CN101357435A - Lathe-milling consubstantial machine tool - Google Patents

Lathe-milling consubstantial machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101357435A
CN101357435A CNA2008101423192A CN200810142319A CN101357435A CN 101357435 A CN101357435 A CN 101357435A CN A2008101423192 A CNA2008101423192 A CN A2008101423192A CN 200810142319 A CN200810142319 A CN 200810142319A CN 101357435 A CN101357435 A CN 101357435A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
working slider
main shaft
lathe
motor
feed screw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CNA2008101423192A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王华权
刘茁
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Shenzhen University
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Shenzhen University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen University filed Critical Shenzhen University
Priority to CNA2008101423192A priority Critical patent/CN101357435A/en
Publication of CN101357435A publication Critical patent/CN101357435A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a machine tool with the functions of cutting and milling simultaneously, which comprises a base, a work slipway and a spindle device; wherein, the work slipway comprises a first work slipway and a second work slipway; the first work slipway adopts a rolling guide for support and adopts a motor-lead-screw-nut as auxiliary driver; the second work slipway adopts a rolling guide for support and adopts a one-piece motor-lead-screw-nut as auxiliary driver; the spindle device is arranged on the first work slipway in a horizontal way; the movement directions of the two work slipways are orthogonally arranged. When the machine tool is used as a milling machine, the machine tool also comprises a third work slipway and a milling chuck; when the machine tool is used as a cutting machine, the machine tool also comprises a chuck and a cutting off tool rest; when the machine tool is used as another milling machine, the machine tool also comprises a rotary work table and a milling chuck.

Description

A kind of lathe of turnning and milling consubstantiality
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of lathe, the particularly a kind of lathe that can realize the turnning and milling consubstantiality.
Background technology
Existing machine tool, function are all comparatively single.Wherein lathe generally rotates with clamping workpiece on the chuck, and cutter is done the cutting feed motion, and is to adopt main shaft device to fix substantially, and the mode of movable workbench realizes processing.The main shaft device of vertical knee-type milling machine is vertical and arranges in the milling machine, adds the man-hour main shaft device and does not move up and down, and the feeding of vertical direction relies on moving up and down of workbench to realize.The main shaft device of horizontal milling machine is horizontal layout, and the main axis rotation center line is parallel with two work tops, and the feeding of vertical direction also relies on moving up and down of workbench to realize.Workbench vertical, horizontal milling machine all is parallel to horizontal plane, and when milling machine will be done the feeding of vertical direction, whole workbench all will move up and down, because the weight of workbench is generally all bigger, therefore required driving power is also bigger.These lathes generally have following characteristics: 1) function singleness.The function that general lathe can not possess car simultaneously, mill though on some lathe milling cutter is housed, is to carry out complementary Milling Process operation for turning part basically, is not the Milling Process on the pure meaning.Some car, milling machine in addition: as the Boxford CNC DUET of Britain,, adopt horizontal putting during turning, and adopt vertical putting during milling though the function that car is arranged, mill need be carried out conversion to the attitude of lathe bed during the turnning and milling conversion.2) existing lathe, be primarily aimed at processing metallic and design, because the requirement of rigidity, intensity, the material that lathe adopted is substantially based on steel, and physical dimension is bigger, volume is heavier, required work-yard is bigger, and they are used for the teaching purposes that the softer nonmetallic materials of the processing of needs only can achieve the goal, and just seeming, it is redundant that bigger machinery is arranged, and have and be not easy to move the shortcoming that is not easy to carry.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve prior art problems, the invention provides a kind of lathe that can realize the turnning and milling consubstantiality.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that the prior art problem adopted: a kind of lathe is provided, comprises support, working slider and main shaft device.Described working slider comprises first working slider and second working slider, described first working slider adopts rolling guide to support and adopts motor-feed screw nut pair to drive, described second working slider adopts rolling guide to support and adopts integral type motor-feed screw nut pair to drive, main shaft device is arranged on first working slider, be horizontal layout, the orthogonal thereto layout of the direction of motion of two working sliders.
Main shaft device comprises a main shaft, and this main axis rotation center line is parallel with the direction of motion of place working slider, and described main shaft has milling cutter chuck and the shared mounting structure of chuck.
Described main shaft device is electric main shaft or main shaft and the independently split type separately main shaft of motor.When main shaft device was electric main shaft, the axle head of described main shaft had and is used to install the structure of milling cutter chuck and the structure of chuck for installing.When described main shaft device was split type main shaft, main shaft device comprised spindle motor, transmission device, main shaft.Spindle motor is by middle transmission device---belt or gear or chain, drives main axis rotation and carries out work, and the axle head of main shaft has and is used to install the structure of milling cutter chuck and the structure of chuck for installing.
Described second working slider comprises slide unit pedestal, slide block, rolling guide, integral type motor-feed screw nut pair.Integral type motor-feed screw nut pair is made up of motor and feed screw nut pair, and screw mandrel processing is at the overhanging position of motor shaft.Described slide unit pedestal is arranged on the support, described slide block is supported on the slide unit pedestal by rolling guide, the side vertical with the slide block movement direction is equipped with integral type motor-feed screw nut pair, and the direction of motion of slide block is the direction of motion of second working slider.
The present invention further improves: when this lathe during as milling machine, described lathe also comprises the 3rd working slider and milling cutter chuck.The 3rd working slider is arranged on second working slider, described the 3rd working slider adopts rolling guide to support and adopts integral type motor-feed screw nut pair to drive, described the 3rd working slider and the basic vertical setting of horizontal plane, be used for holding workpiece, configuration milling cutter chuck is used for the clamping milling cutter on the main shaft device.
Described the 3rd working slider comprises slide unit pedestal, slide block, rolling guide, integral type motor-feed screw nut pair.Integral type motor-feed screw nut pair is made up of motor and feed screw nut pair, and screw mandrel processing is at the overhanging position of motor shaft.Described slide block is supported on the slide unit pedestal by rolling guide, and the side vertical with the slide block movement direction is equipped with integral type motor-feed screw nut pair, and the direction of motion of slide block is the direction of motion of the 3rd working slider.
The present invention further improves: when this lathe during as lathe, described lathe also comprises tool holder and chuck.Tool holder is arranged on second working slider, disposes chuck on the main shaft device, is used for holding workpiece.
The present invention further improves: when this lathe during as another kind of milling machine, described lathe also comprises rotary table, and described rotary table is by motor-driven.Rotary table is arranged on second working slider, and described rotary table is used for holding workpiece, and configuration milling cutter chuck is used for the clamping milling cutter on the main shaft device, constitutes the milling pattern of workpiece rotation.
The another kind of scheme of changing of the present invention is: described first working slider, second working slider, the 3rd working slider and rotary table, each working slider and rotary table include handwheel.Described handwheel is separately positioned on the motor shaft of each working slider and rotary table.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: lathe of the present invention is equipped with a plurality of functional parts, and main shaft has milling cutter chuck and the shared mounting structure of chuck, thereby functions such as this lathe can be realized milling, car, brill, a tractor serves several purposes.Because main shaft device adopts horizontal layout, when lathe is in the lathe duty, is the turning pattern of axis feeding, does not have taper error during the turning cylinder in theory; When lathe was in the milling machine duty, only the 3rd working slider by holding workpiece moved up and down, and required driving power is less.Because this lathe has the architectural feature with the upper-part combination, can be combined into specific mode of operation with specific operational module, reduced redundant component, adjustment, conversion, easy to use, function expansion potentiality are big, and applicability is wide, be easy to lightweight, even can make portable lathe, and be convenient to demonstration lesson, also can be applicable to industrial use.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the foundation structure schematic diagram of lathe of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 3-4;
Fig. 3 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of main shaft 5;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of lathe of the present invention during as milling machine;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of lathe of the present invention during as lathe;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of lathe of the present invention during as another kind of milling machine;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of main shaft device 4 as a kind of split type main shaft;
Fig. 8 is first working slider, 2 another kind of improved structural representations;
Fig. 9 is second working slider, 3 another kind of improved structural representations;
Figure 10 is the 3rd working slider 6 another kind of improved structural representations;
Figure 11 is rotary table 10 another kind of improved structural representations.
The specific embodiment
Following content be in conjunction with concrete preferred implementation to further describing that the present invention did, can not assert that concrete enforcement of the present invention is confined to these explanations.For the general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some simple deduction or replace, all should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1 represents the foundation structure of lathe of the present invention, comprises support 1, the first working slider, 2, the second working sliders 3 and main shaft device 4.Described first working slider 2 adopts rolling guide 2-2 to support and adopts motor 2-3-feed screw nut pair to drive.Second working slider 3 adopts rolling guide 3-3 to support and adopts integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 3-4 to drive.Main shaft device 4 is arranged on first working slider 2, is horizontal layout.The orthogonal thereto layout of the direction of motion of first working slider 2 and second working slider 3.
Main shaft device 4 is electric main shafts, and main shaft device 4 comprises main shaft 5, and main shaft 5 rotation centerlines are parallel with the direction of motion of first working slider 2.
First working slider 2 comprises slide block 2-1, rolling guide 2-2, motor 2-3.Slide block 2-1 is supported on the support 1 by rolling guide 2-2, and motor 2-3 drives slide block 2-1 by feed screw nut pair and does straight reciprocating motion with respect to support 1, and the direction of motion of slide block 2-1 is the direction of motion of first working slider 2.
Second working slider 3 comprises slide unit pedestal 3-1, slide block 3-2, rolling guide 3-3 and integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 3-4.Slide unit pedestal 3-1 is arranged on the support 1, and slide block 3-2 is supported on the slide unit pedestal 3-1 by rolling guide 3-3, and the side vertical with the slide block 3-2 direction of motion is equipped with integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 3-4.Integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 3-4 drives slide block 3-2 and does straight reciprocating motion with respect to slide unit pedestal 3-1, and the direction of motion of slide block 3-2 is the direction of motion of second working slider 3.
Fig. 2 represents the structure of integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 3-4, comprises motor 3-4-1, screw mandrel 3-4-2 and nut 3-4-3, and screw mandrel 3-4-2 processing is at the overhanging position of motor 3-4-1 axle.
Fig. 3 represents the mounting structure of main shaft 5, and main shaft 5 has the shared mounting structure of milling cutter chuck 7 and chuck 9.
Structure when Fig. 4 represents lathe of the present invention as milling machine is when this lathe also comprises the 3rd working slider 6 and milling cutter chuck 7 during as milling machine.The 3rd working slider 6 is arranged on second working slider 3, and the 3rd working slider 6 and the basic vertical setting of horizontal plane are used for holding workpiece.Main shaft device 4 is provided with milling cutter chuck 7, is used for the clamping milling cutter.
The 3rd working slider 6 comprises slide unit pedestal 6-1, slide block 6-2, and rolling guide 6-3 and integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 6-4, integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 6-4 has identical structure with integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 3-4.Slide block 6-2 is supported on the slide unit pedestal 6-1 by rolling guide 6-3, and the side vertical with the slide block 6-2 direction of motion is equipped with integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 6-4.Integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 6-4 drives slide block 6-2 and does straight reciprocating motion with respect to slide unit pedestal 6-1, and the direction of motion of slide block 6-2 is the direction of motion of the 3rd working slider 6.
Structure when Fig. 5 represents lathe of the present invention as lathe is when this lathe also comprises tool holder 8 and chuck 9 during as lathe.Tool holder 8 is arranged on second working slider 3, and main shaft device 4 is provided with chuck 9, is used for holding workpiece.
Structure when Fig. 6 represents lathe of the present invention as another kind of milling machine, when this lathe also comprises rotary table 10 during as another kind of milling machine, rotary table 10 is driven by motor 10-1.Rotary table 10 is arranged on second working slider 3, and rotary table 10 is used for holding workpiece.Main shaft device 4 is provided with milling cutter chuck 7, is used for the clamping milling cutter.
The specific embodiment 2:
Embodiment 2 is that with the difference of embodiment 1 present embodiment is described another kind of concrete main shaft device structure.With reference to Fig. 7, described main shaft device 4 is a kind of of split type main shaft.Described main shaft device 4 comprises casing 4-1, spindle motor 4-2, spindle motor support 4-3, belt pulley 4-4, belt 4-5, belt pulley 4-6 and main shaft 5.Casing 4-1 is provided with spindle motor support 4-3, on the spindle motor support 4-3 spindle motor 4-2 is installed.Main shaft 5 traverses casing 4-1, and the rotation centerline of the rotation centerline of the output shaft of spindle motor 4-2 and main shaft 5 be arranged in parallel.The belt pulley 4-6 that is arranged on the main shaft 5 connects by belt 4-5 with belt pulley 4-4 on being arranged on spindle motor 4-2 output shaft, and main shaft 5 is realized around the gyration of self rotation centerline drive by spindle motor 4-2.
The specific embodiment 3:
Embodiment 3 is that with the difference of embodiment 1 or 2 present embodiment is described the structure of another kind of improved working slider and rotary table.As Fig. 8, first working slider 2 comprises slide block 2-1, rolling guide 2-2, motor 2-3, handwheel 2-4.Handwheel 2-4 is arranged on the motor 2-3 axle, thereby handwheel 2-4 rotates the straight reciprocating motion that drives slide block 2-1.As Fig. 9, second working slider 3 comprises slide unit pedestal 3-1, slide block 3-2, rolling guide 3-3, integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 3-4 and handwheel 3-5.Handwheel 3-5 is arranged on the motor 3-4-1 axle, thereby handwheel 3-5 rotates the straight reciprocating motion that drives slide block 3-2.As Figure 10, the 3rd working slider 6 comprises slide unit pedestal 6-1, slide block 6-2, rolling guide 6-3, integral type motor-feed screw nut pair 6-4 and handwheel 6-5.Handwheel 6-5 is arranged on the motor 6-4-1 axle, thereby handwheel 6-5 rotates the straight reciprocating motion that drives slide block 6-2.As Figure 11, rotary table 10 is driven by motor 10-1, and handwheel 10-2 is arranged on the motor 10-1 axle, thereby handwheel 10-2 rotates the rotation of driven rotary workbench 10.
In the described specific embodiment 1 and 3, in order to alleviate the slide unit overall weight, a kind of more excellent design is that second working slider 3 and the 3rd working slider 6 are adopted the intersection roller guide rail.
Lathe of the present invention is equipped with a plurality of functional parts, and main shaft has milling cutter chuck and the shared mounting structure of chuck, thereby functions such as this lathe can be realized milling, car, brill, a tractor serves several purposes.Because main shaft device adopts horizontal layout, when lathe is in the lathe duty, is the turning pattern of axis feeding, does not have taper error during the turning cylinder in theory; When lathe was in the milling machine duty, only the 3rd working slider by holding workpiece moved up and down, and required driving power is less.Because this lathe has the architectural feature with the upper-part combination, can be combined into specific mode of operation with specific operational module, reduced redundant component, adjustment, conversion, easy to use, function expansion potentiality are big, and applicability is wide, be easy to lightweight, even can make portable lathe, and be convenient to demonstration lesson, also can be applicable to industrial use.

Claims (10)

1. the lathe of a turnning and milling consubstantiality, comprise support, working slider and main shaft device, it is characterized in that: described working slider comprises first working slider and second working slider, described first working slider adopts rolling guide to support and adopts motor-feed screw nut pair to drive, described second working slider adopts rolling guide to support and adopts integral type motor-feed screw nut pair to drive, main shaft device is arranged on first working slider, be horizontal layout, the orthogonal thereto layout of the direction of motion of two working sliders.
2. lathe according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described main shaft device comprises a main shaft, and its main axis rotation center line is parallel with the direction of motion of place working slider.
3. lathe according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described main shaft has milling cutter chuck and the shared mounting structure of chuck.
4. lathe according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described main shaft device is electric main shaft or main shaft and the independently split type separately main shaft of motor.
5. lathe according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described second working slider comprises slide unit pedestal, slide block, rolling guide, integral type motor-feed screw nut pair, integral type motor-feed screw nut pair is made up of motor and feed screw nut pair, screw mandrel processing is at the overhanging position of motor shaft, described slide unit pedestal is arranged on the support, described slide block is supported on the slide unit pedestal by rolling guide, and the side vertical with the slide block movement direction is equipped with integral type motor-feed screw nut pair.
6. lathe according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it further comprises the 3rd working slider, described the 3rd working slider is arranged on second working slider, described the 3rd working slider adopts rolling guide to support and adopts integral type motor-feed screw nut pair to drive, the direction of motion of described the 3rd working slider is vertical substantially with horizontal plane, is used for holding workpiece, configuration milling cutter chuck on the main shaft device, be used for the clamping milling cutter, constitute the milling machine mode of operation.
7. lathe according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described the 3rd working slider comprises slide unit pedestal, slide block, rolling guide, integral type motor-feed screw nut pair, integral type motor-feed screw nut pair is made up of motor and feed screw nut pair, screw mandrel processing is at the overhanging position of motor shaft, described slide block is supported on the slide unit pedestal by rolling guide, and the side vertical with the slide block movement direction is equipped with integral type motor-feed screw nut pair.
8. lathe according to claim 1 is characterized in that: further comprise tool holder, described tool holder is arranged on second working slider, disposes chuck on the main shaft device, is used for holding workpiece, constitutes turner's operation mode.
9. lathe according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it further comprises rotary table, described rotary table is by motor-driven, rotary table is arranged on second working slider, described rotary table is used for holding workpiece, configuration milling cutter chuck is used for the clamping milling cutter on the main shaft device, constitutes the milling pattern of workpiece rotation.
10. according to claim 1,6 or 9 described lathes, it is characterized in that: first working slider, second working slider, the 3rd working slider and rotary table, it is characterized in that: each working slider and rotary table include handwheel, and described handwheel is separately positioned on the motor shaft of each working slider and rotary table.
CNA2008101423192A 2008-08-08 2008-08-08 Lathe-milling consubstantial machine tool Pending CN101357435A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008101423192A CN101357435A (en) 2008-08-08 2008-08-08 Lathe-milling consubstantial machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008101423192A CN101357435A (en) 2008-08-08 2008-08-08 Lathe-milling consubstantial machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101357435A true CN101357435A (en) 2009-02-04

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102133723A (en) * 2011-03-11 2011-07-27 深圳大学 Horizontal machine tool
CN102248206A (en) * 2011-06-14 2011-11-23 山东大学 Horizontal milling machine with ultrahigh processing speed
CN105772745A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-07-20 安徽工程大学 Combined lathe and operation method thereof
CN105922364A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-09-07 哈尔滨理工大学 Electric main shaft transposition device of woodworking milling machine
CN106736562A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-31 宁波华平金属制品有限公司 A kind of brass temperature controlled valve core processing unit (plant) and its processing technology

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102133723A (en) * 2011-03-11 2011-07-27 深圳大学 Horizontal machine tool
CN102248206A (en) * 2011-06-14 2011-11-23 山东大学 Horizontal milling machine with ultrahigh processing speed
CN105772745A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-07-20 安徽工程大学 Combined lathe and operation method thereof
CN105922364A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-09-07 哈尔滨理工大学 Electric main shaft transposition device of woodworking milling machine
CN106736562A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-31 宁波华平金属制品有限公司 A kind of brass temperature controlled valve core processing unit (plant) and its processing technology
CN106736562B (en) * 2017-01-24 2019-02-19 宁波华平智控科技股份有限公司 A kind of processing technology of brass temperature controlled valve core

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Open date: 20090204