CN110366927A - A kind of hilly and mountainous land potato picker - Google Patents

A kind of hilly and mountainous land potato picker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110366927A
CN110366927A CN201910679866.2A CN201910679866A CN110366927A CN 110366927 A CN110366927 A CN 110366927A CN 201910679866 A CN201910679866 A CN 201910679866A CN 110366927 A CN110366927 A CN 110366927A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
belt
chain
potato
vibration
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Pending
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CN201910679866.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张兆国
杨曦
孙连烛
余齐航
刀方
郝思佳
李汉青
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Application filed by Kunming University of Science and Technology filed Critical Kunming University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201910679866.2A priority Critical patent/CN110366927A/en
Publication of CN110366927A publication Critical patent/CN110366927A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D13/00Diggers, e.g. potato ploughs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D17/00Digging machines with sieving and conveying mechanisms
    • A01D17/08Digging machines with sieving and conveying mechanisms with shaker type screens
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D17/00Digging machines with sieving and conveying mechanisms
    • A01D17/10Digging machines with sieving and conveying mechanisms with smooth conveyor belts, lath bands or rake bands
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D33/00Accessories for digging harvesters
    • A01D33/08Special sorting and cleaning mechanisms

Abstract

The present invention relates to hilly and mountainous land potato pickers, belong to agricultural harvesting machinery apparatus field.Excavating gear of the present invention digs soil and potato wedge mixture;Power is transferred to dynamic transfer system by tractor motive power output shaft, the rotation of output power drive gear-box axis, vibration separate equipment is driven to make its rotation power transmission to driving wheel by chain again, the rotation of principal oscillation separator, which is realized, to be transmitted in secondary vibration separator after the Separation by vibration for excavating the soil and potato wedge mixture that get up;Secondary vibration separator will speckle with the potato wedge of a small amount of soil Separation by vibration again again, and separated potato wedge is sent in lateral output system.The present invention adjusts excavating gear angle by the way of hydraulic cylinder, it is able to achieve electrodeless adjustment angle, using the vibration separate equipment of second level to solve the problems, such as the viscous weight of hilly and mountainous land soil, separative efficiency is high, potato wedge is put at a Pu by lateral output device, exposed potato rate is improved, potato rate and damage ratio are buried in reduction.

Description

A kind of hilly and mountainous land potato picker
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hilly and mountainous land potato pickers, belong to agricultural harvesting machinery equipment technical field.
Background technique
Potato is the 4th generalized grain crop of the world and a kind of industrial crops, is asked solving world food shortage Topic, guarantee energy security, improvement food nutrition and realization Millennium Development Goals etc. all have significance, for this purpose, joint State was named as " international potato year " for 2008.Developed and developing countries Development of Potato Industry is irregular not at present Together.Developed country's Potato Industry comparative maturity relies on scientific and technical innovation, industry chain length, large-scale development, mechanization production.And Developing country's Potato Industry scientific and technological level is not high, and production scale is small and scattered, single variety, and process deeply industry system is inadequate It is perfect, and mechanization degree is lower.China is the maximum country of whole world potato planting area, in recent years, Chinese Ma Ling Planting potato area and yield are respectively in 466.7 ten thousand hectares (70,000,000 mus) and 80,000,000 tons or so.With the tune of crop mix Whole, potato planting area expands year by year, and the problem of potato harvest hardly possible is more prominent, becomes and restricts the important of the sector development Reason.
Yunnan Province is one of the province that potato is more early planted in China, and this area's sunshine is sufficient, and the soil is porous, and organic matter contains Amount is high, there is the innate advantage of potato planting.To 2008, Yunnan Potato sown area occupied the whole nation the 4th, total yield Amount occupies the whole nation the 5th.The whole province's potato planting area in 2010 is up to 65.89 ten thousand hectares, and fresh tuber yield is up to 10,600,000 tons, the output value Up to 10,500,000,000 yuan, processed output is up to 1,500,000,000 yuan.Due to the huge potential of land resource in Yunnan, potato not only has higher in Yunnan Planting benefit have fresh sweet potato supply throughout the year and due to the special weather in Yunnan and natural areas advantage, can be rapid Southeast Asian countries are exported to, the potato market of Yunnan Potato at home and abroad also has stronger competitiveness.Potato machine The height of tool degree and technical level directly affects the development of its industry, this province need to solve the key of mechanical harvest at present Problem.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is the present invention provides a kind of hilly and mountainous land potato picker, using dilatory Machine travel driving adjusts digger blade angle by hydraulic cylinder, and by potato, Pu is placed on field to lateral output device into strips, solution The problems such as certainly current hilly and mountainous land area potato soil low separation efficiency, potato-damaging rate is high, exposed potato rate is low.
The technical scheme is that: a kind of hilly and mountainous land potato picker, including rack 1, dynamic transfer system, excavation Device, primary vibration separator, secondary vibration separator, lateral output system;
The dynamic transfer system is used to transmit power for primary vibration separator, secondary vibration separator;
The excavating gear is used to travel forward by tractor-drawn rack 1, and the digger blade 35 of six combinations is made to enter soil Carry out the excavation of potato;
The primary vibration separator, secondary vibration separator, lateral output system are used for by using belt I 9, grizzly bar 37 and rivet 38 be formed by connecting, rotation drives belt I 9, belt II 11 to make its own after transmitting power by dynamic transfer system It rotates and vibrates, realize that potato soil separates between potato and soil block;
The lateral output system is used to drive hydraulic motor 19 to rotate by the hydrostatic output power of tractor, to drive side It exports bull wheel 21 and side output principal oscillation wheel 22 rotates, so that driving belt 23 rotates, enable potato lateral movement to lateral Output system end, falls into furrow.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the dynamic transfer system includes gear-box 5, transmission shaft I 2, head sprocket I 3, master Chain wheel II 39, main chain 4, transmission shaft II 40, secondary chain wheel I 25, secondary chain wheel II 28, secondary chain 26, vibrating wheels chain wheel I 27, vibration Wheel sprocket II 31, vibrating wheels chain 30, transmission shaft III 41, transmission shaft IV 42;
The gear-box 5 is welded on front position in rack 1, and transmission shaft I 2 is connected to 5 right side of gear-box, and head sprocket I 3 is mounted on Concentric cooperation on transmission shaft I 2, head sprocket II 39 are mounted on concentric cooperation on rack middle and upper part position and transmission shaft II 40, Head sprocket I 3 and head sprocket II 39 is set to cooperate by main chain 4, secondary chain wheel II 28 is mounted on the other end of transmission shaft II 40 By the concentric cooperation in inner position, concentric cooperation at secondary 25 installation frame of chain wheel I, 1 tail portion upper end transmission shaft III 41, secondary chain 26 Time chain wheel I 25 and time chain wheel II 28 are connected, vibrating wheels chain wheel I 27 is mounted on concentric cooperation on transmission shaft II 40, while secondary The external position of chain wheel II 28;Vibrating wheels chain wheel II 31 is mounted on concentric cooperation on central rack position transmission shaft IV 42, vibration Driving wheel chain 30 connects vibrating wheels chain wheel I 27 and vibrating wheels chain wheel II 31, is exported by tractor dynamic power by power transmission to tooth In roller box 5, and then drive above-mentioned parts turn by power transmission to entire cropper.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the excavating gear includes shovel support shaft 33, shovel bearing tube 43, shovel connecting tube 44, digger blade 35, connecting plate 32, hydraulic cylinder 34;
The shovel support shaft 33 is mounted at 1 front bottom of rack, and shovel bearing tube 43 is welded in shovel support shaft 33, passes through one Its position of the small Interal fixation of block is fixed in shovel 43 front end of bearing tube installation shovel connecting tube 44 using bolt, the welding peace of digger blade 35 In shovel connecting tube 44, one end of connecting plate 32 is mounted at shovel 33 both ends of support shaft, key connection, 34 lower end of hydraulic cylinder peace At the other end of connecting plate 32, revolute pair connection, 34 upper end of hydraulic cylinder is mounted on rack middle and upper part, and revolute pair connects, It is stretched operation by hydraulic cylinder 34, the rotation of connecting plate 32 drives shovel support shaft 33 to rotate, the shovel bearing tube 43 that is connected thereto, Shovel connecting tube 44 and digger blade 35 follow it to move, and then have adjusted the angle of penetration of digger blade 35.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the primary vibration separator include big driving wheel 10, it is small support wheel 7, big Support wheel 36, belt I 9, grizzly bar 37, rivet 38, passive vibration device 6, principal oscillation device 8;
The small support wheel 7 is mounted on 1 lower front of rack, and at shovel 33 front upper of support shaft, passive vibration device 6 is installed In central rack, locates active vibration device 8 in its rear and be mounted in rack 1, place after big driving wheel 10 is mounted in rack 1, Four small support wheel 7 is successively installed in rack 1 in the four different level positions in lower section between big driving wheel 10 and big support wheel 36 On, belt I 9 is clockwise successively around big support wheel 36, passive vibration device 6, principal oscillation device 8, big driving wheel 10 and four A small support wheel 7 successively installs grizzly bar 37 for I 91 weeks around belt and rivet 38 finally constitutes primary vibration separator, Big driving wheel 10, principal oscillation device 8 are cooperatively connected with the transmission shaft of dynamic transfer system II 40, transmission shaft IV 42 respectively, pass through Dynamic transfer system drives big driving wheel 10 and principal oscillation device 8 to rotate, and big driving wheel 10 drives entire belt I 9 to rotate, main vibration The dynamic rotation of device 8 drives the up-down vibration of belt I 9, and belt I 9 rotates and drives passive vibration device 6 to move while vibration, To increase the vibrating effect of whole system.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the secondary vibration separator includes small driving wheel 12, small support wheel 7, mistake Ferry boat 45, belt II 11, grizzly bar 37, rivet 38;
The small driving wheel 12 is mounted at 1 upper rear center of arc of rack, is also equipped in small 12 forward lower part of driving wheel Small support wheel 7, transition wheel 45 are mounted on tangent outside big 10 rear of driving wheel and belt I 9, the installation of small support wheel 7 below In rack 1, belt II 11 is along clockwise direction successively around small driving wheel 12, two small support wheels 7, transition wheels 45, belt II 11 outsides are tangent with transition wheel 45, successively install within II 11 1 weeks grizzly bar 37 and rivet 38 around belt, small driving wheel 12 and The transmission shaft III 41 of dynamic transfer system connects, by dynamic transfer system by power transmission to small driving wheel 12, small driving wheel 12 rotations drive belt II 11 to rotate, and then achieve the effect that Separation by vibration, and transition wheel 45 and belt 9 and belt II 11 are tangent, Prevent potato wedge from falling from its gap.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the lateral output system include support frame 13, suspender 16, connector 17, Mechanical-stretching bar 14, back plate 47, middle plate 15, foreboard 24, square steel 18, hydraulic motor 19, motor bearing 20, side output bull wheel 21, Side exports principal oscillation wheel 22, driving belt 23, small support wheel 7, bearing tube 46, grizzly bar 37, rivet 38;
Support frame as described above 13 is mounted on 1 upper rear of rack, and hanger bracket 16 is movably connected on support frame 13, and connector 17 is socketed On hanger bracket 16, it is connected on 17 hangers of connecting rod by 14 one end of mechanical-stretching bar, the other end is connected on support frame 13, Connecting rod 17 is connected with the muscle structure at 47 rear of back plate by square steel 18, motor bearing 20 is mounted on 47 rear of back plate by bottom right Side, hydraulic motor 19 are mounted on motor bearing 20, and side output bull wheel 21 and side output principal oscillation wheel 22 are separately mounted to middle plate 15 and the right side of foreboard 24 on, left side successively amounts to six small support wheels 7 for two groups of arrangement installation, and two bearing tubes 46 are pacified respectively Mounted in 24 center two sides of middle plate 15 and foreboard, connecting middle plate 15 and foreboard 24, driving belt 23 is along clockwise direction successively Around side output bull wheel 21 and six small support wheel 7, grizzly bar 37 and rivet 38, middle plate 15 are successively installed within driving belt 23 1 weeks It is bolted in back plate 47 by several, so far lateral output system is mounted for an entirety, defeated by tractor hydraulic Outlet driving hydraulic motor 19 rotates driving belt 23 to drive side output bull wheel 21 and side to export the rotation of principal oscillation wheel 22, Potato is driven to change the direction of motion, lateral movement is fallen in furrow.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the mechanical-stretching bar 14 adjusts its length by screw flight, and then adjusts The levelness of lateral output system.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, spacing is 37-40mm between the grizzly bar 37.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, 7 diameter of small support wheel is 74mm, and big 10 diameter of driving wheel is 240mm, small 12 diameter of driving wheel is 200mm, and II 40 diameter of transmission shaft is 30mm, and shovel 33 diameter of support shaft is 50mm, III 41 diameter of transmission shaft For 28mm, IV 42 diameter of transmission shaft is 26mm.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, center is main away from for 1299.9mm between the head sprocket I 3 and head sprocket II 39 4 model 16A of chain, pitch 25.4, secondary chain wheel I 25 and time 28 center of chain wheel II away from for 495.99mm, secondary 26 model 12A of chain, Pitch 19.05, vibrating wheels chain wheel I 27 and 31 center of vibrating wheels chain wheel II are away from being 720,30 model 12A of vibrating wheels chain, pitch 19.05。
As a preferred solution of the present invention, I 9 length of belt is 3990.95mm, spacing 965mm, the length of belt II 11 Degree is 1561.13mm, and spacing 965mm, 23 length of driving belt is 3325.96mm, spacing 460mm.
The present invention is by mounting tractor, and then tractor drives cropper to carry out harvest operation, and tractor moves forwards Excavating gear is driven to dig soil and potato wedge mixture;Power is transferred to power transmission system by tractor motive power output shaft System, output power drive the rotation of gear-box axis, and then are again filled power transmission to driving wheel band Separation by vibration by chain Setting makes its rotation, and the rotation of principal oscillation separator, which is realized, will excavate the Separation by vibration of the soil and potato wedge mixture that get up, and Separated potato wedge is transmitted in secondary vibration separator;Secondary vibration separator will speckle with the potato wedge of a small amount of soil again Separation by vibration again, and separated potato wedge is sent in lateral output system;Dynamic transfer system is used for switching kinetics direction And long range power transmission;Side output system provides power by tractor hydraulic output device, and separated potato wedge is lateral Output, can Pu in stripes be placed in furrow and so far complete harvest operation.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, operation of the present invention is simple, and structure is simple, economic and practical, a tractor serves several purposes, is not only suitable for hilly and mountainous land potato environment, Suitable for plains region potato planting environment, while its purposes can be also expanded, to the harvest operation of other root crops It can be applicable in, such as: sweet potato, sweet potato, pachyrhizus;
2, the present invention uses tractor-drawn operation, and working power is big, easy to operate, and operating efficiency is high;
3, the present invention changes the mode that tradition adjusts digger blade angle of penetration using hydraulic cylinder mode, realizes electrodeless hue angle Function, while easy to operate, operation is simpler and rapid;
4, the present invention is by two-stage vibration separator, while using a variety of mode of vibrations, improves point of potato and soil block From effect, very good solution hilly and mountainous land Soils In The Region glues the problem of weight;
5, the present invention uses lateral output device, the potato wedge of separator well can Pu into strips be placed in furrow, improve operation effect Rate, while exposed potato rate is improved, potato rate and damage ratio are buried in reduction.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is main view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is top view of the invention;
Fig. 3 is that the present invention excavates shovel device figure;
Fig. 4 is present invention separation transport portion and excavating gear side view;
Fig. 5 is active vibration device top view of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is left view of the invention;
Fig. 7 is lateral output system main view of the invention;
Fig. 8 is lateral output system side view of the invention;
Fig. 9 is lateral output system front view of the invention.
Each label in Fig. 1-9: 1- rack, 2- transmission shaft I, 3- head sprocket I, 4- main chain, 5- gear-box, 6- passively vibrate The small support wheel of device, 7-, 8- principal oscillation device, 9- belt I, the big driving wheel of 10-, 11- belt II, the small driving wheel of 12-, 13- branch Support, 14- mechanical-stretching bar, plate, 16- suspender, 17- connector, 18- square steel, 19- hydraulic motor, 20- motor branch in 15- Seat, the side 21- output bull wheel, the side 22- output principal oscillation wheel, 23- driving belt, 24- foreboard, 25- chain wheel I, 26- chain, 27- vibrating wheels chain wheel I, 28- chain wheel II, 29- tire, 30- vibrating wheels chain, 31- vibrating wheels chain wheel II, 32- connecting plate, 33- shovels support shaft, 34- hydraulic cylinder, 35- digger blade, the big support wheel of 36-, 37- grizzly bar, 38- rivet, 39- head sprocket II, 40- Transmission shaft II, 41- transmission shaft III, 42- transmission shaft IV, 43- shovel bearing tube, 44 shovel connecting tubes, 45- transition wheel, 46- bearing tube, 47- back plate.
Specific embodiment
In the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1: as shown in figs 1-9, a kind of hilly and mountainous land potato picker, including rack 1, dynamic transfer system, Excavating gear, primary vibration separator, secondary vibration separator, lateral output system;
The dynamic transfer system is used to transmit power for primary vibration separator, secondary vibration separator;
The excavating gear is used to travel forward by tractor-drawn rack 1, and the digger blade 35 of six combinations is made to enter soil Carry out the excavation of potato;
The primary vibration separator, secondary vibration separator, lateral output system are used for by using belt I 9, grizzly bar 37 and rivet 38 be formed by connecting, rotation drives belt I 9, belt II 11 to make its own after transmitting power by dynamic transfer system It rotates and vibrates, realize that potato soil separates between potato and soil block;
The lateral output system is used to drive hydraulic motor 19 to rotate by the hydrostatic output power of tractor, to drive side It exports bull wheel 21 and side output principal oscillation wheel 22 rotates, so that driving belt 23 rotates, enable potato lateral movement to lateral Output system end, falls into furrow.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the dynamic transfer system includes gear-box 5, transmission shaft I 2, head sprocket I 3, master Chain wheel II 39, main chain 4, transmission shaft II 40, secondary chain wheel I 25, secondary chain wheel II 28, secondary chain 26, vibrating wheels chain wheel I 27, vibration Wheel sprocket II 31, vibrating wheels chain 30, transmission shaft III 41, transmission shaft IV 42;
The gear-box 5 is welded on front position in rack 1, and transmission shaft I 2 is connected to 5 right side of gear-box, and head sprocket I 3 is mounted on Concentric cooperation on transmission shaft I 2, head sprocket II 39 are mounted on concentric cooperation on rack middle and upper part position and transmission shaft II 40, Head sprocket I 3 and head sprocket II 39 is set to cooperate by main chain 4, secondary chain wheel II 28 is mounted on the other end of transmission shaft II 40 By the concentric cooperation in inner position, concentric cooperation at secondary 25 installation frame of chain wheel I, 1 tail portion upper end transmission shaft III 41, secondary chain 26 Time chain wheel I 25 and time chain wheel II 28 are connected, vibrating wheels chain wheel I 27 is mounted on concentric cooperation on transmission shaft II 40, while secondary The external position of chain wheel II 28;Vibrating wheels chain wheel II 31 is mounted on concentric cooperation on central rack position transmission shaft IV 42, vibration Driving wheel chain 30 connects vibrating wheels chain wheel I 27 and vibrating wheels chain wheel II 31, is exported by tractor dynamic power by power transmission to tooth In roller box 5, and then drive above-mentioned parts turn by power transmission to entire cropper.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the excavating gear includes shovel support shaft 33, shovel bearing tube 43, shovel connecting tube 44, digger blade 35, connecting plate 32, hydraulic cylinder 34;
The shovel support shaft 33 is mounted at 1 front bottom of rack, and shovel bearing tube 43 is welded in shovel support shaft 33, passes through one Its position of the small Interal fixation of block is fixed in shovel 43 front end of bearing tube installation shovel connecting tube 44 using bolt, the welding peace of digger blade 35 In shovel connecting tube 44, one end of connecting plate 32 is mounted at shovel 33 both ends of support shaft, key connection, 34 lower end of hydraulic cylinder peace At the other end of connecting plate 32, revolute pair connection, 34 upper end of hydraulic cylinder is mounted on rack middle and upper part, and revolute pair connects, It is stretched operation by hydraulic cylinder 34, the rotation of connecting plate 32 drives shovel support shaft 33 to rotate, the shovel bearing tube 43 that is connected thereto, Shovel connecting tube 44 and digger blade 35 follow it to move, and then have adjusted the angle of penetration of digger blade 35.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the primary vibration separator include big driving wheel 10, it is small support wheel 7, big Support wheel 36, belt I 9, grizzly bar 37, rivet 38, passive vibration device 6, principal oscillation device 8;
The small support wheel 7 is mounted on 1 lower front of rack, and at shovel 33 front upper of support shaft, passive vibration device 6 is installed In central rack, locates active vibration device 8 in its rear and be mounted in rack 1, place after big driving wheel 10 is mounted in rack 1, Four small support wheel 7 is successively installed in rack 1 in the four different level positions in lower section between big driving wheel 10 and big support wheel 36 On, belt I 9 is clockwise successively around big support wheel 36, passive vibration device 6, principal oscillation device 8, big driving wheel 10 and four A small support wheel 7 successively installs grizzly bar 37 for I 91 weeks around belt and rivet 38 finally constitutes primary vibration separator, Big driving wheel 10, principal oscillation device 8 are cooperatively connected with the transmission shaft of dynamic transfer system II 40, transmission shaft IV 42 respectively, pass through Dynamic transfer system drives big driving wheel 10 and principal oscillation device 8 to rotate, and big driving wheel 10 drives entire belt I 9 to rotate, main vibration The dynamic rotation of device 8 drives the up-down vibration of belt I 9, and belt I 9 rotates and drives passive vibration device 6 to move while vibration, To increase the vibrating effect of whole system.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the secondary vibration separator includes small driving wheel 12, small support wheel 7, mistake Ferry boat 45, belt II 11, grizzly bar 37, rivet 38;
The small driving wheel 12 is mounted at 1 upper rear center of arc of rack, is also equipped in small 12 forward lower part of driving wheel Small support wheel 7, transition wheel 45 are mounted on tangent outside big 10 rear of driving wheel and belt I 9, the installation of small support wheel 7 below In rack 1, belt II 11 is along clockwise direction successively around small driving wheel 12, two small support wheels 7, transition wheels 45, belt II 11 outsides are tangent with transition wheel 45, successively install within II 11 1 weeks grizzly bar 37 and rivet 38 around belt, small driving wheel 12 and The transmission shaft III 41 of dynamic transfer system connects, by dynamic transfer system by power transmission to small driving wheel 12, small driving wheel 12 rotations drive belt II 11 to rotate, and then achieve the effect that Separation by vibration, and transition wheel 45 and belt 9 and belt II 11 are tangent, Prevent potato wedge from falling from its gap.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the lateral output system include support frame 13, suspender 16, connector 17, Mechanical-stretching bar 14, back plate 47, middle plate 15, foreboard 24, square steel 18, hydraulic motor 19, motor bearing 20, side output bull wheel 21, Side exports principal oscillation wheel 22, driving belt 23, small support wheel 7, bearing tube 46, grizzly bar 37, rivet 38;
Support frame as described above 13 is mounted on 1 upper rear of rack, and hanger bracket 16 is movably connected on support frame 13, and connector 17 is socketed On hanger bracket 16, it is connected on 17 hangers of connecting rod by 14 one end of mechanical-stretching bar, the other end is connected on support frame 13, Connecting rod 17 is connected with the muscle structure at 47 rear of back plate by square steel 18, motor bearing 20 is mounted on 47 rear of back plate by bottom right Side, hydraulic motor 19 are mounted on motor bearing 20, and side output bull wheel 21 and side output principal oscillation wheel 22 are separately mounted to middle plate 15 and the right side of foreboard 24 on, left side successively amounts to six small support wheels 7 for two groups of arrangement installation, and two bearing tubes 46 are pacified respectively Mounted in 24 center two sides of middle plate 15 and foreboard, connecting middle plate 15 and foreboard 24, driving belt 23 is along clockwise direction successively Around side output bull wheel 21 and six small support wheel 7, grizzly bar 37 and rivet 38, middle plate 15 are successively installed within driving belt 23 1 weeks It is bolted in back plate 47 by several, so far lateral output system is mounted for an entirety, defeated by tractor hydraulic Outlet driving hydraulic motor 19 rotates driving belt 23 to drive side output bull wheel 21 and side to export the rotation of principal oscillation wheel 22, Potato is driven to change the direction of motion, lateral movement is fallen in furrow.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, the mechanical-stretching bar 14 adjusts its length by screw flight, and then adjusts The levelness of lateral output system.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, spacing is 37-40mm between the grizzly bar 37.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, 7 diameter of small support wheel is 74mm, and big 10 diameter of driving wheel is 240mm, small 12 diameter of driving wheel is 200mm, and II 40 diameter of transmission shaft is 30mm, and shovel 33 diameter of support shaft is 50mm, III 41 diameter of transmission shaft For 28mm, IV 42 diameter of transmission shaft is 26mm.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, center is main away from for 1299.9mm between the head sprocket I 3 and head sprocket II 39 4 model 16A of chain, pitch 25.4, secondary chain wheel I 25 and time 28 center of chain wheel II away from for 495.99mm, secondary 26 model 12A of chain, Pitch 19.05, vibrating wheels chain wheel I 27 and 31 center of vibrating wheels chain wheel II are away from being 720,30 model 12A of vibrating wheels chain, pitch 19.05。
As a preferred solution of the present invention, I 9 length of belt is 3990.95mm, spacing 965mm, the length of belt II 11 Degree is 1561.13mm, and spacing 965mm, 23 length of driving belt is 3325.96mm, spacing 460mm.
The working principle of the invention is:
First this cropper rack 1 is articulated in tractor trifilar suspension system using preceding, 29 frames 1 of tire will be drawn Power output shaft accesses on gear-box 2, reduces tractor trifilar suspension height, until excavating digger blade 35 and potato ridge height To tractor dynamic power output device between 150-180mm, is opened, power passes through gearbox 5, transmission shaft I 2, head sprocket I 3, main chain To drive the rotation of big driving wheel 10, big driving wheel 10 drives belt I 9 and thereon for item 4, head sprocket II 39, transmission shaft II 40 Grizzly bar 37 follows movement, and the movement of belt I 9 drives the movement of passive vibration device 6, primary vibration separator setting in motion, By simultaneously by being connected to the vibrating wheels chain wheel I 27 of II 40 other side of transmission shaft, secondary chain wheel II 28 also starts turning, vibrate endless chain Taking turns I 28 rotations drives vibrating wheels chain 30, vibrating wheels chain wheel II 31, the rotation of transmission shaft IV 42 to rotate principal oscillation device 8, thus Increase the vibrating effect of primary vibration separator;
The rotation for being mounted on the secondary chain wheel II 28 on transmission shaft II 40 drives turn of time chain 26, secondary chain wheel I 25, transmission shaft III 41 Dynamic, the small driving wheel 12 of the drive of transmission shaft III 41 rotates drive belt II 11 in turn and grizzly bar 37 thereon follows movement, second level vibration Dynamic separator setting in motion, transition wheel 45 between primary vibration separator and secondary vibration separator because with belt I 9, belt II 11 is tangent, while rotating because of the movement of the two;
Then starting tractor is advanced slowly, and adjusts tractor hydraulic output system, and hydraulic cylinder 34 operates, by power by connecting Fishplate bar 32, shovel support shaft 33 drive to digger blade 35, and then the angle of penetration of digger blade 35 is adjusted by transfer motion power, work as excavation It shovels 35 angle of penetration and reaches suitable range, tractor stops moving ahead, by the length for adjusting cropper rear portion mechanical-stretching bar 14 Angle between minor section support frame 13 and suspender 16, and then it is adjusted to the angle of lateral output system driving belt 23 and ground Degree adjusts hydraulic output system when lateral output system driving belt 23 and the angle level on ground at this time, starts rear liquid Pressure motor 19, the power of hydraulic motor 19 drive side output principal oscillation wheel 22 to rotate, and side exports the rotation that principal oscillation wheel 22 rotates It drives the grizzly bar 37 on belt 23 to move, and then the transmission device setting in motion of side output device, is adjusted to Rational Rotation Speed, draw Machine moves forwards, and starts to carry out potato harvest operation, is dug out potato earth mixtures by digger blade 35, by primary vibration point Potato earth mixtures is separated for the first time from device, then separates potato earth mixtures again through secondary vibration separator, potato warp Side output device changes its direction of motion, finally falls Pu at item and puts into furrow.
Specific embodiments of the present invention are explained in detail above in conjunction with attached drawing, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned realities Example is applied, it within the knowledge of a person skilled in the art, can also be without departing from the purpose of the present invention Various changes can be made.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hilly and mountainous land potato picker, it is characterised in that: including rack (1), dynamic transfer system, excavating gear, Primary vibration separator, secondary vibration separator, lateral output system;
The dynamic transfer system is used to transmit power for primary vibration separator, secondary vibration separator;
The excavating gear is used to travel forward by tractor-drawn rack (1), enters the digger blade (35) of six combinations The excavation of soil progress potato;
The primary vibration separator, secondary vibration separator, lateral output system are used for by using belt I (9), grid Item (37) and rivet (38) are formed by connecting, and rotation drives belt I (9), belt II after transmitting power by dynamic transfer system (11) so that its own is rotated and is vibrated, realize that potato soil separates between potato and soil block;
The lateral output system is used to drive hydraulic motor (19) rotation by the hydrostatic output power of tractor, to drive Side exports bull wheel (21) and side output principal oscillation wheel (22) rotation enables potato laterally to transport so that driving belt (23) rotates It moves to lateral output system end, falls into furrow.
2. hilly and mountainous land potato picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the dynamic transfer system includes Gear-box (5), transmission shaft I (2), head sprocket I (3), head sprocket II (39), main chain (4), transmission shaft II (40), secondary chain wheel I (25), secondary chain wheel II (28), secondary chain (26), vibrating wheels chain wheel I (27), vibrating wheels chain wheel II (31), vibrating wheels chain (30), Transmission shaft III (41), transmission shaft IV (42);
The gear-box (5) is welded on front position on rack (1), and transmission shaft I (2) is connected on the right side of gear-box (5), head sprocket I (3) are mounted on concentric cooperation on transmission shaft I (2), and head sprocket II (39) is mounted on rack middle and upper part position and transmission shaft II (40) concentric cooperation on makes head sprocket I (3) and head sprocket II (39) cooperate, secondary chain wheel II (28) by main chain (4) The other end of transmission shaft II (40) is mounted on by the concentric cooperation in inner position, secondary chain wheel I (25) installation frame (1) tail portion upper end passes Concentric cooperation at moving axis III (41), secondary chain (26) connect time chain wheel I (25) and time chain wheel II (28), vibrating wheels chain wheel I (27) concentric cooperation on transmission shaft II (40), while the external position in secondary chain wheel II (28) are mounted on;Vibrating wheels chain wheel II (31) it is mounted on concentric cooperation on central rack position transmission shaft IV (42), vibrating wheels chain (30) connects vibrating wheels chain wheel I (27) with vibrating wheels chain wheel II (31).
3. hilly and mountainous land potato picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the excavating gear includes shovel branch Support axis (33), shovel bearing tube (43), shovel connecting tube (44), digger blade (35), connecting plate (32), hydraulic cylinder (34);
The shovel support shaft (33) is mounted at the bottom of rack (1) front, and shovel bearing tube (43) is welded on shovel support shaft (33) On, it is fixed in shovel bearing tube (43) front end installation shovel connecting tube (44) using bolt by one piece of its position of small Interal fixation, Digger blade (35) welding is mounted on shovel connecting tube (44), and one end of connecting plate (32) is mounted at shovel support shaft (33) both ends, Key connection, hydraulic cylinder (34) lower end are mounted at the other end of connecting plate (32), revolute pair connection, hydraulic cylinder (34) upper end It is mounted on rack middle and upper part, revolute pair connection, by hydraulic cylinder (34) flexible operation, connecting plate (32) rotation drives shovel support Axis (33) rotation, the shovel bearing tube (43) being connected thereto, shovel connecting tube (44) and digger blade (35) follow it to move, into And have adjusted the angle of penetration of digger blade (35).
4. hilly and mountainous land potato picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the primary vibration separator Including big driving wheel (10), small support wheel (7), big support wheel (36), belt I (9), grizzly bar (37), rivet (38), passive vibration Device (6), principal oscillation device (8);
The small support wheel (7) is mounted on rack (1) lower front, at shovel support shaft (33) front upper, passive vibration dress It sets (6) and is mounted on central rack, locate active vibration device (8) in its rear and be mounted on rack (1), big driving wheel (10) installation Place after in rack (1), the four different level positions in lower section are successively installed between big driving wheel (10) and big support wheel (36) Four small support wheel (7) is on rack (1), and belt I (9) is clockwise successively around big support wheel (36), passive vibration device (6), principal oscillation device (8), big driving wheel (10) and four small support wheel (7) successively install grid in one week around belt I (9) Item (37) and rivet (38) finally constitute primary vibration separator, big driving wheel (10), principal oscillation device (8) respectively with it is dynamic Transmission shaft II (40), the transmission shaft IV (42) of force transmission system are cooperatively connected, and drive big driving wheel by dynamic transfer system (10) and principal oscillation device (8) rotation, big driving wheel (10) drive entire belt I (9) rotation, and principal oscillation device (8) rotates band The up-down vibration of dynamic belt I (9), belt I (9) rotates and drives passive vibration device (6) to move while vibration, to increase The vibrating effect of whole system.
5. hilly and mountainous land potato picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the secondary vibration separator Including small driving wheel (12), small support wheel (7), transition wheel (45), belt II (11), grizzly bar (37), rivet (38);
The small driving wheel (12) is mounted at rack (1) upper rear center of arc, in small driving wheel (12) forward lower part It is equipped with small support wheel (7), it is external tangent that transition wheel (45) is mounted on big driving wheel (10) rear and belt I (9), below Small support wheel (7) is mounted on rack (1), and belt II (11) is along clockwise direction successively around small driving wheel (12), two small Support wheel (7), transition wheel (45), belt II (11) is external tangent with transition wheel (45), successively pacifies within one week around belt II (11) Grizzly bar (37) and rivet (38) are loaded onto, small driving wheel (12) connect with the transmission shaft III (41) of dynamic transfer system, passes through power For Transmission system by power transmission to small driving wheel (12), small driving wheel (12) rotation drives belt II (11) rotation, and then reaches The effect of Separation by vibration, transition wheel (45) and belt (9) and belt II (11) are tangent, prevent potato wedge from falling from its gap.
6. hilly and mountainous land potato picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the lateral output system includes Support frame (13), suspender (16), connector (17), mechanical-stretching bar (14), back plate (47), middle plate (15), foreboard (24), side Steel (18), hydraulic motor (19), motor bearing (20), side output bull wheel (21), side export principal oscillation wheel (22), driving belt (23), small support wheel (7), bearing tube (46), grizzly bar (37), rivet (38);
Support frame as described above (13) is mounted on rack (1) upper rear, and hanger bracket (16) is movably connected on support frame (13), connection Part (17) is socketed on hanger bracket (16), is connected on connecting rod (17) hangers by mechanical-stretching bar (14) one end, the other end It is connected on support frame (13), is connected connecting rod (17) with the muscle structure at back plate (47) rear by square steel (18), motor branch Seat (20) is mounted on back plate (47) rear by lower right, and hydraulic motor (19) is mounted on motor bearing (20), and side exports bull wheel (21) and side output principal oscillation wheel (22) is separately mounted on middle plate (15) and foreboard (24) right side, left side successively arrangement installation Two groups amount to six small support wheel (7), and two bearing tubes (46) are separately mounted to middle plate (15) and foreboard (24) center two Side, connecting middle plate (15) and foreboard (24), driving belt (23) is along clockwise direction successively around side output bull wheel (21) and six A small support wheel (7), successively installs grizzly bar (37) and rivet (38) for driving belt (23) one weeks, and middle plate (15) passes through several spiral shells Bolt is connected on back plate (47), and so far lateral output system is mounted for an entirety, is driven by tractor hydraulic delivery outlet Hydraulic motor (19) rotates driving belt (23) to drive side output bull wheel (21) and side output principal oscillation wheel (22) to rotate, Potato is driven to change the direction of motion, lateral movement is fallen in furrow.
7. hilly and mountainous land potato picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the mechanical-stretching bar (14) is logical It crosses screw flight and adjusts its length, and then adjust the levelness of lateral output system.
8. hilly and mountainous land potato picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: spacing between the grizzly bar (37) For 37-40mm.
9. hilly and mountainous land potato picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: small support wheel (7) diameter For 74mm, big driving wheel (10) diameter is 240mm, and small driving wheel (12) diameter is 200mm, and transmission shaft II (40) diameter is 30mm, shovel support shaft (33) diameter are 50mm, and transmission shaft III (41) diameter is 28mm, and transmission shaft IV (42) diameter is 26mm.
10. hilly and mountainous land potato picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the head sprocket I (3) and master Center is away from for 1299.9mm between chain wheel II (39), main chain (4) model 16A, pitch 25.4, secondary chain wheel I (25) and time sprocket wheel II (28) center is away from for 495.99mm, secondary chain (26) model 12A, pitch 19.05, vibrating wheels chain wheel I (27) and vibration endless chain II (31) center is taken turns away from being 720, vibrating wheels chain (30) model 12A, pitch 19.05.
CN201910679866.2A 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 A kind of hilly and mountainous land potato picker Pending CN110366927A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111557161A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-08-21 山西省农业科学院作物科学研究所 High-efficiency radix astragali unearthed harvesting device
CN111642220A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-09-11 欧阳玲 Potato harvesting device with recycling function
CN112544203A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-26 内蒙古工业大学 Ultraviolet device for curing potato skins
CN113196933A (en) * 2021-05-07 2021-08-03 重庆市农业科学院 Potato harvester integrating seedling killing, digging, separating and collecting functions and harvesting method

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CN206963352U (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-02-06 山东菏泽鲁源动力机械有限公司 A kind of potato picker
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CN200990783Y (en) * 2006-12-07 2007-12-19 王新明 Semi-automatic potato harvester
KR20090124782A (en) * 2008-05-30 2009-12-03 정연수 A multifunctional crops harvester for adhesion cultivator
CN201774825U (en) * 2010-06-09 2011-03-30 刘学忠 Two-stage circulating side-laying tuber crop harvester
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111557161A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-08-21 山西省农业科学院作物科学研究所 High-efficiency radix astragali unearthed harvesting device
CN111642220A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-09-11 欧阳玲 Potato harvesting device with recycling function
CN112544203A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-26 内蒙古工业大学 Ultraviolet device for curing potato skins
CN113196933A (en) * 2021-05-07 2021-08-03 重庆市农业科学院 Potato harvester integrating seedling killing, digging, separating and collecting functions and harvesting method

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