CN207954212U - PC wallboard moulds with window opening module - Google Patents

PC wallboard moulds with window opening module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207954212U
CN207954212U CN201720797643.2U CN201720797643U CN207954212U CN 207954212 U CN207954212 U CN 207954212U CN 201720797643 U CN201720797643 U CN 201720797643U CN 207954212 U CN207954212 U CN 207954212U
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China
Prior art keywords
window opening
lobe wall
internal lobe
opening module
plate
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CN201720797643.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢其盛
何云峰
周治勺
谢其阳
陈彩凤
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Lixin Baocheng construction industrialization Co.,Ltd.
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Anhui Baoye Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to building product technical field, and in particular to a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module.This mold includes four internal lobe wall side moulds and locating plate:The die cavity face of internal lobe wall side mould is concavely provided with U-shaped locating slot;Recessed positioning arc slot at the long side of locating plate, locating plate plugged and fixed is in U-shaped locating slot;This mold further includes window opening module, and window opening module is divided into four groups of angle Terminals Dies and two groups of straight flange submodules;Cross-sectional profile " L " shape of internal lobe wall side mould;This mold further includes positioning plectane and pipe sleeve;Pressing plate, trip bolt clamping platen and pipe sleeve are shelved at pipe sleeve top end face on positioning plectane.This mold has the advantages of simple form removal, simple and efficient to handle and low manufacture cost, can while the one-time-concreting molding for ensuring window opening, realize the prefabricated of framework of steel reinforcement and it is whole enter modulo operation, significant increase can be obtained in the making quality and efficiency of precast wall body.

Description

PC wallboard moulds with window opening module
Technical field
The utility model belongs to building product technical field, and in particular to a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module.
Background technology
In recent years, with economic development, building trade increasingly payes attention to energy consumption, environmental pollution.In building field The architecture construction of traditional reinforced concrete structure often uses based on situ wet operation, and this mode of construction will not only consume largely Timber does end template and backing material, and energy consumption is big, low construction efficiency, the construction time is long, generates noise and dust, while right Ambient enviroment has larger pollution.Therefore, in recent years, building field starts to introduce the concept of modularized house.Modularized house is not Be same as traditional building construction, many structures such as house of usual modularized house build used in precast beam, precast wall body, Precast stair etc. can shift to an earlier date and be machined in plant produced line.In use, directly above-mentioned prefabricated components are transported to construction site It is cast-in-place that assembly is carried out afterwards, finally connects into building.Modularized house has environmental protection, the pollution for reducing site operation, construction effect The high feature of rate can compared with the construction for completing house in casual labourer's phase, be one of the preferred embodiment that the house modernized is built.
In every prefabricated components above-mentioned, precast wall body is essential critical component.Tradition is carrying out dry wall When system is made, the first wiretie skeleton directly in internal lobe wall mold is all used, then the mode that later stage cement pours.Aforesaid operations Mode has problems in that:First, when manufacturing due to each precast wall body, it is required for making steel in internal lobe wall mold Tendons skeleton so that the producing efficiency of precast wall body is relatively low.Second, PC walls relatively mostly use the structure of sandwich heat preserving wall plate at present, The both sides of siphonal lobe wallboard in the interlayer structure and top dimension all exceed internal lobe wallboard 5-30cm, and should be needed beyond part exposed Thermal insulation material.All it is each internal lobe wall side for first dismantling composition internal lobe wall mold when tradition carries out the form removal operation of internal lobe wall mold Mould, then each internal lobe wall side mould is directly subjected to horizontal direction dragging along basal plane.Above-mentioned forceps horizontal pulling action, can make internal lobe wall side Mould directly scrapes above-mentioned thermal insulation material, or even can scrape the above-mentioned of damage siphonal lobe wallboard and exceed part, and the quality of precast wall body is caused to lack It falls into.Third, prefabricated panel itself is not only a monoblock plate body, often it is required for being reserved for the external part placement such as pipeline thereon Groove or circular hole.When carrying out precast wall body making habitually in the past, all directly the built-in fittings such as pipe are banded on framework of steel reinforcement, or will be pre- Embedded part, which is positioned over, axially to be penetrated bolt again after basal plane and is fastened at the threaded hole reserved on basal plane, corresponding to be obtained after form removal Pipe hole or the corresponding tank circuit.However, under active force caused by pouring, vibrate and harden in cement, built-in fitting often occurs Displacement situation, cause the groove after final molding or circular hole displacement problem occur.Finally, the precast wall body with window opening is public The more complicated component of production method recognized.Window opening module traditional at present is all directly correspond to window shape to be formed one Body mold, such as when window opening is cuboid, window opening module is integrally " mouth " word frame like structure, and so on.Above-mentioned construction Window opening module have problems in that:After window opening module is put into the die cavity of internal lobe wall mold, the laying of framework of steel reinforcement and water Mud pours to carry out in the space between window opening module and internal lobe wall mold.After the completion of hardening of cement and need to carry out window opening When the dismounting of module, just window opening module must be extracted along vertical direction by vertical lifting machine.Since window opening appearance is usual Have a large amount of turning (also known as inner corner trim), cause when vertical lifting because window opening module and cement pull acted on stress concentration due to Cause window opening turning damaged, it is final so that the appearance of precast wall body generates defect.Once above-mentioned open defect occurs, can only just lead to Later phase reparing process is repaired, and virtually also increases the cost of manufacture of precast wall body.In addition, window opening is simultaneously at present Not only simple smooth hole body, by taking rectangle window opening as an example, upper edge needs the drip that groove-like is arranged, lower edge to need Rectangular-shaped with inclined surface of arrangement returns water slope.Obvious, such as use integral hoisting technique, the vertical lifting side of window opening module To just with return water slope and drip position generate interference, this be also why at present most of assembled architecture components without Method realizes the main reason for above structure.
Invention content
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of reasonable for structure and practical carry The PC wallboard moulds of window opening module have the advantages of simple form removal, simple and efficient to handle and low manufacture cost, can ensure window While the one-time-concreting molding in hole, realize the prefabricated of framework of steel reinforcement and it is whole enter modulo operation, the making quality of precast wall body and Significant increase can be obtained in efficiency.
To achieve the above object, the utility model uses following technical scheme:
A kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module, including at least four internal lobe wall side moulds enclose the quadro frame constituted The internal lobe wall mold of shape, the region that internal lobe wall mold is enclosed constitute the forming area of the internal lobe wall part of prefabricated panel, and The medial surface of the internal lobe wall mold constitutes the internal lobe wall die cavity face for being molded internal lobe wall part;Phase at the die tip face of internal lobe wall side Answer the siphonal lobe wall side mould of the affixed siphonal lobe wall mold for constituting quadro frame shape;It is characterized in that:At least one internal lobe wall side mould On die cavity face vertical to be recessed with U-shaped locating slot, U-shaped positioning channel opening is towards operating personnel's direction and each U-shaped positioning Slot is sequentially arranged in juxtaposition along the internal lobe wall side mould length direction;This mold further includes for respective end at spacer bar skeleton The locating plate of reinforcing bar, the locating plate shape is in the kidney-shaped straight panel shape for matching U-shaped locating slot vallecular cavity profile, the long side of locating plate Place is recessed with for being caught in and fixed positioning arc slot along locating plate width direction for above-mentioned end reinforcing bar;Locating plate plugged and fixed In in U-shaped locating slot, and the inside plate face of the locating plate and internal lobe wall die cavity face are in the same plane;
This mold further includes the window opening module being arranged in the region that internal lobe wall mold is enclosed, and window opening module shape is in Quadro frame shape, and the outer wall of window opening module constitutes the window opening die cavity face for being molded window opening;In the two of which of window opening module Make one of vertical truncation surface on straight flange parallel to each other and in another two straight flange upper edge verticals parallel to each other to making twice straight flange Truncation surface, to which window opening module is divided into four groups of angle Terminals Dies and two groups of straight flange submodules;The angle terminal die topography is in " L " shape To constitute four angles end of window opening module, in the projection of vertical direction, it is flat that the vertical truncation surface is formed by projection line Row one of blocks the tip direction of angle Terminals Die;Straight flange submodule shape is in isosceles trapezoid platy structure to shape At the long side of window opening module, and two straight flanges of the window opening module where vertical truncation surface constitute the broadside of window opening module;Straight flange Two trapezoidal hypotenuses of mould overlap one by one with above-mentioned straight flange truncation surface, and the trapezoidal bottom edge of straight flange submodule is located at the court of window opening module Side where to operating personnel;
This mold further includes being fixed on the positioning plectane on basal plane and the pipe sleeve as built-in fitting, and the positioning plectane is logical It crosses trip bolt and is fixed on the hole reserved at basal plane;Pipe sleeve caliber and positioning plectane outer diameter are consistent so as to set from top to bottom It connects and is fixed on positioning plectane;It is shelved at pipe sleeve top end face for the pressure being placed on to compressing pipe on basal plane that from top to bottom exerts a force Through hole is axially arranged along pipe sleeve in plate on pressing plate, and trip bolt passes through the through hole and screw thread to be fixed on positioning plectane.
Preferably, the positioning arc slot is arranged at the homonymy of locating plate;Locating plate it is coplanar with internal lobe wall die cavity face Side plate face on arrangement fin and fin both ends it is oppositely extending go out locating plate where plate body, fin extending direction positioned parallel Piece width direction;Using the side plate face for forming internal lobe wall die cavity face of locating plate and internal lobe wall side mould as inside plate face, locating plate Outside plate face at be disposed with locating ring;The axis positioned parallel piece width direction of the locating ring, so that being located at internal lobe wall The locating rod of mould length direction passes through the locating ring on the outside of the mould at plate face and when parallel internal lobe wall, to rely on locating rod and the wing The two-way clamping effect of piece carrys out stationary positioned piece.
Preferably, screw-thread fit has fastening nut, the lower face of fastening nut to push against in pressing plate on the trip bolt At top end face;The pressing plate shape is big in upper diameter and two-period form ladder shaft-like that lower diameter is small, and the minor diameter of pressing plate The caliber of section diameter and pipe sleeve coincide each other;The shaft shoulder seam allowance of pressing plate is matched at the top end face of pipe sleeve.
Preferably, the end of the reduced diameter section of the pressing plate is arranged for facilitating the outer chamfer at insertion tube sleeve end.
Preferably, the formed angle of broadside of the vertical truncation surface and window opening module is 80 °.
Preferably, the straight flange submodule and angle Terminals Die are box like structure of the box mouth towards inside;Each matched angle Installation bolt between Terminals Die and between matched angle Terminals Die and straight flange submodule by being arranged at each submodule box wall It is affixed each other;The window opening module further includes convenient for the auxiliary draft component along vertical to extraction straight flange submodule;The auxiliary is pulled out Membrane module includes draft screw, is provided with the frid of inverted " u " shape, frid where the trapezoidal top margin of the straight flange submodule at box wall Slot bottom at through setting draft threaded hole, screw-thread fit, the ladder of straight flange submodule are constituted between draft screw and the draft threaded hole Be reserved in box wall where shape top margin top for draft screw by preformed hole.
Preferably, vertical internal lobe wall side mould length direction makees cross section, cross-sectional profile " L " word of the internal lobe wall side mould Shape;The side plate face of the vertical plate of internal lobe wall side mould constitutes above-mentioned internal lobe wall die cavity face;With on the level board of internal lobe wall side mould For with the fixing end that the affixed one end in vertical plate top is level board, at the cantilever end of level board vertical to be provided through Leveling threaded hole;Levelling bolt penetrating in the leveling threaded hole and constituting screw-thread fit therewith from top to bottom;Levelling bolt Top is resisted against on basal plane;Each levelling bolt is parallel to each other and is sequentially arranged along internal lobe wall side mould length direction;The level board Setting connects the triangle gusset for reinforcing internal lobe wall side mould rigidity of the two between vertical plate.
Preferably, on the cross section of internal lobe wall side mould, the horizontal direction length of level board is more than the vertical of vertical plate to height Degree.
Preferably, where the relatively close fixing end in level board at plate face vertical to be provided through unthreaded hole, compress Screw from top to bottom penetrate in the unthreaded hole and constitute screw-thread fit, and housing screw between the screw thread coupling hole reserved on basal plane Nut seam allowance be matched at unthreaded hole nose end;Each housing screw is parallel to each other and is sequentially arranged along internal lobe wall side mould length direction.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1), the utility model, which solves, traditional direct carries out framework of steel reinforcement and the operation such as ties up being brought in mould cavity Inefficient operation defect, the internal lobe wall side mould of U type locating slots is carried by the use that looks for another way, it is U-shaped fixed first to rely on Position slot falls into path to avoid out the end reinforcing bar of framework of steel reinforcement, then with the affixed property of the Qian He between locating plate and U-shaped locating slot Ensure that the end one by one to above-mentioned end reinforcing bar positions affixed effect, so realize entire framework of steel reinforcement preprocessing and after Phase integral lifting enters the function of mould.It, can be with pre-production since framework of steel reinforcement no longer needs to the scene processing in mold cavity More frameworks of steel reinforcement, carrying out the later stage when needing again integrally enters modulo operation, and the producing efficiency of precast wall body obviously can be obtained Significant increase.
In addition, it is contemplated that many precast wall bodies are all necessarily equipped with window opening at present, and therefore, the utility model is to window opening module Also corresponding structure has been carried out to improve.Among the above, the utility model uses knockdown window opening modular construction, by by window opening Module is blocked with vertical guide, to obtain each submodule structure.When needed, pass through the split of each submodule, you can easily Combination forms required window opening module.What is more important, for needing to arrange the window being mutually parallel for returning water slope and drip The upper edge and lower edge in hole are only blocked once by vertical truncation surface, in other words, when each form removal, return the mould of water slope and drip Chamber always finally carries out horizontal dismountable again, to ensure to return the Forming Quality of water slope and drip.And for no drip and return water The window opening left side wall and right side wall on slope are then blocked by straight flange truncation surface even more twice.When needed, pass through edge first Vertical to and straight flange submodule of dismantling, to reserve the activity space of angle Terminals Die horizontally;Carry out one of angle end afterwards again Angle Terminals Die horizontal direction and then is pulled away inner corner trim by submodule along the horizontal direction sliding movement of vertical truncation surface.Due to aforesaid operations, The concrete disrepair phenomenon of internal corner part at window opening is can effectively avoid, reduces and even removes later stage rehabilitation cost from.Meanwhile and due to The action that pulls away of above-mentioned angle Terminals Die is the parallel projection direction for returning water slope and drip, therefore can also be achieved and return water at window opening The one-pass molding effect of slope and drip.
For the mould of internal lobe wall side, it has been designed to special cantilever design by the utility model.It is steady with common structure Fixed cubic cylindricality side mould is different, the internal lobe wall side mould of the triangle of cantilevered construction, inherently exists not when individually placed Stability.In actual use, four internal lobe wall side moulds abut against each other to form four boxes with cantilever-shaped triangular prism shape construction The internal lobe wall mold of rack-like is protected at this time due to the supportive of affixed property and levelling bolt between the mould of each internal lobe wall side Demonstrate,prove the stability and reliability of unitary mould work.When needing form removal, the affixed cooperation of four internal lobe wall side intermodes is first removed And corresponding fastening member, levelling bolt is turned later.The gently suspension end of the level board for beaing internal lobe wall side mould from top to bottom, The internal lobe wall side mould can be due to the unstability of self structure along direction generation overturning is beaten, and overturning pivot is the bottom of vertical plate End.When generating above-mentioned rotary movement, the top of the vertical plate of internal lobe wall side mould can continuously decrease, and carry out draft behaviour again at this time Make, the top of the vertical plate of internal lobe wall side mould would not scratch right over siphonal lobe wall part, so-called siphonal lobe is also just not present The Structural Faults situation at the positions such as insulating layer at wall, the Forming Quality of siphonal lobe wall can be effectively ensured.
Certain needs are carried out with the occasion of preserved pipeline hole arrangement in precast wall body, the utility model is individually designed Preserved pipeline system.The system includes reserving to portal on basal plane, and positioning plectane is fixed at the hole, to realize positioning The positioning of plectane is affixed.Later, pipe sleeve is inserted in positioning plectane, and shelves pressing plate above pipe sleeve.It is tight by trip bolt Solid pressure plate and positioning plectane, to realize substrate hold-down function from top to bottom of the pressing plate to pipe sleeve.At this point, the axial displacement quilt of pipe sleeve Pressing plate and basal plane are limited, and the radial action of pipe sleeve is then constrained by the pressing plate of positioning plectane or even ladder shaft-like, therefore no matter How by external force, pipe sleeve not will produce additional deflection action, this makes the preserved pipeline hole site of final molding extremely Accurately, customer requirement can effectively be met.
2), on the cross section of internal lobe wall side mould, the horizontal direction length of level board is more than the vertical of vertical plate to highly.It changes Yan Zhi, when triangular shape cross section is collectively formed in level board, vertical plate and the triangle gusset for forming internal lobe wall side mould, internal lobe wall side The center of gravity of mould should be more biased towards the cantilever end of level board.In this way, in form removal, only need less power that internal lobe wall side mould can be realized Rapid turnover, further promotion obviously can be obtained in operating efficiency.
3) it, in fact, when carrying out the fixed operation of locating plate, should follow:Prefabricated matching internal lobe wall mold cavity Framework of steel reinforcement;Framework of steel reinforcement is moved into the cavity of internal lobe wall mold;By the positioning arc slot of each locating plate one by one be caught in correspondence Framework of steel reinforcement end reinforcing bar on;After locating plate is caught in, by locating plate along end reinforcing bar extending direction and to U-shaped Locating slot direction is slided, until locating plate enters U-shaped locating slot vallecular cavity.It, can be by all when locating plate enters in U-shaped locating slot Multimode carries out the fastening of the two:The two is directly such as fastened by reserved bolt, or even by the modes such as being bonded or welded Both carry out affixed etc., need to only ensure when carrying out cement and pouring, vibrate and harden, locating plate cannot relatively U-shaped locating slot produce Raw sliding movement, so that it is guaranteed that pouring the high-quality of rear pre-formed cavity.The utility model preferably uses fin and positioning On the one hand the fit structure of bar realizes seam allowance fiting effect from inside to outside with fin;Another aspect then with locating rod and is determined The cooperation of position ring to tense locating plate in outside, to realize that the two-way clamping to locating plate fastens purpose together with fin.And It is because locating plate is unlikely to be and individually adopts why using locating rod and external built-in structure of the locating ring as locating plate With, and often arranged more than ten or even tens on the mould of same a internal lobe wall side;As a result of positioning ring design, a positioning Bar can be also cross several even all of locating rings, using upper obviously extremely efficient and convenient, and location efficiency is high.
4), as the further preferred scheme of said program, the window opening module of the utility model is actually with drip And for broadside and using left side wall and right side wall as the rectangular frame structure of long side, which is also window opening on edge where returning water slope Conventional shape.By the way that straight flange submodule is designed as isosceles trapezoid construction, in form removal, directly straight flange submodule vertical is extracted upwards .The structure feature of the isosceles trapezoidal structure of straight flange submodule and the trapezoidal bottom edge of straight flange submodule upward, can effectively carry Rise the efficiency and convenience of entire form removal operation.It is preferred that vertical truncation surface and the formed angle of broadside of window opening module are 80 °, The angle can be more convenient the stripping operation of straight flange submodule relative angle Terminals Die, and it is apparently more convenient to operate.
5), since the lateral wall of window opening module is die cavity face, in other words, such as want the rigidity for increasing window opening module itself, Ensure that window opening module can resist the power that cement is poured and bestowed when hardening, is used for reinforcement window opening module stiffness by itself at this time The components such as support plate should all be arranged at the madial wall of window opening module.It is preferred that each submodule for constituting window opening module is both designed as Box like structure, cassette bottom is to constitute the part in above-mentioned die cavity face, and box wall is then constituted for being fitted to each other or coordinating basal plane at this time Mating surface, to ensure the reliability of overall work.
6), consider that window opening module weight is extremely heavy, even if being split as still having certain matter if each submodule of several submodules Amount is added in form removal, the power that window opening module can be extracted again by the corresponding submodule of obstruction bestowed after hardening of cement, therefore, The utility model especially arranges auxiliary draft component.In actual use, dismounting straight flange submodule matches with angle terminal intermode first The bolt of conjunction turns draft screw later, using draft screw with respect to basal plane top lift, to by straight flange submodule vertical to It is lifted off basal plane, is finally reached the auxiliary draft effect for straight flange submodule.
7) on the one hand, levelling bolt plays the function of support internal lobe wall side mould, on the other hand, also function to certain internal The levelling function of the sides Ye Qiang mould, to ensure the vertical in internal lobe wall die cavity face.And housing screw, then it is used to ensure internal lobe wall side mould The abutting of opposite basal plane avoids not dry cement from generating leakage shape along the gap of internal lobe wall side mould and basal plane under pressure Condition to promote the reliability of precast wall body casting process, and effectively ensures the Forming Quality of precast wall body, reduce the later stage repair at This.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the dimensional structure diagram of locating plate;
Fig. 3 is the assembled state stereogram of the relatively U-shaped locating slot of locating plate;
Fig. 4 is the dimensional structure diagram of window opening module;
Fig. 5 is the parts the I partial enlarged view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the front view of window opening module;
Fig. 7 is the Structure explosion diagram of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the dimensional structure diagram for removing the internal lobe wall side mould after levelling bolt and housing screw;
Fig. 9 is the end view of internal lobe wall side mould;
Figure 10 is action state schematic diagram when being produced from rotary movement of internal lobe wall side mould;
Figure 11 is the assembly state diagram of pipe sleeve, pressing plate and positioning plectane with respect to basal plane.
The practical correspondence of each label of the utility model and component names is as follows:
A- vertical truncation surface b- straight flange truncation surfaces c- returns water slope mould d- and drips channel mould
10- internal lobe walls side mould 10a-U type locating slots
11- vertical plate 12- level boards
12a- leveling threaded hole 12b- levelling bolt 12c- housing screw 12d- unthreaded holes
13- triangle gussets
20- siphonal lobe walls side mould 30- locating plates 31- positions arc slot 32- fin 33- locating rings
The angles 40- window opening module 41- Terminals Die 42- straight flange submodule 42a- preformed holes
43- installation bolt 44- draft screw 45- frid 45a- draft threaded holes
51- pipe sleeves 52- positions plectane 53- trip bolt 54- pressing plate 55- fastening nuts
Specific implementation mode
For ease of understanding, here in connection with attached drawing 1-11, concrete structure to the utility model and working method make it is following into One step describes:
The utility model concrete structure referring to Fig.1 shown in comprising internal lobe wall mold, for being arranged in internal lobe wall mold Window opening module 40 in die cavity and the siphonal lobe wall mold at internal lobe wall die tip face.Window opening module 40 when in use with Internal lobe wall mold is the same, equal horizontal direction is lain against in a certain die face, herein refers to the die face with " basal plane ".And institute later " vertical direction " of description, namely the vertically direction of the basal plane.When window opening module 40 and internal lobe wall mold are integrally as shown in Figure 1 When being put on basal plane, the space between window opening module 40 and internal lobe wall mold is formed " returning " the shape channel-shaped poured for cement Internal lobe wall casting area.Since siphonal lobe wall mold is stacked on internal lobe wall mold, when above-mentioned internal lobe wall casting area is poured Build it is full after, when being further continued for pouring, as siphonal lobe wall part pours operation.After the completion of hardening of cement in above-mentioned casting area, Remove siphonal lobe wall mold, window opening module 40 and internal lobe wall mold, you can obtain the precast wall body with window opening.
For ease of description, for using common rectangular precast wall body and rectangle window opening herein, the utility model is practical When operation, emphasis includes following components:
1), entirety enters mode structure
The entirety enters mode structure referring to Fig.1 shown in -3 and Fig. 8.By from vertical at the top end face of internal lobe wall side mould 10 to Under be recessed with the U-shaped locating slot 10a of connection internal lobe wall side mould 10, to facilitate the end reinforcing bar of prefabricated framework of steel reinforcement can one One corresponding falls into corresponding U-shaped locating slot 10a.Meanwhile ad hoc locating plate 30 shown in Fig. 2, with locating plate 30 and U Affixed property is fitted into ensure the affixed effect of positioning one by one to above-mentioned end reinforcing bar between type locating slot 10a, and then is realized whole The external preprocessing of a framework of steel reinforcement and later stage integral lifting enter the function of mould.
When carrying out the fixed operation of locating plate 30, should follow:The framework of steel reinforcement of prefabricated matching internal lobe wall mold cavity; Framework of steel reinforcement is moved into the cavity of internal lobe wall mold;By the positioning arc slot 31 of each locating plate 30 one by one be caught in corresponding steel On the end reinforcing bar of tendons skeleton;After locating plate 30 is caught in, by locating plate 30 along end reinforcing bar extending direction and to U-shaped fixed The position directions slot 10a sliding, until locating plate 30 enters U-shaped locating slot 10a vallecular cavities.Locating plate 30 is matched with U-shaped locating slot 10a's Conjunction state can refer to shown in Fig. 3.
For the concrete structure of locating plate 30, as Figure 2-3, the utility model preferably uses fin 32 and determines On the one hand the fit structure of position bar realizes seam allowance fiting effect from inside to outside, on the other hand then with locating rod with fin 32 Cooperation with locating ring 33 to tense locating plate 30 in outside, to realize the two-way clamping to locating plate 30 together with fin 32 Fastening effect.And why using locating rod and external built-in structure of the locating ring 33 as locating plate 30, it is because of locating plate 30 are unlikely to be single use, and are often arranged more than ten or even tens on same a internal lobe wall side mould 10, as a result of Locating ring 33 designs, and a locating rod can be also cross several even all of locating rings 33, using upper obviously extremely fast Victory is convenient, and location efficiency is high.
2), window opening module
For ease of description, for using common rectangle window opening herein, corresponding 40 shape of window opening module is rectangle Frame-like, specifically as shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 4-7.For realize window opening module 40 Quick Release and to the protectiveness of inner corner trim, pass through by The broadside of window opening module 40 blocks once, and long side is blocked at least twice, to obtain six to eight pieces of corresponding submodule.It is specific extremely to scheme In structure shown in 4-7, broadside is truncated primary and long side is truncated twice, straight to obtain four groups of angle Terminals Dies 41 and two groups Side submodule 42.Due to the long side of the window opening module 40 residing for straight flange submodule 42 need not additionally be arranged such as return water slope mould c and Drip channel mould d, therefore no matter is truncated several times.In view of facilitating quick extraction of the straight flange submodule 42 along vertical direction, need Straight flange submodule 42 is designed as to isosceles trapezoid construction as Figure 4-Figure 6.The broadside of window opening module 40 is due to needing to form window The upper edge and lower edge in hole, and the arrangement at the upper edge and lower edge is needed to return water slope and drip, therefore only blocked by vertical Face a and block primary, as shown in Figure 4 return water slope mould c and the channel mould d that drips to be arranged at the broadside of window opening module 40. Vertical truncation surface a and the angle of above-mentioned broadside are 80 °, to facilitate angle Terminals Die 41 to make horizontal draft along the horizontal direction of parallel basal plane Action.
On the basis of the said structure, as shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 4-5, the utility model is also on the trapezoidal top of straight flange submodule 42 Auxiliary draft component is disposed at side namely at a side of the cooperation basal plane of straight flange submodule 42, in order to which straight flange submodule 42 exists Basal plane can be rapidly separated when form removal.Draft component is assisted to be closed by the corresponding threaded holes at draft screw 44 and frid 45, from And it relies on feed screw nut's effect of draft screw 44 and exerts a force to basal plane.Since basal plane is constant motionless, basal plane can produce at this time Raw reaction force is in draft screw 44, you can the straight flange submodule 42 with 44 one of draft screw is driven to generate stripping action.
3), from overturning structure
When reverse mould due to being normally carried out internal lobe wall and siphonal lobe wall operates, it is formed by both sides and the top dimension of siphonal lobe wall It is necessarily bigger 5-30cm than the corresponding side of internal lobe wall and top dimension.It is relatively outer to avoid the occurrence of the internal lobe wall side mould 10 when form removal Leaf wall has more the thermal insulation material of part or even the scraping situation of wall, therefore just devises being tied from overturning for internal lobe wall side mould 10 Structure.Specifically, as shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 8-10, four internal lobe wall side moulds 10 are supported with cantilever-shaped triangular prism shape construction each other By to form the internal lobe wall mold of quadro frame shape, at this time due to the affixed property and leveling spiral shell between each internal lobe wall side mould 10 The supportive for following closely 12b is able to ensure the stability and reliability of unitary mould work.Leveling spiral shell joined together by levelling bolt 12b Unthreaded hole 12d joined together by pit 12a and housing screw 12c is arranged with reference to shown in Fig. 8.For in general orientation, due to Housing screw 12c needs to compress internal lobe wall side mould 10, therefore at the die cavity face of opposite close internal lobe wall side mould 10;And leveling spiral shell On the one hand nail 12b is necessary to ensure that the placement stability of triangular prism columnar internal lobe wall side mould 10, on the other hand it is also to be ensured that internal lobe The vertical in die cavity face at wall side mould 10, therefore be close to as possible at the suspension end of level board 12.
When needing form removal, siphonal lobe wall side mould 20 is first removed, the affixed cooperation between removing four internal lobe wall side moulds 10, it After turn levelling bolt 12b.The gently suspension end of the level board 12 for beaing internal lobe wall side mould 10 from top to bottom, the internal lobe wall side The meeting of mould 10 edge due to the unstability of self structure beats direction and generates rotary movement as shown in Figure 9, and overturning pivot is lead The bottom end of vertical plate.When generating above-mentioned rotary movement, the top of the vertical plate 11 of internal lobe wall side mould 10 can continuously decrease, at this time Carry out draft operation again, the top of the vertical plate 11 of internal lobe wall side mould 10 would not scratch right over siphonal lobe wall and thermal insulation material Part, also just there is no the Structural Faults situation at the positions such as so-called siphonal lobe wall and thermal insulation material, now referring to shown in Fig. 9, The Forming Quality of entire precast wall body can be effectively ensured.The dotted portion of Fig. 9 is siphonal lobe wall, thermal insulation material and internal lobe wall Profile schematic lines.
4), built-in fitting positioning component
Assembled type concrete prefabricated part, including above-mentioned precast wall body need to supply water in design and production process The pipe hole of the installations such as electric equipment pipeline is pre-designed in concrete component, so that the later stage assembles.Above-mentioned preserved pipeline hole is logical It is molded frequently with built-in fitting.Carry out cement pour, vibrate, receive photo-hardening during, it is desirable that built-in fitting cannot generate displacement, To ensure the location accuracy of pipeline after being molded.In view of this, the also individually designed built-in fitting positioning component of the utility model, tool Body is as follows:
As shown in figure 11, which includes pipe sleeve 51, positioning plectane 52, trip bolt 53 and pressing plate 54.From it is traditional it is direct pipe sleeve 51 is fixed on by force it is different on basal plane, the utility model first will positioning 52 screw thread of plectane it is tight It is fixed in the specified location of basal plane, then pipe sleeve 51 is plugged on positioning plectane 52.Later, pipe sleeve 51 is inserted in positioning plectane 52, and pressing plate 54 is shelved above pipe sleeve 51.Come between clam member 54 and positioning plectane 52 by trip bolt 53, to real Substrate hold-down function from top to bottom of the existing pressing plate 54 to pipe sleeve 51.Due to the key and pressure of the outer diameter of positioning plectane 52, pipe sleeve 51 The reduced diameter section outer diameter of plate 54 is consistent with each other, and so far, the axial displacement of pipe sleeve 51 is limited by pressing plate 54 and basal plane, pipe sleeve 51 radial action is then constrained by positioning plectane 52 or even the pressing plate of ladder shaft-like 54, therefore anyway by external force, pipe Set 51 not will produce additional deflection action, this makes the preserved pipeline hole site of final molding extremely accurate, can effectively expire Sufficient customer requirement.It, can one fastening nut 55 of screw-thread fit again, reference on trip bolt 53 in view of using upper convenience Shown in Figure 11, the substrate hold-down function to 54 top end part of pressing plate is realized to make fastening nut 55 replace the nut of trip bolt 53.
To sum up, the utility model has the advantages of simple form removal, simple and efficient to handle and low manufacture cost.Practical operation When, framework of steel reinforcement can be processed individually, then the later stage integrally enters in internal lobe wall mold, and by locating plate 30 and U locating slots 10a's Coordinate to realize that its entirety enters mould and exact position fixed effect, then carries out the installation of siphonal lobe wall mold, the system of precast wall body afterwards Significant increase can be obtained as efficiency.Arrange in pairs or groups corresponding window opening module 40, from switching mechanism and built-in fitting positioning component, can effectively expire The modern production demand for fast pace, high efficiency and the high-quality that sufficient Vehicles Collected from Market is advocated.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module, including at least four internal lobe wall side moulds (10) enclose four boxes constituted The internal lobe wall mold of rack-like, the region that internal lobe wall mold is enclosed constitute the forming area of the internal lobe wall part of prefabricated panel, And the medial surface of the internal lobe wall mold constitutes the internal lobe wall die cavity face for being molded internal lobe wall part;Internal lobe wall side mould (10) top The siphonal lobe wall side mould (20) of the corresponding affixed siphonal lobe wall mold for constituting quadro frame shape at face;It is characterized in that:It is at least interior together On the die cavity face of the sides Ye Qiang mould (10) vertical to be recessed with U-shaped locating slot (10a), U-shaped locating slot (10a) opening is towards operation Personnel's direction and each U-shaped locating slot (10a) is sequentially arranged in juxtaposition along internal lobe wall side mould (10) length direction;This mold Further include the locating plate (30) for respective end reinforcing bar at spacer bar skeleton, locating plate (30) shape is U-shaped in matching The kidney-shaped straight panel shape of locating slot (10a) vallecular cavity profile is recessed at the long side of locating plate (30) for supplying above-mentioned end reinforcing bar It is caught in and fixed positioning arc slot (31) along locating plate (30) width direction;Locating plate (30) plugged and fixed is in U-shaped locating slot In (10a), and the inside plate face of the locating plate (30) and internal lobe wall die cavity face are in the same plane;
This mold further includes the window opening module (40) being arranged in the region that internal lobe wall mold is enclosed, and window opening module (40) is outside Shape is in quadro frame shape, and the outer wall of window opening module (40) constitutes the window opening die cavity face for being molded window opening;In window opening module (40) make one of vertical truncation surface on two of which straight flange parallel to each other and in another two straight flange upper edge lead parallel to each other It is vertical to make twice straight flange truncation surface, to which window opening module (40) is divided into four groups of angle Terminals Dies (41) and two groups of straight flange submodules (42);Angle Terminals Die (41) shape in " L " shape to constitute four angles end of window opening module (40), in vertical direction In projection, it is signified that the vertical truncation surface is formed by the parallel tip for one of blocking angle Terminals Die (41) of projection line Direction;Straight flange submodule (42) shape is in isosceles trapezoid platy structure to form the long side of window opening module (40), and vertical blocks Two straight flanges of the window opening module (40) where face constitute the broadside of window opening module (40);Two trapezoidal hypotenuses of straight flange submodule (42) Overlapped one by one with above-mentioned straight flange truncation surface, and the trapezoidal bottom edge of straight flange submodule (42) be located at window opening module (40) towards operator Side where member;
This mold further includes the positioning plectane (52) being fixed on basal plane and the pipe sleeve (51) as built-in fitting, the setting circle Plate (52) is fixed in by trip bolt (53) on the hole reserved at basal plane;Pipe sleeve (51) caliber and positioning plectane (52) outer diameter Unanimously so as to being fixed by socket in positioning plectane (52) from top to bottom;It is shelved at pipe sleeve (51) top end face for from top to bottom Force is axially arranged on pressing plate (54) and runs through along pipe sleeve (51) to compress pipe sleeve (51) in the pressing plate (54) on basal plane Hole, trip bolt (53) pass through the through hole and screw thread to be fixed on positioning plectane (52).
2. a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The positioning arc slot (31) it is arranged at the homonymy of locating plate (30);It is arranged in the side plate face coplanar with internal lobe wall die cavity face of locating plate (30) The both ends of fin (32) and fin (32) it is oppositely extending go out locating plate where plate body, fin (32) extending direction positioned parallel piece (30) width direction;Using the side plate face for forming internal lobe wall die cavity face of locating plate (30) and internal lobe wall side mould (10) as interior plate Face is disposed with locating ring (33) at the outside plate face of locating plate (30);The axis positioned parallel piece (30) of the locating ring (33) Width direction, so that positioned at the positioning of internal lobe wall mould (10) length direction at plate face and when parallel internal lobe wall on the outside of the mould (10) Bar passes through the locating ring (33), to carry out stationary positioned piece (30) by locating rod and the two-way clamping effect of fin (32).
3. a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The trip bolt (53) screw-thread fit has fastening nut (55), the lower face of fastening nut (55) to push against at the top end face of pressing plate on;The pressure Plate (54) shape is big in upper diameter and two-period form ladder shaft-like that lower diameter is small, and the reduced diameter section diameter of pressing plate (54) with The caliber of pipe sleeve (51) coincide each other;The shaft shoulder seam allowance of pressing plate (54) is matched at the top end face of pipe sleeve (51).
4. a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The pressing plate (54) Reduced diameter section end arrangement for facilitate be inserted into pipe sleeve (51) pipe end at outer chamfer.
5. a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:Institute It is 80 ° to state vertical truncation surface and the formed angle of broadside of window opening module (40).
6. a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:Institute It is box like structure of the box mouth towards inside that straight flange submodule (42), which is stated, with angle Terminals Die (41);Each matched angle Terminals Die (41) Between and matched angle Terminals Die (41) and straight flange submodule (42) between pass through the installation spiral shell that is arranged at each submodule box wall Bolt (43) is affixed each other;The window opening module (40) further includes convenient for the auxiliary draft group along vertical to extraction straight flange submodule (42) Part;The auxiliary draft component includes draft screw (44), is arranged at box wall where the trapezoidal top margin of the straight flange submodule (42) Have a frid (45) of inverted " u " shape, through setting draft threaded hole (45a) at the slot bottom of frid (45), draft screw (44) with Screw-thread fit is constituted between the draft threaded hole (45a), is reserved with for draft in box wall where the trapezoidal top margin of straight flange submodule (42) The top of screw (44) by preformed hole (42a).
7. a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:It hangs down Straight internal lobe wall side mould (10) length direction makees cross section, cross-sectional profile " L " shape of the internal lobe wall side mould (10);Internal lobe wall side The side plate face of the vertical plate (11) of mould (10) constitutes above-mentioned internal lobe wall die cavity face;With the level board (12) of internal lobe wall side mould (10) On for the fixing end that the affixed one end in vertical plate (11) top is level board (12), lead at the cantilever end of level board (12) Vertical is provided through leveling threaded hole (12a);Levelling bolt (12b) from top to bottom penetrate the leveling threaded hole (12a) It is interior and constitute screw-thread fit therewith;The top of levelling bolt (12b) is resisted against on basal plane;Each levelling bolt (12b) is parallel to each other And it is sequentially arranged along internal lobe wall side mould (10) length direction;Setting connects the use of the two between the level board (12) and vertical plate In the triangle gusset (13) for reinforcing internal lobe wall side mould (10) rigidity.
8. a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterised in that: On the cross section of internal lobe wall side mould (10), the horizontal direction length of level board (12) is more than the vertical of vertical plate (11) to highly.
9. a kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterised in that: Where the relatively close fixing end of level board at plate face vertical to be provided through unthreaded hole (12d), housing screw (12c) is by upper Penetrating in the unthreaded hole (12d) under and and constitute screw-thread fit, and housing screw between the screw thread coupling hole reserved on basal plane The nut seam allowance of (12c) is matched at unthreaded hole (12d) nose end;Each housing screw (12c) is parallel to each other and along internal lobe wall side mould (10) length direction is sequentially arranged.
CN201720797643.2U 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 PC wallboard moulds with window opening module Active CN207954212U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107415029A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-12-01 安徽宝业建工集团有限公司 A kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module
CN110978255A (en) * 2019-09-03 2020-04-10 安徽企服工程技术有限公司 PC wallboard mold for prefabricated building with pre-embedded window frame and pre-embedded waterproof adhesive tape

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107415029A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-12-01 安徽宝业建工集团有限公司 A kind of PC wallboard moulds with window opening module
CN110978255A (en) * 2019-09-03 2020-04-10 安徽企服工程技术有限公司 PC wallboard mold for prefabricated building with pre-embedded window frame and pre-embedded waterproof adhesive tape
CN110978255B (en) * 2019-09-03 2021-04-27 安徽企服工程技术有限公司 PC wallboard mold for prefabricated building with pre-embedded window frame and pre-embedded waterproof adhesive tape

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