CN210459087U - Track cleaning device - Google Patents

Track cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210459087U
CN210459087U CN201921003949.1U CN201921003949U CN210459087U CN 210459087 U CN210459087 U CN 210459087U CN 201921003949 U CN201921003949 U CN 201921003949U CN 210459087 U CN210459087 U CN 210459087U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
track
scraper
sweeping
hard tube
lifting
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Active
Application number
CN201921003949.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董积福
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Qingdao Siji Equipment Engineering Co ltd
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Qingdao Siji Equipment Engineering Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921003949.1U priority Critical patent/CN210459087U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of track cleaning equipment, and discloses a track cleaning device, which comprises a track groove cleaning mechanism and a road cleaning mechanism, wherein a power lifting mechanism is fixed on a chassis of a vehicle body and is connected with a bracket; the rear end of the long pull rod is connected with the bracket, and the front end of the long pull rod is connected with the chassis of the vehicle body through a joint; the scraper lifting and sucking device comprises a high-pressure nozzle, a splash-proof enclosing plate, an air suction hard tube, a lifting mechanism, a sucking and sweeping hose, a scraper groove and a rotating pin shaft, wherein the sucking and sweeping hose is arranged above the air suction hard tube, the lifting mechanism is connected with the scraper groove, the scraper is arranged at the lower end of the scraper groove, and the scraper is arranged on the bracket; the hard tube that induced drafts sets up in the scraper blade front side, and the hard tube the place ahead of induced drafting is fixed with the splashproof bounding wall, and high-pressure nozzle lower extreme links to each other with the splashproof bounding wall. The utility model discloses not only realize cleaning of track groove, can also realize cleaning of near road, realized tram's daily track and cleaned the operation.

Description

Track cleaning device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the track cleans equipment, especially relates to a track cleaning device.
Background
Along with the development of track traffic, city tram has constantly been makeed, because tram exists alternately with the urban road, and gravel, earth, leaf and debris etc. can be piled up unavoidably in tram's track groove, and this can seriously influence tram's the safety of traveling, if not clean in time and can cause the potential safety hazard, consequently need urgent research and development a track groove cleaning device.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
For solving the technical problem that exists among the prior art, the utility model provides a track cleaning device, clean mechanism and road including the track groove, the track groove cleans the mechanism and includes the support, the device is inhaled in the scraper blade lift, connect, long pull rod, the leading wheel, power elevating system, the support plays the effect of connecting each mechanism, power elevating system fixes and uses cylinder or hydro-cylinder as lifting power on vehicle body chassis, power elevating system and support link to each other, both ends about the leading wheel is installed at the support rear side, the leading wheel moves along the track groove, play the guide effect, make the scraper blade move along the track groove all the time and do not take place the phenomenon of derailing.
The rear end of the long pull rod is connected with the support through a vertical pin shaft, the front end of the long pull rod is connected with the chassis of the vehicle body through a joint, the joint realizes the left-right deflection of the track groove cleaning device, and the radius of a curve of 18 meters is ensured to pass through.
The scraper blade goes up and down to inhale and sweeps the device and includes high pressure nozzle, water splash proof bounding wall, the hard tube induced drafts, elevating system, inhale and sweep the hose, the scraper blade, scrape the board groove, the round pin axle rotates, elevating system is lift cylinder or hydro-cylinder, inhale and sweep the hose and install in the hard tube top induced drafts, elevating system symmetry installs in the support left and right sides, elevating system links to each other with scraping the board groove, the scraper blade passes through scraper blade holding screw and installs at scraping board groove lower extreme, the scraper blade is installed on the support through rotating the round pin axle, flexible through elevating system, can realize that the scraper blade rotates around rotating the round pin axle, realize the lift of scraper blade, the scraper blade rotates and falls the track inslot round rotating the round pin axle during cleaning, the rubbish of scraping through the scraper blade is shoveled.
The air suction hard tube is arranged on the front side of the scraper, a splash-proof enclosure plate is fixed in front of the air suction hard tube, the lower end of the high-pressure nozzle is connected with the splash-proof enclosure plate, the high-pressure nozzle sprays garbage in the track groove through high-pressure water flow or air flow in the splash-proof enclosure plate to excite the garbage, and the splash-proof enclosure plate prevents the garbage from splashing due to the water flow or the air flow to cause secondary pollution; and under the action of negative pressure, the air suction hard tube recovers the garbage shoveled by the scraper and the garbage sprayed and stirred by the high-pressure nozzle through strong suction.
The road sweeping mechanism comprises a sucker and a sweeper, the sucker is mounted on the front side of the support or a chassis of the vehicle body, the sweeper is arranged on two sides of the support, and the sweeper has a spraying function.
The power lifting mechanism and the lifting mechanism are electrically connected to the controller; in order to ensure the lifting position, the track groove cleaning mechanism and the road cleaning mechanism are both provided with an upper limit switch and a lower limit switch, so that the track groove cleaning mechanism and the road cleaning mechanism are ensured not to interfere with other components.
Preferably, spray dust fall pipe upper end and high pressure nozzle link to each other, spray dust fall pipe lower extreme and stretch into the hard tube that induced drafts inside, avoided the raise dust, realized spraying the dust fall.
Preferably, the sweeping brushes are arranged on the two sides in front of the cab, so that the sweeping width is increased.
The operation of the track cleaning device is controlled by a touch screen or a button, and the working principle is as follows:
1) firstly, cleaning a track surface and a track groove at high pressure by using a high-pressure nozzle, and using high-pressure water or compressed air;
2) then controlling the scraper to scrape dirt from the bottom of the track groove;
3) finally, the garbage and water are sucked and swept clean through the air suction hard tube.
Has the advantages that:
1. the utility model discloses the track groove cleans mechanism and road and cleans mechanism formula mechanism or split type structure as an organic whole, and the track groove cleans structure and road and cleans the mechanism and pass through support formula structure as an organic whole, can realize synchronous lift, and the track groove cleans mechanism and road and cleans split type arrangement of mechanism, can go up and down alone, and both mutually independent work of split type structure do not have rigid connection, each other does not influence.
2. The utility model discloses not only realize cleaning of track groove, can also realize cleaning of near road, can satisfy the operation requirement that tram whole circuit cleaned through little curve radius simultaneously.
3. The utility model discloses both can install and use on the chassis of ordinary vehicle, can also install and use on the public railway carriage of guider, satisfied the function of cleaning of the daily track groove of tram and near road, can install additional on the chassis of various models, can pass through little radius curve smoothly, realized the daily track of tram and cleaned the operation.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a track groove cleaning mechanism and a road cleaning mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the track groove sweeping mechanism and the road sweeping mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the split arrangement of the track groove sweeping mechanism and the road sweeping mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the scraper lifting suction device without spraying dust-settling pipe of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the scraper lifting suction device with spraying dust-settling pipe of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of the scraper blade penetrating into the bottom of the track groove during cleaning;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the bracket structure of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the installation position of the sweeper of the present invention;
as shown in fig. 1-8: the device comprises a track groove cleaning mechanism 1, a road cleaning mechanism 2, a sweeper 21, a suction cup 22, a support 3, a joint 4, a long pull rod 5, a scraper lifting suction device 6, a suction and sweeping hose 61, a suction hard pipe 62, a high-pressure nozzle 63, a water splashing prevention coaming 64, a scraper 65, a scraper groove 66, a lifting mechanism 67, a spraying dust falling pipe 68, a guide wheel 7, a power lifting mechanism 8 and a track groove 9.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problem, technical solution and advantageous effects solved by the present invention more clearly understood, the following description is given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments to further explain the present invention in detail. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the invention.
A rail cleaning device comprises a rail groove cleaning mechanism 1 and a road cleaning mechanism 2, wherein the rail groove cleaning mechanism 1 comprises a support 3, a scraper lifting suction cleaning device 6, a connector 4, a long pull rod 5, guide wheels 7 and a power lifting mechanism 8, the support 3 plays a role in connecting all mechanisms, the power lifting mechanism 8 is fixed on a vehicle body chassis and takes an air cylinder or an oil cylinder as lifting power, the power lifting mechanism 8 is connected with the support 3, the guide wheels 7 are installed at the left end and the right end of the rear side of the support 3, and the guide wheels 7 run along a rail groove 9 to play a role in guiding, so that a scraper 65 always runs along the rail groove 9 without derailing.
The rear end of the long pull rod 5 is connected with the support 3 through a vertical pin shaft, the front end of the long pull rod 5 is connected with a vehicle body chassis through a joint 4, and the joint 4 realizes the left-right deflection of the track groove 9 cleaning device and ensures that the radius of a curve of 18 meters passes through.
The scraper lifting and sucking device 6 comprises a high-pressure nozzle 63, a splash-proof coaming 64, a suction hard tube 62, a lifting mechanism 67, a suction hose 61, scrapers 65, scraper grooves 66 and a rotating pin shaft, wherein the lifting mechanism 67 is a lifting cylinder or an oil cylinder, the suction hose 61 is arranged above the suction hard tube 62, the lifting mechanism 67 is symmetrically arranged at the left side and the right side of the bracket 3, the lifting mechanism 67 is connected with the scraper grooves 66, the scrapers 65 are arranged at the lower end of the scraper grooves 66 through scraper fastening screws, the scrapers 65 are arranged on the bracket 3 through the rotating pin shaft and are stretched by the lifting mechanism 67, the scraper 65 can rotate around the rotating pin shaft, the lifting of the scraper 65 is realized, the scraper 65 rotates downwards around the rotating pin shaft and falls into the track groove 9 during cleaning, the garbage in the track groove 9 is shoveled by scraping of the scraping plate 65, the scraping plate 65 has an obstacle avoidance function, and can be automatically lifted when encountering an obstacle.
The air suction hard tube 62 is arranged on the front side of the scraper plate 65, a splash-proof enclosure plate 64 is fixed in front of the air suction hard tube 62, the lower end of the high-pressure nozzle 63 is connected with the splash-proof enclosure plate 64, the high-pressure nozzle 63 sprays garbage in the track groove 9 in the splash-proof enclosure plate 64 through high-pressure water flow or air flow to excite the garbage, and the splash-proof enclosure plate 64 prevents the garbage from splashing caused by the water flow or the air flow to cause secondary pollution; the suction hard pipe 62 recovers the garbage scooped up by the scraper and the garbage ejected by the high pressure nozzle 63 by strong suction under the action of negative pressure.
The road sweeping mechanism 2 comprises a suction cup 22 and a sweeper 21, wherein the suction cup 22 is installed on the front side of the support 3 or a chassis of the vehicle body, the sweeper 21 is arranged on two sides of the support 3, and the sweeper 21 has a spraying function.
The power lifting mechanism 8 and the lifting mechanism 67 are both electrically connected to the controller; in order to ensure the lifting position, the track groove cleaning mechanism 1 and the road cleaning mechanism 2 are both provided with an upper limit switch and a lower limit switch, so that the track groove cleaning mechanism and the road cleaning mechanism are ensured not to interfere with other components.
Preferably, spray dust fall pipe 68 upper end and high pressure nozzle 63 link to each other, and spray dust fall pipe 68 lower extreme stretches into inside the hard tube 62 that induced drafts, has avoided the raise dust, has realized spraying the dust fall.
Preferably, the sweeper brush 21 is arranged at the two sides in front of the cab, so that the sweeping width is increased.
The operation of the track cleaning device is controlled by a touch screen or a button, and the working principle is as follows:
1) firstly, cleaning the track surface and the track groove at high pressure by using a high-pressure nozzle 63, and using high-pressure water or compressed air;
2) then the scraper plate 62 is controlled to scrape dirt from the bottom of the track groove 9;
3) finally, the garbage and water are sucked and swept clean through the air suction hard pipe 62.
When an element is referred to as being "fixed to" or "disposed on" another element, it can be directly on or indirectly connected to the other element, or when an element is referred to as being "connected to" another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or indirectly connected to the other element.
The terms of orientation such as left, right, up, down, etc. in the present embodiment are only relative concepts or reference to the normal use state of the product, and should not be considered as limiting.
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the present invention, as any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principles of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A track cleaning device which is characterized in that: the track groove cleaning device comprises a track groove cleaning mechanism (1) and a road cleaning mechanism (2), wherein the track groove cleaning mechanism (1) comprises a support (3), a scraper lifting suction sweeping device (6), a joint (4), a long pull rod (5), a guide wheel (7) and a power lifting mechanism (8), the power lifting mechanism (8) is connected with the support (3), the rear end of the long pull rod (5) is connected with the support (3) through a vertical pin shaft, and the front end of the long pull rod (5) is connected with a vehicle body chassis through the joint (4);
the scraper lifting and sucking device (6) comprises a high-pressure nozzle (63), a splash-proof coaming (64), an air suction hard tube (62), a lifting mechanism (67), a sucking and sweeping hose (61), scrapers (65), a scraper groove (66) and a rotating pin shaft, wherein the sucking and sweeping hose (61) is arranged above the air suction hard tube (62), the lifting mechanism (67) is symmetrically arranged at the left side and the right side of the support (3), the lifting mechanism (67) is connected with the scraper groove (66), the scrapers (65) are arranged at the lower end of the scraper groove (66) through scraper fastening screws, and the scrapers (65) are arranged on the support (3) through the rotating pin shaft; the air suction hard tube (62) is arranged on the front side of the scraper (65), a splash-proof coaming plate (64) is fixed in front of the air suction hard tube (62), and the lower end of the high-pressure nozzle (63) is connected with the splash-proof coaming plate (64);
the road sweeping mechanism (2) comprises a sucker (22) and a sweeper (21), wherein the sucker (22) is installed on the front side of the support (3) or a chassis of the vehicle body.
2. A track-sweeping device according to claim 1, wherein: the guide wheels (7) are mounted at the left end and the right end of the rear side of the support (3), and the guide wheels (7) move along the track grooves (9).
3. A track-sweeping device according to claim 1, wherein: the power lifting mechanism (8) is fixed on the chassis of the vehicle body and takes an air cylinder or an oil cylinder as lifting power.
4. A track-sweeping device according to claim 1, wherein: the lifting mechanism (67) is a lifting cylinder or an oil cylinder.
5. A track-sweeping device according to claim 1, wherein: the high-pressure nozzle (63) is connected with the upper end of the spraying dust-settling tube (68), and the lower end of the spraying dust-settling tube (68) extends into the air suction hard tube (62).
6. A track-sweeping device according to claim 1, wherein: the sweeping brushes (21) are arranged on two sides of the bracket (3).
7. A track-sweeping device according to claim 1, wherein: the sweeping brushes (21) are arranged on the two sides in front of the cab.
8. A track-sweeping device according to claim 1, wherein: the track groove cleaning mechanism (1) and the road cleaning mechanism (2) are both provided with an upper limit switch and a lower limit switch.
CN201921003949.1U 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 Track cleaning device Active CN210459087U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921003949.1U CN210459087U (en) 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 Track cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921003949.1U CN210459087U (en) 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 Track cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210459087U true CN210459087U (en) 2020-05-05

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ID=70442869

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921003949.1U Active CN210459087U (en) 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 Track cleaning device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210459087U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111776785A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-10-16 太原科技大学 Rock discharging machine with movable counterweight

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111776785A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-10-16 太原科技大学 Rock discharging machine with movable counterweight

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