CN209540899U - A kind of waste incinerator - Google Patents

A kind of waste incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209540899U
CN209540899U CN201920021023.9U CN201920021023U CN209540899U CN 209540899 U CN209540899 U CN 209540899U CN 201920021023 U CN201920021023 U CN 201920021023U CN 209540899 U CN209540899 U CN 209540899U
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China
Prior art keywords
gas
exhaust pipe
furnace body
air
pump
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Active
Application number
CN201920021023.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭明飞
陈旭文
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Jilin Jiayuan Lvbao Sanitation Equipment Co Ltd
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Jilin Jiayuan Lvbao Sanitation Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920021023.9U priority Critical patent/CN209540899U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of waste incinerator, including burn mechanism, cyclone dust collectors, smoke exhaust pipe, combustion gas utilize mechanism, fume cleaning discharging mechanism and gas-guide tube.The cyclone dust collectors are arranged in burning mechanism, the side, top, and cyclone dust collectors upper end utilizes mechanism connection by the smoke exhaust pipe and the combustion gas, and combustion gas is connected to by the gas-guide tube with fume cleaning discharging mechanism using mechanism.The waste incinerator of the utility model has the characteristics that waste incineration amount is big, combustion position is stable, furnace atmosphere circulation utilizes and good dedusting effect.

Description

A kind of waste incinerator
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of waste incineration, more particularly, to a kind of waste incinerator.
Background technique
Waste incinerator is the equipment of burning disposal rubbish, and rubbish becomes exhaust gas and enter second-time burning in furnace chamber inner combustion Room burns completely under the forced burning of burner, enters back into spray type dust separator, be discharged into atmosphere through chimney after dedusting.Rubbish Incinerator burns four big systems by rubbish preprocessing system, incineration system, smog biochemistry dust pelletizing system and auxiliary firing and forms, and collects Self-feeding, sub-sieve, drying, burning, deashing, dedusting, automation control are in one.
A kind of harmless treatment that waste incinerator is commonly used in terms of medical and life waste product, animal harmless treatment is set It is standby.Its principle is object to be processed progress high temperature to be destroyed by fire carbonization, using the burning of the fuel such as coal, fuel oil, combustion gas to reach To the purpose of disinfection treatment.
The waste incinerator being widely used at present, there is also major defect mainly have: furnace body temperature is difficult when burning To maintain, combustion position is unstable;The step of heat of burning is not recycled leads to the waste of heat source, increases waste incineration Cost, and pollute environment;Dust removing effects are poor.
Utility model content
In view of this, the purpose of this utility model is in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, to provide a kind of waste incinerator, have The characteristics of waste incineration amount is big, combustion position is stable, furnace atmosphere circulation utilizes and good dedusting effect.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the utility model uses following technical scheme: a kind of waste incinerator, including burning machine Structure, cyclone dust collectors, smoke exhaust pipe, combustion gas utilize mechanism, fume cleaning discharging mechanism and gas-guide tube.The burning mechanism top one The cyclone dust collectors are arranged in side, and cyclone dust collectors upper end utilizes mechanism connection, combustion gas by the smoke exhaust pipe and the combustion gas It is connected to by the gas-guide tube with fume cleaning discharging mechanism using mechanism.
The burning mechanism includes furnace body, smoke outlet, inlet, sewage pump, feed hopper, pusher, temperature-measuring port, revolving burner Row, the first air taking port, the first blower, the second air taking port and slag-drip opening.The upper of furnace body side be arranged the smoke outlet and into Liquid mouth, furnace body are connected to by smoke outlet with cyclone dust collectors, and the inlet is connected to the sewage pump by pipeline, and furnace body is another The feed hopper is arranged in side, and the pusher setting is opposite with feed inlet in feed hopper lower part, and the temperature-measuring port is uniformly arranged on On furnace body, the rotary fire grate setting is in lower portion of furnace body, and first air taking port is arranged above rotary fire grate, the first air taking port It is connected to by pipeline with first blower, second air taking port is arranged below rotary fire grate, and the slag-drip opening setting exists Furnace body lower end.
The combustion gas includes condenser, air preheater, high-temperature exhaust pipe and the second blower using mechanism.The condenser Upper end is connected to smoke exhaust pipe, and the air preheater is fixed at below condenser, and air preheater lower end is connected to the air guide Pipe, in air preheater side, air preheater is sent by the second of high-temperature exhaust pipe and furnace body for the high-temperature exhaust pipe setting Port connection, second blower are arranged on high-temperature exhaust pipe.
The fume cleaning discharging mechanism include bag filter, spray column, chimney, air pump, demisting layer, the first jet pipe, Second jet pipe, desulfurization pump and circulating pump.The bag filter lower part is connected to the gas-guide tube, and bag filter upper end passes through pipe Road is connect with the spray column lower part, and spray column upper end gas outlet is connected to by the air pump with the chimney, the demisting layer Setting is arranged between spray column gas outlet and demisting layer in spray column internal upper part, first jet pipe, and second jet pipe is set It sets below demisting layer, the desulfurization pump is connect with the first jet pipe, the circulating pump connection spray tower bottom and the second jet pipe.
Preferably, outlet flue is set above the smoke exhaust pipe.
Preferably, the condenser side connects hot water circulating pump by pipeline.
Preferably, back taper gas hood is set between the smoke exhaust pipe and condenser.
Preferably, the pusher is screw conveyor.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The utility model waste incinerator heats the furnace gas after dedusting using mechanism by setting combustion gas, heats Furnace gas afterwards enters furnace body by high-temperature exhaust pipe, and the temperature of burner hearth is effectively guaranteed, and stablizes combustion position, and furnace gas obtains Secondary use reduces environmental pollution.By the way that bag filter and spray column is arranged to the gas double purification of discharge, effectively It is up to standard that flue gas emission is generated when ensure that combustion refuse, good dedusting effect.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model waste incinerator;
Fig. 2 is that the combustion gas of the utility model waste incinerator utilizes mechanism partial enlargement diagram.
Specific embodiment
It is specific embodiment of the utility model and in conjunction with attached drawing below, the technical solution of the utility model is made further Description, but the utility model is not limited to these examples.
Embodiment 1
A kind of waste incinerator, including burn mechanism, cyclone dust collectors 1, smoke exhaust pipe 2, combustion gas utilize mechanism, fume cleaning Discharging mechanism and gas-guide tube 3.The cyclone dust collectors 1 are arranged in burning mechanism, the side, top, and 1 upper end of cyclone dust collectors passes through The smoke exhaust pipe 2 utilizes mechanism connection with the combustion gas, and combustion gas discharges machine with fume cleaning by the gas-guide tube 3 using mechanism Structure connection.By setting cyclone dust collectors 1 and fume cleaning discharging mechanism, purify the flue gas of discharge repeatedly, effectively It is up to standard that flue gas emission is generated when ensure that combustion refuse, good dedusting effect.
The burning mechanism includes furnace body 4, smoke outlet 40, inlet 41, sewage pump 5, feed hopper 42, pusher 43, surveys Warm mouth 44, rotary fire grate 45, the first air taking port 46, the first blower 6, the second air taking port 47 and slag-drip opening 48.4 top of furnace body The smoke outlet 40 and inlet 41 is arranged in side, and furnace body 4 is connected to by smoke outlet 40 with cyclone dust collectors 1, the inlet 41 are connected to the sewage pump 5 by pipeline, and the feed hopper 42 is arranged in 4 other side of furnace body, and the setting of pusher 43 is being fed Struggling against, 42 lower parts are opposite with feed inlet, and the temperature-measuring port 44 is uniformly arranged on furnace body 4, and the rotary fire grate 45 is arranged in furnace body 4 Lower part, first air taking port 46 are arranged above rotary fire grate 45, and the first air taking port 46 passes through pipeline and first blower 6 Connection, second air taking port 47 are arranged below rotary fire grate 45, and the slag-drip opening 48 is arranged in 4 lower end of furnace body.
The combustion gas includes condenser 7, air preheater 8, high-temperature exhaust pipe 9 and the second blower 10 using mechanism.It is described 7 upper end of condenser is connected to smoke exhaust pipe 2, and the air preheater 8 is fixed at 7 lower section of condenser, and 8 lower end of air preheater connects Lead to the gas-guide tube 3, in 8 side of air preheater, air preheater 8 passes through high-temperature exhaust pipe 9 for the setting of high-temperature exhaust pipe 9 It is connect with the second air taking port 47 of furnace body 4, second blower 10 is arranged on high-temperature exhaust pipe 9.It is heated through air preheater 8 Furnace gas afterwards enters furnace body 4 by high-temperature exhaust pipe 9, and the temperature of burner hearth is effectively guaranteed, and stablizes combustion position, and furnace gas obtains To secondary use, reduce environmental pollution
The fume cleaning discharging mechanism includes bag filter 11, spray column 12, chimney 13, air pump 14, demisting layer 121, the first jet pipe 122, the second jet pipe 123, desulfurization pump 15 and circulating pump 16.It is led described in 11 lower part of the bag filter connection Tracheae 3,11 upper end of bag filter are connect by pipeline with 12 lower part of spray column, and 12 upper end gas outlet of spray column passes through institute It states air pump 14 to be connected to the chimney 13, the demisting layer 121 is arranged in 12 internal upper part of spray column, and first jet pipe 122 is set It sets between 12 gas outlet of spray column and demisting layer 121, second jet pipe 123 is arranged below demisting layer 121, the desulfurization Pump 15 is connect with the first jet pipe 122, and the circulating pump 16 is connected to 12 bottom of spray column and the second jet pipe 123.By the way that cloth bag is arranged The gas double purification of deduster 11 and 12 pairs of spray column discharges, good dedusting effect.
Combustion process: rubbish enters feed hopper 42 by grab bucket and delivers into furnace body 4 in rotary fire grate 45 through pusher 43 Upper burning, the first blower 6 convey the combustion air after heating into furnace body 4 and improve temperature in furnace body 4.Pass through dirt in burning process Water pump 5 sprayed from inlet 41 into furnace body 4 rubbish generation percolate, the furnace gas that incineration firing releases from smoke outlet 40 into Enter cyclone dust collectors 1 to be dusted, the furnace gas after dedusting is heated by condenser 7 into air preheater 8, is heated Furnace gas afterwards is entered by high-temperature exhaust pipe 9 from the second air taking port 47 of 45 lower section of rotary fire grate to be mixed with rubbish, after burning Gas sequentially enters bag filter 11 and spray column 12, is sprayed by desulfurization pump 15 and the first jet pipe 122 into spray column 12 Lye carries out desulfurization to gas, and circulating pump 16 makes the sprinkling of the liquid circulation in spray column 12 carry out mass transfer with gas close contact, Finally treated, and gas is discharged through chimney 13.
Embodiment 2
It is in place of the present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 1: outlet flue 17 is set above the smoke exhaust pipe 2, is convenient for the later period Maintenance or maintenance condenser 7.
Embodiment 3
Be in place of the present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 1: the 7 lower part side of condenser connect Indoor Thermal by pipeline Water-circulating pump 1618 rationally carries out heating of house using heat source, heat source is avoided to waste.
Embodiment 4
It is in place of the difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1: back taper gas is set between the smoke exhaust pipe 2 and condenser 7 Cover 19, comes into full contact with furnace gas with condenser 7.
Embodiment 5
Be in place of the present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 1: the pusher 43 is screw conveyor.
Finally, it is stated that above embodiments are merely intended for describing the technical solutions of the present application, but not for limiting the present application, this field Other modifications or equivalent replacement that those of ordinary skill makes the technical solution of the utility model, it is practical without departing from this The spirit and scope of new technique scheme should all cover in the scope of the claims of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of waste incinerator, it is characterised in that: including burn mechanism, cyclone dust collectors, smoke exhaust pipe, combustion gas using mechanism, Fume cleaning discharging mechanism and gas-guide tube;Burning mechanism, the side, top is arranged the cyclone dust collectors, on cyclone dust collectors End utilizes mechanism connection by the smoke exhaust pipe and the combustion gas, and combustion gas is arranged using mechanism by the gas-guide tube and fume cleaning Laying mechanism connection;
The burning mechanism include furnace body, smoke outlet, inlet, sewage pump, feed hopper, pusher, temperature-measuring port, rotary fire grate, First air taking port, the first blower, the second air taking port and slag-drip opening;The smoke outlet and feed liquor is arranged in the upper of furnace body side Mouthful, furnace body is connected to by smoke outlet with cyclone dust collectors, and the inlet is connected to the sewage pump, the furnace body other side by pipeline The feed hopper is set, and the pusher setting is opposite with feed inlet in feed hopper lower part, and the temperature-measuring port is uniformly arranged on furnace On body, the rotary fire grate setting is in lower portion of furnace body, and first air taking port is arranged above rotary fire grate, and the first air taking port is logical Piping is connected to first blower, and second air taking port is arranged below rotary fire grate, and the slag-drip opening is arranged in furnace Body lower end;
The combustion gas includes condenser, air preheater, high-temperature exhaust pipe and the second blower using mechanism;The upper end of condenser It is connected to smoke exhaust pipe, the air preheater is fixed at below condenser, and air preheater lower end is connected to the gas-guide tube, institute High-temperature exhaust pipe setting is stated in air preheater side, air preheater is connected by the second air taking port of high-temperature exhaust pipe and furnace body It connects, second blower is arranged on high-temperature exhaust pipe;
The fume cleaning discharging mechanism includes bag filter, spray column, chimney, air pump, demisting layer, the first jet pipe, second Jet pipe, desulfurization pump and circulating pump;The bag filter lower part is connected to the gas-guide tube, bag filter upper end by pipeline with The spray column lower part connection, spray column upper end gas outlet are connected to by the air pump with the chimney, the demisting layer setting In spray column internal upper part, first jet pipe is arranged between spray column gas outlet and demisting layer, and the second jet pipe setting exists Below demisting layer, the desulfurization pump is connect with the first jet pipe, the circulating pump connection spray tower bottom and the second jet pipe.
2. waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: outlet flue is arranged above the smoke exhaust pipe.
3. waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the condenser side is connected by pipeline Hot water circulating pump.
4. waste incinerator according to claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterised in that: set between the smoke exhaust pipe and condenser Set back taper gas hood.
5. waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pusher is screw conveyor.
CN201920021023.9U 2019-01-07 2019-01-07 A kind of waste incinerator Active CN209540899U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920021023.9U CN209540899U (en) 2019-01-07 2019-01-07 A kind of waste incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920021023.9U CN209540899U (en) 2019-01-07 2019-01-07 A kind of waste incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209540899U true CN209540899U (en) 2019-10-25

Family

ID=68268731

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920021023.9U Active CN209540899U (en) 2019-01-07 2019-01-07 A kind of waste incinerator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209540899U (en)

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