CN207963199U - Solar heat pump and water heating system - Google Patents

Solar heat pump and water heating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207963199U
CN207963199U CN201721667589.6U CN201721667589U CN207963199U CN 207963199 U CN207963199 U CN 207963199U CN 201721667589 U CN201721667589 U CN 201721667589U CN 207963199 U CN207963199 U CN 207963199U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
evaporator
water
heating system
side part
solar
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721667589.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴小华
宋耀楠
杨绪飞
孙东亮
宇波
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Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology
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Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology
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Priority to CN201721667589.6U priority Critical patent/CN207963199U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

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  • Heat-Pump Type And Storage Water Heaters (AREA)

Abstract

This application involves solar heat pump and water heating systems, including:Solar water heating system, including solar panels (1), coil pipe (2) and water pump (19), the input terminal of coil pipe and the output end of water pump connect;Heat pump hot-water system, including condenser (6) and evaporator, compressor (15) is provided between the input terminal of the tube side part of condenser and the output end of the tube side part of evaporator, throttle valve (8) is provided between the output end of the tube side part of condenser and the input terminal of the tube side part of evaporator, wherein, the output end of coil pipe is connect with the first end of water supply and the shell side part of condenser respectively by the first triple valve (5), the second end of the shell side part of condenser is connect by the 4th valve (16) with the input terminal of water pump, the third end of the shell side part of condenser is connect with user terminal.The solar water heating system of the application is suitable for a variety of environment, and the working efficiency of solar water heating system is higher, and whole system stability is preferable.

Description

Solar heat pump and water heating system
Technical field
This application involves hot-water heating systems, and in particular, in conjunction with solar panels and heat pump, can provide electricity, heat to the user Water and/or cold air, and the preferable solar heat pump and water heating system of stability of hot-water heating system.
Background technology
Water heater experienced four-stage:Gas heater, electric heater, solar water heater and Teat pump boiler.
It is well known that gas heater heating speed is fast, can be used continuously, but cannot oneself temperature adjustment, and have high energy The shortcomings that consumption;Electric heater lasts a long time, Environmental Safety, but also with respect to the high problem of electricity consumption.
In contrast, solar water heater and Teat pump boiler meet the idea of development of green energy conservation.But solar heat Hydrophone is affected by weather, at intensity of illumination small rainy days, haze sky or night, the electric assistant starting of solar water heater Time can lengthen, and energy consumption is caused to have a larger increase.In addition, solar panels, under prolonged illumination, circuit below can rise Temperature causes the working efficiency of water heater to decrease, or even there are security risks.The heat pump of forth generation product as water heater Water heater is divided into air source heat pump, water resource heat pump and earth source heat pump, wherein technology is most advanced and the most frequently used according to heat source difference Air source heat pump no matter the cloudy day, the rainy day, snowy day, night or it is sunny can as usual work, round-the-clock offer hot water.But It is that under cryogenic, heating efficiency is low, and territory of use is limited by environment temperature and (is limited to hot summer and warm winter region use).
Therefore, need at present a kind of environmental suitability that capableing of sustainable supply hot water under a variety of illumination and environment temperature compared with The good and higher hot-water heating system of job stability.
Utility model content
The purpose of the application is to provide a kind of preferable simultaneously higher hot-water heating system of job stability of environmental suitability.
In order to achieve the above object, the application provides a kind of solar heat pump and water heating system, wherein the solar heat pump Hot-water heating system includes:Solar water heating system, the solar water heating system include solar panels, are arranged on the solar panels Coil pipe and water pump, the input terminal of the coil pipe connect with the output end of the water pump;Heat pump hot-water system, the heat-pump hot-water System includes condenser and evaporator, the input terminal of the tube side part of the condenser and the tube side part of the evaporator it is defeated Compressor, the input of the output end of the tube side part of the condenser and the tube side part of the evaporator are provided between outlet Throttle valve is provided between end, wherein the output end of the coil pipe by the first triple valve respectively with water supply and described cold The first end of the shell side part of condenser connects, and the second end of the shell side part of the condenser passes through the 4th valve and the water pump Input terminal connection, the third end of the shell side part of the condenser is connect with user terminal.
Preferably, the evaporator may include the first evaporator and the second evaporator being connected in parallel, and described first steams The input end of the input end and second evaporator of sending out device is respectively arranged with the second valve and third valve, and described first The input terminal of the output end and the compressor of the output end of evaporator and second evaporator is connected by the second triple valve It connects.
Preferably, first evaporator can be water source heat-exchanger rig, first evaporator include tube side part and Shell side part, the first end of the shell side part of first evaporator by the first valve be connected to the coil pipe output end and Between first triple valve, the output end of the shell side part of first evaporator, the input terminal of the water pump and described 4th valve is connected by third triple valve.
Preferably, second evaporator is air-source heat-exchanger rig.
Preferably, it is provided with fan on the shell of second evaporator.
Preferably, the solar panels are solar photovoltaic cell panel, and the solar panels are by inverter and exchange turn Parallel operation is connect with power grid.
Preferably, the solar panels are solar photovoltaic cell panel, and the solar panels pass through inverter and storage Battery connects.
Preferably, the power grid or the accumulator are connect with the compressor.
Preferably, the compressor is controlled by frequency conversion system.
Preferably, the throttle valve is electric expansion valve.
Through the above technical solutions, in solar heat pump and water heating system provided by the present application, pass through the tube side portion of condenser Divide and solar water heating system is dexterously combined as a whole with heat pump hot-water system, it, can under a variety of illumination and temperature environment It selects one or solar water heating system and heat pump hot-water system is used in combination, therefore environmental suitability is preferable, and cause solar energy The waste heat that plate working efficiency reduces is recycled in supply hot water, not only conforms with the big situation of energy-saving and emission-reduction, solar energy The working efficiency of hot-water heating system is higher, improves whole system stability.
Description of the drawings
Attached drawing is for providing further understanding of the present application, and a part for constitution instruction, with following tool Body embodiment is used to explain the application together, but does not constitute the limitation to the application.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the connection diagram of the solar heat pump and water heating system of preferred embodiment provided by the present application;
Fig. 2 is the solar water heating system in the solar heat pump and water heating system of preferred embodiment provided by the present application Shown with the structure chart of the solar panels of coil pipe;
Fig. 3 is the connection signal of the first operating mode of the solar heat pump and water heating system of preferred embodiment provided by the present application Figure;
Fig. 4 is the connection signal of the second operating mode of the solar heat pump and water heating system of preferred embodiment provided by the present application Figure;
Fig. 5 is the connection signal of the third operating mode of the solar heat pump and water heating system of preferred embodiment provided by the present application Figure.
Reference sign
1 solar panels, 2 coil pipe
3 inverter, 4 alternation device
5 first triple valve, 6 condenser
7 first valve, 8 throttle valve
9 first evaporator, 10 second valve
11 third valve, 12 second evaporator
13 fan, 14 second triple valve
The 4th valve of 15 compressor 16
17 third triple valve, 18 power grid
19 water pumps
Specific implementation mode
The specific implementation mode of the application is described in detail below in conjunction with attached drawing.It should be understood that this place is retouched The specific implementation mode stated is only used for describing and explaining the application, is not intended to limit this application.
In the following description, for condenser 6, " first end " is the input terminal of water, and " third end " is the output end of water, and " second end " can be the input terminal or output end of water under different operating modes.
Referring to Figures 1 and 2, the application provides a kind of solar heat pump and water heating system, which includes solar heat water system System and heat pump hot-water system.
Solar water heating system includes solar panels 1, coil pipe 2 and water pump 19.Coil pipe 2 is arranged on solar panels 1, and And the input terminal of coil pipe 2 is connect with the output end of water pump 19.
Heat pump hot-water system includes condenser 6 and evaporator.The pipe of the input terminal and evaporator of the tube side part of condenser 6 Compressor 15 is provided between the output end of journey part, which can be controlled by frequency conversion system, realize different operating modes It is lower using different power outputs, save energy consumption.The output end of the tube side part of condenser 6 and the tube side part of evaporator it is defeated Enter and is provided with throttle valve 8 between holding, which can be electric expansion valve, but not limited to this.
On this basis, the output end of coil pipe 2 passes through the first triple valve 5 shell side with water supply and condenser 6 respectively Partial first end connection, the second end of the shell side part of condenser 6 are connect by the 4th valve 16 with the input terminal of water pump 19, The third end of the shell side part of condenser 6 is connect with user terminal.
Coil pipe 2, the shell side part of condenser 6, water pump 19 form a circulation waterway as a result, the circulation waterway with too Positive energy plate 1 together constitutes solar water heating system.Tap water is supplied by the first triple valve 5 to above-mentioned circulation waterway, is passed through The shell side part of condenser 6, a part of water flow to coil pipe 2 from the second end of condenser 6 by water pump 19, in coil pipe 2 It is its amount of makeup water when water shortage, with cycling use of water.At the same time, when the water in coil pipe 2 passes through solar panels 1, one is taken away (under the prolonged illumination of solar panels, the circuit below solar panels heats up and causes the heat that part solar panels 1 absorb Entire solar water heating system working efficiency reduces), to improve the working efficiency of solar panels 1 so that whole system Job stability is elevated.At the same time, water is heated, and is supplied to user by the third end of the shell side part of condenser 6. It is the process that solar water heating system generates hot water above.
The course of work of heat pump hot-water system is:After refrigerant is by evaporator evaporation endothermic, two are compressed by compressor 15 The gas for becoming high temperature and pressure into the tube side part of condenser 6 and condenses heat release, to make the shell side part of condenser 6 Water is heated, and condensed refrigerant recycles by throttle valve 8 is again introduced into evaporator, and the water after heating passes through condensation The third end of the shell side part of device 6 is supplied to user.
When two hot-water heating systems work together, the water after the heating of solar panels 1 is entered by the first triple valve 5 to be condensed Behind the shell side part of device 6, the refrigerant in the tube side part of condenser 6 is heated again when condensing heat release, eventually by cold The third end of the shell side part of condenser 6 supplies hot water to user.
Based on solar heat pump and water heating system provided by the present application the sun is only run when solar illuminating radiates abundance It can hot-water heating system;When solar illuminating radiates wretched insufficiency, heat pump hot-water system is only run;When passing through solar water heating system When being insufficient for user demand, two hot-water heating systems can work together.Therefore, solar heat pump and water heating system provided by the present application System can provide hot water to the user under a variety of illumination and temperature condition, improve the environmental suitability of hot-water heating system.In addition, two A hot-water heating system is dexterously combined as a whole by the tube side part of condenser so that whole system is simple in structure, improves and is The integrated level of system.
Evaporator in heat pump hot-water system provided by the present application may include the first evaporator 9 and second being connected in parallel The input end of evaporator 12, the input end of the first evaporator 9 and the second evaporator 12 is respectively arranged with 10 He of the second valve The input terminal of third valve 11, the output end and compressor 15 of the output end of the first evaporator 9 and the second evaporator 12 passes through Second triple valve 14 connects.
The type of two evaporators may be the same or different.For example, two evaporators may each be water source heat exchange dress It sets or air-source heat-exchanger rig.In the application, it is preferable that the first evaporator 9 is water source heat-exchanger rig.Specifically, the first evaporation Device 9 includes tube side part and shell side part, and the first end of the shell side part of the first evaporator 9 is connected to disk by the first valve 7 Between the output end of pipe 2 and the first triple valve 5, the output end of the shell side part of the first evaporator 9, the input terminal of water pump 19 and 4th valve 16 is connected by third triple valve 17.When refrigerant in the tube side part of first evaporator 9 evaporates, shell side is absorbed The heat of the water of partial interior takes away solar energy after the water after cooling enters solar water heating system by third triple valve 17 The more heats of plate, to improve the working efficiency of whole system.
In addition, as shown in Figure 1, the second evaporator 12 preferably use air-source heat-exchanger rig, while preferably second evaporation Fan 13 is provided on the shell of device 12.When environment temperature is higher, runs the second evaporator 12 and open fan 13, the second evaporation Refrigerant evaporation endothermic in device 12 and absorb the heat in surrounding air, so that ambient air temperature is reduced and is generated cold air, wind Fan 13 provides cold air to ambient enviroment, by the cooperation of the second evaporator 12 and fan 13, is output to the cold air in air Amount is more.Therefore, hot-water heating system provided by the present application can also provide cold air.
Hereinafter, the preferred embodiment that will continue to introduce solar water heating system.
Solar panels 1 can be collecting plate, to be only used for heat supply, but not limited to this.Preferably, it is provided by the present application too It is positive can plate 1 be solar photovoltaic cell panel, can not only heat supply (heat supply part is being described in detail above), and can be for Electricity.Solar panels 1 can be connect by inverter 3 and a-c transducer 4 with power grid 18, and inverter 3 and electric power storage can also be passed through Pond connects.At this point, power grid 18 or accumulator are connect with compressor 15, to power to compressor 15, the electricity that internal system generates supplies To the component to internal system.
More than, the structure and its advantage of the solar water heating system of the application has been described in detail.Hereinafter, will be explained in The operating process of the solar water heating system of the application under a variety of environment.It should be noted that in the following description, Ge Gesan " upper end " of port valve, " left end ", " right end " are illustrated on the basis of orientation shown in attached drawing, are not real spaces In orientation.
Operating mode one:Solar water heating system works independently
Under conditions of solar illuminating radiates sufficient, only runs solar water heating system and just disclosure satisfy that user demand When, solar water heating system works independently.Concrete operations are:Open the first triple valve 5, the 4th valve 16, third triple valve 17 Upper end entrance and left end outlet and water pump 19, and close the first valve 7, throttle valve 8, the second valve 10, third valve 11, the second triple valve 14, the right end entrance of third triple valve 17 and fan 13.
Tap water is supplied by the first triple valve 5 to the shell side part of condenser 6, and water flows to coil pipe 2 by water pump 19, from And be its amount of makeup water when water shortage in coil pipe 2, with cycling use of water, and when the water in coil pipe 2 passes through solar panels 1, It takes away the heat of the absorption of a part of solar panels 1 and is warmed, the third end that the water after heating passes through the shell side part of condenser 6 It supplies to user.
Operating mode two:Solar water heating system and heat pump hot-water system associated working
It is general in solar illuminating radiation, when only operation solar water heating system is insufficient for user demand, solar energy Hot-water heating system and heat pump hot-water system associated working.Concrete operations are:Open the first triple valve 5, the 4th valve 16, third threeway Upper end entrance and the left end outlet of valve 17, throttle valve 8, third valve 11, the left end outlet of the second triple valve 14 and right end entrance, Fan 13 and water pump 19, and close the upper end entrance of the first valve 7, the second valve 10, the second triple valve 14.
The heating process of solar water heating system is identical as the description in operating mode one, therefore repeats no more.Heat Pump water system In system, condenser 6 and the second evaporator 12 are run, closes the first evaporator 9, tap water is once added by solar water heating system After heat, into the shell side part of condenser 6 and reheating, to reach user demand.In addition, opening fan 13, Neng Gouwei Ambient enviroment provides cold air.
Operating mode three:Heat pump hot-water system works independently
Under conditions of solar illuminating radiates wretched insufficiency, solar water heating system is closed, only runs Heat Pump water system System.Concrete operations are:Open the lower inlet and left end outlet, the first valve 7, throttle valve 8, the second valve of the first triple valve 5 10, third valve 11, the second triple valve 14, the 4th valve 16, third triple valve 17, and close the right end of the first triple valve 5 Outlet, fan 13 and water pump 19.
Under this operating mode, the first evaporator 9 and the second evaporator are run simultaneously.Tap water is flowed by the first triple valve 5 Pipeline where first valve 7, flows into the shell side part of the first evaporator 9, passes through third triple valve 17 and the 4th later later Valve 16 flow into condenser 6 shell side part, after being heated herein, by the third end of the shell side part of condenser 6 supply to User.
The preferred embodiment of the application is described in detail above in association with attached drawing, still, the application is not limited to above-mentioned reality The detail in mode is applied, in the range of the technology design of the application, a variety of letters can be carried out to the technical solution of the application Monotropic type, these simple variants belong to the protection domain of the application.
It is further to note that specific technical features described in the above specific embodiments, in not lance In the case of shield, can be combined by any suitable means, in order to avoid unnecessary repetition, the application to it is various can The combination of energy no longer separately illustrates.
In addition, arbitrary combination can also be carried out between a variety of different embodiments of the application, as long as it is without prejudice to originally The thought of application equally should be considered as content disclosed in the present application.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of solar heat pump and water heating system, which is characterized in that the solar heat pump and water heating system includes:
Solar water heating system, the solar water heating system include solar panels (1), are arranged on the solar panels (1) The input terminal of coil pipe (2) and water pump (19), the coil pipe (2) is connect with the output end of the water pump (19);
Heat pump hot-water system, the heat pump hot-water system include condenser (6) and evaporator, the tube side part of the condenser (6) Input terminal and the evaporator tube side part output end between be provided with compressor (15), the pipe of the condenser (6) Throttle valve (8) is provided between the input terminal of the tube side part of the output end of journey part and the evaporator,
Wherein, the output end of the coil pipe (2) by the first triple valve (5) respectively with water supply and the condenser (6) The first end of shell side part connects, and the second end of the shell side part of the condenser (6) passes through the 4th valve (16) and the water The input terminal connection of (19) is pumped, the third end of the shell side part of the condenser (6) is connect with user terminal.
2. solar heat pump and water heating system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the evaporator includes being connected in parallel The first evaporator (9) and the second evaporator (12), the input end and second evaporator of first evaporator (9) (12) input end is respectively arranged with the second valve (10) and third valve (11), the output end of first evaporator (9) It is connected by the second triple valve (14) with the output end of second evaporator (12) and the input terminal of the compressor (15).
3. solar heat pump and water heating system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that first evaporator (9) is water Source heat-exchanger rig, first evaporator (9) include tube side part and shell side part,
The first end of the shell side part of first evaporator (9) is connected to the output of the coil pipe (2) by the first valve (7) Between end and first triple valve (5),
The output end of the shell side part of first evaporator (9), the input terminal of the water pump (19) and the 4th valve (16) it is connected by third triple valve (17).
4. solar heat pump and water heating system according to claim 3, which is characterized in that second evaporator (12) is sky Air source heat-exchanger rig.
5. solar heat pump and water heating system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that outside second evaporator (12) Fan (13) is provided on shell.
6. solar heat pump and water heating system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the solar panels (1) are the sun Energy photovoltaic battery panel, the solar panels (1) are connect by inverter (3) and a-c transducer (4) with power grid (18), the electricity Net (18) is connect with the compressor (15).
7. solar heat pump and water heating system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the solar panels (1) are the sun Energy photovoltaic battery panel, and the solar panels (1) are connect by inverter (3) with accumulator, the accumulator and the pressure Contracting machine (15) connects.
8. solar heat pump and water heating system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the compressor (15) passes through frequency conversion System controls.
9. solar heat pump and water heating system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the throttle valve (8) is that electronics is swollen Swollen valve.
CN201721667589.6U 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 Solar heat pump and water heating system Expired - Fee Related CN207963199U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721667589.6U CN207963199U (en) 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 Solar heat pump and water heating system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721667589.6U CN207963199U (en) 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 Solar heat pump and water heating system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207963199U true CN207963199U (en) 2018-10-12

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721667589.6U Expired - Fee Related CN207963199U (en) 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 Solar heat pump and water heating system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108362015A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-08-03 北京石油化工学院 Solar heat pump and water heating system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108362015A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-08-03 北京石油化工学院 Solar heat pump and water heating system

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Granted publication date: 20181012