CN202722023U - Chinese yam harvester - Google Patents

Chinese yam harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202722023U
CN202722023U CN 201220267009 CN201220267009U CN202722023U CN 202722023 U CN202722023 U CN 202722023U CN 201220267009 CN201220267009 CN 201220267009 CN 201220267009 U CN201220267009 U CN 201220267009U CN 202722023 U CN202722023 U CN 202722023U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
chinese yam
yam harvester
tractor
chain
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220267009
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张新星
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN 201220267009 priority Critical patent/CN202722023U/en
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Publication of CN202722023U publication Critical patent/CN202722023U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a Chinese yam harvester. The Chinese yam harvester comprises a tractor, a suspension frame, a suspension swing arm, a machine frame, a connection shaft, a universal joint transmission shaft assembly, a speed-changing box, a hydraulic adjustment column, a hydraulic control device, ditching excavating chains, soil-division wings, an outer cover, conveying belt type excavating ploughs and the like, wherein the machine frame is connected with the tractor through the suspension frame, the tractor provides power for the machine frame, drive sprockets of the ditching excavating chains are arranged at power output shafts at two sides of the speed-changing box, the conveying belt type excavating ploughs are arranged at two sides of the machine frame at the rear side of the ditching excavating chains, the excavating ploughs are capable of scooping up soil layers containing Chinese yams at the inner sides of ditches produced by the ditching excavating chains, and therefore the harvesting work is achieved. The Chinese yam harvester resolves the problems that the traditional manual work is large in labor intensity and high in labor cost, is capable of largely popularizing mechanization of deep-root class crops, and improves the income for farmers. Due to whole machine operation, the work efficiency is high, the failure rate is low, and therefore the Chinese yam harvester can be widely applied to the field of agricultural machinery.

Description

Chinese yam harvester
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural mechanical field, relates to a kind of for underground dark root class crop harvester, particularly a kind of agricultural machinery of Chinese yam harvesting.
Background technology
Chinese yam is underground dark root class crops, rhizome is long, be clavate, vertically go deep in the soil, at present, the results of China Chinese yam mostly adopt the form of manual work, need to deep-cut when manually gathering in the crops ditch could be with the rhizome of Chinese yam complete digging out, operation intensity is large, time-consuming, effort, production efficiency is extremely low, but also easily causes Chinese yam rhizome damage or fracture, cause the Chinese yam quality to reduce, adopt machinery to excavate the artificial mode of replacement although someone goes to put into practice, but still have many defectives, because the Chinese yam rhizome is more crisp, mechanical work is improper to be easy to cause Chinese yam to rupture, and excavates with the machinery that guarantees the Chinese yam integrality to cause again production efficiency lower.
The utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of Chinese yam harvester, neither damages Chinese yam, and production efficiency is high again, to remedy the deficiencies in the prior art.
The utility model Chinese yam harvester comprises the formations such as tractor, hanger bracket, suspended swinging arm, frame, connecting axle, Universal connector driving-shaft assembly, gearbox, hydraulic regulation post, hydraulic control device, trench digging digger chain, minute native wing, outer cover, conveyer belt type grubber.Described tractor is provided with hanger bracket, described frame is passed through respectively connecting axle, the suspended swinging arm is connected with hanger bracket, described gearbox is installed on the frame, the power take-off of tractor is connected with the power take-off of gearbox by the Universal connector driving-shaft assembly, described trench digging digger chain is by drive sprocket, sprocket wheel, regulate sprocket wheel, bumper bracket, the ditching operation frame, chain and the chain shovel that is fixed on the chain form, described drive sprocket is installed on the power take-off of both sides of gearbox, described ditching operation frame is installed in the both sides of frame, its bottom is provided with sprocket wheel, by chain respectively with drive sprocket, the adjusting sprocket wheel connects, described adjusting sprocket wheel is installed on the bumper bracket of frame both sides, and described bumper bracket is provided with spring and adjusting device.
The utility model Chinese yam harvester, described connecting axle is provided with horizontal slide rail, and described frame is installed on the horizontal slide rail, and cylinder barrel one end of described hydraulic regulation post is fixed on the frame, and its piston rod one end is stuck in stiff end on the connecting axle by pin.
The utility model Chinese yam harvester, described conveyer belt type grubber is comprised of digging operation frame, grubber, hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure, hydraulic tube, described digging operation frame is installed in the frame both sides of ditching operation frame rear side, the bottom of digging operation frame is provided with grubber and hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure, and described hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure is connected with hydraulic control device by hydraulic tube.
The utility model Chinese yam harvester, described digging operation frame is provided with a minute native wing, the wing shape structure of the described minute native wing for tilting.
The utility model Chinese yam harvester, described trench digging digger chain top is provided with acclivitous outer cover.
As further improvement in the technical proposal, the utility model Chinese yam harvester can arrange the earth poker structure on the described frame, is connected with the output of gearbox, outputs power to be converted into the earth poker that ring-type swings.
Owing to having adopted technique scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, the utility model adopts the structure of both sides trench digging digger chain, can leave Liang Tiaogou in the both sides of Chinese yam, has reduced the resistance to both sides digging operation frame, has strengthened the depth of implements of grubber, makes it more to be satisfied with the deep ploughing operation to dark root class crops.
2, the utility model adopts conveyer belt type grubber structure, the Chinese yam soil horizon that contains of surveying in two ditches that grubber can be left the trench digging digger chain smoothly scoops up, the soil horizon that will contain Chinese yam through the hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure of conveyer belt type grubber is upwards carried backward, loosing soil after landing is easy to just Chinese yam be taken out.
3, the utility model adopts hydraulic regulation post and hydraulic regulating device structure, can in operation process, regulate at any time horizontal operation distance and vertical lift operation, adjusting and maintenance farming face are parallel with harvested product, what guarantee reaping machine falls operation and rise, the control depth of implements, thereby effectively avoid the destruction of in the harvest operation crop being caused, greatly improved operation mobility and job stabilization.
4, the utility model adopts the driving mechanism of suspension traction and the power transmission shaft output of tractor, has guaranteed tractive force and the operation mobility of reaping machine, and power drive is stable.
5, the hitch of employing tractor of the present utility model and hydraulic regulation post and hydraulic regulating device structure, the hydraulic regulation post by suspension lifting and hydraulic control is lift work independently, can rise at any time walking, and the complete machine maneuverability is strong.
6, the utility model is cheap for manufacturing cost, controls operation simple, high efficiency, and failure rate is low can be widely used in agricultural mechanical field as the farming results of the dark root class crops such as Chinese yam.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Chinese yam harvester;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of packing up when walking of Chinese yam harvester.
Schematic diagram when Fig. 3 is the results farming of Chinese yam harvester.
Wherein: 1, hanger bracket; 2, suspended swinging arm; 3, frame; 4, Universal connector driving-shaft assembly; 5, gearbox; 6, hydraulic regulation post; 7, drive sprocket; 8, sprocket wheel; 9, regulate sprocket wheel; 10, bumper bracket; 11, ditching operation frame; 12, chain; 13, chain shovel; 14, divide the native wing; 15, outer cover; 16, digging operation frame; 17, grubber; 18, hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure; 19, hydraulic tube; 20, connecting axle; 21, tractor.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present utility model is further described and sets forth:
The utility model Chinese yam harvester comprises the formations such as tractor 21, hanger bracket 1, suspended swinging arm 2, frame 3, connecting axle 20, Universal connector driving-shaft assembly 4, gearbox 5, hydraulic regulation post 6, hydraulic control device, trench digging digger chain, minute native wing 14, outer cover 15, conveyer belt type grubber.Wherein, described tractor 21 is provided with hanger bracket 1, described frame 3 is respectively by connecting axle 20, suspended swinging arm 2 is connected with hanger bracket 1, described gearbox 5 is installed on the frame 3, the power take-off of tractor 21 is connected by the power take-off of Universal connector driving-shaft assembly 4 with gearbox 5, described trench digging digger chain is by drive sprocket 7, sprocket wheel 8, regulate sprocket wheel 9, bumper bracket 10, ditching operation frame 11, chain 12 and the chain shovel 13 that is fixed on the chain form, described drive sprocket 7 is installed on the power take-off of both sides of gearbox 5, described ditching operation frame 11 is installed in the both sides of frame 3, its bottom is provided with sprocket wheel 8, by chain 12 respectively with drive sprocket 7, regulating sprocket wheel 9 connects, described adjusting sprocket wheel 9 is installed on the bumper bracket 10 of frame 3 both sides, described bumper bracket 10 is provided with spring and adjusting device, with adjusting chain 12 degrees of tightness and buffering operation resistance, improve job stabilization.
The utility model Chinese yam harvester, wherein, described connecting axle 20 is provided with horizontal slide rail, described frame 3 is installed on the horizontal slide rail, cylinder barrel one end of described hydraulic regulation post 6 is fixed on the frame 3, its piston rod one end is stuck in stiff end on the connecting axle 20 by pin, by transverse hydraulic adjustable column 6 control frames 3 amplitude that swings, can in operation process, regulate at any time horizontal operation distance, regulate and keep the parallel of farming face and harvested product, thereby effectively avoid the destruction of in the harvest operation crop being caused.
The utility model Chinese yam harvester, wherein, described conveyer belt type grubber is by digging operation frame 16, grubber 17, hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure 18, hydraulic tube 19 forms, described digging operation frame 16 is installed in frame 3 both sides of ditching operation frame 11 rear sides, the bottom of digging operation frame 16 is provided with grubber 17 and hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure 18, the soil layer that contains Chinese yam that grubber 17 excavates rises and upwards dishes out backward through hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure 18, can at an easy rate Chinese yam be taken out from soft way, described hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure 18 is connected with hydraulic control device by hydraulic tube 19.
The utility model Chinese yam harvester, wherein, described digging operation frame 16 is provided with a minute native wing 14, the wing shape structure of the described minute native wing 14 for tilting, the soil that the trench digging digger chain can have been sticked up is dished out to both sides, forms two operation ditches, to reduce the resistance to digging operation frame 16.
The utility model Chinese yam harvester, wherein, described trench digging digger chain top is provided with acclivitous outer cover 15, and the soil that sticked up of trench digging digger chain can be dished out to both sides along acclivitous outer cover 15.
As further improvement in the technical proposal, the utility model Chinese yam harvester, on the described frame 3 the earth poker structure can be set, be connected with the output of gearbox 5, output power and be converted into the earth poker that ring-type swings, the petiolar earth of edaphic Chinese yam that is raised to peak can be pulled out, Chinese yam is separated with soil horizon to greatest extent.
During use, start tractor 21, tractor 21 is driven to the operation field, control the operation clutch, the power take-off of tractor 21 rotates, the power take-off that drives the gearbox 5 that is connected with Universal connector driving-shaft assembly 4 rotates, drive sprocket 7 drives the trench digging digger chain and rotates, the primer fluid pressure control device, the hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure 18 of control conveyer belt type grubber rotates, at this moment, control the hanger bracket clutch, control hanger bracket 1 falls, the frame 3 that is attached thereto is whole whereabouts thereupon, the trench digging digger chain is rotating and is going deep into earth, the earth excavation is dished out, tractor 21 to overtake after, the primer fluid pressure control device, hydraulic regulation post 6 push rods at control frame 3 tops eject, frame 3 continues to fall, the soil horizon turn up that contains Chinese yam that the grubber 17 of conveyer belt type grubber is emptied along both sides, the soil horizon that contains Chinese yam rises through the upwards backward output of hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure 18, and the soil horizon segmentation separates when landing, and can at an easy rate Chinese yam be taken out from soft soil like this, along with tractor 21 continues to overtake, grubber 17 continues to advance along the Liang Tiaogou that the trench digging digger chain is left, and the soil horizon that will contain Chinese yam upwards excavates to be routed up, and forms the layer that loosens the soil that contains Chinese yam, so move in circles, reaping machine only need be extracted Chinese yam later and get final product from loosen the soil.
The utility model Chinese yam harvester and tractor 21 disjunctors are installed, and provide power by tractor 21, finish the harvest operation to dark root class crops such as Chinese yams, solved the problem that the labour intensity that adopts traditional manual work is large, human cost is high, can greatly popularize the mechanization of dark root class crops, improve peasant's income.It is simple that the utility model is controlled operation, high efficiency, and failure rate is low can be widely used in agricultural mechanical field.

Claims (6)

1. Chinese yam harvester, comprise tractor (21), hanger bracket (1), suspended swinging arm (2), frame (3), connecting axle (20), Universal connector driving-shaft assembly (4), gearbox (5), hydraulic regulation post (6), hydraulic control device, the trench digging digger chain, divide the native wing (14), outer cover (15), the conveyer belt type grubber consists of, it is characterized in that: described tractor (21) is provided with hanger bracket (1), described frame (3) is respectively by connecting axle (20), suspended swinging arm (2) is connected with hanger bracket (1), described gearbox (5) is installed on the frame (3), the power take-off of tractor (21) is connected by the power take-off of Universal connector driving-shaft assembly (4) with gearbox (5), described trench digging digger chain is by drive sprocket (7), sprocket wheel (8), regulate sprocket wheel (9), bumper bracket (10), ditching operation frame (11), chain (12) and the chain shovel (13) that is fixed on the chain form, described drive sprocket (7) is installed on the power take-off of both sides of gearbox (5), described ditching operation frame (11) is installed in the both sides of frame (3), its bottom is provided with sprocket wheel (8), by chain (12) respectively with drive sprocket (7), regulating sprocket wheel (9) connects, described adjusting sprocket wheel (9) is installed on the bumper bracket (10) of frame (3) both sides, and described bumper bracket (10) is provided with spring and adjusting device.
2. Chinese yam harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described connecting axle (20) is provided with horizontal slide rail, described frame (3) is installed on the horizontal slide rail, cylinder barrel one end of described hydraulic regulation post (6) is fixed on the frame (3), and its piston rod one end is stuck in stiff end on the connecting axle (20) by pin.
3. Chinese yam harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described conveyer belt type grubber is by digging operation frame (16), grubber (17), hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure (18), hydraulic tube (19) forms, described digging operation frame (16) is installed in frame (3) both sides of ditching operation frame (11) rear side, the bottom of digging operation frame (16) is provided with grubber (17) and hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure (18), and described hydraulically powered conveyer belt structure (18) is connected with hydraulic control device by hydraulic tube (19).
4. Chinese yam harvester according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described digging operation frame (16) is provided with a minute native wing (14), the wing shape structure of the described minute native wing (14) for tilting.
5. Chinese yam harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described trench digging digger chain top is provided with acclivitous outer cover (15).
6. Chinese yam harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described frame is provided with the earth poker structure on (3), is connected with the output of gearbox (5), outputs power to be converted into the earth poker that ring-type swings.
CN 201220267009 2012-05-30 2012-05-30 Chinese yam harvester Expired - Fee Related CN202722023U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220267009 CN202722023U (en) 2012-05-30 2012-05-30 Chinese yam harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220267009 CN202722023U (en) 2012-05-30 2012-05-30 Chinese yam harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202722023U true CN202722023U (en) 2013-02-13

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ID=47647792

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220267009 Expired - Fee Related CN202722023U (en) 2012-05-30 2012-05-30 Chinese yam harvester

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN202722023U (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104737694A (en) * 2013-12-26 2015-07-01 中国热带农业科学院广州实验站 Small hydraulic bionic type cassava harvesting machine
CN105900589A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-08-31 蠡县第播种机械厂 Yam harvester
CN106211904A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-12-14 河北农哈哈机械集团有限公司 A kind of Chinese yam harvester
CN106358564A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-01 栗广臣 Underground crop harvester
CN110178520A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-08-30 河北农业大学 A kind of uniline fiber crops Chinese yam harvester
CN115380690A (en) * 2021-11-24 2022-11-25 石河子大学 Chain cutter type cistanche harvester based on vibration separation

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104737694A (en) * 2013-12-26 2015-07-01 中国热带农业科学院广州实验站 Small hydraulic bionic type cassava harvesting machine
CN105900589A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-08-31 蠡县第播种机械厂 Yam harvester
CN105900589B (en) * 2016-01-13 2023-01-31 蠡县第一播种机械厂 Yam harvester
CN106211904A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-12-14 河北农哈哈机械集团有限公司 A kind of Chinese yam harvester
CN106211904B (en) * 2016-08-25 2019-09-03 河北农哈哈机械集团有限公司 A kind of Chinese yam harvester
CN106358564A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-01 栗广臣 Underground crop harvester
CN110178520A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-08-30 河北农业大学 A kind of uniline fiber crops Chinese yam harvester
CN115380690A (en) * 2021-11-24 2022-11-25 石河子大学 Chain cutter type cistanche harvester based on vibration separation

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130213

Termination date: 20150530

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model