CN108457230A - A kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine - Google Patents

A kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108457230A
CN108457230A CN201810288357.2A CN201810288357A CN108457230A CN 108457230 A CN108457230 A CN 108457230A CN 201810288357 A CN201810288357 A CN 201810288357A CN 108457230 A CN108457230 A CN 108457230A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
collecting tank
collecting
filter bag
ratchet
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Pending
Application number
CN201810288357.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邬宏敏
Original Assignee
邬宏敏
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Application filed by 邬宏敏 filed Critical 邬宏敏
Priority to CN201810288357.2A priority Critical patent/CN108457230A/en
Publication of CN108457230A publication Critical patent/CN108457230A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/20Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D45/00 and B01D46/00
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0863Apparatus loosening or removing the dirt by blowing and subsequently dislodging it at least partially by suction ; Combined suction and blowing nozzles

Abstract

Invention describes a kind of efficient road and square scavenging machines, including control mechanism, walking mechanism, load carrier, cleaning collecting mechanism, connecting line, level-one separator, secondary separation device and flusher;Control structure to control walking mechanism, clean collecting mechanism, level-one separator, secondary separation device action;Walking mechanism includes traveling wheel and power plant;Load carrier includes headstock, vehicle body;It includes cleaning collecting tank, support wheel, material blowpipe, baffle, reciprocating cleaning agency to clean collecting mechanism;Reciprocating cleaning agency includes linear motor, pawl supporting rack, ratchet bindiny mechanism, stalk, cleaning bar, cleaning head.The present invention improves sweeping efficiency;Harm of the road debris to pedestrian and vehicle is reduced, service life of road surface is increased;There is no reentrainment of dust in entire cleaning process, reduces air secondary pollution.

Description

A kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to road sweeper technical field, especially a kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine.
Background technology
Road road sweeper is the important tool of urban environmental protection, is widely used in the Work places in road, square, park etc.. Most of common road road sweeper inhales the cleaning method swept using round brush.
Patent 201610871671.4 is related to a kind of clearing apparatus and road sweeper of road sweeper, and wherein clearing apparatus includes connecting It connects frame, clean main body and floating regulating device, clean main body and be mounted on link, the first end of link and the bottom of road sweeper Jiggering frame connects, and link can be rotated relative to the first end of link and the tie point of chassis frame, close to connection The position of the second end of frame is connect by floating regulating device with chassis frame, so that effect of the link in floating regulating device It is lower to be floated up and down according to the height fluctuations for cleaning road surface, to drive cleaning main body to float up and down.The device can avoid clear It sweeps main body to cause to damage with the shock of ground generation hardness due to cleaning the height fluctuations on road surface, improving clearing apparatus makes With the service life, sweeping efficiency also can be improved.
ZL201110370638.0 is related to a kind of dust exhaust apparatus of road sweeper, including ash storage box, and ash storage box top is fixed and set Suction box is set, the filter screen that suction box is divided into epicoele and cavity of resorption is set inside suction box, on the suction box above filter screen One end of aspiration channel is connected, the other end of the aspiration channel is connected on the exhaust fan being arranged in outside ash storage box, under filter screen It is separately connected a front side brush sweep-up pipe and an inner edge brush sweep-up pipe on the suction box of side, is arranged in the bottom of the suction box Ash discharging hole, the ash discharging hole are arranged in ash storage box.
But there is the defects of complicated, airborne dust is serious in these machines, larger harm is generated to the health of passerby.
Invention content
The problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine, can effectively clean road surface On stone, gravel and dust and other impurities, and there is no airborne dust in cleaning process.
In order to realize the purpose for solving above-mentioned technical problem, present invention employs following technical solutions:
A kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine, including control mechanism, walking mechanism, load carrier, clean collecting mechanism, even Take over road, level-one separator, secondary separation device and flusher;
Wherein, control structure is controlling walking mechanism, clean collecting mechanism, level-one separator, secondary separation device and spray Spill the action of device;
Load carrier includes headstock, vehicle body, the two fixation or is movably fixed together;
Walking mechanism includes traveling wheel and power plant, and the body bottom section in load carrier, power plant setting is arranged in traveling wheel On the vehicle body of load carrier, to drive traveling wheel movement and in order to control mechanism, cleaning collecting mechanism, level-one separation dress It sets, secondary separation device and flusher provide power;
It cleans collecting mechanism and is fixed on body structure, including clean collecting tank, support wheel, material blowpipe, baffle, reciprocating cleaning Mechanism;Cleaning collecting tank is U-type groove, and notch is towards ground, and one end tilts backwards setting below bicycle beam forward for one end;It cleans and receives Collect the elongated slot that perforation is provided at the top of the U-type groove of slot;Support wheel is arranged on cleaning collecting tank, and before cleaning collecting tank Side and rear side;Material blowpipe, which is arranged, to be cleaned the outside of close feed pipe one end of collecting tank and is being passed through cleaning collecting tank, object The air outlet direction of blowpipe is expected against feed pipe, and the air inlet of material blowpipe connects the second wind pipe end;Baffle plate setting In the rear side for cleaning the sweptback at one end of collecting tank;It, can be with by support wheel being arranged in cleaning on front side of collecting tank and rear side So that road road sweeper can be smoothed out when cleaning not bery smooth ground, and alleviate negative with the connector of vehicle body Lotus;
Reciprocating cleaning agency includes linear motor, pawl supporting rack, pawl, ratchet bindiny mechanism, stalk, cleaning bar, clear Sweep head;Wherein, linear motor is provided with the output rod that can be moved back and forth;Output rod is connect with connecting rod one end;Ratchet connects Mechanism includes ratchet, connector, and cleaning bar is fixedly connected on the lower end of ratchet;Connector, connector connection are provided on ratchet In stalk lower end;
Cleaning bar lower end is provided with cleaning head;Cleaning bar enters cleaning collecting tank by elongated slot;The setting of pawl supporting rack is cleaning Left and right side on collecting tank is provided with opposite pawl on pawl supporting rack;Pawl moves to a left side in ratchet bindiny mechanism When right both sides, contacted with the tooth socket of ratchet bindiny mechanism, and ratchet is pushed to be rotated by 90 °;Cleaning head is platypelloid type cleaning head.
Specifically, pawl is fixed on pawl supporting rack in which can twist, can be carried out centainly on ratchet in-plane The swing of amplitude, so as to preferably ratchet be pushed to rotate.Further specifically, the pawl is fixed on spine by torsional spring On pawl supporting rack.A more step is specifically, pawl supporting rack described in two is centrosymmetrically arranged relative to the elongated slot of perforation, spine The center of the elongated slot of pawl direction perforation or pawl are parallel with the elongated slot direction of perforation.
In this way, when needing to clean, can unidirectionally be cleaned by controlling ratchet rotation to control cleaning head, such as certainly left To it is right when, control platypelloid type cleaning head be in can the position that cleans of large area, thus cleaning head can will be clear by cleaning material It is swept to right end;When moving to right end, pawl pushes ratchet to be rotated by 90 ° so that cleaning head rotates 90 degree, in this way, when certainly right When to left movement, cleaning head is no longer on the optimum deflection state of cleaning, does not take away by cleaning material substantially;When moving to left end When, the pawl of left end pushes ratchet to be rotated by 90 ° so that cleaning head rotates 90 degree, so that the cleaning head of platypelloid type is in again The position that can be cleaned can effectively be cleaned when from left to right, will be cleaned by cleaning material to right end;So on circulate.
Level-one separator includes feed pipe, exhaust fan, Material collecting box for harvesting;
Level-one separator be arranged on the car body of baffle homonymy;Feed pipe one end setting is clear in cleaning collecting mechanism The intersection of collecting tank and baffle is swept, the other end is passed through the side on the top of Material collecting box for harvesting;The Material collecting box for harvesting lower end is provided with first Drain hole;Exhaust fan is connect with Material collecting box for harvesting upper end, and is communicated with feed pipe by Material collecting box for harvesting;The other side on the top of Material collecting box for harvesting Connect cyclone dust collectors arrival end;
Secondary separation device includes cyclone dust collectors and filter bag;The cyclone dust collectors arrival end is arranged in level-one separator The upper box part that gathers materials, cyclone dust collectors lower end is provided with the second drain hole, is provided in the wind pipe of cyclone dust collectors upper end Wind pipe is divided into two parts by catch;Catch lower part wind pipe is the first wind pipe, and the air inlet setting of filter bag exists First wind pipe end;Catch top wind pipe is the second wind pipe, and the second wind pipe end detaches dress with level-one The material blowpipe set communicates;
The flusher includes pressurized tank, pipeline and nozzle, and pressurized tank setting is connected to spray on vehicle body, and by pipeline Head, the nozzle are multiple;More specifically, the nozzle, which is set to, is cleaning collecting tank rear i.e. close to the side of vehicle body To;
Power plant provides power source for exhaust fan and linear motor.
Specifically, the load carrier is IC engine-powered vehicles or electrically driven vehicle.
Specifically, the cleaning collecting tank is channel steel, cleans collecting tank front and rear sides and be provided with abrasion-proof rubber cushion;Clear During sweeping sealing function is played to cleaning dust in collecting tank.
Specifically, the support wheel upper end is provided with spring;The steady of collecting mechanism is cleaned on roughness pavement to meet It is qualitative, and make there is certain distance between cleaning collecting tank and ground, reduce the hard friction cleaned between collecting tank and ground.
Specifically, described baffle one end is connect with collecting tank rear side is cleaned, the other end passes through belt and hook and cleans It is connected on front side of collecting tank, the hole of different distance is provided on belt, adjustable baffle plate is relative to the folding angle for cleaning collecting tank.
Specifically, the filter bag air inlet and/or gas outlet can also be arranged by pipeline in exhaust fan air inlet Place;To enhance the filter effect of filter bag, dirt of having a surplus in air is prevented.
Specifically, first wind pipe and filter bag may be configured as one or more.
Further specifically, being provided with filtering cabin outside the filter bag, filtering cabin includes that filtering cabin entrance, filtering cabin go out Mouth, filter bag chamber, filter bag frame, filtering cabin entrance be arranged outside filter bag air inlet, and with filter bag inlet end outer fringe seal Connection, filter bag chamber are located between filtering cabin entrance and filtering cabin export, filter bag frame be fixed on filter bag intracavitary and with mistake It is that wire forms caged metal wire structure that filter bag chamber, which has gap, filter bag frame, is wrapped in filter bag outer rim;Filtering cabin export with The air inlet of material blowpipe connects.
When in use, exhaust fan automobile body power is connected to, starts road sweeper and moves ahead, support wheel, which moves ahead to drive, cleans collecting tank Forward, under the promotion for cleaning collecting tank, and under cleaning head effect, edge cleans collecting tank for stone and dust and other impurities on road surface Sundries is gathered in and cleans collecting tank and baffle intersection by inclined direction, and the outlet air promotion due to material blowpipe and exhausting The effect of machine, sundries are inhaled into from the nozzle of feed pipe, and heavier stone and gravel deposit in Material collecting box for harvesting, lighter dust Deng continuation uplink, enter the arrival end of cyclone dust collectors in the upper box part that gathers materials, after the effect of the spin of cyclone dust collectors, big portion Divide dust to drop down onto at the second drain hole of cyclone dust collectors lower end to deposit, minimum a part of dust, with the outlet air of cyclone dust collectors Pipeline rises, and due to baffle effect, is deposited into filter bag, the wind outlet of filter bag end can also be arranged exhaust fan into At wind, enhances the filter effect of filter bag, prevent dirt of having a surplus in air;Second wind pipe of cyclone dust collectors is by outlet air along pipe Road is sent to the material blowpipe for cleaning collecting mechanism, and sundries is blown afloat and assembled to feed pipe along collecting tank is cleaned by material blowpipe Nozzle forms the airflow circulating in entire cleaning process, and the nozzle setting of flusher is cleaning collecting tank rear, swept Road surface on sprayed, more ensure does not have airborne dust in cleaning process.
When being provided with filtering cabin, filter bag other filtered after, diffuse into filtering cabin, it is logical by the outlet of filtering cabin Enter the air inlet of material blowpipe, and as the auxiliary strength for carrying stone and dust and other impurities, decreases and detach filter bag When the air-flow gone out after dust is directly output in surrounding enviroment, the gas pollution on the environment of clean dust is not removed.
After the completion of cleaning work, by the first drain hole and the second drain hole of road sweeper Material collecting box for harvesting and cyclone dust collectors point It does not open, the rubbish of cleaning is put to waste repository and completes cleaning works.
When there is special requirement, flusher is also used as the sprinkling tool of preventive medical, anti-by being injected in pressurized tank Epidemic disease drug can both carry out epidemic prevention operation.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention has advantageous effect below:
1, in cleaning process, bulky grain sundries and dust can disposably be cleaned up along collecting tank aggregation is cleaned, Improve sweeping efficiency;Harm of the road debris to pedestrian and vehicle is reduced, service life of road surface is increased.
2, due to cleaning the setting of collecting tank abrasive rubber, dust can be sealed in purge, process of gathering materials In there is no airborne dust;And the dust exhaust apparatus and separator set gradually, bulky grain sundries are assembled in the Material collecting box for harvesting of dust exhaust apparatus Afterwards, lighter dust is deposited after separator, and the air-flow of device is cycle, is not had in entire cleaning process Reentrainment of dust reduces air secondary pollution, reduces harm of the airborne dust to cleaning work personnel;By the way that support wheel is arranged in clear Collecting tank front side and rear side are swept, road road sweeper can be made when cleaning not bery smooth ground, can be smoothed out, and subtract The light load with the connector of vehicle body.
3, the setting of flusher, road pavement is sprinkled water after cleaning, the inhibition of dirt, another party more than one side road pavement Face can achieve the purpose that multi-purpose content, when preventing epidemic operation, can will be exchanged with preventive medical in pressurized tank, be sprayed to anti-epidemic-stricken area Spill operation.
4, the device of the present patent application, it is ingenious be utilized level-one separator and secondary separation device to isolate bulky grain miscellaneous Air-flow after object and lighter dust, is output in material blowpipe, and the air-flow is utilized as carrying stone and dust and other impurities Auxiliary strength, level-one separator and secondary separation device are isolated into bulky grain sundries and lighter ash but also reducing When air-flow after dirt is directly output in surrounding enviroment, environment is made due to detaching the band dusty gas two not exclusively released At pollution.
5, by the way that the rotatable cleaning head moved back and forth is arranged, big sundries can preferably be cleaned;Cleaning head Sundries can be cleaned to feed pipe road junction when being moved to side, and utilizes the air blowing effect of material blowpipe and exhausting The suction of machine, sundries is transported away.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall schematic of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the cleaning collecting mechanism and reciprocating cleaning agency of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the connection diagram of the reciprocating cleaning agency part-structure of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the connection diagram of the level-one separator and secondary separation device of the present invention.
In figure, 1- load carriers, 21- cleaning collecting tanks, 210- elongated slots, 22- support wheels, 23- material blowpipes, 24- baffles, 250- linear motors, 251- output rods, 252- pawl supporting racks, 253- pawls, 254- ratchets, 255- connectors, 256- connections Bar, 257- cleaning bars, 258- cleaning heads, 31- feed pipes, 32- exhaust fans, 33- Material collecting box for harvesting, the first drain holes of 331-, 41- whirlwind Deduster, the first wind pipes of 411-, the second wind pipes of 412-, the second drain holes of 413-, 42- filter bags, 51- pressurized tanks, 52- pipelines, 53- nozzles.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is further explained below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.But protection scope of the present invention is not limited to specifically implement Mode.
A kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine of the present invention, including it is control mechanism, walking mechanism, load carrier 1, clear Sweep collecting mechanism, connecting line, level-one separator, secondary separation device and flusher.
Wherein, control structure to control walking mechanism, clean collecting mechanism, level-one separator, secondary separation device Action;
Walking mechanism includes traveling wheel and power plant, and the body bottom section in load carrier 1, power plant setting is arranged in traveling wheel Body top section in load carrier 1 or lower part, to drive traveling wheel to move.
Load carrier 1 includes headstock, vehicle body, the two fixation or is movably fixed together.
It includes cleaning collecting tank 21, support wheel 22, material blowpipe 23, baffle 24, reciprocating scavenging machine to clean collecting mechanism Structure;Cleaning collecting tank 21 is U-type groove, and notch is towards ground, and one end tilts backwards setting below bicycle beam forward for one end;It cleans and receives Integrate slot 21 as channel steel, cleans 21 front and rear sides of collecting tank and be provided with abrasion-proof rubber cushion;To cleaning collecting tank 21 in cleaning process Interior dust plays sealing function.Clean the elongated slot 210 that perforation is provided at the top of the U-type groove of collecting tank 21;Support wheel 22 is arranged It is provided with spring on cleaning collecting tank 21, and positioned at 21 front side of cleaning collecting tank and rear side, 22 upper end of support wheel;To meet not The stability of collecting mechanism is cleaned on smooth-riding surface, and makes there is certain distance between cleaning collecting tank 21 and ground, is reduced clear Sweep the hard friction between collecting tank 21 and ground so that road road sweeper when cleaning not bery smooth ground, can smoothly into Row, and alleviate the load with the connector of vehicle body;Material blowpipe 23 is arranged in the close feed pipe 31 for cleaning collecting tank 21 The outside of one end, which is simultaneously passed through, cleans collecting tank 21, and the air outlet direction of material blowpipe 23 is against feed pipe 31, material blowpipe 23 Air inlet connect the second wind pipe 412 end;Baffle 24 is arranged after cleaning 21 sweptback at one end of collecting tank Side;24 one end of baffle is connect with 21 rear side of collecting tank is cleaned, and the other end is connected by belt and hook with 21 front side of collecting tank is cleaned It connects, the hole of different distance is provided on belt, adjustable baffle plate 24 is relative to the folding angle for cleaning collecting tank 21.
Reciprocating cleaning agency includes linear motor 250, pawl supporting rack 252, ratchet bindiny mechanism, stalk, cleaning Bar 257, cleaning head 258;Wherein, linear motor 250 is provided with the output rod 251 that can be moved back and forth;Output rod 251 with connect 256 one end of bar connects;Ratchet bindiny mechanism includes ratchet 254, and cleaning bar 257 is fixedly connected on the lower end of ratchet 254;Ratchet Connector 255 is provided on 254, connector 255 is connected to stalk lower end.
257 lower end of cleaning bar is provided with cleaning head 258;Cleaning bar 257 is entered by elongated slot 210;Pawl supporting rack 252 is set It sets in the left and right side for cleaning collecting tank 21, pawl supporting rack 252 is provided with opposite pawl 253, and pawl 253 can twist ground It is fixed on pawl supporting rack 252;It can be in the swing with progress certain amplitude on 254 in-plane of ratchet, so as to more Ratchet 254 is pushed to rotate well;Pawl 253 is when ratchet bindiny mechanism moves to the left and right sides, the tooth with ratchet bindiny mechanism Slot contacts, and ratchet 254 is pushed to be rotated by 90 °;Cleaning head 258 is platypelloid type cleaning head 258.
In this way, when needing to clean, unidirectionally cleaned by controlling cleaning head 258, such as when from left to right, control is flat The cleaning head 258 of type is in the position that can be cleaned;When moving to right end, pawl 253 pushes ratchet 254 to be rotated by 90 °, and makes It obtains cleaning head 258 and rotates 90 degree, in this way, when being moved from right-to-left, cleaning head 258 is no longer on the optimum deflection shape of cleaning State is not taken away by cleaning material substantially;When moving to left end, the pawl 253 of left end pushes ratchet 254 to be rotated by 90 ° so that Cleaning head 258 rotates 90 degree, so that the cleaning head 258 of platypelloid type is in the position that can be cleaned again, it can be from left to right Shi Jinhang is effectively cleaned;So on circulate.
Level-one separator includes feed pipe 31, exhaust fan 32, Material collecting box for harvesting 33;Level-one separator setting with baffle 24 On the car body of homonymy;The intersection in the cleaning collecting tank 21 and baffle 24 for cleaning collecting mechanism is arranged in 31 one end of feed pipe, The other end is passed through the top of Material collecting box for harvesting 33;33 lower end of Material collecting box for harvesting is provided with the first drain hole 331;On exhaust fan 32 and Material collecting box for harvesting 33 End connection, and communicated with feed pipe 31 by Material collecting box for harvesting 33.
Secondary separation device includes cyclone dust collectors 41 and filter bag 42;41 arrival end of cyclone dust collectors is arranged in a fraction 33 top of Material collecting box for harvesting from device, 41 lower end of cyclone dust collectors are provided with the second drain hole 413, are brought out on cyclone dust collectors 41 It is provided with catch in wind pipeline, wind pipe is divided into two parts;Catch lower part wind pipe is the first wind pipe 411, mistake The air inlet of filter bag 42 is arranged in 411 end of the first wind pipe;42 air inlet/outlet of filter bag is arranged by pipeline in exhaust fan 32 air inlets;To enhance the filter effect of filter bag 42, dirt of having a surplus in air is prevented;Catch top wind pipe goes out for second Wind pipeline 412,412 end of the second wind pipe are communicated with the material blowpipe 23 of level-one separator.
Flusher includes pressurized tank 51, pipeline 52 and nozzle 53, and pressurized tank 51 is arranged on vehicle body, and nozzle 53 is uniformly set It sets on pipeline 52, and positioned at 21 rear of cleaning collecting tank.
Power plant is generator, and generator is that exhaust fan 32 and linear motor 250 provide power source.
Load carrier 1 is motor tricycle.
When in use, exhaust fan 32 is connected to automobile body power, starts road sweeper and moves ahead, support wheel 22 moves ahead to drive and clean Forward, under the promotion for cleaning collecting tank 21, cleaning head 258 carries out unidirectional clear collecting tank 21 for stone and dust and other impurities on road surface It sweeps, and under the action of the outlet air of material blowpipe 23, along 21 inclined direction of collecting tank is cleaned, sundries is gathered in cleaning collecting tank 21 and 24 intersection of baffle, and due to the effect of exhaust fan 32, sundries is inhaled into from the nozzle of feed pipe 31, heavier stone It is deposited in Material collecting box for harvesting 33 with gravel, lighter dust etc. continues uplink, enters cyclone dust collectors 41 on 33 top of Material collecting box for harvesting Arrival end, after the effect of the spin of cyclone dust collectors 41, most of dust drops down onto the second blowing of 41 lower end of cyclone dust collectors It deposits at mouthful, minimum a part of dust, rises with the wind pipe of cyclone dust collectors 41, since baffle 24 acts on, into filtering Bag 42 deposits, and the wind outlet of 42 end of filter bag can also be arranged in 32 air inlet of exhaust fan, enhance the filtering of filter bag 42 Effect prevents dirt of having a surplus in air;Second wind pipe 412 of cyclone dust collectors 41 send outlet air to cleaning collection machine along pipeline Dust is blown afloat and is assembled to the nozzle of feed pipe 31, shape along collecting tank 21 is cleaned by the material blowpipe 23 of structure, material blowpipe 23 At the airflow circulating in entire cleaning process, the setting of nozzle 53 of flusher is cleaning 21 rear of collecting tank, swept It is sprayed on road surface, more ensure does not have airborne dust in cleaning process.
After the completion of cleaning work, by the first drain hole 331 and second of road sweeper Material collecting box for harvesting 33 and cyclone dust collectors 41 Drain hole is opened respectively, and the rubbish of cleaning is put to waste repository and completes cleaning works.
When there is special requirement, flusher is also used as the sprinkling tool of preventive medical, by injection in pressurized tank 51 Preventive medical can both carry out epidemic prevention operation.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine, which is characterized in that including:Control mechanism, walking mechanism, load carrier, Clean collecting mechanism, connecting line, level-one separator, secondary separation device and flusher;
Wherein, control structure to control walking mechanism, clean collecting mechanism, level-one separator, secondary separation device it is dynamic Make;
Walking mechanism includes traveling wheel and power plant, and the body bottom section in load carrier, power plant setting is arranged in traveling wheel On the vehicle body of load carrier, to drive traveling wheel movement and in order to control mechanism, cleaning collecting mechanism, level-one separation dress It sets, secondary separation device and flusher provide power;
Load carrier includes headstock, vehicle body, the two fixation or is movably fixed together;
It cleans collecting mechanism and is fixed on body structure, including clean collecting tank, support wheel, material blowpipe, baffle, reciprocating cleaning Mechanism;Cleaning collecting tank is U-type groove, and notch is towards ground, and one end tilts backwards setting below bicycle beam forward for one end;It cleans and receives Collect the elongated slot that perforation is provided at the top of the U-type groove of slot;Support wheel is arranged on cleaning collecting tank, and before cleaning collecting tank Side and rear side, support wheel upper end are provided with spring;Material blowpipe, which is arranged, is cleaning the outer of close feed pipe one end of collecting tank Side is simultaneously passed through cleaning collecting tank, and against feed pipe, the air inlet of material blowpipe connects second in the air outlet direction of material blowpipe Wind pipe end;Baffle plate setting is in the rear side for cleaning the sweptback at one end of collecting tank;
Reciprocating cleaning agency includes linear motor, pawl supporting rack, ratchet bindiny mechanism, stalk, cleaning bar, cleaning head; Wherein, linear motor is provided with the output rod that can be moved back and forth;Output rod is connect with connecting rod one end;Ratchet bindiny mechanism wraps Ratchet, connector are included, cleaning bar is fixedly connected on the lower end of ratchet;Connector is provided on ratchet, connector is connected to connection Stalk lower end;
Cleaning bar lower end is provided with cleaning head;Cleaning bar enters cleaning collecting tank by elongated slot;The setting of pawl supporting rack is cleaning Left and right side on collecting tank, pawl supporting rack are provided with opposite pawl;Pawl is fixed on pawl supporting rack by torsional spring On;Pawl supporting rack described in two is centrosymmetrically arranged relative to the elongated slot of perforation, and pawl is directed toward in the elongated slot of perforation The heart or pawl are parallel with the elongated slot direction of perforation;Pawl is connect when ratchet bindiny mechanism moves to the left and right sides with ratchet The tooth socket of mechanism contacts, and ratchet is pushed to be rotated by 90 °;Cleaning head is platypelloid type cleaning head;
Level-one separator includes feed pipe, exhaust fan, Material collecting box for harvesting;
Level-one separator be arranged on the car body of baffle homonymy;Feed pipe one end setting is clear in cleaning collecting mechanism The intersection of collecting tank and baffle is swept, the other end is passed through the top of Material collecting box for harvesting;The Material collecting box for harvesting lower end is provided with the first drain hole; Wind turbine is connect with Material collecting box for harvesting upper end, and is communicated with feed pipe by Material collecting box for harvesting;
Secondary separation device includes cyclone dust collectors and filter bag;
The upper box part that gathers materials in level-one separator is arranged in the cyclone dust collectors arrival end, and cyclone dust collectors lower end is provided with Second drain hole is provided with catch in the wind pipe of cyclone dust collectors upper end, wind pipe is divided into two parts;Catch lower part goes out Wind pipeline is the first wind pipe, and the air inlet of filter bag is arranged in the first wind pipe end;Catch top wind pipe is Second wind pipe, the second wind pipe end are communicated with the material blowpipe of level-one separator;
The flusher includes pressurized tank, pipeline and nozzle, and pressurized tank is arranged on vehicle body, and nozzle is uniformly arranged on pipeline On, and positioned at cleaning collecting tank rear;
Power plant provides power source for wind turbine and linear motor.
2. efficient road according to claim 1 and square scavenging machine, it is characterized in that:The load carrier is internal combustion Machine drives vehicle or electrically driven vehicle.
3. efficient road according to claim 1 and square scavenging machine, it is characterized in that:The cleaning collecting tank is slot Steel cleans collecting tank front and rear sides and is provided with abrasion-proof rubber cushion;In cleaning process sealing is played to cleaning dust in collecting tank Effect.
4. efficient road according to claim 1 and square scavenging machine, it is characterized in that:Described baffle one end and cleaning Connection on rear side of collecting tank, the other end are connect by belt and hook with collecting tank front side is cleaned, and different distance is provided on belt Hole, adjustable baffle plate relative to clean collecting tank folding angle.
5. efficient road according to claim 1 and square scavenging machine, it is characterized in that:The filter bag into and/or Gas outlet is arranged by pipeline at air inlet.
6. efficient road according to claim 1 and square scavenging machine, it is characterized in that:First wind pipe and Filter bag is set as one or more.
7. efficient road according to any one of claims 1 to 6 and square scavenging machine, it is characterized in that:The filtering Bag is outer to be provided with filtering cabin, and filtering cabin includes filtering cabin entrance, filtering cabin outlet, filter bag chamber, filter bag frame, filtering cabin entrance Setting is connect outside filter bag air inlet, and with filter bag inlet end outer fringe seal, and filter bag chamber is located at filtering cabin entrance and mistake Between filter position outlet, it is wire shape that filter bag frame, which is fixed on filter bag intracavitary and has gap, filter bag frame with filter bag chamber, At caged metal wire structure, it is wrapped in filter bag outer rim;Filtering cabin outlet is connect with the air inlet of material blowpipe.
CN201810288357.2A 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine Pending CN108457230A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810288357.2A CN108457230A (en) 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810288357.2A CN108457230A (en) 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN108457230A true CN108457230A (en) 2018-08-28

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CN201810288357.2A Pending CN108457230A (en) 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A kind of efficient road and square scavenging machine

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CN110180289A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-30 王建荣 A kind of construction dust-extraction unit
CN110847099A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-02-28 劲旅环境科技有限公司 A high efficiency air duct system for road surface blasts operation

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN110180289A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-30 王建荣 A kind of construction dust-extraction unit
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CN110847099A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-02-28 劲旅环境科技有限公司 A high efficiency air duct system for road surface blasts operation

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Application publication date: 20180828