CN108406608A - Mix the method and its special equipment of water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer - Google Patents

Mix the method and its special equipment of water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108406608A
CN108406608A CN201810250489.6A CN201810250489A CN108406608A CN 108406608 A CN108406608 A CN 108406608A CN 201810250489 A CN201810250489 A CN 201810250489A CN 108406608 A CN108406608 A CN 108406608A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mortar
oxide layer
mounting cup
water
steel
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Pending
Application number
CN201810250489.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁国庆
丁国民
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Jiaxing Xinyuan Steel Tube Technology Co Ltd
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Jiaxing Xinyuan Steel Tube Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Jiaxing Xinyuan Steel Tube Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiaxing Xinyuan Steel Tube Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810250489.6A priority Critical patent/CN108406608A/en
Publication of CN108406608A publication Critical patent/CN108406608A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C1/00Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods
    • B24C1/08Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods for polishing surfaces, e.g. smoothing a surface by making use of liquid-borne abrasives
    • B24C1/086Descaling; Removing coating films
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C7/00Equipment for feeding abrasive material; Controlling the flowability, constitution, or other physical characteristics of abrasive blasts
    • B24C7/0007Equipment for feeding abrasive material; Controlling the flowability, constitution, or other physical characteristics of abrasive blasts the abrasive material being fed in a liquid carrier
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C9/00Appurtenances of abrasive blasting machines or devices, e.g. working chambers, arrangements for handling used abrasive material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C9/00Appurtenances of abrasive blasting machines or devices, e.g. working chambers, arrangements for handling used abrasive material
    • B24C9/006Treatment of used abrasive material

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of technical field of removal steel surface oxide layer, the especially a kind of method and its special equipment of removal steel heat treatment oxide layer;The purpose of the present invention is to provide methods and its special equipment that a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel of physical removal steel surface heat-treatment oxidation layer are heat-treated oxide layer;Water and sand are stirred evenly and mortar are made by the first step, and the volume ratio of sand and water is 15~20% etc.;The method and its special equipment of a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer designed by the present invention, change the mode that original chemistry removes removing oxide layer, the oxide layer of steel surface is removed by using the removing method of pure physics, to will not the performance original to steel damage, it will not pollute the environment, and the sand and water used the problem of can also re-starting recycling, wastage of material will not be caused, greatly reduce cost.

Description

Mix the method and its special equipment of water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of technical field of removal steel surface oxide layer, especially a kind of removal steel are heat-treated oxygen Change the method and its special equipment of layer.
Background technology
Steel can form layer of oxide layer through Overheating Treatment rear surface, in order to which the oxide layer of steel surface is removed, mesh Preceding many enterprises are all to use steel being immersed in acid solution, are removed the oxide layer of steel surface by acid solution, Such as Patent No. 201610164946.0, patent name are a kind of prevention and removal brass part heat-treatment oxidation color or oxide skin Method, entire processing process be blanking forming → trichloro ethylene oil removing → Solvent degreasing → alkali oil removing → deionization Processing → drying → destressing heat treatment → except passivating film etc. is stablized in washing → corrosion → passivation → flowing cool water is washed →, but logical These chemistry are crossed to go the method for removing oxide layer there are following disadvantages:First, due to acid solution be not by manual control, Therefore it needs to select suitable acid flux material according to demand, if the acid solution of selection is improper, it is original also to destroy steel Properties;Second, when using acid solution, worker needs to wear dedicated gloves and protective garment, safety cap, not so can be to work It is artificial at certain damage;Third, the acid solution after use generally all can arbitrarily be handled by worker, and such processing mode Certain pollution can be caused to ambient soil;4th, due to the case where needing the processing of steel surface oxide layer according to order It carries out, so for a long time, then again when next group steel need processing acid solution can not possibly be stored after one use It is used, therefore there is also the serious and of high cost disadvantages of waste.
It is solved in view of the above problems, being badly in need of us.
Invention content
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of physical removal steel surface heat-treatment oxidations The method and its special equipment of the mixing water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer of layer.
In order to achieve the above object, a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel designed by the present invention are heat-treated oxide layer Method, steps are as follows:
Water and sand are stirred evenly and mortar are made by the first step, and the volume ratio of sand and water is 15~20%;This point is very Important, uniform mortar is the basis for ensureing follow-up work and stablizing, the ratio of sand and water it is excessive or too small being all unfavorable for plus Work, it is illegal to guarantee the oxide layer removal of steel surface to be processed totally;
Second step, mortar, which is transported under the action of delivery pump in mortar proportional controller, carries out proportion adjustment so that sand with The weight ratio of water reaches 7~8:2~3, most preferably 7.5:2.5, to isolate the most work for removing removing oxide layer in injection In inoperative low pressure water, in theory, be obtain high speed kinetic energy sand grains strike and grinding steel surface oxidation Layer, then the mortar after proportioning is evenly distributed and is transported in multiple spray guns, and by uniform distributor in the work of high pressure water With the lower power for supplying an injection to mortar lifting so that mortar is sprayed outward with high speed, and is between steel to be processed and spray gun Relative motion, to enable mortar to be uniformly injected in the surface of steel to be processed, and by the oxidation of steel surface to be processed Layer removal is clean, and the arrangement form between multiple spray guns is arranged according to the shape of steel to be processed, such as circle The steel of hollow tubular are arranged with the spread pattern of concentric circles between multiple spray guns, for rectangular steel plate, multiple spray guns it Between in the form of arranged in a straight line be arranged, for small-bore circular hollow tubulose steel, spirally arranged between multiple spray guns Form is arranged.
In order to make steel to be processed after being handled by lance ejection, the surface of steel will not be stained with sand, can also have Third walks, and third step is the surface of steel to be rinsed with water by wiper mechanism, and water here can pass through sand in second step The excessive low pressure water that slurry proportional controller is separated.
In order to reduce production cost, the mortar and high pressure water that lance ejection in second step comes out can be recycled, and It recycles.
In order to achieve the above object, a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer designed by the present invention is set Standby, it includes controller, feeding mechanism, discharging mechanism, mortar mixer structure, multiple spray guns, water tank, high-pressure hydraulic pump, mortar Proportional controller, uniform distributor, the mounting cup of stereochemical structure and mortar recycle integrated cabinet;It is on one that mortar, which recycles integrated cabinet, Holding the bottom for recycling integrated cabinet in mortar in unclosed end face and hollow box body structure to set, there are one the interfaces that discharges, and lead to It crosses connecting tube to link into an integrated entity with mortar mixer structure, be transported in mortar mixer structure to enable mortar to recycle again; The top that mortar recycles integrated cabinet is equipped with the mounting cup of stereochemical structure, and one end of mounting cup is equipped with feed inlet, mounting cup it is another End is equipped with discharge port, and feed inlet is overlapped with the center line of discharge port, set on mounting cup there are one mortar discharge port, and mortar Discharge port face mortar recycles integrated cabinet;It is being equipped with feeding mechanism close to one end of mounting cup feed inlet, is being gone out close to mounting cup One end of material mouth is equipped with discharging mechanism, and multiple spray guns are separately positioned on mounting cup inner wall, and the spray material port alignment of each spray gun The surface of steel to be processed, to enable the mortar sprayed in each spray gun to be sprayed onto the surface of steel to be processed;Mortar mixer Structure is attached by delivery pipe and mortar proportional controller, and delivery pump is equipped in delivery pipe;Mortar proportional controller is logical Connecting tube to be crossed to be attached with uniform distributor, uniform distributor is attached by more delivery pipes with multiple spray guns one by one, And mortar proportional controller is also attached with mortar mixer structure by sand recovery tube and water recovery tube respectively respectively, to Make mortar proportional controller when being matched to sand and water, water or sand extra in mortar proportional controller are returned Receipts are transported in mortar mixer structure;Water tank is attached by delivery pipe and spray gun, and high pressure is additionally provided in delivery pipe Water pump, so that the water being transported in spray gun becomes the high pressure water for having pressure;Controller passes through connecting line and charger respectively Structure, discharging mechanism, mortar mixer structure, spray gun, delivery pump, high-pressure hydraulic pump, mortar ratio adjuster and uniform distributor carry out Connection, to control feeding mechanism, discharging mechanism, mortar mixer structure, spray gun, delivery pump, high-pressure hydraulic pump, mortar ratio respectively Adjuster and uniform distributor work.
Can also include rack to ensure that mortar recycling bins keep preferable stability during the work time, mortar returns Integrated cabinet is received to be fixed on the rack.
In order to make the better protecting effect of mounting cup, mounting cup go out in hollow and sealing cylindrical structure, mounting cup Expect that end is in hollow conical structure;Or the discharge end and feed end of mounting cup are in hollow conical structure, and the circle of discharge end The center of circle of the heart and feed end is additionally provided with cascade in same level at the feed inlet of mounting cup, to subtract stagnant high energy sand grains Expense subtract with secondary direct collision, and the low pressure water that mortar proportional controller is separated may be used in the water of cascade here.
A kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer equipment designed by the present invention can be to large-diameter steel The oxide layer of material, small-bore steel and plate class steel surface is removed, and in order to ensure that oxide layer can remove totally, is being processed Has the function of stable, efficient, energy-saving and water-saving in the process;The effect of the oxide layer removal of heavy caliber steel surface is reached most It is good, it is arranged on mounting cup inner wall in the form of concentric arrays between multiple spray guns;In order to make the Surface Oxygen of small-bore steel The effect for changing layer removal reaches best, the production and installation of convenient adjacent spray gun two-by-two, is spirally arranged between multiple spray guns Row form is arranged on the inner wall of mounting cup;In order to make the oxide layer removal effect of plate class steel surface reach best, installing At least provided with two spray guns on the inner wall of cover, two spray guns are in being oppositely arranged, and the center line phase of the center line of spray gun and mounting cup Simultaneously in an angle, angle is 40~60 ° to shape for friendship.
In order to make heavy caliber circular tube shaped steel and small-bore circular tube shaped steel after entering in mounting cup, Bu Huiyin Can also include guidance set, in mounting cup close to one end of feeding mechanism to be subjected to displacement under the action of spray gun impact force And it is equipped with guidance set along the axial direction of mounting cup, guidance set is the guide pipe of a hollow structure, and in guide pipe Heart line is overlapped with the center line of mounting cup;Or guidance set be a directive wheel, and the center line of the guide groove on directive wheel with The center line of mounting cup overlaps.
In order to which sand, water and the oxide layer in mortar recycling bins are recycled respectively, can also include it is dry or Wet dual-purpose electromagnetic separator and oxide layer recycling bins, recycling the discharging interface connection of integrated cabinet in mortar, there are one electromagnetism point From device, electromagnetic separator is attached by No.1 recovery tube and mortar mixer structure, and electromagnetic separator passes through No. two recovery tubes It is attached with water tank, electromagnetic separator is connect by No. three recovery tubes with oxide layer recycling bins, and electromagnetic separator passes through Connecting line is connect with controller, so that can mortar be recycled the sand to combine together in integrated cabinet under the action of electromagnetic separator Sub, water and the oxide layer removed detach and be recycled by corresponding recovery tube.
In order to be accurately transported to steel to be processed in mounting cup by feeding mechanism, will not be subjected to displacement; Feeding mechanism is made of pedestal, No.1 motor, more shafts, delivery wheel and stable pinch roller, and more shafts are arranged with identical spacing Upper surface in base length direction is linked into an integrated entity between adjacent shaft by sprocket wheel two-by-two, No.1 motor and wherein one Root shaft is attached, and to drive shaft to rotate, there are one delivery wheels for set on the outer wall of every shaft, in the outer of delivery wheel Periphery is equipped with the groove for placing steel, and the center line of the groove is overlapped with the center line of the feed inlet on mounting cup; It is equipped with stable pinch roller right over one or more delivery wheels wherein, and stablizes between pinch roller and delivery wheel and has gap, The size in gap steel to be processed enough pass through, and are delivered in mounting cup;Of course for can be according to steel to be processed The gap stablized between pinch roller and delivery wheel is adjusted in size, to meet the requirement of actual production.
Above-mentioned discharging mechanism is identical as the structure of feeding mechanism, and in order to make feeding mechanism and the guiding in discharging mechanism Wheel will not cause steel surface to scratch or destroy, directive wheel is made of rubber material when being contacted with steel surface.
Above-mentioned mortar mixer structure is made of outer barrel, inner cylinder, No. two motors and mixing component, and outer barrel is one Upper end is in unclosed end face and hollow cylindrical structure, and in the inner cylinder that is internally provided with of outer barrel, the length of inner cylinder is The half of outer barrel body length, and the upper end of inner cylinder is full-closed structure, the lower end of inner cylinder is unclosed structure, inner cylinder There is gap between the bottom of body and the bottom of outer barrel, to make the gap between the inner wall of outer barrel and the outer wall of inner cylinder Place forms sand material flow chamber, and the inside of inner cylinder is that chamber is mixed;It is equipped with mixing component, No. two electricity in interior inner barrel Machine is connect with mixing component, and No. two motors are connect by connecting line with controller, is set there are one sand export in inner cylinder upper end, And the sand export on inner cylinder is linked into an integrated entity with mortar proportional controller by connecting tube.
In order to make steel to be processed after being handled by lance ejection, the surface of steel will not be stained with sand, can also wrap Include wiper mechanism, wiper mechanism is arranged in the top of mounting cup top discharge mouth, wiper mechanism be a flush pipe with water tank into Row connection, is equipped with valve in flush pipe, to be rinsed the surface of steel by the water in water tank, and due to cleaning The top in mounting cup discharge port one end is arranged in mechanism, that is, the top that integrated cabinet is recycled in mortar is arranged, to rinse steel The water of material can also automatically flow into be recycled in mortar recycling integrated cabinet, and is recycled.
The mixing water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer equipment operation principle be:The first step, first by sand with Water is uniformly mixed into mortar by mortar mixer structure;Second step, it would be desirable to which the steel of surface oxide layer removal are placed on charging In mechanism, steel are delivered at mounting cup under the action of feeding mechanism, at the same time, the mortar quilt in mortar mixer structure It is transported in mortar proportional controller, the water in water tank is also driven by high-pressure hydraulic pump in mortar proportional controller, spray gun Mortar will be sprayed towards steel through the mortar obtained by mortar proportional controller, to remove the oxide layer of steel surface, finally It discharges from discharging mechanism;Third walks, and the mortar sprayed from spray gun can be fallen in mortar recycling integrated cabinet, and steel surface removal Oxide layer can also be fallen in mortar recycling integrated cabinet, and mortar is then recycled the sand in integrated cabinet under the action of electromagnetic separator Son, water also have oxide layer to be detached respectively, and the sand separated finally is re-delivered to setting in mortar mixer structure Expect in chamber, the water separated is re-delivered in water tank, the oxide layer separated is transported to oxide layer recycling In case, the steel-making so that oxide layer can take away.
According to the above, a kind of mixing water-jet type designed by the present invention removes the method that steel are heat-treated oxide layer And its special equipment, the mode that original chemistry removes removing oxide layer is changed, by using the removing method of pure physics to steel table The oxide layer in face removes, to will not the performance original to steel damage, will not pollute the environment, and use The problem of sand and water can also re-start recycling, will not cause wastage of material, greatly reduces cost.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention in embodiment 2;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of mortar mixer structure in embodiment 2;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of feeding mechanism in embodiment 2.
Specific implementation mode
Implement:1:
A kind of method of mixing water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer designed by the present invention, steps are as follows:
Water and sand are stirred evenly and mortar are made by the first step, and the volume ratio of sand and water is 18%;This point is critically important, Uniform mortar is the basis for ensureing follow-up work and stablizing, and the ratio of sand and water is excessive or the too small processing being all unfavorable for, no Method guarantees the oxide layer removal of steel surface to be processed is clean;
Second step, mortar, which is transported under the action of delivery pump in mortar proportional controller, carries out proportion adjustment so that sand with The weight ratio of water reaches 7.5:2.5, to isolate the most inoperative low pressure in the work that removing oxide layer is removed in injection Water is in theory the oxide layer of the sand grains strike and grinding steel surface that obtain high speed kinetic energy, then will be after proportioning Mortar is evenly distributed by uniform distributor and is transported in multiple spray guns, and supplies one to mortar lifting under the action of high pressure water The power of injection so that mortar is in relative motion with high speed injection outward between steel to be processed and spray gun, to make mortar It can be uniformly injected in the surface of steel to be processed, and the oxide layer of steel surface to be processed is removed totally, and multiple sprays Arrangement form between rifle is arranged according to the shape of steel to be processed, such as the steel for circular hollow tubulose, multiple It is to be arranged with the spread pattern of concentric circles between spray gun, for rectangular steel plate, between multiple spray guns in the form of arranged in a straight line Setting, for small-bore circular hollow tubulose steel, spirally spread pattern is arranged between multiple spray guns.
Third walks, and the surface of steel is rinsed with water by wiper mechanism, and water here can pass through sand in second step The excessive low pressure water that slurry proportional controller is separated.
Embodiment 2:
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel of the present embodiment description are heat-treated oxide layer Equipment, it include rack 1, controller 2, feeding mechanism 3, discharging mechanism 4,5, four spray guns 6 of mortar mixer structure, water tank 7, High-pressure hydraulic pump 8, mortar proportional controller 9, the mounting cup 10 of stereochemical structure, mortar recycling bins integrated cabinet 11, guidance set 12, electricity Magnetic separator 13, oxide layer recycling bins 14 and uniform distributor 15;Mortar recycling bins integrated cabinet 11, mortar are equipped in rack 1 Recycling bins integrated cabinet 11 is that a upper end is in unclosed end face and hollow box body structure, in mortar recycling bins integrated cabinet 11 Bottom is set there are one the interface that discharges, and is linked into an integrated entity by connecting tube and mortar mixer structure 5;Integrated cabinet 11 is recycled in mortar Top be equipped with the mounting cup 10 of stereochemical structure, be equipped with feed inlet in one end of mounting cup 10, the other end of mounting cup 10 is equipped with Discharge port, and feed inlet is overlapped with the center line of discharge port, and mortar discharge port, and mortar discharge port position are equipped on mounting cup 10 The surface of integrated cabinet 11 is recycled in mortar;It is being equipped with feeding mechanism 3 close to one end of 10 feed inlet of mounting cup, close to installation The one end for covering 10 discharge ports is equipped with discharging mechanism 4, and four spray guns 6 are positioned close to feeding mechanism 3 in such a way that concentric circles is distributed On 10 inner wall of mounting cup of side, and the spray material port of each spray gun 6 is directed at the surface of steel to be processed;Mounting cup 10 close into Expect one end of mechanism 3 and be equipped with guidance set 12 along the axial direction of mounting cup 10, guidance set 12 is a guide pipe, is oriented to The center line of pipe is overlapped with the center line of mounting cup 10, and guide pipe is connect by connecting rod with the inner wall of mounting cup 10;Mortar is mixed It closes mechanism 5 to be attached by delivery pipe and mortar proportional controller 9, and is equipped with delivery pump in delivery pipe;Mortar ratio tune Section device 9 is attached by connecting tube and uniform distributor 15, and uniform distributor 15 passes through four delivery pipes and four spray guns 6 one One is attached, and mortar proportional controller 9 also respectively by sand recovery tube and water recovery tube respectively with mortar mixer structure 5 It is attached;Water tank 7 is attached by delivery pipe and spray gun 6, and high-pressure hydraulic pump 8 is additionally provided in delivery pipe;In mortar The discharging interface connection of integrated cabinet 11 is recycled there are one electromagnetic separator 13, electromagnetic separator 13 passes through No.1 recovery tube and sand Slurry mixed organization 5 is attached, and electromagnetic separator 13 is attached by No. two recovery tubes with water tank 7, electromagnetic separator 13 It is connect with oxide layer recycling bins 14 by No. three recovery tubes;As feeding mechanism 3 with the structure of discharging mechanism 4 is, charger Structure 3 is made of pedestal 3-1, No.1 motor 3-2, five shaft 3-3, delivery wheel 3-4 and stable pinch roller 3-5, five shaft 3-3 It is arranged in the upper surface of pedestal 3-1 length directions with identical spacing, connects into one by sprocket wheel between adjacent shaft 3-3 two-by-two Body, No.1 motor 3-2 are attached with a wherein shaft 3-3, and there are one delivery wheel 3- for set on the outer wall of every shaft 3-3 4, the groove for placing steel is equipped on the outer circumference surface of delivery wheel 3-4, and on the center line of the groove and mounting cup 10 The center line of feed inlet overlaps;Stable pinch roller 3-5 is equipped with right over the delivery wheel 3-4 of front end and least significant end, and steady There is gap between level pressure wheel 3-5 and delivery wheel 3-4, the size steel to be processed enough in the gap pass through;Mortar mixer structure 5 It is made of outer barrel 5-1, inner cylinder 5-2, No. two motor 5-3 and mixing component 5-4, outer barrel 5-1 is that a upper end is in not seal The end face closed and hollow cylindrical structure, are internally provided with inner cylinder 5-2, the length of inner cylinder 5-2 is outer in outer barrel 5-1 The half of cylinder 5-1 length, and the upper end of inner cylinder 5-2 is full-closed structure, the lower end of inner cylinder 5-2 is unclosed knot Structure has gap between the bottom and the bottom of outer barrel 5-1 of inner cylinder 5-2, to make the inner wall and inner cylinder of outer barrel 5-1 Gap between the outer wall of 5-2 forms sand material flow chamber, and the inside of inner cylinder 5-2 is that chamber is mixed;In inner cylinder 5-2 is internally provided with mixing component 5-4, and No. two motor 5-3 are connect with mixing component 5-4, and No. two motor 5-3 pass through connecting line and control Device 2 processed connects, and sets that there are one sand exports in the upper ends inner cylinder 5-2, and by connecting tube by inner cylinder 5-2 sand export with Mortar proportional controller 9 links into an integrated entity;Controller 2 passes through connecting line and feeding mechanism 3, discharging mechanism 4, spray gun 6, height respectively Water pump 8, mortar ratio adjuster 9, electromagnetic separator 13 and uniform distributor 15 are attached, to control feeding mechanism 3, discharging mechanism 4, spray gun 6, high-pressure hydraulic pump 8, mortar proportional controller 9, electromagnetic separator 13 and uniform distributor 15 carry out work Make.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of method of mixing water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer, it is characterised in that:
Water and sand are stirred evenly and mortar are made by the first step, and the volume ratio of sand and water is 15~20%;
Second step, mortar, which is transported under the action of delivery pump in mortar proportional controller, carries out proportion adjustment so that sand with The weight ratio of water reaches 7~8:2~3, it is gone with to isolate most in injection inoperative low in the work of removing oxide layer Water is pressed, the mortar after proportioning is evenly distributed by uniform distributor then and is transported in multiple spray guns, and in high pressure water The power of an injection is supplied under effect to mortar lifting so that mortar is sprayed outward with high speed, and between steel to be processed and spray gun In relative motion, to enable mortar to be uniformly injected in the surface of steel to be processed, and by the oxygen of steel surface to be processed It is clean to change layer removal, wherein for the steel of circular hollow tubulose, between multiple spray guns be arranged with the spread pattern of concentric circles, For rectangular steel plate, it is arranged in the form of arranged in a straight line between multiple spray guns, for small-bore circular hollow tubulose steel, Spirally spread pattern is arranged between multiple spray guns.
2. a kind of method of mixing water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer according to claim 1, feature exist In:Third step is that the surface of steel is rinsed with water by wiper mechanism.
3. a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel are heat-treated oxide layer equipment, it is characterised in that:It includes controller, charger Structure, discharging mechanism, mortar mixer structure, multiple spray guns, water tank, high-pressure hydraulic pump, mortar proportional controller, uniform distributor, The mounting cup and mortar of stereochemical structure recycle integrated cabinet;It is upper end in unclosed end face and hollow that mortar, which recycles integrated cabinet, Box body structure, the bottom that integrated cabinet is recycled in mortar sets there are one the interface that discharges, and passes through connecting tube and mortar mixer structure It links into an integrated entity;The top that integrated cabinet is recycled in mortar is equipped with the mounting cup of stereochemical structure, and one end of mounting cup is equipped with feed inlet, The other end of mounting cup is equipped with discharge port, and feed inlet is overlapped with the center line of discharge port, set on mounting cup there are one mortar Discharge port, and mortar discharge port face mortar recycles integrated cabinet;It is being equipped with feeding mechanism close to one end of mounting cup feed inlet, It is equipped with discharging mechanism close to one end of mounting cup discharge port, multiple spray guns are separately positioned on mounting cup inner wall, and each spray gun Spray material port be directed at the surfaces of steel to be processed;Mortar mixer structure is attached by delivery pipe and mortar proportional controller, And delivery pump is equipped in delivery pipe;Mortar proportional controller is attached by connecting tube and uniform distributor, is evenly distributed Device is attached by more delivery pipes with multiple spray guns one by one, and mortar proportional controller also respectively by sand recovery tube and Water recovery tube is attached with mortar mixer structure respectively;Water tank is attached by delivery pipe and spray gun, and in delivery pipe On be additionally provided with high-pressure hydraulic pump;Controller is respectively by connecting line and feeding mechanism, discharging mechanism, mortar mixer structure, spray gun, defeated Pump, high-pressure hydraulic pump, mortar ratio adjuster and uniform distributor is sent to be attached.
4. a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel according to claim 3 are heat-treated oxide layer equipment, it is characterised in that: For mounting cup in hollow and sealing cylindrical structure, the discharge end of mounting cup is in hollow conical structure;Or the discharging of mounting cup End and feed end are in hollow conical structure, and the center of circle of discharge end and the center of circle of feed end are being pacified in same level It fills and is additionally provided with cascade at the feed inlet of cover.
5. a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel according to claim 3 or 4 are heat-treated oxide layer equipment, feature exists In:It is arranged on mounting cup inner wall in the form of concentric arrays between multiple spray guns;Or it is spirally arranged between multiple spray guns Row form is arranged on the inner wall of mounting cup;Or at least provided with two spray guns on the inner wall of mounting cup, two spray guns are in opposite set Set, and the center line of spray gun intersect with the center line of mounting cup and shape in an angle, angle is 40~60 °.
6. a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel according to claim 3 or 4 are heat-treated oxide layer equipment, feature exists In:Further include guidance set, mounting cup close to one end of feeding mechanism and along the axial direction of mounting cup be equipped with guidance set, Guidance set is the guide pipe of a hollow structure, and the center line of guide pipe is overlapped with the center line of mounting cup;Or guiding group Part is a directive wheel, and the center line of the guide groove on directive wheel is overlapped with the center line of mounting cup.
7. a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel according to claim 3 are heat-treated oxide layer equipment, it is characterised in that: Further include dry or wet dual-purpose electromagnetic separator and oxide layer recycling bins, the discharging interface that integrated cabinet is recycled in mortar is connected with One electromagnetic separator, electromagnetic separator are attached by No.1 recovery tube and mortar mixer structure, and electromagnetic separator passes through No. two recovery tubes are attached with water tank, and electromagnetic separator is connect by No. three recovery tubes with oxide layer recycling bins, and electromagnetism Separator is connect by connecting line with controller.
8. a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel according to claim 3 are heat-treated oxide layer equipment, it is characterised in that: Feeding mechanism is made of pedestal, No.1 motor, more shafts, delivery wheel and stable pinch roller, and more shafts are arranged with identical spacing Upper surface in base length direction is linked into an integrated entity between adjacent shaft by sprocket wheel two-by-two, No.1 motor and wherein one Root shaft is attached, and there are one delivery wheels for set on the outer wall of every shaft, are equipped on the outer circumference surface of delivery wheel for putting The groove of steel is set, and the center line of the groove is overlapped with the center line of the feed inlet on mounting cup;It is one or more wherein It is equipped with stable pinch roller right over delivery wheel, and stablizes between pinch roller and delivery wheel and has gap.
9. a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel according to claim 3 are heat-treated oxide layer equipment, it is characterised in that: Mortar mixer structure is made of outer barrel, inner cylinder, No. two motors and mixing component, and outer barrel is a upper end in unclosed End face and hollow cylindrical structure, in the inner cylinder that is internally provided with of outer barrel, the length of inner cylinder is the two of outer barrel body length / mono-, and the upper end of inner cylinder is full-closed structure, the lower end of inner cylinder is unclosed structure, the bottom of inner cylinder and outer barrel There is gap between the bottom of body, it is dynamic to make the gap between the inner wall of outer barrel and the outer wall of inner cylinder form sand stream Chamber, the inside of inner cylinder are that chamber is mixed;It is equipped with mixing component in interior inner barrel, No. two motors connect with mixing component It connects, No. two motors are connect by connecting line with controller, are set there are one sand export in inner cylinder upper end, and passing through connecting tube will Sand export on inner cylinder links into an integrated entity with mortar proportional controller.
10. a kind of mixing water-jet type removal steel according to claim 3 or 4 are heat-treated oxide layer equipment, feature It is:Further include wiper mechanism, wiper mechanism is arranged in the top of mounting cup top discharge mouth, wiper mechanism be a flush pipe with Water tank is attached, and valve is equipped in flush pipe.
CN201810250489.6A 2018-03-26 2018-03-26 Mix the method and its special equipment of water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer Pending CN108406608A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810250489.6A CN108406608A (en) 2018-03-26 2018-03-26 Mix the method and its special equipment of water-jet type removal steel heat treatment oxide layer

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109500745A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-03-22 中车沈阳机车车辆有限公司 A kind of vehicle wheel is to derusting system
CN109518197A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-03-26 四川天宏不锈钢有限责任公司 A kind of production technology of hot rolling anacidity pickling low carbon steel plate

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109518197A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-03-26 四川天宏不锈钢有限责任公司 A kind of production technology of hot rolling anacidity pickling low carbon steel plate
CN109500745A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-03-22 中车沈阳机车车辆有限公司 A kind of vehicle wheel is to derusting system

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