CN210136390U - Automatic feeding and discharging machine of exposure machine and exposure system - Google Patents

Automatic feeding and discharging machine of exposure machine and exposure system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210136390U
CN210136390U CN201822174588.9U CN201822174588U CN210136390U CN 210136390 U CN210136390 U CN 210136390U CN 201822174588 U CN201822174588 U CN 201822174588U CN 210136390 U CN210136390 U CN 210136390U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
printed circuit
linkage
circuit board
driving motor
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Active
Application number
CN201822174588.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐伟雄
唐琦
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Shenzhen Million Side Intelligence Science And Technology Ltd
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Shenzhen Million Side Intelligence Science And Technology Ltd
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Priority to CN201822174588.9U priority Critical patent/CN210136390U/en
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Abstract

The utility model is suitable for an apparatus technical field of exposure machine provides a unloading machine (700) and exposure system in automation of exposure machine, and the printed circuit board of processing is treated in storage unit (200) storage of unloading machine (700) in the automation, and clean unit (300) snatch printed circuit board from storage unit (200) and put into clean unit and clean and location, and unloading unit (400) snatch printed circuit board and put into from clean unit (300) expose the area, expose and accomplish the back, receive board unit (500) and place the printed circuit board who exposes in receiving grillage (108), the operation of above-mentioned each part of controller control. Therefore, the utility model discloses an unloading machine (700) in automation of exposure machine has improved printed circuit board exposure quality's qualification rate, stability and reliability, has promoted the production output in the unit interval, has reduced the cost of labor simultaneously.

Description

Automatic feeding and discharging machine of exposure machine and exposure system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an apparatus technical field of exposure machine especially relates to unloading machine and exposure system in automation of exposure machine.
Background
The operation mode of the exposure machine in the prior art is that feeding and discharging are carried out through manual operation, so that the working efficiency is low, errors are easy to occur in the manual operation, and the reliability is low. Moreover, due to excessive manual work and high labor intensity of staff, the labor cost is increased, and the instability of enterprise personnel and difficulty in enterprise recruitment caused by high staff mobility affect the working efficiency.
In summary, the conventional material loading and unloading technology of the exposure machine obviously has inconvenience and defects in practical use, so that improvement is needed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To foretell defect, the utility model aims to provide an improve qualification rate, stability and the reliability of printed circuit board image transfer quality, promoted the production output in the unit interval, reduced the automated machine of cost of labor simultaneously.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides an unloading machine 700 in automation of exposure machine, be provided with exposure area on the exposure machine, a serial communication port, include:
the storage unit 200 comprises a support frame 1, wherein a stacking frame 4 for storing the printed circuit board to be processed is arranged on the top surface of the support frame 1;
the cleaning unit 300 comprises a support frame 5, wherein the support frame 5 is provided with a material taking device 301 for taking the printed circuit board from the stacking frame 4, a first cleaning device 302 for cleaning the printed circuit board, a positioning device 303 for positioning the printed circuit board, and a conveying device 304 for conveying the printed circuit board to the first cleaning device 302 in sequence for cleaning and positioning the positioning device 303; the material taking device 301 places the grabbed printed circuit board on the conveying device 304;
the loading and unloading unit 400 comprises a first loading and unloading device 401 and a second loading and unloading device 402, wherein the first loading and unloading device 401 comprises a horizontal movement device, a plate turnover device and a material taking device 4010; the horizontal moving device is arranged close to the cleaning unit 300, the plate turnover device is mounted on the horizontal moving device, the material taking device 4010 is mounted on the plate turnover device, and the plate turnover device drives the material taking device 4010 to turn over; the horizontal movement device drives the plate turnover device and the material taking device 4010 to move horizontally, and the material taking device 4010 moves to the positioning device to grab the printed circuit board;
the second loading and unloading device 402 comprises a support frame 47 and an loading and unloading conveyor, the loading and unloading conveyor is mounted on the support frame 47, and the loading and unloading conveyor comprises a linkage device and a material taking device
4020, the material taking device 4020 is installed on the linkage device, the linkage device drives the material taking device 4020 to move, the material taking device 4020 moves to the material taking device 4010 to grab the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is placed on the exposure area to be exposed, so that the exposed printed circuit board is obtained;
a board collecting unit 500, including a board collecting device 502 and a board storing device 503, where the board collecting device 502 includes a board collecting transportation device, a deflection device and a material taking device 501, the deflection device is disposed on the board collecting transportation device, the material taking device 501 is disposed on the deflection device, the board collecting transportation device drives the deflection device and the material taking device 501 to move, the deflection device drives the material taking device 501 to perform deflection motion, and the material taking device 501 deflects to a predetermined angle to grasp the exposed pcb and place the exposed pcb in the board storing device 503;
and the controller is in communication connection with the storage unit 200, the cleaning unit 300, the loading and unloading unit 400 and the board collecting unit 500 respectively, sends preset control instructions to the storage unit 200, the cleaning unit 300, the loading and unloading unit 400 and the board collecting unit 500, and controls the storage unit 200, the cleaning unit 300, the loading and unloading unit 400 and the board collecting unit 500 to execute corresponding operations.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the automatic loading and unloading machine further comprises a film cleaning unit 600, the film cleaning unit 600 is in communication connection with the controller, and the controller controls the film cleaning unit 600 to execute corresponding operations;
the film cleaning unit 600 includes a driving device and a second cleaning device, the second cleaning device is disposed corresponding to the exposure area, and the driving device drives the second cleaning device to rotate to the exposure area.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the left side and the right side of the top surface of the support frame 1 are respectively provided with a support beam 2, the inner side surfaces of the two support beams 2 are respectively provided with a plurality of rubber wheels 3, and the plate stacking frame 4 is arranged on the rubber wheels 3;
the stacking plate frame 4 is L-shaped.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the support frame 5 is a keel frame;
the conveying device 304 comprises a roller 6, a roller 22, a driving motor driving wheel 33 and a belt 34, the driving motor driving wheel 33 is arranged inside the support frame 5, the roller 6 and the roller 22 are arranged on the top surface of the support frame 5, the belt 34 is sleeved on the roller 6, the roller 22 and the driving motor driving wheel 33, and the driving motor driving wheel 33 drives the belt 34 to move;
an inductor 7 disposed near the front end of the conveying device 304;
the material taking device 301 grabs the printed circuit board and places the printed circuit board on the belt 34 at the front end of the conveying device 304; the inductor 7 induces the printed circuit board and sends a first signal to the controller, and the controller sends a first control instruction to control the driving wheel 33 of the driving motor to work;
the belt 34 moves to drive the printed circuit board to be sequentially conveyed to the first cleaning device 302 for cleaning and the positioning device 303 for positioning.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the material taking device 301 comprises:
a support frame 8 disposed on one side of the conveying device 304;
the guide rails 9 are arranged on the top surface of the support frame 8, and first sliding blocks are arranged on the guide rails 9;
the driving motor 11 is linked with the driving motor 11 and is provided with a belt 10;
the linkage plate 13 is fixed on the first sliding block, and the top surface of the linkage plate 13 is connected with the belt 10 through a connecting piece 14; a supporting block 15 is fixed on the bottom surface of the linkage plate 13; a rotary cylinder 16 is arranged on the bottom surface of the supporting block 15; the bottom surface of the supporting block 15 is also provided with an air cylinder 18, and an expansion link of the air cylinder 18 is connected to the upper end of the rotary air cylinder 16; a sucker gripper 1001 is arranged on a cylinder column at the lower end of the rotary cylinder 16, the driving motor drives the linkage plate 13 to move and the sucker gripper 1001 to move, the sucker gripper 1001 moves to the stacking plate frame 4 to grip the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is placed on the belt 34 at the front end of the conveying device 304 of the conveying device;
the inductor 12 is used for inducing the linkage plate 13 and sending a second signal to the controller, and the controller is used for controlling to send a second control instruction to the driving motor 11 and controlling the working state of the driving motor 11;
and an inductor 17 for inducing the printed circuit board.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the first cleaning device 302 comprises a plurality of dust-binding rollers 19, a plurality of powerful dust-binding glue cylinders 20 and a plurality of air cylinders 21, wherein the dust-binding rollers 19 are respectively arranged up and down, the dust-binding roller 19 arranged above is an upper dust-binding roller, the powerful dust-binding glue cylinder 20 is arranged above the upper dust-binding roller and is an upper powerful dust-binding glue cylinder, and the air cylinder 21 is arranged above the upper powerful dust-binding glue cylinder and is an upper air cylinder; the dust-binding roller 19 arranged below is a lower dust-binding roller, the powerful dust-binding rubber cylinder 20 is arranged below the lower dust-binding roller and is a lower powerful dust-binding rubber cylinder, and the air cylinder 21 is arranged below the lower powerful dust-binding rubber cylinder and is a lower air cylinder; when the upper cylinder is jacked up, the upper strong dust-binding rubber cylinder is tightly contacted with the upper dust-binding roller; when the lower cylinder is jacked up, the lower strong dust-binding rubber cylinder is tightly contacted with the lower dust-binding roller;
the dust-binding roller 19 and the strong dust-binding rubber cylinder 20 are detachably connected with the support frame 5.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the positioning device 303 is disposed at one side of the conveying device 304, and the positioning device 303 includes: the device comprises a positioning plate 24, an anti-friction roller device 25, a pushing module and a sensor 26, wherein a lifting cylinder 27 is mounted on the bottom surface of the positioning plate 24, the lifting cylinder 27 drives the positioning plate 24 to move up and down, a lifting cylinder 28 is mounted on the bottom surface of the anti-friction roller device 25, and the lifting cylinder 28 drives the anti-friction roller device 25 to move up and down;
the pushing module consists of a vertical guide rail 29, a screw rod 30, a driving motor 31 and a pushing rod device 32; the lower end of the screw rod 30 is connected with the driving motor 31, the driving motor 31 drives the screw rod 30, and the other end of the screw rod 30 extends out of the vertical guide rail 29 and is connected with the push rod device 32;
the positioning plate 24 is provided with two blocking edges, and the push rod device pushes the printed circuit board to move to the blocking edges to position the printed circuit board;
the inductor 23 is fixed on the gear edge to induce the printed circuit board.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the horizontal movement device comprises a support frame 35, and the support frame 35 is arranged on the outer wall of the support frame 5; the support frame 35 is composed of two square beams 36; the square beam 36 is provided with a guide rail 37, a screw rod 38 and a driving motor 39; a second sliding block is arranged on the guide rail 37 and slides along the guide rail 37;
the linkage bottom plate 40 is fixed on the second sliding block, and the linkage bottom plate 40 is fixed with a first nut on the screw rod 38 through a linkage block 41; the driving motor 39 drives the linkage bottom plate 40 to move;
the plate turnover device comprises:
a plurality of vertical support rods 42 arranged on the linkage bottom plate 40;
a rotating shaft 43 arranged at the top end of the vertical supporting rod 42;
a driving motor 44 connected to the rotating shaft 43 through a coupling 45;
one end of the supporting rod 46 is vertically connected with the rotating shaft 43, the other end of the supporting rod is provided with a material taking device 4010, and the material taking device 4010 comprises a sucker gripper 1002; the driving motor 44 drives the rotating shaft 43 to rotate, and drives the sucker gripper (1002) to turn over;
the sucker hand grips 1002 grip the printed circuit board from the positioning plate 24, and the driving motor 44 drives the sucker hand grips 1002 to turn over the printed circuit board upwards; the driving motor 39 drives the suction cup gripper 1002 to move to a position right below the material taking device 4020.
According to the automatic feeding and discharging machine 700 of the exposure machine, the linkage device comprises a first limb section 4021, a second limb section 4022, a third limb section 4023 and a fourth limb section 4024, the first limb section 4021, the second limb section 4022, the third limb section 4023 and the fourth limb section 4024 are mutually linked, the material taking device 4020 is driven to descend and move to the material taking device 4010 to grab the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is placed on the exposure area to be exposed, so that the exposed printed circuit board is obtained;
the material taking device 4020 is a suction cup gripper 1003.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the first limb section 4021 comprises:
a horizontal bottom plate 48 disposed on the top surface of the support frame 47;
the two screw rod supporting blocks 52 are respectively vertically arranged at the left end and the right end of the bottom surface of the horizontal bottom plate 48;
the left end and the right end of the screw rod 50 are respectively arranged on the two screw rod supporting blocks 52 and fixed below the horizontal bottom plate 48; the screw rod 50 is provided with a first synchronous wheel; a second nut is arranged on the screw rod 50;
the driving motor 54 is provided with a second synchronous wheel;
the belt 57 is connected with the first synchronizing wheel and the second synchronizing wheel, and the driving motor 54 drives the belt 57 to drive the first synchronizing wheel and the second synchronizing wheel to drive the screw rod 50 to rotate in a linkage manner;
a guide rail 49 arranged on the top surface of the horizontal bottom plate 48, wherein a third sliding block is arranged on the guide rail 49 and slides along the guide rail 49;
a horizontal moving plate 53 fixed to the top surface of the third slider;
one end of the connecting block 51 is connected with the horizontal moving plate 53, and the other end of the connecting block is connected with the second nut;
and the sensor 55 senses the horizontal moving plate 53 and sends a third signal to the controller, and the controller controls to send a third control command to the driving motor 54 and control the working state of the driving motor 54.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the second limb section 4022 comprises:
the vertical support frame 58 comprises a first left side plate, a first right side plate, an upper side plate and a lower side plate, and the vertical support frame 58 is arranged on the top surface of the horizontal moving plate 53;
the horizontal moving plate 53 is provided with a through hole matched with the screw rod 60, the screw rod 60 penetrates into the through hole, and the third synchronizing wheel 67 is positioned below the through hole; a third nut is arranged on the screw rod 60;
the driving motor 63 is arranged on the horizontal moving plate 53, and a fourth synchronizing wheel 69 is arranged on the driving motor;
a belt 68 connecting the third synchronizing wheel 67 and the fourth synchronizing wheel 69, wherein the driving motor 63 drives the belt 68 to drive the third synchronizing wheel 67 and the fourth synchronizing wheel 69 to drive the screw rod 60 to rotate in a linkage manner;
two vertical guide rails 59 respectively arranged on the first left side plate and the first right side plate, wherein a fourth sliding block is arranged on each of the two vertical guide rails 59 and slides along the guide rails 59;
the two linkage blocks 61 are respectively arranged on the two fourth sliding blocks;
the two sides of the plate 66 are respectively connected with the two linkage blocks 61;
a driving block 62 connecting the plate block 66 and the third nut;
and the inductor 64 induces the linkage block 61 and sends a fourth signal to the controller, and the controller controls to send a fourth control instruction to the driving motor 63 and control the working state of the driving motor 63.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the third limb section 4023 comprises:
the transverse support frame 70 comprises a second left side plate, a second right side plate, a first front side plate and a first rear side plate, and the first front side plate is fixed on the two linkage blocks 61;
one end of the screw rod 72 is fixed to the second left side plate, and the other end of the screw rod 72 is fixed to the second right side plate; a fourth nut is arranged on the screw rod 72;
a drive motor 74 provided on the second right side plate;
the coupler 76 is connected with the screw rod 72 and the driving motor 74, and the driving motor 74 drives the screw rod 72 to rotate;
the transverse guide rail 71 is arranged on the first rear side plate, and a fifth sliding block is arranged on the transverse guide rail 71 and slides along the transverse guide rail 71;
a linkage block 73 fixed to the fifth slider and the fourth nut;
and the inductor 75 is used for inducing the linkage block 73 and sending a fifth signal to the controller, and the controller is used for controlling to send a fifth control instruction to the driving motor 74 and controlling the working state of the driving motor 74.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the fourth segment 4024 includes:
a transverse support frame 77 including a third left side plate, a third right side plate, a second front side plate and a second rear side plate, the second front side plate being fixed to the linkage block 73;
one end of the screw rod 79 is fixed on the third left side plate, and the other end of the screw rod 79 is fixed on the third right side plate; a fifth nut is arranged on the screw rod 79;
a driving motor 81 disposed on the third right side plate;
the coupler 83 is connected with the screw rod 79 and the driving motor 81, and the driving motor 81 drives the screw rod 79 to rotate;
the transverse guide rail 78 is arranged on the second rear side plate, and a sixth sliding block is arranged on the transverse guide rail 78 and slides along the transverse guide rail 78;
the linkage block 80 is fixed on the sixth sliding block and the fifth nut;
the inductor 82 is used for inducing the linkage block 80 and sending a sixth signal to the controller, and the controller is used for controlling to send a sixth control instruction to the driving motor 81 and controlling the working state of the driving motor 81;
the sucker hand 1003 is arranged on the linkage block 80, and the sucker hand 1003 descends from an original position and moves to the material taking device 4010 to grab the printed circuit board, places the printed circuit board on the exposure area for exposure, and withdraws the original position; obtaining an exposed printed circuit board, moving the sucker hand 1003 from an original position to the exposure area to grab the exposed printed circuit board, and withdrawing the original position;
the suction cup gripper 1003 comprises a suction cup 84, and a vacuum air pipe is arranged inside a suction nozzle of the suction cup 84;
the sucker hand grips 1003 are also provided with a dust collection disc 85.
According to the automatic feeding and discharging machine 700 of the exposure machine, the board collecting and transporting device comprises:
a linkage base plate 86, wherein the linkage base plate 86 is fixed on the second slider of the guide rail 37;
the two vertical guide rails 87 are arranged on the linkage bottom plate 86, and seventh sliding blocks are respectively arranged on the two vertical guide rails 87 and slide along the vertical guide rails 87;
the linkage plate 88 is fixed on the seventh sliding block, two supporting bases 89 are fixed at the upper end and the lower end of the linkage plate 88, vertical guide sleeves 90 are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the supporting base 89 arranged at the upper end, vertical guide pillars 91 are respectively arranged on the two vertical guide sleeves 90, and the vertical guide pillars 91 vertically move in the vertical guide sleeves 90;
the transverse supporting seat 92 is arranged at the upper ends of the two vertical guide pillars 91;
the vertical screw 95 is provided with a sixth nut, and a fifth synchronizing wheel 97 is mounted at the lower end of the vertical screw 95;
a linkage block 96 fixed to the sixth nut and the guide post 91;
the driving motor 98 is fixed at the lower end of the linkage plate 88, and a sixth synchronizing wheel 99 is arranged on the driving motor 98;
a belt 100 connecting the fifth synchronizing wheel 97 and the sixth synchronizing wheel 99;
the vertical bottom plate 101 and the vertical bottom plate 102 are arranged on the square beam 36; a seventh synchronizing wheel 103 is arranged on the vertical bottom plate 101, a driving motor 104 is arranged on the vertical bottom plate 102, and an eighth synchronizing wheel 105 is arranged on the driving motor 104;
a belt 106 connecting the seventh synchronizing wheel 103 and the eighth synchronizing wheel 105; the belt 106 is fixed with the linkage base plate 86 through a connecting sheet; the drive motor 104 drives the linkage base plate 86 to slide on the guide rail 37 through the belt 106;
the deflector is disposed on the top surface of the lateral support seat 92, and includes:
the deflection mechanism 94 is provided with a deflection shaft, and the front end of the deflection shaft is connected with the material taking device 501;
the driving motor 93 is connected with the deflection shaft and drives the deflection shaft to rotate;
the material extracting apparatus 501 is a suction cup gripper 1004.
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the plate storage device 503 comprises: the plate collecting frame 108 is arranged on the top surface of the supporting frame 107;
the plate collecting frame 108 is L-shaped;
the sucker grippers 1004 move to the position where the sucker grippers 1003 grab the exposed printed circuit board and place the printed circuit board on the take-up frame 108
According to the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine, the film cleaning unit 600 includes a driving device and a second cleaning device, the second cleaning device is disposed corresponding to the exposure area, and the driving device drives the second cleaning device to rotate to the exposure area.
The driving device includes:
a rotation shaft 109 vertically provided on the linkage;
a gear 110 sleeved outside the rotating shaft 109;
a driving motor 111 provided on the linkage;
one end of the linkage rod 113 is in butt joint with the driving motor 111 through a coupler 112, and the other end of the linkage rod is provided with a gear 114; the gear 114 is meshed with the gear 110; the driving motor 111 drives the linkage rod 113, the gear 114 and the gear 110 to link with each other in a rotating manner, so as to drive the rotating shaft 109 to rotate;
the second cleaning device includes:
two dust-binding arms 115 respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the rotating shaft 109;
two dust-sticking rollers 116 respectively arranged at the top ends of the two dust-sticking arms 115; the rotating shaft 109 rotates to drive the two dust-binding rollers 116 to rotate;
the two guide rails 117 are arranged on the linkage device, eighth sliding blocks are respectively arranged on the two guide rails, and the eighth sliding blocks slide along the guide rails 117;
a cylinder 118 disposed on the linkage;
a linkage support 119 fixed on the eighth slider and connected with the cylinder 118
The dust-binding rubber wheel 120 is fixed on the linkage support frame 119;
the dust-binding roller 116 rotates to a predetermined angle to the dust-binding rubber wheel 120.
The automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine further comprises a control panel, wherein the control panel is provided with an input key 121 and/or a touch screen 122;
the controller is a central processor 123, and the central processor 123 controls the storage unit 200, the cleaning unit 300, the loading and unloading unit 400, the plate collecting unit 500 and the film cleaning unit 600 to perform corresponding operations through a plurality of electronic controls 124.
In order to realize the other purpose of the present invention, the present invention further provides an exposure system comprising any one of the above-mentioned automatic loading and unloading machines 700, wherein the exposure system comprises the exposure machine, the automatic loading and unloading machines 700 places the printed circuit board to be processed in the exposure area of the exposure machine for exposure, and after the exposure is completed, the automatic loading and unloading machines 700 of the exposure machine will withdraw the printed circuit board.
The utility model provides an automatic unloading machine 700 of going up of exposure machine, including memory cell 200, clean unit 300, go up unloading unit 400, receipts board unit 500, the clean unit 600 of film and controller, the printed circuit board that waits to process stacks on the heap frame 4 of memory cell 200, and extracting device 301 of clean unit 300 snatchs from the heap frame 4 the printed circuit board is put into clean unit 300 and is cleaned and fix a position, specifically extracting device 301 snatchs one at a time the printed circuit board and will place the printed circuit board on conveyor 304, conveyor 304 will the printed circuit board in proper order carry to first cleaning device 302 clean and positioner 303 fixes a position; the first loading and unloading device 401 of the loading and unloading unit 400 grabs the positioned printed circuit board, specifically, the taking device 4010 moves to the positioning device to grab the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is turned over to be upward, the material taking device 4010 moves to be right below the material taking device 4020 of the second loading and unloading device 402, the material taking device 4020 descends from an original position, grabs the printed circuit board and places the printed circuit board in an exposure area of an exposure machine for exposure, the material taking device 4020 withdraws the original position, after exposure is completed, the material taking device 4020 grabs the exposed printed circuit board, and the original position is withdrawn, the material taking device 501 of the board collecting unit 500 takes the exposed printed circuit board and places the exposed printed circuit board on the board storing device 503, thereby completing the full-automatic operation of the printed circuit board exposure process. According to the setting of production parameters, when the film needs to be cleaned, the second cleaning device in the film cleaning unit 600 cleans the films on the upper and lower glasses of the mold frame in the exposure area of the exposure machine. Therefore, the utility model discloses a go up unloading machine 700 and exposure system in the automation of exposure machine has improved qualification rate, stability and the reliability of printed circuit board exposure quality, has promoted the production output in the unit interval, has reduced the cost of labor simultaneously.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a storage unit 200 of an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a material taking device 301 of an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a cleaning unit 300 of an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a first loading and unloading device 401 of an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a second loading and unloading device 402 of an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a plate collecting device (502)502 of an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a plate storage device (503)503 of an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a film cleaning unit 600 of an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a control panel of an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of the electronic control unit 124 of the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of the central processor 123 of the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of the exposure machine according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, a first embodiment of the present invention provides an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine, wherein the exposure machine is provided with an exposure area, which includes:
the storage unit 200 comprises a support frame 1, wherein a stacking frame 4 for storing the printed circuit board to be processed is arranged on the top surface of the support frame 1;
the cleaning unit 300 comprises a support frame 5, wherein the support frame 5 is provided with a material taking device 301 for taking the printed circuit board from the stacking frame 4, a first cleaning device 302 for cleaning the printed circuit board, a positioning device 303 for positioning the printed circuit board, and a conveying device 304 for conveying the printed circuit board to the first cleaning device 302 in sequence for cleaning and positioning the positioning device 303; the material taking device 301 places the grabbed printed circuit board on the conveying device;
the loading and unloading unit 400 comprises a first loading and unloading device 401 and a second loading and unloading device 402, wherein the first loading and unloading device 401 comprises a horizontal movement device, a plate turnover device and a material taking device 4010; the horizontal movement device is arranged close to the cleaning unit 300, the plate turnover device is mounted on the horizontal movement device, the material taking device (4010) is mounted on the plate turnover device, and the plate turnover device drives the material taking device 4010 to turn over; the horizontal movement device drives the plate turnover device and the material taking device 4010 to move horizontally, and the material taking device 4010 moves to the positioning device to grab the printed circuit board;
the second loading and unloading device 402 comprises a support frame 47 and an loading and unloading conveyor, the loading and unloading conveyor is mounted on the support frame 47, the loading and unloading conveyor comprises a linkage device and a material taking device 4020, the material taking device 4020 is mounted on the linkage device, the linkage device drives the material taking device 4020 to move, the material taking device 4020 moves to the material taking device 4010 to grab the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is placed on the exposure area for exposure, so that the exposed printed circuit board is obtained;
a board collecting unit 500, including a board collecting device 502 and a board storing device 503, where the board collecting device 502 includes a board collecting transportation device, a deflection device and a material taking device 501, the deflection device is disposed on the board collecting transportation device, the material taking device 501 is disposed on the deflection device, the board collecting transportation device drives the deflection device and the material taking device 501 to move, the deflection device drives the material taking device 501 to perform deflection motion, and the material taking device 501 deflects to a predetermined angle to grasp the exposed pcb and place the exposed pcb in the board storing device 503;
and the controller is in communication connection with the storage unit 200, the cleaning unit 300, the loading and unloading unit 400 and the board collecting unit 500 respectively, sends preset control instructions to the storage unit 200, the cleaning unit 300, the loading and unloading unit 400 and the board collecting unit 500, and controls the storage unit 200, the cleaning unit 300, the loading and unloading unit 400 and the board collecting unit 500 to execute corresponding operations.
In this embodiment, the printed circuit boards to be processed are stacked on the stacking rack 4 of the storage unit 200, the picking device 301 of the cleaning unit 300 picks the printed circuit boards from the stacking rack 4 and places the printed circuit boards into the cleaning unit 300 for cleaning and positioning, specifically, the picking device 301 picks the printed circuit boards one at a time and places the printed circuit boards on the conveying device 304, and the conveying device 304 conveys the printed circuit boards to the first cleaning device 302 in sequence for cleaning and positioning by the positioning device 303; the first loading and unloading device 401 of the loading and unloading unit 400 grabs the positioned printed circuit board, specifically, the taking device 4010 moves to the positioning device to grab the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is turned over to be upward, the material taking device 4010 moves to be right below the material taking device 4020 of the second loading and unloading device 402, the material taking device 4020 descends from an original position, grabs the printed circuit board and places the printed circuit board in an exposure area of an exposure machine for exposure, the material taking device 4020 withdraws the original position, after exposure is completed, the material taking device 4020 grabs the exposed printed circuit board, and the original position is withdrawn, the material taking device 501 of the board collecting unit 500 takes the exposed printed circuit board and places the exposed printed circuit board on the board storing device 503, thereby completing the full-automatic operation of the printed circuit board exposure process.
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, in an embodiment of the present invention, the cleaning device further includes a film cleaning unit 600, the film cleaning unit 600 is in communication with the controller, and the controller controls the film cleaning unit 600 to perform corresponding operations;
the film cleaning unit 600 includes a driving device and a second cleaning device, the second cleaning device is disposed corresponding to the exposure area, and the driving device drives the second cleaning device to rotate to the exposure area.
In this embodiment, the position of the second cleaning device is set corresponding to the exposure area, that is, the second cleaning device can move to the exposure area for cleaning, and according to the setting of the production parameters, when the film needs to be cleaned, the driving device of the film cleaning unit 600 drives the second cleaning device to move, and cleans the film on the upper and lower glass of the mold frame in the exposure area.
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, in an embodiment of the present invention, support beams 2 are further disposed on the left and right sides of the top surface of the support frame 1, a plurality of rubber wheels 3 are disposed on the inner side surfaces of the two support beams 2, and the stacking plate frame 4 is disposed on the rubber wheels 3;
the stacking plate frame 4 is L-shaped.
In this embodiment, the stacker frame 4 can be moved horizontally on the rubber wheel 3, the printed circuit board to be processed is placed on the stacker frame 4, and the material extracting device 301 picks up the printed circuit board to be processed from the stacker frame 4.
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, in an embodiment of the present invention, the supporting frame 5 is a keel frame;
the conveying device 304 comprises a roller 6, a roller 22, a driving motor driving wheel 33 and a belt 34, the driving motor driving wheel 33 is arranged inside the support frame 5, the roller 6 and the roller 22 are arranged on the top surface of the support frame 5, the belt 34 is sleeved on the roller 6, the roller 22 and the driving motor driving wheel 33, and the driving motor driving wheel 33 drives the belt 34 to move;
an inductor 7 disposed near the front end of the conveying device 304;
the material taking device 301 grabs the printed circuit board and places the printed circuit board on the belt 34 at the front end of the conveying device 304; the inductor 7 induces the printed circuit board and sends a first signal to the controller, and the controller sends a first control instruction to control the driving wheel 33 of the driving motor to work;
the belt 34 moves to drive the printed circuit board to be sequentially conveyed to the first cleaning device 302 for cleaning and the positioning device 303 for positioning.
In this embodiment, the sensor 7 is disposed near the front end of the conveying device 304, when the material taking device 301 places the printed circuit board on the belt 34 at the front end of the conveying device 304, the sensor 7 senses the printed circuit board and sends a first signal to the controller, the controller controls the conveying device 304 to start working, and the printed circuit board is sequentially sent to the first cleaning device 302 for cleaning and sent to the positioning device 303 for positioning, so that the material taking device 4010 of the loading and unloading unit 400 can grasp the printed circuit board; the conveying device 304 is rotated by a driving motor, and the driving motor drives the belt 34 to move through the connection relationship of the driving wheel 33, the roller 6, the roller 22 and the belt 34, so as to drive the printed circuit board on the belt 34 to move.
Referring to fig. 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, the material taking device 301 includes:
a support frame 8 disposed on one side of the conveying device 304;
the guide rails 9 are arranged on the top surface of the support frame 8, and first sliding blocks are arranged on the guide rails 9;
the driving motor 11 is linked with the driving motor 11 and is provided with a belt 10;
the linkage plate 13 is fixed on the first sliding block, and the top surface of the linkage plate 13 is connected with the belt 10 through a connecting piece 14; a supporting block 15 is fixed on the bottom surface of the linkage plate 13; a rotary cylinder 16 is arranged on the bottom surface of the supporting block 15; the bottom surface of the supporting block 15 is also provided with an air cylinder 18, and an expansion link of the air cylinder 18 is connected to the upper end of the rotary air cylinder 16; a sucker gripper 1001 is arranged on a cylinder column at the lower end of the rotary cylinder 16, the driving motor 11 drives the linkage plate 13 to move and the sucker gripper 1001 to move, the sucker gripper 1001 moves to the stacking plate frame 4 to grip the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is placed on the belt 34 at the front end of the conveying device 304 of the conveying device;
the inductor 12 is used for inducing the linkage plate 13 and sending a second signal to the controller, and the controller is used for controlling to send a second control instruction to the driving motor 11 and controlling the working state of the driving motor 11;
and an inductor 17 for inducing the printed circuit board.
In this embodiment, the material extracting device 301 is used for picking up the printed circuit board from the stacker rack 4 and placing it on the conveying device 304; the linkage plate 13 moves in the guide rail 9 through a first sliding block, the movement of the linkage plate 13 is driven by a driving motor 11, so that a sucker gripper 1001 is driven to move, when an expansion rod of a rotary cylinder 16 stretches and the linkage of a cylinder 18 enables the sucker gripper 1001 to deflect an adaptive angle, so that the printed circuit board is gripped from the stacking rack 4 and placed on the conveying device 304, a sensor 12 senses the linkage plate 13 and is used for controlling the movement origin and the stroke of the linkage plate 13, when the sucker gripper 1001 moves to a position where the printed circuit board can be gripped, at the moment, the sensor 12 senses the linkage plate 13, the controller controls the driving motor 11 to stop moving, when the printed circuit board is gripped, the sensor 17 senses the printed circuit board and sends a sensing signal to the controller, and the controller controls the driving motor 11 to start moving, the suction cup gripper 1001 is moved to a position where the printed circuit board can be placed on the conveyor 304. The interlocking between the cleaning unit 300 and the storage unit 200 is achieved.
Referring to fig. 4, in an embodiment of the present invention, the first cleaning device (302) includes a plurality of dust-binding rollers 19, a plurality of powerful dust-binding glue cylinders 20 and a plurality of air cylinders 21, the dust-binding rollers 19 are respectively disposed up and down, the dust-binding roller 19 disposed above is an upper dust-binding roller, the powerful dust-binding glue cylinder 20 is disposed above the upper dust-binding roller, and the air cylinder 21 is disposed above the upper powerful dust-binding glue cylinder and is an upper air cylinder; the dust-binding roller 19 arranged below is a lower dust-binding roller, the powerful dust-binding rubber cylinder 20 is arranged below the lower dust-binding roller and is a lower powerful dust-binding rubber cylinder, and the air cylinder 21 is arranged below the lower powerful dust-binding rubber cylinder and is a lower air cylinder; when the upper cylinder is jacked up, the upper strong dust-binding rubber cylinder is tightly contacted with the upper dust-binding roller; when the lower cylinder is jacked up, the lower strong dust-binding rubber cylinder is tightly contacted with the lower dust-binding roller;
the dust-binding roller 19 and the strong dust-binding rubber cylinder 20 are detachably connected with the support frame 5.
In this embodiment, the sticky roller 19 conveys the printed circuit board to the first cleaning device 302 by the conveying device 304 for cleaning, since the upper strong sticky rubber cylinder is in close contact with the upper sticky roller when the upper cylinder is jacked up, and the lower strong sticky rubber cylinder is in close contact with the lower sticky roller when the lower cylinder is jacked up, the upper strong sticky rubber cylinder can clean dirt on the upper sticky roller, and the lower strong sticky rubber cylinder can clean dirt on the lower sticky roller, so that the upper sticky roller and the lower sticky roller can circularly clean the printed circuit board; because the dust-sticking roller 19 and the strong dust-sticking rubber cylinder 20 are detachably connected with the support frame 5, the dust-sticking roller 19 and the strong dust-sticking rubber cylinder 20 can be taken out and maintained according to a certain period.
Referring to fig. 4, in an embodiment of the present invention, the positioning device 303 is disposed at one side of the conveying device 304, and the positioning device 303 includes: the device comprises a positioning plate 24, an anti-friction roller device 25, a pushing module and a sensor 26, wherein a lifting cylinder 27 is mounted on the bottom surface of the positioning plate 24, the lifting cylinder 27 drives the positioning plate 24 to move up and down, a lifting cylinder 28 is mounted on the bottom surface of the anti-friction roller device 25, and the lifting cylinder 28 drives the anti-friction roller device 25 to move up and down;
the pushing module consists of a vertical guide rail 29, a screw rod 30, a driving motor 31 and a pushing rod device 32; the lower end of the screw rod 30 is connected with the driving motor 31, the driving motor 31 drives the screw rod 30, and the other end of the screw rod 30 extends out of the vertical guide rail 29 and is connected with the push rod device 32;
the positioning plate 24 is provided with two blocking edges, and the push rod device pushes the printed circuit board to move to the blocking edges to position the printed circuit board;
the inductor 23 is fixed on the gear edge to induce the printed circuit board.
In this embodiment, the positioning device 303 is disposed at one side of the conveying device 304, and the two devices do not interfere with each other, so that the roller 22 of the conveying device 304 protrudes out of the positioning device 303, thereby realizing horizontal conveying of the conveying device 304, the sensor 23 is used for sensing whether the printed circuit board is positioned in place, when the printed circuit board enters the positioning device 303 for positioning, the lifting cylinder 27 and the lifting cylinder 28 are lifted, the push rod device 32 can horizontally move, the driving motor 31 drives the push rod device 32 to rotate, and the push rod device 32 pushes the printed circuit board to move to two adjacent gear sides of the positioning plate 24, thereby realizing positioning of the printed circuit board at two adjacent sides in appearance.
Referring to fig. 5, in an embodiment of the present invention, the horizontal movement device includes a support frame 35, and the support frame 35 is disposed on an outer wall of the support frame 5; the support frame 35 is composed of two square beams 36; the square beam 36 is provided with a guide rail 37, a screw rod 38 and a driving motor 39; a second sliding block is arranged on the guide rail 37 and slides along the guide rail 37;
the linkage bottom plate 40 is fixed on the second sliding block, and the linkage bottom plate 40 is fixed with a first nut on the screw rod 38 through a linkage block 41; the driving motor 39 drives the linkage bottom plate 40 to move;
the plate turnover device comprises:
a plurality of vertical support rods 42, preferably three vertical support rods 42, disposed on the linkage base plate 40;
a rotating shaft 43 arranged at the top end of the vertical supporting rod 42;
a driving motor 44 connected to the rotating shaft 43 through a coupling 45;
one end of the supporting rod 46 is vertically connected with the rotating shaft 43, the other end of the supporting rod is provided with a material taking device 4010, and the material taking device 4010 comprises a sucker gripper 1002; the driving motor 44 drives the rotating shaft 43 to rotate, so as to drive the sucker gripper 1002 to turn over;
the sucker hand grips 1002 grip the printed circuit board from the positioning plate 24, and the driving motor 44 drives the sucker hand grips 1002 to turn over the printed circuit board upwards; the driving motor 39 drives the suction cup gripper 1002 to move to a position right below the material taking device 4020.
In this embodiment, the horizontal movement device and the flap device are linked such that the suction cup hand grip 1002 grips the printed circuit board from the positioning plate 24, and the flap device driving motor 44 drives the suction cup hand grip 1002 to turn the printed circuit board upward; the driving motor 39 drives the suction cup gripper 1002 to move to a position right below the material taking device 4020. The suction cup gripper 1002 may reciprocate through the above-described process.
Referring to fig. 6, in an embodiment of the present invention, the linkage device includes a first limb section 4021, a second limb section 4022, a third limb section 4023 and a fourth limb section 4024, the first limb section 4021, the second limb section 4022, the third limb section 4023 and the fourth limb section 4024 are linked to each other, the material taking device 4020 is driven to descend and move to the material taking device 4010 to grab the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is placed on the exposure area to be exposed, so as to obtain an exposed printed circuit board;
the material taking device 4020 is a suction cup gripper 1003.
In this embodiment, the second limb section 4022 is arranged on the first limb section 4021, the third limb section 4023 is arranged on the second limb section 4022, the fourth limb section 4024 is arranged on the third limb section 4023, and the suction cup gripper 1003 is linked with the first limb section 4021, the second limb section 4022, the third limb section 4023 and the fourth limb section 4024 to realize that the material taking device 4020 moves to the material taking device 4010 to grip the printed circuit board, place the printed circuit board on the exposure area to be exposed, obtain the exposed printed circuit board, and take the exposed printed circuit board out of the exposure area.
In particular, the first limb segment 4021 includes:
a horizontal bottom plate 48 disposed on the top surface of the support frame 47;
the two screw rod supporting blocks 52 are respectively vertically arranged at the left end and the right end of the bottom surface of the horizontal bottom plate 48;
the left end and the right end of the screw rod 50 are respectively arranged on the two screw rod supporting blocks 52 and fixed below the horizontal bottom plate 48; the screw rod 50 is provided with a first synchronous wheel; a second nut is arranged on the screw rod 50;
the driving motor 54 is provided with a second synchronous wheel;
the belt 57 is connected with the first synchronizing wheel and the second synchronizing wheel, and the driving motor 54 drives the belt 57 to drive the first synchronizing wheel and the second synchronizing wheel to drive the screw rod 50 to rotate in a linkage manner;
a guide rail 49 arranged on the top surface of the horizontal bottom plate 48, wherein a third sliding block is arranged on the guide rail 49 and slides along the guide rail 49;
a horizontal moving plate 53 fixed to the top surface of the third slider, the horizontal moving plate 53 being driven by a third slider driving motor 54 to move horizontally on the guide rail 49;
one end of the connecting block 51 is connected with the horizontal moving plate 53, and the other end of the connecting block is connected with the second nut;
and the sensor 55 senses the horizontal moving plate 53 and sends a third signal to the controller, and the controller controls to send a third control command to the driving motor 54 and control the working state of the driving motor 54. When the horizontal moving plate 53 moves to the corresponding position, the controller may control the stop operation of the driving motor 54 by sensing the sensor 55, so that the horizontal moving plate 53 stops moving.
In particular, the second limb segment 4022 includes:
the vertical support frame 58 comprises a first left side plate, a first right side plate, an upper side plate and a lower side plate, and the vertical support frame 58 is arranged on the top surface of the horizontal moving plate 53;
the horizontal moving plate 53 is provided with a through hole matched with the screw rod 60, the screw rod 60 penetrates into the through hole, and the third synchronizing wheel 67 is positioned below the through hole; a third nut is arranged on the screw rod 60;
the driving motor 63 is arranged on the horizontal moving plate 53, and a fourth synchronizing wheel 69 is arranged on the driving motor;
a belt 68 connecting the third synchronizing wheel 67 and the fourth synchronizing wheel 69, wherein the driving motor 63 drives the belt 68 to drive the third synchronizing wheel 67 and the fourth synchronizing wheel 69 to drive the screw rod 60 to rotate in a linkage manner;
two vertical guide rails 59 respectively arranged on the first left side plate and the first right side plate, wherein a fourth sliding block is arranged on each of the two vertical guide rails 59 and slides along the guide rails 59;
the two linkage blocks 61 are respectively arranged on the two fourth sliding blocks; the driving motor 63 drives the linkage block 61 to move up and down on the vertical guide rail 59 through the fourth sliding block;
the two sides of the plate 66 are respectively connected with the two linkage blocks 61;
a driving block 62 connecting the plate block 66 and the third nut;
the sensor 64 senses the linkage block 61 and sends a fourth signal to the controller, the controller controls to send a fourth control instruction to the driving motor 63 and controls the working state of the driving motor 63, and when the linkage block 61 moves to a corresponding position, the controller is sensed by the sensor 64 and can control the driving motor 63 to stop working, so that the linkage block 61 stops moving.
In particular, the third limb segment 4023 includes:
the transverse support frame 70 comprises a second left side plate, a second right side plate, a first front side plate and a first rear side plate, and the first front side plate is fixed on the two linkage blocks 61;
one end of the screw rod 72 is fixed to the second left side plate, and the other end of the screw rod 72 is fixed to the second right side plate; a fourth nut is arranged on the screw rod 72;
a drive motor 74 provided on the second right side plate;
the coupler 76 is connected with the screw rod 72 and the driving motor 74, and the driving motor 74 drives the screw rod 72 to rotate;
the transverse guide rail 71 is arranged on the first rear side plate, and a fifth sliding block is arranged on the transverse guide rail 71 and slides along the transverse guide rail 71;
a linkage block 73 fixed to the fifth slider and the fourth nut;
the sensor 75 senses the linkage block 73 and sends a fifth signal to the controller, the controller controls to send a fifth control instruction to the driving motor 74 and controls the working state linkage block 61 of the driving motor 74, when the linkage block 73 moves to a corresponding position, the controller is sensed by the sensor 75, the controller can control the driving motor 74 to stop working, so that the linkage block 73 stops moving, and the corresponding position refers to the condition that the linkage block 73 moves to a position where the sucker gripper 1003 can grip the printed circuit board on the sucker gripper 1002. .
Specifically, the fourth leg section 4024 includes:
a transverse support frame 77 including a third left side plate, a third right side plate, a second front side plate and a second rear side plate, the second front side plate being fixed to the linkage block 73;
one end of the screw rod 79 is fixed on the third left side plate, and the other end of the screw rod 79 is fixed on the third right side plate; a fifth nut is arranged on the screw rod 79;
a driving motor 81 disposed on the third right side plate;
the coupler 83 is connected with the screw rod 79 and the driving motor 81, and the driving motor 81 drives the screw rod 79 to rotate;
the transverse guide rail 78 is arranged on the second rear side plate, and a sixth sliding block is arranged on the transverse guide rail 78 and slides along the transverse guide rail 78;
the linkage block 80 is fixed on the sixth sliding block and the fifth nut;
the sensor 82 senses the linkage block 80 and sends a sixth signal to the controller, the controller controls to send a sixth control instruction to the driving motor 81 and controls the working state of the driving motor 81, when the linkage block 80 moves to a corresponding position, the controller is sensed by the sensor 82, the controller can control the driving motor 81 to stop working, so that the linkage block 80 stops moving, and the corresponding position refers to the condition that the linkage block 80 moves to a position where the sucker gripper 1003 can grip the printed circuit board on the sucker gripper 1002.
The sucker gripper 1003 is arranged on the linkage block 80, the sucker gripper 1003 descends from an original position to move to the material taking device 4010 to grip the printed circuit board, the printed circuit board is placed on the exposure area to be exposed, and the controller controls the driving motor 54, the driving motor 63, the driving motor 74 and the driving motor 81 to rotate reversely, so that the sucker gripper 1003 withdraws from the original position; obtaining an exposed printed circuit board, moving the sucker hand 1003 from an original position to the exposure area to grab the exposed printed circuit board, and withdrawing the original position;
the suction cup gripper 1003 comprises a suction cup 84, and a vacuum air pipe is arranged inside a suction nozzle of the suction cup 84; when the sucker hand grips 1003 grab the printed circuit board, the vacuum air pipe sucks air to suck the printed circuit board, and when the sucker hand grips 1003 put down the printed circuit board, the vacuum air pipe deflates.
The sucking disc gripper 1003 is further provided with a dust sucking disc 85 for sucking dust, and dirt is placed to fall onto the printed circuit board to affect the quality.
In this embodiment, the work flow of the loading and unloading unit 400 is as follows: under the control of the controller, the sucker gripper 1002 moves from the original board taking position to the positioning device 303 and sucks the printed circuit board positioned by the positioning device 303 of the cleaning unit 300; the plate turnover device turns the sucker hand grip 1002 and the printed circuit board sucked by the sucker hand grip at an angle until the printed circuit board faces upwards and is approximately horizontal; the panel turnover device, the sucker gripper 1002 and the printed circuit board sucked by the panel turnover device are horizontally conveyed to the position right below the sucker gripper 1003 by the horizontal movement device, the sucker gripper 1003 descends and sucks the printed circuit board, the first limb section 4021, the second limb section 4022, the third limb section 4023 and the fourth limb section 4024 are linked under the control of the controller, the printed circuit board is moved to an exposure area from an original position, the printed circuit board is conveyed and placed in an exposure area corresponding to a mold frame of the exposure machine, meanwhile, the panel turnover device and the sucker gripper 1002 are quickly retracted to an original panel taking position by the horizontal movement device, and then the first limb section 4021, the second limb section 4022, the third limb section 4023 and the fourth limb section 4024 are quickly retracted to the original position. When the exposure of the printed circuit board is completed, the first limb section 4021, the second limb section 4022, the third limb section 4023 and the fourth limb section 4024 are linked under the control of the controller, the suction cup hand grip 1003 is extended to suck the exposed printed circuit board in the exposure area and quickly retract the printed circuit board to the original position, and the exposed printed circuit board is transferred to the suction cup hand grip 1004.
Referring to fig. 7, in an embodiment of the present invention, the board collecting and transporting device includes:
a linkage base plate 86, wherein the linkage base plate 86 is fixed on the second slider of the guide rail 37;
the two vertical guide rails 87 are arranged on the linkage bottom plate 86, and seventh sliding blocks are respectively arranged on the two vertical guide rails 87 and slide along the vertical guide rails 87;
the linkage plate 88 is fixed on the seventh sliding block, two supporting bases 89 are fixed at the upper end and the lower end of the linkage plate 88, vertical guide sleeves 90 are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the supporting base 89 arranged at the upper end, vertical guide pillars 91 are respectively arranged on the two vertical guide sleeves 90, and the vertical guide pillars 91 vertically move in the vertical guide sleeves 90;
the transverse supporting seat 92 is arranged at the upper ends of the two vertical guide pillars 91;
the vertical screw 95 is provided with a sixth nut, and a fifth synchronizing wheel 97 is mounted at the lower end of the vertical screw 95;
a link block 96 fixed to the sixth nut and the guide post 91;
the driving motor 98 is fixed at the lower end of the linkage plate 88, and a sixth synchronizing wheel 99 is arranged on the driving motor 98;
a belt 100 connecting the fifth synchronizing wheel 97 and the sixth synchronizing wheel 99;
the vertical bottom plate 101 and the vertical bottom plate 102 are arranged on the square beam 36; a seventh synchronizing wheel 103 is arranged on the vertical bottom plate 101, a driving motor 104 is arranged on the vertical bottom plate 102, and an eighth synchronizing wheel 105 is arranged on the driving motor 104;
a belt 106 connecting the seventh synchronizing wheel 103 and the eighth synchronizing wheel 105; the belt 106 is fixed with the linkage base plate 86 through a connecting sheet; the drive motor 104 drives the linkage base plate 86 to slide on the guide rail 37 through the belt 106;
the deflector is disposed on the top surface of the lateral support seat 92, and includes:
the deflection mechanism 94 is provided with a deflection shaft, and the front end of the deflection shaft is connected with the material taking device (501);
the driving motor 93 is connected with the deflection shaft and drives the deflection shaft to rotate;
the material extracting apparatus 501 is a suction cup gripper 1004.
In this embodiment, when the exposed pcb is required to be stored in the board storage 503, the board retrieving and transporting device and the deflecting device are linked to move the suction cup gripper 1004 to the suction cup gripper 1003 to grip the exposed pcb and place the exposed pcb in the board storage 503. Specifically, firstly, the driving motor 104 in the board collecting and transporting device drives the linkage bottom plate 86 to slide on the guide rail 37, so as to push the whole board collecting and transporting device to move; secondly, a driving motor 98 drives a vertical screw rod 95, since a linkage block 96 is fixed on the sixth nut and the guide posts 91, the guide posts 91 can drive the motor 98 to perform lifting motion, a transverse supporting seat 92 is arranged at the upper ends of the two vertical guide posts 91, so that the deflection device arranged on the top surface of the transverse supporting seat 92 performs lifting motion, and the deflection device arranged on the sucker hand grip 1004 is driven to perform lifting motion; then, the deflector pushes the suction cup gripper 1004 to deflect by a predetermined angle, so that the board collecting and transporting device and the deflector are linked to move the suction cup gripper 1004 to the suction cup gripper 1003 to grip the exposed printed circuit board and place the printed circuit board in the board storage device 503.
Referring to fig. 8, in an embodiment of the present invention, the plate storage device 503 includes: the plate collecting frame 108 is arranged on the top surface of the supporting frame 107;
the plate collecting frame 108 is L-shaped;
the sucker grippers 1004 move to the position where the sucker grippers 1003 grab the exposed printed circuit board and place the printed circuit board on the take-up frame 108;
the supporting frame 47 is also sleeved with a dust cover 56.
Referring to fig. 9, in an embodiment of the present invention, the film cleaning unit 600 includes a driving device and a second cleaning device, the second cleaning device is disposed corresponding to the exposure area, and the driving device drives the second cleaning device to rotate to the exposure area.
The driving device includes:
a rotation shaft 109 vertically provided on the linkage;
a gear 110 sleeved outside the rotating shaft 109;
a driving motor 111 provided on the linkage;
one end of the linkage rod 113 is in butt joint with the driving motor 111 through a coupler 112, and the other end of the linkage rod is provided with a gear 114; the gear 114 is meshed with the gear 110; the driving motor 111 drives the linkage rod 113, the gear 114 and the gear 110 to link with each other in a rotating manner, so as to drive the rotating shaft 109 to rotate;
the second cleaning device includes:
two dust-binding arms 115 respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the rotating shaft 109;
two dust-sticking rollers 116 respectively arranged at the top ends of the two dust-sticking arms 115; the rotating shaft 109 rotates to drive the two dust-binding rollers 116 to rotate;
the two guide rails 117 are arranged on the linkage device, eighth sliding blocks are respectively arranged on the two guide rails, and the eighth sliding blocks slide along the guide rails 117;
a cylinder 118 disposed on the linkage;
a linkage support 119 fixed on the eighth slider and connected with the cylinder 118
The dust-binding rubber wheel 120 is fixed on the linkage support frame 119;
the dust-binding roller 116 rotates to a predetermined angle to the dust-binding rubber wheel 120.
In this embodiment, the film cleaning unit 600 is used for cleaning the film surfaces above and below the glass table of the exposure frame in the exposure area, the rotating shaft 109 is installed at the foremost end of the fourth link 4024, the gear 110 is sleeved outside the rotating shaft 109, the driving motor 111 is installed at the rear end of the fourth link 4024, the driving motor 111 is butted with the linkage rod 113 through the coupling 112, the gear 114 is arranged at the other end of the linkage rod 113 and is engaged with the gear 110 on the rotating shaft 109, and the driving motor 111 rotates to drive the rotating shaft 109 to rotate. Two ends of the rotating shaft 109 are respectively provided with a dust sticking arm 115, and the top end of the dust sticking arm 115 is provided with a dust sticking roller 116. Two guide rails 117 and an air cylinder 118 are installed on the upper surface of the fourth limb section 4024, a linkage support frame 119 is fixed on an eighth sliding block of the guide rails 117, the linkage support frame 119 is connected with the air cylinder 118, a strong dust-sticking rubber wheel 120 is fixed on the linkage support frame 119, and the distance between the strong dust-sticking rubber wheel 120 and the dust-sticking roller 116 is controlled within the stroke of the air cylinder 118. According to the production requirement, the controller controls the driving motor 111 to rotate by a corresponding angle, the linkage rod 113, the rotating shaft 109, the dust adhering arm 115 and the dust adhering roller 116 also rotate by a corresponding angle, and the first limb section 4021, the second limb section 4022, the third limb section 4023 and the fourth limb section 4024 are linked, so that the dust adhering roller 116 can tightly adhere to and roll on the surfaces of the films above and below the exposure frame glass table board, and the cleaning operation on the surfaces of the films is realized.
Referring to fig. 10 to 12, in an embodiment of the present invention, the present invention further includes a control panel, and the control panel is provided with an input key 121 and/or a touch screen 122;
the controller is a central processor 123, and the central processor 123 controls the storage unit 200, the cleaning unit 300, the loading and unloading unit 400, the plate collecting unit 500 and the film cleaning unit 600 to perform corresponding operations through a plurality of electronic controls 124.
In this embodiment, the user controls the operation of the automatic loading and unloading machine 700 through the input buttons 121 and/or the touch screen 122 of the control panel.
The utility model discloses an embodiment still provides an automatic exposure system who goes up unloading machine 700 including any one of the above-mentioned embodiments, exposure system includes the exposure machine, the automatic unloading machine 700 of going up will wait that the printed circuit board of processing place in the exposure area of exposure machine exposes, exposes and accomplishes the back, the automatic unloading machine 700 of going up of exposure machine will printed circuit board withdraws. In the above embodiments, the structure of the specific automatic loading and unloading machine 700 has been described. And will not be described in detail herein.
In summary, the present invention provides an automatic loading and unloading machine 700 of an exposure machine, including a storage unit 200, a cleaning unit 300, an loading and unloading unit 400, a board collecting unit 500, a film cleaning unit 600 and a controller, wherein a printed circuit board to be processed is stacked on a stacking plate rack 4 of the storage unit 200, a material fetching device 301 of the cleaning unit 300 grabs the printed circuit board from the stacking plate rack 4 and puts the printed circuit board into the cleaning unit 300 for cleaning and positioning, specifically, the material fetching device 301 grabs the printed circuit board one at a time and puts the printed circuit board on a conveying device 304, and the conveying device 304 conveys the printed circuit board to the first cleaning device 302 in sequence for cleaning and the positioning device 303 for positioning; the first loading and unloading device 401 of the loading and unloading unit 400 grabs the positioned printed circuit board, specifically, the taking device 4010 moves to the positioning device to grab the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is turned over to be upward, the material taking device 4010 moves to be right below the material taking device 4020 of the second loading and unloading device 402, the material taking device 4020 descends from an original position, grabs the printed circuit board and places the printed circuit board in an exposure area of an exposure machine for exposure, the material taking device 4020 withdraws the original position, after exposure is completed, the material taking device 4020 grabs the exposed printed circuit board, and the original position is withdrawn, the material taking device 501 of the board collecting unit 500 takes the exposed printed circuit board and places the exposed printed circuit board on the board storing device 503, thereby completing the full-automatic operation of the printed circuit board exposure process. According to the setting of production parameters, when the film needs to be cleaned, the second cleaning device in the film cleaning unit 600 cleans the film on the upper and lower glass of the mold frame in the exposure area of the exposure machine, after the cleaning is completed, the dust-sticking arm 115 supports the dust-sticking roller 116 to rotate back to the original position and rotate, and impurities on the dust-sticking roller 116 are transferred to the dust-sticking rubber wheel 120 to prepare for the next cleaning. Therefore, the utility model discloses a go up unloading machine 700 and exposure system in the automation of exposure machine has improved qualification rate, stability and the reliability of printed circuit board exposure quality, has promoted the production output in the unit interval, has reduced the cost of labor simultaneously.
Naturally, the present invention can be embodied in many other forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof, and it should be understood that various changes and modifications can be made by one skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof, and it is intended that all such changes and modifications be considered as within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (18)

1. An automatic feeding and discharging machine (700) of an exposure machine, wherein an exposure area is arranged on the exposure machine, and the automatic feeding and discharging machine is characterized by comprising:
the storage unit (200) comprises a support frame (1), wherein a stacking frame (4) used for storing the printed circuit board to be processed is arranged on the top surface of the support frame (1);
the cleaning unit (300) comprises a supporting frame (5), wherein a material taking device (301) for grabbing the printed circuit board from the stacking frame (4), a first cleaning device (302) for cleaning the printed circuit board, a positioning device (303) for positioning the printed circuit board and a conveying device (304) for sequentially conveying the printed circuit board to the first cleaning device (302) for cleaning and positioning the positioning device (303) are arranged on the supporting frame (5); the material taking device (301) places the grabbed printed circuit board on the conveying device (304);
the feeding and discharging unit (400) comprises a first feeding and discharging device (401) and a second feeding and discharging device (402), wherein the first feeding and discharging device (401) comprises a horizontal moving device, a plate turnover device and a material taking device (4010); the horizontal movement device is arranged close to the cleaning unit (300), the plate turnover device is mounted on the horizontal movement device, the material taking device (4010) is mounted on the plate turnover device, and the plate turnover device drives the material taking device (4010) to turn over; the horizontal movement device drives the plate turnover device and the material taking device (4010) to move horizontally, and the material taking device (4010) moves to the positioning device to grab the printed circuit board;
the second feeding and discharging device (402) comprises a supporting frame (47) and a feeding and discharging conveyor, the feeding and discharging conveyor is installed on the supporting frame (47), the feeding and discharging conveyor comprises a linkage device and a material taking device (4020), the material taking device (4020) is installed on the linkage device, the linkage device drives the material taking device (4020) to move, the material taking device (4020) moves to the material taking device (4010) to grab the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is placed on the exposure area to be exposed, so that the exposed printed circuit board is obtained;
the board collecting unit (500) comprises a board collecting device (502) and a board storing device (503), the board collecting device (502) comprises a board collecting and transporting device, a deflecting device and a material taking device (501), the deflecting device is arranged on the board collecting and transporting device, the material taking device (501) is arranged on the deflecting device, the board collecting and transporting device drives the deflecting device and the material taking device (501) to move, the deflecting device drives the material taking device (501) to perform deflecting motion, and the material taking device (501) deflects to a preset angle to grab the exposed printed circuit board and place the exposed printed circuit board on the board storing device (503);
the controller is respectively in communication connection with the storage unit (200), the cleaning unit (300), the feeding and discharging unit (400) and the board collecting unit (500), sends preset control instructions to the storage unit (200), the cleaning unit (300), the feeding and discharging unit (400) and the board collecting unit (500), and controls the storage unit (200), the cleaning unit (300), the feeding and discharging unit (400) and the board collecting unit (500) to execute corresponding operations;
the horizontal movement device comprises a support frame (35), and the support frame (35) is arranged on the outer wall of the support frame (5); the supporting frame (35) is composed of two square beams (36); the square beam (36) is provided with a guide rail (37), a screw rod (38) and a driving motor (39); a second sliding block is arranged on the guide rail (37), and the second sliding block slides along the guide rail (37);
the board conveyer of receiving includes:
a linkage base plate (86), wherein the linkage base plate (86) is fixed on the second sliding block of the guide rail (37);
the two vertical guide rails (87) are arranged on the linkage bottom plate (86), the two vertical guide rails (87) are respectively provided with a seventh sliding block, and the seventh sliding block slides along the vertical guide rails (87);
the linkage plate (88) is fixed on the seventh sliding block, two supporting bases (89) are fixed at the upper end and the lower end of the linkage plate (88), vertical guide sleeves (90) are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the supporting base (89) arranged at the upper end, vertical guide pillars (91) are respectively arranged on the two vertical guide sleeves (90), and the vertical guide pillars (91) move up and down in the vertical guide sleeves (90);
the transverse supporting seat (92) is arranged at the upper ends of the two vertical guide columns (91);
the vertical screw rod (95), a sixth nut is arranged on the vertical screw rod (95), and a fifth synchronizing wheel (97) is installed at the lower end of the vertical screw rod (95);
a linkage block (96) fixed to the sixth nut and the guide post (91);
the driving motor (98) is fixed at the lower end of the linkage plate (88), and a sixth synchronizing wheel (99) is arranged on the driving motor (98);
a belt (100) connecting the fifth synchronizing wheel (97) and the sixth synchronizing wheel (99);
the vertical base plate (101) and the vertical base plate (102), wherein the vertical base plate (101) and the vertical base plate (102) are arranged on the square beam (36); a seventh synchronizing wheel (103) is installed on the vertical bottom plate (101), a driving motor (104) is installed on the vertical bottom plate (102), and an eighth synchronizing wheel (105) is installed on the driving motor (104);
a belt (106) connecting the seventh synchronizing wheel (103) and the eighth synchronizing wheel (105); the belt (106) is fixed with the linkage bottom plate (86) through a connecting sheet; the drive motor (104) drives the linkage bottom plate (86) to slide on the guide rail (37) through the belt (106);
the deflector is arranged on the top surface of the transverse support seat (92), and comprises:
the deflection mechanism (94) is provided with a deflection shaft, and the front end of the deflection shaft is connected with the material taking device (501);
and the driving motor (93) is connected with the deflection shaft and drives the deflection shaft to rotate.
2. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 1, further comprising a film cleaning unit (600), wherein the film cleaning unit (600) is communicatively connected to the controller, and the controller controls the film cleaning unit (600) to perform corresponding operations;
the film cleaning unit (600) comprises a driving device and a second cleaning device, the second cleaning device is arranged corresponding to the exposure area, and the driving device drives the second cleaning device to rotate to the exposure area.
3. Automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 1,
the left side and the right side of the top surface of the support frame (1) are respectively provided with a support beam (2), the inner side surfaces of the two support beams (2) are respectively provided with a plurality of rubber wheels (3), and the stacking frame (4) is arranged on the rubber wheels (3);
the stacking plate frame (4) is L-shaped.
4. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 1, wherein the support frame (5) is a keel frame;
the conveying device (304) comprises a roller (6), a roller (22), a driving motor driving wheel (33) and a belt (34), the driving motor driving wheel (33) is arranged inside the support frame (5), the roller (6) and the roller (22) are arranged on the top surface of the support frame (5), the belt (34) is connected with the roller (6), the roller (22) and the driving motor driving wheel (33), and the driving motor driving wheel (33) drives the belt (34) to move;
a sensor (7) disposed proximate to a front end of the conveyor (304);
the material taking device (301) grabs the printed circuit board and places the printed circuit board on the belt (34) at the front end of the conveying device (304); the inductor (7) is used for inducing the printed circuit board and sending a first signal to the controller, and the controller is used for sending a first control instruction to control the driving wheel (33) of the driving motor to work;
the belt (34) moves to drive the printed circuit board to be sequentially conveyed to the first cleaning device (302) for cleaning and the positioning device (303) for positioning.
5. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 4, wherein the material taking device (301) comprises:
a support frame (8) arranged on one side of the conveying device (304);
the guide rails (9) are arranged on the top surface of the support frame (8), and first sliding blocks are arranged on the guide rails (9);
the driving motor (11) is linked with the driving motor (11) and is provided with a belt (10);
the linkage plate (13) is fixed on the first sliding block, and the top surface of the linkage plate (13) is connected with the belt (10) through a connecting sheet (14); a supporting block (15) is fixed on the bottom surface of the linkage plate (13); a rotary cylinder (16) is arranged on the bottom surface of the supporting block (15); the bottom surface of the supporting block (15) is also provided with an air cylinder (18), and an expansion link of the air cylinder (18) is connected to the upper end of the rotary air cylinder (16); a sucker gripper (1001) is arranged on a cylinder column at the lower end of the rotary cylinder (16), the driving motor (11) drives the linkage plate (13) to move and the sucker gripper (1001) to move, the sucker gripper (1001) moves to the stacking plate frame (4) to grip the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is placed on the belt (34) at the front end of the conveying device (304) of the conveying device;
the inductor (12) is used for inducing the linkage plate (13) and sending a second signal to the controller, and the controller is used for controlling to send a second control instruction to the driving motor (11) and controlling the working state of the driving motor (11);
an inductor (17) for inducing the printed circuit board.
6. Automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 5,
the first cleaning device (302) comprises a plurality of dust-binding rollers (19), a plurality of powerful dust-binding rubber cylinders (20) and a plurality of air cylinders (21), wherein the dust-binding rollers (19) are respectively arranged up and down, the dust-binding rollers (19) arranged above the dust-binding rollers are upper dust-binding rollers, the powerful dust-binding rubber cylinders (20) are arranged above the upper dust-binding rollers and are upper powerful dust-binding rubber cylinders, and the air cylinders (21) are arranged above the upper powerful dust-binding rubber cylinders and are upper air cylinders; the dust-binding roller (19) arranged below is a lower dust-binding roller, the powerful dust-binding rubber cylinder (20) is arranged below the lower dust-binding roller and is a lower powerful dust-binding rubber cylinder, and the air cylinder (21) is arranged below the lower powerful dust-binding rubber cylinder and is a lower air cylinder; when the upper cylinder is jacked up, the upper strong dust-binding rubber cylinder is tightly contacted with the upper dust-binding roller; when the lower cylinder is jacked up, the lower strong dust-binding rubber cylinder is tightly contacted with the lower dust-binding roller;
the dust-binding roller (19) and the strong dust-binding rubber cylinder (20) are detachably connected with the support frame (5).
7. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 6, wherein the positioning device (303) is provided at one side of the conveying device (304), the positioning device (303) comprising: the anti-friction device comprises a positioning plate (24), an anti-friction roller device (25), a pushing module and an inductor (26), wherein a lifting cylinder (27) is installed on the bottom surface of the positioning plate (24), the lifting cylinder (27) drives the positioning plate (24) to move up and down, a lifting cylinder (28) is installed on the bottom surface of the anti-friction roller device (25), and the lifting cylinder (28) drives the anti-friction roller device (25) to move up and down;
the pushing module consists of a vertical guide rail (29), a screw rod (30), a driving motor (31) and a pushing rod device (32); the bottom end of the screw rod (30) is connected with the driving motor (31), the driving motor (31) drives the screw rod (30), and the other end of the screw rod (30) extends out of the vertical guide rail (29) and is connected with the push rod device (32);
the positioning plate (24) is provided with two gear edges, and the push rod device (32) pushes the printed circuit board to move to the gear edges to position the printed circuit board;
and the inductor (23) is fixed on the gear edge to induce the printed circuit board.
8. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of exposure machine according to claim 7, characterized in that the horizontal movement device comprises a linkage base plate (40) fixed on the second slide block, the linkage base plate (40) is fixed with a first nut on the screw rod (38) through a linkage block (41); the driving motor (39) drives the linkage bottom plate (40) to move;
the plate turnover device comprises:
a plurality of vertical support rods (42) arranged on the linkage bottom plate (40);
the rotating shaft (43) is arranged at the top end of the vertical supporting rod (42);
the driving motor (44) is connected with the rotating shaft (43) through a coupling (45);
one end of the supporting rod (46) is vertically connected with the rotating shaft (43), the other end of the supporting rod is provided with a material taking device (4010), and the material taking device (4010) comprises a sucker gripper (1002); the driving motor (44) drives the rotating shaft (43) to rotate, and drives the sucker gripper (1002) to turn over;
the sucker gripper (1002) grips the printed circuit board from the positioning plate (24), and the driving motor (44) drives the sucker gripper (1002) to turn over until the printed circuit board faces upwards; the drive motor (39) drives the sucker gripper (1002) to move to the position right below the material taking device (4020).
9. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of exposure machine of claim 8, wherein the linkage device comprises a first limb joint (4021), a second limb joint (4022), a third limb joint (4023) and a fourth limb joint (4024), the first limb joint (4021), the second limb joint (4022), the third limb joint (4023) and the fourth limb joint (4024) are linked with each other, the material taking device (4020) is driven to descend to the material taking device (4010) to grab the printed circuit board, and the printed circuit board is placed on the exposure area for exposure, so as to obtain an exposed printed circuit board;
the material taking device (4020) is a sucker gripper (1003).
10. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 9, characterised in that the first limb segment (4021) comprises:
the horizontal bottom plate (48) is arranged on the top surface of the supporting frame (47);
the two screw rod supporting blocks (52), the two screw rod supporting blocks (52) are respectively vertically arranged at the left end and the right end of the bottom surface of the horizontal bottom plate (48);
the left end and the right end of the screw rod (50) are respectively arranged on the two screw rod supporting blocks (52) and fixed below the horizontal bottom plate (48); a first synchronous wheel is arranged on the screw rod (50); a second nut is arranged on the screw rod (50);
the driving motor (54), there is the second synchronizing wheel on the said driving motor (54);
the belt (57) is connected with the first synchronizing wheel and the second synchronizing wheel, and the driving motor (54) drives the belt (57) to drive the first synchronizing wheel and the second synchronizing wheel to drive the screw rod (50) to rotate in a linkage manner;
the guide rail (49) is arranged on the top surface of the horizontal bottom plate (48), and a third sliding block is arranged on the guide rail (49) and slides along the guide rail (49);
a horizontal moving plate (53) fixed to the top surface of the third slider;
one end of the connecting block (51) is connected with the horizontal moving plate (53), and the other end of the connecting block is connected with the second nut;
and the sensor (55) senses the horizontal moving plate (53) and sends a third signal to the controller, and the controller controls to send a third control command to the driving motor (54) and control the working state of the driving motor (54).
11. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 10, characterised in that the second limb segment (4022) comprises:
the vertical support frame (58) comprises a first left side plate, a first right side plate, an upper side plate and a lower side plate, and the vertical support frame (58) is arranged on the top surface of the horizontal moving plate (53);
the horizontal moving plate (53) is provided with a through hole matched with the screw rod (60), the screw rod (60) penetrates into the through hole, and the third synchronous wheel (67) is positioned below the through hole; a third nut is arranged on the screw rod (60);
the driving motor (63) is arranged on the horizontal moving plate (53), and a fourth synchronous wheel (69) is arranged on the driving motor;
the belt (68) is connected with the third synchronous wheel (67) and the fourth synchronous wheel (69), and the driving motor (63) drives the belt (68) to drive the third synchronous wheel (67) and the fourth synchronous wheel (69) to drive the screw rod (60) to rotate in a linkage manner;
the two vertical guide rails (59) are respectively arranged on the first left side plate and the first right side plate, and fourth sliding blocks are arranged on the two vertical guide rails (59) and slide along the guide rails (59);
the two linkage blocks (61) are respectively arranged on the two fourth sliding blocks;
a plate (66) with two linkage blocks (61) connected to two sides thereof;
a driving block (62) connecting the plate block (66) and the third nut;
and the inductor (64) is used for inducing the linkage block (61) and sending a fourth signal to the controller, and the controller is used for controlling to send a fourth control instruction to the driving motor (63) and controlling the working state of the driving motor (63).
12. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 11, characterised in that the third limb segment (4023) comprises:
the transverse supporting frame (70) comprises a second left side plate, a second right side plate, a first front side plate and a first rear side plate, and the first front side plate is fixed on the two linkage blocks (61);
one end of the screw rod (72) is fixed to the second left side plate, and the other end of the screw rod (72) is fixed to the second right side plate; a fourth nut is arranged on the screw rod (72);
a drive motor (74) disposed on the second right side plate;
the coupling (76) is connected with the screw rod (72) and the driving motor (74), and the driving motor (74) drives the screw rod (72) to rotate;
the transverse guide rail (71) is arranged on the first rear side plate, a fifth sliding block is arranged on the transverse guide rail (71), and the fifth sliding block slides along the transverse guide rail (71);
a linkage block (73) fixed to the fifth slider and the fourth nut;
and the inductor (75) is used for inducing the linkage block (73) and sending a fifth signal to the controller, and the controller is used for controlling and sending a fifth control command to the driving motor (74) and controlling the working state of the driving motor (74).
13. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 12, characterised in that the fourth limb segment (4024) comprises:
the transverse supporting frame (77) comprises a third left side plate, a third right side plate, a second front side plate and a second rear side plate, and the second front side plate is fixed on the linkage block (73);
one end of the screw rod (79) is fixed on the third left side plate, and the other end of the screw rod (79) is fixed on the third right side plate; a fifth nut is arranged on the screw rod (79);
a drive motor (81) disposed on the third right side plate;
the coupling (83) is connected with the screw rod (79) and the driving motor (81), and the driving motor (81) drives the screw rod (79) to rotate;
the transverse guide rail (78) is arranged on the second rear side plate, a sixth sliding block is arranged on the transverse guide rail (78), and the sixth sliding block slides along the transverse guide rail (78);
a linkage block (80) fixed to the sixth slider and the fifth nut;
the inductor (82) is used for inducing the linkage block (80) and sending a sixth signal to the controller, and the controller is used for controlling to send a sixth control command to the driving motor (81) and controlling the working state of the driving motor (81);
the sucker gripper (1003) is arranged on the linkage block (80), and the sucker gripper (1003) descends from an original position to move to the material taking device (4010) to grip the printed circuit board, places the printed circuit board on the exposure area for exposure, and withdraws the original position; obtaining an exposed printed circuit board, the sucker gripper (1003) moving from a home position to grip the exposed printed circuit board on the exposure area and withdrawing the home position;
the sucker gripper (1003) comprises a sucker (84), and a vacuum air pipe is arranged inside a suction nozzle of the sucker (84);
the sucker handle (1003) is also provided with a dust collection disc (85).
14. Automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 13,
the material taking device (501) is a sucker gripper (1004).
15. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 14, characterized in that the plate storage device (503) comprises: the device comprises a supporting frame (107) and a plate collecting frame (108), wherein the plate collecting frame (108) is arranged on the top surface of the supporting frame (107);
the collecting plate frame (108) is L-shaped;
the sucker gripper (1004) moves to the position where the sucker gripper (1003) grips the exposed printed circuit board and places the printed circuit board on the board collecting frame (108);
and a dust cover (56) is also sleeved on the supporting frame (47).
16. Automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of an exposure machine according to claim 2,
the driving device includes:
a rotating shaft (109) vertically provided on the linkage;
the gear (110) is sleeved outside the rotating shaft (109);
a drive motor (111) provided on the linkage;
one end of the linkage rod (113) is in butt joint with the driving motor (111) through a coupler (112), and the other end of the linkage rod is provided with a gear (114); the gear (114) is meshed with the gear (110); the driving motor (111) rotates to drive the linkage rod (113), the gear (114) and the gear (110) to be linked, and drives the rotating shaft (109) to rotate;
the second cleaning device includes:
two dust-binding arms (115) respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the rotating shaft (109);
the two dust-sticking rollers (116) are respectively arranged at the top ends of the two dust-sticking arms (115); the rotating shaft (109) rotates to drive the two dust-binding rollers (116) to rotate;
the two guide rails (117) are arranged on the linkage device, eighth sliding blocks are respectively arranged on the two guide rails, and the eighth sliding blocks slide along the guide rails (117);
a cylinder (118) disposed on the linkage;
the linkage support frame (119) is fixed on the eighth sliding block, is connected with the air cylinder (118) and is fixed on the linkage support frame (119), and is provided with a dust-sticking rubber wheel (120);
the dust-binding roller (116) rotates for a preset angle to the dust-binding rubber wheel (120).
17. The automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of exposure machine of any one of claims 1 to 16, further comprising a control panel, wherein the control panel is provided with an input key (121) and/or a touch screen (122);
the controller is a central processor (123), and the central processor (123) controls the storage unit (200), the cleaning unit (300), the feeding and discharging unit (400), the plate collecting unit (500) and the film cleaning unit (600) to execute corresponding operations through a plurality of electronic control elements (124).
18. An exposure system comprising the automatic loading and unloading machine (700) as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 17, wherein the exposure system comprises the exposure machine, the automatic loading and unloading machine (700) places the printed circuit board to be processed on the exposure area of the exposure machine for exposure, and after exposure is completed, the automatic loading and unloading machine (700) of the exposure machine withdraws the printed circuit board.
CN201822174588.9U 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 Automatic feeding and discharging machine of exposure machine and exposure system Active CN210136390U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822174588.9U CN210136390U (en) 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 Automatic feeding and discharging machine of exposure machine and exposure system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822174588.9U CN210136390U (en) 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 Automatic feeding and discharging machine of exposure machine and exposure system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210136390U true CN210136390U (en) 2020-03-10

Family

ID=69702005

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201822174588.9U Active CN210136390U (en) 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 Automatic feeding and discharging machine of exposure machine and exposure system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210136390U (en)

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