shunting assembly is trapezoidal State or arc-shaped state, central cross waterpipe infall have a circular hole to penetrate both sides, and circular hole surrounding does not influence water delivery, circular hole Also water delivery is not leaked, there is a transverse tube below, there are four one end of rotary joint in transverse tube same direction, and can be another with rotary joint One end fits use, and two rotary joints of both sides ragged edge, which tilt connection or vertical connection, two rotary joints of the inside, is Scoop out connector, not water flowing when expansion watering scoops out that pipe fitting is spare, and there are one anchor tips for middle, shunt assembly after folding Both sides respectively respectively there are one supporting horizontal prop head, when expansion watering, does not have to, after folding can rest tube head it is spare, shunt point of assembly Vertex is flowed, is in either angular shape or square-shaped.
The square hole four-way, as shown in figure 12, it is characterized in that：Traditional positive four-way, center penetrate four there are one square hole Logical both sides, square hole surrounding does not influence water delivery, but square hole does not also leak water delivery, and four ends of four-way are separately installed with one One end of rotary joint, and can be used cooperatively with the other end of rotary joint, the rotation angle of the rotary joint at four ends is same It in plane, can rotate, and can position.The square hole four-way can also change into prismatic hole four-way or slotted eye four-way, or Person is circular hole four-way, it is therefore an objective to make the front and back walking orientation of rear walking wheel.
The long tube threeway, as shown in figure 13, it is characterized in that：One traditional threeway, respectively one section of the connection of corresponding both ends Elongated pipeline, respectively there are one one end of rotary joint respectively at elongated pipeline both ends, and can make with the cooperation of the other end of rotary joint With the rotation angle of the rotary joint at both ends in the same plane, can rotate, and can position, and intermediate there are one fixations to connect Head, there are one circular hole, circular hole outsides can install a support post over the ground on anchor tip opposite, over the ground support post and elongate tube Road right angle setting, and can on, can under, can fix.
The rotary joint, as shown in Figure 14, Figure 15, it is characterized in that：Pipe fitting is divided into two parts composition, in bending or directly Logical shape, pipe fitting both ends Split assembled are cross-linked, and there is disc with one voice in junction, and disc has convex-concave positioning step with one voice, and two is convex Recessed disc with one voice overlaps, and two parts connection structure respectively has perforation, bolt is installed in perforation, pipe fitting both ends are connected together, and manages Part body two parts are using bolt as axle center, the positioning of convex-concave step, in the same plane, can staggeredly rotate, disc overlapping position has with one voice Shop bolt and gasket seal, pipe fitting separately manufacturing, but must be used cooperatively, the positioning of convex-concave step refers to that Plane of rotation is fixed Position, pin positioning refer to rotation angle positioning.Rotary joint be shunt assembly, square hole four-way, long tube threeway combiner, It can be used alone.The pipe fitting mouth it is characterized in that：Male thread has positioning step, and equipped with silk pressing lid, the other spy of pipe fitting mouth Sign is that the pipe fitting mouth structure of the rotary joint is：Male thread or light bucket or positioning groove or positioning compression wire hole or interior Screw thread, or connected with pressure sintering；Or two kinds of structures are used in combination.
The stainless steel telescopic pipes are as shown in Figure 13,14,15,16：Including：Inner tube, outer tube, gasket set, and Microseismic activity device, it is characterized in that：Several increasing diameters or the stainless steel tube for arrangement of successively decreasing, are nested together, and the one of each steel pipe End is equipped with gasket set, and another end pipe tail inside contracts, and either outer include enables outer and inner tube to pull out or retraction, and water-tight, It does not fall off again；Microseismic activity device is mounted on one end of assembly gasket set, and the microseismic activity of surrounding symmetrically and evenly makes stainless steel stretch Sealing ring one end of pipe is in dynamic always, to reduce rest inertia.
There are two types of modes for the running gear, the first is that solar cell or accumulator drive rouleau wheel, small rolling wheel to twine Around one end of thin cord, the other end of thin cord is fixed at several meters of the front of plane watering structure, and motor drives rouleau Wheel winding thin cord, pulls plane watering structure to walk forward；Another kind is that controllable speed regulating motor directly drives plane watering knot The front-wheel of structure pulls plane watering structure to walk forward, and front-wheel must have guide function, over the ground antiskid function, solar cell Or accumulator is placed on the preceding top of plane watering structure, solar cell can be artificial to drive with rotation angle with the direction of the sun Dynamic is to drive front-wheel that plane watering structure is driven to walk forward by speed reducer, and heat engine driving is exactly that miniature heat engine replaces solar energy Battery or accumulator, travelling control are automatically controlled by manual control, also can remote sensing control.
The folding, process and method are：(1) first loosen (not laying down) each position rotary joint fastening screw and Beam connector pulls down the support post over the ground in long tube threeway and contacts and fix with ground；(2) long tube threeway both sides are each turned off With sprinkling transverse tube or the rotary joint of the horizontal casing connection of sprinkling；(3) respectively first the sprinkling transverse tube on both sides using the other end as axis The heart is rotated to shunting water pipe direction is tilted, and is rotated after retraction when horizontal casing if spraying, and shunting aqueduct is close with tilting, then The inclination on both sides is shunted aqueduct retraction to intermediate moving in rotation, makes the rotation of one end of sprinkling transverse tube or the horizontal casing of sprinkling Connector overlaps connection with the connector that scoops out of shunting assembly；(4) the horizontal casing whole retractions rotation of two of ragged edge sprinklings and to The inclination shunting aqueduct on both sides is drawn close, and the empty one end of rotation is put into the horizontal prop head of support on shunting assembly both sides；(5) it lays down The small transverse tube of two sprinklings and water delivery short tube, then two rotary joints of long tube threeway are connected thereto；(6) it is packed up pair after folding Ground support post easily shakes, keeps overall distribution uniform, each rotary joint fastening gong silk and beam connector is tightened, the small cross of sprinkling Pipe and water delivery short tube are put into suitable position, fold and all terminate；While folding process, according to the concrete condition of operation, Loosen or lay down two oblique pull ropes；The operating process of folding can change one after another, still, the connection at each position after folding It is immutable, the first section is fixed on one by shunting assembly, and rear rim portion is fixed on one by long tube threeway, closes to one piece As a plane entirety, when folding, best both sides carried out by several times；It is trapezoidal or arc-shaped to shunt the shunting vertex of assembly, or The connector of rectangular or triangle, shunting assembly both sides is vertical connection or tilts connection, and the centre bore of square hole four-way is rectangular Or round or prismatic, or ellipse, although the priority of folding process is different, the connection type of each component is identical after folding, As shown in Figure 6,7.
Description of the drawings
Shown in attached drawing 1, Fig. 2：It is plane watering structural schematic diagram, K1, K2 are water inlet switch, and F is water pressure sensor, P It is micro-tube pump, G is that filter Y is controllable water pressure gauge, and S1 is that both sides tilt shunting aqueduct, and S2 is intermediate vertical shunting Aqueduct, J are festoon connector, and L1 is sprinkling transverse tube, and L2 is the horizontal casing of sprinkling, and L3 is the small transverse tube of sprinkling, and H is that water delivery is short Pipe, O1 are preceding portable traveling wheels, and O2 is rear light traveling wheel respectively, and R is support post, and A is shunting assembly, and B is two respectively Square hole four-way, C are long tube threeways, and E is the spare water blockoff clamp device for spraying transverse tube.O is the installation point of the 4th traveling wheel, and Z is The adjustment level device of front-wheel top, M are solar cell or accumulator, and D is controllable speed regulating motor, W be small rolling wheel with Thin cord, T are S-shaped swan-necks, and the total transverse tube L of sprinkling is sprinkling transverse tube LI and the horizontal casing L2 and long tube threeway C of sprinkling The general name of proboscis portion.Boldface represents pipe fitting and pipe fitting or the assembly of pipeline.
Shown in attached drawing 3, Fig. 4：With it is essentially identical shown in attached drawing 1, Fig. 2, but transverse tube LI is changed to horizontal casing by transverse tube.
Shown in attached drawing 5：M indicates that solar cell or accumulator, D indicate that controllable speed regulating motor, W indicate small rolling wheel and cord Rope
Attached drawing 6, attached drawing 7 indicate：It is the schematic diagram after two kinds of plane watering structures fold respectively, attached drawing 6 is both ends width Equal, attached drawing 7 is one wide, and other end is narrow.
Shown in attached drawing 8：It is to shunt assembly diagram, trapezoidal state, the both sides tilt of joint connects.Shown in attached drawing 9：It is point Flow assembly diagram, trapezoidal state, two edge connector vertical connections.Shown in attached drawing 10：It is shunting assembly diagram, is arc-shaped State, the both sides tilt of joint connect.Shown in attached drawing 11：It is shunting assembly diagram, is arc-shaped state, the vertical phase of two edge connectors It connects.
Shown in attached drawing 12：It is square hole four-way schematic diagram.It is long tube threeway schematic diagram shown in attached drawing 13；Shown in attached drawing 14, rotation Adapter, pipe fitting are in bending；Shown in attached drawing 15：Rotary joint, pipe fitting are in through state.
Shown in attached drawing 16：Silk pressing lid front schematic view, shown in Figure 17：Silk pressing lid side schematic view, shown in Figure 18：Silk pressing lid Bushing schematic diagram.
Shown in attached drawing 19：It is appearance schematic diagram when stainless steel telescopic pipes are stretched out.
Shown in attached drawing 20：It is stainless steel telescopic pipes sealing device schematic diagram of the sealing ring inside outer tube；Attached drawing Shown in 21：It is sealing
Stainless steel telescopic pipes sealing device schematic diagram of the circle outside inner tube；Shown in attached drawing 22：It is microseismic activity dress Set schematic diagram.
Shown in attached drawing 23 and attached drawing 24：Before being respectively, the enlarged drawing of rear walking wheel O1, O2
Specific implementation mode
According to Fig. 1,2, the water inlet of water inlet switch K1, K2 installation horizontalization face watering structure, the filtering Device G can not can be had to when water source is pure with can not have to, and reduce the resistance to water inlet, because filter has centainly water Resistance.
The water pressure sensor F, micro-tube pump P, are used in conjunction with each other, water pressure sensor F is according to external water source The height of water pressure provides hydraulic pressure force information to micro-tube pump P, pumps P to control micro-tube, it is for dropping that micro-tube, which pumps P, Low degree watering structure intake pressure in front improves the irrigation pressure of plane watering structure, and stretches convenient for compression stainless steel Pipeline, and water spray effect can be improved.
The front-wheel O1 is mounted in the center hole of shunting assembly A, and two trailing wheel O2 are separately mounted to two square holes four In the center square hole of logical B, three light traveling wheels are directed downward distribution triangular in shape, it is therefore an objective to make plane watering constitutional balance, The purpose of square hole is that the front and back walkings of two trailing wheel O2 is made to orient, and the front and back walking orientation, is exactly that front and back can only walk, cannot be horizontal To walking, three light traveling wheels can adjust respective height, and structure is：There are a vertical shaft, vertical shaft outside in wheel top There are one vertical shaft sleeve, there are one adjusting screw, there are one handwheels for top, rotate handwheel, drive leading screw, be able to adjust for the inside The height of leveling face watering structure.The front-wheel has adjustment level device, the miniature speed governing of handwheel of front-wheel vertical shaft top Motor operates, and is controlled by ground level heat transfer agent, and according to being uneven for ground, can be sprinkled water structure with adjustment plane The height of front-wheel.The guide frame of the front-wheel is：There are a horizontal handle, horizontal handle that can be slided on vertical shaft below front-wheel vertical shaft, again It can fix, adjust the deflection angle of horizontal handle, the deflection angle that can adjust the walking of front-wheel is oriented to,.
Described two support post R are also mounted at respectively in the center square hole of two square hole four-ways, but direction is upward, and Equipped with oblique pull rope, the purpose is to draw both sides and centre, prevent both sides and centre sagging, in fact, support post R and The vertical shaft up and down of trailing wheel O2 is same column one, and the vertical shaft sleeve of two trailing wheels is exactly to support post R.
The horizontal casing L2 of the sprinkling, inner and outer pipes stay certain interval, in gap can flowing water, inner tube all pulls out, or pulls out one Part, or do not pull out, inside and outside pipeline can spray water, and therefore, in a certain range, can arbitrarily adjust the width of sprinkling transverse tube Degree, sprinkling transverse tube L1 can also be casing, and as shown in Figure 3,4, the purpose is to can adjust the total transverse tube L of sprinkling in the larger context Width hide, the distance between two trailing wheels can also be adjusted.The horizontal casing, inner and outer pipes can not also stay gap, but not The width degree of sprinkling transverse tube can be adjusted.
Described two sprinkling transverse tube L1, the horizontal casing L2 of two sprinklings, the small transverse tube L3 of two sprinklings and the length of long tube threeway Tube portion, downwards, forward, similar parabola direction backward, forwards, backwards is drilled with multiple rows of aperture, is the parabolic in order to spray uniformly Line direction, it is farther the purpose is to make water spray, when plane watering structure slowly moves forward, the same place on ground Overboard time longest, sufficiently achieves the purpose of permeable soil.
The water blockoff clamp device E, purposes are to cause sprinkling transverse tube water spray for some reason not when water sprayer works When uniformly or irrigation pressure reduces, or when one section of transverse tube does not need to reduce water spray, with water blockoff clamp device E be clipped in sprinkling transverse tube L1 or It sprays on horizontal casing L2, blocks up part water spray aperture, the uniformity of water spray can be reconciled, structure adds one as put down common book clips Point rubber cushion is similar.
The light traveling wheel can also be mounted to four, when plane watering structure is wider across degree, the 4th portable traveling Wheel is walked at the position O points of the centre of long tube threeway C, it is sagging to prevent centre, width degree can be increased.
The small transverse tube L3 of the sprinkling is spray the supplement of total transverse tube L to spray transverse tube, due to square hole four-way have below it is rear light Traveling wheel O2, square hole four-way laterally have certain width not bore aperture, and therefore, the water spray of this section is mended with small transverse tube L3 is sprayed It fills, spraying small transverse tube L3 can not also use, but square hole four-way both sides must drill.
The S-shaped bend pipe T, as shown, its feature is exactly S-shaped shape, upper end is connected with the water inlet of plane watering structure, Lower end is connected with one end of stainless steel telescopic pipes, and there is Telescopic in centre, plays the role of being vertically connected with.
The shunting is exactly that a total water-supply-pipe is divided into two or more distributive pipes, the shunting aqueduct S1, such as Be the inclination aqueduct on both sides shown in figure, be casing, when expansion, is elongated, and when folding shortens, with beam connector J can length position, The beam connector J, characterized in that the both ends of a connector, on an end cap outer tube, in an end cap inner tube, both ends are each provided with glue Pad and silk pressing lid cover upper compression filament lid, tighten silk pressing lid, and compression rubber cushion, which is splashed, to rise, and so that inner and outer tubes is fixedly secured connection, does not leak also Water.Aqueduct S2 is shunted, is the vertical aqueduct of centre.
The plane watering structure opens an aperture in pipeline pump front can also add soluble chemical fertilizer plant, because of miniature tube It is very low that road pumps front hydraulic pressure, it is easy to add chemical fertilizer, but chemical fertilizer must be liquid chemical fertilizer or instant chemical fertilizer.
The shunting assembly, square hole four-way, long tube threeway, according to figure, 8, can shown in Fig. 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13 To find out, structure is traditional several or several, the aggregate of pipe fitting or pipeline, though production and processing difficulty is bigger, It is compared to single production, processing, connection wants much easier, and has the function of identical function or bigger, has stable and firm The characteristics of.In shunting assembly structure, shunting vertex trapezoidal can not only shunt or arc-shaped shunting, moreover it is possible to angular shunting or side Shape shunts, and effect is not much different, each have their own advantage.It is described in shunting assembly structure, two rotary joints of ragged edge hang down Direct-connected to connect or tilt connection, after plane watering structure folding in the structure of Fig. 6, vertical connection is suitable, in the structure of Fig. 7 In, inclination is connected as suitable.In square hole four-way structure, centre bore can not only do squarely, moreover it is possible to make prismatic, or oval It is shape or circular, if round, the vertical shaft up and down of rear walking wheel, it is necessary to add front and back orienting device of walking, general purpose is just It is to make the front and back orientation of rear walking wheel walking, orientation walking is a reason before and after walking with bicycle rear.The shunting assembly, The plane of square hole four-way, long tube threeway and rotary joint connection is sprinkled water structure, and when expansion shunts smooth, is evenly distributed, folds Afterwards, back structure is linked to be an entirety by long tube threeway, and front structure is linked to be an entirety by shunting assembly, front and back by stainless Total can be firmly fixed into one entirety in steel pipe, since stainless steel tube intensity is good, can hold constant weight, even can People is sat, moves or stores and is all very convenient.
According to Figure 14,15, the rotary joint, two kinds of rotary joints, pipe fitting differs, and pipe fitting mouth is identical, and One kind is in bending, and second is in through state, and function is the same when use, but sprinkles water structure not one in the plane of through state connection In a plane, but in a plane in the plane watering structure of bending connection.Pipe fitting both ends separately manufacturing, it is necessary to coordinate It uses, pipe fitting mouth feature：The male thread has positioning step, and equipped with silk pressing lid, silk pressing lid the inside is equipped with bushing or two halves Circle bushing, according to Figure 16,17,18, the connection method of stainless steel tube and pipe fitting mouth is the nozzle elder generation flanging of stainless steel tube, It is inserted on the step of pipe fitting mouth, tightens silk pressing lid, steel pipe and pipe fitting mouth is made securely to connect；Steel pipe opening can also weld interior Threaded Connector Coupling with Pipe fitting mouth connects, but must have locking gong silk.The light bucket is exactly that pipe fitting mouth is processed into light bucket, and application method is, steel pipe opening It is inserted on pipe fitting mouth, steel pipe and pipe fitting mouth is bonded together with seccotine, so that steel pipe and pipe fitting mouth is securely connected, the positioning Pipe fitting mouth is exactly processed into multiple grooves by groove, and application method is steel pipe opening to be sleeved on pipe fitting mouth, and is heated, use is special Steel pipe opening is become clamp in groove by tool, and steel pipe and pipe fitting is made securely to connect.The positioning wire hole, be exactly pipe fitting mouth be drilled with it is more A wire hole, application method are to be compressed and positioned with wire hole, pipe fitting and steel pipe opening is made to fixedly positioning connection.The interior screw thread, makes It is in addition steel pipe opening welds male thread connector (cannot open silk because steel pipe is very thin), pipe fitting mouth and steel pipe opening screw thread with method It can securely connect, but must be added with positioning and locking screw on steel pipe opening, (because steel pipe is positioned sometimes for angle)；The heat Platen press is exactly that steel pipe opening first heats, and is inserted on pipe fitting mouth, it is cold really after can securely connect.Any of the above method can also mix simultaneously With.
It can be seen that the overall structure and ring structure of stainless steel telescopic pipes from 19,20,21 and Figure 22 of attached drawing, no The steel telescopic pipes that become rusty are nested together by the stainless steel tube of several increasing diameters or arrangement of successively decreasing, and described is incremented by from introversion Outer to be arranged as being incremented by, described successively decrease is arranged as successively decreasing outside in.One end of each steel pipe is equipped with gasket set, another End pipe tail is inside contracted or is included outside, so that outer and inner tube is pulled out or retraction, and water-tight, is not fallen off.Assemble the mesh of gasket set Be to prevent water from flowing outward when in use, another end pipe tail is inside contracted or is included outside, prevent elongate when steel pipe fall off, if sealing ring fill In the outside of inner layer steel pipe, the nozzle of outer layer pipe inside contracts, if sealing ring is mounted in the inside of outer layer pipe, the pipe of inner layer steel pipe It is included outside mouthful.It is that inner layer pipe or outer tube are roused outward or inwards into groove that it, which connects structure, and sealing ring is put into the inside, put on outer tube or Inner layer pipe just, the microseismic activity device, it is therefore an objective to play cushioning effect because compression stainless steel telescopic pipes when, speed It is very slow, it is similar to half stationary state, when compressing stainless steel telescopic pipes, not only overcomes the pressure and duct wall of water sometimes Frictional resistance, also to overcome rest inertia gesture kinetic force, microseismic activity device is installed, resistance described above is made to disperse, it is uniformly, quiet Only inertia potential energy or disappearance.The microseismic activity device, be exactly by several miniature shock devices, it is symmetrical or it is uniform be mounted on one it is close Inside the annular interior cavity of envelope, leak is prevented, what the device with annular interior cavity was sleeved on stainless steel telescopic pipes is equipped with sealing ring One end of device makes stainless steel telescopic pipes be equipped with around one end of gasket set symmetrical or uniform vibrations.Make not The steel telescopic pipes that become rusty are in dynamic always, reduce rest inertia potential energy, are conducive to the compression of stainless steel telescopic pipes.
Described manually to directly drive, structure is to pass through speed reducer linkage front-drive, band by one handwheel of manual rotation Dynamic plane watering structure is walked forward, and the heat engine driving is exactly that miniature heat engine replaces solar cell and accumulator, the wave Line pipe, which has, to be bent and does not roll over extremely, and the photovoltaic panel of the solar cell can also adjust the angle, exactly solar cell Photovoltaic panel is fixed on an annular support, can circle rotation.The controllable speed regulating motor is to drive in top in top or below Small rolling wheel is moved, is being driving front-wheel below.
The solar cell accumulator drives front-wheel, has a speed-regulated DC motor, solar cell to exist on front-wheel wheel shaft The top of front-wheel can directly drive speed-regulated DC motor operating, drive plane watering structure walking, because being direct current generator, nothing It need to be equipped with mutation device, because being speed regulating motor, naturally it is also possible to manual control, or automatically control and be remotely controlled.
The folding, two kinds of method for folding shown in attached drawing 6,7 are the same, and the width for only shunting assembly is different, point It flows assembly both sides rotary joint vertical connection or tilts connection, the vertex Fen Shui for shunting assembly is arc-shaped or trapezoidal or triangle Shape is rectangular, including the centre bore of square hole four-way is circular hole, and square hole, prismatic is oval, and method for folding is same.The folding Azido functional is the utility model nuclear structure, and effect of irrigating the fields is good again, if if not foldable, just can not move and store.It folds Process, practical operation is more continuous than language to be stated also much easier, is folded and the method and the utility model water sprayer of folding It is main and close and build a part with core, the design and manufacture of the assembly or pipe fitting of pipe fitting and pipe fitting and the assembly of pipeline, Also for this folding.
The specifically used method of the utility model intelligent folding casting machine is；Water source is extracted out from water pump, is sent to by soft water band It is connected with one end of the stainless steel telescopic pipes of this equipment or bellows in field, water is entered by telescopic pipes or bellows The water inlet of plane watering device enters the total transverse tube L of sprinkling by taps K1 using shunting assembly and shunting aqueduct Both sides middle part, in transverse tube L it is uniform downwards, forward and backward parabola similar with front and back direction is sprayed, using two water deliverys Short tube H, into small transverse tube L3, rearward again, and lower section, supplement sprinkling.Plane sprinkles water structure in people's control, is remotely controlled, automatically Or slowly walking (about per minute walk one meter or so) forward, watering structure are compressed stainless under manual drive while walking forward Steel telescopic pipes or Curved Corrugated pipe, until most in short-term, stainless steel telescopic pipes elongate again or bellows stretches again, then It is secondary to be connected with soft Flexible water pipe, a sprinkling period is completed, in use, user can match one and stainless steel telescopic pipes or curved The equally long hose of bent bellows is connected when stainless steel telescopic pipes elongate or bellows is stretched with K2, is substituted as interim. The speed of walking is also by the intelligent control of pressure of supply water, and hydraulic pressure is higher, and walking is faster, and hydraulic pressure more low row is walked slower, is using In, it is hidden according to the width in plot, the width degree for spraying total transverse tube can be adjusted in a certain range or multirow pours.
1. a kind of intelligent folding casting machine, technical solution include：Plane watering structure, stainless steel telescopic pipes or bellows, Solar cell or accumulator and running gear, control system, it is characterized in that：Plane is sprinkled water the water inlet of structure and stainless One end of steel telescopic pipes or bellows is connected, the other end and water source or Flexible water pipe of stainless steel telescopic pipes or bellows It is connected, solar cell or accumulator are placed on the preceding top of plane watering structure, and the front-wheel of driving plane watering structure drives Plane watering structure is walked forward, or driving small rolling wheel winding thin cord traction plane watering structure is walked forward, to moving ahead The speed walked is automatically controlled by manual control, can be also remotely controlled, and in the absence of a power supply, is driven by manual drive or heat engine, It is also foldable when not used, convenient for moving and storing.
2. intelligent folding casting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that：The plane watering structure, is by diameter Equal stainless steel tube is not cut into different length, with the assembly of various pipe fittings and pipe fitting, the in other words combination of pipe fitting and pipeline The planar structure that body connects into, including：S-shaped bend pipe, water pressure sensor, micro-tube pump, filter, controllable hydraulic pressure Table tilts shunting aqueduct, vertically shunts aqueduct, and festoon connector sprays transverse tube, sprays horizontal casing, shunts assembly, Long tube threeway, square hole four-way, rotary joint, water delivery short tube spray small transverse tube, solar cell or accumulator, speed governing controllable electric Machine, small rolling wheel and its thin cord；Its mounting structure is：S-shaped bend pipe be mounted on water inlet switch front, water inlet switch be mounted on into At the mouth of a river, water pressure sensor, micro-tube pumps, and filter is sequentially arranged at behind water inlet switch, controllable water pressure gauge installation In the shunting apex of shunting assembly；Assembly is shunted, two rotary joints of ragged edge are tilted with two of ragged edge respectively to be divided Stream aqueduct is connected, and two of both sides tilt shunting aqueducts, is stainless steel tube not etc. by two sections or three sections of diameters It is nested together, and festoon connector is housed, the vertical shunting aqueduct of the anchor tip and middle of shunting assembly middle It is connected, other two rotary joint not water flowing, when folding is spare；The sprinkling transverse tube of the inside two and the horizontal casing of sprinkling of outside two Respectively by two square hole four-ways, link together, and connect with the pipe section of long tube threeway it is in alignment, it is transversely arranged Composition sprays total transverse tube；Two small transverse tubes of sprinkling are separately mounted to the back of two square hole four-ways, and parallel with total transverse tube is sprayed, And it is communicated therewith respectively by two water delivery short tubes；Transverse tube is sprayed, horizontal casing, including inner and outer tubes, the pipe of long tube threeway are sprayed Road part and the small transverse tube of subsequent sprinkling, similar parabola direction respectively forwardly, backward, downwards, forwards, backwards are drilled with multiple rows of Aperture；Installation includes a front-wheel and two trailing wheels there are three portable traveling suitcase with wheels below plane watering structure, is directed downward, and is in three Angular distribution, front-wheel are mounted in the center hole of shunting assembly, and two trailing wheels are separately mounted to the center of two square hole four-ways In square hole, three light traveling wheels can adjust respective height respectively, and front-wheel is also equipped with adjustment level device, row The distance between guider is walked, over the ground anti-skid device, trailing wheel walking is front and back to be oriented, and two trailing wheels can also adjust；Plane is sprinkled water The installation of structure top is also respectively installed at there are two post is supported in the center square hole of two square hole four-ways, and direction is upward, And it sprinkles water structure vertical with plane, and is each provided with two oblique pull ropes；Solar cell or accumulator are mounted on plane The preceding top for structure of sprinkling water, controllable variable-speed motor are mounted on the preceding top or following of plane watering structure, are driven in top small Rolling wheel, winding seizing wire are walked forward, or the front-wheel of plane watering structure is being driven to walk forward below, in no power supply In the case of, drive plane watering structure to walk forward by the front-wheel of manual drive plane watering structure；The plane watering knot Structure is also foldable when not used；
Two sprinkling transverse tubes of described the inside can also be designed to spray horizontal casing；The plane watering structure is pumped in micro-tube Front open an aperture, moreover it is possible to installation addition liquid or soluble chemical fertilizer plant；The sprinkling transverse tube can be adjusted in a certain range The width of whole sprinkling transverse tube hides；It is further equipped with several water blockoff clamp devices on the sprinkling transverse tube and the horizontal casing of sprinkling；The row Walk wheel；When plane watering structure is wider, can also install a traveling wheel again in the center of long tube threeway becomes four rows Walk wheel；
The assembly of pipeline and pipe fitting includes the assembly of the pipe fitting and pipe fitting in other words：Shunt assembly, square hole four-way, long tube Threeway and rotary joint and provisioned silk pressing lid；
The shunting assembly, structure are：Shunt the trapezoidal state in shunting vertex of assembly or arc-shaped state, central cross water There is a circular hole to penetrate both sides at pipeline monitor, circular hole surrounding does not influence water delivery, has a transverse tube below, has four in transverse tube same direction One end of a rotary joint, and can be used cooperatively with the other end of rotary joint, two rotary joints of both sides ragged edge tilt Connection or vertical connection can rotate in the same plane, and can position, and two rotary joints of the inside are to scoop out connector, expansion Not water flowing when watering, it is spare to scoop out pipe fitting after folding, and there are one anchor tips for middle, and the both sides for shunting assembly respectively have respectively One horizontal prop head of support, when expansion watering, do not have to, after folding can rest tube head it is spare, shunt the shunting vertex of assembly, either Angular shape or square shape；
The square hole four-way, structure are：Traditional positive four-way, there are one the both sides that square hole penetrates four-way, square holes at center Surrounding does not influence water delivery, but square hole does not also leak water delivery, and four ends of four-way are separately installed with one end of a rotary joint, And can be used cooperatively with the other end of rotary joint, the rotation angle of the rotary joint at four ends in the same plane, can rotate, again It can position, the square hole four-way can also change into prismatic hole four-way or slotted eye four-way or circular hole four-way, purpose It is to make the front and back walking orientation of rear walking wheel；
The long tube threeway, structure are：One traditional positive threeway, corresponding both ends respectively connect one section long shape pipeline, elongated Respectively there are one one end of rotary joint respectively at pipeline both ends, and can be used cooperatively with the other end of rotary joint, the rotation at both ends The rotation angle of connector in the same plane, can rotate, and can position, and intermediate there are one anchor tip, anchor tips pair There are one circular hole, circular hole outsides can install a support post over the ground in face, over the ground support post and elongated pipeline right angle setting, and Can on, can under, can fix；
The rotary joint, structure are：Pipe fitting is divided into two parts composition, is in bending or through state, and pipe fitting both ends are seperated Combination, is cross-linked, and there is disc with one voice in junction, and disc has convex-concave positioning step with one voice, and disc overlaps two convex-concaves with one voice, two Point connection structure respectively has perforation, is installed with bolt in perforation, pipe fitting both ends are connected together, pipe fitting two parts are using bolt as axis The heart, the positioning of convex-concave step can staggeredly rotate in the same plane, and disc overlapping position has shop bolt and gasket seal with one voice, pipe Part body separately manufacturing, but must be used cooperatively, the positioning of convex-concave step refers to Plane of rotation positioning, and pin positioning refers to rotation angle Positioning, rotary joint be shunt assembly, square hole four-way, long tube threeway combiner, can also be used alone, the rotary joint Pipe fitting mouth structure be：Male thread or light bucket or positioning groove or positioning compression wire hole or interior screw thread, or connected with pressure sintering It connects；Or two kinds of structures are used in combination；
The folding：The operating process of folding can change one after another, and still, the connection at each position is immutable after folding, The first section is fixed on one by shunting assembly, and rear rim portion is fixed on one by long tube threeway, and close becomes one to one piece puts down Face is whole, and when folding, best both sides carried out by several times；The shunting vertex for shunting assembly is trapezoidal or arc-shaped or rectangular or triangle Shape, the rotary joint for shunting the both sides of assembly are vertical connections, or tilt connection, use square hole four-way or round hole four Logical or prismatic hole four-way or elliptical aperture four-way, although the priority of folding process is different, the connection type at each position after folding It is identical.
3. intelligent folding casting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that：The stainless steel telescopic pipes include：Inner tube, Outer tube, gasket set and microseismic activity device, structure are：Several increasing diameters or the stainless steel tube for arrangement of successively decreasing, are sleeved on Together, one end of each steel pipe is equipped with gasket set, and another end pipe tail inside contracts, or includes outside, and outer and inner tube is enable to draw Go out or retraction, and water-tight, does not fall off；Microseismic activity device is equipped with one end of gasket set, the microseismic activity Device is exactly being mounted on inside the annular interior cavity of a sealing symmetrically and evenly by several miniature shock devices, water-tight, is had The device of annular interior cavity is sleeved on one end for being equipped with gasket set of stainless steel telescopic pipes, and stainless steel telescopic pipes is made to draw Go out or when retraction, the microseismic activity of surrounding symmetrically and evenly makes sealing ring one end of stainless steel telescopic pipes be in dynamic always, with Reduce rest inertia potential energy.
4. intelligent folding casting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that：Mode that there are two types of the running gears, the One is solar cells or accumulator, and controllable speed regulating motor, controllable speed regulating motor to be driven to drive small rolling wheel, small rolling wheel winding thin One end of rope, the other end of thin cord are fixed on several rice in front of plane watering structure, and motor drives small rolling wheel winding Thin cord pulls traction plane watering structure to walk forward；Another kind is that solar cell or accumulator drive controllable speed governing electricity Machine directly drives the front-wheel of plane watering structure, and plane watering structure is driven to walk forward, and front-wheel must have walking to be oriented to work( Can, antiskid function over the ground, the solar cell or accumulator are placed on the preceding top of plane watering structure, the light of solar cell Plate, which is lied prostrate, with the direction of the sun with rotation angle, manual drive is linked by speed reducer, and driving front-wheel drives plane watering Structure is walked forward, and heat engine driving is exactly that miniature heat engine replaces solar cell or accumulator, and traveling control system is including artificial Control, automatically controls or remote sensing controls.
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|CN207948434U true CN207948434U (en)||2018-10-12|
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|CN201721676557.2U Expired - Fee Related CN207948434U (en)||2016-11-29||2017-11-23||Intelligent folding casting machine|
|CN201711271815.3A Pending CN108112455A (en)||2016-11-29||2017-11-23||Intelligent folding casting machine|
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|CN201711271815.3A Pending CN108112455A (en)||2016-11-29||2017-11-23||Intelligent folding casting machine|
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Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN110268954A (en) *||2019-08-02||2019-09-24||汪军||A kind of lawn irrigation device based on sunny regions self-regulation water spraying direction|
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN110268954A (en) *||2019-08-02||2019-09-24||汪军||A kind of lawn irrigation device based on sunny regions self-regulation water spraying direction|
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Granted publication date: 20181012
Termination date: 20201123
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