CN209741738U - Shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper - Google Patents

Shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209741738U
CN209741738U CN201820870983.8U CN201820870983U CN209741738U CN 209741738 U CN209741738 U CN 209741738U CN 201820870983 U CN201820870983 U CN 201820870983U CN 209741738 U CN209741738 U CN 209741738U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
snow
conveyor
shovel
impeller
throwing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201820870983.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张铁民
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张铁民
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Priority to CN201820870983.8U priority Critical patent/CN209741738U/en
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Abstract

The shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper mainly comprises a shovel-throwing snow remover, a conveyor and a chassis vehicle, and can shovel snow from a road surface and lift upwards so as to facilitate loading and transportation.

Description

Shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper
Technical Field
Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper belongs to sanitation machinery, especially relates to a snow removing machine.
Background
The snow thrower is generally mounted at the front end of a truck, a loader, a tractor and the like, a snow inlet faces forwards, and a traveling machine such as the truck, the loader and the like pushes forwards, so that accumulated snow on a road surface enters the snow thrower from the snow inlet in the front of the snow thrower to finish the operation flow of accumulated snow collection and throwing. The snow throwing machine is also provided with a working flow which is mounted at the rear end of the tractor, the snow inlet faces backwards, and the tractor backs up and runs backwards, so that accumulated snow on the road surface enters the snow throwing machine from the snow inlet which faces backwards of the snow throwing machine, and the accumulated snow is collected and thrown out. Snow throwers have several forms of composition: the first method comprises the following steps: the snow throwing machine consists of a snow throwing impeller and an impeller shell; and the second method comprises the following steps: snow throwers, which are also the most common, consist of an auger and a snow throwing impeller, as well as an impeller and auger housing.
However, snow throwers of the above type all have a common disadvantage: has no obstacle avoidance function. This makes these snow throwers less efficient because they are used at low speeds, and none of them are designed to operate at speeds in excess of 20KM/H, typically 1-5 KM/H.
The snow throwing machine solves the problem that the snow throwing machine does not have an obstacle avoiding function in snow removing operation, and achieves high-speed snow removing operation.
Disclosure of Invention
Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper mainly comprises shovel throwing formula snow breaker 101, conveyer 5 and chassis vehicle, characterized by: the conveyor 5 is arranged in front of the shovel throwing snow remover 101, and a feed inlet of the conveyor 5 is close to the shovel throwing snow remover 101; the snow shoveling and throwing type snow remover 101 mainly comprises an impeller 1 and a snow shovel 2, wherein the impeller 1 is arranged in front of the snow shovel 2, and the upper edge 202 of a front panel 201 is an outlet for snow sprayed by the impeller 1; the conveyor 5 refers to a mechanical device for handling or conveying bulk material along a certain path, and includes at least the following types of mechanical devices: the first method comprises the following steps: a belt conveyor; and the second method comprises the following steps: a chain conveyor; and the third is that: a lift conveyor; and fourthly: an auger type conveyor; and a fifth mode: a roller conveyor; and a sixth mode: a conveyor for conveying materials through the equipment pipeline by using the energy of fluid such as air or water power; seventh, the method comprises: a vibrating conveyor; an eighth method: an air cushion conveyor; ninth, the method comprises the following steps: a sorting conveyor; the tenth way: a centrifugal snow thrower; an eleventh aspect: a shovel-throwing snow remover 101; the twelfth way: a rolling brush 4; the use of any of the above machines, and the combination of two or more of the above machines as a conveyor 5 for conveying snow falls within the scope of the present patent.
The direction in which snow removal is required to be performed is taken as the front.
When an observer stands on the left side of the shovel-mounted integrated snow remover and the left hand direction of the observer is the front direction, the impeller 1 rotates anticlockwise, and the rolling brush 4 rotates clockwise.
The shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper has the working principle that: snow on the road surface is shoveled by the snow shovel 2, the accumulated snow clamped between the front panel 201 and the impeller 1 is thrown forward to a feeding hole of the conveyor 5 by the impeller 1, and the accumulated snow thrown by the shoveling and throwing type snow remover 101 is conveyed to a vehicle compartment loaded with the accumulated snow by the conveyor 5.
The vertical section of the front panel 201 of the snow shovel is concave on one side close to the impeller 1; snow shovel 2 has keeps away barrier device, keeps away barrier device and includes following several at least: the first method comprises the following steps: obstacle avoidance by the turning method of the shovel blade 203: that is, the front panel 201 of the snow shovel 2 is at least divided into an upper section and a lower section in the horizontal direction, the upper section and the lower section are hinged together, the relative position change between the upper section and the lower section is controlled by a spring, when encountering a road surface obstacle, the lower section close to the road surface is turned backwards, so as to cross the obstacle; and the second method comprises the following steps: integrally overturning to avoid obstacles: when the front panel 201 meets an obstacle, the lower part of the whole body is turned backwards so as to cross the obstacle; the impeller 1 is used for centrifugally throwing snow, and the impeller 1 at least has the following structures: the first method comprises the following steps: an auger type impeller 103 consisting of auger blades is arranged on a shaft, and the impeller has the dual functions of centrifugal snow throwing and snow displacement in the axial direction; and the second method comprises the following steps: a plurality of blades are arranged on the shaft to form a centrifugal impeller 104; and the third is that: one part of the shaft is provided with auger blades, and the other part of the shaft is provided with blades to form a combined impeller 105; the shovel snow thrower 101 includes at least a drag type and a push type from a mounting form with a mounting machine.
The lower shovel blade 203 of the snow shovel 2 of the shovel-throwing type snow remover 101 contacts the road surface when operating, and the bottom of the conveyor 5 has a certain distance from the road surface when operating.
The shovel-mounted integrated snow sweeper has at least the following installation modes: the first method comprises the following steps: is mounted on the front part of the chassis vehicle; and the second method comprises the following steps: mounted on the rear of the chassis vehicle; and the third is that: is arranged in the middle of the chassis vehicle; and fourthly: the device is arranged on the side of a chassis vehicle, the chassis vehicle refers to a machine capable of moving by itself, and the device at least comprises: truck chassis, passenger truck chassis, special truck chassis, loader, tractor and combine.
The conveyor 5 comprises at least twelve forms which are explained below: the first method comprises the following steps: a belt conveyor: according to the principle of friction transmission, a transmission roller drives a conveying belt to convey materials; mainly comprises a rubber conveying belt, a roller, a carrier roller, a driving device, a tensioning device, a conveying belt cleaner, a feeder and a discharger; and the second method comprises the following steps: chain conveyor adopts the chain to come the transmission promptly to reach the purpose of transported substance material: the chain conveyor at least comprises a flat plate conveyor, a scale plate conveyor, a disc conveyor, a bucket conveyor, a roller chain conveyor, a bending conveyor, a scraper conveyor, a buried scraper conveyor, a suspension conveyor and a push conveyor; and the third is that: a lift conveyor: at least comprises two types of bulk material closed type lifting machines and piece goods conveying lifting machines. The structure of the device mainly comprises a driving chain wheel, a driven chain wheel, a chain, a bracket or a tray or a flat plate and a tensioning device; and fourthly: an auger type conveyor; and a fifth mode: a roller conveyor: roller conveyors are the simplest conveyors to which the roller principle is applied. Arranging and mounting the rollers on the frame to form the roller conveyor; and a sixth mode: a conveyor for conveying materials through the equipment pipeline by using the energy of fluid such as air or water power; seventh, the method comprises: a vibrating conveyor: the vibration conveyer is divided into 3 types of horizontal type, spiral type and vertical type, and the vibration conveyer utilizes the amplitude generated by a vibration machine to convey; an eighth method: an air cushion conveyor; ninth, the method comprises the following steps: a sorting conveyor; the tenth way: centrifugal snow thrower: comprises a snow thrower impeller, an impeller shell, a snow inlet and a snow outlet; an eleventh aspect: a shovel-throwing snow remover 101; the twelfth way: and (7) rolling and brushing.
The scheme has the advantages that
1. When the snow thrower 101 is operated, due to the obstacle avoidance device, even if the snow thrower collides with a road obstacle, the obstacle avoidance device of the snow shovel 2 can still be used for avoiding the obstacle, so that the collision is avoided.
2. The shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper adopts the snow removing operation of a combined mode of the shovel-throwing type snow remover 101 and the conveyor 5, and has the advantages of novel structure and moderate power consumption.
3. Although the auger is one of the mechanisms for snow removal operation, the auger is common, the auger applied at present only utilizes the axial conveying function of the auger, and the axial conveying function of the auger is a known technology; the impeller 1 of the present invention includes an auger type impeller, but its application functions are: the centrifugal snow throwing function in the radial direction needs to be realized, and the snow shovel 2 needs to be properly matched with the upper edge 202 of the front panel 201 from the position height and the angle to achieve the aim of throwing snow forwards; this is a relatively novel solution.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the main structure of a shovel-throwing snow remover 101.
Fig. 2 is a cross section a-a of the shovel snow remover 101 (the arrow direction in the figure is the front).
Fig. 3 is a schematic main structural view of an auger-type impeller 103 of a snow shovel loader 101.
Fig. 4 is a schematic main structure diagram of a centrifugal impeller 104 of a shovel-throwing snow remover 101.
Fig. 5 is a schematic main structural view of the combined impeller 105 of the snow thrower 101.
The main structural principle schematic diagram of the shovel-loading integrated snow remover shown in figure 6 shows that the conveyor (5) is in the form of a belt conveyor.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the main structure of the shovel-loading integrated snow remover, namely a schematic view of a conveyor (5) which is in the form of a belt conveyor and is arranged at the rear part of a chassis vehicle (behind rear wheels of the chassis vehicle).
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the main structure of the shovel-loading integrated snow remover, namely a schematic view that the conveyor (5) is arranged in the middle of the chassis (between the rear wheels and the front wheels and the rear wheels of the chassis) in the form of a chain conveyor.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the main structure of the shovel-loading integrated snow remover, namely a schematic view of the conveyor (5) which is in the form of a chain conveyor and is arranged at the rear part of the chassis vehicle (behind the rear wheels of the chassis vehicle).
In the figure: a chassis vehicle cab 501, chassis vehicle front wheels 502, an operation room 503, a power compartment 504, chassis vehicle rear wheels 505, a carriage 506, a head wheel 507 of a bucket conveyor of a chain conveyor type, a bottom wheel 508 of a bucket conveyor of a chain conveyor type, a bucket 509 of a bucket conveyor of a chain conveyor type, a chain 510 of a bucket conveyor of a chain conveyor type, a cylinder 511 of a bucket conveyor of a chain conveyor type, a belt conveyor upper roller 601, a rubber conveyor belt 602, a belt conveyor lower roller 603, a chassis vehicle frame 701.
Detailed description of the preferred embodiments
During snow removing operation, place snow shovel 2's shovel sword 203 on the road surface, make impeller 1 rotatory, shovel dress integral type snow sweeper traveles forward, and the snow on road surface is shoveled by snow shovel 2, and the rotation of impeller 1 makes the snow that is shoveled by snow shovel 2 throw the feed inlet to conveyer 5 by impeller 1, and conveyer 5 carries snow once more to the vehicle of shipment snow on to accomplish the snow removing process.

Claims (7)

1. Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper mainly comprises shovel throwing formula snow breaker (101), conveyer (5) and chassis vehicle, characterized by: the conveyor (5) is arranged in front of the shovel throwing snow remover (101), and a feed inlet of the conveyor (5) is close to the shovel throwing snow remover (101); the shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper has the working principle that: snow on the road surface is shoveled by a snow shovel (2), snow clamped between a front panel (201) and the impeller (1) is thrown forwards to a feed inlet of a conveyor (5) by the impeller (1), the conveyor (5) conveys the snow thrown by the snow shoveling and throwing type snow remover (101) into a vehicle compartment loaded with the snow, the snow shoveling and throwing type snow remover (101) mainly comprises the impeller (1) and the snow shovel (2), the impeller (1) is arranged in front of the snow shovel (2), and the upper edge (202) of the front panel (201) is an outlet for the impeller (1) to spray the snow; conveyor (5) refers to a mechanical device for handling or conveying bulk material along a certain path, comprising at least the following types of mechanical devices: the first method comprises the following steps: a belt conveyor; and the second method comprises the following steps: a chain conveyor; and the third is that: a lift conveyor; and fourthly: an auger type conveyor; and a fifth mode: a roller conveyor; and a sixth mode: a conveyor for conveying materials through the pipeline of the equipment by using the energy of the fluid, such as air or water; seventh, the method comprises: a vibrating conveyor; an eighth method: an air cushion conveyor; ninth, the method comprises the following steps: a sorting conveyor; the tenth way: a centrifugal snow thrower; an eleventh aspect: a shovel-throwing snow remover (101); the twelfth way: a rolling brush (4).
2. The shovel-mounted integrated snow sweeper according to claim 1, wherein: the direction in which snow removal is required to be performed is taken as the front.
3. The shovel-mounted integrated snow sweeper according to claim 1, wherein: when an observer stands on the left side of the shovel-loading integrated snow remover and the left hand direction of the observer is the front direction, the rotating direction of the impeller (1) rotates anticlockwise, and the rolling brush (4) rotates clockwise.
4. The shovel-mounted integrated snow sweeper according to claim 1, wherein: one side of the vertical section of the front panel (201) of the snow shovel, which is close to the impeller (1), is concave; snow shovel (2) have and keep away barrier device, keep away barrier device and include following several at least: the first method comprises the following steps: obstacle avoidance by the turning method of the shovel blade (203): the front panel (201) of the snow shovel (2) is at least divided into an upper section and a lower section in the horizontal direction, the upper section and the lower section are hinged together, the relative position change between the upper section and the lower section is controlled by a spring, and when encountering a road surface obstacle, the lower section close to the road surface is turned backwards so as to cross the obstacle; and the second method comprises the following steps: integrally overturning to avoid obstacles: when the front panel (201) meets an obstacle, the lower part of the whole body is turned backwards so as to cross the obstacle; the impeller (1) is used for centrifugally throwing snow, and the impeller (1) at least has the following structures: the first method comprises the following steps: an auger type impeller (103) consisting of auger blades is arranged on a shaft, and the impeller has the dual functions of centrifugal snow throwing and snow displacement in the axial direction; and the second method comprises the following steps: a plurality of blades are arranged on a shaft to form a centrifugal impeller (104); and the third is that: one part of the shaft is provided with the auger blade, and the other part is provided with the blade to form a combined impeller (105).
5. The shovel-mounted integrated snow sweeper according to claim 1, wherein: the lower shovel edge (203) of a snow shovel (2) of the shovel throwing type snow remover (101) is in contact with the road surface when working, and the bottom of the conveyor (5) is at a certain distance from the road surface when working.
6. The shovel-mounted integrated snow sweeper according to claim 1, wherein: the shovel-mounted integrated snow sweeper has at least the following installation modes: the first method comprises the following steps: is mounted on the front part of the chassis vehicle; and the second method comprises the following steps: mounted on the rear of the chassis vehicle; and the third is that: is arranged in the middle of the chassis vehicle; and fourthly: the device is arranged on the side of a chassis vehicle, the chassis vehicle refers to a machine capable of moving by itself, and the device at least comprises: truck chassis, passenger truck chassis, special truck chassis, loader, tractor and combine.
7. The shovel-mounted integrated snow sweeper according to claim 1, wherein: the conveyor (5) comprises at least twelve forms as explained below: the first method comprises the following steps: a belt conveyor: according to the principle of friction transmission, a transmission roller drives a conveying belt to convey materials; mainly comprises a rubber conveying belt, a roller, a carrier roller, a driving device, a tensioning device, a conveying belt cleaner, a feeder and a discharger; and the second method comprises the following steps: chain conveyor adopts the chain to come the transmission promptly to reach the purpose of transported substance material: the chain conveyor at least comprises a flat plate conveyor, a scale plate conveyor, a disc conveyor, a bucket conveyor, a roller chain conveyor, a bending conveyor, a scraper conveyor, a buried scraper conveyor, a suspension conveyor and a push conveyor; and the third is that: a lift conveyor: the system at least comprises two types of bulk material closed type hoisting machines and piece goods conveying hoisting machines; the structure of the device mainly comprises a driving chain wheel, a driven chain wheel, a chain, a bracket or a tray or a flat plate and a tensioning device; and fourthly: an auger type conveyor; and a fifth mode: a roller conveyor: the roller conveyor is the simplest conveyor applying a roller principle, and the roller conveyor is formed by arranging and installing rollers on a frame; and a sixth mode: a conveyor for conveying materials through the pipeline of the equipment by using the energy of the fluid, such as air or water; seventh, the method comprises: a vibrating conveyor: the vibration conveyer is divided into 3 types of horizontal type, spiral type and vertical type, and the vibration conveyer utilizes the amplitude generated by a vibration machine to convey; an eighth method: an air cushion conveyor; ninth, the method comprises the following steps: a sorting conveyor; the tenth way: centrifugal snow thrower: comprises a snow thrower impeller, an impeller shell, a snow inlet and a snow outlet; an eleventh aspect: a shovel-throwing snow remover (101); the twelfth way: and (7) rolling and brushing.
CN201820870983.8U 2018-06-07 2018-06-07 Shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper Expired - Fee Related CN209741738U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820870983.8U CN209741738U (en) 2018-06-07 2018-06-07 Shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820870983.8U CN209741738U (en) 2018-06-07 2018-06-07 Shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper

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CN209741738U true CN209741738U (en) 2019-12-06

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108625334A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-10-09 张铁民 Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108625334A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-10-09 张铁民 Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20191206

Termination date: 20200607