CN209736644U - Lathe for processing straight pipe joint - Google Patents

Lathe for processing straight pipe joint Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209736644U
CN209736644U CN201920498569.3U CN201920498569U CN209736644U CN 209736644 U CN209736644 U CN 209736644U CN 201920498569 U CN201920498569 U CN 201920498569U CN 209736644 U CN209736644 U CN 209736644U
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China
Prior art keywords
tool
lathe
pipe joint
straight
machining
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Active
Application number
CN201920498569.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈建团
李永富
戴培海
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Quanzhou Anken Automation Machinery Co Ltd
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Quanzhou Anken Automation Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a lathe for processing a straight pipe joint, which comprises a lathe body, a manipulator and a control unit, wherein the lathe body is provided with two tool fixtures capable of driving a straight pipe joint workpiece to rotate, clamping parts of the two tool fixtures are oppositely arranged, a cutter is arranged at the position close to the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures, the tool fixtures can slide relative to the cutter, and the control unit controls the tool fixtures to linearly slide so as to control the distance from the tool fixtures to the cutter; the control unit controls the manipulator to respectively convey the two ends of the straight pipe joint workpiece to the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures in sequence, and the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures respectively clamp one end of the straight pipe joint workpiece. Adopt the utility model discloses a lathe can process the both ends that the straight pipe connects the machined part, does not need the processing end of the straight pipe joint machined part of artifical accent, improves work efficiency.

Description

Lathe for processing straight pipe joint
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a lathe processing technology field, concretely relates to lathe to processing through pipe joint.
Background
The pipeline is the most efficient transport mode of medium transport, and the pipe fitting just can form the pipeline to connect, and the pipe connection just needs to use the connecting piece, and direct coupling and right angle joint are common connecting piece in the pipeline at present.
When the straight pipe joint is machined, one end of a machined part of the straight pipe joint needs to be fixed to the clamp, then the other end of the machined part of the straight pipe joint needs to be machined by the cutter, after one end of the machined part of the straight pipe joint is machined, the two ends of the machined part of the straight pipe joint need to be turned, then the machined part of the straight pipe joint needs to be fixed to the clamp, and then the machined part of the straight pipe joint needs to be machined to enable the two ends of the machined. When an existing lathe is used for machining a straight-through pipe joint, a manipulator on the lathe grabs the straight-through pipe joint from a feeding position to a machining position of the lathe, then one end of the straight-through pipe joint is fixed on a clamp, and then a cutter is used for machining the other end of the straight-through pipe. Because most of the existing lathes only have one clamp, after one end of the straight pipe joint is machined, the two ends of the straight pipe joint need to be manually turned, and the lathes cannot continuously machine the two ends of the straight pipe joint, so that the machining efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides a lathe of processing through coupling, its aim at solve when adopting prior art lathe processing through coupling, can not be continuous to the both ends that the through coupling connects and process the technical problem that machining efficiency is low.
In order to solve the technical problem, the technical scheme of the utility model as follows:
A lathe for machining a straight pipe joint comprises a lathe body, a manipulator and a control unit, wherein the lathe body is provided with two tool fixtures capable of driving a straight pipe joint to be machined to rotate, clamping parts of the two tool fixtures are oppositely arranged, a cutter is arranged at a position close to the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures, the tool fixtures can slide relative to the cutter, and the control unit controls the tool fixtures to slide linearly so as to control the distance from the tool fixtures to the cutter; the control unit controls the manipulator to convey the two ends of the straight pipe joint workpiece to the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures in sequence, and the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures clamp one end of the straight pipe joint workpiece.
Furthermore, the central connecting line of the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures is a straight line.
The lathe is characterized by further comprising a tool supporting plate which is arranged between the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures and can slide on the lathe body, a plurality of groups of tools with different structures are arranged on the tool supporting plate, and the control unit controls the tool supporting plate to slide and aligns the tools with the clamping parts of the tool fixtures.
Further, two tool supporting plates are arranged between the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures, and the tool corresponding to each tool fixture is arranged on the corresponding tool supporting plate.
Furthermore, the cutter supporting plate is obliquely arranged between the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures to discharge scraps.
furthermore, the cutter supporting plate is provided with a plurality of scrap discharge grooves.
Further, the tool clamp comprises a chuck, a spindle box, a rotary cylinder and a first servo motor, the chuck and the rotary cylinder are mounted on the spindle box and are in transmission connection through a transmission shaft, and the first servo motor drives the transmission shaft to rotate through a transmission structure.
Further, the device comprises a cross beam arranged right above the tool clamp, wherein the cross beam is provided with a transmission device for a manipulator to install the straight pipe joint workpiece on the tool clamp.
Further, transmission is including setting up horizontal rack gear, the vertical rack gear in the crossbeam, the crossbeam is equipped with slidable slide, the slide is equipped with and can follows its vertical ground installed part that slides, horizontal rack gear drives the slide and slides, vertical rack gear drives the installed part and slides, the bottom of installed part is located to the manipulator.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages of:
1. Adopt the utility model discloses a during the straight coupling of lathe processing, when the one end processing of straight coupling machined part was accomplished, it was taken off the siphunculus joint machined part from frock clamp by the control unit control manipulator, transferred to another frock clamp and processed the other end of straight coupling machined part, just so need not the processing end of the straight coupling machined part of manual transfer, improved work efficiency.
2. The central connecting line of the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures is a straight line. By adopting the mode to arrange the tool clamp, when one end of the straight pipe joint workpiece is machined, the distance for transferring the straight pipe joint workpiece to another tool clamp by the manipulator can be reduced, the working efficiency can be improved, and the structure of the lathe can be more compact.
3. The tool supporting plate is arranged between the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures in a sliding mode, a plurality of groups of tools with different structures are arranged on the tool supporting plate, and the tools can be aligned to the clamping parts of the tool fixtures when the tool supporting plate slides. The lathe adopting the scheme can process various straight-through pipe joints with different connecting structures according to market demands.
4. Two cutter supporting plates are arranged between the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures, and the cutter corresponding to each tool fixture is arranged on the corresponding cutter supporting plate. When one of the cutter supporting plates is damaged, the cutter supporting plate can be independently replaced, so that the raw materials of the cutter supporting plate can be saved.
5. The cutter supporting plate is obliquely arranged between the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures, and when the sweeps fall onto the cutter supporting plate during machining, the sweeps can fall onto the sweeps collection part by means of self gravity.
6. The cutter supporting plate is provided with a plurality of scrap discharge grooves. Due to the arrangement of the waste chip discharge groove, waste chips cannot fall onto the lathe body from two sides of the cutter supporting plate when being discharged.
drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the lathe of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of another view angle of the lathe of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the tool clamp of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the spindle box of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the utility model discloses be equipped with two cutter layer boards between two frock clamp 3's the clamping part.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged view at a in bitmap 1.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the inside of the cross beam according to the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the inside of the cross beam according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 6, a lathe for machining a through pipe joint includes a lathe body 1, a robot 2 and a control unit (not shown). Lathe body 1 is equipped with two frock clamp 3 that can drive the straight pipe joint machined part rotation, and the clamping part of two frock clamp 3 sets up oppositely, and the position of the clamping part of adjacent two frock clamp 3 all is equipped with the cutter, and lathe body 1 is located through knife rest 4 to the cutter, and frock clamp 3 can slide for the cutter, and the control unit (not seen in the figure) control frock clamp 3 slides in order to control the distance of frock clamp 3 to cutter. The control unit (not shown) controls the manipulator 2 to respectively convey the two ends of the straight-through pipe joint workpiece to the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures 3 in sequence, and the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures 3 respectively clamp one end of the straight-through pipe joint workpiece. The distance sensor can be arranged on the tool clamp 3, so that the distance from the tool clamp 3 to the cutter can be controlled more stably. The control unit belongs to the prior art and is not described in detail herein.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, when a straight pipe joint is machined by a lathe, a control unit (not shown) controls a manipulator 2 to grab a straight pipe joint workpiece from a feeding position on a lathe body 1, then controls the manipulator 2 to convey the straight pipe joint workpiece to one of tool fixtures 3, one end of the straight pipe joint workpiece is fixed by the tool fixture 3, after the straight pipe joint workpiece is fixed, the control unit (not shown) controls the tool fixture 3 to slide the straight pipe joint workpiece to the side of a cutter, the tool fixture 3 drives the straight pipe joint workpiece to rotate, the other end of the straight pipe joint workpiece is machined by the cutter, after one end is machined, the control unit (not shown) controls the manipulator 2 to grab the straight pipe joint workpiece and convey the straight pipe joint workpiece to the other tool fixture 3, and the machined end of the straight pipe joint workpiece is fixed to the other tool fixture 3, the control unit (not shown in the figure) controls the tool clamp 3 to slide the straight pipe joint machined part to the side of the cutter, the tool clamp 3 drives the straight pipe joint machined part to rotate, the cutter is used for machining the unprocessed end of the straight pipe joint machined part, and after machining is finished, the manipulator 2 is used for conveying the straight pipe joint to the discharging position, so that the machined end of the straight pipe joint machined part does not need to be manually turned, and the working efficiency is improved.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the utility model discloses a frock clamp 3 includes chuck 31 (chuck 31 can be three-jaw hydraulic chuck or air chuck), headstock 32, rotary cylinder (not seen in the figure) and first servo motor 33, chuck 31 and rotary cylinder (not seen in the figure) install in headstock 32 and connect through the transmission shaft transmission, first servo motor 33 passes through the motor mount pad and locates the top 32 of headstock, and drive transmission shaft and rotary cylinder (not seen in the figure) through transmission structure and rotate and then drive chuck 31 and rotate, can cup joint a dust prevention cylinder 310 on chuck 31, prevent that the sweeps of direct pipe joint machined part in the course of working from dropping in chuck 31. The transmission structure can be that a transmission wheel is arranged on the transmission shaft and the transmission shaft is in transmission connection with the first servo motor 33 by a belt, or the transmission shaft is in transmission connection with the first servo motor 33 by a gear transmission structure.
Referring to fig. 3, the sliding structure of the tool holder 3 includes a high-speed response motor 34 and a first screw 35, the high-speed response motor 34 is disposed on the lathe body 1 by a high-speed response motor base and is in transmission connection with the first screw 35, a slide rail is disposed on the lathe body 1, the headstock 32 is in sliding connection with the slide rail by a slider, a first screw sleeve 36 for the first screw 35 to pass through is disposed at the bottom of the headstock 32, the first screw 35 passes through the first screw sleeve 36 and is fixed to the lathe body 1 by a first tailstock 37, so that the high-speed response motor 34 drives the first screw 35 to rotate, the headstock 32 moves on the first screw 35 by the first screw sleeve 36, and further, the slider realizes the movement on the lathe body 1. The sliding structure of the tooling fixture 3 can also be composed of devices such as linear displacement power equipment (such as an air cylinder, a hydraulic cylinder and the like).
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, the center connecting line of the clamping portions of the two tool fixtures 3 of the present embodiment is a straight line, that is, the two tool fixtures 3 are respectively located at two ends of the same straight line at the position of the lathe body 1, and the tool is located between the clamping portions of the two tool fixtures 3. By adopting the tool clamp 3 arranged in the mode, when one end of the straight pipe joint workpiece is machined, the distance for transferring the straight pipe joint workpiece to another tool clamp 3 by the manipulator 2 can be reduced, the working efficiency can be improved, and the structure of the lathe can be more compact.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, a slidable tool supporting plate 5 is disposed between the clamping portions of the two tool holders 3, a plurality of groups of tools having different structures (three groups of different tools are disposed in the present embodiment) are disposed on the tool supporting plate 5, the tools are disposed on the tool supporting plate 5 through a tool rest 4, and when a control unit (not shown) controls the tool supporting plate 5 to slide, the tools can be aligned with the clamping portions of the tool holders 3. The lathe adopting the scheme can process various straight-through pipe joints with different connecting structures according to market demands.
Referring to fig. 5, two tool support plates 5 are provided between the clamping portions of the two tool fixtures 3 according to the present embodiment, the tool corresponding to each tool fixture 3 is provided on the corresponding tool support plate 5, and each tool support plate 5 is provided with a slidable structure. By adopting the cutter supporting plate 5 with the structure, when one cutter supporting plate 5 is damaged, the cutter supporting plate can be independently replaced, so that the raw material of the cutter supporting plate 5 can be saved.
Referring to fig. 5, the sliding structure of the tool supporting plate 5 includes a second servo motor 51 and a second screw 52, the second servo motor 51 is in transmission connection with the second screw 52, a slide block and a second screw sleeve fixed to the lathe body 1 are disposed on the lathe body 1 on the bottom surface of the tool supporting plate 5, a slide rail is disposed on the bottom surface of the tool supporting plate 5, the tool supporting plate 5 is slidably disposed on the slide block through the slide rail, the tool supporting plate 5 is provided with a second servo motor mounting seat 53, the second servo motor 51 is disposed on the second servo motor mounting seat 53, and the second screw 52 penetrates through the second screw sleeve and is fixed to the slide rail on the bottom surface of the tool supporting plate 5 by a second tailstock 54. When the second servo motor 51 drives the second screw 52 to rotate, the cutter supporting plate 5 moves on the second screw sleeve through the second screw 52, and then the lathe body 1 moves through the slide rail. The slidable structure of the tool supporting plate 5 can also be composed of devices such as linear displacement power equipment (such as an air cylinder, a hydraulic cylinder and the like).
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the tool support plate 5 is obliquely arranged between the clamping portions of the two tool fixtures 3, and when the waste chips fall on the tool support plate 5 during machining, the waste chips can fall on the waste chip collecting portion by means of self gravity. The cutter blades 5 are provided with a plurality of scrap discharge grooves 55. The provision of the scrap discharge groove 55 prevents the scraps from falling onto the lathe body 1 from both sides of the tool palette 5 when discharged.
Referring to fig. 1, 7 and 8, the lathe body 1 of the present embodiment is further provided with a cross beam 6 directly above the tool holder 3, the cross beam 6 is provided along the left and right sides of the lathe body 1 (in the direction shown in fig. 1), and the cross beam 6 is provided with a transmission device for the robot 2 to mount the straight-through pipe joint workpiece grasped by the robot 2 on the tool holder 3. The transmission device comprises a linear rail 61, a transverse rack 62, a vertical rack 63, a third servo motor 64 and a fourth servo motor 65 which are arranged inside the cross beam 6, the cross beam 6 is provided with a sliding plate 7 which can slide along the linear rail 61, and the third servo motor 64 and the fourth servo motor 65 are arranged on the sliding plate 7. The third servo motor 64 is in transmission connection with the transverse rack 62 through a gear pair, and when the third servo motor 64 works, the sliding plate 7 is controlled to slide on the linear rail 61. The sliding plate 7 is further provided with a mounting piece 71 used for mounting the vertical rack 63, the mounting piece 71 is slidably arranged on the sliding plate 7, the manipulator 2 is arranged at the bottom of the mounting piece 71, the fourth servo motor 65 is in transmission connection with the vertical rack 63 through a gear pair, and the fourth servo motor 65 controls the mounting piece 71 to move up and down when working. A distance sensor and a buffer block for preventing the slide 7 from being displaced by an excessively large distance may be provided at both ends of the inside of the cross member 6. When the manipulator 2 grabs the straight-through pipe joint machined part, the third servo motor 64 controls the sliding plate 7 to slide on the cross beam 6, so that the manipulator 2 on the installation part 71 is controlled to move, when the manipulator 2 moves to the feeding part of the lathe body 1, the fourth servo motor 65 controls the installation part 71 to move downwards, the manipulator 2 grabs the straight-through pipe joint machined part, after the straight-through pipe joint machined part is grabbed, the third servo motor 64 and the fourth servo motor 65 work to control the manipulator 2 to move, the straight-through pipe joint machined part on the manipulator 2 is sent to the tool clamp 3, the tool clamp 3 slides to fix one end of the straight-through pipe joint machined part, and finally, the cutter processes the straight-through pipe joint machined part.
The linear rail 61, the transverse rack 62, the three servo motors 64 and the sliding plate 7 form a horizontal rack transmission device, and the vertical rack 63, the fourth servo motor 65 and the mounting piece 71 form a vertical rack transmission device. The transmission device can also adopt other modes, such as a guide rail pair or a lead screw pair, and the like, which are in the prior art, and are not described in detail herein.
The above-mentioned be the utility model discloses a concrete implementation way, nevertheless the utility model discloses a design concept is not limited to this, and the ordinary use of this design is right the utility model discloses carry out immaterial change, all should belong to the act of infringement the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. A lathe for processing a straight-through pipe joint is characterized in that: the pipe joint machining tool comprises a lathe body, a manipulator and a control unit, wherein the lathe body is provided with two tool fixtures capable of driving a straight-through pipe joint machining part to rotate, clamping parts of the two tool fixtures are oppositely arranged, a cutter is arranged at a position close to the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures, the tool fixtures can slide relative to the cutter, and the control unit controls the tool fixtures to slide so as to control the distance from the tool fixtures to the cutter; the control unit controls the manipulator to convey the two ends of the straight pipe joint workpiece to the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures in sequence, and the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures clamp one end of the straight pipe joint workpiece.
2. A lathe for machining straight-through pipe joints according to claim 1, wherein: the center connecting line of the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures is a straight line.
3. A lathe for machining straight-through pipe joints according to claim 2, wherein: the lathe is characterized by further comprising a tool supporting plate which is arranged between the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures and can slide on the lathe body, a plurality of groups of tools with different structures are arranged on the tool supporting plate, the control unit controls the tool supporting plate to slide, and the tools are aligned to the clamping parts of the tool fixtures.
4. A lathe for machining straight-through pipe joints according to claim 3, wherein: two cutter supporting plates are arranged between the clamping parts of the two tool fixtures, and the cutter corresponding to each tool fixture is arranged on the corresponding cutter supporting plate.
5. A lathe for machining straight-through pipe joints according to claim 3, wherein: the tool supporting plate is obliquely arranged between the two clamping parts of the tool clamp, and scraps are discharged.
6. A lathe for machining straight-through pipe joints according to claim 3, wherein: the cutter supporting plate is provided with a plurality of scrap discharge grooves.
7. A lathe for machining a through pipe joint as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein: the tooling fixture comprises a chuck, a spindle box, a rotary cylinder and a first servo motor, wherein the chuck and the rotary cylinder are arranged on the spindle box and are in transmission connection through a transmission shaft, and the first servo motor drives the transmission shaft to rotate through a transmission structure.
8. A lathe for machining a through pipe joint as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 6, wherein: the straight pipe joint machining device is characterized by further comprising a cross beam arranged right above the tool clamp, wherein the cross beam is provided with a transmission device for the mechanical arm to install a straight pipe joint machining piece on the tool clamp.
9. A lathe for machining straight-through pipe joints according to claim 8, wherein: the transmission device comprises a horizontal rack transmission device and a vertical rack transmission device which are arranged in the cross beam, the cross beam is provided with a slidable sliding plate, the sliding plate is provided with an installation part which can slide along the vertical direction of the sliding plate, the horizontal rack transmission device drives the sliding plate to slide, the vertical rack transmission device drives the installation part to slide, and the manipulator is arranged at the bottom of the installation part.
CN201920498569.3U 2019-04-12 2019-04-12 Lathe for processing straight pipe joint Active CN209736644U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920498569.3U CN209736644U (en) 2019-04-12 2019-04-12 Lathe for processing straight pipe joint

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920498569.3U CN209736644U (en) 2019-04-12 2019-04-12 Lathe for processing straight pipe joint

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209736644U true CN209736644U (en) 2019-12-06

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ID=68720786

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920498569.3U Active CN209736644U (en) 2019-04-12 2019-04-12 Lathe for processing straight pipe joint

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209736644U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114536012A (en) * 2022-02-11 2022-05-27 安徽霍仕达智能科技股份有限公司 Combined machining equipment for valve rod of valve

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114536012A (en) * 2022-02-11 2022-05-27 安徽霍仕达智能科技股份有限公司 Combined machining equipment for valve rod of valve
CN114536012B (en) * 2022-02-11 2024-01-16 安徽霍仕达智能科技股份有限公司 Combined machining equipment for valve rod of valve

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