CN208016332U - Standby fertilizer device and the irrigation sprinkler for including the standby fertile device - Google Patents

Standby fertilizer device and the irrigation sprinkler for including the standby fertile device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208016332U
CN208016332U CN201721736366.0U CN201721736366U CN208016332U CN 208016332 U CN208016332 U CN 208016332U CN 201721736366 U CN201721736366 U CN 201721736366U CN 208016332 U CN208016332 U CN 208016332U
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fertile
tank
fertilizer
pump
standby
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Inventor
乌力吉
边新洋
王绍新
魏子涵
张伊婷
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Beijing Blue Water Saving Equipment Co Ltd Mu Wo
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Beijing Blue Water Saving Equipment Co Ltd Mu Wo
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of standby fertile device and include the irrigation sprinkler for fertile device, wherein standby fertilizer device includes:Complex fertilizer tank (1);Matter Transfer pipeline (2);The fertile tank (3) of storage;Defeated fertile pump (4), the input terminal of the defeated fertile pump (4) are connected with the complex fertilizer tank (1), and the output end of the defeated fertile pump (4) is connected with the fertile tank (3) of the storage;Fertilizing pump (5), the input terminal of the fertilizing pump (5) is connected with the fertile tank (3) of the storage, the input terminal of the fertilizing pump (5) is connected with water-main road (17), for that will store up fertilizer and/or for example described water-main road (17) of pesticide pump in fertile tank (3);One end of the Matter Transfer pipeline (2) is connected with the complex fertilizer tank (1), and the other end is connected with the output end of the defeated fertile pump (4).Standby fertile device according to the present utility model and fertilizing method fertilising speed are fast, efficient, with good economic efficiency and social benefit.

Description

Standby fertilizer device and the irrigation sprinkler for including the standby fertile device
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of standby fertile device and include the standby fertile device irrigation sprinkler, more particularly, to farmland It irrigates, the matched standby fertile device of fertilizer machinery --- for example, center pivot irrigation sprinkler ---.
Background technology
Irrigator when Chinese patent 201210357371.6 discloses a kind of mobile.There are one fertilisings for setting on its vehicle frame The water inlet pipe of fertilizer spreading tank and outlet pipe are coupled on the influent side of valve and the outlet pipe of water outlet side by tank, fertilizer spreading tank into A hand-operated valve is respectively set on water pipe and outlet pipe, by adjusting two hand-operated valves, the hydraulic pressure of above-mentioned inlet tube and outlet tube is made to generate Pressure difference applies fertilizer to crop when irrigating to which the solution in fertilizer spreading tank to be drawn into outlet pipe.It follows that this is existing Only there are one fertilizer spreading tanks for setting in patent, and the solution in fertilizer spreading tank is preprepared.So, when in fertilizer spreading tank Solution application after must just shut down and inculcate preprepared solution again, therefore the continuity of fertilizer irrigation can be caused Difference, fertilising speed is slow, low to the efficiency of large area farmland fertilization.
Further, since water resource is very short, field irrigation just develops towards water-saving direction.Center pivot irrigation sprinkler is section The large-scale Water saving type watering arrangement of water type large area irrigation machinery.Currently, center pivot irrigation sprinkler there is without standby fertile device and Unevenness of applying fertilizer is led to using fertilizing pump merely.
Moreover, the energy force difference of existing standby fertile device continuous fertilization work, the disposable amount for containing fertilizer solution is few, sprinkling It needs that the fertilizer mixed is injected fertilizer applicator again after fertilising, when to the soil fertilizing of large area, needs to repeat to shut down dress Material, then carries out spring application again, and it is low thus to bring working efficiency, fertilising speed equal shortcomings, while the amount applied fertilizer slowly It is uncontrollable, it causes to waste.
Invention content
Purpose of the utility model is to solve the above problems and provide a kind of standby fertile devices of continuous uninterrupted fertilizer.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides a kind of standby fertile device, including:
Complex fertilizer tank;
Matter Transfer pipeline;
The fertile tank of storage;
Defeated fertile pump, the input terminal of the defeated fertile pump are connected with the complex fertilizer tank, the output end of the defeated fertile pump and the storage Fertile tank is connected;
Fertilizing pump, the input terminal of the fertilizing pump are connected with the fertile tank of the storage, the input terminal of the fertilizing pump and main water delivery Pipeline is connected, for the fertilizer stored up in fertile tank and/or pesticide to be pumped into the water-main road;
One end of the Matter Transfer pipeline is connected with the complex fertilizer tank, the output end phase of the other end and the defeated fertile pump Even.
One side according to the present utility model, the Matter Transfer pipeline include that circulating water pipe and setting are followed described The 4th shut-off valve on ring water pipe for opening and closing pipeline.
One side according to the present utility model, the input terminal of the defeated fertile pump are connected with the lower end of the complex fertilizer tank, institute The one end for stating circulating water pipe is connected to the upper end of the complex fertilizer tank, the other end of the circulating water pipe and the output end phase of defeated fertile pump Even.
It is equipped with the first shut-off valve between the fertile tank of one side according to the present utility model, the defeated fertile pump and the storage;Institute The pipeline for stating complex fertilizer tank arrival end is equipped with the second shut-off valve;It is set between the output end of the fertilizing pump and the water-main road There is third shut-off valve.
One side according to the present utility model, between second shut-off valve and the complex fertilizer tank, the third cut-off It is respectively equipped with flowmeter on the valve other end.
One side according to the present utility model, second shut-off valve are motor-driven valve.
One side according to the present utility model is equipped with PH sensor and EC sensors in the complex fertilizer tank;
The first high-order liquid-level switch and the first low level liquid-level switch are additionally provided on the tank skin of the complex fertilizer tank.
One side according to the present utility model, the fertile tank of the storage are equipped with weight sensor;Or
The tank skin of the fertile tank of storage is equipped with the second high-order liquid-level switch and the second low level liquid-level switch.
One side according to the present utility model further includes frequency-variable controller, for controlling the fertilizing pump.
According to the utility model, for achieving the above object, a kind of irrigation sprinkler including the standby fertile device is also provided, Further include positioning navigation device, the positioning navigation device is arranged in the center of the standby fertile device and/or the sprinkling irrigation The fertilising end of machine.
One side according to the present utility model, the positioning navigation device use GPS or BEI-DOU position system.
According to the utility model, Matter Transfer pipeline, defeated fertile pump and complex fertilizer tank constitute the hydraulic circuit of a closed type, Material in complex fertilizer tank can circulate under the drive of defeated fertile pump.By the suction and pumping of defeated fertile pump, make in complex fertilizer tank Fertilizer solution circulate, and then pesticide or fertilizer in complex fertilizer tank is made to be substantially dissolved in water.This structure makes full use of Defeated fertile pump, so that defeated fertile pump is used not only for the uniformly mixed fertilizer of conveying, while can be additionally used in the fertilizer solution in complex fertilizer tank It is stirred, promotes fertilizer uniform dissolution in water.According to the utility model, using Matter Transfer pipeline, make standby fertile device Structure is simplified, and reduces equipment cost and the expense of maintaining.
It is equipped with shut-off valve and flowmeter in the pipeline of standby fertilizer device, these shut-off valves can be motor-driven valve, in order to pass through Central control system or central control unit carry out automatically controlling entire fertilizer irrigation system.It can be controlled not using shut-off valve Same fertilizer-mixing barrel access system carries out complex fertilizer and fertilising operation.Flowmeter, which is arranged, can accurately control the fertilizer or pesticide for applying cloth The amount of solution, the amount to accurately calculate required water or fertilizer solution according to the area in practical farmland provide foundation.According to reality Border working condition adaptively supply water and conveys fertilizer, it is thus achieved that accurately calculate, adjust fertilizer-injecting quantity in real time, and Water, fertile utilization rate are improved, solves existing center pivot irrigation sprinkler without standby fertile device or standby fertile device unevenness of application The problem of.Standby fertile device according to the present utility model simultaneously solves the problems, such as that artificially applying fertilizer labor intensity is excessive and cost High problem, with good economic efficiency and social benefit.
It is equipped with PH, EC sensor, liquid-level switch and weight sensor in complex fertilizer tank, frequency converter is connected with by fertilizing pump. PH and EC sensors can accurately control fertilizer solution acid-base value and soluble-salt concentration in complex fertilizer tank.It is existing according to fertilising in this way Field soil regime etc., determines concentration of fertilizer, and it is good to ensure that fertilizer plays the role of farmland.Liquid-level switch and/or weight sensing Device can be with the fertilizer solution amount in real-time remote monitoring complex fertilizer tank, it is ensured that the fertilizer solution in complex fertilizer tank is sufficient.In addition, fertilizing pump Side setting frequency converter frequency control fertilizing pump may be implemented, thus come realize in real time adjustment fertilizer solution output quantity so that Fertilizer irrigation is controllable, to realize the Variable Control of dose.
The fertilizer solution mixed in each complex fertilizer tank is directly that irrigation sprinkler applies fertilizer end for fertilizer solution progress by fertilizing pump Fertilising, then proceedes to the mixed fertilizer in the complex fertilizer tank for having mended material and is again conveyed to the fertilizer solution mixed by fertilizing pump Irrigation sprinkler fertilising end, continuously can carry out spring application to the farmland of large area so on circulate, process of applying fertilizer In need not shut down feed supplement be unit area so that the fertilising efficiency of the standby fertile device of the utility model greatly improves Rate faster, has saved the plenty of time compared with the prior art when farmland fertilization, saves cost of labor, has good economy Benefit and social benefit.
A kind of scheme according to the present utility model starts after one of complex fertilizer tank fertilizer to supplement material, then by Blender is stirred, while carrying out fertilizer by another complex fertilizer tank, continues fertilizer, fertilizer by other complex fertilizer tanks after fertilizer The complex fertilizer tank finished is replenished in time material and stirs, and waits for seamless connection fertilizer after other complex fertilizer tank fertilizers (i.e. not It is interrupted fertilizer).Spring application continuously is carried out to the farmland of large area so on circulate, need not be stopped during fertilising Machine feed supplement.The fertilising efficiency of the standby fertile device of the utility model greatly improves, compared to existing when being the farmland fertilization of unit area There is technology rate faster, saved the plenty of time, saves cost of labor, with good economic efficiency and social benefit.And And fertilizing method according to the present utility model can adjust dose in real time so that dose obtains Variable Control, working efficiency It greatly improves, realizes full-automatic.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Needed in attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only the utility model Some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be according to this A little attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 schematically shows a kind of structural plan of the standby fertile device of embodiment according to the present utility model.
Specific implementation mode
It, below will be to implementing in order to illustrate more clearly of the utility model embodiment or technical solution in the prior art Attached drawing needed in mode is briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only that this practicality is new Some embodiments of type for those of ordinary skills without creative efforts, can be with Obtain other attached drawings according to these attached drawings.
When the embodiment for the utility model is described, term " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom" "inner", the orientation or positional relationship expressed by "outside" are Based on orientation or positional relationship shown in relevant drawings, it is merely for convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, without It is instruction or implies that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore on Term is stated to should not be understood as limiting the present invention.
The utility model is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description, embodiment cannot herein one One repeats, but therefore the embodiment of the utility model is not defined in following implementation.
Fig. 1 schematically shows a kind of structure of the standby fertile device of embodiment according to the present utility model.As shown in Figure 1, Standby fertile device according to the present utility model includes complex fertilizer tank 1, Matter Transfer pipeline 2, the fertile tank 3 of storage, defeated fertile pump 4, fertilizing pump 5, pipe Road 6 and water-main road 17 etc..In the present embodiment, above-mentioned complex fertilizer tank 1, the fertile tank 3 of storage, defeated fertile pump 4 and fertilizing pump 5 pass through pipe 6 mutual hydraulic communication of road.Thus an open hydraulic system is constituted.In this hydraulic system, Matter Transfer pipe is removed Outside road 2 and related components, each parts are hydraulically interconnected by pipeline 6.Therefore, in this standby fertile device, pipeline 6 Refer to more hydraulic communication pipes.
The input of this hydraulic system is main hydraulic pipeline 17, and output is also water-main road 17.As shown in Fig. 1, master is defeated Clear water in water-main road 17 is introduced into complex fertilizer tank 1 by the branch line 6 of water lines 17, for dissolve fertilizer therein and/ Or pesticide;On the other hand, it is sent into water-main road 17 from branch line 6 by the fertilizer that 5 output end of fertilizing pump is pumped out, sent out System according to the present utility model applies cloth into fertilizing equipment to farmland.Technical field involved by the utility model, In the present invention, so-called hydraulic system is for conveying the liquid materials such as irrigation water, fertilizer and necessary various pesticides.
In the present embodiment, it is connected with Matter Transfer pipeline 2 on complex fertilizer tank 1.Matter Transfer pipeline 2 and complex fertilizer tank 1 and Defeated fertile pump 4 collectively forms a closed hydraulic circuit.Material in complex fertilizer tank 1 can pass through this under the drive of defeated fertile pump 4 Hydraulic circuit circulates.
In the present embodiment, Matter Transfer pipeline 2 includes circulating water pipe 201 and the 4th shut-off valve 202.4th shut-off valve 202 are arranged on circulating water pipe 201 pipeline for being turned on or off circulating water pipe 201.As shown in Figure 1, circulating water pipe 201 One end be connected to the upper end of complex fertilizer tank 1, i.e., be connected to from the upper end of complex fertilizer tank 1 or apex zone with complex fertilizer tank 1.Recirculated water The other end of pipe 201 is connected with the output end of defeated fertile pump 4.In the present embodiment, it is equipped with such as between defeated fertile pump 4 and storage fertilizer tank 3 First shut-off valve 7 shown in Fig. 1.The first shut-off valve 7 is closed, fertilizer and water are added in complex fertilizer tank 1, opens the 4th shut-off valve 202, the material (such as fertilizer and water) of 1 lower part of complex fertilizer tank is extracted out by defeated fertile pump 4, is pumped into the top of complex fertilizer tank 1.Material exists Under the pressure of defeated fertile pump 4, enter complex fertilizer tank 1 from the upper end of complex fertilizer tank 1 or apex zone.High-pressure material is pumped to complex fertilizer tank 1, Original material in complex fertilizer tank 1 is caused to impact, mixing can be played the role of.It is right by defeated fertile pump 4 and circulating water pipe 201 The multiple cycle of material is transported, and the fertilizer and water in complex fertilizer tank 1 can be uniformly mixed to form fertilizer solution.
Material in complex fertilizer tank 1 can close the 4th shut-off valve 202 after being uniformly mixed, and open the first shut-off valve 7, carry out The conveying of follow-up fertilizer solution.At this point, the fertilizer solution mixed in complex fertilizer tank 1 is sent by defeated fertile pump 4 in storage fertilizer tank 3.When mixed After fertilizer solution in fertile tank 1 is all pumped into storage fertilizer tank 3, the first shut-off valve 7 is closed.Again fertilizer is launched to complex fertilizer tank 1 And introduce clear water by opening the second shut-off valve 8.Hereafter, fertilizer is stirred again by Matter Transfer pipeline 2, promotes it It is soluble in water.Constantly cycle executes above-mentioned steps, you can constantly to the uniformly mixed fertilizer solution of the fertile supplement of tank 3 of storage, not between Disconnectedly to farmland fertilization, irrigate, apply pesticide etc..
The structure of Matter Transfer pipeline 2 according to the present utility model is simple, easy to assembly quick.Pass through Matter Transfer pipeline 2 with the cooperation of defeated fertile pump 4, the fertilizer solution of 1 lower part of complex fertilizer tank or bottom is pumped to the top or top of complex fertilizer tank 1, makes fertilizer Material solution constantly circulates, and realizes the stirring action to material in complex fertilizer tank 1.
As shown in Figure 1,1 top of complex fertilizer tank is equipped with the through-hole 101 for the total fertilizer that supplies water to complex fertilizer tank 1, can also be arranged special Fertilizer material conveyer conveys the through-hole (not shown) of fertilizer.In the present embodiment, by pipeline 6 by clear water from main water delivery It draws, is sent into complex fertilizer tank 1 in pipeline 17.The second shut-off valve 8 is equipped in pipeline 6, to control the water for entering complex fertilizer tank 1 Amount.Motor-driven valve may be used in second shut-off valve 8.In the present embodiment, electric ball small using fluid damping, flexible movements Valve.
In the present embodiment, using mechanically or manually solid crystals or liquid concentrated fertilizer are fed in complex fertilizer tank 1. For example, fertilizer is delivered in complex fertilizer tank 1 by the mechanism of fertilizer conveyer or other transporting fertilizers.Utilize Matter Transfer pipeline 2 and defeated fertile pump 4 in complex fertilizer tank 1 fertilizer and water carry out cycle transport, have the function that mixing so that fertilizer is completely molten Solution is mutually mixed uniformly in water, forms fertilizer solution.In the present embodiment, a complex fertilizer tank 1 and storage is at least respectively set Fertile tank 3.Design according to the present utility model, for Different Fertilization situation and requirement, such as fertilization area is big, fertilization time is grown etc. Situation, can increase complex fertilizer tank 1 and the fertile tank 3 of storage, and each complex fertilizer tank 1 in series or in parallel with each other can be arranged with fertile tank 3 is stored up.Different Complex fertilizer tank 1 and different storage fertilizer tanks 3, can accommodate different fertilizer, different pesticides can be especially accommodated, so as to not Discontinuously apply different types of pesticide or fertilizer.
As shown in Figure 1, in the present embodiment, storing up fertile tank 3 and being arranged in the downstream of complex fertilizer tank 1, pass through pipeline with complex fertilizer tank 1 6 connections.It is provided with defeated fertile pump 4 on the pipeline 6 that fertile tank 3 and complex fertilizer tank 1 are stored up in connection.Defeated fertile pump 4 in complex fertilizer tank 1 for will mix Uniform fertilizer solution is pumped into storage fertilizer tank 3.In the present invention, fertile tank 3 is stored up by pipeline 6 to water-main road 17, into And convey fertilizer, water and/or pesticide to fertilizer apparatus or irrigation rig.In actual operation or during actual irrigation fertilising, Fertilizer, pesticide and water are sent into complex fertilizer tank 1 first, then by Matter Transfer pipeline 2 and the cycle transport of defeated fertile pump 4 to play The effect of mixing.Uniformly mixed fertilizer solution is through (the 4th shut-off valve 202 is to close shape in the feeding storage fertilizer of defeated fertile pump 4 tank 3 State).Then, using shut-off valve, such as the first shut-off valve shown in FIG. 17 (in the present embodiment, it can be electric check valve, For example, electrical ball valve), the fluid passage between cut-out complex fertilizer tank 1 and storage fertilizer tank 3.In this case, it can use fertilizing pump 5 will Fertilizer solution in storage fertilizer tank 3 is pumped to corresponding fertilizer apparatus, implements fertilising and irrigates.At the same time, again to complex fertilizer tank 1 Middle addition fertilizer, pesticide and water, and be stirred again by Matter Transfer pipeline 2.Then, the first shut-off valve 7 is opened, it will be fertile Material solution is pumped into storage fertilizer tank 3.So cycle, standby fertile device according to the present utility model can continuously, for a long time Implement the operations such as fertilizer irrigation.Thus it avoids in the prior art, filling it up with complex fertilizer tank 1 when primary and stirring evenly implementation fertigation When, the fertilizer solution in complex fertilizer tank 1 is once applied cloth and is finished, it is necessary to stop fertilising, wait for the defect of standby fertilizer again.
In the present embodiment, to water-main road 17, then the fertilizer solution stored up in fertile tank 3 is pumped by fertilizing pump 5 It is delivered to fertilizer apparatus and carries out sprinkler irrigation fertilization.As shown in Figure 1, fertilizing pump 5 is arranged stores up fertile tank 3 and water-main road 17 in connection On pipeline 6.In the present embodiment, fertilizing pump 5 uses diaphragm pump or positive displacement pump.Certainly, the pump of other forms, such as plunger The purpose of this utility model equally may be implemented in pump, vane pump.But a kind of embodiment according to the present utility model, for every Membrane type fertilizing pump 5 is equipped with frequency-variable controller 9, under the guidance of preset Fertilization Model, by calculating to dose, certainly Plan and in real time adjustment are implemented to control using frequency control diaphragm type fertilizing pump 5 to dose.
As shown in Figure 1, in a kind of embodiment of the utility model, standby fertilizer device includes setting in connection defeated fertile pump 4 With the first shut-off valve 7 on the pipeline of storage fertilizer tank 3, the second shut-off valve 8 being arranged on pipeline 6, and setting are applied fertilizer in connection Third shut-off valve 10 on pump 5 and pipeline 6.In the present embodiment, the first shut-off valve 7 and third shut-off valve 10 use electric ball Valve.In addition, in the present invention, motor-driven valve can be used in above each valve.Certainly, design according to the present utility model, Other kinds of shut-off valve, such as gate valve etc. may be used.Another embodiment according to the present utility model, all shut-off valves For motor-driven valve.
As shown in Figure 1, in the present embodiment, the pipeline 6 between the second shut-off valve 8 and complex fertilizer tank 1 is equipped with flowmeter 11, for detecting the water in input complex fertilizer tank 1;It also is provided with flowing on pipeline between third shut-off valve 10 and irrigation sprinkler fertilising end Gauge 11, for detecting the fertilizer solution amount for giving fertilizer apparatus.In the present embodiment, each shut-off valve can efficiently control The flow of fertilizer solution, measures real-time control according to actual needs.It is aided with flowmeter, can accurately learns the amount of water or fertilizer solution Number, and then according to the area in practical farmland, the amount of water or fertilizer solution required for accurately calculating.
Based on above-mentioned shut-off valve and flowmeter, the flow of carrying capacity and fertilizer solution can be allow to be controlled, root Factually border working condition adaptively supply water and conveys fertilizer, it is thus achieved that accurately calculate, adjust fertilizer-injecting quantity in real time, And water, fertilizer utilization rate are improved, it solves existing center pivot irrigation sprinkler and applies fertilizer not without standby fertile device or standby fertile device Uniform problem.Simultaneously according to above-mentioned setting, it is excessive that the standby fertile device of the utility model solves artificially applying fertilizer labor intensity Problem and problem of high cost, with good economic efficiency and social benefit.
A kind of embodiment according to the present utility model, for PH sensor, EC biographies is additionally provided in the complex fertilizer tank 1 in fertilizer device The 12 and first low level liquid-level switch 13 of high-order liquid-level switch of sensor and liquid-level switch --- -- first;The bottom of storage fertilizer tank 3 is equipped with weight Quantity sensor 14, or the tank skin of storage fertilizer tank 3 are equipped with 15 and second low level of high-order liquid-level switch of liquid-level switch --- -- second Liquid-level switch 16 is connected with frequency-variable controller 9 by fertilizing pump 5.In the present embodiment, the tank skin of complex fertilizer tank 1 is equipped with first High-order liquid-level switch 12 and the first low level liquid-level switch 13.The tank skin of the fertile tank of storage 3 is equipped with the second high-order liquid-level switch 15 and the Two low level liquid-level switches 16.First low level liquid-level switch 13 and the second low level liquid-level switch 16 are separately positioned on complex fertilizer tank 1 and storage Bottom in fertile tank 3 or the position close to bottom, for monitoring whether fertilizer solution amount in complex fertilizer tank 1 and the fertile tank 3 of storage reaches Lowest water level, the timely feed supplement of prompt system when the fertilizer solution deficiency in complex fertilizer tank 1 and storage fertilizer tank 3.Second high-order liquid level is opened Pass 12 and the second high-order liquid-level switch 15 are separately positioned on the position of complex fertilizer tank 1 and top or close top in storage fertilizer tank 3 It sets, the amount for monitoring fully loaded fertilizer solution in complex fertilizer tank 1 and the fertile tank 3 of storage, when molten full of fertilizer in complex fertilizer tank 1 and the fertile tank 3 of storage Prompt system stopping continues to be fed when liquid or fertilizer solution reach peak level.Thereby it is ensured that according to the present utility model standby Fertile device feed supplement and/or can stop feed supplement in time in time, can ensure the normal operation of system in this way, it is molten not waste fertilizer Liquid, and can uninterruptedly apply fertilizer to farmland.
In the present embodiment, PH and EC sensors can accurately control the concentration of fertilizer solution in complex fertilizer tank 1.According to reality Border fertilising situation, determines that concentration of fertilizer is applied fertilizer, and it is good to ensure that fertilizer plays the role of farmland.Weight sensor 14 can be with The amount of fertilizer solution in real time monitoring storage fertilizer tank 3, it is ensured that the fertilizer solution in storage fertilizer tank 3 is sufficient.In the present invention, it stores up It can setting weight sensor 14 or only the second high-order 15 and second low level liquid-level switch of liquid-level switch of setting on fertile tank 3 16, weight sensor 14 and the second 15 and second low level liquid-level switch 16 of high-order liquid-level switch can also be set simultaneously.In addition, applying Fertilizer, which pumps the frequency-variable controller 9 that 5 sides are arranged, to realize frequency control with fertilizing pump 5, thus adjust the output quantity of fertilizer solution in real time.
In addition, the utility model also provides a kind of irrigation sprinkler including above-mentioned standby fertile device, this irrigation sprinkler further includes positioning Navigation device.In the present invention, center and/or the sprinkling irrigation of standby fertile device is arranged in irrigation sprinkler in positioning navigation device The fertilising end of machine.GPS or BEI-DOU position system may be used in positioning navigation device according to the present utility model.So set, The gait of march of irrigation sprinkler and the location of the fertilising end of irrigation sprinkler can be perceived by positioning navigation device.Such one Come, by the data real-time delivery sensed to irrigation sprinkler, the control unit in irrigation sprinkler can be according to the data passed back The gait of march and irrigation sprinkler of control irrigation sprinkler are for the position in different fields, calculating, decision and the corresponding dose of control. Irrigation sprinkler according to the present utility model is applied fertilizer uniformly under any operating mode and the speed of service and dose is accurate, together When ensure irrigation sprinkler travel path it is accurate, covering need to entirely fertilize the soil ground.Meanwhile because standby fertilizer device setting so that according to The irrigation sprinkler of the utility model can uninterruptedly precision fertilizing for a long time, fertilising speed is fast, efficient.
Above-mentioned setting according to the present utility model, such as using the above-mentioned practical method applied fertilizer of irrigation sprinkler for including standby fertile device It is lower described:
Fertilizing method according to the present utility model includes the following steps:
A. fertilizer is inputted into complex fertilizer tank 1, and suitable quantity of water is injected into complex fertilizer tank 1 by pipeline 6;
B. the 4th shut-off valve 202 is opened, starts defeated fertile pump 4 and extracts the material in complex fertilizer tank 1 out, pass through circulating water pipe 201 The material of extraction is sent back to from a high position for complex fertilizer tank 1 in complex fertilizer tank 1;
C. circulation step b, until the fertilizer and water in complex fertilizer tank 1 are uniformly mixed;
D. it closes the 4th shut-off valve 202 and opens the first shut-off valve 7, the fertilizer solution that will be uniformly mixed by defeated fertile pump 4 It is pumped into storage fertilizer tank 3;
E. the fertilizer solution stored up in fertile tank 3 is pumped to irrigation sprinkler fertilising end by fertilizing pump 5 and carries out spring application;
F. while executing step e, step a~c is repeated;
G. after executing step f, return to step d.
Specific fertilizing method is as described below:
Appropriate fertilizer is conveyed into complex fertilizer tank 1 from fertilizer conveyer, it then will be in water-main road 17 by pipeline 6 Clear water is introduced to complex fertilizer tank 1.During conveying fertilizer and water, accurately judged by the way that corresponding valve and flowmeter is arranged With control injection rate number.After having conveyed fertilizer and water, the first shut-off valve 7 is closed, the 4th shut-off valve 202 is opened, by defeated Fertilizer pump 4 extracts the material (fertilizer and water) in complex fertilizer tank 1 out, by circulating water pipe 201 by the material of extraction from complex fertilizer tank 1 High-order (upper end or apex zone) is sent back in complex fertilizer tank 1.Be pumped to the material at the top of complex fertilizer tank 1 in the pressure of defeated fertile pump 4 and Under self gravitation effect, so that the solution in complex fertilizer tank 1 is rolled, be stirred.It is right by defeated fertile pump 4 and circulating water pipe 201 as a result, Material passes through multiple circulation conveying, you can so that fertilizer completely dissolves in water to form uniform fertilizer solution.
After uniform fertilizer solution to be formed, the 4th shut-off valve 202 on circulating water pipe 201 is closed, opens first section Uniformly mixed fertilizer solution is pumped by defeated fertile pump 4 and is stored up in fertile tank 3 by only valve 7, is ended into before storing up fertile tank 3 by first Valve 7 controls and judges the amount for entering fertilizer solution in the fertile tank 3 of storage.
After the fertilizer solution being uniformly mixed in complex fertilizer tank 1 is evacuated in storage fertilizer tank 3, continue to inject fertilizer into complex fertilizer tank 1 And water, circulation conveying then is carried out to play the work of stirring material to material again by defeated fertile pump 4 and Matter Transfer pipeline 2 With material is waited for being pumped into after being uniformly mixed and be stored up in fertile tank 3.And the fertilizer solution in storage fertilizer tank 3 is pumped into then by carrying frequency conversion The fertilizing pump 5 of controller 9 come Variable Control is pumped to irrigation sprinkler fertilising end according to practical dose and carries out spring application.It is spraying It is preceding by ball valve and flowmeter progress traffic monitoring to spill fertilising, so that dose is more accurate, will not cause to waste, and So that fertilising is controllable.
Recycle above-mentioned complex fertilizer, the process of storage fertilizer and fertilising so that the standby fertile device of the utility model can be in large area Prolonged continuous fertilization is irrigated in farmland, and can adjust dose in real time so that dose obtains Variable Control, work It is greatly improved as efficiency, realizes full-automation, saved cost, achieved good economic benefit.
Fertilizing method according to the present utility model, in the fertile tank of the fertilizer solution input storage that mixes in complex fertilizer tank 13, by storing up Fertile tank 3 is that irrigation sprinkler fertilising end is applied fertilizer for fertilizer solution, and then proceeding to the mixed fertilizer in complex fertilizer tank 1 will mix again The fertile tank of fertilizer solution input storage 3 in, can sprinkling continuously be carried out to the farmland of large area so on circulate and applied Fertilizer need not shut down feed supplement during fertilising, thus so that the fertilising efficiency of the standby fertile device of the utility model carries significantly Height, be unit area farmland fertilization when compared with the prior art rate faster, saved the plenty of time, save manually at This, with good economic efficiency and social benefit.
The foregoing is merely an embodiments of the utility model, are not intended to limit the utility model, for For those skilled in the art, various modifications and changes may be made to the present invention.All spirit and original in the utility model Within then, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (11)

1. standby fertilizer device, which is characterized in that including:
Complex fertilizer tank (1);
Matter Transfer pipeline (2);
The fertile tank (3) of storage;
Defeated fertile pump (4), the input terminal of the defeated fertile pump (4) are connected with the complex fertilizer tank (1), the output end of the defeated fertile pump (4) It is connected with the fertile tank (3) of the storage;
The input terminal of fertilizing pump (5), the fertilizing pump (5) is connected with the fertile tank (3) of the storage, the input terminal of the fertilizing pump (5) It is connected with water-main road (17), for the fertilizer stored up in fertile tank (3) and/or pesticide to be pumped into the water-main road (17);
One end of the Matter Transfer pipeline (2) is connected with the complex fertilizer tank (1), the output of the other end and the defeated fertile pump (4) End is connected.
2. standby fertile device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the Matter Transfer pipeline (2) includes circulating water pipe (201) and it is arranged on the circulating water pipe (201) for opening and closing the 4th shut-off valve (202) of pipeline.
3. standby fertile device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the input terminal of the defeated fertile pump (4) and the complex fertilizer The lower end of tank (1) is connected, and one end of the circulating water pipe (201) is connected to the upper end of the complex fertilizer tank (1), the circulating water pipe (201) the other end is connected with the output end of defeated fertile pump (4).
4. standby fertile device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that between the defeated fertile pump (4) and the fertile tank (3) of the storage Equipped with the first shut-off valve (7);The pipeline (6) of complex fertilizer tank (1) arrival end is equipped with the second shut-off valve (8);The fertilizing pump (5) third shut-off valve (10) is equipped between output end and the water-main road (17).
5. standby fertile device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that second shut-off valve (8) and the complex fertilizer tank (1) Between, on the third shut-off valve (10) other end be respectively equipped with flowmeter (11).
6. standby fertile device according to claim 4 or 5, which is characterized in that second shut-off valve (8) is motor-driven valve.
7. the standby fertile device according to one of Claims 1-4, which is characterized in that be equipped with PH in the complex fertilizer tank (1) and sense Device and EC sensors;
The first high-order liquid-level switch (12) and the first low level liquid-level switch (13) are additionally provided on the tank skin of the complex fertilizer tank (1).
8. the standby fertile device according to one of Claims 1-4, which is characterized in that the fertile tank (3) of the storage senses equipped with weight Device (14);Or
The tank skin of the fertile tank (3) of storage is equipped with the second high-order liquid-level switch (15) and the second low level liquid-level switch (16).
9. the standby fertile device according to one of claim 1 to 5, which is characterized in that further include frequency-variable controller (9), be used for Control the fertilizing pump (5).
10. a kind of irrigation sprinkler including the standby fertile device described in one of claim 1 to 9, which is characterized in that further include that positioning is led Navigate device, and the positioning navigation device is arranged at the standby fertile center of device and/or the fertilising end of the irrigation sprinkler.
11. irrigation sprinkler according to claim 10, which is characterized in that the positioning navigation device uses GPS or the Big Dipper Positioning system.
CN201721736366.0U 2017-12-13 2017-12-13 Standby fertilizer device and the irrigation sprinkler for including the standby fertile device Active CN208016332U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111631001A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-08 北京市农业技术推广站 Method and device for one pump to be used for multiple purposes

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111631001A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-08 北京市农业技术推广站 Method and device for one pump to be used for multiple purposes

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