CN208720340U - A kind of double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys - Google Patents

A kind of double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208720340U
CN208720340U CN201821057737.7U CN201821057737U CN208720340U CN 208720340 U CN208720340 U CN 208720340U CN 201821057737 U CN201821057737 U CN 201821057737U CN 208720340 U CN208720340 U CN 208720340U
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photovoltaic
water
air
evaporator
power generation
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CN201821057737.7U
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潘清安
李相宏
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Shenzhen Pariworld New Energy Polytron Technologies Inc
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Shenzhen Pariworld New Energy Polytron Technologies Inc
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys, and the electricity output end and photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter of photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel are electrically connected, and photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter is with municipal power grid by being connected after channel selection switch with compressor;Compressor is connected with the air intake of water side condenser, gas outlet is connected after throttle valve with the air intake of air side evaporator, the gas outlet of air side evaporator is connected with the entrance of photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator, and the outlet of photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator is connected after gas-liquid separator with compressor.The evaporating temperature of heat pump system is improved, simultaneously by the temperature that the evaporation of heat pump reduces photovoltaic battery panel conducive to the efficiency for improving power generation and the heat production efficiency for improving heat pump;The temperature of control photovoltaic battery panel is opened in the start and stop that wind side evaporator fan is carried out by temperature control, is heated photovoltaic power generation and heat pump and is reached good matching effect, prevents that photovoltaic battery panel is caused to overheat and be subcooled, not only simple but also energy saving.

Description

A kind of double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys
Technical field
The utility model relates to heating plant field, more specifically to a kind of double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys.
Background technique
Traditional net for air-source heat pump units is made of devices such as compressor, heat exchanger, flow controller, heat dump, compressors A heat pump circulating system.Refrigerant is under the action of compressor in system internal circulation flow.It completes gaseous state in compressor Boosting temperature-rise period (temperature is up to 100 DEG C), it, which enters after heat exchanger, carries out heat with wind and exchanges, cooled and be converted into stream Liquid, after it runs to heat dump, liquid, which absorbs heat to evaporate rapidly, is again converted to gaseous state, while temperature drops to subzero 20 DEG C --- 30 DEG C, at this moment low-temperature heat quantity continuously will be passed to refrigerant by the air on heat dump periphery.Refrigerant is constantly Recycle the process that the low-temperature heat quantity being achieved that in air is changed into high temperature heat and heats cold water process or the hot water that cools down.It is empty Air supply heat pump water chiller-heater unit is that one kind can substitute water cooler+boiler air conditioner cold-heat source device, cold with easy for installation The advantages that heat is multi-functional, and energy consumption is few, and environmental pollution is small is increasingly becoming the air conditioner cold-heat source device of mainstream.
General traditional net for air-source heat pump units is only with air as heat source.In actual application, by sky Temperature degree is affected, by certain region limitation.Efficiency is relatively low at low ambient temperatures, the stability of unit compared with Difference.Winter is influenced greatly by air-side heat exchanger frosting, and overall efficiency is lower.Air energy heat pump also needs individually to provide electricity Source, some power supply installations from far-off regions are inconvenient.Because these reasons are so as to cause the application of entire air energy thermal pump assembly Limitation.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is the low unit of efficiency for solving air source heat pump under low ambient temperature The problem of stability difference.
The utility model provides a kind of double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys in order to solve problem above, and feature exists In including compressor, water side condenser, insulated water tank, water circulating pump, throttle valve, evaporation side blower, air side evaporator, gas-liquid Separator, photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter, photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel and photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator, photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel Electricity output end and photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter are electrically connected, photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter and municipal power grid pass through after channel selection switch with compressor phase Connection;Compressor is connected with the air intake of water side condenser, and gas outlet enters gas with air side evaporator after throttle valve Mouth is connected, and the gas outlet of air side evaporator is connected with the entrance of photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator, and photovoltaic panel is steamed with cooling The outlet of hair device is connected after gas-liquid separator with compressor.
Double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys, it is characterised in that the water outlet of insulated water tank passes through water pipe and water The water inlet of side condenser is connected, and the water outlet of water side condenser is connected with the water inlet of insulated water tank, and access is equipped with Water circulating pump.
Double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys, it is characterised in that the photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel are equipped with Temperature sensor.
Double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys, feature use anhydrous cooling in photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator Evaporator.
Implement the utility model has the following beneficial effects: the combination design by photovoltaic system and heat pump system mentions significantly The energy-saving effect of high whole system, can stable operation heat production in the case where zero energy consumption.It is designed, can be used using dual power supply City's electric drive can also directly photovoltaic power generation drive, the application in remote districts of the heat pump greatly improved, and more supernumerary segment Energy;The temperature of photovoltaic battery panel can be reduced by the evaporation of heat pump while improving the evaporating temperature of heat pump system, this Not only improve the efficiency for improving and generating electricity can be improved the heat production efficiency of heat pump again;Wind side evaporator wind is carried out by temperature control The temperature of control photovoltaic battery panel is opened in the start and stop of machine, is heated photovoltaic power generation and heat pump and is reached good matching effect, anti-major structure It overheats and is subcooled at photovoltaic battery panel, it is not only simple but also energy saving.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assembly composition system block diagrams.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without creative efforts Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
Fig. 1 is double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assembly composition system block diagrams;Double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assembly packets Include compressor 1, water side condenser 2, insulated water tank 3, water circulating pump 4, throttle valve 5, evaporation side blower 6, air side evaporator 7, Gas-liquid separator 8, photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter 9, photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10, photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator 11 and connection copper The refrigerant composition of pipe and its internal system circulation.9 electricity of the electricity output end of photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10 and photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter Gas connection, photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter 8 is with municipal power grid by being connected after channel selection switch with compressor 1.Compressor and water side are cold The air intake of condenser 2 is connected, and gas outlet is connected after throttle valve 5 with the air intake of air side evaporator 7, and air side is steamed The gas outlet of hair device 7 is connected with photovoltaic panel with the entrance of cooling evaporator 11, the outlet warp of photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator 11 It is connected after crossing gas-liquid separator 8 with compressor 1.The water outlet of insulated water tank 3 passes through the water inlet of water pipe and water side condenser 2 It is connected, the water outlet of water side condenser 2 is connected with the water inlet of insulated water tank 3, and access is equipped with water circulating pump 4.
Its concrete operating principle is as follows: being indicated by flow path shown in black arrow, heat pump system carries out operation and generates heat Water, and be stored in insulated water tank 3.Photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10 receive solar radiation and generate electricity, and with its power generation Electric energy is powered by the compressor 1 after photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter 9 to heat pump system, supports its operation.In entire power generation process Photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10 can generate heat, and the temperature raising of photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10 influences whether that photovoltaic power generation is effect Rate.Heat pump system is by being arranged in the temperature sensor T1 of photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10 to photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10 Temperature detected.When temperature is higher than preset value, evaporation side blower 6 is out of service, the heat of entire heat pump system It is drawn from photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10 by photovoltaic panel with cooling evaporator 11.To reduce photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10 temperature, refrigerant are mainly real with the heat absorbed on photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10 in cooling evaporator 11 in photovoltaic panel It now evaporates, improves generating efficiency, while also improving the heat production efficiency of heat pump.When T1 is detected lower than certain particular value, evaporation side Blower 6 opens operation, and the caloric receptivity of heat pump system mainly passes through air side evaporator 7 and draws from air.In whole process, steam Hair crosswind machine 6 can follow up be arranged in photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel 10 temperature sensor T1 feedback temperature value automatically carry out It controls to adjust, guarantees the heat production efficiency for also taking into account heat pump unit while photovoltaic efficiency.
When photovoltaic power generation, which is unable to satisfy compressor, to run well, the power switching of compressor is given to heat to by mains system The compressor 1 of pumping system is powered, and supports its operation.The operation whole process evaporation side blower 6 of this heat pump system is always It opens, the caloric receptivity of heat pump system mainly passes through air side evaporator 7 and draws from air.Photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator simultaneously The anhydrous design of 11 Niu Caiyong, there is no freezing, this ensure that without novel double heat sources in the case of solar radiation Photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assembly safety in operation.
Above disclosed is only a kind of the utility model embodiment, cannot limit the utility model certainly with this Interest field, those skilled in the art can understand all or part of the processes for realizing the above embodiment, and according to this reality The equivalent variations made by novel claim, still falls within the scope of the utility model.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys, it is characterised in that including compressor, water side condenser, insulated water tank, Water circulating pump, throttle valve, evaporation side blower, air side evaporator, gas-liquid separator, photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter, photovoltaic power generation plate and electricity The electricity output end of pond plate and photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator, photovoltaic power generation plate and solar panel and photovoltaic DC-to-AC converter are electrically connected, light Inverter is lied prostrate with municipal power grid by being connected after channel selection switch with compressor;The air intake of compressor and water side condenser Be connected, gas outlet is connected after throttle valve with the air intake of air side evaporator, the gas outlet of air side evaporator with The entrance of photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator is connected, the outlet of photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator after gas-liquid separator with compression Machine is connected.
2. double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the water outlet of insulated water tank It is connected by water pipe with the water inlet of water side condenser, the water outlet of water side condenser is connected with the water inlet of insulated water tank It connects, access is equipped with water circulating pump.
3. double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the photovoltaic power generation plate and Solar panel is equipped with temperature sensor.
4. double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys according to claim 3, feature is in photovoltaic panel cooling evaporator Using anhydrous cooling evaporator.
CN201821057737.7U 2018-07-05 2018-07-05 A kind of double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys Active CN208720340U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821057737.7U CN208720340U (en) 2018-07-05 2018-07-05 A kind of double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821057737.7U CN208720340U (en) 2018-07-05 2018-07-05 A kind of double heat source photovoltaic air energy thermal pump assemblys

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111397251A (en) * 2020-02-29 2020-07-10 天津大学 Novel photoelectric and photo-thermal comprehensive utilization heat pump system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111397251A (en) * 2020-02-29 2020-07-10 天津大学 Novel photoelectric and photo-thermal comprehensive utilization heat pump system

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