CN210202771U - Arid area trees collection rain irrigation equipment - Google Patents

Arid area trees collection rain irrigation equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210202771U
CN210202771U CN201920882291.XU CN201920882291U CN210202771U CN 210202771 U CN210202771 U CN 210202771U CN 201920882291 U CN201920882291 U CN 201920882291U CN 210202771 U CN210202771 U CN 210202771U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water tank
water
raceway
rain
arid
Prior art date
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201920882291.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Weibing Zhang
张卫兵
Liyan Suo
锁丽燕
Ping Wang
王平
Rui Peng
彭锐
Jiaomeng Zheng
郑娇萌
Lian Tang
唐莲
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Ningxia University
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Ningxia University
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Application filed by Ningxia University filed Critical Ningxia University
Priority to CN201920882291.XU priority Critical patent/CN210202771U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210202771U publication Critical patent/CN210202771U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The utility model relates to an irrigation equipment that is used for economic forest, protection forest etc. of arid semi-arid area, concretely relates to arid area trees rain-collecting irrigation equipment, including the water collector, bury formula water tank, first raceway and second raceway, the water collector is used for collecting the rainwater, and the water collector is located the top of burying formula water tank, buries and is equipped with water inlet and delivery port on the formula water tank, and the water collector bottom is connected through the water inlet of first raceway with burying the formula water tank, and the delivery port of burying the formula water tank is connected with the one end of second raceway, and the interval is equipped with a plurality of apopores on the second raceway. The utility model provides an arid area trees rain-collecting irrigation equipment passes through the water collector and collects the rainwater in the rainy day, and the water in the water tank is oozed through the apopore on the second raceway to the second raceway of burying formula water tank connection in the underground ground of the first raceway flow direction of connecting by the bottom again, flows to trees root, can effectively collect the rainwater, high-efficient and environmental protection.

Description

Arid area trees collection rain irrigation equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an irrigation equipment that is used for economic forest, protection forest etc. in arid area half-arid area, concretely relates to arid area trees collection rain irrigation equipment.
Background
China is a country with severe drought and water shortage, and the current situation of water resources is not optimistic. The problem of water shortage causes that plants cannot be watered, so that the rainwater has the irreplaceable advantages of simple treatment, on-site collection, nutrient content containing, difficulty in causing soil hardening and groundwater pollution and the like aiming at the conditions of water resource shortage, less rainfall amount and larger evaporation amount in arid regions in China, and if the rainfall resource can be effectively utilized to solve the irrigation problem in the arid regions, the method plays an important role in resource protection in China.
The existing irrigation modes in China mainly comprise canal seepage prevention, pipeline water delivery, spray irrigation, drip irrigation and the like, but have great defects. In recent years, although China has achieved a lot of rain collection results in the aspect of rainwater utilization, the rain collection device has many defects that the rain cannot completely penetrate into a tree root area, is quickly evaporated, cannot be effectively utilized by trees or fixed, cannot effectively and efficiently collect rainwater and the like. Most rainwater is wasted, trees gradually lack water and become dry, land is desertified, and environmental problems become serious.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a solve above-mentioned technical problem, provide a arid area trees collection rain irrigation equipment, make the vegetation grow smoothly under the condition that does not consume existing water resource, make full use of rainwater resource for the rainwater is effectively utilized by the vegetation, improves local ecological environment, improves economic benefits.
In order to achieve the technical effects, the utility model discloses a following technical scheme: the utility model provides a arid area trees rain-collecting irrigation equipment, bury formula water tank, first raceway and second raceway including water collector, ground, the water collector is used for collecting the rainwater, the water collector is located bury the top of formula water tank, bury and be equipped with water inlet and delivery port on the formula water tank, the water collector bottom is passed through first raceway with bury the water inlet connection of formula water tank, bury the delivery port of formula water tank with the one end of second raceway is connected, the interval is equipped with a plurality of apopores on the second raceway.
Furthermore, a drain outlet is arranged at the bottom of the buried water tank.
Furthermore, the upper part of one side of the buried water tank is provided with an overflow port, and the overflow port is connected with an overflow pipe.
Preferably, the water inlet is located at the top of the underground water tank.
Furthermore, the water outlets are distributed on the side wall of the buried water tank respectively, and each water outlet is correspondingly connected with a second water delivery pipe.
Preferably, the water collector is of an inverted funnel type. The inverted funnel-shaped water collector is convenient for collecting rainwater.
Preferably, the rainfall sensor also comprises a wireless communication module, and the rainfall sensor is wirelessly connected with a remote control room through the wireless communication module.
By adopting the technical scheme, the method has the following beneficial effects: the utility model provides an arid area trees rain irrigation equipment that gathers collects through the water collector in the rainy day rainwater, again by the first raceway flow direction underground that the bottom is connected bury in the formula water tank, bury the second raceway that the formula water tank is connected and ooze the apopore in the water tank through the second raceway, flow direction trees root, can utilize the rainwater through above-mentioned rain irrigation equipment that gathers, and make the rainwater permeate trees root as far as possible, can effectively collect the rainwater, high-efficient and environmental protection.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a tree rain-collecting irrigation device for arid regions provided by the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a buried water tank in the tree rain-collecting irrigation device in arid areas;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the water collector provided by the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a driving device in a water collector according to the present invention.
In the figure, the position of the upper end of the main shaft,
1. a solar panel; 2. a water collector; 2.1, supporting rods; 2.2, skeleton rods; 2.3, connecting rods; 2.4, a screw rod; 2.5, a sliding block; 2.6, bearing seats; 2.7, a motor; 2.8, a nut; 3. a first water delivery pipe; 4. a buried water tank; 4.1, a water inlet; 4.2, an overflow port; 4.3, a sewage draining outlet; 4.4, a water outlet; 5. a second water delivery pipe; 5.1, water outlet holes; 6. a rainfall sensor; 7. a storage battery; 8. A controller; 9. and a control box.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention are combined below to clearly and completely describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, and obviously, the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In the present invention, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "middle", "vertical", "horizontal", "lateral", "longitudinal", and the like indicate the orientation or positional relationship based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings. These terms are used primarily to better describe the invention and its embodiments, and are not intended to limit the indicated devices, elements or components to a particular orientation or to be constructed and operated in a particular orientation.
Moreover, some of the above terms may be used to indicate other meanings besides the orientation or positional relationship, for example, the term "on" may also be used to indicate some kind of attachment or connection relationship in some cases. The specific meaning of these terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
Furthermore, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "provided," "connected," and "coupled" are to be construed broadly. For example, it may be a fixed connection, a removable connection, or a unitary construction; can be a mechanical connection, or an electrical connection; may be directly connected, or indirectly connected through intervening media, or may be in internal communication between two devices, elements or components. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
"plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
The present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to specific embodiments and with reference to the attached drawings.
Example 1:
the embodiment provides a tree rain-collecting irrigation device in a drought region, which comprises a water collector 2, a buried water tank 4, a first water delivery pipe 3 and a second water delivery pipe 5, wherein the buried water tank 4 is preferably made of stainless steel, the water collector 2 is used for collecting rainwater, optionally, the water collector 2 can be fixed on a trunk of a tree, and preferably, the water collector 2 is in an inverted funnel shape, so that rainwater can be conveniently and effectively collected; the water collector 2 is positioned above the buried water tank 4, the buried water tank 4 is provided with a water inlet 4.1 and a water outlet 4.4, and preferably, the water inlet 4.1 is positioned at the top of the buried water tank 4. Preferably, the water outlets 4.4 are multiple and respectively distributed on the side wall of the buried water tank 4, each water outlet 4.4 is correspondingly connected with a second water pipe 5, and the second water pipes 5 extend into the root of the tree, so that rainwater can flow into the root of the tree.
The bottom of the water collector 2 is connected with a water inlet 4.1 of the buried water tank 4 through the first water delivery pipe 3, a water outlet 4.4 of the buried water tank 4 is connected with one end of the second water delivery pipe 5, and a plurality of water outlet holes 5.1 are formed in the second water delivery pipe 5 at intervals.
This collection rain irrigation equipment collects the rainwater through invering funnel type water collector in the rainy day, buries the formula water tank by the first raceway flow direction underground stainless steel that the bottom is connected again, and the second raceway that the water tank lateral wall is connected oozes the water in the water tank through the apopore on the second raceway, flows to the root of trees.
In the implementation, furthermore, the bottom of the buried water tank is provided with a sewage outlet 4.3. The water that flows in by the upper strata can have impurity such as silt, and accessible drain was discharged this moment, can know ground, and drain department is connected with the blow off pipe, is equipped with the blowoff valve on the blow off pipe, and the blow off pipe can be connected with the dredge pump, through the dredge pump so that take silt impurity in the formula water tank of burying with ground out.
If the rainfall is great, bury formula water tank and be full, the phenomenon that the device blockked up can appear, consequently can bury formula water tank one side upper portion and be equipped with gap 4.2, the gap is connected with the warning pipe, and when the water tank was full, the rainwater in the water tank flowed through the gap, can not block up device or extravagant rainwater.
Example 2:
on the basis of the above embodiment 1, the water collector provided by the present embodiment includes the support rod 2.1, the waterproof cloth, the skeleton rod 2.2, the connecting rod 2.3, the slider 2.5 and the driving device, and the support rod can be fixed on the trunk through the binding band. The plurality of skeleton rods 2.2 are arranged at intervals in the circumferential direction, the bottom of each skeleton rod 2.2 is hinged to the same position of the support rod 2.1, the sliding blocks 2.5 are arranged on the support rod 2.1 and slide up and down along the support rod 2.1 under the action of the driving device, the plurality of connecting rods 2.3 are respectively in one-to-one correspondence with the skeleton rods 2.2, one end of each connecting rod 2.3 is connected with the middle of the corresponding skeleton rod 2.2, and the other end of each connecting rod 2.3 is connected with the sliding block 2.5; the waterproof cloth is arranged on the skeleton rod 2.2 and supported by the skeleton rod 2.2 to be opened or retracted.
Further, drive arrangement includes motor 2.7, lead screw 2.4, bearing frame 2.6, bearing and nut 2.8, be equipped with the recess on the bracing piece 2.1, the motor is fixed on the bracing piece 2.1, bearing frame 2.6 and lead screw 2.4 locate in the recess, the bearing install in on the bearing frame, the one end of lead screw with the bearing is connected, the other end with the output shaft of motor, nut threaded connection be in on the lead screw 2.4, the slider with nut 2.8 fixed connection.
Preferably, the rain-proof device further comprises a rain sensor and a controller which are arranged on the water collector, and the rain sensor and the driving device are respectively connected with the controller.
The rain gauge is characterized by further comprising a rainfall sensor 6 and a controller 8 which are arranged on the water collector, wherein the rainfall sensor 6 and the driving device are respectively connected with the controller. Optionally, the rainfall sensor detects precipitation, when the detected precipitation is greater than a certain threshold value, a detected precipitation signal is sent to the controller, the controller controls the motor to rotate, an output shaft of the motor and the lead screw can be connected through a coupler, the rotating motor drives the lead screw to rotate, so that a nut on the lead screw slides downwards along the lead screw, and as the bottom of the skeleton rod is hinged to the supporting rod, the connecting rod is respectively hinged to the sliding block and the skeleton rod, and the nut slides downwards to drive the sliding block on the skeleton rod to move downwards, so that an opening of a water collector surrounded by the skeleton rod is enlarged; and when the rainfall sensor detects that the rainfall is less than a certain threshold value, controlling the opening of the water collector to shrink. The rainfall sensor is wirelessly connected with a remote control room through the wireless communication module. The rainfall sensor transmits the acquired rainfall data to a remote control room through a wireless communication module, and the remote control room monitors the data. It should be noted that the controller, the rainfall sensor, the driving device and the wireless communication module can be obtained from the market by direct purchase, and the working principle and the structure are common knowledge.
Example 3:
on the basis of the above embodiments 1 and 2, the tree-shaped solar energy supply device further comprises an energy supply device, wherein the energy supply device comprises a solar panel 1 and a storage battery 7, the solar panel 1 and the storage battery 7 are respectively connected with the controller 8, the solar panel can be arranged on the top of the trunk of the tree, the controller and the storage battery can be arranged in a control box, and the control box 9 is fixed on the trunk; the rainfall sensor and the driving device are respectively connected with the storage battery. The solar cell panel converts the obtained solar energy into electric energy through the controller and then stores the electric energy in the storage battery to supply energy to the storage battery, and the storage battery supplies power to the rainfall sensor, the driving device and the wireless communication module.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a arid area trees rain-collecting irrigation equipment, its characterized in that, includes water collector (2), buries formula water tank (4), first raceway (3) and second raceway (5), water collector (2) are used for collecting the rainwater, water collector (2) are located bury the top of formula water tank (4), be equipped with water inlet (4.1) and delivery port (4.4) on burying formula water tank (4), water collector (2) bottom is passed through first raceway (3) with bury the water inlet (4.1) of formula water tank (4) and connect, bury delivery port (4.4) of formula water tank (4) with the one end of second raceway (5) is connected, the interval is equipped with a plurality of apopores (5.1) on second raceway (5).
2. The tree rain collecting irrigation device for the arid region according to claim 1, wherein a drain outlet (4.3) is arranged at the bottom of the buried water tank (4).
3. The tree rain collecting irrigation device for the arid region according to claim 1, wherein an overflow gap (4.2) is arranged at the upper part of one side of the buried water tank (4), and an overflow pipe is connected to the overflow gap (4.2).
4. The tree rain-collecting irrigation device for arid regions according to claim 1, characterized in that the water inlet (4.1) is positioned at the top of the buried water tank (4).
5. The tree rain collecting and irrigating device for arid regions according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of water outlets (4.4) are respectively distributed on the side wall of the buried water tank (4), and each water outlet (4.4) is correspondingly connected with a second water pipe (5).
6. The tree rain-collecting irrigation device for arid regions according to claim 1, wherein the water collector (2) is of an inverted funnel type.
7. The tree rain collecting and irrigating device for the arid region according to claim 6, wherein the water collector (2) comprises a plurality of support rods (2.1), waterproof cloth, skeleton rods (2.2), connecting rods (2.3), sliders (2.5) and a driving device, the skeleton rods (2.2) are arranged at intervals in the circumferential direction, the bottom of each skeleton rod (2.2) is hinged to the same position of the support rod (2.1), the sliders (2.5) are arranged on the support rods (2.1) and slide up and down along the support rods (2.1) under the action of the driving device, the connecting rods (2.3) are arranged in a plurality and respectively correspond to the skeleton rods (2.2), one end of each connecting rod (2.3) is connected with the middle of the corresponding skeleton rod (2.2), and the other end is connected with the slider (2.5); the waterproof cloth is arranged on the framework rod (2.2) and supported by the framework rod to be opened or retracted.
8. The tree rain collecting irrigation device in the arid area according to claim 7, wherein the driving device comprises a motor (2.7), a screw rod (2.4), a bearing seat (2.6), a bearing and a nut (2.8), a groove is arranged on the support rod (2.1), the motor (2.7) is fixed on the support rod (2.1), the bearing seat (2.6) and the screw rod are arranged in the groove, the bearing is installed on the bearing seat (2.6), one end of the screw rod (2.4) is connected with the bearing, the other end of the screw rod is connected with an output shaft of the motor (2.7), the nut (2.8) is in threaded connection with the screw rod (2.4), and the sliding block (2.5) is fixedly connected with the nut.
9. The tree rain collecting and irrigating device for arid regions according to claim 7, further comprising a rain sensor (6) and a controller arranged on the water collector, wherein the rain sensor (6) and the driving device are respectively connected with the controller.
10. The tree rain-collecting irrigation device for the arid region according to claim 9, further comprising a solar panel (1) and a storage battery (7), wherein the solar panel (1) and the storage battery (7) are respectively connected with the controller (8); the rainfall sensor (6) and the driving device are respectively connected with the storage battery (7).
CN201920882291.XU 2019-06-02 2019-06-02 Arid area trees collection rain irrigation equipment Expired - Fee Related CN210202771U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920882291.XU CN210202771U (en) 2019-06-02 2019-06-02 Arid area trees collection rain irrigation equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920882291.XU CN210202771U (en) 2019-06-02 2019-06-02 Arid area trees collection rain irrigation equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210202771U true CN210202771U (en) 2020-03-31

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CN201920882291.XU Expired - Fee Related CN210202771U (en) 2019-06-02 2019-06-02 Arid area trees collection rain irrigation equipment

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112493095A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-16 宁夏大学 Semi-arid region dew and rainwater are jointly collected irrigation system
CN112602570A (en) * 2021-01-20 2021-04-06 广州市天河区阿我斯商贸有限公司 Precipitation water pressure monitoring intelligence irrigation equipment
CN113796290A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-12-17 怀化永晟建设工程有限公司 Spraying system for landscaping engineering

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113796290A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-12-17 怀化永晟建设工程有限公司 Spraying system for landscaping engineering
CN112493095A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-16 宁夏大学 Semi-arid region dew and rainwater are jointly collected irrigation system
CN112493095B (en) * 2020-11-30 2022-04-05 宁夏大学 Semi-arid region dew and rainwater are jointly collected irrigation system
CN112602570A (en) * 2021-01-20 2021-04-06 广州市天河区阿我斯商贸有限公司 Precipitation water pressure monitoring intelligence irrigation equipment

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Granted publication date: 20200331

Termination date: 20210602