CN107511689A - Horizontal machine tool - Google Patents

Horizontal machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107511689A
CN107511689A CN201710795013.6A CN201710795013A CN107511689A CN 107511689 A CN107511689 A CN 107511689A CN 201710795013 A CN201710795013 A CN 201710795013A CN 107511689 A CN107511689 A CN 107511689A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
working slider
working
main shaft
slider
motion
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710795013.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈雨峰
朱国伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Gaohe Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Gaohe Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Gaohe Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Gaohe Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710795013.6A priority Critical patent/CN107511689A/en
Publication of CN107511689A publication Critical patent/CN107511689A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/28Electric drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • B23Q5/38Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously
    • B23Q5/40Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously by feed shaft, e.g. lead screw

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of horizontal machine tool, including support, working slider and main shaft device.Working slider includes the first working slider, the second working slider and the 3rd working slider for being installed on support;3rd working slider is arranged on the second working slider, and the sliding block of the 3rd working slider is used to support workpiece and move together with workpiece, and the 3rd working slider direction of motion substantially sets in vertical and moved together with the sliding block of the second slide unit;The direction of motion of the direction of motion of second working slider perpendicular to the 3rd working slider, 3rd working slider is arranged on the second working slider and moved with the second working slider, the direction of motion of the direction of motion of the first working slider both perpendicular to the second working slider and the 3rd working slider.The horizontal machine tool physical dimension is small, and small volume, vertical direction driving power is smaller, easy to use.

Description

Horizontal machine tool
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of horizontal machine tool.
Background technology
Existing horizontal machine tool, function is more single and driving power consumption is larger.Such as the master of known horizontal milling machine Shaft device is in horizontally disposed, and the workbench for carrying workpiece is in horizontally disposed, and drives workpiece in two orthogonal directions of horizontal plane Motion, its main shaft rotation centerline are parallel with two work tops.
A kind of horizontal milling machine, its main shaft device are arranged in a set of vertical lifting sliding table, coordinate the work of carrying workpiece Platform, three-dimensional motion of the cutter relative to workpiece is realized, complete space cutting operation.If the weight of workpiece and the work of carrying workpiece The weight sum for making platform is less than main shaft weight with driving the slide unit weight sum of motion of main shaft, especially processes some plastics, stone The occasion of ink or light metal small workpiece, such a horizontal milling machine just seem unreasonable in vertical drive power layout.
Also a kind of horizontal milling machine, it is provided with main shaft and workbench.The main shaft of this kind of horizontal milling machine is fixed in frame, work Part is fixed on workbench, and workpiece needs dependence and table vertical relative to the feed motion that moves up and down of cutter vertically Lifting sliding table mechanism realize.Therefore the power of driving lathe except need to overcome frictional resistance, inertia force and cutting resistance it Outside, the part for vertical movement it is also required to provide the power for overcoming gravity.Because the weight for the workbench for carrying workpiece is general It is all larger, therefore it is also larger to drive it to move up and down required power.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome the above-mentioned deficiencies of the prior art, a kind of physical dimension of present invention offer is small, and small volume, vertical direction is driven Move lower-powered horizontal machine tool structure.
A kind of horizontal machine tool, including support, working slider and main shaft device.Working slider includes being installed on the of support One working slider, the second working slider and the 3rd working slider;3rd working slider is arranged on the second working slider, institute The sliding block for stating the 3rd working slider is used to support workpiece and move together with workpiece, and the 3rd working slider direction of motion is big Cause to set in vertical and move together with the sliding block of the second slide unit;The direction of motion of second working slider is perpendicular to the 3rd The direction of motion of working slider, the 3rd working slider are arranged at the second working slider and moved with the second working slider, institute State the direction of motion of the direction of motion both perpendicular to the second working slider and the 3rd working slider of the first working slider, the master Shaft device is horizontal to be arranged at first working slider, and main shaft is provided with the main shaft device, tool-holder is provided with main shaft Head, the rotation centerline of the main shaft is parallel to the direction of motion of the first working slider, the first working slider drive main shaft Realize feed, withdrawing operation in rotation centerline direction of the device along main shaft.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The horizontal machine tool of the present invention is by driving the first working slider, the second working slider With the 3rd working slider, three-dimensional motion of the cutter relative to workpiece can be achieved., will when the weight of workpiece is less than the weight of main shaft 3rd working slider of support workpiece is arranged to vertical direction, causes small, the required vertical of the moving-mass of vertical Driving power is smaller.Structure of the present invention is advantageous to lightweight, or even can make portable lathe, is easy to demonstration lesson, also may be used Applied to industrial use.And the present invention horizontal machine tool can clamping milling cutter, drill bit, the horizontal machine tool is realized milling, brill etc. Function.The present invention reduces the power demand for overcoming vertical load, optimizes driving power layout, reduces redundancy Weight, adjustment, convert, be easy to use, Function Extension potentiality are big, and applicability is wide.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of horizontal machine tool of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is linear electric motors 3-4 structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the main shaft device 4 of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is another improved structural representation of the first working slider 2;
Fig. 5 is another improved structural representation of the second working slider 3.
Fig. 6 is another improved structural representation of the 3rd working slider 6.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of another embodiment of horizontal machine tool of the present invention.
Embodiment
The present invention is further described for explanation and embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is referred to, horizontal machine tool of the present invention includes support 1, the first working slider 2, the second working slider 3 and main shaft 4 are put, the first working slider 2, the second working slider 3 is in horizontally disposed.The horizontal machine tool of the present invention is additionally provided with the 3rd workbench 6.3rd working slider 6, which is arranged on the second working slider 3, to be used to support workpiece.The direction of motion of 3rd working slider 6 is set in hanging down Put, rotation centerline of its plane of movement perpendicular to main shaft device 4.The direction of motion of second working slider 3 is perpendicular to work The direction of motion of slide unit 6.First working slider 2 is supported using rolling guide 2-2 and uses linear electric motors 2-3 to drive.Second work Make slide unit 3 to support using rolling guide 3-3 and use linear electric motors 3-4 to drive.Main shaft device 4 is arranged on the first work slide unit 2, In horizontal arrangement.Motion of the direction of motion of first working slider 2 both perpendicular to the second working slider 3 and the 3rd workbench 6 Direction.In the present embodiment, the upper surface of the support of horizontal machine tool is horizontally disposed with, and the 3rd working slider 6 is perpendicular to plane, the first work Make the plane of movement of the working slider 3 of slide unit 2 and second parallel to horizontal plane.
Main shaft device 4 is electro spindle, and main shaft device 4 includes main shaft 5, and main shaft 5 is provided with rotation centerline and main shaft 5 is around described Rotation centerline rotates, and the rotation centerline of main shaft 5 is parallel with the direction of motion of the first working slider 2.In the present embodiment, rotate Center line is the axis of main shaft 5.First working slider 2 is horizontally disposed, its direction of motion and the pivot of the main shaft 5 Line is parallel, and second working slider 3 is horizontally disposed.First working slider 2 drives pivot of the main shaft device 4 along main shaft 5 Realize feed, withdrawing operation in line direction.
First working slider 2 includes sliding block 2-1, rolling guide 2-2, linear electric motors 2-3.Sliding block 2-1 passes through rolling guide 2-2 is supported on support 1, and linear electric motors 2-3 drivings sliding block 2-1 makees straight reciprocating motion, sliding block 2-1 fortune relative to support 1 Dynamic direction is the direction of motion of the first working slider 2.
Second working slider 3 includes slide unit pedestal 3-1, sliding block 3-2, rolling guide 3-3 and linear electric motors 3-4.Slide unit Pedestal 3-1 is arranged on support 1, and sliding block 3-2 is supported on slide unit pedestal 3-1 by rolling guide 3-3, is moved with sliding block 3-2 The vertical side in direction is provided with linear electric motors 3-4.Linear electric motors 3-4 drivings sliding block 3-2 makees straight line relative to slide unit pedestal 3-1 Move back and forth, the sliding block 3-2 direction of motion is the direction of motion of the second working slider 3.
Please also refer to Fig. 2, be illustrated in figure 2 linear electric motors 3-4 structure, including motor 3-4-1, screw mandrel 3-4-2 and Nut 3-4-3, screw mandrel 3-4-2 are processed at the overhanging position of motor 3-4-1 axles.Linear electric motors 2-3 has phase with linear electric motors 3-4 Same structure.
3rd working slider 6 includes slide unit pedestal 6-1, sliding block 6-2, rolling guide 6-3 and linear electric motors 6-4, straight line Motor 6-4 and linear electric motors 3-4 has identical structure.Sliding block 6-2 is supported on slide unit pedestal 6-1 by rolling guide 6-3, The side vertical with the sliding block 6-2 directions of motion is provided with linear electric motors 6-4.Linear electric motors 6-4 drives sliding block 6-2 relative to slide unit Pedestal 6-1 makees straight reciprocating motion, and the sliding block 6-2 direction of motion is the direction of motion of the 3rd working slider 6.3rd work is slided The slide unit pedestal 6-1 of platform 6 is arranged at the sliding block 3-2 of the second working slider 3.Cunning of 3rd working slider 6 in the second working slider 3 Block 3-2 drives lower move.
Chuck 7 is provided with main shaft device 4, can be used for clamping milling cutter or drill bit.
It refer to Fig. 3, it is to be understood that described main shaft device 4 can use split type main shaft.Described main shaft dress Putting 4 includes casing 4-1, spindle motor 4-2, spindle motor support 4-3, belt pulley 4-4, belt 4-5, belt pulley 4-6 and master Axle 5.Casing 4-1 is provided with spindle motor support 4-3, and spindle motor 4-2 is provided with spindle motor support 4-3.Main shaft 5 penetrates Casing 4-1, the rotation centerline of the rotation centerline and main shaft 5 of spindle motor 4-2 output shaft be arranged in parallel.It is arranged on main shaft Belt pulley 4-6 on 5 is coupled with the belt pulley 4-4 being arranged on spindle motor 4-2 output shafts by belt 4-5, and main shaft 5 is around certainly The gyration of body rotation centerline is realized by spindle motor 4-2 drive.
Please also refer to Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the first working slider 2 is additionally provided with handwheel 2-4.Handwheel 2-4 is arranged on motor 2- On 3 axles, handwheel 2-4 is rotated so as to the straight reciprocating motion with movable slider 2-1.Second working slider 3 is additionally provided with handwheel 3-5.Hand Wheel 3-5 is arranged on motor 3-4-1 axles, and handwheel 3-5 is rotated so as to the straight reciprocating motion with movable slider 3-2.3rd work is slided Platform 6 is additionally provided with handwheel 6-5.Handwheel 6-5 is arranged on motor 6-4-1 axles, and handwheel 6-5 is rotated so as to the straight line with movable slider 6-2 Move back and forth.Rotary table 10 is driven by motor 10-1, and handwheel 10-2 is arranged on motor 10-1 axles, handwheel 10-2 rotate from And drive the rotation of rotary table 10.
It refer to Fig. 7 another embodiment of the present invention.The embodiment is roughly the same with previous embodiment structure, and it is distinguished In the upper surface of support 1 in the present embodiment and horizontal plane there is certain inclination angle, the first working slider 2, the second working slider 3 Plane of movement with respect to the horizontal plane have rotated certain angle, the first working slider 2 and the second working slider 3 around the center line of main shaft The direction of motion and horizontal plane between there is angle, the direction of motion of the 3rd working slider 6 slightly offsets from vertical.But the first work Make slide unit 2, the second working slider 3, the direction of motion of the 3rd working slider 6 and still keep orthogonality relation, now, moving-mass is than Three working sliders, 6 the second big working slider 3, it is also desirable to the driving force of vertical could move, when inclination angle is smaller, second The vertical driving force demand that working slider 3 newly increases is smaller, and driving force demand of the 3rd working slider 6 along vertical is omited It is reduced, driving force needed for complete machine along vertical still maintains less level.
It is understood that in order to mitigate the weight of complete machine, a kind of preferably design is by the second working slider 3 and the 3rd Working slider 6 uses crossed roller guide rail.It is understood that the horizontal machine tool of the present invention can be installed according to actual processing The multiple different process tools such as milling cutter, drill bit or graver, so as to realize the functions such as milling, brill, carving, a tractor serves several purposes.Due to main shaft Device uses horizontal arrangement, when lathe is in milling machine working condition, only makees to transport up and down by the 3rd working slider of clamping workpiece It is dynamic, and the vertical moving mass that reason workpiece and the 3rd working slider deadweight sum are formed is than two other working slider Moving mass is light, therefore the vertical driving power needed for this topology layout is smaller.Because the lathe has above structure Feature, it is easy to lightweight, or even makes portable lathe, is easy to demonstration lesson, can also be applied to industrial use.It is appreciated that , the motor of other structures form can be used to be driven for horizontal machine of the invention.
It is understood that the direction of motion of the 3rd working slider of the horizontal machine tool of the present invention is arranged to substantially vertical State, while the direction of motion of the first slide unit and the second slide unit is done into corresponding adjustment, it is allowed to the direction of motion with the first slide unit Orthogonality relation is formed, driving power of the complete machine in vertical can also be obviously reduced.
Above content is to combine specific preferred embodiment further description made for the present invention, it is impossible to is assert The specific implementation of the present invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, On the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, some simple deduction or replace can also be made, should all be considered as belonging to the present invention's Protection domain.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of horizontal machine tool, including support, working slider and main shaft device, it is characterised in that:The working slider includes It is installed on the first working slider, the second working slider and the 3rd working slider of support;3rd working slider is arranged at On two working sliders, the sliding block of the 3rd working slider is used to support workpiece and move together with workpiece, the 3rd work Make the slide unit direction of motion substantially to set in vertical and move together with the sliding block of the second slide unit;The fortune of second working slider The direction of motion of the direction perpendicular to the 3rd working slider is moved, the 3rd working slider is arranged at the second working slider and with the second work Slide unit moves together, and the direction of motion of first working slider is both perpendicular to the second working slider and the 3rd working slider The direction of motion, the main shaft device is horizontal to be arranged at first working slider, and main shaft, main shaft are provided with the main shaft device On be provided with cutter chuck, the rotation centerline of the main shaft is parallel to the direction of motion of the first working slider, first work Making slide unit drives rotation centerline direction of the main shaft device along main shaft to realize feed, withdrawing operation.
2. horizontal machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First working slider, the second working slider and Three working sliders are supported using rolling guide and use linear electric motors to drive.
3. horizontal machine tool according to claim 1 or claim 2, it is characterised in that:Second working slider includes slide unit pedestal, cunning Block, rolling guide, linear electric motors, the linear electric motors are made up of motor and feed screw nut pair, the second working slider pedestal It is arranged on support, the sliding block is supported on slide unit pedestal by rolling guide, the side vertical with slide block movement direction peace Equipped with linear electric motors.
4. horizontal machine tool according to claim 1 or claim 2, it is characterised in that:The 3rd working slider direction of motion perpendicular to Horizontal plane, the first working slider, the direction of motion of the second working slider are parallel to horizontal plane, the first working slider, the second work Slide unit, the direction of motion of the 3rd working slider are mutually perpendicular to, the plane of movement of the 3rd working slider and the rotation centerline of main shaft Vertically.
5. horizontal machine tool according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The 3rd described working slider includes slide unit pedestal, cunning Block, rolling guide, linear electric motors, linear electric motors are made up of motor and feed screw nut pair, and screw mandrel processes the over-hang part in motor shaft Position, by crossed roller guide supporting on slide unit pedestal, the side vertical with slide block movement direction is provided with described sliding block Linear electric motors.
6. horizontal machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The main shaft device is electro spindle either main shaft and electricity The respective independent split type main shaft of machine.
7. horizontal machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First working slider, the second working slider and Three working sliders are equipped with handwheel, and described handwheel is separately positioned on the motor shaft of each working slider and rotary table.
8. horizontal machine tool according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:First working slider, the second working slider are led Rail plane is substantially in horizontally disposed.
CN201710795013.6A 2017-09-06 2017-09-06 Horizontal machine tool Pending CN107511689A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710795013.6A CN107511689A (en) 2017-09-06 2017-09-06 Horizontal machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710795013.6A CN107511689A (en) 2017-09-06 2017-09-06 Horizontal machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107511689A true CN107511689A (en) 2017-12-26

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ID=60724914

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710795013.6A Pending CN107511689A (en) 2017-09-06 2017-09-06 Horizontal machine tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107511689A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109623500A (en) * 2019-02-16 2019-04-16 北京工业大学 A kind of special purpose machine tool for processing multiple mounted cam
CN110369739A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-10-25 南安市尚赢机械科技有限公司 A kind of four main shaft of annular layout, eight sliding platform vertical type numerical control lathe

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109623500A (en) * 2019-02-16 2019-04-16 北京工业大学 A kind of special purpose machine tool for processing multiple mounted cam
CN110369739A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-10-25 南安市尚赢机械科技有限公司 A kind of four main shaft of annular layout, eight sliding platform vertical type numerical control lathe
CN110369739B (en) * 2019-06-25 2021-05-07 杭州合丰机械有限公司 Annular layout four-spindle eight-sliding-table vertical numerically controlled lathe

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20171226

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication