CN209810746U - Metal part cleaning device - Google Patents

Metal part cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209810746U
CN209810746U CN201821983997.7U CN201821983997U CN209810746U CN 209810746 U CN209810746 U CN 209810746U CN 201821983997 U CN201821983997 U CN 201821983997U CN 209810746 U CN209810746 U CN 209810746U
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China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
antirust
metal
conveyor belt
liquid
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CN201821983997.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱海平
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Shanghai Yongtai Automobile Parts Co Ltd
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Shanghai Yongtai Automobile Parts Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201821983997.7U priority Critical patent/CN209810746U/en
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Abstract

According to the utility model discloses in the metal parts belt cleaning device that relates, the conveyer belt sprays portion, supersound washing portion, antirust liquid and sprays portion and high temperature drying portion through the washing liquid in proper order. The cleaning liquid spraying part is provided with a plurality of cleaning liquid spraying units positioned above and below the conveyor belt, the ultrasonic cleaning part is provided with an ultrasonic cleaning tank for ultrasonic cleaning, the antirust liquid spraying part is provided with a plurality of antirust liquid spraying units positioned above and below the conveyor belt, and the high-temperature drying part is circulated from the outside and is introduced with high-temperature gas. Therefore, the utility model discloses a metal parts belt cleaning device makes the washing of the metal residue on metal parts surface paint more artifically or the squirt washes more evenly owing to the mode of setting up of shower nozzle when the spraying washing liquid, and the workman also can not receive the damage because wash metal parts with the hand, and is unusual, because ultrasonic cleaning's application also makes the metal parts that have complicated fine structure surface can obtain more thorough washing.

Description

Metal part cleaning device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the field of machinery, concretely relates to metal part belt cleaning device.
Background
Machining refers to a process of changing the physical dimensions or properties of a workpiece by a mechanical device.
In the manufacturing process of metal parts, different machining processes are usually required to participate in the forming process of the metal parts, such as: turning, cutting, grinding, drilling, tapping and the like, metal chips and cutting fluid are inevitably attached to the surfaces of the metal parts after the machining processes, and at the moment, the surfaces of the metal parts need to be cleaned and sprayed with antirust coatings to be stored and used for subsequent parts.
The existing cleaning method is that metal parts to be cleaned are gathered together and placed in a region to be cleaned, and the metal parts are cleaned by a high-pressure water gun; or the soaking water tank is manually cleaned; then immersing the metal parts into the anti-rust oil to cover the surfaces of the metal parts with the anti-rust oil, and then placing the metal parts in a centrifugal device so as to remove redundant oil.
The two cleaning methods described above have the following problems: for the first method, there is uncertainty. There is a possibility that some of the metal parts may not be cleaned well, resulting in that individual parts are not cleaned well and put into a subsequent process. For the second method, the workers need to be picked and cleaned one by one manually, so that the workload of the workers is increased, and the hands of the workers are easily damaged. In addition, although the two cleaning methods have certain effect on cleaning metal parts with general surfaces, the cleaning capability of the metal parts with surfaces with complex fine structures is limited, and the complex fine structures of the metal parts cannot be cleaned thoroughly.
In the above manner of immersing the metal parts in the rust preventive oil to remove the excess oil, the metal parts are intensively immersed in the rust preventive oil, so that the rust preventive oil on the surfaces of the metal parts is usually unevenly coated and the rust preventive oil is often coated too thickly. And in addition, the rust preventive oil is not easy to well cover the complex fine structure on the surface of the metal part in the manner that the subsequent spin-drying process consumes unnecessary redundant time while the rust preventive oil is excessively consumed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a metal part cleaning device having the following features, including: a housing, both ends of which are respectively provided with an opening; the conveying part comprises a frame, a chain wheel, a guide rail passing through two openings and a conveying belt; the cleaning solution spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the antirust solution spraying part and the high-temperature drying part are sequentially arranged in the shell according to the cleaning sequence of metal parts, wherein supporting feet for supporting the rack are arranged at two ends of the rack, the chain wheel is movably connected at two ends of the rack, guide rails which are parallel to each other and horizontally arranged are arranged between two ends of the rack, a conveyor belt arranged on the guide rails bypasses the chain wheel to be connected end to end, an external motor drives the chain wheel to drive the conveyor belt to sequentially pass through the cleaning solution spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the antirust solution spraying part and the high-temperature drying part, the cleaning solution spraying part comprises a plurality of cleaning solution spraying units which are respectively arranged above and below the conveyor belt, the cleaning solution spraying units comprise a cleaning liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of cleaning solution spray heads communicated with the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, and the plurality of cleaning liquid conveying pipes are all arranged in, the cleaning liquid spraying device comprises a conveying belt, a plurality of cleaning liquid spraying units, a cleaning liquid spraying unit, a cleaning liquid spraying pipe, a cleaning liquid storage device, a cleaning liquid conveying pipe, a cleaning liquid storage device and an ultrasonic cleaning part, wherein the cleaning liquid spraying units above the conveying belt are all arranged adjacently, the cleaning liquid spraying heads are all arranged vertically towards the conveying belt, the cleaning liquid conveying pipe is a metal straight pipe, the cleaning liquid conveying pipe is arranged in a shell and is communicated with the external cleaning liquid storage device, metal part cleaning liquid is injected into each cleaning liquid spraying head through the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, the cleaning liquid spraying; the ultrasonic cleaning tank is filled with metal part cleaning solution, the ultrasonic generator is arranged below the ultrasonic cleaning tank and is contacted with a clapboard at the bottom of the ultrasonic cleaning tank, the ultrasonic wavelength is 0.0085-0.012 meter, when the conveyor belt passes through the ultrasonic cleaning part, the conveyor belt bears metal parts and passes through the ultrasonic cleaning tank, the antirust liquid spraying unit comprises a plurality of antirust oil spraying units which are respectively arranged above and below the conveyor belt, the antirust liquid spraying unit comprises an antirust liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of antirust liquid spray heads communicated with the antirust liquid conveying pipe, the plurality of antirust liquid conveying pipes are all arranged in parallel with the conveyor belt and perpendicular to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt, the plurality of antirust liquid spraying units above the conveyor belt are all arranged adjacently, the plurality of antirust liquid spraying units below the conveyor belt are all arranged adjacently, and the antirust liquid spray heads are all arranged towards the conveyor belt vertically, antirust transfer line is the metal straight tube, this antirust transfer line sets up in the shell inside and communicates with outside antirust liquid storage device, the metal parts antirust liquid passes through antirust transfer line and pours into every antirust liquid shower nozzle, a plurality of antirust liquid shower nozzles evenly distributed on antirust transfer line, antirust liquid shower nozzle appearance is cylindricly, set up logical groove on this antirust liquid shower nozzle's the terminal surface, the logical groove of a plurality of antirust liquid shower nozzles all is on a parallel with the axis of antirust transfer line, high temperature stoving portion has the gas access mouth that lets in high temperature gas from the outside, outside exhaust high temperature gas's gas outlet, gas access mouth, gas outlet all sets up at the shell inner wall, high temperature gas lets in through gas access mouth, gas outlet discharges, outside carries out the oil-gas separation back and gets into high temperature stoving portion through gas access mouth once more and realizes recycling.
The utility model provides a pair of metal parts belt cleaning device, can also have such characteristic: wherein, the through-groove of metal parts washing liquid, antirust liquid shower nozzle terminal surface all sets up on the diameter.
The utility model provides a pair of metal parts belt cleaning device, can also have such characteristic: wherein, the pressure intensity of the metal part cleaning liquid and the metal part antirust liquid is 0.5-0.8 MPa.
The utility model provides a pair of metal parts belt cleaning device, can also have such characteristic: wherein, the guide rail that is located ultrasonic cleaning portion is to ultrasonic cleaning tank indent.
The utility model provides a pair of metal parts belt cleaning device, can also have such characteristic: wherein the temperature of the ultrasonic cleaning liquid is 50-80 ℃.
The utility model provides a pair of metal parts belt cleaning device, can also have such characteristic: wherein, two openings of shell all use the blend stop to keep apart with the outside, and the antirust liquid sprays and keeps apart with the blend stop between the high temperature drying portion.
The utility model provides a pair of metal parts belt cleaning device, can also have such characteristic: wherein the running speed of the conveyor belt is 0.008-0.02 m/s.
The utility model provides a pair of metal parts belt cleaning device, can also have such characteristic: wherein the metal part cleaning solution is a cleaning solution prepared by mixing a cleaning agent and water according to a ratio of 1:2.5-1:3, and the metal part antirust solution is an antirust solution prepared by mixing an antirust solution and water according to a ratio of 1:2.5-1: 3.
Action and effect of the utility model
According to the utility model discloses in related metal parts belt cleaning device, the conveyer belt sprays portion, supersound washing portion, antirust liquid and sprays portion and high temperature drying portion through the washing liquid in proper order. The cleaning liquid spraying part is provided with a plurality of cleaning liquid spraying units positioned above and below the conveyor belt, the ultrasonic cleaning part is provided with an ultrasonic cleaning tank for ultrasonic cleaning, the antirust liquid spraying part is provided with a plurality of antirust liquid spraying units positioned above and below the conveyor belt, and the high-temperature drying part is circulated from the outside and is introduced with high-temperature gas.
Because the metal parts arranged on the conveyor belt sequentially pass through the cleaning liquid spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the antirust liquid spraying part and the high-temperature drying part. The metal part cleaning device cleans metal parts by using metal part cleaning liquid, ultrasonic deep cleaning, spraying of metal part antirust liquid and high-temperature gas drying.
Therefore, the utility model discloses a metal parts belt cleaning device has and need not the manual work to handle the metal residue on metal parts surface at the operation in-process, and the washing that sets up the mode of shower nozzle when owing to spraying metal parts washing liquid makes the metal residue on metal parts surface paint more the manual work or the squirt washes more evenly, and the workman also can not receive the damage because wash metal parts with the hand, and is unusual, also make the metal parts that have complicated microstructure surface can obtain more thorough washing owing to ultrasonic cleaning's application. Compared with the immersion type covering of the anti-rust oil, the mode of spraying the anti-rust liquid on the metal part is adopted, so that the anti-rust oil on the surface of the metal part is more uniformly distributed, and the consumption of the anti-rust oil is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a metal part cleaning device according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a partial schematic view of a metal part cleaning apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a cleaning liquid spray head of a metal part cleaning device according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic partial cross-sectional view of an ultrasonic cleaning part of a metal part cleaning device according to a first embodiment of the present invention, along a traveling direction of a conveyor belt; and
fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of a proximity sensor configured in a metal part cleaning apparatus according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, creation characteristics, achievement purpose and efficiency of the utility model easily understand and understand, the following embodiment combines the drawings to specifically describe the metal part cleaning device of the utility model.
< example one >
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the metal part cleaning apparatus 100 includes: a housing, a transmission part 10, a cleaning liquid spray part 20, an ultrasonic cleaning part 30, a rust preventive liquid spray part 40, and a high-temperature drying part 50.
The shell is cuboid box shape, and the both ends side of this shell respectively sets up the same opening of shape size.
The conveying section 10 includes a frame, a sprocket 11, a guide rail 12, a conveyor belt 13, and a guide plate 14.
The cleaning liquid spraying part 20, the ultrasonic cleaning part 30, the antirust liquid spraying part 40 and the high-temperature drying part 50 which are communicated with each other are sequentially arranged in the shell according to the cleaning sequence of the metal parts.
The frame is a cuboid rigid frame body structure, and the frame is horizontally supported by supporting legs arranged at two ends of the length direction of the frame.
The two chain wheels 11 are respectively movably connected at two ends of the length direction of the frame and are driven by an external motor to synchronously rotate in the same direction.
Two guide rails 12 which are parallel to the long edge of the frame and are horizontally arranged are arranged between the two ends of the length direction of the frame, and the two guide rails 12 penetrate through the whole shell through two openings of the shell.
Two sides of the conveyor belt 13 are arranged above the guide rail, and the conveyor belt respectively bypasses the two chain wheels 11 and is connected end to end.
The chain wheels 11 drive the closed conveyor belt 13 to perform directional movement between the two chain wheels 11, the advancing direction is D, namely the conveyor belt 13 passes through the inside of the shell and is used for conveying metal parts to sequentially pass through the cleaning liquid spraying part 20, the ultrasonic cleaning part 30, the antirust liquid spraying part 40 and the high-temperature drying part 50, and the advancing speed is 0.008-0.02 m/s. In the present embodiment, the traveling speed is preferably 0.015 m/s. The conveyor belt 13 is preferably a mesh conveyor belt made of stainless steel wires.
The guide plate 14 is positioned outside the two openings of the shell and is provided with a groove, and two sides of the conveyor belt 13 are embedded in the groove of the guide plate 14 to ensure that the conveyor belt 13 is not deviated.
The cleaning liquid spray part 20 includes a first bar 21 and a plurality of cleaning liquid spray units 22.
The cleaning liquid spraying part 20 is located in the housing and is used for spraying the metal part cleaning liquid to the metal part, so that the conveyor belt 13 enters the region in the housing where the metal part cleaning liquid starts to pass.
The cleaning liquid spraying part 20 is provided with a first baffle 21 at the opening of the shell for isolating from the external environment. In this embodiment, the material of the first barrier strip 21 is preferably plastic.
The cleaning solution spray unit 22 includes a cleaning solution delivery pipe and a plurality of cleaning solution spray heads 221 communicating with the cleaning solution delivery pipe.
In the cleaning liquid spraying portion 20, a plurality of cleaning liquid spraying units 22 are respectively provided above and below the conveyor belt 13, the plurality of cleaning liquid spraying units 22 above the conveyor belt 13 are adjacently provided, and the plurality of cleaning liquid spraying units 22 below the conveyor belt 13 are adjacently provided. The nozzle directions of the cleaning liquid spray heads 221 of the same cleaning liquid spray unit 22 are all arranged in the same direction.
The cleaning infusion tube is a metal straight tube, the cleaning infusion tube is arranged inside the shell and communicated with an external cleaning solution storage device, the metal part cleaning solution is injected into each cleaning solution spray head 221 through the cleaning infusion tube, and the cleaning infusion tubes are all parallel to the conveying belt 13 and perpendicular to the advancing direction D of the conveying belt 13.
The cleaning solution nozzles 221 are uniformly distributed on the cleaning infusion tube, and as shown in fig. 3, the cleaning solution nozzles 221 have a cylindrical shape, and include a connection end 2211, a spray end 2212, and an infusion tube 2214.
The circumferential surface of the connection end 2211 is provided with a screw structure, and the cleaning solution nozzle 221 is screwed with the cleaning infusion tube through the screw structure.
Be provided with logical groove 2213 on the diameter of end face sprays, lead to the groove 2213 appearance and be the rectangular form that the cross section is "V", lead to the inslot and set up a plurality of orifices, the both ends intercommunication infusion pipeline 2214 of orifice and lead to the groove 2213 surface, and infusion pipeline 2214 one end communicates a plurality of orifices respectively, and the other end opening sets up at link 2211. The exterior metal part cleaning liquid is sprayed from the nozzle hole to the outside through the liquid feed line 2214.
Due to the structure of the cleaning liquid spray head 221, the spraying area of the metal part cleaning liquid is in a water curtain shape.
The through slots 2213 of the plurality of cleaning solution nozzles 221 are all parallel to the axis of the cleaning infusion tube, and the cleaning solution nozzles 221 are all vertically arranged towards the conveyor belt 13.
In this embodiment, the cleaning liquid spraying units 22 are 6 groups, three groups of the cleaning liquid spraying units are located above the conveyor belt 13, the other three groups of the cleaning liquid spraying units are located below the conveyor belt 13, each group of the cleaning liquid spraying units 22 includes 12 cleaning liquid nozzles 221, six cleaning liquid conveying pipes are all parallel to the conveyor belt 13 located in the cleaning liquid spraying portion 20, two projections of the six cleaning liquid conveying pipes on a horizontal plane are overlapped to form three projection straight lines, and the distances between the adjacent projection straight lines are equal. Each cleaning liquid spray head 221 is disposed vertically toward the conveyor belt 13. The nozzles of the 36 cleaning liquid spray heads 221 positioned above the conveyor belt 13 are 10-15cm away from the conveyor belt 13, the nozzles of the 36 cleaning liquid spray heads 221 positioned below the conveyor belt 13 are 5-10cm away from the conveyor belt 13, and the external metal part cleaning liquid is supplied to each cleaning liquid spray head 221 on the six cleaning liquid spray units 22 through six cleaning liquid conveying pipes so as to simultaneously spray the metal part cleaning liquid to the metal parts from the upper direction and the lower direction of the conveyor belt 13. In this embodiment, the nozzles of the 36 cleaning liquid spray heads 221 located above the conveyor belt 13 are 15cm away from the conveyor belt 13, the nozzles of the 36 cleaning liquid spray heads 221 located below the conveyor belt 13 are 8cm away from the conveyor belt 13, and the metal part cleaning liquid is 1:3, preparing the cleaning solution.
In order to improve the effect of spraying the metal part cleaning liquid on the metal part, the metal part cleaning liquid sprayed from the cleaning liquid spray head 221 is preheated according to the field requirement and pressurized by an externally connected pressurizing pump. Preheating the metal part cleaning solution to 50-80 ℃, and pressurizing to 0.5-0.8MPa by a pressurizing pump. In this example, the metal part cleaning liquid was preheated to 70 degrees, and pressurized to 0.5MPa by the pressurizing pump.
The ultrasonic cleaning section 30 includes a partition plate 31, an ultrasonic cleaning tank 32, an ultrasonic generator 33, and a guide boss 34.
The ultrasonic cleaning part 30 is located in the housing, is adjacent to and communicated with the cleaning liquid spraying part 20, and is used for deeply cleaning the surface of the metal part by ultrasonically vibrating the cleaning liquid for the metal part, and is an area where the conveyor belt 13 enters after leaving the cleaning liquid spraying part 20.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, 4 partition plates 31 are provided in the ultrasonic cleaning unit 30.
An ultrasonic cleaning slot is formed in the ultrasonic cleaning part 30 by seamlessly splicing 3 isolation plates 31 spliced with the inner surface of the shell with the shell, wherein 2 isolation plates 31 isolate the ultrasonic cleaning slot from the rest part of the metal part cleaning device, and the other 1 isolation plate 31 is used as a bottom plate of the ultrasonic cleaning slot. The ultrasonic generator 33 and the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32 are arranged in the ultrasonic cleaning tank, the ultrasonic generator 33 and the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32 are separated by 1 isolating plate 31, and the ultrasonic generator 33 is arranged below the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32 and is contacted with the isolating plate 31 between the ultrasonic generator 33 and the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32.
The ultrasonic generator 33 converts sound energy of the emitted ultrasonic waves into mechanical vibration by an onboard transducer member, and the metal parts are deeply cleaned by radiating the mechanical vibration to the metal part cleaning solution in the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32.
The guide rail 12 located in the ultrasonic cleaning portion 30 is recessed toward the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32, specifically, the guide rail 12 is inclined oppositely at the same included angle with the horizontal plane at the two ends of the ultrasonic cleaning portion 30 and goes deep into the metal part cleaning liquid of the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32 by the same depth, and then is connected into a whole through a section of horizontal section of the guide rail 12, and the section of the horizontal section of the guide rail is called as the horizontal section in the tank of the guide rail 12.
The inner wall surfaces of two sides of the shell in the ultrasonic cleaning part 30 are respectively provided with a cuboid guide lug 34 with a rectangular cross section in a round corner shape and the same shape and size, the two guide lugs 34 are positioned below the liquid level of the metal part cleaning liquid in the ultrasonic cleaning groove 32, the long edges of the guide lugs 34 are all arranged in parallel to the horizontal section of the guide rail, and the conveyor belt 13 running above the guide rail 12 enters the space between the horizontal section of the guide rail 12 and the long edges of the guide lugs 34 through the guide rail 12.
This design is such that when the conveyor belt 13 passes through the ultrasonic cleaning section 30, the conveyor belt 13 will carry the metal parts through the metal part cleaning liquid in the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32.
In order to ensure that the effect of cleaning the metal parts by the metal part cleaning solution is better, the metal part cleaning solution is preheated according to the field requirement. Preheating the metal part cleaning solution to 50-80 ℃. The wavelength of the ultrasonic wave emitted by the ultrasonic generator 33 is 0.0085-0.012 meter. In this embodiment, the metal part cleaning liquid is preheated to 70 degrees. The ultrasonic wave generated by the ultrasonic generator 33 has a wavelength of 0.012 m.
The rust preventive liquid spray section 40 includes a plurality of rust preventive liquid spray units 41.
The antirust liquid spraying part 40 is positioned in the shell, is adjacent to and communicated with the ultrasonic cleaning part 30, and is used for spraying antirust liquid for the metal parts, and is an area where the conveyor belt 13 enters after leaving the ultrasonic cleaning part 30.
The antirust liquid spraying unit 41 includes an antirust liquid transfer tube and a plurality of antirust liquid spray heads 411 communicating with the antirust liquid transfer tube.
In the antirust liquid spraying portion 40, a plurality of antirust liquid spraying units 41 are respectively provided above and below the conveyor belt 13, a plurality of antirust liquid spraying units 41 above the conveyor belt 13 are adjacently provided, and a plurality of antirust liquid spraying units 41 below the conveyor belt 13 are adjacently provided. The arrangement of the nozzle directions of the antirust liquid nozzles 411 of the same antirust liquid spraying unit 41 is the same.
Rust-resistant transfer line is the metal straight tube, and rust-resistant transfer line setting is in the shell inside and with outside rust-resistant liquid storage device intercommunication, and every rust-resistant liquid shower nozzle 411 is injected through rust-resistant transfer line to the metal part rust-resistant liquid, and the equal parallel of a plurality of rust-resistant transfer lines sets up with conveyer belt 13 and perpendicular to conveyer belt 13's advancing direction D.
The plurality of rust preventive liquid nozzles 411 are uniformly distributed on the rust preventive infusion tube, and have the same outer configuration as the cleaning liquid nozzle 221.
Due to the structure of the antirust liquid spray head 411, the spraying area of the antirust liquid for the metal parts is in a water curtain shape.
The through grooves of the plurality of antirust liquid nozzles 411 are all parallel to the axis of the antirust infusion tube, and the antirust liquid nozzles 411 are all vertically arranged towards the conveyor belt 13.
In this embodiment, the antirust liquid spraying units 41 have 6 groups, three of the antirust liquid spraying units are located above the conveyor belt 13, the other three groups are located below the conveyor belt 13, each antirust liquid spraying unit 41 includes 12 antirust liquid spray heads 411, six cleaning infusion tubes are all parallel to the conveyor belt 13 in the antirust liquid spraying part 40, two projections of the six cleaning infusion tubes on the horizontal plane are overlapped to form three projection straight lines, and the distances between the adjacent projection straight lines are equal. Each rust inhibitive liquid spray head 411 is disposed vertically toward the conveyor belt 13. The distance between the nozzles of the 36 antirust liquid spray heads 411 positioned above the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 10-15cm, the distance between the nozzles of the 36 antirust liquid spray heads 411 positioned below the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 5-10cm, and the antirust liquid for the external metal parts is supplied to each antirust liquid spray head 411 on the six antirust liquid spraying units 41 through six antirust liquid conveying pipes so as to simultaneously spray the antirust liquid for the metal parts from the upper direction and the lower direction of the conveyor belt 13. In this embodiment, the nozzles of the 36 rust-preventive liquid spray heads 411 positioned above the conveyor belt 13 are all 15cm away from the conveyor belt 13, the nozzles of the 36 rust-preventive liquid spray heads 411 positioned below the conveyor belt 13 are all 8cm away from the conveyor belt 13, and the rust-preventive liquid for the metal parts is rust-preventive oil and water according to a ratio of 1:3 blending to obtain the antirust solution.
In order to make the effect of spraying the metal parts with the antirust liquid for the metal parts better, the antirust liquid for the metal parts sprayed by the antirust liquid spray head 411 is preheated according to the field requirement and pressurized by an externally connected pressure pump. Preheating the antirust liquid of the metal parts to 50-80 ℃, and pressurizing to 0.5-0.8MPa by a pressure pump. In this example, the rust preventive liquid for metal parts was preheated to 70 degrees, and pressurized to 0.5MPa by a pressure pump.
The high-temperature drying part 50 is located in the housing, is adjacent to and communicated with the antirust liquid spraying part 40, and has a gas inlet 51, a gas outlet 52 and a second baffle 53.
The high-temperature drying section 50 is used for drying the surface of the metal part by high-temperature gas, and is an area into which the conveyor belt 13 enters after leaving the antirust liquid spraying section 40.
The inner wall of the shell at the high-temperature drying part 50 is provided with a gas inlet 51 and a gas outlet 52, an external drying pressure pump (not marked in the drawing) continuously introduces high-temperature gas into the high-temperature drying part 50 through the gas inlet 51, the high-temperature gas dries residual oil and moisture on the surface of the metal part, then the gas outlet 52 discharges the high-temperature gas through an internal suction fan (not marked in the drawing), the high-temperature gas enters an external oil-gas separator (not marked in the drawing) through cooling, and the dried gas after passing through the oil-gas separator enters the drying pressure pump and then enters the high-temperature part through the gas inlet 51, so that the recycling of the gas in the high-temperature drying part 50 is realized.
In order to make the drying effect of the metal parts better, the gas is pressurized by a pressurizing pump and heated to 50-80 ℃. In this embodiment, the gas is pressurized by a pressurizing pump and heated to 80 ℃.
The high temperature drying part 50 is provided with a second shelves 53 at the opening of the housing and between the high temperature drying part 50 and the antirust liquid spraying part 40, and is used for isolating from the external environment or avoiding the influence of the antirust liquid spraying part 40 on the temperature and humidity of the high temperature drying part 50. In this embodiment, the material of the second stop strip 53 is preferably plastic.
In this embodiment, when the surface of the metal part is cleaned, the metal part is first placed at the beginning of the conveyor belt 13 of the metal part cleaning apparatus in the traveling direction D of the conveyor belt 13 by an external transfer device or manually.
Starting the metal part cleaning device, enabling the conveyor belt 13 to bear the metal parts and enter the cleaning liquid spraying part 20 through the first barrier strip 21, vertically spraying the metal part cleaning liquid which is heated and pressurized in advance from the upper surface and the lower surface of the metal parts simultaneously from the upper direction and the lower direction of the conveyor belt 13 by the cleaning liquid spray head 221 of the cleaning liquid spraying part 20, and enabling the cleaning liquid spraying area to be three water curtains which are vertical to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt 13.
Then, after the metal parts are sprayed with the metal part cleaning solution, the conveyor belt 13 carries the metal parts, leaves the cleaning solution spraying part 20, enters the ultrasonic cleaning tank of the adjacent and communicated ultrasonic cleaning part 30, and deeply cleans the complex microstructure on the surface of the metal parts by ultrasonically vibrating the metal part cleaning solution.
Then, after the metal parts are ultrasonically cleaned, the conveyor belt 13 carries the metal parts to leave the ultrasonic cleaning part 30, the metal parts enter the adjacent and communicated antirust liquid spraying parts 40, antirust liquid which is heated and pressurized in advance is vertically sprayed by the antirust liquid spray nozzles 411 of the antirust liquid spraying parts 40 from the upper direction and the lower direction of the conveyor belt 13 to the upper surface and the lower surface of the metal parts simultaneously, and the antirust liquid spraying area of the metal parts is three water curtains which are vertical to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt 13.
Then, after the metal parts are sprayed with the metal part antirust liquid, the conveyor belt 13 carries the metal parts to leave the antirust liquid spraying part 40, and enters the adjacent and communicated high-temperature drying part 50 through the second barrier strip 53, and the metal parts are dried by high-temperature gas in the high-temperature drying part 50. In addition, the high-temperature gas is introduced into the high-temperature drying part 50 through the gas inlet 51, discharged from the high-temperature drying part 50 through the gas outlet 52 in sequence, separated from the outside air, pressurized and heated by the pressure pump, and introduced into the high-temperature drying part 50 through the gas inlet 51, so that the recycling is realized.
Finally, the conveyor belt 13 carries the metal parts out of the housing through a second bar 53 at the opening of the housing.
Thus, the surface of the metal part is cleaned.
< example two >
The other structure of this embodiment is the same as the first embodiment, but different from the first embodiment in that the cleaning solution spraying unit 22 and the antirust solution spraying unit 41 are both elevating structures, and the elevating structures are specifically configured in such a way that a threaded rod perpendicular to the conveyor belt 13 is disposed on the cleaning liquid conveying pipe of the cleaning solution spraying part 20 and the antirust liquid conveying pipe of the antirust solution spraying part 40, and the threaded rod is arranged in the direction of the reverse conveying belt 13, the surface thread of the threaded rod is meshed with a nut movably connected to a motor, the motor is arranged on the shell and is electrically connected with the outside, the motor is started to drive the nut to rotate, the nut and the threaded rod form a nut-fixing screw rod nut system at the moment, the threaded rod is controlled to rotate forwards or backwards to pull and clean the infusion tube to realize the lifting of the cleaning liquid spraying unit 22, and the lifting of the antirust liquid spraying unit 41 is realized in the same way.
The distances between the cleaning liquid spraying unit 22, the antirust liquid spraying unit 41 and the conveyor belt 13 are adjusted according to actual working requirements, so that the metal part cleaning liquid spraying pressure and the metal part antirust liquid spraying pressure borne by the surface of the metal part are different, the metal part cleaning liquid spraying effect and the metal part antirust liquid spraying effect of the metal part are different, and the cleaning device can realize more flexible parameter adjustment for the metal parts under different conditions.
< example three >
The other structure of this embodiment is the same as the embodiment, and the different structure is that the cleaning solution nozzle 221 and the antirust liquid nozzle 411 are both rotatable structures, the specific structure of the rotatable structure is that each cleaning solution nozzle 221 and each antirust liquid nozzle 411 are respectively and correspondingly connected with the output shaft of a micro motor coaxially, the micro motor is arranged on the first infusion tube and the second infusion tube and is electrically connected with the outside, and the micro motor is started from the outside to enable each cleaning solution nozzle 221 or each antirust liquid nozzle 411 to rotate in a specific plane parallel to the conveyor belt 13.
The spraying area of the cleaning liquid spray head 221 or the antirust liquid spray head 411 can be adjusted by rotating the cleaning liquid spray head 221 or the antirust liquid spray head 411 according to actual working requirements, and therefore the cleaning device can achieve flexible parameter adjustment for metal parts under different conditions.
< example four >
The other structure of this embodiment is the same as the first embodiment, and the different structure is as follows: as shown in fig. 5, electromagnetic valves (not shown in the drawing) are disposed at the inlets for supplying the metal part cleaning liquid to the cleaning liquid spraying unit 22 and the antirust oil to the antirust liquid spraying unit 41, and the electromagnetic valves, the ultrasonic generator 33, the air exhaust fan at the air outlet 52 of the high-temperature drying part 50, and the motor of the driving sprocket 11 are all connected to the same control chip. And 3 proximity sensors S connected with the electromagnetic valve are respectively arranged at the first barrier strip 21 and below the transmission belt 13 between the antirust liquid spraying part 40 and the high-temperature drying part 50, and the three proximity sensors S at each position are uniformly distributed on a straight line which is perpendicular to the advancing direction D of the transmission belt 13 and is parallel to the transmission belt 13.
When no part passes through the proximity sensor S near the first barrier strip 21 within the preset time, the proximity sensor S transmits no signal to the control chip connected with the electromagnetic valve within the preset time, and at the moment, the control chip controls the electromagnetic valve to be closed so that the outside does not supply the metal part cleaning solution for the cleaning solution spraying part 20 any more. The preset time is adjustable in length, the adjustment range is 30 seconds to 5 minutes, and when the two electromagnetic valves are closed, the control chip turns off the ultrasonic generator 33, the air suction fan of the air outlet 52 of the high-temperature drying part 50 and the motor of the driving chain wheel 11, so that the conveyor belt 13 stops running. And the above electromagnetic valves can be opened again by the manual switch, when one electromagnetic valve is opened, the control chip will start the ultrasonic generator 33, the air exhaust fan of the air outlet 52 of the high-temperature drying part 50 and the motor of the driving chain wheel 11 to make the conveyor belt 13 run again.
Effects and effects of the embodiments
According to the metal part cleaning device in the embodiment, the conveyor belt sequentially passes through the cleaning liquid spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the antirust liquid spraying part and the high-temperature drying part. The cleaning liquid spraying part is provided with an upper cleaning liquid spraying unit and a lower cleaning liquid spraying unit which are specially designed, the ultrasonic cleaning part is provided with an ultrasonic cleaning tank for ultrasonic cleaning, the antirust liquid spraying part is provided with an upper antirust liquid spraying unit and a lower antirust liquid spraying unit which are specially designed, and the high-temperature drying part is used for introducing high-temperature gas into the shell from the outside.
Because the metal parts arranged on the conveyor belt sequentially pass through the cleaning liquid spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the antirust liquid spraying part and the high-temperature drying part. The cleaning device is used for cleaning the metal parts by cleaning solution, ultrasonic deep cleaning, antirust liquid spraying protection and high-temperature gas drying on the metal parts.
Therefore, a metal part belt cleaning device of this embodiment has and need not the manual work and wash the metal residue on machine part surface at the operation in-process, shower nozzle orifice size is unchangeable during spraying metal part washing liquid moreover for the washing of the metal residue on metal part surface is scribbled or the squirt is washed more evenly than the manual work, and the workman also can not receive the damage because wash metal part with the hand, and is unusual, also make the metal part that has complicated microstructure surface can obtain more thorough washing because ultrasonic cleaning's application. Compared with the immersion type coating of the anti-rust oil, the mode of spraying the anti-rust liquid on the metal part is adopted to ensure that the anti-rust oil on the surface of the metal part is more uniformly distributed.
Further, according to the metal part cleaning device related to the second embodiment, the cleaning liquid spraying unit and the antirust liquid spraying unit of the surface antirust treatment device are both of a liftable structure, and the distances between the cleaning liquid spraying unit and the antirust liquid spraying unit and the conveyor belt are adjusted according to actual working requirements, so that the metal part cleaning liquid spraying pressure or the antirust liquid spraying pressure of the metal part borne by the surface of the metal part are different, the metal part cleaning liquid spraying and the metal part cleaning liquid spraying effects of the metal part are also different, and the cleaning device can realize more flexible parameter adjustment for the metal parts under different conditions.
Further, according to the metal part cleaning device related to the third embodiment, both the metal part cleaning solution spraying unit and the antirust solution spraying unit are rotatable structures, and the cleaning solution nozzle 221 or the antirust solution nozzle 411 can be rotated according to actual working requirements to adjust the spraying area of the cleaning solution nozzle 221 or the antirust solution nozzle 411, so that the cleaning device can achieve more flexible parameter adjustment for metal parts under different conditions.
Further, according to the metal part cleaning device related to the fourth embodiment, in the cleaning device, by using the proximity sensor and the electromagnetic valve in cooperation, when no part passes through the cleaning liquid spraying part or the antirust liquid spraying part within a period of time, the outside does not provide the metal part cleaning liquid or the antirust liquid for the device any more; the ultrasonic generator, the air extraction fan at the air outlet of the high temperature drying section will also stop working, and the motor driving the sprocket will also stop working so that the conveyor belt will not run any more.
The cleaning device can be manually controlled to supply metal part cleaning liquid and metal part antirust liquid to the outside again; the ultrasonic generator and the air exhaust fan at the air outlet of the high-temperature drying part can work again, and the motor for driving the chain wheel can work so as to ensure that the conveyor belt runs again. Therefore, unnecessary metal part antirust liquid and metal part cleaning liquid can be prevented from being used in the part cleaning process, and electric energy is saved.
The above embodiments are preferred examples of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A metal part cleaning apparatus, comprising:
a housing, both ends of which are respectively provided with an opening;
the conveying part comprises a rack, a chain wheel, a guide rail passing through the two openings and a conveying belt;
a cleaning liquid spraying part, an ultrasonic cleaning part, an antirust liquid spraying part and a high-temperature drying part which are communicated are sequentially arranged in the shell according to the cleaning sequence of the metal parts,
wherein, the two ends of the frame are provided with supporting feet for supporting the frame, the chain wheel is movably connected with the two ends of the frame, guide rails which are parallel to each other and are arranged horizontally are arranged between the two ends of the frame, the conveyor belt arranged on the guide rails bypasses the chain wheel to be connected end to end, an external motor drives the chain wheel to drive the conveyor belt to sequentially pass through the cleaning solution spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the antirust solution spraying part and the high-temperature drying part,
the cleaning liquid spraying part comprises a plurality of cleaning liquid spraying units which are respectively arranged above and below the conveyor belt, the cleaning liquid spraying units comprise a cleaning liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of cleaning liquid spray heads communicated with the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, the cleaning liquid conveying pipes are all parallel to the conveyor belt and are arranged perpendicular to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt,
the cleaning liquid spraying units positioned above the conveyor belt are all adjacently arranged, the cleaning liquid spraying units positioned below the conveyor belt are all adjacently arranged, the cleaning liquid spray heads are all vertically arranged towards the conveyor belt,
the cleaning infusion tube is a metal straight tube, the cleaning infusion tube is arranged in the shell and is communicated with an external cleaning solution storage device, the cleaning solution for metal parts is injected into each cleaning solution spray head through the cleaning infusion tube,
the cleaning liquid spray heads are uniformly distributed on the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, the cleaning liquid spray heads are cylindrical in shape, through grooves are arranged on the end faces of the cleaning liquid spray heads, the through grooves of the cleaning liquid spray heads are all parallel to the axis of the cleaning liquid conveying pipe,
the ultrasonic cleaning part comprises an ultrasonic cleaning tank and an ultrasonic generator;
the ultrasonic cleaning tank is filled with metal part cleaning solution,
the ultrasonic generator is arranged below the ultrasonic cleaning tank and is contacted with the clapboard at the bottom of the ultrasonic cleaning tank, the wavelength of the ultrasonic is 0.0085-0.012 meter,
when the conveyor belt passes through the ultrasonic cleaning part, the conveyor belt carries metal parts to pass through the ultrasonic cleaning tank,
the antirust liquid spraying part comprises a plurality of antirust liquid spraying units which are respectively arranged above and below the conveyor belt, the antirust liquid spraying unit comprises an antirust liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of antirust liquid spray heads communicated with the antirust liquid conveying pipe, the antirust liquid conveying pipes are parallel to the conveyor belt and are perpendicular to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt,
the plurality of antirust liquid spraying units positioned above the conveyor belt are all adjacently arranged, the plurality of antirust liquid spraying units positioned below the conveyor belt are all adjacently arranged, the antirust liquid spray heads are all vertically arranged towards the conveyor belt,
the antirust infusion tube is a metal straight tube, the antirust infusion tube is arranged in the shell and is communicated with an external antirust liquid storage device, antirust liquid of metal parts is injected into each antirust liquid spray head through the antirust infusion tube,
the plurality of antirust liquid spray heads are uniformly distributed on the antirust infusion tube, the antirust liquid spray heads are cylindrical in shape, through grooves are arranged on the end surfaces of the antirust liquid spray heads, the through grooves of the plurality of antirust liquid spray heads are all parallel to the axis of the antirust infusion tube,
the high-temperature drying part is provided with a gas inlet for introducing high-temperature gas from the outside and a gas outlet for discharging the high-temperature gas to the outside,
the gas inlet and the gas outlet are arranged on the inner wall of the shell, high-temperature gas is introduced through the gas inlet, discharged from the gas outlet, subjected to oil-gas separation from the outside and then enters the high-temperature drying part through the gas inlet again to realize recycling.
2. The metal part cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
the through grooves of the cleaning liquid spray head and the antirust liquid spray head end face are all arranged on the diameter.
3. The metal part cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
wherein, the pressure intensity of the metal part cleaning liquid and the pressure intensity of the metal part antirust liquid are both 0.5-0.8 MPa.
4. The metal part cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
wherein, be located the guide rail of ultrasonic cleaning portion to ultrasonic cleaning tank indent.
5. The metal part cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
wherein the temperature of the ultrasonic metal part cleaning liquid is 50-80 ℃.
6. The metal part cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
and the two openings of the shell are isolated from the outside by barrier strips, and the antirust liquid spraying part and the high-temperature drying part are isolated from each other by the barrier strips.
7. The metal part cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
wherein the running speed of the conveyor belt is 0.008-0.02 m/s.
CN201821983997.7U 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 Metal part cleaning device Active CN209810746U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111195619A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-05-26 江苏大学 Automatic batch cleaning system and method for black paint adhesion layer on surface of workpiece after laser shock welding
CN111621835A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-04 重庆方正高密电子有限公司 Electroplating device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111195619A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-05-26 江苏大学 Automatic batch cleaning system and method for black paint adhesion layer on surface of workpiece after laser shock welding
CN111621835A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-04 重庆方正高密电子有限公司 Electroplating device

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