CN209891585U - Roof farm - Google Patents

Roof farm Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209891585U
CN209891585U CN201920552320.6U CN201920552320U CN209891585U CN 209891585 U CN209891585 U CN 209891585U CN 201920552320 U CN201920552320 U CN 201920552320U CN 209891585 U CN209891585 U CN 209891585U
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
roof
rainwater
isolation box
environment
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CN201920552320.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钭龙飞
王英毅
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Zhejiang Lancheng Zhuoshi Architectural Environment Design Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Lancheng Zhuoshi Architectural Environment Design Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an urban afforestation field, more specifically say that it relates to a roof farm, aims at solving roof farm and needs repeated watering many times, and the problem of maintenance difficulty, and its technical scheme main points are: the device comprises an isolation box connected with a roof, a planting soil layer buried in the isolation box, a sand layer laid at the bottom of the planting soil layer, a gravel layer laid below the sand layer, a drain pipe buried at the bottom of the gravel layer and provided with a drain hole, a water storage tank communicated with the drain pipe, and a covering layer laid at the top of the planting soil layer. The utility model discloses a grit layer such as sand bed, gravel layer filters the rainwater to collect the rainwater after will filtering through the storage water tank, realize the utilization of rainwater, reduce artifical watering number of times.

Description

Roof farm
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an urban afforestation field, more specifically say, it relates to a roof farm.
Background
Because the urban development speed is accelerated, the building group is dense, the vegetation greening is lacked, asphalt road and cement road are paved on the road surface, the urban road surface absorbs heat faster than soil and vegetation in suburbs and has small heat capacity, and the urban heat island effect is caused. Carry out the gardens to the building, introduce more green in the building, not only complied with the call of low carbon life at present, also beautified the space simultaneously.
Roof farm is an important measure for improving urban ecological environment , regulating microclimate, reducing runoff, purifying air, lowering room temperature and enriching urban landscape. The roof space is fully utilized, the greening treatment of the roof is well carried out, not only can rest and entertainment places be provided, people can further approach nature, artistic charm can be added to urban buildings, and the garden feeling is enjoyed in reinforced cement cities.
However, the wind speed of the roof is high, water is easy to evaporate, frequent manual irrigation is needed, meanwhile, the nutrient soil layer of the roof farm is thin, the water retention capacity is weak, and a large amount of rainwater overflows the roof farm to run off in rainy days, so that the roof farm for efficiently purifying and storing the roof rainwater needs to be developed, the rainwater runoff pollution of the roof is reduced, and meanwhile, the rainwater resource is stored and utilized, and the maintenance cost is reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Not enough to prior art exists, the utility model aims to provide a roof farm village filters the rainwater through grit layer such as sand bed, gravel layer to collect the rainwater after will filtering through the storage water tank, realize the utilization of rainwater, reduce artifical watering number of times.
The above technical purpose of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions: a roof farm village comprises an isolation box connected with a roof, a planting soil layer buried in the isolation box, a sand layer laid at the bottom of the planting soil layer, a gravel layer laid below the sand layer, a drain pipe buried at the bottom of the gravel layer and provided with drain holes, a water storage tank communicated with the drain pipe, and a covering layer laid at the top of the planting soil layer.
In rainy day, the rainwater falls into the shielded box, then in proper order through the overburden, plant soil layer, sand bed, gravel layer's filtration, finally flows into the drain pipe from the wash port to flow into the storage water tank along the drain pipe and store, realize the filtration and the collection to the rainwater.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the top opening of the isolation box is located above the covering layer.
When filtering the rainwater, the rainwater can slowly permeate through multilayer filtration, but the precipitation rate of rainwater probably can be greater than the filtration rate of isolation box, and the rainwater that comes too late to filter can be deposited in between overburden top and isolation box top, can prestore and collect.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the isolation box is provided with an overflow port above the covering layer, the overflow port is connected with an overflow pipe, and the overflow pipe is communicated with the water storage tank.
When the rainwater is about to overflow, the rainwater uniformly flows out from the overflow port, and the part of the rainwater to be overflowed does not contact with the planting soil layer, and the contacted air is the washed air, so the rainwater is cleaner and is directly discharged into the water storage tank through the overflow pipe for subsequent watering and irrigation.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the drain pipe has all seted up the wash port in top, both sides, and the drain pipe downward sloping extends to in the storage water tank.
The drain holes are used for introducing water flowing to the gravel layer and guiding the water into the storage tank, and in order to collect the filtered water as quickly and comprehensively as possible, the drain holes are formed in the top surface and the two sides of the drain pipe, so that water flows along the bottom surface of the inner wall of the drain pipe at an inclined angle.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the covering layer is a large-particle activated carbon layer.
The overburden filters the rainwater on the one hand, so chooses activated carbon for use, and on the other hand is for the protection soil horizon of planting, prevents that the soil horizon of planting direct and external contact from being blown away by the great wind of attic, so selects the activated carbon of large granule, bold head.
The utility model discloses further set up to: an environment-friendly energy lamp is installed in the isolation box, and a plurality of environment-friendly energy lamps are arranged in the isolation box.
The environment-friendly energy lamp mainly has the function of providing illumination for part of plants with insufficient illumination, so that the plants can grow better.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the environment-friendly energy lamp is charged by solar energy, and the environment-friendly energy lamp is electrically connected with a solar charging panel.
Solar energy is absorbed by the solar charging panel and converted into electric energy to be stored, and then the environment-friendly energy lamp emits light to illuminate plants, so that the environment is protected, and the plant lamp is more attractive.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the environment-friendly energy lamp is wrapped by a waterproof shell.
The environment-friendly energy lamp is used outdoors, and the waterproof shell is mainly used for preventing water flow from flowing into the lamp body to damage the lamp.
To sum up, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
firstly, filtering rainwater through sand layers such as a sand layer and a gravel layer;
secondly, the filtered rainwater is collected through the water storage tank, so that the rainwater is utilized, and the manual irrigation frequency is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present embodiment.
In the figure: 1. an isolation box; 2. planting a soil layer; 3. a sand layer; 4. a gravel layer; 5. a drain pipe; 51. a drain hole; 6. an overflow pipe; 7. an environment-friendly energy lamp; 71. a solar charging panel; 8. and (4) a covering layer.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Example (b): a roof farm includes an isolation box 1 connected with a roof, a planting soil layer 2 buried in the isolation box 1, a sand layer 3 laid at the bottom of the planting soil layer 2, a gravel layer 4 laid below the sand layer 3, a drain pipe 5 buried at the bottom of the gravel layer 4 and provided with a drain hole 51, and a water storage tank communicated with the drain pipe 5, as shown in figure 1.
Isolation box 1 is common top end opening case, in order to increase the harmonious degree of environment, chooses for use the timber material better. The plant is planted in shielded box 1, and the root system is planting soil horizon 2 and absorbing the nutrient, and when rainy day, the rainwater falls into shielded box 1 in, then flows into and moistens and plant soil horizon 2.
When the water content of the planting soil layer 2 is saturated, the water flows downwards to the sand layer 3. The sand bed 3 uses fine sand as the material, plays main filtering action on the one hand, and on the other hand also is for keeping soil, lets soil can not be driven along with the rainwater flow.
The 3 water conservation abilities on sand bed are poor, rivers reach the gravel layer 4 of lower floor after 3 on sand bed, and the gravel layer 4 chooses for use great stone, and the cross-section size of stone is greater than the size of the drain hole 51 on the drain pipe 5, plays supplementary filterable effect, avoids silt to flow into the storage water tank from the drain hole 51 as far as possible.
Meanwhile, in order to further prevent silt from flowing into the water storage tank along the drain hole 51, a filter screen is arranged on the drain hole 51, but the design of the filter screen can influence the flow rate of water flow, so the drain hole 51 and the filter screen are arranged at the top and two sides of the drain pipe 5, and the filter screen is adhered to the drainage position by using glue. The drain pipe 5 is provided with a plurality of pipes and extends downward into the storage tank, and the water flow of the gravel layer 4 is introduced from the drain hole 51 and guided into the storage tank along the drain pipe 5.
Plant soil horizon 2 tops and laid overburden 8, overburden 8 uses large granule active carbon, plays the filterable effect of rainwater on the one hand, and on the other hand is for the protection plants soil horizon 2, prevents to plant soil horizon 2 direct and external contact, is blown away by the great wind of top building.
An overflow port is arranged at the top of the isolation box 1 above the covering layer 8, an overflow pipe 6 is connected to the overflow port, and the overflow pipe 6 is communicated with the water storage tank. When filtering the rainwater, the rainwater can slowly permeate through multilayer filtering structure, but the precipitation rate of rainwater probably can be greater than the filtration rate of shielded box 1, and this part of rainwater that does not reach the filtration can be deposited between 8 tops of overburden and shielded box 1 tops, can prestore and collect.
And when the pre-stored collected rainwater is about to overflow, the rainwater can flow out of the overflow port. At this time, the part of the rainwater which is about to overflow is positioned at the topmost part in the isolation box 1, so that the rainwater does not contact the planting soil layer 2; the air contacted with the rainwater in the falling process is also the air which is washed, so that the water is relatively clean and is directly discharged into the water storage tank through the overflow pipe 6 for subsequent watering and irrigation.
Meanwhile, the cover layer 8 covers the planting soil layer 2, so that rainwater above the cover layer 8 cannot contact with the planting soil layer 2 too much.
In order to provide illumination for partial plants with insufficient illumination and enable the plants to grow better, a plurality of environment-friendly energy lamps 7 are connected to the isolation box 1. The environment-friendly energy lamp 7 is electrically connected with the solar charging panel 71, when the environment-friendly energy lamp is used, the solar charging panel 71 absorbs solar energy to convert the solar energy into electric energy for storage, and then the environment-friendly energy lamp 7 emits light to illuminate plants, so that the environment is protected, and the environment is more beautiful. It should be noted that the solar charging panel 71 needs to be connected to a position where the plants cannot be shielded, and the optimal charging time is 11 am to 3 pm.
Simultaneously, because the environmental protection energy lamp 7 is used in the open, still the parcel has the waterproof shell outside the environmental protection energy lamp 7, and the waterproof shell uses bolted connection, and mainly used prevents that rivers from flowing into in the lamp body, causes the damage to lamps and lanterns.
The working process is as follows: in rainy day, the rainwater falls into isolation box 1 in, then in proper order through overburden 8, planting soil horizon 2, sand bed 3, the filtration of gravel layer 4, finally flows into drain pipe 5 from wash port 51 to store in flowing into the storage water tank along drain pipe 5, realize the filtration and the collection to the rainwater.
It is above only the utility model discloses a preferred embodiment, the utility model discloses a scope of protection does not only confine above-mentioned embodiment, the all belongs to the utility model discloses a technical scheme under the thinking all belongs to the utility model discloses a scope of protection. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A roof farm, comprising: the device comprises an isolation box (1) connected with a roof, a planting soil layer (2) buried in the isolation box (1), a sand layer (3) laid at the bottom of the planting soil layer (2), a gravel layer (4) laid below the sand layer (3), a drain pipe (5) buried at the bottom of the gravel layer (4) and provided with drain holes (51), a water storage tank communicated with the drain pipe (5), and a covering layer (8) laid at the top of the planting soil layer (2).
2. A roof farm according to claim 1, wherein: the top opening of the isolation box (1) is positioned above the covering layer (8).
3. A roof farm according to claim 2, wherein: the isolation box (1) is provided with an overflow port above the covering layer (8), the overflow port is connected with an overflow pipe (6), and the overflow pipe (6) is communicated with the water storage tank.
4. A roof farm according to claim 1, wherein: the drain pipe (5) is provided with drain holes (51) at the top and two sides, and the drain pipe (5) is inclined downwards and extends into the water storage tank.
5. A roof farm according to claim 1, wherein: the covering layer (8) is a large-particle activated carbon layer.
6. A roof farm according to claim 1, wherein: an environment-friendly energy lamp (7) is installed in the isolation box (1), and a plurality of environment-friendly energy lamps (7) are arranged.
7. A roof farm according to claim 6, wherein: the environment-friendly energy lamp (7) is charged by solar energy, and the environment-friendly energy lamp (7) is electrically connected with a solar charging panel (71).
8. A roof farm according to claim 6, wherein: the environment-friendly energy lamp (7) is wrapped by a waterproof shell.
CN201920552320.6U 2019-04-22 2019-04-22 Roof farm Active CN209891585U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920552320.6U CN209891585U (en) 2019-04-22 2019-04-22 Roof farm

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920552320.6U CN209891585U (en) 2019-04-22 2019-04-22 Roof farm

Publications (1)

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CN209891585U true CN209891585U (en) 2020-01-03

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920552320.6U Active CN209891585U (en) 2019-04-22 2019-04-22 Roof farm

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CN (1) CN209891585U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113638554A (en) * 2021-07-24 2021-11-12 山东华盛建筑设计研究院 Green roof structure

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113638554A (en) * 2021-07-24 2021-11-12 山东华盛建筑设计研究院 Green roof structure

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