CN209431381U - A kind of biomass steam producer - Google PatentsA kind of biomass steam producer Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN209431381U CN209431381U CN201822107859.9U CN201822107859U CN209431381U CN 209431381 U CN209431381 U CN 209431381U CN 201822107859 U CN201822107859 U CN 201822107859U CN 209431381 U CN209431381 U CN 209431381U
- Prior art keywords
- Prior art date
- 239000002028 Biomass Substances 0.000 title claims abstract description 24
- 238000002485 combustion reactions Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 34
- 239000010410 layers Substances 0.000 claims abstract 19
- 239000003570 air Substances 0.000 claims abstract 10
- 239000002918 waste heat Substances 0.000 claims description 22
- 239000000779 smoke Substances 0.000 claims description 20
- 230000003020 moisturizing Effects 0.000 claims description 10
- 238000007599 discharging Methods 0.000 claims description 5
- 239000010865 sewage Substances 0.000 claims description 3
- 239000011901 water Substances 0.000 claims 4
- 239000000446 fuels Substances 0.000 abstract description 11
- 229910052760 oxygen Inorganic materials 0.000 abstract description 8
- 239000001301 oxygen Substances 0.000 abstract description 8
- 238000004134 energy conservation Methods 0.000 abstract description 2
- 238000011084 recovery Methods 0.000 description 12
- 239000003546 flue gas Substances 0.000 description 4
- 239000007789 gas Substances 0.000 description 3
- 239000008188 pellet Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000004458 analytical method Methods 0.000 description 1
- 229910002091 carbon monoxide Inorganic materials 0.000 description 1
- 238000010586 diagram Methods 0.000 description 1
- 201000010099 disease Diseases 0.000 description 1
- 239000000428 dust Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000002737 fuel gas Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000010438 heat treatment Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000004615 ingredient Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000002245 particle Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000002994 raw material Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000035484 reaction time Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000004064 recycling Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000007787 solid Substances 0.000 description 1
- Y—GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
- Y02—TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
- Y02E—REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
- Y02E20/00—Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
- Y02E20/34—Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery
A kind of biomass steam producer, including feed bin, feed device, combustion furnace, igniter, blower and steam generating box, the feed bin is connected with feed device, the feed device, igniter is connected to the combustion cavity of combustion furnace, the steam generating box is mounted in combustion furnace, the furnace body of the combustion furnace includes furnace body outer layer and furnace body internal layer, intake adit is equipped between the furnace body outer layer and furnace body internal layer, the blower passes through air supply tube I respectively and is connected with furnace body outer layer, it is connected by air supply tube II with feed device, the bottom of the furnace body internal layer is equipped with level for air port, the horizontal top for air port is equipped with a series of helically disks liter shape arrangement for air port.It can effectively solve burning using the utility model and supply oxygen insufficient problem, it can be achieved that biomass fuel completely burned, energy conservation and environmental protection.
The utility model relates to a kind of Steam generating furnaces, and in particular to a kind of biomass steam producer.
In the product of biomass combustion, sometimes with a large amount of combustible, lime-ash blacks, sometimes visible raw material discharge, And contain a large amount of carbon monoxide combustible component in the gas to burn.
Find to cause the factor of non-complete combustion of fuel mainly to have by analysis:
1. fire box temperature is inadequate, when being lower than 600 DEG C under normal circumstances, good burning structure cannot be established；
2. the air capacity supplied is not able to satisfy the needs of fuel ignition ingredient completely burned；
3. institute's oxygen supply is enough, bad due to being mixed, disorder of burning；
4. pellet moisture is too big, moisture is more than 45% or more fuel it is difficult to ensure that burning is normal；
5. fuel particle is excessive, it is unfavorable for the progress of combustion reaction；
6. the reaction time burnt is inadequate, interval is too short, and burning time is short；
7. ash content is excessive, ash content wraps up pellet, keeps burning velocity slow；
8. charging is too many, the bed of material is too thick, and gas-solid benign cannot mix.
However, problem insufficient for oxygen supply in evaporator burner hearth at present, does not find effective solution method also.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide a kind of can effectively solve to supply oxygen the biology of insufficient problem Matter Steam generating furnace.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model to solve the technical problem is as follows: a kind of biomass steam producer, including Feed bin, feed device, combustion furnace, igniter, blower and steam generating box, the feed bin is connected with feed device, described Feed device, igniter are connected to the combustion cavity of combustion furnace, and the steam generating box is mounted in combustion furnace, the burning The furnace body of furnace includes furnace body outer layer and furnace body internal layer, and intake adit, the wind are equipped between the furnace body outer layer and furnace body internal layer Machine passes through air supply tube I respectively and is connected with furnace body outer layer, is connected by air supply tube II with feed device, the furnace body internal layer Bottom be equipped with it is horizontal for air port, the horizontal top for air port be equipped with a series of helically disks rise shape arrangement for air port, with Realize that helical disk rises air feed.
Further, it is additionally provided with waste heat recovery room and waste-heated water-tank, the waste-heated water-tank is spaced into upper layer and lower layer, described remaining The upper layer of boiler is equipped with water inlet pipe and smoke exhaust pipe, and the smoke exhaust pipe is connected with the lower layer of waste-heated water-tank, the waste-heated water-tank Upper layer be connected by the first moisturizing pipeline with waste heat recovery room, the waste heat recovery room pass through the second moisturizing pipeline and steam Case occurs to be connected；The smoke outlet of the combustion furnace passes through the smoke discharging pipe being located in waste heat recovery room and the lower layer of waste-heated water-tank It is connected；The lower layer of the waste-heated water-tank is equipped with water supplement port and sewage draining exit.
Further, the smoke exhaust pipe is equipped with air-introduced machine.
Further, the steam generating box is equipped with water-level gauge.
Further, the waste heat recovery room is equipped with drainpipe.
Further, the biomass steam producer is additionally provided with a bracket, and four feet of the bracket are respectively equipped with movable pulley, It is more convenient to use so that whole device is mobile.
Further, the feed device is spiral feeder.
Further, it can be also equipped with control system, the control system is connected with feed device, igniter and blower.
The utility model blower is connected by air supply tube I with furnace body outer layer, can be preheated in intake adit to wind, Combustion efficiency is more preferable；It is connected by air supply tube II with feed device, is sufficiently mixed wind with biomass fuel, is reached in burning The heart has enough oxygen, and combustion efficiency is more preferable；By the way that level is arranged for air port, and in horizontal air feed in the bottom of furnace body internal layer Mouthful top be arranged a series of helically disks rise shapes arrangement for air port, be avoided that in the middle part of flame and showing for anoxic occur in top As that can make biomass fuel full combustion, not will cause tail gas and black and containing part fuel gas CO, can effectively solve oxygen supply Insufficient problem.
The utility model can not only recycle waste heat in flue gas by setting waste heat recovery room and waste-heated water-tank, and And it is avoided that the smoke pollution environment of discharge.
In brief, it can effectively solve burning using the utility model and supply oxygen insufficient problem, it can be achieved that biomass fuel Completely burned, energy conservation and environmental protection.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment；
In figure: 1. feed bins, 2. feed devices, 3. combustion furnaces, 3-1. furnace body outer layer, 3-2. furnace body internal layer, 3-2-1. are horizontal For air port, 3-2-2. helically disk rise shape arrangement for air port, 4. igniters, 5. blowers, 6. steam generating box, 7. air supply tubes I, 8. air supply tubes II, 9. waste heat recovery rooms, 10. waste-heated water-tanks, 11. water inlet pipes, 12. smoke exhaust pipes, 13. first moisturizing pipelines, 14. Second moisturizing pipeline, 15. smoke discharging pipes, 16. air-introduced machines.
The following is a further explanation of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Referring to Fig.1, a kind of biomass steam producer, including feed bin 1, feed device 2, combustion furnace 3, igniter 4, wind Machine 5 and steam generating box 6, the feed bin 1 are connected with feed device 2, the feed device 2, igniter 4 and combustion furnace 3 Combustion cavity connection, the steam generating box 6 is mounted in combustion furnace 3, and the furnace body of the combustion furnace 3 includes furnace body outer layer 3- 1 and furnace body internal layer 3-2, is equipped with intake adit between the furnace body outer layer 3-1 and furnace body internal layer 3-2, the blower 5 passes through respectively Air supply tube I 7 is connected with furnace body outer layer 3-1, is connected by air supply tube II 8 with feed device 2, the furnace body internal layer 3-2's Bottom is equipped with level for air port 3-2-1, and the horizontal top for air port 3-2-1 is equipped with a series of helically disks and rises shape arrangement For air port 3-2-2, to realize that helical disk rises air feed.
In the present embodiment, it is additionally provided with waste heat recovery room 9 and waste-heated water-tank 10, the waste-heated water-tank 10 is spaced into upper and lower two Layer, the upper layer of the waste-heated water-tank 10 are equipped with water inlet pipe 11 and smoke exhaust pipe 12, the lower layer of the smoke exhaust pipe 12 and waste-heated water-tank 10 It is connected, the upper layer of the waste-heated water-tank 10 is connected by the first moisturizing pipeline 13 with waste heat recovery room 9, the waste heat recycling Room 9 is connected by the second moisturizing pipeline 14 with steam generating box 6；The smoke outlet of the combustion furnace 3 is recycled by being located at waste heat Smoke discharging pipe 15 in room 9 is connected with the lower layer of waste-heated water-tank 10；The lower layer of the waste-heated water-tank 10 is equipped with water supplement port (in figure It is not shown) and sewage draining exit (not shown).The smoke exhaust pipe 12 is equipped with air-introduced machine (not shown).The steam generation Case 6 is equipped with water-level gauge (not shown).The waste heat recovery room 9 is equipped with drainpipe (not shown).
In the present embodiment, the steam generating box 6 is made of the heating tube being evenly arranged along 3 inner wall of combustion furnace.
In the present embodiment, the also settable bracket of the biomass steam producer, four feet of the bracket are respectively equipped with Movable pulley, it is more convenient to use so that whole device is mobile.
In the present embodiment, the feed device 2 is spiral feeder, belongs to the prior art.
In the present embodiment, it can also be equipped with control system, the control system and feed device 2, igniter 4 and blower 5 It is connected, to control the work of feed device 2, igniter 4 and blower 5.
When work, biomass fuel enters feed bin 1, is sent into combustion furnace 3 through feed device 2, in the effect of igniter 4 Under, biomass fuel is ignited；Wind caused by blower 5 is sent between furnace body outer layer 3-1 and furnace body internal layer 3-2 through air supply tube I 7 Intake adit, then horizontal through furnace body internal layer 3-2 enters combustion furnace 3 for air port 3-2-2 for air port 3-2-1 and inclination respectively It is inside supplied oxygen, carries out full combustion, meanwhile, wind caused by blower 5 is sent into feed device 2 through air supply tube II 8, with biology Matter fuel is sufficiently mixed, and burning is also more abundant；
At the same time, water enters the upper layer of waste-heated water-tank 10 through water inlet pipe 11, then enters waste heat through the first moisturizing pipeline 13 Recovery room 9, then enter steam generating box 6 through the second moisturizing pipeline 14, the water in steam generating box 6 is heated, and generates steam；Combustion Burn the lower layer that generated flue gas in furnace 3 enters waste-heated water-tank 10 through smoke discharging pipe, wherein the waste heat of flue gas is by waste heat recovery room Water in 9 absorbs, and waste heat is fully used, and dust and polluted gas in flue gas etc. is by the water in 10 lower layer of waste-heated water-tank It absorbs, smoke exhaust pipe 12 of the smog again through 10 upper layer of waste-heated water-tank, is discharged by air-introduced machine 16, to reduce the pollution to environment.
1. a kind of biomass steam producer, including feed bin, feed device, combustion furnace, igniter, blower and steam generation Case, the feed bin are connected with feed device, and the feed device, igniter are connected to the combustion cavity of combustion furnace, described Steam generating box is mounted in combustion furnace, it is characterised in that: the furnace body of the combustion furnace includes furnace body outer layer and furnace body internal layer, institute State between furnace body outer layer and furnace body internal layer be equipped with intake adit, the blower pass through respectively air supply tube I be connected with furnace body outer layer, It is connected by air supply tube II with feed device, the bottom of the furnace body internal layer is equipped with level for air port, and the level is for air port Top be equipped with a series of helically disks rise shape arrangement for air port.
2. biomass steam producer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be additionally provided with waste heat recovery room and remaining hot water Case, the waste-heated water-tank are spaced into upper layer and lower layer, and the upper layer of the waste-heated water-tank is equipped with water inlet pipe and smoke exhaust pipe, the smoke evacuation Pipe is connected with the lower layer of waste-heated water-tank, and the upper layer of the waste-heated water-tank is connected by the first moisturizing pipeline with waste heat recovery room Logical, the waste heat recovery room is connected by the second moisturizing pipeline with steam generating box；The smoke outlet of the combustion furnace passes through position Smoke discharging pipe in waste heat recovery room is connected with the lower layer of waste-heated water-tank；The lower layer of the waste-heated water-tank be equipped with water supplement port and Sewage draining exit.
3. biomass steam producer according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the smoke exhaust pipe is equipped with air-introduced machine.
4. biomass steam producer according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: set on the steam generating box There is water-level gauge.
5. biomass steam producer according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the waste heat recovery room is equipped with draining Pipe.
6. biomass steam producer according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: the biomass steam occurs Furnace is additionally provided with a bracket, and four feet of the bracket are respectively equipped with movable pulley.
7. biomass steam producer according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: the feed device is spiral Feed device.
8. biomass steam producer according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: it can be also equipped with control system, The control system is connected with feed device, igniter and blower.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201822107859.9U CN209431381U (en)||2018-12-16||2018-12-16||A kind of biomass steam producer|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201822107859.9U CN209431381U (en)||2018-12-16||2018-12-16||A kind of biomass steam producer|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN209431381U true CN209431381U (en)||2019-09-24|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201822107859.9U Active CN209431381U (en)||2018-12-16||2018-12-16||A kind of biomass steam producer|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN209431381U (en)|
- 2018-12-16 CN CN201822107859.9U patent/CN209431381U/en active Active
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