CN209772858U - cleaning system for groove-shaped thin plate nut - Google Patents

cleaning system for groove-shaped thin plate nut Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209772858U
CN209772858U CN201821983371.6U CN201821983371U CN209772858U CN 209772858 U CN209772858 U CN 209772858U CN 201821983371 U CN201821983371 U CN 201821983371U CN 209772858 U CN209772858 U CN 209772858U
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China
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antirust
cleaning
conveyor belt
liquid
antirust liquid
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CN201821983371.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱海平
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Shanghai Yongtai Automobile Parts Co Ltd
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Shanghai Yongtai Automobile Parts Co Ltd
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Abstract

according to the utility model relates to a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut, including shell, conveying portion, the washing liquid spraying portion, supersound washing portion, first antirust liquid spraying portion, first high temperature drying portion, the antirust liquid spraying portion of second, second high temperature drying portion, rust-resistant spraying portion and the dry portion of blowing that set gradually according to cell type sheet metal nut washing order. Because the groove-shaped thin plate nuts which are reversely arranged on the conveyor belt pass through each part in sequence. Due to the special arrangement of the cleaning liquid spray head and the antirust liquid spray head, the cleaning liquid and the antirust liquid in two directions are sprayed in the groove-shaped structure of the groove-shaped thin plate nut. Therefore, the utility model discloses a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut not only to having the thorough washing of ability of general surface part, also very strong to the cell type sheet metal nut cleaning performance who has cell type structure surface moreover, has improved the efficiency that washs and oils, has also practiced thrift the use that is cleaner, antirust oil simultaneously.

Description

cleaning system for groove-shaped thin plate nut
Technical Field
the utility model belongs to the field of machinery, concretely relates to a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut.
background
the channel sheet nut is used for fastening an automobile body and a rear suspension, and is formed through cold heading, tapping and other processes, and machining chips or remnants may be generated during machining, which affect the final quality of a product and thus need to be removed.
In the prior art, the cleaning and deoiling mode of the grooved thin plate nut processed by the cold header is usually to manually add parts into a centrifuge for deoiling, and the centrifuge throws out oil for deoiling through high-speed rotation of a centrifuge cylinder. Some plants use a conveyor belt for conveying, and primary deoiling is performed in the conveying process. Then the parts are washed by the high-speed cleaning agent, and the purpose of removing the scraps and the remnants is achieved. The technology has a certain effect on cleaning parts with common surfaces, but has limited cleaning capability on the groove-shaped thin plate nut with the groove-shaped structure surface, and cannot well clean particles in a complex fine structure.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a cleaning system for a groove-type sheet nut, having the following features, including: a housing, both ends of which are respectively provided with an opening; the conveying part comprises a frame, a chain wheel, a guide rail passing through two openings and a conveying belt; the cleaning solution spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the first antirust solution spraying part, the first high-temperature drying part, the second antirust solution spraying part, the second high-temperature drying part, the antirust spraying part and the drying part are sequentially arranged in the shell according to the cleaning sequence of the slotted thin plate nut, wherein supporting feet for supporting the rack are arranged at two ends of the rack, chain wheels are movably connected at two ends of the rack, guide rails which are parallel to each other and horizontally arranged are arranged between two ends of the rack, a conveying belt arranged on the guide rails bypasses the chain wheels to be connected end to end, an external motor drives the chain wheels to drive the conveying belt to sequentially pass through the cleaning solution spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the first antirust solution spraying part, the first high-temperature drying part, the second antirust solution spraying part, the second high-temperature drying part, the antirust spraying part and the drying part, the cleaning solution spraying part comprises a plurality of cleaning solution spraying units, the plurality of cleaning solution spraying units are, the cleaning solution spraying unit comprises a cleaning liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of cleaning solution spray heads communicated with the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, the cleaning liquid conveying pipe is parallel to the conveying belt and is arranged in the direction of travel of the conveying belt, the cleaning solution spray heads positioned above the conveying belt are all vertically arranged towards the conveying belt, the included angle between the cleaning solution spray heads positioned below the conveying belt and a horizontal line is an acute angle, the included angles between the cleaning solution spray heads of two adjacent cleaning solution spraying units and the horizontal line are the same and opposite in direction, the cleaning liquid conveying pipe is a metal straight pipe, the cleaning liquid conveying pipe is arranged in the shell and is communicated with an external cleaning solution storage device, metal part cleaning solution is injected into each cleaning solution spray head through the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, the cleaning solution spray heads are uniformly distributed on the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, the cleaning solution, the through grooves of the cleaning liquid spray heads are all parallel to the axis of the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, and the ultrasonic cleaning part comprises an ultrasonic cleaning tank and an ultrasonic generator; the ultrasonic cleaning tank is filled with metal part cleaning liquid, the ultrasonic generator is arranged below the ultrasonic cleaning tank and is contacted with a partition board at the bottom of the ultrasonic cleaning tank, the ultrasonic wavelength is 0.0085-0.012 meter, when a conveyor belt passes through the ultrasonic cleaning part, a conveyor belt bearing groove type thin plate nut passes through the metal part cleaning liquid in the ultrasonic cleaning tank, the first antirust liquid spraying part comprises a plurality of first antirust liquid spraying units which are respectively arranged above and below the conveyor belt, the first antirust liquid spraying unit comprises a first antirust liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of first antirust liquid spray heads communicated with the first antirust liquid conveying pipe, the first antirust liquid conveying pipes are all parallel to the conveyor belt and are arranged in parallel in a direction perpendicular to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt, and the first antirust liquid spray heads positioned above the conveyor belt are all arranged towards the conveyor belt vertically, the included angle between a first antirust liquid sprayer positioned below the conveyor belt and a horizontal line is an acute angle, the included angles between the first antirust liquid sprayers of two adjacent first antirust liquid spraying units and the horizontal line are the same and opposite, the first antirust liquid conveying pipe is a metal straight pipe, the first antirust liquid conveying pipe is arranged inside the shell and communicated with an external antirust liquid storage device, antirust liquid of metal parts is injected into each first antirust liquid sprayer through the first antirust liquid conveying pipe, the first antirust liquid sprayers are uniformly distributed on the first antirust liquid conveying pipe, the first antirust liquid sprayers are cylindrical in appearance, through grooves are formed in the end face of each first antirust liquid sprayer, the through grooves of the first antirust liquid sprayers of the same first antirust liquid sprayer unit are all parallel to a first antirust axis communicated with the first antirust liquid sprayers, and the first high-temperature drying part is provided with a first gas inlet through which high-temperature gas is introduced from the outside, A first gas outlet for discharging high-temperature gas to the outside, wherein the first gas inlet and the first gas outlet are arranged on the shell, the high-temperature gas is introduced through the first gas inlet, the first gas outlet is discharged, the outside is subjected to oil-gas separation and then enters the first high-temperature drying part through the first gas inlet again to realize recycling, the second antirust liquid spraying part comprises a plurality of second antirust liquid spraying units, the plurality of second antirust liquid spraying units are respectively arranged above and below the conveyor belt, the second antirust liquid spraying unit comprises a second antirust liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of second antirust liquid spray heads communicated with the second antirust liquid conveying pipe, the plurality of second antirust liquid conveying pipes are parallel to the conveyor belt and are perpendicular to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt, the plurality of second antirust liquid spray heads above the conveyor belt are perpendicularly arranged towards the conveyor belt, and the included angle between the second antirust liquid spray heads below the conveyor belt and the horizontal line is an acute angle, the included angles between the second antirust liquid spray heads of two adjacent second antirust liquid spray units and a horizontal line are the same and the directions are opposite, the second antirust liquid conveying pipe is a metal straight pipe, the second antirust liquid conveying pipe is arranged in the shell and is communicated with an external antirust liquid storage device, antirust liquid of metal parts is injected into each second antirust liquid spray head through the second antirust liquid conveying pipe, a plurality of second antirust liquid spray heads are uniformly distributed on the second antirust liquid conveying pipe, the second antirust liquid spray heads are cylindrical in shape, a through groove is formed in the end face of each second antirust liquid spray head, the through grooves of the second antirust liquid spray heads of the same second antirust liquid spray head unit are all parallel to the axis of the second antirust liquid conveying pipe communicated with the second antirust liquid spray heads, and a second high-temperature drying part is provided with a second gas inlet for introducing high-temperature gas from the outside and a second gas outlet for discharging high-temperature gas to the outside, a second gas inlet and a second gas outlet are arranged on the shell, high-temperature gas is introduced through the second gas inlet, the second gas outlet is discharged, oil-gas separation is carried out on the outside, the high-temperature gas enters the second high-temperature drying part through the second gas inlet again to realize recycling, the antirust liquid spraying part comprises 3 antirust spraying units, 1 antirust spraying unit is arranged above the conveyor belt, 2 antirust spraying units are arranged below the conveyor belt, each antirust spraying unit comprises an oil conveying pipe and a plurality of antirust spray heads communicated with the oil conveying pipe, the oil conveying pipes are all arranged in parallel to the conveyor belt and perpendicular to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt, the plurality of antirust spray heads above the conveyor belt are all arranged perpendicularly towards the conveyor belt, the included angle between the antirust spray heads below the conveyor belt and the horizontal line is an acute angle, the antirust spray heads of two adjacent antirust spraying units are the same as the included angle between the antirust spray heads and the horizontal line and are opposite in orientation, defeated oil pipe is the metal straight tube, defeated oil pipe sets up inside and communicate with outside rust-resistant oil storage device in the shell, rust-resistant oil pours into rust-resistant shower nozzle into through defeated oil pipe, a plurality of rust-resistant shower nozzle evenly distributed are on defeated oil pipe, rust-resistant shower nozzle appearance is cylindric, rust-resistant shower nozzle surface is provided with the different orifice of two protruding nozzles and a plurality of diameters, respectively be provided with a top orifice on every protruding nozzle, the rust-resistant shower nozzle orientation of same rust-resistant spraying unit is all unanimous, be long banding the setting of fan that weathers in the top of conveyer belt and with conveyer belt parallel arrangement each other, the length direction perpendicular to conveyer belt advancing direction setting of the fan that weathers that the surface has the rectangle air.
The utility model provides an in a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut, can also have such characteristic: wherein, the logical groove of washing liquid shower nozzle, first antirust liquid shower nozzle and second antirust liquid shower nozzle terminal surface all sets up on the diameter.
The utility model provides an in a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut, can also have such characteristic: wherein the metal part cleaning solution is a cleaning solution prepared by mixing a cleaning agent and water according to a ratio of 1:2.5-1:3, and the metal part antirust solution is an antirust solution prepared by mixing antirust oil and water according to a ratio of 1:2.5-1: 3.
The utility model provides an in a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut, can also have such characteristic: wherein, the acute angles formed by the two raised nozzles on the surface of the antirust spray head and the surface of the antirust spray head are both 80 degrees.
the utility model provides an in a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut, can also have such characteristic: wherein, two openings part of shell all keep apart with the outside with the blend stop, and the crossing department of first antirust liquid spraying portion, first high temperature drying portion, second antirust liquid spraying portion, second high temperature drying portion, rust-resistant spraying portion, the dry part of blowing all keeps apart with the blend stop.
The utility model provides an in a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut, can also have such characteristic: wherein the width-length ratio of the air outlet is less than 1: 35.
The utility model provides an in a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut, can also have such characteristic: wherein the pressure of the metal part cleaning liquid, the metal part antirust liquid and the antirust oil is 0.6-0.8MPa, and the temperature of the metal part cleaning liquid, the metal part antirust liquid and the antirust oil is 50-60 ℃.
The utility model provides an in a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut, can also have such characteristic: wherein, the guide rail that is located ultrasonic cleaning portion is to ultrasonic cleaning tank indent.
The utility model provides an in a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut, can also have such characteristic: wherein the running speed of the mesh belt conveyor belt is 0.008-0.02 m/s. Action and effect of the utility model
According to the utility model relates to a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut, including shell, conveying portion, the washing liquid spraying portion, supersound washing portion, first antirust liquid spraying portion, first high temperature drying portion, the antirust liquid spraying portion of second, second high temperature drying portion, rust-resistant spraying portion and the dry portion of blowing that set gradually according to cell type sheet metal nut washing order. The groove-shaped thin plate nuts which are reversely arranged on the conveyor belt sequentially pass through the cleaning liquid spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the first and second antirust liquid spraying parts and the first and second high-temperature drying parts. A belt cleaning device for cell type sheet metal nut carries out metal parts washing liquid washing, supersound deep cleaning, twice metal parts antirust liquid sprays protection and twice high temperature gas stoving to the part in proper order, because the washing liquid shower nozzle, the special setting of antirust liquid shower nozzle, receives the metal parts washing liquid that two directions sprayed and the metal parts antirust liquid sprays in the cell type structure of cell type sheet metal nut. Therefore, the utility model discloses a cleaning system for cell type sheet metal nut not only to having the thorough washing of ability of general surface part, also very strong to the cell type sheet metal nut cleaning capability who has cell type structure surface, particle among the complicated microstructure of washing that can be fine, and need not transport the part between the process, improved the efficiency that washs and oils, also practiced thrift simultaneously and be cleaner, antirust oil's use.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a cleaning system for a groove-type thin plate nut according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a partial perspective view of a cleaning system for a slotted sheet nut according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a cleaning system for a grooved sheet nut according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a cleaning solution nozzle of a cleaning system for a grooved sheet nut according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the surface of a rust-proof nozzle of a cleaning system for a slotted sheet nut according to a first embodiment of the present invention; and
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of a blow-drying blower of the cleaning system for the slotted sheet nut according to the first embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, creation features, achievement purpose and efficacy of the present invention easy to understand, the following embodiments are specifically illustrated in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
< example one >
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the cleaning system 100 for the slotted laminated nut includes: the ultrasonic cleaning device comprises a shell, a conveying part 10, a cleaning liquid spraying part 20, an ultrasonic cleaning part 30, a first antirust liquid spraying part 40, a first high-temperature drying part 50, a second antirust liquid spraying part 60, a second high-temperature drying part 70, an antirust spraying part 80, a blowing part 90 and control parts respectively connected with the above parts, wherein the control parts are used for controlling the operation of the connected parts.
The shell is cuboid box shape, and the both ends side of this shell respectively sets up the same opening of shape size.
the conveying section 10 includes a frame, a sprocket 11, a guide rail 12, a conveyor belt 13, and a guide plate 14.
the cleaning solution spraying part 20, the ultrasonic cleaning part 30, the first antirust liquid spraying part 40, the first high-temperature drying part 50, the second antirust liquid spraying part 60, the second high-temperature drying part 70, the antirust spraying part 80 and the drying part 90 which are communicated with each other are sequentially arranged in the shell according to the cleaning sequence of the groove-shaped thin plate nuts.
The frame is a cuboid rigid frame body structure, and the frame is horizontally supported by supporting legs arranged at two ends of the length direction of the frame. The two chain wheels 11 are respectively movably connected at two ends of the length direction of the frame and are driven by an external motor to synchronously rotate in the same direction. Two guide rails 12 which are parallel to the long edge of the frame and are horizontally arranged are arranged between the two ends of the length direction of the frame, and the two guide rails 12 penetrate through the whole shell through two openings of the shell. Two sides of the conveyor belt 13 are arranged above the guide rail, and the conveyor belt respectively bypasses the two chain wheels 11 and is connected end to end. The chain wheel 11 drives the closed conveyor belt 13 to perform directional movement between the two chain wheels 11, the traveling direction is D, namely the conveyor belt 13 passes through the inside of the shell and is used for conveying the groove type thin plate nuts to pass through each part in sequence, and the traveling speed is 0.008-0.02 m/s. In the present embodiment, the traveling speed is preferably 0.015 m/s. The conveyor belt 13 is preferably a mesh conveyor belt made of stainless steel wires. The guide plate 14 is positioned outside the two openings of the shell and is provided with a groove, and two sides of the conveyor belt 13 are embedded in the groove of the guide plate 14 to ensure that the conveyor belt 13 is not deviated.
The cleaning system for the groove-type sheet nut is directed to the cleaned groove-type sheet nut as shown in fig. 3, and the groove-type sheet nut N has a groove structure G and a threaded hole H. The channel sheet nuts N are placed upside down in the manner shown in the drawing to start conveying at the starting point of travel of the conveyor belt 13.
The cleaning solution spraying part 20 is used for spraying a cleaning solution for the metal parts on the groove-shaped thin plate nut N, and comprises a first barrier strip 21 and a plurality of cleaning solution spraying units 22.
The cleaning liquid spraying part 20 is provided with a first baffle 21 at the opening of the shell for isolating from the external environment. In this embodiment, the material of the first barrier strip 21 is preferably plastic.
The cleaning liquid spray unit 20 includes a plurality of cleaning liquid spray units 22, the plurality of cleaning liquid spray units 22 are respectively disposed above and below the conveyor belt 13, and the cleaning liquid spray unit 22 includes a cleaning liquid pipe and a plurality of cleaning liquid nozzles 221 communicating with the cleaning liquid pipe. The plurality of cleaning infusion tubes are all arranged in parallel with the conveyor belt 13 and perpendicular to the advancing direction D of the conveyor belt 13.
the plurality of cleaning liquid spray units 22 located above the conveyor belt 13 are disposed adjacent to each other, and the plurality of cleaning liquid spray units 22 located below the conveyor belt 13 are disposed adjacent to each other. The cleaning infusion tube is a metal straight tube, the cleaning infusion tube is arranged inside the shell and is communicated with an external metal part cleaning solution storage device, the metal part cleaning solution is injected into each cleaning solution spray head 221 through the cleaning infusion tube, and the cleaning infusion tubes are all parallel to the conveying belt 13 and perpendicular to the advancing direction D of the conveying belt 13. The cleaning liquid spray heads 221 of the same cleaning liquid spray unit 22 are arranged in the same nozzle direction.
The cleaning solution nozzles 221 are uniformly distributed on the cleaning infusion tube, and as shown in fig. 4, the cleaning solution nozzles 221 have a cylindrical shape, and include a connection end 2211, a spray end 2212, and an infusion tube 2214. The circumferential surface of the connection end 2211 is provided with a screw structure through which the cleaning solution nozzle 221 is screw-connected to the cleaning infusion tube. A through groove 2213 is formed in the diameter of the end face of the spraying end 2212, the shape of the through groove 2213 is a long strip with a V-shaped cross section, a plurality of spray holes are formed in the through groove, two ends of a liquid conveying pipeline 2214 are respectively communicated with the plurality of spray holes and the end face of the connecting end 2211, and cleaning liquid for external metal parts is sprayed to the outside from the spray holes through the liquid conveying pipeline 2214. Due to the structure of the cleaning solution spray head 221, the spray area of the cleaning solution spray head 221 is water curtain-shaped. The through groove 2213 of the cleaning liquid spray heads 221 is parallel to the axis of the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, the cleaning liquid spray heads 221 above the conveying belt are all vertically arranged towards the conveying belt 13, the cleaning liquid spray heads 221 below the conveying belt 13 are all arranged towards the conveying belt 13, included angles between the cleaning liquid spray heads 221 below the conveying belt 13 and a horizontal line are acute angles, and included angles between the cleaning liquid spray heads 221 of two adjacent cleaning liquid spray units 22 and the horizontal line are the same and opposite in orientation.
In the present embodiment, there are 9 cleaning solution spraying units 22, of which 3 are located above the conveyor belt 13 and the other 6 are located below the conveyor belt 13, each cleaning solution spraying unit 22 includes 12 cleaning solution nozzles 221, 9 cleaning solution delivery pipes are all parallel to the conveyor belt 13 in the cleaning solution spraying portion 20, and 3 cleaning solution spraying units located above the conveyor belt 13
1022 each cleaning liquid spray head 221 is disposed vertically toward the conveyor belt 13. In 6 cleaning liquid spraying units 22 positioned below the conveyor belt 13, the cleaning liquid spray heads 221 of two adjacent cleaning liquid spraying units 22 face opposite directions and form equal acute angles with the horizontal line, the distance between the nozzles of the cleaning liquid spray heads 221 positioned above the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 10-15cm, the distance between the nozzles of the cleaning liquid spray heads 221 positioned below the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 5-10cm, and the cleaning liquid for the metal parts is supplied to the cleaning liquid spray heads 221 by an external metal part cleaning liquid pipe so as to simultaneously spray the antirust liquid for the metal parts to the groove-shaped thin plate nuts N from two inclined directions above and below the conveyor belt 13. The nozzle of the cleaning liquid spray head 221 positioned above the conveyor belt 13 is 15cm away from the conveyor belt 13, the nozzle of the cleaning liquid spray head 221 positioned below the conveyor belt 13 is 8cm away from the conveyor belt 13, and the metal part cleaning liquid is a cleaning solution prepared by mixing a cleaning agent and water according to a ratio of 1: 3.
When the conveyor belt 13 carries the inverted groove-shaped sheet nut N to pass through the cleaning solution spraying part 20, the metal part cleaning solution is sprayed simultaneously from two oblique directions below the conveyor belt 13, so that the groove structure G of the groove-shaped sheet nut N and the interior of the threaded hole H can be sufficiently sprayed with the metal part cleaning solution.
in order to make the effect of spraying the groove-type thin plate nut N with the metal part cleaning solution better, the metal part cleaning solution sprayed from the cleaning nozzle 221 is preheated according to the field requirement and pressurized by the externally connected pressurizing pump. Preheating the metal part cleaning solution to 50-60 ℃. In this example, the metal part cleaning liquid was preheated to 55 degrees, and pressurized to 0.6MPa by the pressurizing pump.
The ultrasonic cleaning part 30 is used for deeply cleaning the surface of the grooved thin plate nut N by ultrasonically vibrating the metal part cleaning solution, and includes a partition plate 31, an ultrasonic cleaning tank 32, an ultrasonic generator 33, and a guide projection 34.
In the ultrasonic cleaning unit 30, 4 partition plates 31 are provided.
An ultrasonic cleaning slot is formed in the ultrasonic cleaning part 30 by 3 isolation plates 31 spliced with the inner surface of the shell, wherein 2 isolation plates 31 isolate the ultrasonic cleaning slot from the rest part of the cleaning system, and the other 1 isolation plate 31 is used as a bottom plate of the ultrasonic cleaning slot. The ultrasonic generator 33 and the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32 are arranged in the ultrasonic cleaning tank, the ultrasonic generator 33 and the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32 are separated by 1 isolating plate 31, and the ultrasonic generator 33 is arranged below the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32 and is contacted with the isolating plate 31 between the ultrasonic generator 33 and the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32. The ultrasonic generator 33 deeply cleans the groove-shaped thin plate nut N by vibrating the metal part cleaning solution in the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32 at high frequency.
The guide rail 12 located in the ultrasonic cleaning portion 30 is recessed toward the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32, specifically, the guide rail 12 is inclined oppositely at the same included angle with the horizontal plane at two ends of the ultrasonic cleaning portion 30 and goes deep into the metal part cleaning liquid of the ultrasonic cleaning tank 32, and then is connected into a whole through a horizontal section of the guide rail 12, and the horizontal section of the guide rail is called as the horizontal section in the groove of the guide rail 12. The corresponding positions of the inner wall surfaces of two sides of the shell in the ultrasonic cleaning part 30 are respectively provided with a round-corner cuboid guide lug 34, the two guide lugs 34 are positioned below the liquid level of the metal part cleaning liquid in the ultrasonic cleaning groove 32, the long edge of each guide lug 34 is arranged in parallel with the horizontal section in the groove of the guide rail 12, and the conveyor belt 13 running above the guide rail 12 enters the space between the horizontal section in the groove of the guide rail 12 and the long edge of each guide lug 34 through the guide rail 12. The design is that when the conveyor belt 13 passes through the ultrasonic cleaning part 30, the conveyor belt 13 passes the bearing groove type thin plate nut N from the metal part cleaning liquid in the ultrasonic groove.
In order to ensure that the effect of cleaning the groove-shaped thin plate nut N by the metal part cleaning solution is better, the metal part cleaning solution is preheated according to the field requirement. Preheating the metal part cleaning solution to 50-60 ℃. The wavelength of the ultrasonic wave emitted by the ultrasonic generator 33 is 0.0085-0.01 m. In this embodiment, the metal part cleaning liquid is preheated to 55 degrees. The ultrasonic wave generated by the ultrasonic generator 33 has a wavelength of 0.0085 m.
the first antirust liquid spraying part 40 is used for spraying antirust liquid for metal parts on the groove-shaped sheet nut N, and comprises a plurality of first antirust liquid spraying units 41.
The first antirust liquid spraying unit 41 includes a first antirust liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of first antirust liquid spray heads 411 communicated with the first antirust liquid conveying pipe.
In the first antirust liquid spraying portion 40, a plurality of first antirust liquid spraying units 41 are respectively disposed above and below the conveyor belt 13, the plurality of first antirust liquid spraying units 41 above the conveyor belt 13 are disposed adjacent to each other, and the plurality of first antirust liquid spraying units 41 below the conveyor belt 13 are disposed adjacent to each other. The first antirust liquid spray heads 411 of the same first antirust liquid spray unit 41 are arranged in the same nozzle direction.
First rust-resistant transfer line is the metal straight tube, and first rust-resistant transfer line setting is inside and communicate with outside rust-resistant liquid storage device in the shell, and every rust-resistant liquid shower nozzle 411 is injected into through first rust-resistant transfer line to the metal parts rust-resistant liquid, and a plurality of first rust-resistant transfer lines all are on a parallel with conveyer belt 13 and the setting of the direction of travel D of perpendicular to conveyer belt 13.
The plurality of first rust preventive liquid nozzles 411 are uniformly distributed on the first rust preventive infusion tube, and have the same outer configuration as the cleaning liquid nozzle 221. Due to the structure of the first antirust liquid spray head 411, the spraying area of the first antirust liquid spray head is in a water curtain shape. The through groove of the first antirust liquid sprayer 411 is parallel to the axis of the first antirust liquid conveying pipe, the plurality of first antirust liquid sprayers 411 positioned above the conveying belt are vertically arranged towards the conveying belt 13, the plurality of first antirust liquid sprayers 411 positioned below the conveying belt 13 are arranged towards the conveying belt 13, and the included angles of the plurality of first antirust liquid sprayers 411 positioned below the conveying belt 13 and the horizontal line are acute angles and the included angles of the two first antirust liquid sprayers 411 of the two adjacent first antirust liquid spraying units 41 are the same as the included angle of the horizontal line and are opposite in orientation.
In this embodiment, the number of the first antirust liquid spraying units 41 is 9, 3 of the first antirust liquid spraying units are located above the conveyor belt 13, the other 6 of the first antirust liquid spraying units are located below the conveyor belt 13, each first antirust liquid spraying unit 22 includes 12 first antirust liquid nozzles 411, 9 first antirust liquid conveying pipes are all parallel to the conveyor belt 13 located in the first antirust liquid spraying part 40, and each first antirust liquid nozzle 411 of the 3 first antirust liquid spraying units 41 located above the conveyor belt 13 is vertically arranged toward the conveyor belt 13. In 6 of the first antirust liquid spray heads 411 positioned below the conveyor belt 13, the first antirust liquid spray heads 411 of two adjacent first antirust liquid spray units 41 face opposite directions and form equal acute angles with the horizontal line, the distance between the nozzles of the first antirust liquid spray heads 411 positioned above the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 10-15cm, the distance between the nozzles of the first antirust liquid spray heads 411 positioned below the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 5-10cm, the antirust liquid of the external metal parts is supplied to the first antirust liquid spray heads 411 through a first antirust liquid conveying pipe, for spraying the rust preventive liquid for metal parts simultaneously onto the grooved thin plate nut N from both the upper vertical direction and the lower oblique direction of the conveyor belt 13, in the present embodiment, each of the first rust preventive liquid spray heads 411 of the 6 first rust preventive liquid spray units 41 located below the conveyor belt 13 forms an acute angle of 45 ° with the conveyor belt 13 in the traveling direction D of the conveyor belt 13. The distance between the nozzle of the first antirust liquid spray nozzle 411 positioned above the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 15cm, the distance between the nozzle of the first antirust liquid spray nozzle 411 positioned below the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 8cm, and the first antirust liquid is prepared by blending antirust oil and water according to the ratio of 1: 3.
when the conveyor belt 13 carries the inverted groove-shaped sheet nut N to pass through the first antirust liquid spraying part 40, the antirust liquid for the metal parts is sprayed simultaneously from two oblique directions below the conveyor belt 13, so that the interior of the groove structure G and the threaded hole H of the groove-shaped sheet nut N can be sufficiently sprayed with the antirust liquid for the metal parts.
in order to make the effect of spraying the slot type sheet nut N with the antirust liquid for the metal parts better, the antirust liquid for the metal parts sprayed by the first antirust liquid spray head 411 is preheated according to the on-site requirement and pressurized by the externally connected pressure pump. Preheating the antirust liquid of the metal parts to 50-60 ℃. In this example, the mixture was preheated to 55 ℃ and pressurized by a pressurizing pump to 0.6 MPa.
The first high-temperature drying unit 50 is used for drying the surface of the slot-type sheet nut N by high-temperature gas, and has a first gas inlet 51, a first gas outlet 52, and a second stopper 53.
The inner wall of the shell at the first high-temperature drying part 50 is provided with a first gas inlet 51 and a first gas outlet 52, an external pressure pump (not marked in the drawing) continuously introduces high-temperature gas into the first high-temperature drying part 50 through the first gas inlet 51, the high-temperature gas dries residual oil and moisture on the surface of the groove-shaped thin plate nut N, then the first gas outlet 52 discharges the high-temperature gas through an internally-arranged air exhaust fan (not marked in the drawing), the high-temperature gas enters an external oil-gas separator (not marked in the drawing), and the dried gas passing through the oil-gas separator enters the pressure pump. This achieves recycling of the gas in the first high-temperature drying section 50.
in this embodiment, in order to better dry the grooved thin plate nut N, the gas is pressurized by the pressure pump and heated to 50-60 ℃. In this embodiment, the gas is pressurized by a pressurizing pump and heated to 60 ℃.
a second barrier 53 is disposed between the first high-temperature drying part 50 and the first antirust liquid spraying part 40, so as to prevent the first antirust liquid spraying part 40 from affecting the temperature and humidity of the first high-temperature drying part 50. In this embodiment, the material of the second barrier 53 is preferably plastic.
the second antirust liquid spraying part 60 is used for spraying antirust liquid for metal parts on the groove-shaped thin plate nut N, and comprises a third barrier strip 61 and a plurality of second antirust liquid spraying units 62.
a third stop 61 is arranged between the second antirust liquid spraying part 60 and the first high-temperature drying part 50, so as to prevent the first high-temperature drying part 50 from influencing the temperature and humidity of the second antirust liquid spraying part 60. In this embodiment, the material of the second barrier 61 is preferably plastic.
the second antirust liquid spraying unit 62 includes a second antirust liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of second antirust liquid spray heads 621 communicating with the second antirust liquid conveying pipe.
in the second antirust liquid spraying portion 60, a plurality of second antirust liquid spraying units 62 are respectively provided above and below the conveyor belt 13, the plurality of second antirust liquid spraying units 62 above the conveyor belt 13 are adjacently provided, and the plurality of second antirust liquid spraying units 62 below the conveyor belt 13 are adjacently provided. The second antirust liquid nozzles 621 of the same second antirust liquid spray unit 62 are arranged in the same direction. The rust-resistant transfer line of second is the metal straight tube, and the rust-resistant transfer line of second sets up inside and communicate with outside rust-resistant liquid storage device in the shell, and every rust-resistant liquid shower nozzle 621 of second is injected into through the rust-resistant transfer line of second to the rust-resistant liquid of metal part, and a plurality of rust-resistant transfer lines of second all are on a parallel with conveyer belt 13 and perpendicular to conveyer belt 13's advancing direction D sets up.
The plurality of second rust preventive liquid nozzles 621 are uniformly distributed on the second rust preventive liquid delivery tube, and have the same outer shape as the cleaning liquid nozzle 221. Due to the structure of the second antirust liquid spray head 621, the spraying area of the second antirust liquid spray head 621 is in a water curtain shape. The through groove of the second antirust liquid sprayer 621 is parallel to the axis of the second antirust liquid conveying pipe, the plurality of second antirust liquid sprayers 621 positioned above the conveying belt 13 are vertically arranged towards the conveying belt 13, the plurality of second antirust liquid sprayers 621 positioned below the conveying belt 13 are arranged towards the conveying belt 13, and the plurality of second antirust liquid sprayers 621 positioned below the conveying belt 13 are at acute angles with the horizontal line, and the second antirust liquid sprayers 621 of the two adjacent second antirust liquid spraying units 62 are identical to the horizontal line and are opposite in orientation.
In this embodiment, the number of the second antirust liquid spraying units 62 is 9, wherein 3 of the second antirust liquid spraying units are located above the conveyor belt 13, the other 6 of the second antirust liquid spraying units are located below the conveyor belt 13, each second antirust liquid spraying unit 62 comprises 12 second antirust liquid nozzles 621, 9 second antirust liquid conveying pipes are all parallel to the conveyor belt 13 in the second antirust liquid spraying part 20, and each second antirust liquid nozzle 621 of the 3 second antirust liquid spraying units 62 located above the conveyor belt 13 is vertically arranged towards the conveyor belt 13. In 6 of the second antirust liquid spray units 22 positioned below the conveyor belt 13, the second antirust liquid spray heads 621 of two adjacent second antirust liquid spray units 22 face opposite directions and form equal acute angles with the horizontal line, the distance between the nozzles of the second antirust liquid spray heads 621 positioned above the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 10-15cm, the distance between the nozzles of the second antirust liquid spray heads 621 positioned below the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 5-10cm, the antirust liquid of external metal parts is supplied to the second antirust liquid spray heads 621 through a second antirust liquid conveying pipe, for spraying the rust preventive liquid for metal parts simultaneously onto the grooved thin plate nut N from both the upper vertical direction and the lower oblique direction of the conveyor belt 13, in this embodiment, the second antirust liquid spray heads 621 of the 6 second antirust liquid spray units 62 form an acute angle of 45 ° with the conveyor belt 13 along the traveling direction D of the conveyor belt 13. The distance between the nozzle of the second antirust liquid spray nozzle 621 positioned above the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 15cm, the distance between the nozzle of the second antirust liquid spray nozzle 621 positioned below the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 8cm, and the antirust liquid for the metal parts is antirust solution prepared by mixing antirust oil and water according to the ratio of 1: 3.
when the conveyor belt 13 carries the inverted groove-shaped sheet nut N to pass through the second antirust liquid spraying part 60, the antirust liquid for the metal parts is sprayed simultaneously from two oblique directions below the conveyor belt 13, so that the interior of the groove structure G and the threaded hole H of the groove-shaped sheet nut N can be sufficiently sprayed with the antirust liquid for the metal parts.
In order to make the effect of spraying the slot type sheet nut N with the antirust liquid for the metal parts better, the antirust liquid for the metal parts sprayed from the second antirust liquid spray head 621 is preheated according to the on-site requirement and pressurized by the externally connected pressure pump. Preheating the antirust liquid of the metal parts to 50-60 ℃. In this example, the mixture was preheated to 55 ℃ and pressurized by a pressurizing pump to 0.6 MPa.
The second high-temperature drying unit 70 is for drying the surface of the grooved sheet nut N again by high-temperature gas, and has a second gas inlet 71, a second gas outlet 72, and a fourth bar 73.
A second gas inlet 71 and a second gas outlet 72 are arranged on the inner wall of the housing at the second high-temperature drying part 70, an external drying pressure pump (not shown in the drawing) continuously introduces high-temperature gas into the second high-temperature drying part 70 through the second gas inlet 71, the high-temperature gas dries the residual oil and moisture on the surface of the grooved thin plate nut N, the second gas outlet 72 then discharges the high-temperature gas through an internal suction fan (not shown in the drawing), the high-temperature gas enters an external oil-gas separator (not shown in the drawing) through cooling, and the dried gas after passing through the oil-gas separator enters the drying pressure pump. This achieves recycling of the gas of the second high-temperature drying section 70.
in order to make the drying effect of the groove-shaped thin plate nut N better, the gas is pressurized by a pressurizing pump and heated to 50-60 ℃. In this embodiment, the gas is pressurized by a pressurizing pump and heated to 60 ℃.
A fourth baffle 73 is arranged between the second high-temperature drying part 70 and the second antirust liquid spraying part 60, and is used for preventing the second antirust liquid spraying part 60 from influencing the temperature and humidity of the second high-temperature drying part 70. In this embodiment, the material of the fourth bar 73 is preferably plastic.
The rust-preventive spraying portion 80 is used for spraying rust-preventive oil to the groove-type sheet nut N, and includes a fifth barrier strip 81 and a rust-preventive head unit 82.
A fifth barrier 81 is disposed between the rust-proof spraying portion 80 and the second high-temperature drying portion 70, so as to prevent the second high-temperature drying portion 70 from affecting the temperature and humidity of the rust-proof spraying portion 80. In this embodiment, the material of the fifth barrier 81 is preferably plastic.
The rust inhibitive spray head unit 82 includes a rust inhibitive spray head 821 having a cylindrical outer shape.
in rust-resistant spraying portion 80, be located the top and the below of conveyer belt 13 and be provided with a plurality of rust-resistant shower nozzle units 82 respectively, this rust-resistant shower nozzle unit 82 includes an defeated oil pipe and the rust-resistant shower nozzle 821 of being connected this defeated oil pipe, and defeated oil pipe is the metal straight tube, and defeated oil pipe sets up inside the shell and communicates with outside rust-resistant oil storage device.
The rust inhibitive spray head 821 of the same rust inhibitive spray head unit 82 is oriented in the same direction. The oil delivery pipe is parallel to the conveyor belt 13 and perpendicular to the advancing direction D of the conveyor belt 13, and the distance between the oil delivery pipe located below the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is equal. In the present embodiment, the rust inhibitive spray head units 82 are three in total, one being located above the conveyor belt 13 and two being located below the conveyor belt 13. Every rust-resistant shower nozzle unit 82 contains two rust-resistant shower nozzles 821, same rust-resistant shower nozzle 821 evenly distributed is on perpendicular to 13 advancing direction D's same oil pipeline, three oil pipeline all is parallel with conveyer belt 13, two oil pipeline and the conveyer belt 13 distance that are located the conveyer belt 13 below equal, the rust-resistant shower nozzle 821 of the rust-resistant shower nozzle unit 82 that is located the conveyer belt 13 top sets up towards conveyer belt 13 perpendicularly, the rust-resistant shower nozzle 821 that is located the conveyer belt 13 below all inclines towards conveyer belt 13 and sets up, the acute angle that two rust-resistant shower nozzle 821 axes of rust-resistant shower nozzle unit 82 that are located the conveyer belt 13 below and conveyer belt 13 formed is 45 degrees. The distance between the nozzle of the rust-proof spray head 821 above the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 10-15cm, the distance between the nozzle of the rust-proof spray head 821 below the conveyor belt 13 and the conveyor belt 13 is 5-10cm, and external rust-proof oil is injected into each rust-proof spray head 821 through an oil pipeline so as to spray the rust-proof oil to the groove-shaped thin plate nut N from the vertical direction above the conveyor belt 13 and the two inclined directions below the conveyor belt 13. In this embodiment, the nozzle of the rust preventive nozzle 821 located above the conveyor 13 is 15cm from the conveyor 13, the nozzle of the rust preventive nozzle 821 located below the conveyor 13 is 8cm from the conveyor 13,
When the conveyor belt 13 passes through the rust preventive spraying portion 80, the interior of the groove structure G and the threaded hole H of the groove type sheet nut N can be sufficiently sprayed by simultaneously spraying the rust preventive oil from two oblique directions below the conveyor belt 13.
The rust preventive nozzle 821 has a cylindrical shape, and as shown in fig. 5, the rust preventive nozzle 821 includes a first nozzle hole 8211, a second nozzle hole 8212, a third nozzle hole 8213, a protruding nozzle 8214, and a top nozzle hole 8215.
in order to improve the spraying effect of the rust preventive oil, the rust preventive nozzle 821 in this embodiment is designed as follows: the center of the end face of the rust-proof spray head 821 with the end face shaped in a round shape is provided with oneThe first spraying holes 8211, taking the first spraying holes 8211 as a symmetrical center, are arranged in a pairSecond nozzle 8212, a pairThe third nozzle holes 8213 and the pair of protruding nozzles 8214 are symmetrically distributed on two sides of the second nozzle holes 8211, that is, the center of the first nozzle hole 8211, the center of each second nozzle hole 8212, the center of the third nozzle hole 8213 and the protruding nozzles 8214 are located on one injection diameter. In the embodiment, the diameter of the first nozzle hole is 5.5mm, the diameter of the second nozzle hole is 1.2mm, and the diameter of the third nozzle hole is 1.0 mm.
The shape of the protruding nozzle 8214 is a truncated wedge shape, the big end is connected with the surface of the rust-proof spray head 821 into a whole, two opposite side faces of the protruding nozzle 8214 are respectively provided with a top spray hole 8215, the top spray holes 8215 are located at two thirds of the whole height of the protruding nozzle 8214 and are oppositely arranged, the projection of the axis of the top spray hole 8215 on the surface of the rust-proof spray head 821 is coincided with the spray hole straight line, the axes of the two top spray holes 8215 and the end face of the protruding nozzle form an equal acute angle, in the embodiment, the acute angle is 80 degrees, and the diameter of the top spray hole is 1.0 mm.
When spraying the anti-rust oil, the anti-rust oil sprayed by the anti-rust spray head 821 is designed to form an even spraying area, so that the anti-rust oil is sprayed more evenly, the spraying range is wider, and more groove-shaped sheet nuts N are sprayed.
external rust preventive oil is injected into each rust preventive nozzle 821 through an oil delivery pipe. In order to ensure that the effect of spraying the groove-shaped sheet nut N by the anti-rust oil is better, the external anti-rust oil is preheated according to the field requirement and is pressurized by a pressurizing pump connected externally. The rust preventive oil was preheated to 50 to 60 degrees, and in this example, the rust preventive oil was preheated to 55 degrees, and pressurized to 0.6MPa by a pressure pump.
The drying part 90 is used for drying the slot type sheet nut N passing through the rust-proof spraying part 80, and comprises a sixth barrier strip 91 and a drying fan 92.
Blow between cadre 90 and the rust-resistant spraying portion 80, the portion of drying 90 shell opening department all is provided with sixth blend stop 91 and separates to avoid rust-resistant spraying portion 80 and blow the different humidity environment of cadre 80 influence of each other and keep blowing cadre 90 and external environment's isolation. In this embodiment, the material of the second barrier strip 91 is preferably plastic.
the drying fan 92 shown in fig. 1 and 6 has an air outlet 921. The drying part 90 is provided with a drying fan 92, the drying fan 92 is strip-shaped and has a rhombic cross section, the drying fan 92 is arranged in the shell and is positioned above the transmission belt 13, the length direction of the drying fan 92 is perpendicular to the traveling direction D of the transmission belt 13, the drying fan 92 is parallel to the transmission belt 13, the surface of the drying fan 92 in the length direction protrudes towards the outside of the drying fan 92 to form an air outlet 921, the protruding air outlet is rectangular, the opening length of the air outlet 921 is equal to the length of the drying fan in the length direction, the opening of the air outlet 921 is rectangular with the width-to-length ratio smaller than 1:35 and faces the transmission belt 13, the opening of the air outlet 921 faces the traveling direction D of the transmission belt 13, in the embodiment, the air outlet 921 is 10-15cm away from the transmission belt 13 and forms an included. The blow-drying fan 92 introduces air flow pressurized to 0.6MPa from an external pressure pump, and blows air to the conveyor belt 13 through the air outlet 921 to blow-dry excessive moisture and oil on the surface of the groove-shaped sheet nut N sprayed with the anti-rust oil, and the width-to-length ratio of the opening of the air outlet 921 is smaller than 1:35, so that the blow-drying air pressure is enhanced, and the blow-drying efficiency is improved. In this embodiment, the air outlet 921 is 15cm from the conveyor belt 13 and has an angle of 170 degrees with the conveyor belt 13. The width of the opening of the air outlet 921 is 1: 40.
when the conveyor belt 13 passes through the drying part 90, the slot-shaped sheet nut N is dried by blowing air from the air outlet 921 of the drying fan 92 above the conveyor belt 13.
< example two >
The other structure of this embodiment is the same as the first embodiment, but different from the first embodiment in that the cleaning solution spraying unit 22 and the first antirust solution spraying unit 41 are both of a lifting structure, and the lifting structure is specifically configured to arrange threaded rods perpendicular to the conveyor belt 13 on the cleaning liquid conveying pipe of the cleaning solution spraying part 20 and the antirust liquid conveying pipe of the first antirust solution spraying part 40, and the threaded rod is arranged in the direction of the reverse conveying belt 13, the surface thread of the threaded rod is meshed with a nut movably connected to a motor, the motor is arranged on the shell and is electrically connected with the outside, the motor is started to drive the nut to rotate, the nut and the threaded rod form a nut-fixing screw rod nut system at the moment, the threaded rod is controlled to rotate forwards or backwards to pull and clean the infusion tube to realize the lifting of the cleaning liquid spraying unit 22, and the lifting of the antirust liquid spraying unit 41 is realized similarly.
The distances between the cleaning liquid spraying unit 22, the antirust liquid spraying unit 41 and the conveyor belt 13 are adjusted according to actual working requirements, so that the spraying pressure of the metal part cleaning liquid borne by the surface of the grooved thin plate nut N is different from the spraying pressure of the antirust liquid of the metal part, the spraying effects of the metal part cleaning liquid of the grooved thin plate nut N and the spraying effects of the antirust liquid of the metal part are different, and the cleaning device can realize more flexible parameter adjustment for the grooved thin plate nuts N under different conditions.
< example three >
The other structure of this embodiment is the same as the embodiment, and the different structure is that the cleaning solution nozzle 221 and the antirust liquid nozzle 411 are both rotatable structures, the specific structure of the rotatable structure is that each cleaning solution nozzle 221 and each antirust liquid nozzle 411 are respectively and correspondingly connected with the output shaft of a micro motor, the micro motor is arranged on the cleaning liquid conveying pipe and the first antirust liquid conveying pipe and is electrically connected with the outside, and the micro motor is started from the outside to enable each cleaning solution nozzle 221 or each antirust liquid nozzle 411 to rotate in a specific plane parallel to the conveyor belt 13.
The spraying area of the cleaning liquid spray head 221 or the antirust liquid spray head 411 can be adjusted by rotating the cleaning liquid spray head 221 or the antirust liquid spray head 411 according to actual working requirements, and therefore the cleaning device can achieve flexible parameter adjustment aiming at the groove-shaped thin plate nuts N under different conditions.
< example four >
The other structure of this embodiment is the same as the first embodiment, and the different structure is as follows: electromagnetic valves (not shown in the drawing) are arranged at the inlets for supplying the metal part cleaning liquid to the cleaning liquid spraying unit 22 and supplying the antirust oil to the antirust liquid spraying unit 41, and the electromagnetic valves, the ultrasonic generator 33, the air exhaust fan at the air outlet 52 of the high-temperature drying part 50 and the motor of the driving chain wheel 11 are all connected with the same control chip. And 3 proximity sensors connected with the electromagnetic valves are respectively arranged at the first barrier strip 21 and below the transmission belt 13 between the antirust liquid spraying part 40 and the high-temperature drying part 50, and the three proximity sensors at each position are uniformly distributed on a straight line which is perpendicular to the advancing direction D of the transmission belt 13 and is parallel to the transmission belt 13.
when no part passes through the proximity sensor near the first barrier strip 21 within the preset time, the proximity sensor transmits no signal to the control chip connected with the electromagnetic valve within the time, at the moment, the control chip controls the electromagnetic valve to be closed so that the outside does not supply the metal part cleaning solution for the cleaning solution spraying part 20 any more, and similarly, when no part is close to the proximity sensor near the position between the antirust solution spraying part 40 and the high-temperature drying part 50 within the preset time, the control chip controls the electromagnetic valve to be closed so that the outside does not supply the antirust solution for the antirust solution spraying part 40 any more. The preset time is adjustable in length, the adjustment range is 30 seconds to 5 minutes, and when the two electromagnetic valves are closed, the control chip turns off the ultrasonic generator 33, the air suction fan of the air outlet 52 of the high-temperature drying part 50 and the motor of the driving chain wheel 11, so that the conveyor belt 13 stops running. And the above electromagnetic valves can be opened again by the manual switch, when one electromagnetic valve is opened, the control chip will start the ultrasonic generator 33, the air exhaust fan of the air outlet 52 of the high-temperature drying part 50 and the motor of the driving chain wheel 11 to make the conveyor belt 13 run again.
Effects and effects of the embodiments
According to the cleaning system for the groove-shaped thin plate nut, the conveyor belt sequentially passes through the cleaning liquid spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the antirust liquid spraying part, the high-temperature drying part, the antirust spraying part and the blowing part. The washing liquid spraying portion has a plurality of washing liquid spraying units that are located the upper and lower sides of the conveyer belt, the ultrasonic cleaning portion has an ultrasonic cleaning tank for ultrasonic cleaning, the antirust liquid spraying portion has a plurality of antirust liquid spraying units that are located the upper and lower sides of the conveyer belt, the high-temperature drying portion leads in high-temperature gas from external circulation, the antirust spraying portion has upper and lower two specially designed antirust spray head units, the portion of weathering has the air outlet of narrow mouth of narrow neck to weather the fan. The groove-shaped thin plate nut arranged on the conveyor belt sequentially passes through the cleaning liquid spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the antirust liquid spraying part, the high-temperature drying part, the antirust spraying part and the drying part. Therefore, the cleaning system for the groove-type thin plate nut of the embodiment not only can thoroughly clean the groove-type thin plate nut with a common surface, but also has strong cleaning capability for the surface of the groove-type thin plate nut with a complex fine structure surface, and can well reduce the consumption of auxiliary materials such as cleaning agents, antirust oil and the like.
Furthermore, according to the cleaning system for the groove-shaped thin plate nuts, the cleaning liquid spraying unit and the antirust liquid spraying unit of the surface antirust treatment device are both of a lifting structure, so that the cleaning device can realize more flexible parameter adjustment for the groove-shaped thin plate nuts under different conditions.
Furthermore, according to the cleaning system for the groove-shaped thin plate nuts, the cleaning liquid spraying unit and the antirust liquid spraying unit are both of rotatable structures, so that the cleaning device can realize more flexible parameter adjustment for the groove-shaped thin plate nuts under different conditions.
Further, according to the cleaning system for the groove-shaped thin plate nut related to the fourth embodiment, in the cleaning device, when no part passes through the cleaning liquid spraying part or the antirust liquid spraying part within a period of time, the outside does not provide the cleaning liquid for the metal part and the antirust liquid for the metal part for the device any more; the ultrasonic generator and the air exhaust fan at the air outlet of the high-temperature drying part stop working, and the conveyor belt does not run any more. Therefore, the waste of energy and auxiliary materials in the part cleaning process can be avoided.
The above embodiments are preferred examples of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A cleaning system for a channel sheet nut, comprising:
A housing, both ends of which are respectively provided with an opening;
the conveying part comprises a rack, a chain wheel, a guide rail passing through the two openings and a conveying belt;
A cleaning solution spraying part, an ultrasonic cleaning part, a first antirust solution spraying part, a first high-temperature drying part, a second antirust solution spraying part, a second high-temperature drying part, an antirust spraying part and a blowing part which are communicated with each other are sequentially arranged in the shell according to the cleaning sequence of the groove-shaped sheet nut,
Wherein, the two ends of the frame are provided with supporting feet for supporting the frame, the chain wheel is movably connected with the two ends of the frame, guide rails which are parallel to each other and are arranged horizontally are arranged between the two ends of the frame, the conveyor belt arranged on the guide rails bypasses the chain wheel to be connected end to end, an external motor drives the chain wheel to drive the conveyor belt to sequentially pass through the cleaning solution spraying part, the ultrasonic cleaning part, the first antirust solution spraying part, the first high-temperature drying part, the second antirust solution spraying part, the second high-temperature drying part, the antirust spraying part and the drying part,
The cleaning liquid spraying part comprises a plurality of cleaning liquid spraying units which are respectively arranged above and below the conveyor belt, the cleaning liquid spraying units comprise a cleaning liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of cleaning liquid spray heads communicated with the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, the cleaning liquid conveying pipes are all parallel to the conveyor belt and are arranged perpendicular to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt,
The cleaning liquid spray heads above the conveyor belt are all vertically arranged towards the conveyor belt, the cleaning liquid spray heads below the conveyor belt form an acute angle with a horizontal line, the cleaning liquid spray heads of two adjacent cleaning liquid spray units have the same included angle with the horizontal line and opposite directions,
The cleaning infusion tube is a metal straight tube, the cleaning infusion tube is arranged in the shell and is communicated with an external cleaning solution storage device, the cleaning solution for metal parts is injected into each cleaning solution spray head through the cleaning infusion tube,
The cleaning liquid spray heads are uniformly distributed on the cleaning liquid conveying pipe, the cleaning liquid spray heads are cylindrical in shape, through grooves are arranged on the end faces of the cleaning liquid spray heads, the through grooves of the cleaning liquid spray heads are all parallel to the axis of the cleaning liquid conveying pipe,
the ultrasonic cleaning part comprises an ultrasonic cleaning tank and an ultrasonic generator;
The ultrasonic cleaning tank is filled with metal part cleaning solution,
The ultrasonic generator is arranged below the ultrasonic cleaning tank and is contacted with the bottom isolating plate of the ultrasonic cleaning tank, the wavelength of the ultrasonic is 0.0085-0.012 meter,
When the conveyor belt passes through the ultrasonic cleaning part, the conveyor belt bears the groove-shaped thin plate nuts to pass through the metal part cleaning solution in the ultrasonic cleaning tank,
The first antirust liquid spraying part comprises a plurality of first antirust liquid spraying units which are respectively arranged above and below the conveyor belt, the first antirust liquid spraying unit comprises a first antirust liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of first antirust liquid spray heads communicated with the first antirust liquid conveying pipe, the plurality of first antirust liquid conveying pipes are parallel to the conveyor belt and are arranged in parallel in a direction perpendicular to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt,
the first antirust liquid spray heads positioned above the conveyor belt are all arranged towards the conveyor belt vertically, the included angle between the first antirust liquid spray heads positioned below the conveyor belt and a horizontal line is an acute angle, the included angles between the first antirust liquid spray heads of two adjacent first antirust liquid spray units and the horizontal line are the same and opposite in direction,
The first antirust liquid conveying pipe is a metal straight pipe, the first antirust liquid conveying pipe is arranged in the shell and communicated with an external antirust liquid storage device, antirust liquid of metal parts is injected into each first antirust liquid spray head through the first antirust liquid conveying pipe,
The first antirust liquid nozzles are uniformly distributed on the first antirust liquid conveying pipe, the first antirust liquid nozzles are cylindrical in shape, through grooves are formed in the end faces of the first antirust liquid nozzles, the through grooves of the first antirust liquid nozzles of the same first antirust liquid nozzle unit are parallel to the axis of the first antirust liquid conveying pipe communicated with the first antirust liquid nozzles,
The first high-temperature drying part is provided with a first gas inlet for introducing high-temperature gas from the outside and a first gas outlet for discharging the high-temperature gas to the outside,
The first gas inlet and the first gas outlet are arranged on the shell, high-temperature gas is introduced through the first gas inlet, discharged through the first gas outlet, subjected to oil-gas separation from the outside and enters the first high-temperature drying part through the first gas inlet again to realize recycling,
The second antirust liquid spraying part comprises a plurality of second antirust liquid spraying units which are respectively arranged above and below the conveyor belt, the second antirust liquid spraying unit comprises a second antirust liquid conveying pipe and a plurality of second antirust liquid spray heads communicated with the second antirust liquid conveying pipe, the second antirust liquid conveying pipes are parallel to the conveyor belt and are arranged in parallel in a direction perpendicular to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt,
The second antirust liquid spray heads positioned above the conveyor belt are all arranged towards the conveyor belt vertically, the included angle between the second antirust liquid spray heads positioned below the conveyor belt and a horizontal line is an acute angle, the included angles between the second antirust liquid spray heads of two adjacent second antirust liquid spray units and the horizontal line are the same and opposite in direction,
the second antirust liquid conveying pipe is a metal straight pipe, the second antirust liquid conveying pipe is arranged in the shell and communicated with an external antirust liquid storage device, antirust liquid of metal parts is injected into each second antirust liquid spray head through the second antirust liquid conveying pipe,
A plurality of second antirust liquid nozzles are uniformly distributed on the second antirust liquid conveying pipe, the second antirust liquid nozzles are cylindrical in shape, through grooves are formed in the end faces of the second antirust liquid nozzles, the through grooves of the second antirust liquid nozzles of the same second antirust liquid nozzle unit are parallel to the axis of the second antirust liquid conveying pipe communicated with the second antirust liquid nozzles,
the second high-temperature drying part is provided with a second gas inlet for introducing high-temperature gas from the outside and a second gas outlet for discharging the high-temperature gas to the outside,
The second gas inlet and the second gas outlet are both arranged on the shell, high-temperature gas is introduced through the second gas inlet, is discharged through the second gas outlet, is subjected to oil-gas separation from the outside, and enters the second high-temperature drying part through the second gas inlet again to realize recycling,
The antirust liquid spraying part comprises 3 antirust spraying units, 1 antirust spraying unit is arranged above the conveyor belt, 2 antirust spraying units are arranged below the conveyor belt,
The rust-proof spraying unit comprises an oil delivery pipe and a plurality of rust-proof nozzles communicated with the oil delivery pipe, the oil delivery pipes are all arranged in parallel to the conveying belt and vertical to the advancing direction of the conveying belt,
The plurality of antirust spray heads above the conveyor belt are all arranged towards the conveyor belt vertically, the included angle between the antirust spray heads below the conveyor belt and a horizontal line is an acute angle, the included angles between the antirust spray heads of two adjacent antirust spraying units and the horizontal line are the same and opposite in direction,
The oil delivery pipe is a metal straight pipe, is arranged inside the shell and is communicated with an external antirust oil storage device, antirust oil is injected into the antirust spray head through the oil delivery pipe,
The plurality of antirust spray heads are uniformly distributed on the oil pipeline, the antirust spray heads are cylindrical, two raised nozzles and a plurality of spray holes with different diameters are arranged on the surface of the antirust spray heads, each raised nozzle is provided with a top spray hole, the antirust spray heads of the same antirust spraying unit are in the same direction,
the blow-drying part comprises a blow-drying fan,
the strip-shaped blow-drying fan is arranged above the conveyor belt and is parallel to the conveyor belt, a rectangular air outlet is formed in the surface of the conveyor belt, the length direction of the blow-drying fan is perpendicular to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt, and the direction of the opening of the air outlet is opposite to the advancing direction of the conveyor belt.
2. A cleaning system for a slotted laminated nut as defined in claim 1, wherein:
The through grooves on the end faces of the cleaning liquid spray head, the first antirust liquid spray head and the second antirust liquid spray head are all arranged on the diameter.
3. A cleaning system for a slotted laminated nut as defined in claim 1, wherein:
and acute angles formed by the two raised nozzles on the surface of the antirust spray head and the surface of the antirust spray head are both 80 degrees.
4. a cleaning system for a slotted laminated nut as defined in claim 1, wherein:
The two openings of the shell are isolated from the outside by barrier strips, and the intersections of the first antirust liquid spraying part, the first high-temperature drying part, the second antirust liquid spraying part, the second high-temperature drying part, the antirust spraying part and the drying part are isolated by barrier strips.
5. A cleaning system for a slotted laminated nut as defined in claim 1, wherein:
Wherein the width-length ratio of the air outlet is less than 1: 35.
6. A cleaning system for a slotted laminated nut as defined in claim 1, wherein:
the pressure of the metal part cleaning liquid, the metal part antirust liquid and the antirust oil is 0.6-0.8MPa, and the temperature of the metal part cleaning liquid, the temperature of the metal part antirust liquid and the temperature of the antirust oil are 50-60 ℃.
7. a cleaning system for a slotted laminated nut as defined in claim 1, wherein:
Wherein, be located the guide rail of ultrasonic cleaning portion to ultrasonic cleaning tank indent.
8. A cleaning system for a slotted laminated nut as defined in claim 1, wherein:
wherein the running speed of the conveyor belt is 0.008-0.02 m/s.
CN201821983371.6U 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 cleaning system for groove-shaped thin plate nut Active CN209772858U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821983371.6U CN209772858U (en) 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 cleaning system for groove-shaped thin plate nut

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821983371.6U CN209772858U (en) 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 cleaning system for groove-shaped thin plate nut

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020108227A1 (en) * 2018-11-29 2020-06-04 上海永太汽车零部件有限公司 Cleaning apparatus and method for groove-profile sheet nut

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020108227A1 (en) * 2018-11-29 2020-06-04 上海永太汽车零部件有限公司 Cleaning apparatus and method for groove-profile sheet nut

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