CN208033717U - A kind of gantry vertical bores lathe - Google Patents

A kind of gantry vertical bores lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208033717U
CN208033717U CN201820107472.0U CN201820107472U CN208033717U CN 208033717 U CN208033717 U CN 208033717U CN 201820107472 U CN201820107472 U CN 201820107472U CN 208033717 U CN208033717 U CN 208033717U
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China
Prior art keywords
pedestal
guide
driving
gantry
leading screw
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CN201820107472.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾章颜
秘晓宇
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Dongguan Baoshi Pml Precision Mechanism Ltd
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Dongguan Baoshi Pml Precision Mechanism Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model is related to numerically controlled processing equipment technical fields, refer in particular to a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe, it including pedestal, the gantry support being set on pedestal, the workbench that is set to pedestal and can be moved along the X-direction of pedestal, is set to gantry support and the spindle box moved with Z-direction can be moved along the Y direction of pedestal, be rotatably dispose in the drilling tool of spindle box and be slideably positioned in spindle box and can be moved along the Z-direction of pedestal guide locating device provided, the drilling tool is located at the top of workbench;Described guide locating device provided for contradicting workpiece that workbench is carried and being used for guide-localization drilling tool, drilling tool is for drilling to guide locating device provided contradicted workpiece.The utility model is simple and compact for structure, stable and reliable operation, and drilling quality is high and drilling efficiency is high.

Description

A kind of gantry vertical bores lathe
Technical field
The utility model is related to numerically controlled processing equipment technical fields, refer in particular to a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe.
Background technology
Deep hole drilling machine is different from traditional hole machined mode, it relies primarily on specific Drill Techniques (such as drill gun, BTA Bore, brill etc. is inhaled in spray), the special purpose machine tool that deep hole hole system and accurate shallow bore hole to draw ratio more than 10 carry out drilling processing is referred to as depth Hole drill machine.
But in existing vertical deep hole drilling machine, most of tops that drill will be erected to workbench using column, Drill can only be moved along column up-down, during processing, if to drill to multiple positions of workpiece, be needed It is manually removed and reversing of position is placed again, the efficiency that may result in its processing in this way is slower, serious to influence what it was processed Speed.
Invention content
The purpose of this utility model is that offer is a kind of simple and compact for structure in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, nothing can be realized Workpiece need to be unloaded, it can be to gantry vertical bores lathe that multiple positions of workpiece drill.
To achieve the goals above, the utility model adopts the following technical solution:
A kind of gantry vertical bores lathe provided by the utility model, including pedestal, be set on pedestal gantry support, Be set to pedestal and can be moved along the X-direction of pedestal workbench, be set to gantry support and can be along the Y-axis side of pedestal The spindle box that is moved to movement and Z-direction is rotatably dispose in the drilling tool of spindle box and is slideably positioned in spindle box simultaneously It can be moved along the Z-direction of pedestal guide locating device provided, the drilling tool is located at the top of workbench;Described be oriented to is determined Position device is used to contradict the workpiece that workbench is carried and is used for guide-localization drilling tool, and drilling tool is used for guide-localization The workpiece that device is contradicted drills.
It is therein, it is described it is guide locating device provided include guide-localization part, be set to the guide sleeve of guide-localization part and be used for The lift drive mechanism that driving guide-localization part is lifted along spindle box, guide-localization part is for contradicting the work that workbench is carried Part, the guide sleeve are equipped with the matched pilot hole of drilling tool, the drilling tool drawing-in pilot hole and to guide-localization The workpiece that part is contradicted drills.
Further, the lift drive mechanism includes the first sliding rail for being set to spindle box, is matched with the first sliding rail The first sliding block and be set to the driving cylinder of spindle box, the guide-localization part is fixedly connected with the first sliding block, the drive The piston rod of cylinder of taking offence is fixedly connected with guide-localization part.
Therein, the gantry support is movably set in pedestal, and the pedestal is equipped with for driving gantry support along pedestal X-direction displacement holder displacement drive mechanism.
Therein, the pedestal is equipped with the worktable displacement driving mechanism for driving worktable displacement.
Further, the worktable displacement driving mechanism include the second sliding rail for being set to pedestal, with the second sliding rail phase Second sliding block of cooperation, the first leading screw for being set to pedestal, the first feed screw nut being spirally connected with the first leading screw and for driving the First driving motor of one leading screw rotation, the second sliding rail are arranged in parallel with the first leading screw, first feed screw nut, the second sliding block It is fixedly connected with workbench.
Therein, the gantry support is equipped with the spindle box displacement drive mechanism for driving spindle case displacement.
Further, spindle box displacement drive mechanism includes the third sliding rail for being set to gantry support, is slided with third The matched third sliding block of rail, the second leading screw for being rotatably dispose in gantry support, the second feed screw nut being spirally connected with the second leading screw And the second driving motor for driving the second leading screw to rotate, third sliding rail are arranged in parallel with the second leading screw, second leading screw Nut, third sliding block are fixedly connected with spindle box.
Therein, the gantry support is equipped with the cutter lift drive mechanism for driving drilling tool to lift.
Further, the cutter lift drive mechanism includes being set to gantry support and can be along the Y direction of pedestal The supporting plate of movement, the 4th sliding rail for being set to supporting plate and the matched Four-slider of the 4th sliding rail, the third silk for being set to supporting plate Thick stick, the third feed screw nut being spirally connected with third leading screw and the third driving motor for driving third leading screw to rotate, the 4th sliding rail It is arranged in parallel with third leading screw, the Four-slider, the third feed screw nut are connect with spindle box.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
Workpiece is placed on workbench by a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe provided by the utility model in practical applications, Workbench can be with workpiece along pedestal X-direction move;The setting of gantry support can not only allow spindle box in gantry branch The Y axis directions and Z-direction of the crossbeam upper edge pedestal of frame move, and spindle box can be steadily erected to the upper of workbench Thus side enables drilling tool realize that multiaxis direction is moved, to realize that workpiece can carry out multiple positions without mutual disassembly Drilling processing;It is guide locating device provided that workpiece is pushed against when drilling tool declines to Workpiece boring, and to drilling tool Decline drilling carry out guide-localization, to enhance drilling stability and improve drilling precision.The utility model structure letter Single compact, stable and reliable operation, drilling quality is high and drilling efficiency is high.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the left view of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged structure schematic diagram at A in Fig. 1.
Reference sign
1- pedestals;11- gantry supports;12- workbench;13- spindle boxes;14- drilling tools;15- is guide locating device provided; 151- guide-localization parts;152- guide sleeves;153- pilot holes;2- lift drive mechanisms;The first sliding rails of 21-;The first sliding blocks of 22-; 23- drives cylinder;3- worktable displacement driving mechanisms;The second sliding rails of 31-;The second sliding blocks of 32-;The first leading screws of 33-;34- first Feed screw nut;The first driving motors of 35-;4- spindle box displacement drives mechanism;41- third sliding rails;The second leading screws of 43-;44- Two feed screw nuts;The second driving motors of 45-;5- cutter lift drive mechanisms;51- supporting plates;52- third leading screws;53- third leading screws Nut;54- third driving motors;The 4th sliding rails of 55-;56- Four-sliders.
Specific implementation mode
For the ease of the understanding of those skilled in the art, the utility model is made with reference to embodiment and attached drawing further Explanation, the content that embodiment refers to not is restriction to the utility model.The utility model is carried out below in conjunction with attached drawing Detailed description.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe provided by the utility model, including pedestal 1, be set to Gantry support 11 on pedestal 1, is set to dragon at the workbench 12 that is set to pedestal 1 and can be moved along the X-direction of pedestal 1 Door bracket 11 simultaneously can move the spindle box 13 moved with Z-direction along the Y direction of pedestal 1, be rotatably dispose in spindle box 13 Drilling tool 14 and be slideably positioned in spindle box 13 and can be moved along the Z axis directions of pedestal 1 guide locating device provided 15, the drilling tool 14 is located at the top of workbench 12;Described guide locating device provided 15 are carried for contradicting workbench 12 Workpiece and be used for guide-localization drilling tool 14, drilling tool 14 is used to carry out guide locating device provided 15 workpiece that are contradicted Drilling.Specifically, the present embodiment is rotated using driving motor driving drilling tool 14;The machine fuselage uses gantry structure, Mechanical structure stabilization is unlikely to deform.
In practical applications, workpiece is placed on workbench 12, workbench 12 can be with workpiece along the X-axis side of pedestal 1 To movement;The setting of gantry support 11 can not only allow spindle box 13 in the Y-axis side of the crossbeam upper edge pedestal 1 of gantry support 11 It is moved to Z-direction, and spindle box 13 can be steadily erected to the top of workbench 12, thus make drilling tool 14 It can realize that multiaxis direction is moved, to realize that workpiece is not necessarily to mutual disassembly, can carry out adding the drilling of multiple positions of workpiece Work;When drilling tool 14 declines to Workpiece boring, guide locating device provided 15 pairs of workpiece push against, and to drilling tool 14 Decline drilling and carry out guide-localization, to enhance the stability of drilling and improve the precision of drilling.The utility model is simple in structure Compact, stable and reliable operation, drilling quality is high and drilling efficiency is high.
In the technical scheme, described guide locating device provided 15 include guide-localization part 151, be set to guide-localization part 151 guide sleeve 152 and lift drive mechanism 2 for driving guide-localization part 151 to be lifted along spindle box 13, guide-localization Part 151 is equipped with and 14 matched guiding of drilling tool for contradicting the workpiece that workbench 12 is carried, the guide sleeve 152 Hole 153, the drilling tool 14 is through pilot hole 153.Specifically, guide sleeve 152 is alloy guide sleeve, and intensity is big, and rigidity is good, It is not easy to be worn.
In drilling, lift drive mechanism 2 drives guide-localization 151 times general who has surrendered's workpiece of part to be pushed against workbench 12, to prevent Only workpiece is shifted in processing;The rotation of drilling tool 14 declines and through the pilot hole 153 of guide sleeve 152, and then to work Part drills.The pilot hole 153 of guide sleeve 152 plays the role of guide-localization to drilling tool 14, is effectively prevented drilling Cutter 14 occurs boring inclined problem, and the drilling tool 14 of small diameter can be overcome in drilling, not due to self-strength Enough there is the problem of flexural deformation.The processing that guide locating device provided 15 design greatly increases the utility model is steady Qualitative and machining accuracy.
Preferably, the lift drive mechanism 2 includes the first sliding rail 21 for being set to spindle box 13 and the first sliding rail 21 matched first sliding blocks 22 and the driving cylinder 23 for being set to spindle box 13, the guide-localization part 151 and first are slided Block 22 is fixedly connected, and the piston rod of the driving cylinder 23 is fixedly connected with guide-localization part 151.Using driving cylinder 23 with The mechanism of the cooperation of sliding rail, the first sliding block 22, can carry the moving stability of guide-localization part 151, thus improve the utility model Job stability.
In the technical scheme, the pedestal 1 is equipped with the worktable displacement driving mechanism for driving 12 displacement of workbench 3.Specifically, the worktable displacement driving mechanism 3 includes the second sliding rail 31 for being set to pedestal 1, matches with the second sliding rail 31 The second sliding block 32 closed, the first feed screw nut 34 being spirally connected with the first leading screw 33 and is used for the first leading screw 33 for being set to pedestal 1 The first driving motor 35 for driving the first leading screw 33 to rotate, the second sliding rail 31 are arranged in parallel with the first leading screw 33, described first Thick stick nut 34, the second sliding block 32 are fixedly connected with workbench 12.At work, the first driving motor 35 drives the first leading screw 33 rotations, and then the movement of the first feed screw nut 34 is driven, the mobile drive workbench 12 of the first feed screw nut 34 is in the second sliding rail 31 move under the cooperation of the second sliding block 32 along the X-direction of pedestal 1, and the movement of workbench 12 can drive workpiece to move, To realize that the position to workpiece carries out mechanization adjustment;Using motor, the first leading screw 33 and the first feed screw nut 34 are matched Mechanism can enhance the accuracy of the movement of workbench 12.
In the technical scheme, the gantry support 11 is equipped with the spindle box displacement drive for 13 displacement of driving spindle case Mechanism 4.Preferably, spindle box displacement drive mechanism 4 include be set to gantry support 11 third sliding rail 41, with 41 matched third sliding block of third sliding rail, the second leading screw 43 for being rotatably dispose in gantry support 11 are spirally connected with the second leading screw 43 The second feed screw nut 44 and the second driving motor 45 for driving the second leading screw 43 to rotate, third sliding rail 41 and second Thick stick 43 is arranged in parallel, and second feed screw nut 44, third sliding block are fixedly connected with spindle box 13.Spindle box displacement drive machine Structure 4 and the operation principle and effect of worktable displacement driving mechanism 3 are the same, are repeated no more herein.
In the technical scheme, the cutter that the gantry support 11 is equipped with for driving drilling tool 14 to lift lifts driving Mechanism 5.Preferably, the cutter lift drive mechanism 5 includes being set to gantry support 11 and can be along the Y-axis of pedestal 1 The supporting plate 51 of direction movement, the 4th sliding rail 55 for being set to supporting plate 51 and 55 matched Four-slider 56 of the 4th sliding rail, setting In the third leading screw 52 of supporting plate 51, the third feed screw nut 53 that is spirally connected with third leading screw 52 and for driving 52 turns of third leading screw Dynamic third driving motor 54, the 4th sliding rail 55 are arranged in parallel with third leading screw 52, the Four-slider 56, the third leading screw Nut 53 is connect with spindle box 13.The operation principle and effect of cutter lift drive mechanism 5 and worktable displacement driving mechanism 3 It is the same, repeats no more herein.
Embodiment two
Embodiment two and embodiment one the difference is that:The gantry support 11 is slideably positioned in pedestal 1, the bottom Seat 1 is equipped with for driving 11 displacement of gantry support (not marked in figure along the holder displacement drive mechanism of the X axis direction displacements of pedestal 1 Show).Specifically, the operation principle of holder displacement drive mechanism (not indicated in figure) and worktable displacement driving mechanism 3 and Effect is the same, is repeated no more herein.
In practical applications, holder displacement drive mechanism (not indicated in figure) can drive gantry support 11 and 12 phase of workbench To movement, thus increase the operation flexibility and applicability of the utility model.
The above is only the utility model preferred embodiment, is not made in any form to the utility model Limitation, although the utility model is disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, is not limited to the utility model, any to be familiar with sheet Technical professional is not departing within the scope of technical solutions of the utility model, is made when using the technology contents of the disclosure above A little change or the equivalent embodiment for being modified to equivalent variations, as long as being without departing from the content of the technical scheme of the utility model, foundation The utility model technology refers to belonging to this practicality to any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made by above example In the range of new technique scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe, it is characterised in that:Including pedestal (1), the gantry support being set on pedestal (1) (11), be set to pedestal (1) and can be moved along the X-direction of pedestal (1) workbench (12), be set to gantry support (11) And the spindle box (13) moved with Z-direction can be moved along the Y direction of pedestal (1), is rotatably dispose in spindle box (13) Drilling tool (14) and it is slideably positioned in spindle box (13) and can be along guide-localization that the Z-direction of pedestal (1) moves dress It sets (15), the drilling tool (14) is located at the top of workbench (12);Described guide locating device provided (15) are for contradicting work Workpiece that platform (12) is carried simultaneously is used for guide-localization drilling tool (14), and drilling tool (14) is used for guide locating device provided (15) workpiece contradicted drills.
2. a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Guide locating device provided (15) Including guide-localization part (151), it is set to the guide sleeve (152) of guide-localization part (151) and for driving guide-localization part (151) lift drive mechanism (2) lifted along spindle box (13), guide-localization part (151) is for contradicting workbench (12) institute The workpiece of carrying, the guide sleeve (152) are equipped with and drilling tool (14) matched pilot hole (153), the drilling tool (14) drawing-in pilot hole (153) and the workpiece contradicted to guide-localization part (151) drills.
3. a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The lift drive mechanism (2) Including be set to guide-localization part (151) the first sliding rail (21), with matched first sliding block (22) of the first sliding rail (21) with And it is set to the driving cylinder (23) of spindle box (13), the spindle box (13) is fixedly connected with the first sliding block (22), the drive The piston rod of cylinder (23) of taking offence is fixedly connected with guide-localization part (151).
4. a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Gantry support (11) activity It is set to pedestal (1), the pedestal (1) is equipped with for driving gantry support (11) along the holder of the X-direction displacement of pedestal (1) Displacement drive mechanism.
5. a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe according to any one of claims 1 to 4, it is characterised in that:The pedestal (1) it is equipped with the worktable displacement driving mechanism (3) for driving workbench (12) displacement.
6. a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The worktable displacement driving machine Structure (3) includes the second sliding rail (31) for being set to pedestal (1) and matched second sliding block (32) of the second sliding rail (31), setting In the first leading screw (33) of pedestal (1), the first feed screw nut (34) being spirally connected with the first leading screw (33) and for driving first The first driving motor (35) of thick stick (33) rotation, the second sliding rail (31) are arranged in parallel with the first leading screw (33), first leading screw Nut (34), the second sliding block (32) are fixedly connected with workbench (12).
7. a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe according to any one of claims 1 to 4, it is characterised in that:Described gantry Holder (11) is equipped with the spindle box displacement drive mechanism (4) for driving spindle case (13) displacement.
8. a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The spindle box displacement drive machine Structure (4) includes the third sliding rail (41) for being set to gantry support (11) and the matched third sliding block of third sliding rail (41), rotation The second leading screw (43) for being set to gantry support (11), the second feed screw nut (44) being spirally connected with the second leading screw (43) and for driving The second driving motor (45) of dynamic second leading screw (43) rotation, third sliding rail (41) is arranged in parallel with the second leading screw (43), described Second feed screw nut (44), third sliding block (42) are fixedly connected with spindle box (13).
9. a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe according to Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that:The gantry support (11) Equipped with the cutter lift drive mechanism (5) for driving drilling tool (14) to lift.
10. a kind of gantry vertical bores lathe according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:The cutter elevator drive machine Structure (5) include be set to gantry support (11) and can be moved along the Y direction of pedestal (1) supporting plate (51), be set to supporting plate (51) the 4th sliding rail (55) and the matched Four-slider (56) of the 4th sliding rail (55), the third silk for being set to supporting plate (51) Thick stick (52), the third feed screw nut (53) being spirally connected with third leading screw (52) and the third for driving third leading screw (52) to rotate are driven Dynamic motor (54), the 4th sliding rail (55) are arranged in parallel with third leading screw (52), the Four-slider (56), the third leading screw spiral shell Female (53) are connect with spindle box (13).
CN201820107472.0U 2018-01-22 2018-01-22 A kind of gantry vertical bores lathe Active CN208033717U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820107472.0U CN208033717U (en) 2018-01-22 2018-01-22 A kind of gantry vertical bores lathe

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820107472.0U CN208033717U (en) 2018-01-22 2018-01-22 A kind of gantry vertical bores lathe

Publications (1)

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CN208033717U true CN208033717U (en) 2018-11-02

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111761088A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-13 安徽高坚机械科技有限公司 Production equipment and production method of refrigeration compressor shell
CN115229236A (en) * 2022-09-21 2022-10-25 常州润弘新能源有限公司 Photovoltaic frame drilling equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111761088A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-13 安徽高坚机械科技有限公司 Production equipment and production method of refrigeration compressor shell
CN115229236A (en) * 2022-09-21 2022-10-25 常州润弘新能源有限公司 Photovoltaic frame drilling equipment

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