CN209749073U - soil loosening and weeding machine for shiny-leaved yellowhorn orchard - Google Patents

soil loosening and weeding machine for shiny-leaved yellowhorn orchard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209749073U
CN209749073U CN201920211005.7U CN201920211005U CN209749073U CN 209749073 U CN209749073 U CN 209749073U CN 201920211005 U CN201920211005 U CN 201920211005U CN 209749073 U CN209749073 U CN 209749073U
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plate
soil
weeding
orchard
shaking
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CN201920211005.7U
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王天运
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Gansu Maoqun Tianyun Wenguanguo Development Co Ltd
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Gansu Maoqun Tianyun Wenguanguo Development Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a soil loosening and weeding machine for a shinyleaf orchard; the weeding collecting device comprises a subsoiler and a weeding collecting device, wherein the weeding collecting device comprises a connecting frame and a screening collecting device; wherein, the connecting frame is fixedly connected with the rear side of the subsoiler; the screening and collecting device comprises a soil lifting shovel, a shaking sieve plate, a collecting tank and a shaking transmission structure, wherein the soil lifting shovel, the shaking sieve plate and the collecting tank are sequentially fixed on the lower side of the connecting frame, the shaking sieve plate is connected between the soil lifting shovel and the collecting tank in a linking mode, and the shaking transmission structure is arranged on the connecting frame and connected with the shaking sieve plate; the utility model discloses can realize the effective collection of grass root, avoid being giving birth to weeds because of there being grass root in the soil layer, the weeding effect is better.

Description

Soil loosening and weeding machine for shiny-leaved yellowhorn orchard
Technical Field
the utility model belongs to the technical field of agricultural machine, concretely relates to weeder loosens soil in shiny orchard.
Background
In the orchard of shiny-leaved yellowhorn, need utilize weeding equipment to clear up the weeds between the fruit tree of adjacent two rows, current weeding equipment that loosens the soil can be realized loosening the soil and can realize weeding function again, it mainly realizes weeding through the cover burying mode to the grass to loosen the soil the in-process at weeding in-process, the degree of depth that practical application process roots were buried is different, it can grow out weeds influence the growth of shiny-leaved yellowhorn once more to bury shallow roots, consequently, current weeding equipment has the problem of the not good effect of weeding, there is the structural style that realizes the roots collection through setting up the rake among the prior art, nevertheless weeds usually cohere the soil block, block up the rake teeth clearance of rake easily, make the rake shovel with the soil layer at last, the realization roots that can not be fine are collected.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a soil loosening and weeding machine for a shinyleaf yellowhorn orchard, aiming at the defects in the prior art; can realize the effective collection of grass roots, avoid the weeds regenerated because of the grass roots in the soil layer, and have better weeding effect.
in order to realize the purpose, the utility model adopts the technical scheme that:
The utility model provides a weeder loosens soil in shiny orchard, includes subsoiler and weeding collection device, weeding collection device includes:
The connecting frame is fixedly connected to the rear side of the subsoiler;
Screening collection device, it includes plays soil spade, shake sieve, collecting vat and shake transmission structure, play soil spade, shake sieve and collecting vat and fix in proper order at the linking frame downside, the shake sieve links up between soil spade and collecting vat, shake transmission structure and establish on the linking frame and be connected with the shake sieve.
Further, the shake transmission structure comprises a gearbox, a rotating rod, a swinging rod, a lifting plate and a guide plate, wherein the gearbox is arranged on the upper side of the connecting frame, one end of the rotating rod is fixed on an output shaft of the gearbox, one end of the swinging rod is hinged to the other end of the rotating rod, one end of the lifting plate is hinged to the other end of the swinging rod, the other end of the lifting plate is fixedly connected with the shake sieve plate, and the guide plate is sleeved on the lifting plate and connected with the connecting frame.
Further, the shaking sieve plate is arranged in a high-front-low-back mode and comprises a first fixing plate, a second fixing plate and a connecting rod, the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate are arranged at the front and back of the shaking sieve plate at intervals, and the connecting rods are connected between the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate and arranged at equal intervals.
Furthermore, the soil lifting shovel comprises a shovel plate and first connecting plates arranged at two ends of the shovel plate, the first connecting plates are fixedly connected with the connecting frame, and the shovel plate is obliquely arranged.
Further, the collecting groove comprises a second connecting plate, arc-shaped rods and side baffles, the second connecting plate is fixed on the connecting frame, the arc-shaped rods are arranged on the second connecting plate at equal intervals, and the side baffles are fixed at two ends of the second connecting plate.
The utility model has the advantages that:
The utility model mainly realizes the function of loosening the soil by utilizing the conventional three-point suspension type subsoiler, and simultaneously realizes certain cutting and burying functions on weeds by the subsoiler; and weeding collection device utilizes the shovel that plays soil to shovel the soil layer and promotes, realize weeds cutting and transport effect, play soil shovel and carry the mixture of grass root and soil to the shake sieve of its rear side on, the shake sieve utilizes shake transmission structure to realize the shake from top to bottom, and filter the separation to weeds and soil, ruderal root system can be retained on the shake sieve, along with the shake of shake sieve and the advancing of whole equipment, the grass root after the separation can gather in the collecting vat, can effectively realize the collection of grass root like this, weeding effect is better.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a direction A-A of a vibrating screen deck in FIG. 1;
Fig. 3 is a schematic top view of the present invention.
Wherein: 1-deep scarifier; 2-a connection frame; 3-a gearbox; 4-rotating the rod; 5-oscillating bar; 6-lifting plate; 7-a guide plate; 8-a first fixing plate; 9-a second fixing plate; 10-a connecting rod; 11-a shovel plate; 12-a first connection plate; 13-a second connecting plate; 14-an arc-shaped rod; 15-side baffle.
Detailed Description
the preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings:
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, a scarification weeder for a shiny-leaved yellowhorn orchard comprises a subsoiler 1 and a weeding collecting device, wherein the weeding collecting device comprises a connecting frame 2 and a screening collecting device.
Wherein:
The subsoiler 1 adopts a conventional three-point suspension type subsoiler; the subsoiler 1 is primarily intended for loosening the soil, while the subsoiler 1 also serves the function of cutting and burying the weeds.
the connecting frame 2 is fixedly connected to the rear side of the subsoiler 1; the connecting frame 2 is in a lattice shape and is formed by connecting two connecting rods arranged in parallel at intervals and a plurality of fixing rods arranged between the two connecting rods, wherein the connecting rods are fixedly connected with the subsoiler 1.
The screening and collecting device comprises a soil lifting shovel, a shaking sieve plate, a collecting tank and a shaking transmission structure; the soil lifting shovel, the shaking sieve plate and the collecting tank are sequentially fixed on the lower side of the connecting frame 2, the shaking sieve plate is connected between the soil lifting shovel and the collecting tank, and the shaking transmission structure is arranged on the connecting frame 2 and connected with the shaking sieve plate; the soil lifting shovel is used for cutting grass roots and conveying a mixture of the grass roots and soil, and can also dig out grass roots buried deeply, so that the grass roots can be effectively collected; the shaking sieve plate is connected to the rear side of the soil lifting shovel and can shake up and down through the shaking transmission structure, so that soil on the shaking sieve plate can be screened out, grass can be reserved, and a large number of convex blocks carried by the collected grass roots can be avoided; the collecting tank is connected with the rear side of the shaking sieve plate and can be used for collecting grass roots; the shaking transmission structure can be connected with a rear output shaft of the agricultural tractor to realize the screening function of the shaking screen plate.
Specifically, the shaking transmission structure comprises a gearbox 3, a rotating rod 4, a swing rod 5, a lifting plate 6 and a guide plate 7; the gearbox 3 is arranged on the upper side of the connecting frame 2, and an input shaft of the gearbox 3 can be connected with a rear output shaft of the agricultural tractor through a universal coupling, so that variable-speed transmission of the gearbox 3 is realized; 4 one end of bull stick is fixed on 3 output shafts of gearbox, 5 one end of pendulum rod is articulated with 4 other ends of bull stick, 6 one end of lifter plate is articulated with 5 other ends of pendulum rod, the other end and shake sieve fixed connection, deflector 7 cover is established on lifter plate 6 and is connected with linking frame 2, is equipped with the through-hole with lifter plate 6 looks adaptation on the deflector 7, and this through-hole can make lifter plate 6 only can reciprocate, and bull stick 4, pendulum rod 5, lifter plate 6 and deflector 7 can constitute slider-crank mechanism, utilizes 3 output shafts of gearbox to provide power and makes lifter plate 6 realize reciprocal lift action under deflector 7 effects at last, can realize the upper and lower shake action of shake sieve finally.
The vibrating screen plate comprises a first fixing plate 8, a second fixing plate 9 and connecting rods 10, the first fixing plate 8 and the second fixing plate 9 are arranged at intervals from front to back, the first fixing plate 8 is slightly higher than the second fixing plate, the first fixing plate 8 is aligned with the upper edge of a shovel plate 11 of a soil shovel when running to the highest position, the first fixing plate 8 is integrally lower than the upper edge of the shovel plate 11 but higher than the lower edge of the shovel plate 11 when running to the lowest point, the second fixing plate 9 is always located above the second fixing plate, the connecting rods 10 are connected between the first fixing plate 8 and the second fixing plate 9 and arranged at equal intervals, the distance between every two adjacent connecting rods 10 can retain grass roots, and the distance between every two adjacent connecting rods 10 is preferably 15mm ~ 30 mm.
Specifically, the soil lifting shovel comprises a shovel plate 11 and first connecting plates 12 arranged at two ends of the shovel plate 11; the first connecting plate 12 is fixedly connected with the connecting frame 2, and the shovel plate 11 is obliquely arranged.
specifically, the collecting tank comprises a second connecting plate 13, an arc-shaped rod 14 and a side baffle 15; the second connecting plate 13 is fixed on the connecting frame 2, the arc-shaped rods 14 are arranged on the second connecting plate 13 at equal intervals, the side baffles 15 are fixed at two ends of the second connecting plate 13, and the side baffles 15 are used for preventing grass roots from being omitted from two sides of the collecting tank; the collecting vat has grid column structure in structural design, and the density that sets up of its arc pole 14 is greater than the density of connecting rod 10 on the shake sieve board, make adjacent arc pole 14 the interval be less than adjacent connecting rod 10 can, certain sieve soil effect can be realized to the collecting vat, avoids the grass root to carry a large amount of soil.
The utility model discloses a use method and theory of operation:
When the utility model is used, the subsoiler 1 is connected with the agricultural tractor by using the three-point suspension bracket, and the input shaft of the gearbox 3 is connected with the rear output shaft of the agricultural tractor; when the agricultural tractor controls the subsoiler 1 to dig into the soil, the digging depth of the shovel plate 11 is preferably kept to be not less than 5 cm; the agricultural tractor drives the subsoiler 1 and the weeding collecting device to synchronously move forwards in the forward process; the subsoiler 1 loosens soil, mows grass and buries grass; the weeding and collecting device shovels, lifts and conveys the soil processed by the subsoiler 1 to a shaking sieve plate at the rear side by utilizing a shovel plate 11 on the soil shovel at the rear side of the subsoiler 1, so that grass roots can be conveyed to the shaking sieve plate together; the shaking sieve plate shakes up and down under the action of the shaking transmission structure to realize the functions of crushing soil, sieving soil and separating weeds; the rear output shaft of the agricultural tractor drives the gearbox 3 to operate, the gearbox 3 drives the rotating rod 4 to rotate after decelerating, the rotating rod 4 drives the oscillating rod 5 to oscillate around the hinged end of the lifting plate 6 and the oscillating rod 5, the oscillating rod 5 simultaneously drives the lifting plate 6 to move up and down under the action of the guide plate 7, and the lifting plate 6 drives the shaking sieve plate to integrally move up and down in a reciprocating manner and shake the sieve plate up and down; the shaking sieve plate can realize the separation of grass roots and soil and the function of breaking soil blocks in the shaking process, the soil is discharged from the gap of the connecting rod 10, and the shaking sieve plate is arranged in a high front part and a low back part to promote the grass roots to move backwards continuously and to be finally accumulated in the collecting groove; the collecting tank has a grid-shaped structure, so that soil accumulated in the collecting tank can be discharged; when the grass roots after being collected are taken out, the grass roots can be pulled out of the shaking sieve plate from the front side of the collecting groove and then pulled out of the two sides of the shaking sieve plate.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a weeder loosens soil in shiny orchard, includes subsoiler (1) and weeding collection device, its characterized in that, weeding collection device includes:
The connecting frame (2) is fixedly connected to the rear side of the subsoiler (1);
screening collection device, it includes plays soil spade, shake sieve, collecting vat and shake transmission structure, play soil spade, shake sieve and collecting vat and fix in proper order at linking frame (2) downside, the shake sieve links up between playing soil spade and collecting vat, shake transmission structure and establish on linking frame (2) and be connected with the shake sieve.
2. a soil loosening and weeding machine for a xanthoceras sorbifolia orchard according to claim 1, wherein the shaking transmission structure comprises a gearbox (3), a rotating rod (4), a swinging rod (5), a lifting plate (6) and a guide plate (7), the gearbox (3) is arranged on the upper side of the connecting frame (2), one end of the rotating rod (4) is fixed on an output shaft of the gearbox (3), one end of the swinging rod (5) is hinged to the other end of the rotating rod (4), one end of the lifting plate (6) is hinged to the other end of the swinging rod (5), the other end of the lifting plate is fixedly connected with the shaking screen plate, and the guide plate (7) is sleeved on the lifting plate (6) and is connected with the connecting frame (2).
3. A soil loosening and weeding machine for a shinyle orchard according to claim 1, wherein the vibrating screen plate is arranged in a front-high and back-low manner and comprises a first fixing plate (8), a second fixing plate (9) and connecting rods (10), the first fixing plate (8) and the second fixing plate (9) are arranged at intervals in a front-back manner, and a plurality of the connecting rods (10) are connected between the first fixing plate (8) and the second fixing plate (9) and are arranged at equal intervals.
4. A ripper and herbicide for a xanthoceras sorbifolia orchard as claimed in claim 1, wherein the ripper blade includes a blade plate (11) and first connection plates (12) provided at both ends of the blade plate (11), the first connection plates (12) are fixedly connected with the connection frame (2), and the blade plate (11) is obliquely arranged.
5. A soil loosening and weeding machine for a xanthoceras sorbifolia orchard as claimed in claim 1, wherein the collecting tank comprises a second connecting plate (13), arc-shaped rods (14) and side shields (15), the second connecting plate (13) is fixed on the connecting frame (2), the arc-shaped rods (14) are arranged on the second connecting plate (13) at equal intervals, and the side shields (15) are fixed at two ends of the second connecting plate (13).
CN201920211005.7U 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 soil loosening and weeding machine for shiny-leaved yellowhorn orchard Active CN209749073U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920211005.7U CN209749073U (en) 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 soil loosening and weeding machine for shiny-leaved yellowhorn orchard

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920211005.7U CN209749073U (en) 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 soil loosening and weeding machine for shiny-leaved yellowhorn orchard

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209749073U true CN209749073U (en) 2019-12-10

Family

ID=68751807

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920211005.7U Active CN209749073U (en) 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 soil loosening and weeding machine for shiny-leaved yellowhorn orchard

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209749073U (en)

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