CN208387249U - A kind of no-tillage seeding machine with actively anti-tangle ditching device - Google Patents

A kind of no-tillage seeding machine with actively anti-tangle ditching device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208387249U
CN208387249U CN201820977558.9U CN201820977558U CN208387249U CN 208387249 U CN208387249 U CN 208387249U CN 201820977558 U CN201820977558 U CN 201820977558U CN 208387249 U CN208387249 U CN 208387249U
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China
Prior art keywords
tangle
ditching device
rack
careless
connect
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CN201820977558.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方会敏
牛萌萌
史嵩
徐高伟
位国建
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Shandong Academy of Agricultural Machinery Sciences
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Shandong Academy of Agricultural Machinery Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of no-tillage seeding machines with actively anti-tangle ditching device, it solves the problems, such as that the anti-block apparatus itself of seeder is easy to happen winding and blocking, the anti-tangle ditching device of its active, which realizes, allocates weeds, stalk and trench digging, it is strong to dial grass, anti-tangle ability, it is good to sow effect, its technical solution are as follows: including rack, rack is connect by trifilar suspension component with power-equipment;The rack is set gradually actively anti-tangle ditching device, fertilizer distributor, dispenser by direction of travel from front to back;The anti-tangle ditching device setting of active is multiple, and multiple anti-tangle ditching device interval set distances of active are fixed on rack head end;The anti-tangle ditching device of active includes anti-tangle group of careless component, described anti-tangle group careless feature bottom is connect with trench digging turnplow, anti-tangle group of careless component top is connect with reduction gearbox of bevel gear, passes through Universal drive axis connection between the reduction gearbox of bevel gear of the adjacent anti-tangle ditching device of active.

Description

A kind of no-tillage seeding machine with actively anti-tangle ditching device
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery technological fields, exempt from more particularly to a kind of with actively anti-tangle ditching device Plough seeder.
Background technique
Conservation tillage is to cover earth's surface with a large amount of crop straw stubbles, to farmland carry out it is no-tillage, minimal till operation, it is effective to reduce Wind erosion, water erosion improve soil texture, enhance soil fertility, improve drought-resistant ability etc., are a kind of advanced agricultural cultivating technologies.
The core of conservation tillage is crop straw stubble covering, existing no-tillage seeding equipment there are anti-tangle blocking-proof result is poor, So as to cause the seed that dries in the air, seeding quality is poor, working efficiency is low the problems such as.No-tillage anti-blocking device mainly includes the anti-blocking dress of passive type at present Set with active anti-block apparatus, it is main that stalk and weeds are cleared up by the operation forms such as throwing, cutting, dialling.It is existing no-tillage Itself it generally also will appear winding and blocking when anti-block apparatus actual job, to influence the operation quality and operation stabilization of equipment Property.
In conclusion the problem of winding and blocking are easy to happen for the anti-block apparatus of seeder itself in the prior art, Still lack effective solution scheme.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the above-mentioned deficiencies of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of with actively anti-tangle ditching device No-tillage seeding machine, the anti-tangle ditching device of active, which realizes, allocates weeds, stalk and trench digging, and group grass, anti-tangle ability are strong, sowing effect Fruit is good;
Further, the utility model adopts the following technical solutions:
A kind of no-tillage seeding machine with actively anti-tangle ditching device, including rack, rack by trifilar suspension component with Power-equipment connection;The rack is set gradually actively anti-tangle ditching device, fertilizer distributor, seeding by direction of travel from front to back Device;
The anti-tangle ditching device setting of active is multiple, and multiple anti-tangle ditching device interval set distances of active are fixed on machine Frame head end;The anti-tangle ditching device of active includes anti-tangle group of careless component, and described anti-tangle group careless feature bottom and trench digging turnplow connect It connects, anti-tangle group of careless component top is connect with reduction gearbox of bevel gear, between the reduction gearbox of bevel gear of the adjacent anti-tangle ditching device of active Pass through Universal drive axis connection.
Further, described anti-tangle group careless component includes the installation axle being vertically arranged, and the fixed setting of installation axle side is multiple Dial careless curved body.
Further, described group of careless curved body is curved plate, is fixedly connected on the inside of curved plate with installation axle, curved Plate is radially extended by installation axle to extend outwardly.
Further, the distance of the curved plate lateral wall away from installation axle is from top to bottom sequentially increased.
Further, curved board bottom portion is inclined surface, and curved board bottom portion's inside height is higher than curved board bottom Portion's outside height.
Further, described group of careless curved body vertical projection outer contour is Archimedes spiral.
Further, the installation axle lower end is connect with horizontal bearing block, and horizontal bearing block is fixed at the top of trench digging turnplow.
Further, the installation axle upper end is connect with vertical bearing seat, and it is vertical that plough is fixed in vertical bearing seat side Bar.
Further, the plough upright bar is vertically arranged and is fixed on rack;The plough upright bar fixed setting subtracts Fast device mounting plate is to be fixedly mounted reduction gearbox of bevel gear.
Further, the input shaft for being set to the reduction gearbox of bevel gear of the anti-tangle ditching device of the active of central rack is logical Universal drive shaft is crossed to connect with power-equipment.
Further, the fertilizer distributor includes the fertilizer box positioned at upper rack, and fertilizer apparatus, the fertilizer box is arranged in fertilizer box Bottom is connect with fertilising pipe, and fertilising pipe is extended obliquely downward to trench digging turnplow.
Further, the dispenser includes the plants case positioned at upper rack, and seeder, seeder is arranged in kind lower box part It is connect with water furrow planting component.
Further, the rack tail end connects driving wheel.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that
The no-tillage seeding machine of the utility model use designed, designed the anti-tangle ditching device of active, realize allocate weeds, Stalk and trench digging.
The careless component of anti-tangle group of the utility model can be completely encapsulated in the installation bearing of lower end the inside when installing, very well The grass-wrapping problem for solving common group of careless device lower end at present, avoid anti-block apparatus and itself occur winding and blocking up in operation Plug, while the vertical projection outer contour that careless curved body is dialled each of on anti-tangle group of careless component is designed based on Archimedes spiral, It realizes and preferably rotates clear miscellaneous effect.
The no-tillage seeding machine of the utility model and its anti-tangle ditching device group grass of active, anti-tangle ability are strong, and sowing effect is good.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present application, and the application's shows Meaning property embodiment and its explanation are not constituted an undue limitation on the present application for explaining the application.
Fig. 1 is the axonometric drawing of the utility model seeder;
Fig. 2 is the side view of the anti-tangle ditching device of the utility model active;
Fig. 3 is the main view of the anti-tangle ditching device of the utility model active;
Fig. 4 is the axonometric drawing of the anti-tangle ditching device of the utility model active;
Fig. 5 is the main view of the utility model anti-tangle group careless component;
Fig. 6 is the top view of the utility model anti-tangle group careless component;
In figure, 1: rack;2: four bar floating members;3: water furrow planting component;4: seeder;5: driving wheel;6: plants case;7: Fertilizer box;8: reduction gearbox of bevel gear;9: actively anti-tangle ditching device;10: trifilar suspension component;11: Intermediate bevel gears reduction gearbox; 12: universal drive shaft;13: fixed mounting plate;14: reduction gearbox mounting plate;15: vertical bearing seat mounting plate;16: plough is vertical Bar;17: fertilising pipe;18: trench digging turnplow;19: horizontal bearing block;20: anti-tangle group careless components;21: vertical bearing seat;22: shaft coupling Device;23: installation axle;24: dialling careless curved body.
Specific embodiment
It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination.
As background technique is introduced, exist in the prior art seeder anti-block apparatus itself be easy to happen winding and The problem of blocking, in order to solve technical problem as above, present applicant proposes a kind of with the no-tillage of actively anti-tangle ditching device Seeder.The utility model seeder is realized using the anti-tangle ditching device of active of designed, designed and allocates weeds, stalk and open Ditch.The installation bearing of lower end can be completely encapsulated in the inside when anti-tangle group of careless component installation, very good solution is current common The grass-wrapping problem for dialling careless device lower end, avoids anti-block apparatus and itself occurs winding and blocking in operation.The utility model Actively anti-tangle ditching device group grass, anti-tangle ability are strong, and sowing effect is good.
In a kind of typical embodiment of the application, as Figure 1-Figure 4, provide a kind of with actively anti-tangle trench digging The no-tillage seeding machine of device, including rack 1, rack 1 are connect by trifilar suspension component 10 with power-equipment, power in seeder Equipment generally uses tractor;Rack 1 set gradually from front to back by direction of travel actively anti-tangle ditching device 9, fertilizer distributor, Dispenser;
Fertilizer distributor includes the fertilizer box 7 positioned at 1 top of rack, and fertilizer apparatus is arranged in fertilizer box 7, and 7 bottom of fertilizer box and fertilising are managed 27 connections, fertilising pipe 27 are extended obliquely downward to trench digging turnplow 28.
Dispenser includes the plants case 6 positioned at 1 top of rack, and seeder 4 is arranged in 6 lower part of plants case, and seeder 4 is broadcast with trench digging Kind component 3 connects.Water furrow planting component 3 uses existing apparatus, including plough, and discharging tube, discharging tube is arranged on rear side of plough It is connect with seeder 4.
1 tail end of rack connects driving wheel 5.Four bar floating members 2 are set between the fertilizer distributor and dispenser of rack 1, Four bar floating members 2 use existing apparatus, can float up and down and guarantee depth of planting.
Actively anti-tangle ditching device 9 is arranged multiple, and multiple anti-tangle ditching devices 9 of active are spaced set distance and are fixed on rack 1 head end, multiple anti-tangle ditching devices 9 of active are arranged in order at 1 head end of rack;Actively anti-tangle ditching device 9 includes anti-tangle Careless component 20 is dialled, anti-tangle group of careless 20 bottom of component is connect with trench digging turnplow 18, and anti-tangle group of careless 20 top of component is slowed down with bevel gear Case 8 connects, and is connected between the reduction gearbox of bevel gear 8 of the adjacent anti-tangle ditching device 9 of active by universal drive shaft 12.It is set to machine The input shaft of the reduction gearbox of bevel gear (i.e. Intermediate bevel gears reduction gearbox 11) of the anti-tangle ditching device 9 of active in the middle part of 1 head end of frame is logical Universal drive shaft is crossed to connect with power-equipment.In the present embodiment, actively anti-tangle ditching device 9 is arranged 3, and two sides are actively anti-tangle to open The input shaft of the reduction gearbox of bevel gear 8 of ditch device 9 passes through the centre of universal drive shaft 12 and the anti-tangle ditching device 9 of middle part active The input shaft of the output axis connection of reduction gearbox of bevel gear 11, Intermediate bevel gears reduction gearbox 11 is dragged by universal drive shaft 12 with traction The output shaft of machine drawing is connected.
Effect of the reduction gearbox of bevel gear in the application seeder is to realize the angle restriction condition of input with output shaft, full Foot power input shaft conversion vertical with output shaft angle.Universal drive axis connection, nothing are used between reduction gearbox of bevel gear It need to consider the output between two neighboring bevel gear and the installation concentricity problem between input shaft, while also conveniently be embodied as full Sufficient different spacings and the clipping room between any two carried out are away from adjusting.The application uses the power transmitting side of reduction gearbox of bevel gear Formula, for hydraulic type, advantage of lower cost, convenience easy to maintenance.
As shown in Fig. 5-Fig. 6, anti-tangle group of careless component 20 includes the installation axle 23 being vertically arranged, and the fixation of 23 side of installation axle is set Set multiple groups of careless curved bodies 24.
Dialling careless curved body 24 is curved plate, is fixedly connected on the inside of curved plate with installation axle 23, curved plate is by installing Axis 23, which radially extends, to extend outwardly.
Distance of the curved plate lateral wall away from installation axle 23 is from top to bottom sequentially increased.
Curved board bottom portion is inclined surface, and curved board bottom portion's inside height is higher than curved board bottom portion outside height.Such as This setting can make the revolution space of its group of careless curved body lower end when anti-tangle group of careless component installation wrap horizontal bearing block completely It is rolled in the inside.
Dialling careless 24 vertical projection outer contour of curved body is Archimedes spiral.Careless curved body 24 is each dialled in the present embodiment Vertical projection outer contour be start radius 20mm, terminate radius 60mm, 180 ° of angle of Archimedes spiral of rotation.
In preferred scheme, the floor projection height for dialling careless curved body 24 is 230mm.
Curved body 24 is uniformly distributed is welded in installation axle 23 for multiple groups of grass of each anti-tangle group of careless component 20;The present embodiment In, careless curved body 24 is dialled for uniformly distributed welding 4 in the installation axle 23 of each anti-tangle group careless component 20.
23 lower end of installation axle is connect with horizontal bearing block 19, and horizontal bearing block 19 is fixed on 18 top of trench digging turnplow, horizontal Bearing block 19 is installed on the upper surface of trench digging turnplow 18.
23 upper end of installation axle is connect with vertical bearing seat 21, and 21 side of vertical bearing seat and vertical bearing seat mounting plate 15 connect It connects, vertical bearing seat mounting plate 15 is fixed on plough upright bar 16.23 upper end of installation axle by shaft coupling 22 with it is corresponding each The connected of the output shaft of 8 lower end of reduction gearbox of bevel gear
Plough upright bar 16 is vertically arranged and is fixed on rack 1 with U-bolt by fixed mounting plate 13;Plough upright bar 16 fixed setting retarder mounting plates 14 are to be fixedly mounted reduction gearbox of bevel gear 8.
Fixed mounting plate 13, plough upright bar 16, vertical bearing seat mounting plate 15, trench digging turnplow 18, reduction gearbox mounting plate 14 and fertilising pipe 17 be welded as a whole.
The foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the present application, are not intended to limit this application, for the skill of this field For art personnel, various changes and changes are possible in this application.Within the spirit and principles of this application, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of protection of this application.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of no-tillage seeding machine with actively anti-tangle ditching device, characterized in that including rack, rack passes through trifilar suspension Component is connect with power-equipment;The rack is set gradually actively anti-tangle ditching device, fertilizer dress by direction of travel from front to back It sets, dispenser;
The anti-tangle ditching device setting of active is multiple, and multiple anti-tangle ditching device interval set distances of active are fixed on rack head End;The anti-tangle ditching device of active includes anti-tangle group of careless component, and described anti-tangle group careless feature bottom connect with trench digging turnplow, prevent It twines group careless component top to connect with reduction gearbox of bevel gear, passes through ten thousand between the reduction gearbox of bevel gear of the adjacent anti-tangle ditching device of active To transmission axis connection.
2. no-tillage seeding machine as described in claim 1, characterized in that described anti-tangle group careless component includes the installation being vertically arranged Multiple groups of careless curved bodies are fixedly installed in axis, installation axle side.
3. no-tillage seeding machine as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that described group of careless curved body is curved plate, curved plate Inside is fixedly connected with installation axle, and curved plate is radially extended by installation axle to extend outwardly.
4. no-tillage seeding machine as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that the distance of the curved plate lateral wall away from installation axle by It is sequentially increased under.
5. no-tillage seeding machine as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that curved board bottom portion is inclined surface, curved plate Bottom inside height is higher than curved board bottom portion outside height.
6. no-tillage seeding machine as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that described group of careless curved body vertical projection outer contour be Ah Base Mead helical.
7. no-tillage seeding machine as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that the installation axle lower end is connect with horizontal bearing block, is crouched Formula bearing block is fixed at the top of trench digging turnplow;The installation axle upper end is connect with vertical bearing seat, and vertical bearing seat side is fixed In plough upright bar.
8. no-tillage seeding machine as claimed in claim 7, characterized in that the plough upright bar is vertically arranged and is fixed on machine Frame;The plough upright bar fixed setting retarder mounting plate is to be fixedly mounted reduction gearbox of bevel gear.
9. no-tillage seeding machine as described in claim 1, characterized in that be set to the anti-tangle trench digging dress of the active of central rack The input shaft for the reduction gearbox of bevel gear set is connect by universal drive shaft with power-equipment;The rack tail end connects driving wheel.
10. no-tillage seeding machine as described in claim 1, characterized in that the fertilizer distributor includes the fertilizer positioned at upper rack Case, fertilizer box is interior to be arranged fertilizer apparatus, and the fertilizer box bottom is connect with fertilising pipe, and fertilising pipe is extended obliquely downward to trench digging turnplow; The dispenser includes the plants case positioned at upper rack, and seeder is arranged in kind lower box part, and seeder and water furrow planting component connect It connects.
CN201820977558.9U 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of no-tillage seeding machine with actively anti-tangle ditching device Active CN208387249U (en)

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CN201820977558.9U CN208387249U (en) 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of no-tillage seeding machine with actively anti-tangle ditching device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820977558.9U CN208387249U (en) 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of no-tillage seeding machine with actively anti-tangle ditching device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108464090A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-08-31 山东省农业机械科学研究院 A kind of no-tillage seeding machine with actively anti-tangle ditching device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108464090A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-08-31 山东省农业机械科学研究院 A kind of no-tillage seeding machine with actively anti-tangle ditching device

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