CN109083070A - A kind of no brush high pressure gas road sweeper - Google Patents

A kind of no brush high pressure gas road sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109083070A
CN109083070A CN201811259012.0A CN201811259012A CN109083070A CN 109083070 A CN109083070 A CN 109083070A CN 201811259012 A CN201811259012 A CN 201811259012A CN 109083070 A CN109083070 A CN 109083070A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
high pressure
pressure gas
bothrium
jet pipe
brush
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811259012.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈治霖
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING CHEN'S CLEANING SERVICE Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHONGQING CHEN'S CLEANING SERVICE Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHONGQING CHEN'S CLEANING SERVICE Co Ltd filed Critical CHONGQING CHEN'S CLEANING SERVICE Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811259012.0A priority Critical patent/CN109083070A/en
Publication of CN109083070A publication Critical patent/CN109083070A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0863Apparatus loosening or removing the dirt by blowing and subsequently dislodging it at least partially by suction ; Combined suction and blowing nozzles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H2001/0881Details for pneumatically dislodging or removing not related to the mouth-piece

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of no brush high pressure gas road sweepers, including headstock and vehicle body, dirt collection bin, blower and power-supply device are provided on vehicle body, the bottom of vehicle body is provided with suction and takes off, the air inlet of blower is connected to dirt collection bin, and is provided in dirt collection bin to the dust-extraction unit being dusted into blower gas;Further include the high pressure gas generating device being arranged on vehicle body and take off the high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism in front positioned at suction, high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism includes first level deflection mechanism, the first high pressure gas jet pipe being arranged on first level deflection mechanism and the high pressure gas nozzle for being used to spray face of sweeping the floor being arranged on the first high pressure gas jet pipe.The present invention eliminates the brush on existing road sweeper without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, therefore toxic dust can be generated and need to be replaced frequently brush by solving the problems, such as to sweep the floor using brush, and the present invention rushes face of sweeping the floor due to directlying adopt the high pressure gas of high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism ejection, quickly road surface spray can be swept completely, spray is swept more efficient.

Description

A kind of no brush high pressure gas road sweeper
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of environmental sanitation environmental protection equipment, in particular to a kind of road sweeper.
Background technique
Road sweeper, which refers to, undertakes city or national highway, the vehicle of cleaning and the dirt-collecting operation of the roads such as highway. Existing road sweeper is cleaned using the brush that vehicle body on both sides of the middle is arranged in, and recycles the suction for being placed in vehicle body lateral middle Sewage is sucked dirt collection bin by disk.Road sweeper is suitable for a variety of weathers can wide area operation.
Existing road sweeper has the disadvantage in that
1, the plastics bristle in brush can be worn in cleaning process, and abrasion can generate toxic dust pollution environment;And it brushes Disk is easily-consumed products, need to often replace, improve operating cost.
2, since brush is that bristle and ground friction is leaned on to clean road surface, vehicle can only advance at a slow speed, if before road sweeper It is fast into speed, then it will lead to and clean sordid problem.
3, the centre that body bottom is arranged in is taken off in the suction of existing road sweeper trapped dirt, needs by setting in vehicle body transverse direction The brush of two sides pushes dirt on the inside of body bottom to, can just make to inhale to take off to siphon away dirt, and inhales the soil pick-up narrow range taken off and not It is adjustable, it makes it easy to leakage and inhales, soil pick-up effect is poor.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of no brush high pressure gas road sweeper, to solve existing band brush Road sweeper there is technical issues that the above.
The present invention without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, including headstock and vehicle body, be provided on the vehicle body dirt collection bin, Blower and power-supply device, the bottom of the vehicle body are provided with suction and take off, and the air inlet of the blower is connected to dirt collection bin, and institute State the dust-extraction unit for being provided in dirt collection bin and being dusted to the gas for entering blower;The suction is taken off including lateral with vehicle body The traveling wheel of the bothrium of parallel arrangement and support bothrium and the first lift adjustment machine for adjusting bothrium height from the ground Structure is provided with the first delivery pipe that the air-flow of sucking is sent to dirt collection bin at the top of the bothrium;
The no brush high pressure gas road sweeper further includes the high pressure gas generating device being arranged on vehicle body and is located at The high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism for taking off front is inhaled, high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism includes first level deflection mechanism or vertical beat Mechanism, the first high pressure gas jet pipe being arranged on first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism and setting are first The high pressure gas nozzle for being used to spray face of sweeping the floor on high pressure gas jet pipe;The end of the first high pressure gas jet pipe is additionally provided with Vertical jet pipe is provided with lateral spray head on the vertical jet pipe;
The first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism are arranged by support frame in headstock or body bottom, or The first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism are arranged by the second lifting regulating mechanism in headstock or body bottom;Institute State the second lifting regulating mechanism for adjust the distance between the first high pressure gas jet pipe and ground;
In working condition, effect of the first high pressure gas jet pipe in first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism Under deflect to vehicle lateral outer side, the jet direction of the high pressure gas nozzle is laterally cross-shaped with vehicle, makes high pressure gas nozzle The high pressure draught of ejection flows not only towards ground flowing, also towards vehicle lateral middle;The jet direction of the lateral spray head is front lower Side, and the spraying high-pressure gas stream interface that the high pressure gas nozzle being arranged on the first high pressure gas jet pipe generates is produced with lateral spray head Raw spraying high-pressure gas stream interface partly overlaps;In dead ship condition, the first high pressure gas jet pipe is in first level deflecting machine Vehicle laterally inboard is deflected under the action of structure or vertical deflection mechanism;
The air outlet of the high pressure gas generating device is connected to by the second delivery pipe with the first high pressure gas jet pipe, in height Under the pressurization for pressing gas generating unit, the no brush high pressure gas road sweeper directly passes through what high pressure gas nozzle sprayed High pressure draught cleans ground, while dirt is swept to the spray of vehicle body lateral middle.
Further, the first high pressure gas jet pipe is hinged on first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism, Horizontally-parallel, and first level deflection mechanism or the vertical deflection mechanism of first high pressure gas jet pipe and vehicle body described in working condition On be additionally provided with the return spring A for making the first high pressure gas jet pipe keep stable.
Further, the both ends of the bothrium are additionally provided with side soil pick-up mechanism, and side soil pick-up mechanism includes and bothrium The fixation bracket of connection, the second horizontal nutation mechanism being connect with fixed bracket, the suction being arranged in the second horizontal nutation mechanism Disk and the third delivery pipe that the dirt that sucker sucks is sent to dirt collection bin, the sucker is by rubber or elastoplastic material Material is made, the main suction inlet of the suction inlet of the sucker towards ground;
In working condition, the sucker deflects to vehicle lateral outer side under the action of the second horizontal nutation mechanism;
In dead ship condition, the sucker deflects to vehicle laterally inboard under the action of the second horizontal nutation mechanism.
Further, second lifting regulating mechanism includes seat board, the parallelogram machine for connecting body bottom and seat board Structure and the first driving cylinder, the cylinder ends of first driving cylinder are hinged on body bottom, the piston of first driving cylinder Boom end is hinged on seat board.
Further, the first level deflection mechanism includes crank and rocker mechanism and the second driving cylinder, the crank rocker Mechanism is hingedly made of first connecting rod, second connecting rod, third connecting rod and fourth link,
The first connecting rod is fixed on seat board, and the cylinder body of second driving cylinder is arranged in seat board and the second driving cylinder Piston rod and fourth link it is hinged, connecting plate A is hinged on the third connecting rod, the first high pressure gas jet pipe is fixed on company On plate A, the both ends of the return spring A are connected on third connecting rod and connecting plate A.
Further, the vertical deflection mechanism include connecting plate B can be hinged in a manner of vertical rotating on seat board and It is arranged on seat board for driving the third driving cylinder of connecting plate vertical rotating, is hinged with connecting plate C on the connecting plate B, described first High pressure gas jet pipe is arranged on connecting plate C, and the both ends of the return spring A are separately fixed on connecting plate B and connecting plate C, and third is driven The cylinder body of dynamic cylinder is hinged on seat board, and the piston rod and connecting plate B of third driving cylinder are hinged.
Further, second horizontal nutation mechanism includes the beat frame connecting with fixed bracket and setting in fixed bracket 4th driving cylinder of upper driving beat frame beat, is hinged with connecting plate D on the beat frame, the sucker is fixed on connecting plate D, institute It states beat frame and is connected with connecting plate D by return spring B, the return spring B is for keeping sucker to stablize.
Further, first lifting regulating mechanism includes that setting is driven in body bottom and along vehicle body the longitudinally arranged 5th Dynamic cylinder, one end are connected to the steel cable and be arranged in vehicle that the other end on main bothrium is connected on the 5th driving cylinder piston rod end Body bottom is used for the pulley being oriented to steel cable, and first lifting regulating mechanism further includes connection body bottom and main bothrium Articulated linkage, the articulated shaft of the articulated linkage and vehicle body it is horizontally-parallel.
Further, the bothrium taken off of inhaling is made of main bothrium and the secondary bothrium covered at main bothrium both ends, main bothrium and pair The air entry of bothrium is arranged on the bottom surface and leading flank of bothrium, and the pair bothrium and main bothrium are slided along main bothrium length direction Cooperation, first delivery pipe are connected on main bothrium, and it further includes adjusting secondary bothrium to skid off along the both ends of main bothrium that the suction, which is taken off, The lateral adjustment of length.
Further, the lateral adjustment by the motor being fixed on main bothrium, the thread bush being arranged on secondary bothrium, And it connect with machine shaft and is formed with the screw rod of thread bush cooperation;
Or the lateral adjustment is the 6th driving cylinder being fixed on main bothrium, the piston of the 6th driving cylinder Bar is connect with secondary bothrium.
Further, water tank and water pump, the first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflecting machine are additionally provided on the vehicle body It is additionally provided with the water spray jet pipe parallel with the first high pressure gas jet pipe on structure, it is dust-proof that water spray is additionally provided on the water spray jet pipe Nozzle;The water inlet of the water pump is arranged in water tank, and the water outlet of the water pump is connect by water-supply-pipe with water spray jet pipe.
Further, it is also connected with dust excluding plate on the first high pressure gas jet pipe, the dust excluding plate is upward by prevention air-flow The overhead gage of flowing and the front apron composition for preventing air-flow flow forward.
Further, it is provided with the second high pressure gas jet pipe on the seat board, is provided with the second high pressure gas on the seat board Jet pipe, the second high pressure gas jet pipe are located in vehicle transverse width.
Further, the high pressure gas generating device is air compressor or high pressure blower.
Further, the bottom of the vehicle body posterior segment is provided with blowing mouth, and the blowing mouth is gone out by air hose and blower Air port connection.
Further, the body bottom is additionally provided with the first arc deflector, the length direction of the first arc deflector with Vehicle body it is horizontally-parallel, the first arc deflector is located at the front or behind of bothrium, the concave side court of the first arc deflector To headstock direction;The both ends of first arc deflector are nearby provided with sucker, are provided on the lateral surface of the deflector The frid of both ends sucker is connected, the frid is connect by pipeline with blower.
Further, the front or top of the sucker are provided with the second arc deflector.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1, the present invention directlys adopt after being pressurized by high pressure gas generating device without brush high pressure gas road sweeper again from height Road surface is swept in the high pressure gas punching that pressure gas nozzle sprays.It is swept in operation process in spray, the first high pressure of high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism Gas spray pipe is located at work except vehicle both lateral sides, but due to the spray of the high pressure gas nozzle on the first high pressure gas jet pipe The side of penetrating is that dirt is blowed in the middle part of vehicle bottom by high pressure draught, is located at the suction of body bottom in this way to towards vehicle lateral middle Dirt collection bin can be sucked for the air for carrying dirt by taking off.
And the lateral spray head of setting solves the problems, such as the cleaning to kerbstone, hard shoulder, guardrail.And due to lateral spray head Jet direction be front lower place, can keep off back by kerbstone when dirt is impacted by forward downward, at the same setting in the first high pressure gas The high pressure draught face that the high pressure gas stream interface that the high pressure nozzle of nozzle-end generates is generated with lateral spray head partly overlaps, so that by road Dirt at dirt that kerb is kept off back and road surface and kerbstone boundary angle can be arranged on the first high pressure gas nozzle-end The high pressure draught and lateral spray head that high pressure nozzle sprays are punched in the air-flow being reflected back on kerbstone and rush at vehicle body cross jointly It to middle part, therefore solves the problems, such as the recycling to road corner dirt, makes road sweeper that brush not used comprehensively to collect yet Dirt.
The present invention eliminates the brush on existing road sweeper without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, therefore solves using brush Toxic dust can be led to the problem of and need to be replaced frequently brush by sweeping the floor.
And the present invention is without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, due to directlying adopt the high pressure of high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism ejection Gas rushes face of sweeping the floor, and can quickly sweep road surface spray completely, so that road sweeper can be advanced with fast speed, spray sweeps efficiency more It is high.
2, the present invention is without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, after operation is swept in spray, due in high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism The first high pressure gas jet pipe can be under the action of first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism from vehicle body lateral deviation lateral out It goes on the inside of vehicle body, therefore is avoided that the first high pressure gas jet pipe occupies wide horizontal space, convenient for driving and parking.
3, the present invention without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, making by the first high pressure gas jet pipe of high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism It can collide with road edge during industry, the first high pressure gas jet pipe avoids collision damage by deflection automatically when colliding It is bad, and after collision the first high pressure gas jet pipe can under the pulling force effect of return spring A return, therefore the first high pressure gas Body jet pipe has good collision prevention function, to road roadside, corner better adaptability.
4, the present invention inhales the secondary bothrium with that can stretch out to vehicle body both lateral sides of lying prone without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, So that it is wider to inhale the soil pick-up range lain prone.
5, the present invention is without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, although the soil pick-up range of the bothrium in the application is than existing road sweeper The soil pick-up range taken off of suction greatly increase, but it still cannot extend into road edge, and it does not have collision prevention function so that It cannot preferably cooperate with high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism, road edge dirt is siphoned away.
In order to solve the problems, such as to siphon away road edge dirt, the application this inhales without brush high pressure water road sweeper provided with side The sucker of dirty mechanism, side soil pick-up mechanism is made of rubber or elastoplastic, can inhale simultaneously with edge direct collision without damaging Disk can also avoid collision damage by automatic beat in collision, and terminating posterior sucker in collision can be in the drawing of return spring B Self-return under power can preferably adapt to road corner part, therefore side is inhaled so that sucker also has good collision prevention function Dirty mechanism, which solves the problems, such as that existing road sweeper suction is lain prone, cannot siphon away road edge dirt.
The present invention without brush high pressure gas road sweeper by inhale take off with side soil pick-up Mechanism Combination soil pick-up, make it possible to more complete Face thoroughly siphons away road surface dirt.
6, for the present invention without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, the position of high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism can be in the up-down direction It is adjusted, cooperates the lateral spray head on vertical jet pipe, spray preferably can be carried out to the kerbstone of different height and guardrail and swept, Solve the problems, such as that existing road sweeper cannot cleaning to different height kerbstone, hard shoulder and guardrail.
7, the present invention is without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, and when air-flow encounters the first arc deflector under steam, air-flow holds Vortex is formed easily in the first arc deflector, to increase residence time of the air-flow near bothrium, being conducive to bothrium will be dirty Object siphons away, and reduces leakage and inhales situation.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic view of the front view without brush high pressure gas road sweeper in specific embodiment;
Fig. 2 is that the structural schematic diagram on headstock is arranged in high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism;
Fig. 3 is the chassis overlooking structure diagram without brush high pressure gas road sweeper in specific embodiment;
Fig. 4 is to inhale the schematic view of the front view taken off;
Fig. 5 is to inhale the overlooking structure diagram taken off with side soil pick-up Mechanism Combination;
Fig. 6 is the overlooking structure diagram that high pressure spray sweeps mechanism;
Fig. 7 is the enlarged diagram in the portion K in Fig. 2;
Fig. 8 is the side structure schematic view of the second lifting regulating mechanism;
Fig. 9 is the schematic perspective view of sucker;
Figure 10 is the combining structure schematic diagram of dust excluding plate and the first high pressure gas of high pressure jet pipe;
Figure 11 is the antero-lateral perspective structural representation of deflector;
Figure 12 is the rear perspective structural representation of deflector.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown, the present embodiment without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, including headstock 1 and vehicle body 2, is arranged on the vehicle body There are dirt collection bin 3, blower 4 and power-supply device 5, the bottom of the vehicle body is provided with suction and takes off, the air inlet of the blower and dirt The connection of object collecting box, and be provided in the dirt collection bin to the dust-extraction unit being dusted into blower gas;The suction Take off the traveling wheel 7 of the bothrium 6 including being parallel transversely disposed with vehicle body and support bothrium and for adjusting bothrium height from the ground The first lifting regulating mechanism, be provided with the first delivery pipe that the air-flow of sucking is sent to dirt collection bin at the top of the bothrium 8。
The present embodiment without brush high pressure gas road sweeper further include the high pressure gas generating device 9 being arranged on vehicle body, with And positioned at the high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism for taking off front is inhaled, high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism includes first level deflection mechanism, sets It sets the first high pressure gas jet pipe 10 on first level deflection mechanism and is arranged on the first high pressure gas jet pipe and be used for The high pressure gas nozzle 11 in face of sweeping the floor is sprayed, the end of the first high pressure gas jet pipe is additionally provided with vertical jet pipe 41, described perpendicular Lateral spray head 42 is provided on jet pipe.The high pressure gas generating device can be air compressor or high pressure blower.
Certainly in different embodiments, first level deflection mechanism can also be replaced by vertical deflection mechanism, at this moment the height Ti Pensao mechanism of calming the anger then include vertical deflection mechanism, the first high pressure gas jet pipe 10 being arranged on vertical deflection mechanism, with And the high pressure gas nozzle 11 on the first jet pipe is set.
The first level deflection mechanism is arranged by the second lift adjustment in body bottom, can by the second elevating mechanism Easily to adjust the first high pressure gas jet pipe and high pressure gas nozzle distance from the ground, so that high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism can be more Good adaptation surface state;Certain first level deflection mechanism described in different embodiments can be also directly arranged by support frame In body bottom.
In working condition, effect of the first high pressure gas jet pipe in first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism Under deflect to vehicle lateral outer side, the jet direction of the high pressure gas nozzle is laterally cross-shaped with vehicle, makes high pressure gas nozzle The high pressure draught of ejection flows not only towards ground flowing, also towards vehicle lateral middle;The jet direction of the lateral spray head is front lower Side, and the spraying high-pressure gas stream interface that the high pressure gas nozzle being arranged on the first high pressure gas jet pipe generates is produced with lateral spray head Raw spraying high-pressure gas stream interface partly overlaps.
And the lateral spray head of setting solves the problems, such as the cleaning to kerbstone, hard shoulder, guardrail.And due to lateral spray head Jet direction be front lower place, can keep off back by kerbstone when dirt is impacted by forward downward, at the same setting in the first high pressure gas The high pressure draught face that the high pressure gas stream interface that the high pressure nozzle of nozzle-end generates is generated with lateral spray head partly overlaps, so that by road Dirt at dirt that kerb is kept off back and road surface and kerbstone boundary angle can be arranged on the first high pressure gas nozzle-end The high pressure draught and lateral spray head that high pressure nozzle sprays are punched in the air-flow being reflected back on kerbstone and rush at vehicle body cross jointly It to middle part, therefore solves the problems, such as the recycling to road corner dirt, makes road sweeper that brush not used comprehensively to collect yet Dirt.
In dead ship condition, the first high pressure gas jet pipe deflects to vehicle transverse direction under the action of first level deflection mechanism Inside.
The air outlet of the high pressure gas generating device is connected to by the second delivery pipe 12 with the first high pressure gas jet pipe 10, Under the pressurization of high pressure gas generating device, the no brush high pressure gas road sweeper directly passes through high pressure gas nozzle and sprays High pressure draught out cleans ground, while dirt is swept to the spray of vehicle body lateral middle.
Without brush high pressure gas road sweeper in the present embodiment, directly adopt by high pressure gas generating device pressurization after again from Road surface is swept in the high pressure gas punching that high pressure gas nozzle sprays, and the pressure for adjusting high pressure gas by high pressure gas generating device is gentle Body flow can guarantee that effect is swept in spray.It is swept in operation process in spray, the first high pressure gas jet pipe of high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism exists It is located at except vehicle both lateral sides when work, but since the injection side of the high pressure gas nozzle on the first high pressure gas jet pipe is to court To vehicle lateral middle, dust is blowed in the middle part of vehicle bottom by high pressure draught, takes off and can will take positioned at the suction of body bottom in this way Air with dust sucks dirt collection bin, and the filter device being arranged in dirt collection bin gets off the dust-filtering in air, Dust is absorbed by the water in dirt collection bin.
The brush on existing road sweeper is eliminated without brush high pressure gas road sweeper in the present embodiment, therefore solves use Brush, which is swept the floor, can lead to the problem of toxic dust and need to be replaced frequently brush.
And the present embodiment is without brush high pressure gas road sweeper, due to directlying adopt the height of high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism ejection Body of calming the anger rushes face of sweeping the floor, and can quickly sweep road surface spray completely, so that road sweeper can be advanced with fast speed, efficiency is swept in spray It is higher.
And after operation is swept in spray, since the first high pressure gas jet pipe in high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism can be first It is deflected on the inside of vehicle body under the action of horizontal nutation mechanism from vehicle body lateral outer side, therefore is avoided that the first high pressure gas jet pipe accounts for With wide horizontal space, it is convenient for parking.
The first high pressure gas jet pipe is hinged on first level deflection mechanism as a further modification of the present embodiment, First high pressure gas jet pipe and vehicle body described in working condition it is horizontally-parallel, and be additionally provided on first level deflection mechanism and make One high pressure gas jet pipe keeps stable return spring A 13.This improvement so that high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism the first high pressure gas Jet pipe can collide in operation process with road edge, and the first high pressure gas jet pipe is kept away by deflection automatically when colliding Exempt from damaged in collision, and after collision the first high pressure gas jet pipe can under the pulling force effect of return spring A return, therefore One high pressure gas jet pipe has good collision prevention function, to road roadside, corner better adaptability.
As to above each further improvement of this embodiment, the both ends of the bothrium are additionally provided with side soil pick-up mechanism, The second horizontal nutation mechanism that side soil pick-up mechanism includes the fixation bracket 14 connecting with bothrium, is connect with fixed bracket 15, the sucker 16 that is arranged in the second horizontal nutation mechanism and the third that the dirt that sucker sucks is sent to dirt collection bin Delivery pipe 17, the sucker are made of rubber or elastic plastic material, the main suction inlet of the suction inlet of the sucker towards ground.
In working condition, the sucker deflects to vehicle lateral outer side under the action of the second horizontal nutation mechanism;
In dead ship condition, the sucker deflects to vehicle laterally inboard under the action of the second horizontal nutation mechanism.
In the above various embodiments, second lifting regulating mechanism includes seat board 18, connection body bottom and seat board Parallelogram mechanism 19 and the first driving cylinder 20, the cylinder ends of first driving cylinder are hinged on body bottom, described The piston rod end of first driving cylinder is hinged on seat board.Certainly in different embodiments, second lifting regulating mechanism may be used also It takes other form, the cylinder as parallelogram mechanism 15 and the first driving cylinder 20 can be arranged directly by one vertically replaces Generation.
In the embodiment above, the first level deflection mechanism includes crank and rocker mechanism 21 and the second driving cylinder 22, The crank and rocker mechanism is hingedly made of first connecting rod, second connecting rod, third connecting rod and fourth link, and wherein second connecting rod is Crank;The first connecting rod is fixed on seat board, and the cylinder body of second driving cylinder is hinged on the work of seat board and the second driving cylinder Stopper rod is hinged with fourth link, and connecting plate A 23 is hinged on the third connecting rod, and the first high pressure gas jet pipe is fixed on company On plate A, the both ends of the return spring A13 are connected on third connecting rod and connecting plate A.
In the embodiment above, when using vertical deflection mechanism substitution horizontal nutation mechanism, the vertical deflection mechanism Including by the connecting plate B 24 that can be hinged on seat board in a manner of vertical rotating and being arranged on seat board for driving connecting plate vertical The third driving cylinder 25 of rotation, connecting plate C 26 is hinged on the connecting plate B, and the first high pressure gas jet pipe is arranged in connecting plate C On, the both ends of the return spring A are separately fixed on connecting plate B and connecting plate C, and the cylinder body of third driving cylinder is hinged on seat board, The piston rod of third driving cylinder and connecting plate B are hinged.Certainly in different embodiments, the cylinder body of third driving cylinder can also be fixedly installed It on seat board, at this moment needs that sliding slot is arranged on connecting plate B, and the company connecting with the piston rod of third driving cylinder is set in sliding slot Outbound;And crank and rocker mechanism can also be used in vertical deflection mechanism, and only crank and rocker mechanism at this moment needs to be arranged perpendicular In straight plane.
In the embodiment above, second horizontal nutation mechanism includes the beat frame 151 connecting with fixed bracket and sets The 4th driving cylinder 152 for driving beat frame beat on fixed bracket is set, is hinged with connecting plate D 27, the suction on the beat frame Disk is fixed on connecting plate D, and by the connection of return spring B 28, the return spring B is inhaled for keeping by the beat frame and connecting plate D Disk is stablized.As shown in figure 5, beat frame 151 is also crank and rocker mechanism, wherein connecting plate D 27 is hinged on crank;Certainly not It can also be the linkwork of other forms with its in embodiment.
As to the further of the above various embodiments, the bothrium 6 that the suction is taken off is by main bothrium 61 and covers at main bothrium both ends Secondary bothrium 62 form, the air entry of main bothrium and secondary bothrium is arranged on the bottom surface and leading flank of bothrium, the pair bothrium with Main bothrium is slidably matched along main bothrium length direction, and first delivery pipe is connected on main bothrium, and it further includes adjusting that the suction, which is taken off, Save the lateral adjustment that secondary bothrium skids off length along the both ends of main bothrium.This improvement by lateral adjustment so that changed secondary Bothrium is adjustable the soil pick-up range of bothrium to the length that two sides are stretched out, so that the soil pick-up range that suction is lain prone is wider, can preferably siphon away Cleaning air-flow with dust.
The first lifting regulating mechanism described in the above various embodiments comprising setting is indulged in body bottom and along vehicle body The other end on main bothrium, which is connected to, to the 5th driving cylinder 29 of arrangement, one end is connected to the steel on the 5th driving cylinder piston rod end Rope 30 and body bottom is set for the pulley 31 that is oriented to steel cable, first lifting regulating mechanism further includes Connect the articulated linkage 32 of body bottom and main bothrium, the articulated shaft of the articulated linkage and vehicle body it is horizontally-parallel.Due to steel Rope and the position of articulated linkage in the vertical direction can be adjusted flexibly, and take off the feelings that are uneven that can adapt to road surface automatically so that inhaling Condition avoids the problem that leading to collision, vibration damage because of Uneven road.Certainly in different embodiments, the 5th driving cylinder 33 may be used also The shaft substitution being driven by motor, steel cable is connected in shaft, rotates debit's steel cable by motor-driven rotatable shaft, equally can be real The now distance of adjustment bothrium from the ground.Other forms in the prior art also can be used in certain first lifting regulating mechanism.
The lateral adjustment in the embodiment above, by be fixed on main bothrium motor 33, be arranged in pair It thread bush 34 on bothrium and connect with machine shaft and is formed with the screw rod 35 of thread bush cooperation, pass through motor driven silk The position of the i.e. adjustable secondary bothrium of thick stick rotation.Certainly in different embodiments, the lateral adjustment can also be to be fixed on master The 6th driving cylinder on bothrium, the piston rod of the 6th driving cylinder connect with secondary bothrium, are also adjusted by the 6th driving cylinder The position of secondary bothrium.
As the further improvement to above embodiments, it is additionally provided with water tank 36 and water pump 37 on the vehicle body, described The water spray jet pipe 38 parallel with the first high pressure gas jet pipe is additionally provided in one horizontal nutation mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism, it is described Dust-proof nozzle 39 of spraying water is additionally provided on water spray jet pipe;The water inlet of the water pump is arranged in water tank, and the water pump goes out The mouth of a river is connect by water-supply-pipe with water spray jet pipe.Dustproof effect can be played by the water spray of nozzle 39.
As the further improvement to above embodiments, it is also connected with dust excluding plate 40 on the first high pressure gas jet pipe, The overhead gage 401 and the front apron 402 of air-flow flow forward is prevented to form that the dust excluding plate is flowed up by prevention air-flow, are arranged Dust excluding plate can further decrease dust and drift.
As the further improvement to above embodiments, the second high pressure gas jet pipe 43 is provided on the seat board, it is described The second high pressure gas jet pipe is provided on seat board, the second high pressure gas jet pipe is located in vehicle transverse width, and setting second is high Pressure gas spray pipe 43 can according to need spray to road middle part and sweep.
As the further improvement to above embodiments, the bottom of the vehicle body posterior segment is provided with blowing mouth 44, described Blowing mouth is connected to by air hose with the air outlet of blower 4.This improvement so that when have during spray is swept water spray it is dust-proof when, pass through by The wind of blower blowout leads to blowing mouth discharge, can road pavement carry out air-dried, it is dry to accelerate road surface.
As the further improvement to above embodiments, the body bottom is additionally provided with the first arc deflector 45, the The length direction of one arc deflector and vehicle body it is horizontally-parallel, the first arc deflector is located at the front or behind of bothrium, The concave side of first arc deflector is towards headstock direction;The both ends of first arc deflector are nearby provided with sucker 46, The frid 47 of connection both ends sucker is provided on the lateral surface of the deflector, the frid is connect by pipeline with blower.? When air-flow encounters the first arc deflector in road sweeper traveling, air-flow is easy to form vortex in the first arc deflector, thus Increase residence time of the air-flow near bothrium, be conducive to bothrium and siphon away dirt, reduces leakage and inhale situation.In specific implementation, Baffle 48 can be also set at sucker 46, to prevent stone to splash etc. from breaking sucker.
As the further improvement to above embodiments, the front or top of the sucker are provided with the second arc deflector 49, the effect of the second arc deflector also for forming vortex to extend residence time of the air-flow near sucker, in favor of Absorption of the sucker to dirt.In specific embodiment, also suction inlet can be set in 49 end of the second arc deflector and carry out soil pick-up.
In the embodiment above, the first driving cylinder, the second driving cylinder, third driving cylinder, the 4th driving cylinder and the 5th driving Cylinder can be cylinder, be also possible to hydraulic cylinder.
Finally, it is stated that the above examples are only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and are not limiting, although referring to compared with Good embodiment describes the invention in detail, those skilled in the art should understand that, it can be to skill of the invention Art scheme is modified or replaced equivalently, and without departing from the objective and range of technical solution of the present invention, should all be covered at this In the scope of the claims of invention.

Claims (17)

1. a kind of no brush high pressure gas road sweeper, including headstock and vehicle body, dirt collection bin, blower are provided on the vehicle body And power-supply device, the bottom of the vehicle body are provided with suction and take off, the air inlet of the blower is connected to dirt collection bin, and the dirt The dust-extraction unit being dusted to the gas for entering blower is provided in object collecting box;The suction is taken off including horizontally-parallel with vehicle body The traveling wheel of the bothrium of arrangement and support bothrium and the first lifting regulating mechanism for adjusting bothrium height from the ground, institute State the first delivery pipe for being provided at the top of bothrium and the air-flow of sucking being sent to dirt collection bin;It is characterized by:
Further include the high pressure gas generating device being arranged on vehicle body and take off the high pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism in front positioned at suction, High pressure gas Pen Sao mechanism includes first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism, is arranged in first level deflection mechanism Or the first high pressure gas jet pipe on vertical deflection mechanism and be arranged on the first high pressure gas jet pipe for spraying face of sweeping the floor High pressure gas nozzle;The end of the first high pressure gas jet pipe is additionally provided with vertical jet pipe, is arranged on the vertical jet pipe There is lateral spray head;
The first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism are arranged by support frame in headstock or body bottom or described First level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism are arranged by the second lifting regulating mechanism in headstock or body bottom;Described Two lifting regulating mechanisms are for adjusting the distance between the first high pressure gas jet pipe and ground;
In working condition, the first high pressure gas jet pipe is inclined under the action of first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism Vehicle lateral outer side is gone to, the jet direction of the high pressure gas nozzle is laterally cross-shaped with vehicle, sprays high pressure gas nozzle High pressure draught flowed not only towards ground flowing, also towards vehicle lateral middle, the jet direction of the lateral spray head is front lower place, and What the spraying high-pressure gas stream interface and lateral spray head that the high pressure gas nozzle being arranged on the first high pressure gas jet pipe generates generated Spraying high-pressure gas stream interface partly overlaps;
In dead ship condition, the first high pressure gas jet pipe is inclined under the action of first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism Go to vehicle laterally inboard;
The air outlet of the high pressure gas generating device is connected to by the second delivery pipe with the first high pressure gas jet pipe, in high pressure gas Under the pressurization of body generating device, the no brush high pressure gas road sweeper directly passes through the high pressure that high pressure gas nozzle sprays Air-flow cleans ground, while dirt is swept to the spray of vehicle body lateral middle.
2. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the first high pressure gas jet pipe It is hinged on first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism, the first high pressure gas jet pipe described in working condition and vehicle body It is horizontally-parallel, and being additionally provided on first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism makes the first high pressure gas jet pipe keep stablizing Return spring A.
3. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the both ends of the bothrium are also set up Have a side soil pick-up mechanism, side soil pick-up mechanism includes the fixation bracket connecting with bothrium, connect with fixed bracket second Horizontal nutation mechanism, the sucker being arranged in the second horizontal nutation mechanism and by sucker suck dirt be sent to dirt-collecting The third delivery pipe of case, the sucker are made of rubber or elastic plastic material, the main suction of the suction inlet of the sucker towards ground Mouthful;
In working condition, the sucker deflects to vehicle lateral outer side under the action of the second horizontal nutation mechanism;
In dead ship condition, the sucker deflects to vehicle laterally inboard under the action of the second horizontal nutation mechanism.
4. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: second lifting regulating mechanism Parallelogram mechanism and the first driving cylinder including seat board, connection body bottom and seat board, the cylinder of first driving cylinder Body end portion is hinged on body bottom, and the piston rod end of first driving cylinder is hinged on seat board.
5. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the first level deflection mechanism Including crank and rocker mechanism and the second driving cylinder, the crank and rocker mechanism is by first connecting rod, second connecting rod, third connecting rod and Double leval jib is hingedly constituted,
The first connecting rod is fixed on seat board, and the work of seat board and the second driving cylinder is arranged in the cylinder body of second driving cylinder Stopper rod is hinged with fourth link, and connecting plate A is hinged on the third connecting rod, and the first high pressure gas jet pipe is fixed on connecting plate A On, the both ends of the return spring A are connected on third connecting rod and connecting plate A.
6. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the vertical deflection mechanism includes By the connecting plate B that can be hinged on seat board in a manner of vertical rotating and it is arranged on seat board for driving connecting plate vertical rotating Third driving cylinder is hinged with connecting plate C on the connecting plate B, and the first high pressure gas jet pipe is arranged on connecting plate C, the return The both ends of spring A are separately fixed on connecting plate B and connecting plate C, and the cylinder body of third driving cylinder is hinged on seat board, third driving cylinder Piston rod and connecting plate B are hinged.
7. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: second horizontal nutation mechanism The 4th driving cylinder of beat frame beat is driven on fixed bracket including beat frame connect with fixed bracket and being arranged in, it is described inclined Connecting plate D is hinged on rocker, the sucker is fixed on connecting plate D, and the beat frame is connected with connecting plate D by return spring B, institute Return spring B is stated for keeping sucker to stablize.
8. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
First lifting regulating mechanism includes that setting connects in body bottom and along longitudinally arranged 5th driving cylinder of vehicle body, one end Connect steel cable that the other end on main bothrium is connected on the 5th driving cylinder piston rod end and setting body bottom for pair The pulley that steel cable is oriented to, first lifting regulating mechanism further include the articulated linkage for connecting body bottom and main bothrium, The articulated shaft of the articulated linkage and vehicle body it is horizontally-parallel.
9. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The bothrium taken off of inhaling is made of main bothrium and the secondary bothrium covered at main bothrium both ends, the air entry of main bothrium and secondary bothrium It is arranged on the bottom surface and leading flank of bothrium, the pair bothrium is slidably matched with main bothrium along main bothrium length direction, and described the One delivery pipe is connected on main bothrium, and it further includes the lateral tune for adjusting secondary bothrium and skidding off length along the both ends of main bothrium that the suction, which is taken off, Save mechanism.
10. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:
The lateral adjustment is by the motor being fixed on main bothrium, the thread bush being arranged on secondary bothrium and and motor Shaft connection is simultaneously formed with the screw rod of thread bush cooperation;
Or the lateral adjustment is the 6th driving cylinder being fixed on main bothrium, the piston rod of the 6th driving cylinder with Secondary bothrium connection.
11. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be additionally provided on the vehicle body Water tank and water pump are additionally provided on the first level deflection mechanism or vertical deflection mechanism parallel with the first high pressure gas jet pipe Water spray jet pipe, be additionally provided with the dust-proof nozzle of spraying water on the water spray jet pipe;The water inlet of the water pump is arranged in water tank, The water outlet of the water pump is connect by water-supply-pipe with water spray jet pipe.
12. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the first high pressure gas spray It is also connected with dust excluding plate on pipe, overhead gage that the dust excluding plate is flowed up by prevention air-flow and before preventing air-flow flow forward Baffle composition.
13. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: be provided on the seat board Two high pressure gas jet pipes, the second high pressure gas jet pipe are located in vehicle transverse width.
14. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the high pressure gas fills It is set to air compressor or high pressure blower.
15. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 11, it is characterised in that: the bottom of the vehicle body posterior segment Portion is provided with blowing mouth, and the blowing mouth is connected to by air hose with the air outlet of blower.
16. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the body bottom is also set up Have the first arc deflector, the length direction of the first arc deflector and vehicle body it is horizontally-parallel, the first arc deflector is located at The front or behind of bothrium, the concave side of the first arc deflector is towards headstock direction;The two of first arc deflector End is nearby provided with sucker, and the frid of connection both ends sucker is provided on the lateral surface of the deflector, and the frid passes through pipe Road is connect with blower.
17. no brush high pressure gas road sweeper according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the front of the sucker or on Portion is provided with the second arc deflector.
CN201811259012.0A 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 A kind of no brush high pressure gas road sweeper Pending CN109083070A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811259012.0A CN109083070A (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 A kind of no brush high pressure gas road sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811259012.0A CN109083070A (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 A kind of no brush high pressure gas road sweeper

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN109083070A true CN109083070A (en) 2018-12-25

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CN201811259012.0A Pending CN109083070A (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 A kind of no brush high pressure gas road sweeper

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Country Link
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111576301A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-08-25 李清 Road surface cleaning equipment for expressway
CN111691346A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-09-22 安徽南博机器人有限公司 Washing and sweeping system of pure electric washing and sweeping vehicle
CN112695685A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-04-23 刘宏伟 Gardens artificial hillock cleaning device
CN112796262A (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-05-14 济南百易环保科技有限公司 Collection, breakage, bagging-off, dust filtration integral type leaf collecting vehicle
CN113560295A (en) * 2021-08-11 2021-10-29 厦门威迪思汽车设计服务有限公司 Container cleaning device and cleaning method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111576301A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-08-25 李清 Road surface cleaning equipment for expressway
CN111691346A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-09-22 安徽南博机器人有限公司 Washing and sweeping system of pure electric washing and sweeping vehicle
CN112695685A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-04-23 刘宏伟 Gardens artificial hillock cleaning device
CN112796262A (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-05-14 济南百易环保科技有限公司 Collection, breakage, bagging-off, dust filtration integral type leaf collecting vehicle
CN113560295A (en) * 2021-08-11 2021-10-29 厦门威迪思汽车设计服务有限公司 Container cleaning device and cleaning method thereof

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