CN208624110U - A kind of adjustable potato excavation conveying shovel - Google Patents

A kind of adjustable potato excavation conveying shovel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208624110U
CN208624110U CN201820271514.4U CN201820271514U CN208624110U CN 208624110 U CN208624110 U CN 208624110U CN 201820271514 U CN201820271514 U CN 201820271514U CN 208624110 U CN208624110 U CN 208624110U
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China
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conveying
potato
bar
spring
excavates
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张健伟
徐曼
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张健伟
徐曼
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Abstract

A kind of adjustable potato of the utility model excavates conveying shovel, including excavates and conveying member, regulating mechanism and appliance stand.It excavates and conveying mainly adjusts bar by excavation part, conveying member and coupled preloading spring and vertically, and determine sleeve and excavate the compositions such as part installation pin shaft.Adjustment mechanism mainly by vertical axes and left and right pillar, compressed spring and adjustment cross bar and servo motor and and its with it cooperates cam boss matching pair to form.Appliance stand is mainly made of trifilar suspension flange and its flange seat, upper bracket and lower bracket.Excavation is connected with conveying mechanism with regulating mechanism, and regulating mechanism is connected with appliance stand.The problem of device solves existing digger blade since excavating depth is consistent, and two sides adjustment is difficult, and potato fruit dew in hillside fields is caused to receive and damage fruit.Device is separated the broken soil excavated and potato fruit using conveying member, and the structure of device is simple, is particularly suitable for the potato harvest of planting soil gradient irregular area.

Description

A kind of adjustable potato excavation conveying shovel
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of adjustable potatos to excavate conveying shovel, belong to agricultural mechanical field, be especially suitable for horse The soil out-of-flatness of bell planting potato, and the irregular planting site of the gradient uses.
Background technique
Agriculture plantation is the foundation stone of crops healthy growth, is the basic document and the subject of labour of human survival.China is One large agricultural country, cultivated area are about 20.24 hundred million mu, account for about the 20.9% of total national territorial area, land resource is abundant, by landform Land resource can be divided into plateau, mountainous region, hills, Plain, basin, and all kinds of land resources are unevenly distributed, wherein mountainous region and hills Area accounts for about the 43% of the gross area, is mainly distributed on Southwestern China, the southeast and the Northwest.Not due to China distribution of water resources pole Equilibrium and the big otherness of the friendship of weather conditions, for the fertility of different regions there is significant difference, raising accounts for about half The agricultural productive force in the mountain and hill soil of area improves peasant's productivity effect, is that relevant technical worker, peasant and government are total With the target pursued.
Potato is also known as potato, potato, foreign sweet potato etc., is the fourth-largest important cereal crops in the whole world, China is in the world Produce the most country of potato.Potato has a plantation throughout our country, major producing area be Southwestern China mountain area, northwest, The Inner Mongol and the Northeast, the sown area of Southwest Mountainous Areas is maximum in these areas, accounts for about the 1/3 of national total area, wherein expensive State is potato big producing province, China, and for the long-term cultivated area of the whole province at 8,000,000 mu or more, cultivated area occupies national forefront, cloud It is more than 740 ten thousand mu that south, which saves potato planting area, and Chongqing potato planting area is more than 540 ten thousand mu, these three provinces are due to equal In southwest, low latitudes is lower, and domestic height above sea level differs greatly, and Features of Microclimate In Plastic is obvious, can cultivate throughout the year.But this Three provinces are in southwest, and potato is planted in the area on mountainous region or hills, the soil and flat land in these areas mostly The soil difference in area has certain gradient, during potato planting, can only plant along slope surface, so for different positions Potato crop plant is set, the distribution of root system in the soil is also different, the root system of potato point when slope surface is relatively low Cloth is whole also relatively low, and with the raising of slope surface, potato Root Distribution is integrally also improved, at the same Mountainous areas it Between, the gradient otherness of soil is larger, and potato Root Distribution is due to the gradient, so leading to the distribution of potato fruit Also certain difference is presented, due to presently, there are vehicle-mounted potato lifter structure belong to level land or slope change range is smaller The case where, larger for the gradient and irregular potato mountain and hill plantation is easy to cause fruit damage rate during harvest higher, Productivity effect is influenced, this just provides certain difficulty in southwest mechanized cultivation and scale operation to potato.
Currently, being related to the related patents of potato harvest digging mechanism has: potato picker is adjustable frame body (2012104923882), which is the width for adjusting potato harvest, also the depth of adjustable harvest, no It is able to satisfy in the mountain and hill area potato harvest with certain slope;A kind of digger blade harvesting potato (2015105956209), which is detachably arranged on shovel frame crossbeam, and passes through shovel face incidence regulating mechanism and the edge of shovel Digger blade is adjusted in bevel angle adjustment mechanism, with reduce harvest when tractive resistance and power consumption, the shovel face of the digger blade and Edge of shovel adjusting is the adjustment of whole digger blade, and used it is impossible to meet gradient potato harvest;Oscillatory type potato is excavated Mechanism (2017107404654), the device support installation limit crossbeam on two limit bases, install respectively on two support bases Central axis is completed to vibrate using eccentric wheel, and the scope of application of device is wider, but not for the applicability of gradient potato excavation It is very high.Above-mentioned patent is the angle by adjusting digger blade and the edge of shovel, or width by adjusting rack and angle are completed It adjusts, can satisfy different working condition requirements to a certain extent, but this adjusting can not fully meet mountain and hill not The potato harvest requirement in regular soil.In consideration of it, the utility model provides a kind of adjustable potato excavation conveying shovel.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems, such as to mention in above-mentioned background technique, it is defeated that the utility model provides a kind of adjustable potato excavation Shovel is sent, which can adapt to be provided with adjustable height on both sides in the potato harvest in irregular soil and excavate part, Yi Jiyu The conveying member that digger blade matches, both ends height can be adjusted during the work time by excavating part and conveying member, irregular to meet To the requirement of cropper excavating depth variation during soil potato harvest.Excavation during device can harvest at any time is deep Degree, device strong operability can reduce the fruit damage rate during mountain and hill potato harvest and reveal light green, improve mountainous region mound The Mechanization Level of mound potato harvest, strong applicability.It includes digging that a kind of adjustable potato of the utility model, which excavates conveying shovel, Pick is formed with conveying mechanism, regulating mechanism and appliance stand;
The excavation and conveying mechanism include conveying member 1, and the lower end of vertical connecting rod 2 is mounted on the end of conveying member 1, activity Sleeve 4 is mounted on the upper end of vertical connecting rod 2, and spring fastenings 5 are mounted on the top of preloading spring 3, the lower end peace of preloading spring 3 Mounted in the end of conveying member 1, part 16 is excavated at middle part and side is excavated part 17 and is attached by chip connector 15, and part 17 is excavated in side End connect with 14 pin shaft of vertical axes, determine sleeve 6 and be connected to by pin shaft on the outer circumference surface of vertical axes 14;
The regulating mechanism includes vertical axes 14, and the lower end of vertical axes 14 is mounted on the both ends that part 17 is excavated in side, two sides The both ends of the upper end difference mounting and adjusting cross bar 10 of vertical axes 14, the upper end of the compressed spring 8 of two sides is mounted on adjustment cross bar 10 One end, 8 bottom of compressed spring of the left and right sides is separately mounted to the upper surface of left column 7 and right column 13, adjustment cross bar 10 Lower end surface two sides are equipped with boss 26, and the boss 26 of two sides is matched with left cam 9 and right cam 11 respectively, left cam 9 and the right side Cam 11 is connected with left servo motor 28 and right servo motor 29 respectively;
Described device bracket includes upper bracket 27, and 27 lower part of upper bracket is connected with lower bracket 30, upper bracket 27 and lower bracket It is respectively equipped with flange 31 on 30, a flange is wherein equipped in the middle part of upper bracket 27,30 two sides of lower bracket are equipped with 2 flanges, lower branch The both ends of frame 30 are connected by column connecting piece 12 with left column 7 and right column 13.
The conveying member 1 is the plate of rectangle, and the lower part of vertical connecting rod 2 connects the end of conveying member 1 by pin shaft, vertically The top of connecting rod 2 is equipped with quill 4, and 3 lower end of preloading spring is connected to the both ends of conveying member 1, is equipped with inside preloading spring 3 pre- Tight spring guide 24, top is connected with spring fastenings 5.
The quill 4 and spring fastenings 5 are cylinder, are installed on conveying member adjustment cross bar 22, Middle quill 4 is mounted on the end of conveying member adjustment cross bar 22, and spring fastenings 5 are mounted in conveying member adjustment cross bar 22 Portion, the outer circumference surface that wherein quill 4 and spring fastenings 5 can adjust cross bar 22 along conveying member rotate, but cannot It moves in the axial direction thereof.
5 lower part of spring fastenings is equipped with boss, and boss matches with the upper end of preloading spring 3, at the same with preload The size of the preloading spring guide rod 24 of 3 lower part of spring is consistent, and the other end of conveying member adjustment cross bar 22, which is equipped with, determines sleeve 6, fixed to cover Cylinder 6 is hollow cylinder, and the side vertical with hollow cylinder is provided with perforative hole, horizontal for conveying member adjustment is fixedly mounted Bar 22 is in vertical axes 14.
The middle part excavation part 16 is consistent with the side excavation shape and size of part 17, is the plates of rectangle, wherein in The both ends that portion excavates part 16 are symmetrically opened there are two perforative excavation part fixation hole 19, and the both ends that part 17 is excavated in side also are provided with running through Fixation hole, middle part excavate part 16 on fixation hole 19 and side excavate part 17 fixation pore size and position consistency.
14 lower part of vertical axes is provided with perforative hole, and perforative hole and installation pin shaft 18 cooperate, the upper end of vertical axes 14 The both ends of adjustment cross bar 10 are mounted on by pin shaft, compressed spring 8 is mounted on the top of vertical axes 14.
The chip connector 15 is a sheet cuboid, and quadrangle is equipped with and excavates part 16 with middle part, side is excavated on part 17 The mounting hole that part fixation hole 19 matches is excavated, middle part excavates part 16 and excavates part in its two sides connecting side by chip connector 15 17, one end and the middle part that part 17 is excavated in side excavate part 16 and are connected, and other end end is equipped with installation pin shaft 18, install pin shaft 18 and The pin hole of 14 bottom of vertical axes cooperates.
The vertical axes 14 are a cylindrical bar, are provided in the middle part of cylindrical bar through sleeve mounting hole 20 is determined, and sleeve peace is determined Dress hole 20 is matched with determining to extend radially through hole on sleeve 6, equipped with the adjustment cross bar mounting hole 21 extended radially through at the top of vertical axes 14, Adjustment cross bar mounting hole 21 is matched with the pin shaft for adjusting 10 both ends of cross bar, is adjusted cross bar mounting hole 21 and is determined sleeve mounting hole 20 Axis be mutually perpendicular to.
The left cam 9 and right 11 size of cam are consistent with appearance profile, respectively with the boss that is arranged on adjustment cross bar 10 26 match.
The left column 7 and right column 13 are hollow cylinder, and inside is equipped with linear bearing, linear bearing it is interior Circle is matched with the outer circumference surface of vertical axes 14.
The driving and control of the servo motor are using conventional power supply and control chip, no longer illustrate herein, while after The separation process of the soil and potato fruit in face is not being introduced, and rights protection scope is not belonging to.
The working principle that a kind of adjustable potato of the utility model excavates conveying shovel is: carry out potato harvest it Before, whole device is passed through into 31 trifilar suspension of flange thereon at the rear portion of tractor first, Ma Ling is then planted according to locality The agriculture requirement of potato determines the depth that potato fruit is grown in underground, and then adjustment simultaneously is matched with left and right boss 26 Left cam 9 and right cam 11, left cam 9 and 11 shape of right cam are consistent with size, in left servo motor 28 and right servo motor Under 29 driving, may make adjustment cross bar 10 two sides can be gone up and down simultaneously, adjustment 10 two sides of cross bar lifting drive with Raising and lowering, the vertical axes 14 of two sides go up and down can drive simultaneously the vertical axes 14 of its left and right sides that is connected in the vertical direction The determine sleeve 6 and installation pin shaft 18 being connected with its bottom in vertical direction be raising and lowering, determines sleeve 6 in the vertical direction Raising and lowering can drive the raising and lowering of conveying member 1 in the vertical direction, in the vertical direction upper of installation pin shaft 18 It rises and decline can drive coupled middle part to excavate part 16, part 17 is excavated in the raising and lowering of vertical direction in side, at this point, Excavate part with the raising and lowering process of conveying member be it is synchronous, which can be used to complete the tune of potato excavating depth Section.Should during can satisfy that potato planting area is relatively flat or the gradient it is less big under conditions of.
When topography is irregular or uneven, before starting potato fruit harvest, before first having to confirmation tractor Into the gradient height of the two sides in direction, if the gradient in the front of tractor direction of advance is left low and right high, controller control Left servo motor 28 operates, and the left operating of servo motor 28 drives left cam 11 thereon to move, and the movement of left cam 11 can make a left side The adjustment cross bar 10 and the height on ground of side change, and adjustment cross bar 10 is vertical to drive in the change in location of vertical direction The raising and lowering in the vertical direction of axis 14, since vertical axes 14 and side excavate the connection of 16 both side ends of part using pin shaft Connection, it is all that pin shaft connects that conveying member, which adjusts the quill 4 on cross bar 22 with spring fastenings 5, so vertical axes 14 is upper Lower movement to drive coupled conveying member 1 and middle part excavate part 16 and side excavate the left side of part 17 in the vertical direction on It rises and declines, so as to adjust the height of conveying member 1 and excavation part both ends, realize that the excavation to different location under the conditions of the gradient is deep Degree control.It in the specific implementation process, can also be in left servo motor 28 adjustment conveying member 1 and when excavating the left side height of part Right servo motor 29 is driven simultaneously, thus the up and down motion of right side driving vertical axes 14, the process and left side driving vertical axes Method is similar, is no longer described in detail herein.
Part 16 and conveying member 1 specifically are excavated during being harvested at middle part, since tractor is to trifilar suspension machine The traction of structure flange 31 enables whole device to be moved with the direction that tractor advances, so that excavating part 16 It is able to enter potato planting soil, into after potato planting soil, the position relative to rack due to excavating part 16 is It is geostationary, so excavating part 16 as tractor-drawn mechanism travels forward, in motion process, by the soil of potato root system Earth is crushed, while potato root system and its fruit are applied thrust, so that potato fruit and root system are in motion process The middle conveying member 1 to close to rear side moves, since conveying member is swingable, so excavating part to potato soil and fruit It is real destroy after, since the effect of inertia will fall in down 1 top of conveying member, soil and fruit impulse force of the conveying member 1 in whereabouts Under effect, preloading spring 3 is stretched, so that the whole axis around vertical connecting rod key seat 23 of conveying member 1 rotates by a certain angle, It is to move backward soil and potato fruit that excavation part 16 passes over during this, simultaneously because preloading spring 3 Elastic force increases after elongation, and under the action of itself pulling force, the length of preloading spring 3 shortens, to drive coupled conveying Part 1 is whole to rotate by a certain angle around vertical connecting rod key seat 23 forward so that fall in soil and potato fruit continue to After move, tractor-drawn whole device harvest during, conveying member 1 and so on carry out excavate part 16 pass over Soil and potato fruit conveying again, during transportation, to a certain extent by soil and potato fruit into Separation is gone.
The gradient relative to tractor direction of advance it is consistent if, complete a column potato harvest after, be sequentially completed down The harvest of one column potato, after tractor turns around to change direction, the gradient is changed relative to tractor direction of advance, so In order to guarantee the speed of potato harvest, need to be adjusted the position for excavating part 16 and conveying member 1, specific tuning process It is similar with 16 initial position adjusting method of excavation part of beginning, it is no longer introduced herein.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The device solves conventional digger blade in the irregular soil potato of the gradient using the adjustable digger blade of both ends height During harvest, the problem of unanimously leading to part fruit dew receipts due to excavating depth and damage fruit;
The device uses the broken soil and potato fruit for obtaining excavation using conveying member, during traction not It needs to provide special movement mechanism and has carried out preliminary shake separation, facilitate the further separation of fruit below and soil;
The working depth of the device adjustable digger blade and conveying member, to different cultivars on the irregular soil of different gradient Potato Cultivars fruit harvest strong applicability, the strong operability of device;
The device can be during harvest, and the position adjustment for excavating part and conveying member uses servo motor and cam drive Mode, movement transmitting is simple, can satisfy the working condition requirement of potato fruit harvest;
The device can satisfy preferable completion potato fruit harvest, and structure is simple, is suitable for large range promotion use;
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that part is excavated at middle part, the connection relationship structural schematic diagram of part and chip connector is excavated in side in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is that part is excavated at middle part, the connection relationship structure of part, vertical axes and chip connector is excavated in side in the utility model Schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is conveying member in the utility model, vertical connecting rod, preloading spring, spring fastenings and the relationship knot for determining sleeve Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is conveying member in the utility model, vertical connecting rod, preloading spring, spring fastenings and determines sleeve overall structure Schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is conveying member in the utility model, vertical connecting rod, preloading spring, excavates piece and vertical axes integrated connection relationship Structure chart;
Fig. 7 is that the connection structure of vertical bar in the utility model, left and right pillar, adjustment cross bar, boss and compressed spring is shown It is intended to;
Fig. 8 is that the connection relationship of left and right cam in the utility model, left and right servo motor, left and right pillar and upper and lower bracket is shown It is intended to;
Fig. 9 is that left and right cam in the utility model, left and right servo motor, left and right pillar, vertical axes are connected with upper and lower bracket Schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of single unit system in the utility model looked up;
In Fig. 1-10: 1- conveying member, the vertical connecting rod of 2-, 3- preloading spring, 4- quill, 5- spring fastenings, 6- are fixed Sleeve, 7- left column, 8- compressed spring, the left cam of 9-, 10- adjust cross bar, and the right cam of 11-, 12- column connecting piece, the right side 13- is stood Column, 14- vertical axes, 15- chip connector, 16- excavate at middle part part, and part is excavated in the side 17-, and 18- installs pin shaft, and 19- excavates part and consolidates Determine hole, 20- determines sleeve mounting hole, and 21- adjusts cross bar mounting hole, and 22- conveying member adjusts cross bar, the vertical connecting rod key seat of 23-, 24- Preloading spring guide rod, the vertical pin hole of 25-, 26- boss, 27- upper bracket, the left servo motor of 28-, the right servo motor of 29-, 30- Lower bracket, 31- flange.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, the utility model is described in further detail, but the content of the utility model is not It is limited to the range.
Embodiment 1: a kind of adjustable potato excavation conveying shovel, including excavate and conveying mechanism, regulating mechanism and device Bracket composition;
The excavation and conveying mechanism include conveying member 1, and the lower end of vertical connecting rod 2 is mounted on the end of conveying member 1, activity Sleeve 4 is mounted on the upper end of vertical connecting rod 2, and spring fastenings 5 are mounted on the top of preloading spring 3, the lower end peace of preloading spring 3 Mounted in the end of conveying member 1, part 16 is excavated at middle part and side is excavated part 17 and is attached by chip connector 15, and part 17 is excavated in side End connect with 14 pin shaft of vertical axes, determine sleeve 6 and be connected to by pin shaft on the outer circumference surface of vertical axes 14;
The regulating mechanism includes vertical axes 14, and the lower end of vertical axes 14 is mounted on the both ends that part 17 is excavated in side, two sides The both ends of the upper end difference mounting and adjusting cross bar 10 of vertical axes 14, the upper end of the compressed spring 8 of two sides is mounted on adjustment cross bar 10 One end, 8 bottom of compressed spring of the left and right sides is separately mounted to the upper surface of left column 7 and right column 13, adjustment cross bar 10 Lower end surface two sides are equipped with boss 26, and the boss 26 of two sides is matched with left cam 9 and right cam 11 respectively, left cam 9 and the right side Cam 11 is connected with left servo motor 28 and right servo motor 29 respectively;
Described device bracket includes upper bracket 27, and 27 lower part of upper bracket is connected with lower bracket 30, upper bracket 27 and lower bracket It is respectively equipped with flange 31 on 30, a flange is wherein equipped in the middle part of upper bracket 27,30 two sides of lower bracket are equipped with 2 flanges, lower branch The both ends of frame 30 are connected by column connecting piece 12 with left column 7 and right column 13.
The conveying member 1 is the plate of rectangle, and the lower part of vertical connecting rod 2 connects the end of conveying member 1 by pin shaft, vertically The top of connecting rod 2 is equipped with quill 4, and 3 lower end of preloading spring is connected to the both ends of conveying member 1, is equipped with inside preloading spring 3 pre- Tight spring guide 24, top is connected with spring fastenings 5.
The quill 4 and spring fastenings 5 are cylinder, are installed on conveying member adjustment cross bar 22, Middle quill 4 is mounted on the end of conveying member adjustment cross bar 22, and spring fastenings 5 are mounted in conveying member adjustment cross bar 22 Portion, the outer circumference surface that wherein quill 4 and spring fastenings 5 can adjust cross bar 22 along conveying member rotate, but cannot It moves in the axial direction thereof.
5 lower part of spring fastenings is equipped with boss, and boss matches with the upper end of preloading spring 3, at the same with preload The size of the preloading spring guide rod 24 of 3 lower part of spring is consistent, and the other end of conveying member adjustment cross bar 22, which is equipped with, determines sleeve 6, fixed to cover Cylinder 6 is hollow cylinder, and the side vertical with hollow cylinder is provided with perforative hole, horizontal for conveying member adjustment is fixedly mounted Bar 22 is in vertical axes 14.
The middle part excavation part 16 is consistent with the side excavation shape and size of part 17, is the plates of rectangle, wherein in The both ends that portion excavates part 16 are symmetrically opened there are two perforative excavation part fixation hole 19, and the both ends that part 17 is excavated in side also are provided with running through Fixation hole, middle part excavate part 16 on fixation hole 19 and side excavate part 17 fixation pore size and position consistency.
14 lower part of vertical axes is provided with perforative hole, and perforative hole and installation pin shaft 18 cooperate, the upper end of vertical axes 14 The both ends of adjustment cross bar 10 are mounted on by pin shaft, compressed spring 8 is mounted on the top of vertical axes 14.
The chip connector 15 is a sheet cuboid, and quadrangle is equipped with and excavates part 16 with middle part, side is excavated on part 17 The mounting hole that part fixation hole 19 matches is excavated, middle part excavates part 16 and excavates part in its two sides connecting side by chip connector 15 17, one end and the middle part that part 17 is excavated in side excavate part 16 and are connected, and other end end is equipped with installation pin shaft 18, install pin shaft 18 and The pin hole of 14 bottom of vertical axes cooperates.
The vertical axes 14 are a cylindrical bar, are provided in the middle part of cylindrical bar through sleeve mounting hole 20 is determined, and sleeve peace is determined Dress hole 20 is matched with determining to extend radially through hole on sleeve 6, equipped with the adjustment cross bar mounting hole 21 extended radially through at the top of vertical axes 14, Adjustment cross bar mounting hole 21 is matched with the pin shaft for adjusting 10 both ends of cross bar, is adjusted cross bar mounting hole 21 and is determined sleeve mounting hole 20 Axis be mutually perpendicular to.
The left cam 9 and right 11 size of cam are consistent with appearance profile, respectively with the boss that is arranged on adjustment cross bar 10 26 match.
The left column 7 and right column 13 are hollow cylinder, and inside is equipped with linear bearing, linear bearing it is interior Circle is matched with the outer circumference surface of vertical axes 14.
The driving and control of the servo motor are using conventional power supply and control chip, no longer illustrate herein, while after The separation process of the soil and potato fruit in face is not being introduced, and rights protection scope is not belonging to.
The working principle that a kind of adjustable potato of the utility model excavates conveying shovel is: carry out potato harvest it Before, whole device is passed through into 31 trifilar suspension of flange thereon at the rear portion of tractor first, Ma Ling is then planted according to locality The agriculture requirement of potato determines the depth that potato fruit is grown in underground, and then adjustment simultaneously is matched with left and right boss 26 Left cam 9 and right cam 11, left cam 9 and 11 shape of right cam are consistent with size, in left servo motor 28 and right servo motor Under 29 driving, may make adjustment cross bar 10 two sides can be gone up and down simultaneously, adjustment 10 two sides of cross bar lifting drive with Raising and lowering, the vertical axes 14 of two sides go up and down can drive simultaneously the vertical axes 14 of its left and right sides that is connected in the vertical direction The determine sleeve 6 and installation pin shaft 18 being connected with its bottom in vertical direction be raising and lowering, determines sleeve 6 in the vertical direction Raising and lowering can drive the raising and lowering of conveying member 1 in the vertical direction, in the vertical direction upper of installation pin shaft 18 It rises and decline can drive coupled middle part to excavate part 16, part 17 is excavated in the raising and lowering of vertical direction in side, at this point, Excavate part with the raising and lowering process of conveying member be it is synchronous, which can be used to complete the tune of potato excavating depth Section.Should during can satisfy that potato planting area is relatively flat or the gradient it is less big under conditions of.
When topography is irregular or uneven, before starting potato fruit harvest, before first having to confirmation tractor Into the gradient height of the two sides in direction, if the gradient in the front of tractor direction of advance is left low and right high, controller control Left servo motor 28 operates, and the left operating of servo motor 28 drives left cam 11 thereon to move, and the movement of left cam 11 can make a left side The adjustment cross bar 10 and the height on ground of side change, and adjustment cross bar 10 is vertical to drive in the change in location of vertical direction The raising and lowering in the vertical direction of axis 14, since vertical axes 14 and side excavate the connection of 16 both side ends of part using pin shaft Connection, it is all that pin shaft connects that conveying member, which adjusts the quill 4 on cross bar 22 with spring fastenings 5, so vertical axes 14 is upper Lower movement to drive coupled conveying member 1 and middle part excavate part 16 and side excavate the left side of part 17 in the vertical direction on It rises and declines, so as to adjust the height of conveying member 1 and excavation part both ends, realize that the excavation to different location under the conditions of the gradient is deep Degree control.It in the specific implementation process, can also be in left servo motor 28 adjustment conveying member 1 and when excavating the left side height of part Right servo motor 29 is driven simultaneously, thus the up and down motion of right side driving vertical axes 14, the process and left side driving vertical axes Method is similar, is no longer described in detail herein.
Part 16 and conveying member 1 specifically are excavated during being harvested at middle part, since tractor is to trifilar suspension machine The traction of structure flange 31 enables whole device to be moved with the direction that tractor advances, so that excavating part 16 It is able to enter potato planting soil, into after potato planting soil, the position relative to rack due to excavating part 16 is It is geostationary, so excavating part 16 as tractor-drawn mechanism travels forward, in motion process, by the soil of potato root system Earth is crushed, while potato root system and its fruit are applied thrust, so that potato fruit and root system are in motion process The middle conveying member 1 to close to rear side moves, since conveying member is swingable, so excavating part to potato soil and fruit It is real destroy after, since the effect of inertia will fall in down 1 top of conveying member, soil and fruit impulse force of the conveying member 1 in whereabouts Under effect, preloading spring 3 is stretched, so that the whole axis around vertical connecting rod key seat 23 of conveying member 1 rotates by a certain angle, It is to move backward soil and potato fruit that excavation part 16 passes over during this, simultaneously because preloading spring 3 Elastic force increases after elongation, and under the action of itself pulling force, the length of preloading spring 3 shortens, to drive coupled conveying Part 1 is whole to rotate by a certain angle around vertical connecting rod key seat 23 forward so that fall in soil and potato fruit continue to After move, tractor-drawn whole device harvest during, conveying member 1 and so on carry out excavate part 16 pass over Soil and potato fruit conveying again, during transportation, to a certain extent by soil and potato fruit into Separation is gone.
The gradient relative to tractor direction of advance it is consistent if, complete a column potato harvest after, be sequentially completed down The harvest of one column potato, after tractor turns around to change direction, the gradient is changed relative to tractor direction of advance, so In order to guarantee the speed of potato harvest, need to be adjusted the position for excavating part 16 and conveying member 1, specific tuning process It is similar with 16 initial position adjusting method of excavation part of beginning, it is no longer introduced herein.
Specific embodiment of the utility model is explained in detail above in conjunction with attached drawing, but the utility model and unlimited In above-described embodiment, within the knowledge of a person skilled in the art, the utility model can also not departed from Various changes can be made under the premise of objective.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of adjustable potato excavates conveying shovel, it is characterised in that: including excavating and conveying mechanism, regulating mechanism and device Bracket composition;
The excavation and conveying mechanism include conveying member (1), and the lower end of vertical connecting rod (2) is mounted on the end of conveying member (1), living Moving sleeve (4) is mounted on the upper end of vertical connecting rod (2), and spring fastenings (5) are mounted on the top of preloading spring (3), pre-tightens bullet The lower end of spring (3) is mounted on the end of conveying member (1), and part (16) are excavated at middle part and side excavates part (17) and passes through chip connector (15) be attached, side excavate part (17) end connect with vertical axes (14) pin shaft, determine sleeve (6) be connected to by pin shaft it is perpendicular On the outer circumference surface of d-axis (14);
The regulating mechanism includes vertical axes (14), and the lower end of vertical axes (14) is mounted on the both ends that part (17) are excavated in side, two sides Vertical axes (14) upper end difference mounting and adjusting cross bar (10) both ends, the upper end of the compressed spring (8) of two sides is mounted on tune One end of whole cross bar (10), compressed spring (8) bottom of the left and right sides are separately mounted to the upper of left column (7) and right column (13) The lower end surface two sides in face, adjustment cross bar (10) are equipped with boss (26), and the boss (26) of two sides is convex with left cam (9) and the right side respectively Wheel (11) matches, and left cam (9) and right cam (11) are connected with left servo motor (28) and right servo motor (29) respectively;
Described device bracket includes upper bracket (27), and upper bracket (27) lower part is connected with lower bracket (30), upper bracket (27) and under It is respectively equipped with flange (31) on bracket (30), a flange is wherein equipped in the middle part of upper bracket (27), lower bracket (30) two sides are equipped with 2 The both ends of a flange, lower bracket (30) are connected by column connecting piece (12) with left column (7) and right column (13).
2. a kind of adjustable potato according to claim 1 excavates conveying shovel, it is characterised in that: the conveying member (1) For the plate of rectangle, by the end of pin shaft connection conveying member (1), the top of vertical connecting rod (2) is set for the lower part of vertical connecting rod (2) Have quill (4), preloading spring (3) lower end is connected to the both ends of conveying member (1), is equipped with inside preloading spring (3) and pre-tightens bullet Spring guide rod (24), top are connected with spring fastenings (5).
3. a kind of adjustable potato according to claim 1 excavates conveying shovel, it is characterised in that: the quill (4) and spring fastenings (5) are cylinder, are installed in conveying member adjustment cross bar (22), and wherein quill (4) is pacified Mounted in the end of conveying member adjustment cross bar (22), spring fastenings (5) are mounted on the middle part of conveying member adjustment cross bar (22), wherein The outer circumference surface that quill (4) and spring fastenings (5) can adjust cross bar (22) along conveying member rotates, but cannot be It is moved on its axis direction.
4. a kind of adjustable potato according to claim 1 excavates conveying shovel, it is characterised in that: the spring fastenings (5) lower part is equipped with boss, and boss is matched with the upper end of preloading spring (3), while the preload bullet with preloading spring (3) lower part The size of spring guide rod (24) is consistent, and the other end of conveying member adjustment cross bar (22), which is equipped with, determines sleeve (6), and it is hollow for determining sleeve (6) Cylindrical body, and the side vertical with hollow cylinder is provided with perforative hole, exists for conveying member adjustment cross bar (22) is fixedly mounted In vertical axes (14).
5. a kind of adjustable potato according to claim 1 excavates conveying shovel, it is characterised in that: excavate part in the middle part (16) it is consistent that the shape and size of part (17) are excavated with side, are the plates of rectangle, wherein the both ends of part (16) are excavated at middle part It symmetrically opens there are two perforative excavation part fixation hole (19), the both ends that part (17) are excavated in side also are provided with perforative fixation hole, in Excavate the fixation hole (19) on part (16) and the fixation pore size and position consistency of side excavation part (17) in portion.
6. a kind of adjustable potato according to claim 1 excavates conveying shovel, it is characterised in that: the vertical axes (14) Lower part is provided with perforative hole, perforative hole and installation pin shaft (18) cooperation, and the upper end of vertical axes (14) is mounted on tune by pin shaft The both ends of whole cross bar (10), compressed spring (8) are mounted on the top of vertical axes (14).
7. a kind of adjustable potato according to claim 1 excavates conveying shovel, it is characterised in that: the chip connector It (15) is a sheet cuboid, quadrangle is equipped with and excavates part (16) with middle part, the excavation part fixation hole (19) on part (17) is excavated in side The mounting hole matched, middle part excavate part (16) and excavate part (17) in its two sides connecting side by chip connector (15), and side is dug It digs the one end of part (17) and middle part to excavate part (16) and be connected, other end end is equipped with installation pin shaft (18), installs pin shaft (18) Cooperate with the pin hole of vertical axes (14) bottom.
8. a kind of adjustable potato according to claim 1 excavates conveying shovel, it is characterised in that: the left cam (9) It is consistent with appearance profile with right cam (11) size, it is matched respectively with the boss (26) being arranged in adjustment cross bar (10).
9. a kind of adjustable potato according to claim 1 excavates conveying shovel, it is characterised in that: the left column (7) It is hollow cylinder with right column (13), inside is equipped with linear bearing, inner ring and vertical axes (14) of linear bearing Outer circumference surface matches.
CN201820271514.4U 2018-02-26 2018-02-26 A kind of adjustable potato excavation conveying shovel Active CN208624110U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111226565A (en) * 2020-02-12 2020-06-05 南京农业大学 Two-section type vibration digging shovel for digging jerusalem artichoke tubers

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111226565A (en) * 2020-02-12 2020-06-05 南京农业大学 Two-section type vibration digging shovel for digging jerusalem artichoke tubers
CN111226565B (en) * 2020-02-12 2021-05-28 南京农业大学 Two-section type vibration digging shovel for digging jerusalem artichoke tubers

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