CN106958218B - High efficiency road sweeper - Google Patents

High efficiency road sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106958218B
CN106958218B CN201710341920.3A CN201710341920A CN106958218B CN 106958218 B CN106958218 B CN 106958218B CN 201710341920 A CN201710341920 A CN 201710341920A CN 106958218 B CN106958218 B CN 106958218B
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Prior art keywords
dustbin
little particle
ground
high efficiency
hair
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CN201710341920.3A
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CN106958218A (en
Inventor
吕志
吕师帅
刘思博
吕佳潓
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吕志
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0863Apparatus loosening or removing the dirt by blowing and subsequently dislodging it at least partially by suction ; Combined suction and blowing nozzles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0863Apparatus loosening or removing the dirt by blowing and subsequently dislodging it at least partially by suction ; Combined suction and blowing nozzles
    • E01H1/0872Apparatus loosening or removing the dirt by blowing and subsequently dislodging it at least partially by suction ; Combined suction and blowing nozzles with mechanical loosening or feeding instruments for the dirt to be removed pneumatically, e.g. brushes, scrapers

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of high efficiency road sweepers, including car body, dust collecting box, suction ventilator, it is characterised in that:Below dust collecting box bulk sundries dustbin is equipped with successively from front to back along vehicle travel direction, little particle dustbin, hair-dryer and water tank, the lower edge of the garbage inlet of bulk sundries dustbin is hinged with the adjustable shovel board with ground angle, the lower edge of the little particle garbage inlet of little particle dustbin is hinged with the adjustable trestle plate with ground angle, it is equipped with dust hood between at the top of hair-dryer and at the top of little particle dustbin, it is hinged with blow-down panel below hair-dryer, suction ventilator entrance and bulk sundries dustbin, airdraft plate is equipped between little particle dustbin and the top of dust hood, water pipe is equipped with below water tank, the end of water pipe is equipped with nozzle.Its is reasonable in design, using reliable, compared with existing sweeper, cleans speed and is substantially improved, and sweep-out pattern is expanded several times, and size granulated garbage is all received net, significantly improves sweeping efficiency, saves use cost.

Description

High efficiency road sweeper
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of high efficiency road sweepers for road cleaning, and it is big to be particularly suitable for the pavement garbages such as mine The small road-cleaning to differ.
Background technology
Currently, road sweeper is divided into two classes substantially both at home and abroad, one is sweeping and sucking type sweeper, another kind is that spray-sucking type is clear Sweep vehicle.The major defect of sweeping and sucking type sweeper is:1, brush short life need to be replaced frequently;2, when sucker mouth is away from 5~10mm of ground Effect is best, then it is to ground quality requirement height, requires the skirt cover of vehicle high, and usually skirt cover does not leak out easily road, sucker mouth with Ground distance variation can all influence suction;3, it is small to scavenge area for the suction of sucker mouth;4, it is slow to clean speed;5, to larger particles rubbish Suction picks up that power is not strong, and cleaning is not thorough.And blowing and drawing type sweeper, it is exactly that jet replaces brush, rubbish is blown under sucker mouth, by rubbish Rubbish sucks in dustbin.Strictly this two classes sweeper is all that rubbish is sucked dustbin, belongs to suction and picks up formula cleaning method, because This, two class sweepers have the shortcomings that it is common, generally existing clean speed is slow, clean be not thorough, parts replacement frequently and spare part Costly problem.
Invention content
The purpose of the invention is to provide a kind of high efficiency road sweeper to solve the above problems, structure design is closed Reason, using reliable, compared with existing sweeper, clean speed and be substantially improved, sweep-out pattern is expanded several times, and size granulated garbage is complete Portion is received only, is not had to regular replacement and is cleaned equipment, significantly improve sweeping efficiency, saves use cost.
The technical scheme is that:
A kind of high efficiency road sweeper, including car body, the dust collecting box in car body, set on the air draught for the tank inlet that gathers dust Machine, it is characterised in that:Below the dust collecting box bulk sundries dustbin, little particle are equipped with successively from front to back along vehicle travel direction The front end face of dustbin, hair-dryer and water tank, the bulk sundries dustbin is equipped with bulk sundries entrance, and the bulk sundries enters The lower edge of mouth, which is hinged with, extends to ground and the adjustable shovel board with ground angle, and the rear end face of the little particle dustbin is equipped with Little particle garbage inlet, the lower edge of the little particle garbage inlet, which is hinged with, extends to ground and the adjustable stack with ground angle Bridge plate, together with the little particle dustbin is abutted against with bulk sundries dustbin, the hair-dryer is separated by with little particle dustbin Dust hood is equipped between at the top of arrangement and hair-dryer and at the top of little particle dustbin, the hair-dryer lower section is hinged with and hair-dryer The blow-down panel inside communicated, angle of the blow-down panel to the extension of the ground in trestle plate direction and between ground is adjustable, the suction It is equipped between fans entrance and the top of bulk sundries dustbin, little particle dustbin and dust hood and communicates with suction ventilator entrance Airdraft plate, the water tank lower section are equipped with the water pipe earthward extended, and the end of the water pipe is equipped with nozzle.
Above-mentioned high efficiency road sweeper, the shovel board, trestle plate, blow-down panel respectively along width of the carbody direction arrange, with Covering sweeper travel region comprehensively.
Above-mentioned high efficiency road sweeper, the shovel board, trestle plate, blow-down panel length be more than width of the carbody, with expand Purging zone.
Above-mentioned high efficiency road sweeper, between the shovel board both sides and car body, trestle plate both sides and little particle dustbin Between, between blow-down panel both sides and car body be respectively equipped with telescopic cylinder or telescopic oil cylinder.
The quantity of above-mentioned high efficiency road sweeper, the nozzle is multiple, is evenly arranged along width of the carbody direction, with complete Face covers sweeper travel region.
Above-mentioned high efficiency road sweeper, the shovel board extend to the ground in headstock direction, and the trestle plate is to tailstock side To ground extend.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1, the present invention has overturned the principle that original road sweeper suction scavenges, using the combination shoveled, blow, inhaled, i.e., In car body walking process, big-and-middle piece of sundries is shoveled with shovel board in bulk sundries dustbin, and little particle rubbish is acted in blow-down panel Under, little particle dustbin is directly blown by trestle plate, the dust agitated is directly sucked in dust collecting box by airdraft plate, from And realize the efficient thorough cleaning of road pavement, and the faster cleaning of speed is cleaner, and sweeping efficiency and cleaning quality obtain Leap is promoted.
2, the use of shovel board, trestle plate, blow-down panel can change the angle with ground according to specific surface state, therefore, The scope of application is big, is not necessarily to regular replacement, significantly improves sweeping efficiency, saves use cost.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure:1. car body, 2. dust collecting boxes, 3. suction ventilators, 4. airdraft plates, 5. dust hoods, 6. hair-dryers, 7. water tanks, 8. water Pipe, 9. nozzles, 10. blow-down panels, 11. telescopic cylinders, 12. trestle plates, 13. telescopic cylinders, 14. little particle dustbins, 15. bulks Sundries dustbin, 16. shovel boards, 17. telescopic cylinders, 18. ground.
Specific implementation mode
As shown in Figure 1, the high efficiency road sweeper, including car body 1, the dust collecting box 2 in car body 1, it is set to dust collecting box 2 The suction ventilator 3 of entrance, the lower section of the dust collecting box 2 are equipped with bulk sundries dustbin 15, small along vehicle travel direction successively from front to back Particle dustbin 14, hair-dryer 6 and water tank 7.The front end face of bulk sundries dustbin 15 is equipped with bulk sundries entrance, bulk sundries The lower edge of entrance, which is hinged with, extends to ground 18 and the adjustable shovel board 16 with 18 angle of ground, the little particle dustbin 14 Rear end face is equipped with little particle garbage inlet, the lower edge of the little particle garbage inlet be hinged with extend to ground 18 and it is adjustable with The trestle plate 12 of 18 angle of ground, together with the little particle dustbin 14 is abutted against with bulk sundries dustbin 15, the blowing Machine 6 and little particle dustbin 14, which are separated by between arrangement and 14 top of 6 top of hair-dryer and little particle dustbin, is equipped with dust hood 5, 6 lower section of the hair-dryer is hinged with the blow-down panel 10 communicated in hair-dryer 6, ground of the blow-down panel 10 to 12 direction of trestle plate Face 18 extends and angle between ground 18 is adjustable, 3 entrance of the suction ventilator and bulk sundries dustbin 15, little particle rubbish The airdraft plate 4 communicated with 3 entrance of suction ventilator is equipped between the top of case 14 and dust hood 5.The shovel board 16, is blown trestle plate 12 Aerofoil 10 is arranged along 1 width direction of car body respectively, to cover sweeper travel region comprehensively.It is described in order to expand purging zone Shovel board 16, trestle plate 12, blow-down panel 10 length be also greater than 1 width of car body.Ground 18 of the shovel board 16 to headstock direction Extend, the trestle plate 12 extends to the ground 18 in tailstock direction, in order to realize shovel board 16, trestle plate 12 and blow-down panel 10 and ground The angular adjustment in face 18, between 16 both sides of the shovel board and car body 1, between 12 both sides of trestle plate and little particle dustbin 14, blow Telescopic cylinder 17,13,11 is respectively equipped between 10 both sides of aerofoil and car body 1.7 lower section of the water tank is equipped with earthward 18 extensions The end of water pipe 8, the water pipe 8 is equipped with nozzle 9.The quantity of the nozzle 9 is multiple, is evenly arranged along 1 width direction of car body, To cover sweeper travel region comprehensively.The vehicle bottom outer is equipped with skirt cover (being omitted in figure).
The course of work:When car body 1 is started to work, shovel board 16 is laid down with trestle plate 12 and is contacted with ground, and shovel board 16 will Big-and-middle piece of sundries garbage shovel enters in bulk sundries dustbin 15, and the hair-dryer 6 of unlatching will be small by blow-down panel 10 and trestle plate 12 Particle rubbish is directly blown into little particle dustbin 14, is blowed the dust agitated during rubbish and is passed through suction ventilator 3, dust hood 5 and dust-catching board 4 be directly sucked in dust collecting box 2, same bulk sundries dustbin 15 and the dust for being blown into little particle dustbin 14 It is equally inhaled into dust collecting box 2, while opening water injector, water tank 7 is by water pipe 8 and nozzle 9 to the ground 18 cleaned up Carry out water spray pressure dirt.After the completion of entire cleaning process, shovel board 16 is raised with trestle plate 12 and is packed up.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of high efficiency road sweeper, including car body, the dust collecting box in car body, set on the suction ventilator for the tank inlet that gathers dust, It is characterized in that:Below the dust collecting box bulk sundries dustbin, little particle rubbish are equipped with successively from front to back along vehicle travel direction The front end face of rubbish case, hair-dryer and water tank, the bulk sundries dustbin is equipped with bulk sundries entrance, the bulk sundries entrance Lower edge be hinged with and extend to ground and the adjustable shovel board with ground angle, the rear end face of the little particle dustbin is equipped with small Particle garbage inlet, the lower edge of the little particle garbage inlet, which is hinged with, extends to ground and the adjustable trestle with ground angle Plate, together with the little particle dustbin is abutted against with bulk sundries dustbin, the hair-dryer is separated by cloth with little particle dustbin Set and at the top of dry top machine portion and little particle dustbin between be equipped with dust hood, be hinged with below the hair-dryer in hair-dryer The blow-down panel communicated, angle of the blow-down panel to the extension of the ground in trestle plate direction and between ground is adjustable, the air draught The suction communicated with suction ventilator entrance is equipped between machine entrance and the top of bulk sundries dustbin, little particle dustbin and dust hood Aerofoil, the water tank lower section are equipped with the water pipe earthward extended, and the end of the water pipe is equipped with nozzle.
2. high efficiency road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The shovel board, trestle plate, blow-down panel difference It is arranged along width of the carbody direction.
3. high efficiency road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The length of the shovel board, trestle plate, blow-down panel Degree is more than width of the carbody.
4. high efficiency road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Between the shovel board both sides and car body, stack It is respectively equipped with telescopic cylinder or telescopic oil cylinder between bridge plate both sides and little particle dustbin, between blow-down panel both sides and car body.
5. high efficiency road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The quantity of the nozzle is multiple, along vehicle Body width direction is evenly arranged.
6. high efficiency road sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The shovel board is prolonged to the ground in headstock direction It stretches, the trestle plate extends to the ground in tailstock direction.
CN201710341920.3A 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 High efficiency road sweeper Active CN106958218B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710341920.3A CN106958218B (en) 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 High efficiency road sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710341920.3A CN106958218B (en) 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 High efficiency road sweeper

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CN106958218A CN106958218A (en) 2017-07-18
CN106958218B true CN106958218B (en) 2018-08-28

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112793629B (en) * 2021-03-04 2021-10-01 上海申传电气股份有限公司 Autonomous positioning method for underground coal mine explosion-proof storage battery rail electric locomotive

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2083594U (en) * 1990-09-24 1991-08-28 陈忠实 Pneumatic road surface cleaning vehicle
CN2474579Y (en) * 2000-08-07 2002-01-30 徐庭中 Pneumatic high speed sweeping car
CN1141453C (en) * 2001-06-22 2004-03-10 杨会良 Method and apparatus for cleaning road
US7086118B2 (en) * 2002-09-06 2006-08-08 Tennant Company Street sweeper with vacuumized dust control
CN206706651U (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-12-05 吕志 High efficiency road sweeper

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