CN108625334A - Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper - Google Patents

Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108625334A
CN108625334A CN201810576734.2A CN201810576734A CN108625334A CN 108625334 A CN108625334 A CN 108625334A CN 201810576734 A CN201810576734 A CN 201810576734A CN 108625334 A CN108625334 A CN 108625334A
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snow
conveyer
shovel
impeller
type
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CN201810576734.2A
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CN108625334B (en
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张铁民
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张铁民
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H5/00Removing snow or ice from roads or like surfaces; Grading or roughening snow or ice
    • E01H5/04Apparatus propelled by animal or engine power; Apparatus propelled by hand with driven dislodging or conveying levelling elements, conveying pneumatically for the dislodged material
    • E01H5/08Apparatus propelled by animal or engine power; Apparatus propelled by hand with driven dislodging or conveying levelling elements, conveying pneumatically for the dislodged material dislodging essentially by driven elements
    • E01H5/09Apparatus propelled by animal or engine power; Apparatus propelled by hand with driven dislodging or conveying levelling elements, conveying pneumatically for the dislodged material dislodging essentially by driven elements the elements being rotary or moving along a closed circular path, e.g. rotary cutter, digging wheels
    • E01H5/098Apparatus propelled by animal or engine power; Apparatus propelled by hand with driven dislodging or conveying levelling elements, conveying pneumatically for the dislodged material dislodging essentially by driven elements the elements being rotary or moving along a closed circular path, e.g. rotary cutter, digging wheels about horizontal or substantially horizontal axises perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the direction of clearing

Abstract

Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper is mainly made of shovel throwing formula snow breaker, conveyer and chassis vehicle, accumulated snow can be scooped up from road surface and is lifted up so that entrucking is transported.

Description

Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper
Technical field
Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper belongs to environmental sanitation mechanical field more particularly to a kind of snow removing machinery.
Background technology
Snow blower applies many years in Snow removing, its general carry is before truck or loading machine or tractor etc. End, at this time into thrush face forward, the walking machines such as truck or loading machine push forward so that road snow is from snow blower front Enter snow blower into thrush, complete accumulated snow and collect, the work flow dished out.Also there is carry in the rear end of tractor, into snow Mouth travels backward towards rear, tractor reversing so that road snow enters snow throwing towards rear from snow blower into thrush Machine is completed accumulated snow and is collected, the work flow dished out.Snow blower has several composition forms:The first:By snow throwing impeller and impeller outer The snow blower of shell composition;Second:The snow blower being made of auger and snow throwing impeller and impeller and auger shell, this snow throwing Machine is also most common.
But all there are one common disadvantages for the snow blower of the above form:There is no barrier avoiding function.This allows for these snow blowers Application all in lower-speed state, dare to be used without any one snow blower be more than 20KM/H speed operation, general job Speed is therefore less efficient all in 1-5KM/H.
Invention solves there is no the problem of barrier avoiding function in snow blower snow removing, high speed snow removing is realized.
Invention content
Shovel dress integral type snow sweeper is mainly made of shovel throwing formula snow breaker 101, conveyer 5 and chassis vehicle, it is characterized in that: Conveyer 5 is mounted on 101 front of shovel throwing formula snow breaker, and the feed inlet of conveyer 5 is close to shovel throwing formula snow breaker 101;Shovel throwing formula is removed Snow machine 101 is mainly made of impeller 1 and snow cave shovel 2, and impeller 1 is mounted on 2 front of snow cave shovel, and the upper edge 202 of front panel 201 is impeller 1 Spray the outlet of accumulated snow;Conveyer 5 refers to the mechanical device for carrying or conveying bulk material along certain circuit, is included at least Following kind of mechanical device:The first:Ribbon conveyer;Second:Chain-linked conveyer;The third:Hoisting type conveyer;The Four kinds:Auger type conveyer;5th kind:Roller conveyor;6th kind:With the energy of the fluids such as air or waterpower, pass through equipment The conveyer of Pipeline transport material;7th kind:Jigging conveyer;8th kind:Air cushion conveyer;9th kind:Sorting & Picking System;The Ten kinds:Centrifugal snow blower;Tenth is a kind of:Shovel throwing formula snow breaker 101;12nd kind:Round brush 4;Using any of the above machine Device made of tool and two kinds and two or more mechanical combinations belongs to conveyer 5 as conveyer 5 for conveying accumulated snow A kind of form, fall into the protection domain of this patent.
To need the direction for carrying out snow removing traveling as front.
When observer station is in the left side of the shovel dress integral snow removing machine, when the left hand direction of observer is front, leaf The rotation direction of wheel 1 is rotation counterclockwise, and round brush 4 is to rotate clockwise.
Shoveling the operation principle of dress integral type snow sweeper is:Road snow is scooped up by snow cave shovel 2, front will be clipped in by impeller 1 Accumulated snow between plate 201 and impeller 1 is dished out forwards to the feed inlet of conveyer 5, and conveyer 5 is thrown throwing formula snow breaker 101 is shoveled The accumulated snow brought is transported in the vehicle car for loading accumulated snow.
The vertical section of the front panel 201 of snow cave shovel is concave close to the side of impeller 1;Snow cave shovel 2 has obstacle avoidance apparatus, avoidance Device includes at least following several:The first:203 inversion method avoidance of the edge of shovel:I.e. the front panel 201 of snow cave shovel 2 is in the horizontal direction At least it is divided into two sections, two sections are hinged, and controlling the relative position between upper-lower section with spring changes, when encountering When road obstacle, overturning backward occurs for the hypomere close to road surface, to clear the jumps;Second:Whole overturning avoidance: When front panel 201 encounters barrier, lower part is integrally turned over, to clear the jumps;The effect of impeller 1 be make snow from The heart is dished out, and impeller 1 can at least have the structure of following several forms:The first:The auger of packing auger blade composition is installed on axis Formula impeller 103, the double action that this impeller has centrifugation snow throwing and in the axial direction shifts snow;Second:It is installed on axis Several blades form receded disk impeller 104;The third:In the part installation packing auger blade of axis, another part installs blade group At combination type blade wheel 105;It shovels throwing formula snow breaker 101 and includes at least pull-type and promotion in form from the carry with carry machinery Formula.
Shovel the lower part edge of shovel 203 when the snow cave shovel 2 of throwing formula snow breaker 101 works and contact road surface, when the bottom work of conveyer 5 with There is a certain distance on road surface.
The shovel fills at least following several mounting means of integral type snow sweeper:The first:Mounted on chassis vehicle Front;Second:Mounted on the rear portion of chassis vehicle;The third:Mounted on the middle part of chassis vehicle;4th kind:The bottom of mounted on The side of jiggering, chassis vehicle refer to the machinery for capableing of automatic moving, are included at least:Truck chassis, passenger car bottom Disk, special-purpose automobile chassis, loading machine, tractor, combine harvester.
12 kinds of forms that conveyer 5 includes at least are explained as follows:The first:Ribbon conveyer:It is passed according to friction Dynamic principle transports material by driving drum driving conveying belt;Mainly by rubber conveyer belt, roller, carrying roller, driving device, Tight device, conveyer belt cleaner, feed appliance, discharger composition;Second:Chain-linked conveyer is driven using chain, to Achieve the purpose that convey material:Chain-linked conveyer includes at least flat conveyer, scale plate conveyer, panconveyor, bucket Formula conveyer, curved conveyor, scraper conveyor, buries and scrapes formula conveyer, overhead chain conveyor, pushes away roller chain-linked conveyer Formula conveyer;The third:Hoisting type conveyer:Including at least the closed elevator of bulk material, two kinds of part goods conveying hoister Type.Its structure is mainly made of drive sprocket, driven sprocket, chain, holder or pallet or tablet, tensioning apparatus;4th kind: Auger type conveyer;5th kind:Roller conveyor:Roller conveyor is to apply the simplest conveyer of roller principle.Roller Arrangement, which is mounted on frame, just constitutes roller conveyor;6th kind:With the energy of the fluids such as air or waterpower, pass through equipment pipeline Convey the conveyer of material;7th kind:Jigging conveyer:Jigging conveyer is divided into horizontal, spiral, rectilinear 3 type, Jigging conveyer is conveyed using amplitude caused by vibrating machine;8th kind:Air cushion conveyer;9th kind:Sorting conveying Machine;Tenth kind:Centrifugal snow blower:Including snow blower impeller, impeller housing, into thrush, snow output spot;Tenth is a kind of:Shovel throwing formula Snow breaker 101;12nd kind:Round brush.
The usefulness of this programme
1., even if colliding with road obstacle, still can lead to due to there is obstacle avoidance apparatus when shoveling throwing formula 101 operation of snow breaker It crosses the obstacle avoidance apparatus that snow cave shovel 2 has and realizes avoidance, to avoid being damaged.
2. shovel dress integral type snow sweeper snow removing, structure in such a way that shovel throwing formula snow breaker 101, conveyer 5 combine Novelty, power consumption are moderate.
Although 3, mechanism one of of the auger as snow removing, relatively common, the auger applied at present is all only Using the axial conveying function of auger, and the axial conveying function of auger is known technology;Although the impeller 1 of the present invention also includes The impeller of auger form, but its application function is:Diametrical centrifugation snow throwing function, will realize this function, and Achieve the purpose that snow throwing forward, needs snow cave shovel 2 appropriate from the upper edge 202 of front panel 201 from position height, angular compliance;And this It is relatively new technical solution.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 shovels 101 primary structure stereoscopic principal schematic diagram of throwing formula snow breaker.
Fig. 2 shovels the A-A sections of throwing formula snow breaker 101(Arrow direction is front in figure).
Fig. 3 shovels the 103 primary structure schematic diagram of auger type impeller of throwing formula snow breaker 101.
Fig. 4 shovels the 104 primary structure schematic diagram of receded disk impeller of throwing formula snow breaker 101.
Fig. 5 shovels the 105 primary structure schematic diagram of combination type blade wheel of throwing formula snow breaker 101.
Primary structure principle schematic -- the conveyer of shovel dress integral type snow sweeper described in Fig. 6(5)Using belt conveying The form of machine.
Primary structure schematic diagram -- the conveyer of shovel dress integral type snow sweeper described in Fig. 7(5)Using ribbon conveyer Form is mounted on the rear portion of chassis vehicle(The rear of chassis vehicle rear wheel)Schematic diagram.
Primary structure schematic diagram -- the conveyer of shovel dress integral type snow sweeper described in Fig. 8(5)Using chain-linked conveyer Form is mounted on the middle part of chassis vehicle(After the vehicle of chassis between front and back wheel)Schematic diagram.
Primary structure schematic diagram -- the conveyer of shovel dress integral type snow sweeper described in Fig. 9(5)Using chain-linked conveyer Form is mounted on the rear portion of chassis vehicle(The rear of chassis vehicle rear wheel)Schematic diagram.
In figure:Chassis vehicle cab 501, chassis vehicle front vehicle wheel 502, operating room 503, piggyback pod 504, chassis vehicle rear car Wheel 505, compartment 506, the great wheel 507 of the bucket conveyor in chain-linked conveyer type, the bucket type in chain-linked conveyer type are defeated Send the return pulley 508 of machine, the winnowing pan 509 of the bucket conveyor in chain-linked conveyer type, the bucket type in chain-linked conveyer type is defeated Send the chain 510 of machine, the machine barrel 511 of the bucket conveyor in chain-linked conveyer type, roller 601 on ribbon conveyer, rubber is defeated Send band 602, ribbon conveyer bottom roll 603, chassis carriage frame 701.
Specific embodiment
When snow removing, the edge of shovel 203 of snow cave shovel 2 is placed on road surface, impeller 1 is made to rotate, shovel dress integral type snow sweeper It moves forward, the accumulated snow on road surface is scooped up by snow cave shovel 2, and the rotation of impeller 1 by the accumulated snow that snow cave shovel 2 scoops up by impeller 1 so that thrown To the feed inlet of conveyer 5, accumulated snow is transported on the vehicle of shipment accumulated snow by conveyer 5 again, to complete snow removing process.

Claims (8)

1. shovel dress integral type snow sweeper is mainly by shovel throwing formula snow breaker(101), conveyer(5)It is formed with chassis vehicle, feature It is:Conveyer(5)Mounted on shovel throwing formula snow breaker(101)Front, conveyer(5)Feed inlet close to shovel throwing formula snow breaker (101);Shovel throwing formula snow breaker(101)Mainly by impeller(1)And snow cave shovel(2)Composition, impeller(1)Mounted on snow cave shovel(2)Front, it is preceding Panel(201)Upper edge(202)For impeller(1)Spray the outlet of accumulated snow;Conveyer(5)Refer to being carried along certain circuit Or the mechanical device of conveying bulk material, include at least following kind of mechanical device:The first:Ribbon conveyer;Second: Chain-linked conveyer;The third:Hoisting type conveyer;4th kind:Auger type conveyer;5th kind:Roller conveyor;6th kind: With the energy of the fluids such as air or waterpower, pass through the conveyer of equipment Pipeline transport material;7th kind:Jigging conveyer;8th Kind:Air cushion conveyer;9th kind:Sorting & Picking System;Tenth kind:Centrifugal snow blower;Tenth is a kind of:Shovel throwing formula snow breaker (101);12nd kind:Round brush(4);Made of any of the above machinery and two kinds and two or more mechanical combinations Device is as conveyer(5), conveyer is belonged to for conveying accumulated snow(5)A kind of form, fall into the protection domain of this patent.
2. shovel according to claim 1 fills integral type snow sweeper, it is characterized in that:To need to carry out the side of snow removing traveling To for front.
3. shovel according to claim 1 fills integral type snow sweeper, it is characterized in that:When observer station fills one in the shovel The left side of formula snow breaker, when the left hand direction of observer is front, impeller(1)Rotation direction be counterclockwise rotation, round brush(4)It is suitable Hour hands rotate.
4. shovel according to claim 1 fills integral type snow sweeper, it is characterized in that:The operation principle of shovel dress integral type snow sweeper It is:By snow cave shovel(2)Road snow is scooped up, by impeller(1)Front panel will be clipped in(201)And impeller(1)Between accumulated snow forward Side dishes out to conveyer(5)Feed inlet, conveyer(5)Throwing formula snow breaker will be shoveled(101)The accumulated snow thrown is transported to dress In the vehicle car for carrying accumulated snow.
5. shovel according to claim 1 fills integral type snow sweeper, it is characterized in that:The front panel of snow cave shovel(201)Vertical cut Face is close to impeller(1)Side be concave;Snow cave shovel(2)With obstacle avoidance apparatus, obstacle avoidance apparatus includes at least following several:First Kind:The edge of shovel(203)Inversion method avoidance:That is snow cave shovel(2)Front panel(201)At least it is divided into two sections in the horizontal direction, on Lower two sections hinged, and controlling the relative position between upper-lower section with spring changes, when encountering road obstacle, close to road Overturning backward occurs for the hypomere in face, to clear the jumps;Second:Whole overturning avoidance:Front panel(201)Encounter obstacle When object, lower part is integrally turned over, to clear the jumps;Impeller(1)Effect be make snow centrifugation dish out, impeller(1) Can at least there be the structure of following several forms:The first:The auger type impeller of packing auger blade composition is installed on axis(103), The double action that this impeller has centrifugation snow throwing and in the axial direction shifts snow;Second:Several blade groups are installed on axis At receded disk impeller(104);The third:In the part installation packing auger blade of axis, another part installs blade group into combined type Impeller(105);Shovel throwing formula snow breaker(101)Pull-type and push type are included at least in form from the carry with carry machinery.
6. shovel according to claim 1 fills integral type snow sweeper, it is characterized in that:Shovel throwing formula snow breaker(101)Snow cave shovel(2) Lower part edge of shovel when work(203)Contact road surface, conveyer(5)Bottom work when with road surface have a certain distance.
7. shovel according to claim 1 fills integral type snow sweeper, it is characterized in that:The shovel dress integral type snow sweeper is at least There are following several mounting means:The first:Mounted on the front of chassis vehicle;Second:Mounted on the rear portion of chassis vehicle; The third:Mounted on the middle part of chassis vehicle;4th kind:Mounted on the side of chassis vehicle, chassis vehicle refers to can be voluntarily Mobile machinery, includes at least:Truck chassis, passenger car chassis, special-purpose automobile chassis, loading machine, tractor, joint Harvester.
8. shovel according to claim 1 fills integral type snow sweeper, it is characterized in that:Conveyer(5)12 kinds included at least Form is explained as follows:The first:Ribbon conveyer:It is transported by driving drum driving conveying belt according to frictional drive principle Material;Mainly by rubber conveyer belt, roller, carrying roller, driving device, tensioning apparatus, conveyer belt cleaner, feed appliance, discharging Device forms;Second:Chain-linked conveyer is driven using chain, to achieve the purpose that convey material:Chain-linked conveyer is extremely Include flat conveyer, scale plate conveyer, panconveyor, bucket conveyor, roller chain-linked conveyer, bending conveying less Machine, scraper conveyor bury and scrape formula conveyer, overhead chain conveyor, push-type conveyer;The third:Hoisting type conveyer:At least Including the closed elevator of bulk material, part goods conveying hoister two types;Its structure is mainly by drive sprocket, driven chain Wheel, chain, holder or pallet or tablet, tensioning apparatus composition;4th kind:Auger type conveyer;5th kind:Roller conveyor: Roller conveyor is to apply the simplest conveyer of roller principle, and roller arrays are mounted on frame and just constitute roll-type conveying Machine;6th kind:With the energy of the fluids such as air or waterpower, pass through the conveyer of equipment Pipeline transport material;7th kind:It vibrates defeated Send machine:Jigging conveyer is divided into horizontal, spiral, rectilinear 3 type, and jigging conveyer is using produced by vibrating machine Amplitude convey;8th kind:Air cushion conveyer;9th kind:Sorting & Picking System;Tenth kind:Centrifugal snow blower:Including snow throwing Machine impeller, impeller housing, into thrush, snow output spot;Tenth is a kind of:Shovel throwing formula snow breaker(101);12nd kind:Round brush.
CN201810576734.2A 2018-06-07 2018-06-07 Shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper Active CN108625334B (en)

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CN201810576734.2A CN108625334B (en) 2018-06-07 2018-06-07 Shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN107288090A (en) * 2016-04-13 2017-10-24 姜俊 Self-propelled snow throwing cleans all-in-one
CN107354903A (en) * 2017-09-08 2017-11-17 张铁民 Shovel sweeps dress snow sweeper
CN206956633U (en) * 2017-03-22 2018-02-02 南京航空航天大学 Multipurpose road sweeper
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CN209741738U (en) * 2018-06-07 2019-12-06 张铁民 Shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203913209U (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-11-05 武艺群 A kind of powder collator
CN104746466A (en) * 2014-01-26 2015-07-01 霍德义 Multifunctional snow collector
US20170081817A1 (en) * 2014-11-19 2017-03-23 The Toro Company Rotor and rotor housing for a snowthrower
CN205276200U (en) * 2015-11-08 2016-06-01 王锡山 Load snow breaker from walking
CN107288090A (en) * 2016-04-13 2017-10-24 姜俊 Self-propelled snow throwing cleans all-in-one
CN206956633U (en) * 2017-03-22 2018-02-02 南京航空航天大学 Multipurpose road sweeper
CN107354903A (en) * 2017-09-08 2017-11-17 张铁民 Shovel sweeps dress snow sweeper
CN207228033U (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-04-13 南通迪宇电子有限公司 A kind of spiral snow-removing device
CN209741738U (en) * 2018-06-07 2019-12-06 张铁民 Shovel-loading integrated snow sweeper

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