CN106914800A - Do the dry polishing system of throwing method and application the method in a kind of pottery brick brick face - Google Patents

Do the dry polishing system of throwing method and application the method in a kind of pottery brick brick face Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106914800A
CN106914800A CN201710134426.XA CN201710134426A CN106914800A CN 106914800 A CN106914800 A CN 106914800A CN 201710134426 A CN201710134426 A CN 201710134426A CN 106914800 A CN106914800 A CN 106914800A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick face
brick
negative
head body
grinding head
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710134426.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐斌
周祖兵
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Keda Clean Energy Co Ltd
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Keda Clean Energy Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Keda Clean Energy Co Ltd filed Critical Keda Clean Energy Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710134426.XA priority Critical patent/CN106914800A/en
Publication of CN106914800A publication Critical patent/CN106914800A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B1/00Processes of grinding or polishing; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/002Grinding heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/02Equipment for cooling the grinding surfaces, e.g. devices for feeding coolant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/06Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor involving conveyor belts, a sequence of travelling work-tables or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/20Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground
    • B24B7/22Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground for grinding inorganic material, e.g. stone, ceramics, porcelain
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OR DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17DPIPE-LINE SYSTEMS; PIPE-LINES
    • F17D1/00Pipe-line systems
    • F17D1/02Pipe-line systems for gases or vapours
    • F17D1/065Arrangements for producing propulsion of gases or vapours
    • F17D1/07Arrangements for producing propulsion of gases or vapours by compression

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of dry throwing method in pottery brick brick face, comprise the following steps:Step 1, air, cold wind and/or cooling wind recycle air compression plant that cold airflow is formed after being pressurizeed after dropping to the temperature range of setting, and cold airflow is by air delivery device feeding brick face grinding attachment;Step 2, the cold airflow into brick face grinding attachment is sprayed to abrading block, grinding head body and/or brick face by shower nozzle;Step 3, using the abrasive dust in negative-pressure adsorption brick face, the cold airflow sprayed by shower nozzle is pushed down on, run into the air-flow that horizontal direction is produced behind brick face, the air-flow of horizontal direction blows away the abrasive dust being attached on brick face, and takes away the heat in brick face, and the air-flow of bottom horizontal flow sheet is run into after the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood towards the upset of grinding head body direction, and grinding head body is blowed to, so as to form continuously airflow circulating.The invention also discloses a kind of dry polishing system for applying the present invention to do throwing method.The present invention is processed using Waterless to brick face, saves processing cost, improves crudy.

Description

Do the dry polishing system of throwing method and application the method in a kind of pottery brick brick face
Technical field
The present invention relates to pottery brick processing technique field, more particularly to a kind of pottery brick brick face dry throwing method and application The dry polishing system of the dry throwing method.
Background technology
General Ceramic glaze Wall or floor tile(Hereinafter referred to as pottery brick)After burning till, pottery brick periphery and surface are entered Row grinding, to eliminate the out-of-flatness on pottery brick surface, and eliminates pottery brick concentric reducer and rippled edge, reaches surface The upright tile product of smooth and specification.
Existing Imitation Rock Porcelain Tiles(Stone material)Polishing flow generally comprises rude edge arrissing, scrapes thicknessing, grinding and polishing, fine grinding side The operation such as chamfering and nano fluid coating, grinding and polishing operation is to carry out fine gtinding to adobe surface, obtains ceramic tile surface The mirror effect of bright and clean smooth high gloss.
General, traditional pottery brick mirror polish method is using water spray cooling abrading block, big cross flow form cleaning ceramic tile Finished surface.But because pottery brick surface structure is tightr, lower surface is than more loose, therefore upper surface water absorption rate Low, lower surface water absorption rate is high, now, it is necessary to a large amount of water rinse pottery brick face during bistrique processing ceramic matter brick surface, because throwing Brick can be produced to consider to be worth doing when mill, if do not rinsed well, it is possible to flower to be ground in the pottery brick face for having processed, causes secondary Injury.The water jet of grinding head center can remove the abrasive dust of grinding head center position, finally in the way of cross flow, rinse ceramic tile surface Remaining local abrasive dust.
It is envisaged that in order to solve to rinse the sewage and sludge that produce, ceramics factory needs supporting sewage disposal to set Apply and be disposed, in addition, so during water throwing, pottery brick reverse side can largely absorb water, and the later stage needs auxiliary facility to porcelain Brick is dried, more troubling, the physical change repeatedly of pottery brick, the problems such as being likely to result in glaze paint and be cracked, and The pottery brick of traditional water mill polishing, still contains certain moisture after drying, in order to prevent moisture from separating out destruction external packing, And influence ceramic tile quality, pottery brick vanning when need to stick the film of water proof, will necessarily so increase ceramic tile Cost.
However, with development in science and technology, energy-saving and emission-reduction, intellectually and automatically are ceramic industry development topics, ceramics equipment Enterprise is even more and tries one's very best, and is energy-conservation and emission reduction effect that numerous travelling traders show different modes.And pottery brick is in life Water suction during product, triggered by water suction is the key factor that influences energy-saving and emission-reduction, intellectually and automatically the problems such as drying, In addition, the drying needed time is very long, energy consumption is again very big, and many problems can be also encountered during packaging, and packaging is transported to once there is moisture Client family the inside is all mouldy.
It can be seen that, existing pottery brick processing technology not only needs the substantial amounts of water, and later stage to need to do water removal operation, these There are problem to be solved in problem Dou Shi ceramic devices manufacturing firm and ceramic tile producer.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are, there is provided a kind of dry throwing method in pottery brick brick face, realize pottery The anhydrous processing in brick brick face, saves follow-up baking operation.
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are, there is provided a kind of dry throwing method in pottery brick brick face, reduces cost and Energy consumption, and improve the quality of production.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of dry throwing method in pottery brick brick face, including following step Suddenly:
Step 1, air, cold wind and/or cooling wind recycle air compression plant to be pressurizeed after dropping to the temperature range of setting After form cold airflow, cold airflow sends into brick face grinding attachment by air delivery device;
Step 2, the cold airflow into brick face grinding attachment is sprayed to abrading block, grinding head body and/or brick face by shower nozzle;
Step 3, using the abrasive dust in negative-pressure adsorption brick face, the cold airflow sprayed by shower nozzle is pushed down on, and water is produced after running into brick face Square to air-flow, the air-flow of horizontal direction blows away the abrasive dust being attached on brick face, and takes away the heat in brick face, bottom horizontal flow sheet Air-flow is flipped up after running into the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood towards grinding head body direction, and blows to grinding head body, thus formed it is continuous not Disconnected airflow circulating.
Used as the improvement of such scheme, the grinding head body in the grinding attachment of the brick face is covered by negative-pressure dust suction hood;
Wherein cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the central shaft of grinding head body, and each is sent to by the current divider of grinding head body bottom Abrading block periphery simultaneously sprays to abrading block and brick face;
Or, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the central shaft of grinding head body, is sprayed and is sprayed to by the center of grinding head body bottom Abrading block and brick face;
Or, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the side of negative-pressure dust suction hood, and sprays to abrading block and brick face;
Or, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood simultaneously from the side of the bottom of grinding head body and negative-pressure dust suction hood, and sprays to mill Block and brick face;
Or, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood simultaneously from the cavity bottom surface of the bottom of grinding head body and negative-pressure dust suction hood, and sprays To abrading block and brick face.
Used as the improvement of such scheme, air, cold wind and/or cooling wind drop to -10 DEG C~10 DEG C in step 1
Accordingly, present invention also offers a kind of dry polishing system of application the method for the invention, including frame and set In in frame and for transmitting the conveyer belt of pottery brick, also including the brick face grinding attachment above conveyer belt, for will The air compression plant that air, cold wind and/or cooling wind are pressurizeed, and be pressed to form by air compression plant for conveying Cold airflow air delivery device;
Brick face grinding attachment include grinding head body, the abrading block in grinding head body, drive grinding head body motion drive device with And the negative-pressure dust suction hood of the grinding head body is covered, the negative-pressure dust suction hood is the structure of under shed, and its side wall is provided with dust suction Mouthful, during work, the upper surface of the pottery brick of the lower end of negative-pressure dust suction hood laminating processing or set with the upper surface of pottery brick There is minim gap;
During work, the cold airflow of pressurization is led in negative-pressure dust suction hood and pushed down on by air delivery device, after cold airflow runs into brick face Produce the air-flow of horizontal direction, the air-flow of horizontal direction to blow away the abrasive dust being attached on brick face, and take away the heat in brick face, level The air-flow of flowing is flipped up after running into the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood towards grinding head body direction, and blows to grinding head body, so as to be formed Continuously airflow circulating.
Used as the improvement of such scheme, the frame is provided with workbench along pottery brick conveying direction, the workbench Side is provided with the secondary dust exhaust apparatus that dust and abrasive dust in pottery brick edge are diffused for absorbing, the secondary dust suction dress Put the sweep-up pipe and the dust catcher group for sucking dust and abrasive dust connected including dust absorption fan and dust absorption fan.
Used as the improvement of such scheme, the sweep-up pipe includes the first sweep-up pipe and the second sweep-up pipe, the dust catcher group Including the first dust catcher group and the second dust catcher group, one end of first sweep-up pipe and the second sweep-up pipe connects with dust absorption fan Connect, the other end connects one to one with the first dust catcher group and the second dust catcher group respectively, the first dust catcher group and second Dust catcher group is respectively arranged on the both sides of workbench, and the secondary suction port of the dust catcher group is towards workbench.
As the improvement of such scheme, also including the belt cooling device below conveyer belt, the belt cooling dress Put including cooling admission line and the tracheae distribution duct that connects of cooling admission line and many with what tracheae distribution duct was connected Individual bronchial, the end of each bronchial is equipped with the cold air nozzle towards conveyor belt surface.
Used as the improvement of such scheme, the air delivery device is including the breather line for the cold airflow that circulates, for controlling Cold airflow in breather line can only be to the breather check valve of brick face grinding attachment direction circulation and for controlling breather line The pneumatic operated valve of break-make, flows into breather line by the cold airflow after air compression plant pressurization and sequentially passes through pneumatic operated valve and enter Brick face grinding attachment is flowed to after gas check valve.
Used as the improvement of such scheme, the negative-pressure dust suction hood includes fixed cover and movable guard, the bottom of chamber of the fixed cover The bistrique for being fixed on grinding head body upper end by fastener is covered, wherein fixed cover the side wall with movable guard by being connected hinge Relatively turnable connection, another side wall is fixed by linking lock.
Used as the improvement of such scheme, the lower end of the fixed cover and movable guard is fixedly connected with a circle caulking gum skirt.
Implement embodiments of the invention, have the advantages that:
1st, dry throwing method of the invention and dry polishing system have been eliminated the big cross flow formula processing mode of injection water, pottery brick and have been dried completely Dryer in dry operation and baking operation, and treatment tank and sewage purification system have been eliminated, the present invention is using anhydrous The dry throwing method of formula and dry polishing system, solve the problems, such as pottery brick occurs in water absorption course in the prior art reflex action, The glaze cover-coat enamel occurred in drying process splits, rushes the sewage and Treatment of Sludge work of the grinding phenomenon and generation for not washing clean appearance A series of troubles such as sequence;
2nd, using dry throwing method of the invention and dry polishing system, pottery brick pottery completely after anhydrous processing in process The positive and negative of brick be all it is dry, it is different from common pottery brick polisher, in conventional ceramic matter brick polisher process Using substantial amounts of water, the positive and negative of pottery brick is all to adsorb and be permeated with substantial amounts of water after processing, and whole ceramic tile positive and negative is all It is drenched, the dry throwing technique of pottery brick is only economized on water, and this can think that enterprise brings no small benefit;
3rd, the abrasive dust that processing ceramic matter brick of the present invention is produced does not have other water leaking-in, and abrasive dust can be collected effectively, and these are " useless Material " can again become raw material, realize recycling;
4th, process is anhydrous so that the pottery brick after processing is in drying regime all the time, therefore can save follow-up drying Link, so as to reduce cost, energy consumption and the production site of drying equipment, and reduces drying course and occurs drying the wind that glaze splits Danger;
5th, the present invention by use pottery brick do throwing method and dry polishing system the adobe surface of different phase is carried out it is most economical, Maximally effective working process, reduces poorly efficient, invalid processing, and improve production efficiency has eliminated polishing machine drying process and operation, Without building cesspool on polishing machine periphery, save the area, the effect of finishing improve product quality has been given full play to again, finally Reach low water consumption and electrical loss, improve production efficiency and product quality and reduce the purpose of production cost.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of the dry throwing method of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the overall structure diagram of dry polishing system of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the part-structure schematic diagram of dry polishing system when cold airflow of the invention uses the first implementation method;
Fig. 4 is the upward view of grinding head body in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of brick face grinding attachment when cold airflow of the invention uses the first implementation method;
Fig. 6 is the top view of brick face grinding attachment when cold airflow of the invention uses the first implementation method;
Fig. 7 is structural representation when movable guard is in open mode in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the secondary dust exhaust apparatus of dry polishing system of the invention;
Fig. 9 is Fig. 8 part-structure schematic diagrams;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the belt cooling device of dry polishing system of the invention;
Figure 11 is the part-structure schematic diagram of dry polishing system when cold airflow of the invention uses second implementation method;
Figure 12 is the part-structure schematic diagram of dry polishing system when cold airflow of the invention uses the third implementation method;
Figure 13 is the part-structure schematic diagram of dry polishing system when cold airflow of the invention uses the 4th kind of implementation method;
Figure 14 is the part-structure schematic diagram of dry polishing system when cold airflow of the invention uses the 4th kind of implementation method.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the present invention is made into one below in conjunction with accompanying drawing Step ground is described in detail.Only this statement, the side such as the up, down, left, right, before and after that occur in the text or will appear from of the invention, inside and outside Position word, only on the basis of accompanying drawing of the invention, it is not to specific restriction of the invention.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1 to accompanying drawing 14, the invention discloses a kind of dry throwing method in pottery brick brick face, comprise the following steps:
Step 1, air, cold wind and/or cooling wind recycle air compression plant 4 to be pressurizeed after dropping to the temperature range of setting After form cold airflow, cold airflow sends into brick face grinding attachment 3 by air delivery device 5.Wherein air compression plant 4 can be compression Pump or other be used for the device of forced air, the flow velocity that the cold airflow being pressed to form by air compression plant 4 is sprayed is very high, Air molecule activity is accelerated, accelerates the exchange of heat energy.
Air of the invention, cold wind and/or cooling wind can be freezed by refrigerating plants such as air-conditionings, and refrigeration is to necessarily Cold airflow after temperature can accelerate the speed of heat exchange.
Wherein, air, cold wind and/or cooling wind preferably drop to -10 DEG C~10 DEG C.In this scope, can be to brick face, mill Head body surface face, abrading block contacted with pottery brick and effectively lowered the temperature at friction, and the test of many times according to inventor finds, works as sky When the temperature of gas, cold wind and/or cooling wind is -10 DEG C~10 DEG C, on the basis of normal process is not influenceed, its cooling-down effect is most It is good, and during in this temperature range, more meet power conservation requirement.
Step 2, the cold airflow into brick face grinding attachment 3 is sprayed to abrading block 32, grinding head body 31 and/or brick by shower nozzle Face.The shower nozzle can select only to spray in abrading block 32, grinding head body 31 and brick face, or spray to it by multiple shower nozzles In two even three, can be selected as the case may be.
Preferably, the grinding head body 31 in brick face grinding attachment 3 is covered by negative-pressure dust suction hood 33, negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 Side wall is provided with suction port 330, and negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 for closing or semi-enclosed can cover bistrique.
Step 3, using the abrasive dust in negative-pressure adsorption brick face, the cold airflow sprayed by shower nozzle is pushed down on, and is produced after running into brick face The air-flow of raw horizontal direction, the air-flow of horizontal direction blows away the abrasive dust being attached on brick face, and takes away the heat in brick face, due to negative Pressure dust shield 33 is a more narrow space, and the air-flow of bottom horizontal flow sheet is run into after the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 towards bistrique The direction of body 31 is flipped up, and blows to grinding head body 31, so as to form continuously airflow circulating.With reference to the height formed after pressurization The injection of the cold airflow and shower nozzle of speed flowing, the pressure of the cold airflow in negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 is larger, and now, cold airflow will Outwards a large amount of passage, until rise therewith after running into the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33, so as to form continuously airflow circulating. Wherein running into the air-flow risen after the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 can be sucked away with substantial amounts of dust from suction port 330, other The abrasive dust of bulky grain can be blown to the lower section of workbench 11.
Referring to accompanying drawing 3,4,11 to 14, cold airflow of the invention can enter into dust shield by following five kinds of embodiments It is interior:
The first implementation method, referring to accompanying drawing 3 and accompanying drawing 4, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the central shaft of grinding head body 31, Each periphery of abrading block 32 is sent to by the current divider 34 of the bottom of grinding head body 31 and spray to abrading block 32 and brick face;Now, grinding head body 31 Bottom current divider 34 is installed, it is used to uniformly distribute the cold airflow of total pipeline 6 to each nozzle 36, wherein shunting Connected by a point gas branch pipe 35 between device 34 and nozzle 36, multiple nozzles 36 are evenly distributed on the bottom of grinding head body 31 and are distributed in Space between two abrading blocks 32, now, the cold airflow for ejecting can uniformly be ejected into the surface in brick face and abrading block 32;
Second implementation method, referring to accompanying drawing 11, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the central shaft of grinding head body 31e, by grinding The center of head body 31e bottoms sprays and sprays to brick face and abrading block 32e;Now, nozzle 36e is only provided with one, and cold airflow is by grinding The nozzle 36e of the middle position of head body 31e sprays;
The third implementation method, referring to accompanying drawing 12, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the side of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33f, and Spray to abrading block 32f and brick face;
4th kind of implementation method, referring to accompanying drawing 13, cold airflow is same from the side of the bottom of grinding head body 31g and negative-pressure dust suction hood 33g When enter in negative-pressure dust suction hood, and spray to abrading block 32g and brick face;A portion cold airflow by grinding head body 31g bottoms center Brick face is sprayed and sprays to, another part cold airflow sprays to abrading block 32g;Now, two or three nozzle 36g are set, two are set During individual nozzle 36g, a nozzle 36g is located at negative-pressure dust suction hood 33g located at the centre position of grinding head body 31, another nozzle 36g Side wall, when setting three nozzle 36g, nozzle 36g is located at the centre position of grinding head body 31g, two other nozzle 36g points Not She Yu negative-pressure dust suction hood 33g radial direction two ends;
5th kind of implementation method, referring to accompanying drawing 14, cold airflow is from the bottom of grinding head body 31h and the cavity bottom of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33h Face enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood simultaneously, and sprays to abrading block 32h and brick face;A part of cold airflow by grinding head body 31h bottoms center Brick face is sprayed and sprays to, another part cold airflow sprays to downwards abrading block 32.After being sprayed by any of the above-described kind of implementation method, mill Head body 31, abrading block 32 and brick face are in an environment for low temperature, and above-mentioned five kinds of implementation methods are that cold airflow is sprayed into mill Block 32 and/or brick face, and in addition to second implementation method, the cold airflow in other several embodiments is mainly directly Abrading block 32 is sprayed to, cold airflow is directly sprayed to the heat that the main purpose in abrading block 32 and/or brick face is to speed up at abrading block 32 and is dissipated Lose, because grinding head body 31 is in operation, abrading block 32 produces substantial amounts of frictional heat with ceramic tile surface abrasive dust, and these heats can be delivered to Air, abrasive dust, ceramic tile surface and abrading block 32, frictional heat are delivered to after air, abrasive dust, ceramic tile surface, abrading block 32, can be with height The cold airflow of speed carries out quick cold and hot exchange, because jet is mainly towards abrading block 32 and/or brick face, now, produces high The flowing velocity of the cold airflow at abrading block 32 and the friction of ceramic tile of temperature is very high, and cold and hot friendship can be accelerated by the cold airflow of high speed The speed changed, meanwhile, the cold airflow of high speed can also accelerate scattering and disappearing for the heat of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33.
Referring to accompanying drawing 5 to 7, the negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 includes fixed cover 33a and movable guard 33b, the fixed cover 33a's Bottom of chamber passes through fastener 331(Can be the connectors such as screw)It is fixed on the bistrique lid 310 of the upper end of grinding head body 31, wherein fixed Cover 33a passes through link with a side wall of movable guard 33b by being connected the relatively turnable connection of hinge 332, another side wall Lock 333 is fixed.Grinding head body 31 unlocks link lock 333 when abrading block 32 is changed, at this point it is possible to movable guard 33b is opened, just In the replacing of abrading block 32.
Preferably, the lower end of the fixed cover 33a and movable guard 33b is fixedly connected with a circle caulking gum skirt 334, seals Rubber skirt 334 can improve the sealing in negative-pressure dust suction hood 33, and wherein caulking gum skirt 334 can be fixed by screws in negative Press the lower end of dust shield 33.
Referring to accompanying drawing 8, dry throwing method of the invention is also provided with secondary dust suction operation, and special cleaning is hung down by high speed cold airflow Dust, the abrasive dust of bulky grain around workbench 11 are fallen, these dust are collected by secondary suction port 730, have purified environment.Tool Body, the side of the workbench 11 is provided with the secondary dust suction that dust and abrasive dust in pottery brick edge are diffused for absorbing Device, the secondary dust exhaust apparatus include the sweep-up pipe 72 that dust absorption fan 71 and dust absorption fan 71 connect and for sucking powder The dust catcher group 73 of dirt and abrasive dust.The rotation of the dust absorption fan 71 produces dust suction wind, and dust suction wind is by sweep-up pipe 72 so that dust suction Very big the aspiration of negative pressure power is produced at the secondary suction port 730 of device group 73, is diffused in the dust and abrasive dust of pottery brick edge Secondary suction port 730 is inhaled into, and is entered at dust collection by sweep-up pipe 72, the dust of collection can be saved with secondary utilization Resource, has purified environment.
Accordingly, present invention also offers a kind of dry polishing system of application the method for the invention, including frame 1 and set In in frame 1 and for transmitting the conveyer belt 2 of pottery brick.
In order to realize the purpose of the present invention, dry polishing system of the invention also includes the brick face grinding located at the top of conveyer belt 2 Device 3, for the air compression plant 4 that air, cold wind and/or cooling wind are pressurizeed, and for conveying by air pressure The air delivery device 5 of the cold airflow that compression apparatus 4 are pressed to form.Wherein air compression plant 4 can be compression pump.
Specifically, brick face grinding attachment 3 includes grinding head body 31, the abrading block 32 in grinding head body 31, drives bistrique The drive device of the motion of body 31(Do not marked in accompanying drawing)And the negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 of the grinding head body 31 is covered, the negative pressure is inhaled Dust hood 33 is the structure of under shed, and its side wall is provided with suction port 330, and during work, the lower end laminating of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 adds The upper surface of the pottery brick of work is provided with minim gap with the upper surface of pottery brick.The wherein lower end of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 The upper surface of the pottery brick of laminating processing is preferred scheme, but because both reasons such as error differ in practical operation Surely complete laminating can be realized, now, both have minim gap.
During work, the cold airflow of pressurization is led in negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 and pushed down on by air delivery device 5, and cold airflow runs into The air-flow of horizontal direction is produced behind brick face, the air-flow of horizontal direction blows away the abrasive dust being attached on brick face, and takes away the heat in brick face Amount, the air-flow of bottom horizontal flow sheet is flipped up after running into the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 towards the direction of grinding head body 31, and blows to bistrique Body 31, so as to form continuously airflow circulating.
With reference to the injection of the swiftly flowing cold airflow and shower nozzle formed after pressurization, the cold airflow in negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 Pressure it is larger, now, cold airflow outwards will be elapsed largely, until rise therewith after running into the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33, So as to form continuously airflow circulating.Wherein running into the air-flow risen after the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 can be with substantial amounts of powder Dirt is sucked away from suction port 330, and the abrasive dust of other bulky grains can be blown to the lower section of workbench 11.
As the preferred scheme of air delivery device 5, the air delivery device 5 include for circulate cold airflow breather line 51, For the breather check valve 52 for controlling cold airflow in breather line 51 to be circulated to the direction of brick face grinding attachment 3 and it is used for Controlling the pneumatic operated valve 53 of the break-make of breather line 51, wherein breather check valve 52 can avoid cold airflow from backflow phenomenon occur, pass through Cold airflow after air compression plant 4 pressurizes is flowed into breather line 51 and after sequentially passing through pneumatic operated valve 53 and breather check valve 52 Flow to brick face grinding attachment 3.Whether wherein pneumatic operated valve 53 is controlled by the sensor being arranged on conveyer belt 2, examined by sensor Measure pottery brick by controlling the switch of gas circuit.
The position that brick face of the invention grinding attachment 3 is connected with breather line 51 is provided with total pipeline 6, wherein 6 points of total pipeline It is cylinder main shaft portion and the part of grinding head body 31, because grinding head body 31 is mounted on cylinder main shaft, cylinder main shaft part Divide and the pipeline of the part of grinding head body 31 is plugged in together, cold airflow is flowed into negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 by total pipeline 6.
Used as the preferred scheme of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33, the negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 includes fixed cover 33a and movable guard 33b, The bottom of chamber of the fixed cover 33a passes through fastener 331(Can be the connectors such as screw)It is fixed on the bistrique of the upper end of grinding head body 31 On lid 310, wherein fixed cover 33a with a side wall of movable guard 33b by being connected the relatively turnable connection of hinge 332, separately One side wall is fixed by linking lock 333.Grinding head body 31 unlocks link lock 333 when abrading block 32 is changed, at this point it is possible to will Movable guard 33b is opened, and is easy to the replacing of abrading block 32.
Preferably, the lower end of the fixed cover 33a and movable guard 33b is fixedly connected with a circle caulking gum skirt 334, seals Rubber skirt 334 can improve the sealing in negative-pressure dust suction hood 33, and wherein caulking gum skirt 334 can be fixed by screws in negative Press the lower end of dust shield 33.
Referring to accompanying drawing 8, the frame 1 is provided with workbench 11, the side of the workbench 11 along pottery brick conveying direction It is provided with the secondary dust exhaust apparatus 7 that dust and abrasive dust in pottery brick edge are diffused for absorbing, the secondary dust exhaust apparatus 7 The sweep-up pipe 72 connected including dust absorption fan 71 and dust absorption fan 71 and the dust catcher group 73 for sucking dust and abrasive dust. The rotation of the dust absorption fan 71 produces dust suction wind, and dust suction wind is by sweep-up pipe 72 so that the secondary suction port 730 of dust catcher group 73 Place produces very big the aspiration of negative pressure power, diffuses dust and abrasive dust in pottery brick edge and is inhaled into secondary suction port 330, and Enter at dust collection by sweep-up pipe 72, the dust of collection can save resource with secondary utilization, purify environment.
Preferably, the sweep-up pipe 72 includes the first sweep-up pipe 72a and the second sweep-up pipe 72b, and the dust catcher group 73 is wrapped Include one end of the first dust catcher group 73a and the second dust catcher group 73b, the first sweep-up pipe 72a and the second sweep-up pipe 72b with Dust absorption fan 71 is connected, and the other end connects one to one with the first dust catcher group 73a and the second dust catcher group 73b respectively, described First dust catcher group 73a and the second dust catcher group 73b are respectively arranged on the both sides of workbench 11, the secondary suction of the dust catcher group 73 Dirt mouthful 730 is towards workbench 11.Dust catcher group 73 is respectively provided with by the both sides of workbench 11, the dust that will be produced is as far as possible In many suction dust catcher groups 73.
It should be noted that when pottery brick is placed on conveyer belt 2, being one piece and being close to one piece, because pottery brick is Anhydrous dry throwing, can produce substantial amounts of heat in process, and heat can be conducted to brick body, and ceramic tile body conducts the heat to conveying again On band 2, so as to cause the heat of conveyer belt 2 very high, the service life of conveyer belt 2 will necessarily be influenceed.Further, since tiles edges What will not be fitted is so tight, and always apertured presence, has part dust and fall on conveyer belt 2, and rear powder is used for a long time The accumulation of dirt can influence crudy.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, dry polishing system of the invention also includes the belt cooling located at the lower section of conveyer belt 2 Device 8, referring to accompanying drawing 10, the belt cooling device 8 includes the gas that cooling admission line 81 is connected with cooling admission line 81 Pipe distribution duct 82 and the multiple bronchials 83 being connected with tracheae distribution duct 82, the end of each bronchial 83 is all provided with There is the cold air nozzle 84 towards the surface of conveyer belt 2.The present invention sets cooling device by below conveyer belt 2, to conveyer belt 2 Surface is cooled down, it is ensured that conveyer belt 2 remains within the scope of reasonable temperature in process, i.e., do not influence pottery brick Processing, the service life of conveyer belt 2 can be improved again, while residual dust can be blown away, make conveyer belt 2 all the time in clean and tidy State.
Referring to accompanying drawing 3,4,11 to 14, cold airflow of the invention can enter into dust shield by following five kinds of embodiments It is interior:
The first implementation method, referring to accompanying drawing 3 and accompanying drawing 4, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the central shaft of grinding head body 31, Each periphery of abrading block 32 is sent to by the current divider 34 of the bottom of grinding head body 31 and spray to abrading block 32 and brick face;Now, grinding head body 31 Bottom current divider 34 is installed, it is used to uniformly distribute the cold airflow of total pipeline 6 to each nozzle 36, wherein shunting Connected by a point gas branch pipe 35 between device 34 and nozzle 36, multiple nozzles 36 are evenly distributed on the bottom of grinding head body 31 and are distributed in Space between two abrading blocks 32, now, the cold airflow for ejecting can uniformly be ejected into the surface in brick face and abrading block 32;
Second implementation method, referring to accompanying drawing 11, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the central shaft of grinding head body 31e, by grinding The center of head body 31e bottoms sprays and sprays to brick face and abrading block 32e;Now, nozzle 36e is only provided with one, and cold airflow is by grinding The nozzle 36e of the middle position of head body 31e sprays;
The third implementation method, referring to accompanying drawing 12, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the side of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33f, and Spray to abrading block 32f and brick face;
4th kind of implementation method, referring to accompanying drawing 13, cold airflow is same from the side of the bottom of grinding head body 31g and negative-pressure dust suction hood 33g When enter in negative-pressure dust suction hood, and spray to abrading block 32g and brick face;A portion cold airflow by grinding head body 31g bottoms center Brick face is sprayed and sprays to, another part cold airflow sprays to abrading block 32g;Now, two or three nozzle 36g are set, two are set During individual nozzle 36g, a nozzle 36g is located at negative-pressure dust suction hood 33g located at the centre position of grinding head body 31, another nozzle 36g Side wall, when setting three nozzle 36g, nozzle 36g is located at the centre position of grinding head body 31g, two other nozzle 36g points Not She Yu negative-pressure dust suction hood 33g radial direction two ends;
5th kind of implementation method, referring to accompanying drawing 14, cold airflow is from the bottom of grinding head body 31h and the cavity bottom of negative-pressure dust suction hood 33h Face enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood simultaneously, and sprays to abrading block 32h and brick face;A part of cold airflow by grinding head body 31h bottoms center Brick face is sprayed and sprays to, another part cold airflow sprays to downwards abrading block 32.
After being sprayed by any of the above-described kind of implementation method, grinding head body 31, abrading block 32 and brick face are in low temperature In environment, above-mentioned five kinds of implementation methods are that cold airflow is sprayed into abrading block 32 and/or brick face, and except second implementation method Outward, the cold airflow in other several embodiments is mainly and directly sprays to abrading block 32, and cold airflow is directly sprayed to abrading block 32 And/or the main purpose in brick face is to speed up heat at abrading block 32 and scatters and disappears, because grinding head body 31 is in operation, abrading block 32 and ceramic tile Surface abrasive dust produces substantial amounts of frictional heat, and these heats can be delivered to air, abrasive dust, ceramic tile surface and abrading block 32, frictional heat Be delivered to after air, abrasive dust, ceramic tile surface, abrading block 32, can with the cold airflow of high speed carry out quickly it is cold and hot exchange, due to spray Loophole is mainly towards abrading block 32 and/or brick face, now, produces the stream of the cold airflow at the abrading block 32 of high temperature and the friction of ceramic tile Dynamic speed is very high, and the speed of cold and hot exchange can be accelerated by the cold airflow of high speed, meanwhile, the cold airflow of high speed can also be accelerated to bear Press scattering and disappearing for the heat of dust shield 33.
The operation principle of dry polishing system of the invention is as described below:
When the conveying pottery brick of conveyer belt 2 enters bistrique grinding area, sensor can sense ceramic tile, air compression plant 4 The cold airflow of pressurization enters total pipeline 6 by breather line 51 and after sequentially passing through pneumatic operated valve 53 and breather check valve 52, most Sprayed in negative-pressure dust suction hood 33 by shower nozzle afterwards.
The above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art For, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications are also considered as Protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. throwing method is done in a kind of pottery brick brick face, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step 1, air, cold wind and/or cooling wind recycle air compression plant to be pressurizeed after dropping to the temperature range of setting After form cold airflow, cold airflow sends into brick face grinding attachment by air delivery device;
Step 2, the cold airflow into brick face grinding attachment is sprayed to abrading block, grinding head body and/or brick face by shower nozzle;
Step 3, using the abrasive dust in negative-pressure adsorption brick face, the cold airflow sprayed by shower nozzle is pushed down on, and water is produced after running into brick face Square to air-flow, the air-flow of horizontal direction blows away the abrasive dust being attached on brick face, and takes away the heat in brick face, bottom horizontal flow sheet Air-flow is flipped up after running into the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood towards grinding head body direction, and blows to grinding head body, thus formed it is continuous not Disconnected airflow circulating.
2. throwing method is done in pottery brick brick face according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the grinding attachment of the brick face Grinding head body is covered by negative-pressure dust suction hood;
Wherein cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the central shaft of grinding head body, and each is sent to by the current divider of grinding head body bottom Abrading block periphery simultaneously sprays to abrading block and brick face;
Or, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the central shaft of grinding head body, is sprayed and is sprayed to by the center of grinding head body bottom Abrading block and brick face;
Or, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood from the side of negative-pressure dust suction hood, and sprays to abrading block and brick face;
Or, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood simultaneously from the side of the bottom of grinding head body and negative-pressure dust suction hood, and sprays to mill Block and brick face;
Or, cold airflow enters in negative-pressure dust suction hood simultaneously from the cavity bottom surface of the bottom of grinding head body and negative-pressure dust suction hood, and sprays To abrading block and brick face.
3. the dry throwing method in pottery brick brick face according to claim 1, it is characterised in that air in step 1, cold wind and/ Or cooling wind drops to -10 DEG C~10 DEG C.
4. a kind of dry polishing system of application claims 1 to 3 any one methods described, including frame and it is used in combination in frame In the conveyer belt of transmission pottery brick, it is characterised in that also including the brick face grinding attachment above conveyer belt, for by sky The air compression plant that gas, cold wind and/or cooling wind are pressurizeed, and for conveying what is be pressed to form by air compression plant The air delivery device of cold airflow;
Brick face grinding attachment include grinding head body, the abrading block in grinding head body, drive grinding head body motion drive device with And the negative-pressure dust suction hood of the grinding head body is covered, the negative-pressure dust suction hood is the structure of under shed, and its side wall is provided with dust suction Mouthful, during work, the upper surface of the pottery brick of the lower end of negative-pressure dust suction hood laminating processing or set with the upper surface of pottery brick There is minim gap;
During work, the cold airflow of pressurization is led in negative-pressure dust suction hood and pushed down on by air delivery device, after cold airflow runs into brick face Produce the air-flow of horizontal direction, the air-flow of horizontal direction to blow away the abrasive dust being attached on brick face, and take away the heat in brick face, level The air-flow of flowing is flipped up after running into the side wall of negative-pressure dust suction hood towards grinding head body direction, and blows to grinding head body, so as to be formed Continuously airflow circulating.
5. dry polishing system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the frame is provided with work along pottery brick conveying direction Make platform, the side of the workbench is provided with the secondary dust suction dress that dust and abrasive dust in pottery brick edge are diffused for absorbing Put, the secondary dust exhaust apparatus include the sweep-up pipe that dust absorption fan and dust absorption fan connect and for sucking dust and abrasive dust Dust catcher group.
6. dry polishing system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the sweep-up pipe includes that the first sweep-up pipe and second is inhaled Dirt pipe, the dust catcher group includes the first dust catcher group and the second dust catcher group, first sweep-up pipe and the second sweep-up pipe One end is connected with dust absorption fan, and the other end connects one to one with the first dust catcher group and the second dust catcher group respectively, described First dust catcher group and the second dust catcher group are respectively arranged on the both sides of workbench, the equal direction of secondary suction port of the dust catcher group Workbench.
7. dry polishing system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that also cool down dress including the belt below conveyer belt Put, the belt cooling device include cooling admission line and the tracheae distribution duct that connects of cooling admission line and with gas Multiple bronchials of pipe distribution duct connection, the end of each bronchial is equipped with towards the cold air of conveyor belt surface sprays Mouth.
8. dry polishing system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the air delivery device is included for the cold airflow that circulates Breather line, for the breather check valve that controls cold airflow in breather line to be circulated to brick face grinding attachment direction and Pneumatic operated valve for controlling breather line break-make, by air compression plant pressurization after cold airflow flow into breather line in and according to It is secondary by flowing to brick face grinding attachment after pneumatic operated valve and breather check valve.
9. dry polishing system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the negative-pressure dust suction hood includes fixed cover and activity Cover, the bottom of chamber of the fixed cover is covered by the bistrique that fastener is fixed on grinding head body upper end, wherein fixed cover and movable guard One side wall is fixed by connecting the relatively turnable connection of hinge, another side wall by linking lock.
10. dry polishing system according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the lower end of the fixed cover and movable guard is fixed and connected It is connected to a circle caulking gum skirt.
CN201710134426.XA 2017-03-08 2017-03-08 Do the dry polishing system of throwing method and application the method in a kind of pottery brick brick face Pending CN106914800A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107696259A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-02-16 刘秀芬 A kind of material of brick production processing unit (plant)
CN111687727A (en) * 2019-03-15 2020-09-22 嘉睿工业有限公司 Dustproof structure of pneumatic grinding device
CN112847107A (en) * 2021-01-02 2021-05-28 河北中科同创科技发展有限公司 Material chemical polishing equipment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107696259A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-02-16 刘秀芬 A kind of material of brick production processing unit (plant)
CN111687727A (en) * 2019-03-15 2020-09-22 嘉睿工业有限公司 Dustproof structure of pneumatic grinding device
CN111687727B (en) * 2019-03-15 2021-08-20 嘉睿工业有限公司 Dustproof structure of pneumatic grinding device
CN112847107A (en) * 2021-01-02 2021-05-28 河北中科同创科技发展有限公司 Material chemical polishing equipment

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