CN207256491U - Detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module - Google Patents

Detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207256491U
CN207256491U CN201720797627.3U CN201720797627U CN207256491U CN 207256491 U CN207256491 U CN 207256491U CN 201720797627 U CN201720797627 U CN 201720797627U CN 207256491 U CN207256491 U CN 207256491U
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China
Prior art keywords
mould
window opening
lobe wall
internal lobe
opening module
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CN201720797627.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李建来
邵徽斌
孙效明
高则炎
左文生
袁韬
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Lixin Baocheng construction industrialization Co.,Ltd.
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Anhui Baoye Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to building product technical field, and in particular to a kind of detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module.This mould includes four internal lobe wall side moulds and locating plate:The die cavity face of internal lobe wall side mould is concavely provided with U-shaped locating slot;Recessed positioning arc groove at the long side of locating plate, locating plate plugged and fixed is in U-shaped locating slot;This mould further includes window opening module, and window opening module is divided into four groups of angle Terminals Dies and two groups of straight flange submodules;In the projection of vertical, the tip direction for parallel the blocked one of angle Terminals Die of projection line that vertical truncation surface is formed;Cross-sectional profile " L " shape of internal lobe wall side mould.This mould possesses the advantages of simple form removal, simple and efficient to handle and low manufacture cost, can while the one-time-concreting for ensuring window opening is molded, realize framework of steel reinforcement it is prefabricated, overall enter mould and Quick Release modulo operation, the producing efficiency of precast wall body can obtain significant increase.

Description

Detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module
Technical field
The utility model belongs to building product technical field, and in particular to a kind of detachable PC wallboards with window opening module Mould.
Background technology
In recent years, as economic development, building trade increasingly pay attention to energy consumption, environmental pollution.In building field The architecture construction of traditional reinforced concrete structure, often using based on situ wet operation, this mode of construction will not only consume largely Timber does end template and backing material, and energy consumption is big, low construction efficiency, the construction time is long, produces noise and dust, while right Surrounding environment has larger pollution.Therefore, in recent years, building field starts to introduce the concept of modularized house.Modularized house is not Be same as traditional building construction, many structures of usual modularized house as used in being built house precast beam, precast wall body, Precast stair etc., can shift to an earlier date and be machined in plant produced line.In use, directly above-mentioned prefabricated components are transported to construction site It is cast-in-place that assembly is carried out afterwards, finally connects into building.Modularized house possesses environmental protection, the pollution for reducing site operation, construction effect The characteristics of rate is high, can be one of preferred embodiment of house construction of modernization in the construction compared with completion house in casual labourer's phase.
In foregoing every prefabricated components, precast wall body is essential critical component.Tradition is carrying out dry wall When system is made, all using the first wiretie skeleton directly in internal lobe wall mould, then the mode that later stage cement pours.Aforesaid operations Mode has problems in that:First, due to when each precast wall body manufactures, being required for making steel in internal lobe wall mould Tendons skeleton so that the producing efficiency of precast wall body is relatively low.Second, the current more structure using sandwich heat preservation wallboard of PC walls, The both sides of siphonal lobe wallboard in the interlayer structure and top dimension all exceed internal lobe wallboard 5-30cm, and should be needed beyond part exposed Thermal insulation material.All it is each internal lobe wall side for first dismantling composition internal lobe wall mould when tradition carries out the form removal operation of internal lobe wall mould Mould, then each internal lobe wall side mould is directly subjected to horizontal direction dragging along basal plane.Above-mentioned forceps horizontal pulling action, can cause internal lobe wall side Mould directly scrapes above-mentioned thermal insulation material, or even can scrape damage the above-mentioned of siphonal lobe wallboard and exceed part, causes the quality of precast wall body to lack Fall into.Third, prefabricated panel is not only in itself a monoblock plate body, often it is required for being reserved for the external part placement such as pipeline thereon Groove or circular hole.When carrying out precast wall body making habitually in the past, all directly the built-in fittings such as pipe are banded on framework of steel reinforcement, or will be pre- Embedded part is positioned over after basal plane axially to be penetrated bolt and is fastened at the threaded hole reserved on basal plane again, corresponding to be obtained after form removal Pipe hole or the corresponding tank circuit.However, under active force caused by pouring, vibrate and harden in cement, built-in fitting often occurs Displacement situation, cause the groove after final molding or circular hole displacement problem occur.Finally, the precast wall body with window opening is public The complex component of the production method recognized.Window opening module traditional at present is all directly correspond to window shape to be formed one Body mould, such as when window opening is cuboid, window opening module is integrally " mouth " word frame like structure, and so on.Above-mentioned construction Window opening module have problems in that:After window opening module is put into the die cavity of internal lobe wall mould, the laying of framework of steel reinforcement and water Mud pours to carry out in the space between window opening module and internal lobe wall mould.After the completion of hardening of cement and need to carry out window opening During the dismounting of module, just window opening module must be extracted along vertical by vertical lifting machine.Since window opening appearance is usual Possess substantial amounts of turning (also known as inner corner trim), cause during vertical lifting because window opening module and cement pull with stress concentration effect and Cause window opening turning damaged, it is final so that the appearance of precast wall body produces defect.Once the above-mentioned open defect of generation, can only just lead to Later phase reparing process is repaired, and virtually also increases the cost of manufacture of precast wall body.In addition, window opening is simultaneously at present Not exclusively simple smooth hole body, by taking rectangle window opening as an example, needs along the drip for needing setting groove-like, lower edge thereon Rectangular-shaped with inclined plane of arrangement returns water slope.Obvious, such as use integral hoisting technique, the vertical lifting side of window opening module To just with return water slope and drip position produce interference, this be also why at present most of assembled architecture components without Method realizes the main reason for said structure.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of rational in infrastructure and practical carries The detachable PC wallboard moulds of window opening module, it possesses the advantages of simple form removal, simple and efficient to handle and low manufacture cost, can be While ensuring the one-time-concreting shaping of window opening, realize that prefabricated, the entirety of framework of steel reinforcement enter mould and Quick Release modulo operation, dry wall The producing efficiency of body can obtain significant increase.
To achieve the above object, the utility model employs following technical scheme:
A kind of detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module, including at least four internal lobe wall side moulds enclose four formed The internal lobe wall mould of square frame rack-like, the region that internal lobe wall mould is enclosed form the shaping area of the internal lobe wall part of prefabricated panel Domain, and the medial surface of the internal lobe wall mould forms the internal lobe wall die cavity face for being used for being molded internal lobe wall part;Internal lobe wall side die tip The siphonal lobe wall side mould of the corresponding affixed siphonal lobe wall mould for forming quadro frame shape at face;It is characterized in that:At least one of internal lobe wall On the die cavity face of side mould vertical to be recessed with U-shaped locating slot, U-shaped positioning channel opening is towards direction where operating personnel and each U Type locating slot is sequentially arranged in juxtaposition along the internal lobe wall side mould length direction;This mould is further included for phase at spacer bar skeleton The locating plate of end reinforcing bar is answered, the locating plate shape is in match the kidney-shaped straight panel shape of U-shaped locating slot vallecular cavity profile, locating plate The positioning arc groove for being caught in and fixing along locating plate width for above-mentioned end reinforcing bar is recessed with long side;Locating plate is inserted Connect and be fixed in U-shaped locating slot, and the inner side plate face of the locating plate and internal lobe wall die cavity face are in the same plane;
This mould further includes the window opening module being arranged in the region that internal lobe wall mould is enclosed, and window opening module shape is in Quadro frame shape, and the outer wall of window opening module forms the window opening die cavity face for being used for being molded window opening;In the two of which of window opening module Make one of vertical truncation surface on straight flange parallel to each other and on another two straight flanges parallel to each other along vertical to making twice straight flange Truncation surface, so that window opening module is divided into four groups of angle Terminals Dies and two groups of straight flange submodules;The angle terminal die topography is in " L " shape So as to form four angles end of window opening module, in the projection of vertical, the projection line that the vertical truncation surface is formed is put down The tip direction for one of angle Terminals Die that row is blocked;Straight flange submodule shape is in isosceles trapezoid platy structure so as to shape Into the long side of window opening module, and two straight flanges of the window opening module where vertical truncation surface form the broadside of window opening module;Straight flange Two trapezoidal hypotenuses of mould overlap one by one with above-mentioned straight flange truncation surface, and the trapezoidal base of straight flange submodule is located at the court of window opening module Side where to operating personnel;
Vertical internal lobe wall side mould length direction makees cross section, cross-sectional profile " L " shape of the internal lobe wall side mould;Internal lobe wall The side plate face of the vertical plate of side mould forms above-mentioned internal lobe wall die cavity face;With on the level board of internal lobe wall side mould be used for and vertical The affixed one end in plate top is the fixing end of level board, at the cantilever end of level board vertical to be provided through leveling screw thread Hole;Levelling bolt penetrating in the leveling threaded hole and forming thread fitting therewith from top to bottom;The top of levelling bolt against In on basal plane;Each levelling bolt is parallel to each other and is sequentially arranged along internal lobe wall side mould length direction;The level board and vertical plate Between set connection both be used for strengthen the triangle gusset of internal lobe wall side mould rigidity.
Preferably, the positioning arc groove is arranged at the homonymy of locating plate;Locating plate it is coplanar with internal lobe wall die cavity face Side plate face on arrange fin and fin both ends it is oppositely extending go out plate body, fin extending direction positioned parallel where locating plate Piece width;Using the side plate face for forming internal lobe wall die cavity face of locating plate and internal lobe wall side mould as inner side plate face, locating plate Outside plate face at be disposed with locating ring;The axis positioned parallel piece width of the locating ring, so that being located at internal lobe wall While the locating rod of mould length direction passes through the locating ring on the outside of mould at plate face and during parallel internal lobe wall, so that by locating rod and the wing The two-way clamping effect of piece carrys out stationary positioned piece.
Preferably, it is 80 ° that the broadside of the vertical truncation surface and window opening module, which forms angle,.
Preferably, on the cross section of internal lobe wall side mould, the horizontal direction length of level board is more than the vertical of vertical plate to height Degree.
Preferably, the straight flange submodule and angle Terminals Die are box like structure of the box mouth towards inner side;Each matched angle Installation bolt between Terminals Die and between matched angle Terminals Die and straight flange submodule by being arranged at each submodule box wall It is affixed each other;The window opening module is further included easy to the auxiliary draft component along vertical to extraction straight flange submodule;The auxiliary is pulled out Membrane module includes draft screw, is provided with the frid of inverted " u " shape, frid where the trapezoidal top margin of the straight flange submodule at box wall Slot bottom at through set draft threaded hole, thread fitting, the ladder of straight flange submodule are formed between draft screw and the draft threaded hole Where shape top margin the preformed hole passed through for the top of draft screw is reserved with box wall.
Preferably, where the relatively close fixing end in level board at plate face vertical to be provided through unthreaded hole, compress Screw penetrating in the unthreaded hole and forming thread fitting, and housing screw between the screw thread coupling hole being reserved on basal plane from top to bottom Nut seam allowance be matched with unthreaded hole nose end;Each housing screw is parallel to each other and is sequentially arranged along internal lobe wall side mould length direction.
Preferably, this mould, which further includes, is fixed on the positioning plectane on basal plane and the pipe sleeve as built-in fitting, described fixed Circle of position plate is fixed on the hole reserved at basal plane by plectane screw;Pipe sleeve caliber and positioning plectane outside diameter are consistent so as to by upper Being fixed by socket on positioning plectane under and;It is shelved with pipe sleeve top end face for from top to bottom force so as to which compressing pipe is placed on base Pressing plate on face, axially sets through hole, plectane screw is fixed in and determines through the through hole and screw thread along pipe sleeve on pressing plate On circle of position plate.
Preferably, thread fitting has clamp nut on the plectane screw, and the lower face of clamp nut is pushed against in pressing plate At top end face;The pressing plate shape is big in upper diameter and two-period form ladder shaft-like that lower diameter is small, and the minor diameter of pressing plate The caliber of section diameter and pipe sleeve coincide each other;The shaft shoulder seam allowance of pressing plate is matched with the top end face of pipe sleeve.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1), the utility model solves traditional direct carries out framework of steel reinforcement and the operation such as ties up being brought in mould cavity Inefficient operation the defects of, the internal lobe wall side moulds of U type locating slots is carried by the use that looks for another way, first by U-shaped fixed Position groove avoids out the path that falls into of the end reinforcing bar of framework of steel reinforcement, then the affixed property of Qian He between locating plate and U-shaped locating slot To ensure that the end one by one to above-mentioned end reinforcing bar positions affixed effect, so realize whole framework of steel reinforcement preprocessing and after Phase integral lifting enters the function of mould., can be with pre-production since framework of steel reinforcement is without the scene processing in mold cavity again More frameworks of steel reinforcement, it is necessary to when carry out the later stage again and integrally enter modulo operation, the producing efficiency of precast wall body obviously can obtain Significant increase.
In addition, it is contemplated that many precast wall bodies are all necessarily equipped with window opening at present, and therefore, the utility model is to window opening module Also corresponding structure has been carried out to improve.In above-mentioned, the utility model employs knockdown window opening modular construction, by by window opening Module is blocked with vertical guide, so as to obtain each submodule structure.When needed, the split of each submodule is passed through, you can easily Combination forms required window opening module.What is more important, for needing to arrange the window being parallel to each other for returning water slope and drip The upper edge in hole and lower edge, are only blocked once by vertical truncation surface, in other words, during each form removal, return the mould of water slope and drip Chamber always finally carries out horizontal dismountable again, to ensure to return the Forming Quality of water slope and drip.And for no drip and return water The window opening left side wall and right side wall on slope, then blocked even more twice by straight flange truncation surface.When needed, edge first is passed through Vertical to and straight flange submodule of dismantling, so as to reserve the activity space of angle Terminals Die horizontally;Carry out one of angle end afterwards again Horizontal direction sliding movement of the submodule along vertical truncation surface, and then angle Terminals Die horizontal direction is pulled away into inner corner trim.Due to aforesaid operations, The concrete disrepair phenomenon of internal corner part at window opening is can effectively avoid, reduces and even removes later stage rehabilitation cost from.Meanwhile and due to Above-mentioned angle Terminals Die pull away action be it is parallel return water slope and the projection direction of drip, therefore can also realize and water is returned at window opening Slope and the one-pass molding effect of drip.
For the mould of internal lobe wall side, it has been designed to special cantilever design by the utility model.It is steady with common structure Fixed cubic cylindricality side mould is different, the internal lobe wall side mould of the triangle of cantilevered construction, it inherently exists not when individually placed Stability.In actual use, four internal lobe wall side moulds are abut against each other with cantilever-shaped triangular prism shape construction so as to form four square frames The internal lobe wall mould of rack-like, at this time due to the affixed property and the supportive of levelling bolt between each internal lobe wall side mould, is protected Demonstrate,prove the stability and reliability of unitary mould work.When needing form removal, the affixed cooperation of four internal lobe wall side intermodes is first removed And corresponding fastening member, levelling bolt is turned afterwards.The gently suspension end of the level board for beaing internal lobe wall side mould from top to bottom, The internal lobe wall side mould can produce upset because of the unstability of self structure and along direction is beaten, and overturning pivot is the bottom of vertical plate End.When producing above-mentioned rotary movement, the top of the vertical plate of internal lobe wall side mould can gradually reduce, and carry out draft behaviour again at this time Make, the top of the vertical plate of internal lobe wall side mould would not scratch directly over siphonal lobe wall part, so-called siphonal lobe just also is not present The Structural Faults situation at the position such as insulating layer at wall, the Forming Quality of siphonal lobe wall can be effectively ensured.
2), on the cross section of internal lobe wall side mould, the horizontal direction length of level board is more than the vertical of vertical plate to highly.Change Yan Zhi, when level board, vertical plate and the triangle gusset for forming internal lobe wall side mould are collectively forming triangular shape cross section, internal lobe wall side The center of gravity of mould should be more biased towards the cantilever end of level board.In this way, in form removal, only need less power that internal lobe wall side mould can be achieved Rapid turnover, operating efficiency obviously can obtain further lifting.
3), in fact, when carrying out the fixed operation of locating plate, should follow:Prefabricated matching internal lobe wall mold cavity Framework of steel reinforcement;Framework of steel reinforcement is moved into the cavity of internal lobe wall mould;By the positioning arc groove of each locating plate one by one be caught in correspondence Framework of steel reinforcement end reinforcing bar on;After locating plate is caught in, by locating plate along end reinforcing bar extending direction and to U-shaped Locating slot direction is slided, until locating plate enters U-shaped locating slot vallecular cavity., can be by all when locating plate enters in U-shaped locating slot Multimode carries out both fastenings:Both such as directly fastened by reserved bolt, or even by the mode such as being bonded or welding It is affixed etc. to carry out both, need to only ensure when carrying out cement and pouring, vibrate and harden, locating plate cannot relatively U-shaped locating slot produce Raw sliding movement, so that it is guaranteed that pouring the high-quality of rear pre-formed cavity.The utility model is preferably using fin and positioning The fit structure of bar, on the one hand realizes seam allowance fiting effect from inside to outside with fin;On the other hand then with locating rod with determining The cooperation of position ring to tense locating plate in outside, and purpose is fastened to the two-way clamping of locating plate so as to together be realized with fin.And It is because locating plate is unlikely to be single and adopts why using locating rod and exterior built-in structure of the locating ring as locating plate With, and often arranged more than ten or even tens on same a internal lobe wall side mould;As a result of positioning ring design, a positioning Bar just can be also cross several even all of locating rings, using upper obviously extremely efficient and convenient, and location efficiency is high.
4), the further preferred scheme as such scheme, the window opening module of the utility model is actually with drip And return along being broadside using left side wall and right side wall as the rectangular frame structure of long side where water slope, which is also window opening Conventional shape.Constructed by the way that straight flange submodule is designed as isosceles trapezoid, in form removal, directly extracted straight flange submodule vertical upwards .The architectural feature of the isosceles trapezoidal structure of straight flange submodule and the trapezoidal base of straight flange submodule upward, can effectively carry Rise the efficiency and convenience of whole form removal operation.It is preferred that it is 80 ° that the broadside of vertical truncation surface and window opening module, which forms angle, The angle can be more convenient the stripping operation of straight flange submodule relative angle Terminals Die, and it is apparently more convenient to operate.
5), since the lateral wall of window opening module is die cavity face, in other words, the rigidity of increase window opening module itself is such as wanted, Ensure that window opening module can resist the power that cement is poured and bestowed when hardening, at this time for reinforcement window opening module stiffness by itself The components such as support plate should be arranged at the madial wall of window opening module.It is preferred that each submodule for forming window opening module is both designed as Box like structure, cassette bottom is to form the part in above-mentioned die cavity face at this time, and box wall is then formed for being fitted to each other or coordinating basal plane Mating surface, to ensure the reliability of overall work.
6), extremely heavy in view of window opening module weight, even if being split as some submodules, each submodule also still possesses certain matter Amount, along with form removal, window opening module can be subject to the power that the corresponding submodule of obstruction bestowed after hardening of cement is extracted again, therefore, The utility model especially arranges auxiliary draft component.In actual use, straight flange submodule is dismantled first with angle terminal intermode to match The bolt of conjunction, turns draft screw afterwards, using draft screw with respect to basal plane top lift so that by straight flange submodule vertical to Basal plane is lifted off, is finally reached the auxiliary draft effect for straight flange submodule.
7), levelling bolt, on the one hand plays the function of support internal lobe wall side mould, on the other hand, also functions to certain internal The levelling function of Ye Qiang sides mould, to ensure the vertical in internal lobe wall die cavity face.And housing screw, then it is used to ensure internal lobe wall side mould With respect to the abutting of basal plane, not dry cement is avoided to produce leakage shape along the gap of internal lobe wall side mould and basal plane under pressure Condition, to lift the reliability of precast wall body casting process, and effectively ensures the Forming Quality of precast wall body, reduce the later stage repair into This.
8) occasion of preserved pipeline hole arrangement, is carried out in precast wall body for some needs, the utility model is individually set Preserved pipeline system is counted.The system is included in reserve on basal plane and portals, and positioning plectane is fixed at the hole, so as to fulfill The positioning for positioning plectane is affixed.Afterwards, pipe sleeve is inserted in positioning plectane, and pressing plate is shelved above pipe sleeve.By plectane screw Come clam member and positioning plectane, the substrate hold-down function from top to bottom so as to fulfill pressing plate to pipe sleeve.At this time, the axial position of pipe sleeve Shifting is limited by pressing plate and basal plane, and the radial action of pipe sleeve is then positioned plectane or even the pressing plate of ladder shaft-like is constrained, therefore It is subject to external force anyway, pipe sleeve is acted all without extra deflection is produced, this causes the preserved pipeline hole site of final molding It is extremely accurate, it can effectively meet customer requirement.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the dimensional structure diagram of locating plate;
Fig. 3 is the confined state stereogram of the relatively U-shaped locating slot of locating plate;
Fig. 4 is the dimensional structure diagram of window opening module;
Fig. 5 is the I parts partial enlarged view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the front view of window opening module;
Fig. 7 is the Structure explosion diagram of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the dimensional structure diagram for removing the internal lobe wall side mould after levelling bolt and housing screw;
Fig. 9 is the end view of internal lobe wall side mould;
Figure 10 is operating state schematic diagram when being produced from rotary movement of internal lobe wall side mould;
Figure 11 is the assembly state diagram of pipe sleeve, pressing plate and positioning plectane with respect to basal plane.
The actual correspondence of each label of the utility model and component names is as follows:
A- vertical truncation surface b- straight flange truncation surfaces c- returns water slope mould d- and drips channel mould
10- internal lobe walls side mould 10a-U type locating slots
11- vertical plate 12- level boards
12a- leveling threaded hole 12b- levelling bolt 12c- housing screw 12d- unthreaded holes
13- triangle gussets
20- siphonal lobe walls side mould 30- locating plates 31- positions arc groove 32- fin 33- locating rings
40- window opening module 41- angles Terminals Die 42- straight flange submodule 42a- preformed holes
43- installation bolt 44- draft screw 45- frid 45a- draft threaded holes
51- pipe sleeves 52- positions plectane 53- plectane screw 54- pressing plate 55- clamp nuts
Embodiment
For ease of understanding, here in connection with attached drawing 1-11, concrete structure and working method to the utility model make it is following into One step describes:
For the utility model concrete structure with reference to shown in Fig. 1, it includes internal lobe wall mould, for being arranged in internal lobe wall mould Window opening module 40 in die cavity and the siphonal lobe wall mould at internal lobe wall die tip face.Window opening module 40 when in use with Internal lobe wall mould is the same, equal horizontal direction is lain against in a certain die face, herein refers to the die face with " basal plane ".And institute afterwards " vertical " of description, namely the direction of the vertical basal plane.When window opening module 40 and internal lobe wall mould are integrally as shown in Figure 1 When being put on basal plane, the space between window opening module 40 and internal lobe wall mould is formed " returning " the shape channel-shaped poured for cement Internal lobe wall casting area.Since siphonal lobe wall mould is stacked on internal lobe wall mould, when above-mentioned internal lobe wall casting area is poured Build it is full after, be that siphonal lobe wall part pours operation when being further continued for pouring.After the completion of hardening of cement in above-mentioned casting area, Remove siphonal lobe wall mould, window opening module 40 and internal lobe wall mould, you can obtain the precast wall body with window opening.
For ease of description, herein using common square precast wall body and rectangle window opening exemplified by, the utility model is actual During operation, emphasis includes following components:
1), entirety enters mode structure
The entirety enters mode structure with reference to shown in Fig. 1-3 and Fig. 8.By from vertical at the top end face of internal lobe wall side mould 10 to Under be recessed with the U-shaped locating slot 10a of connection internal lobe wall side mould 10, so as to facilitate the end reinforcing bar of prefabricated framework of steel reinforcement can one One corresponding falls into corresponding U-shaped locating slot 10a.Meanwhile the locating plate 30 shown in ad hoc Fig. 2, with locating plate 30 and U Chimeric affixed property between type locating slot 10a ensures the affixed effect of positioning one by one to above-mentioned end reinforcing bar, and then realizes whole The exterior preprocessing of a framework of steel reinforcement and later stage integral lifting enter the function of mould.
When carrying out the fixed operation of locating plate 30, should follow:The framework of steel reinforcement of prefabricated matching internal lobe wall mold cavity; Framework of steel reinforcement is moved into the cavity of internal lobe wall mould;By the positioning arc groove 31 of each locating plate 30 one by one be caught in corresponding steel On the end reinforcing bar of tendons skeleton;After locating plate 30 is caught in, by locating plate 30 along end reinforcing bar extending direction and to U-shaped fixed Position groove 10a directions are slided, until locating plate 30 enters U-shaped locating slot 10a vallecular cavities.Locating plate 30 is matched somebody with somebody with U-shaped locating slot 10a's Conjunction state can refer to shown in Fig. 3.
For the concrete structure of locating plate 30, as Figure 2-3, the utility model is preferably using fin 32 with determining The fit structure of position bar, on the one hand realizes seam allowance fiting effect from inside to outside, on the other hand then with locating rod with fin 32 Cooperation with locating ring 33 to tense locating plate 30 in outside, so as to together realize the two-way clamping to locating plate 30 with fin 32 Fastening effect.And why using locating rod and exterior built-in structure of the locating ring 33 as locating plate 30, it is because locating plate 30 are unlikely to be single use, and are often arranged more than ten or even tens on same a internal lobe wall side mould 10, as a result of Locating ring 33 designs, and a locating rod just can be also cross several even all of locating rings 33, using upper obviously extremely fast Victory is convenient, and location efficiency is high.
2), window opening module
For ease of description, herein using common rectangle window opening exemplified by, corresponding 40 shape of window opening module is rectangle Frame-like, specifically as shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 4-7.To realize the Quick Release of window opening module 40 and the protectiveness to inner corner trim, pass through by The broadside of window opening module 40 blocks once, and long side is blocked at least twice, so as to obtain six to eight pieces of corresponding submodule.It is specific extremely to scheme In structure shown in 4-7, its broadside is truncated once and long side is truncated twice, so as to obtain four groups of angle Terminals Dies 41 and two groups straight Side submodule 42.Due to the long side of the window opening module 40 residing for straight flange submodule 42 need not additionally set such as return water slope mould c and Drip channel mould d, therefore no matter is truncated several times.In view of facilitating straight flange submodule 42 to be extracted along the quick of vertical, need The isosceles trapezoid that straight flange submodule 42 is designed as Figure 4-Figure 6 is constructed.The broadside of window opening module 40 to form window due to needing The upper edge in hole and lower edge, and need on this along and lower edge at arrangement return water slope and drip, therefore only blocked by vertical Face a and block once, as shown in Figure 4 return water slope mould c and the channel mould d that drips to be arranged at the broadside of window opening module 40. Vertical truncation surface a and the angle of above-mentioned broadside are 80 °, to facilitate the horizontal direction of angle Terminals Die 41 along parallel basal plane to make horizontal draft Action.
On the basis of said structure, as shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 4-5, the utility model is also on the trapezoidal top of straight flange submodule 42 Auxiliary draft component is disposed with side, namely at a side of the cooperation basal plane of straight flange submodule 42, in order to which straight flange submodule 42 exists Basal plane can be rapidly separated during form removal.Draft component is aided in be closed by the corresponding threaded holes at draft screw 44 and frid 45, from And rely on feed screw nut's effect of draft screw 44 and exert a force to basal plane.Since basal plane is constant motionless, basal plane can produce at this time Raw reaction force is in draft screw 44, you can drives the straight flange submodule 42 with the one of draft screw 44 to produce stripping action.
3), from upset structure
When reverse mould due to being normally carried out internal lobe wall and siphonal lobe wall operates, the both sides of the siphonal lobe wall formed and top dimension It is necessarily bigger 5-30cm than the corresponding side and top dimension of internal lobe wall.Internal lobe wall side mould 10 during to avoid the occurrence of form removal is relatively outer Leaf wall has more the thermal insulation material of part or even the scraping situation of wall, therefore just devises being tied from upset for internal lobe wall side mould 10 Structure.Specifically, as shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 8-10, four internal lobe wall side moulds 10 are supported each other with cantilever-shaped triangular prism shape construction By so that the internal lobe wall mould of quadro frame shape is formed, at this time due to the affixed property and leveling spiral shell between each internal lobe wall side mould 10 The supportive of 12b is followed closely, is able to ensure the stability and reliability of unitary mould work.Leveling spiral shell joined together by levelling bolt 12b Unthreaded hole 12d joined together by pit 12a and housing screw 12c is arranged with reference to shown in Fig. 8.For in general orientation, due to Housing screw 12c needs to compress internal lobe wall side mould 10, therefore at the die cavity face of opposite close internal lobe wall side mould 10;And leveling spiral shell On the one hand nail 12b is necessary to ensure that the placement stability of the columnar internal lobe wall side mould 10 of triangular prism, on the other hand it is also to be ensured that internal lobe The vertical in die cavity face at wall side mould 10, therefore be close to as far as possible at the suspension end of level board 12.
When needing form removal, siphonal lobe wall side mould 20 is first removed, the affixed cooperation between four internal lobe wall side moulds 10 are removed, it After turn levelling bolt 12b.The gently suspension end of the level board 12 for beaing internal lobe wall side mould 10 from top to bottom, the internal lobe wall side Mould 10 can produce rotary movement as shown in Figure 9 because of the unstability of self structure and along direction is beaten, and overturning pivot is lead The bottom of vertical plate.When producing above-mentioned rotary movement, the top of the vertical plate 11 of internal lobe wall side mould 10 can gradually reduce, at this time Carry out draft operation again, the top of the vertical plate 11 of internal lobe wall side mould 10 would not scratch directly over siphonal lobe wall and thermal insulation material Part, also just there is no the Structural Faults situation at the position such as so-called siphonal lobe wall and thermal insulation material, now referring to shown in Fig. 9, The Forming Quality of whole precast wall body can be effectively ensured.The dotted portion of Fig. 9 is siphonal lobe wall, thermal insulation material and internal lobe wall Profile schematic lines.
4), built-in fitting positioning component
Assembled type concrete prefabricated part, including above-mentioned precast wall body, it is necessary to will supply water in design and production process The pipe hole of the installations such as electric equipment pipeline is pre-designed in concrete component, so that the later stage assembles.Above-mentioned preserved pipeline hole leads to It is molded frequently with built-in fitting.During carrying out cement and pouring, vibrate, receive photo-hardening, it is desirable to built-in fitting cannot produce displacement, To ensure the location accuracy of pipeline after being molded.In view of this, the also individually designed built-in fitting positioning component of the utility model, tool Body is as follows:
As shown in figure 11, which includes pipe sleeve 51, positioning plectane 52, plectane screw 53 and pressing plate 54.From it is traditional it is direct pipe sleeve 51 is fixed on by force it is different on basal plane, the utility model first will positioning 52 screw thread of plectane it is tight The specified location of basal plane is fixed in, then pipe sleeve 51 is plugged on positioning plectane 52.Afterwards, pipe sleeve 51 is inserted in positioning plectane 52, and pressing plate 54 is shelved above pipe sleeve 51.Come by plectane screw 53 between clam member 54 and positioning plectane 52, so that real Substrate hold-down function from top to bottom of the existing pressing plate 54 to pipe sleeve 51.Due to the key and pressure of the outside diameter of positioning plectane 52, pipe sleeve 51 The reduced diameter section outside diameter of plate 54 is consistent with each other, and so far, the axial displacement of pipe sleeve 51 is limited by pressing plate 54 and basal plane, pipe sleeve 51 radial action is then positioned plectane 52 or even the pressing plate 54 of ladder shaft-like is constrained, therefore is subject to external force anyway, pipe Set 51 is acted all without extra deflection is produced, this make it that the preserved pipeline hole site of final molding is extremely accurate, can effectively expire Sufficient customer requirement., can one clamp nut 55 of thread fitting again, reference on plectane screw 53 in view of using upper convenience Shown in Figure 11, so that clamp nut 55 replaces the nut of plectane screw 53 and realizes the substrate hold-down function to 54 top ends of pressing plate.
To sum up, the utility model possesses the advantages of simple form removal, simple and efficient to handle and low manufacture cost.Practical operation When, framework of steel reinforcement can be processed individually, then the later stage integrally enters in internal lobe wall mould, and by locating plate 30 and U locating slots 10a's Coordinate to realize that its entirety enters mould and exact position fixed effect, then carry out the installation of siphonal lobe wall mould, the system of precast wall body afterwards Significant increase is can obtain as efficiency.Arrange in pairs or groups corresponding window opening module 40, from switching mechanism and built-in fitting positioning component, can effectively expire The modern production demand of fast pace, high efficiency and high-quality that sufficient Vehicles Collected from Market is advocated.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module, including at least four internal lobe wall side moulds (10) enclose what is formed The internal lobe wall mould of quadro frame shape, the region that internal lobe wall mould is enclosed form the shaping of the internal lobe wall part of prefabricated panel Region, and the medial surface of the internal lobe wall mould forms the internal lobe wall die cavity face for being used for being molded internal lobe wall part;Internal lobe wall side mould (10) at top end face the corresponding affixed siphonal lobe wall mould for forming quadro frame shape siphonal lobe wall side mould (20);It is characterized in that:Extremely On the die cavity face of few one of internal lobe wall side mould (10) vertical to be recessed with U-shaped locating slot (10a), U-shaped locating slot (10a) opening Towards direction where operating personnel and each U-shaped locating slot (10a) along internal lobe wall side mould (10) length direction and sequentially cloth arranged side by side Put;This mould further includes the locating plate (30) for respective end reinforcing bar at spacer bar skeleton, locating plate (30) shape In the kidney-shaped straight panel shape for matching U-shaped locating slot (10a) vallecular cavity profile, it is recessed with the long side of locating plate (30) for for above-mentioned The positioning arc groove (31) that end reinforcing bar is caught in and fixes along locating plate (30) width;Locating plate (30) plugged and fixed is in U-shaped In locating slot (10a), and the inner side plate face of the locating plate (30) and internal lobe wall die cavity face are in the same plane;
This mould further includes the window opening module (40) being arranged in the region that internal lobe wall mould is enclosed, and window opening module (40) is outside Shape is in quadro frame shape, and the outer wall of window opening module (40) forms the window opening die cavity face for being used for being molded window opening;In window opening module (40) one of vertical truncation surface is made and on another two straight flanges parallel to each other along lead on two of which straight flange parallel to each other It is vertical to make twice straight flange truncation surface, so that window opening module (40) is divided into four groups of angle Terminals Dies (41) and two groups of straight flange submodules (42);Angle Terminals Die (41) shape is in " L " shape so that four angles end of window opening module (40) is formed, in vertical In projection, the tip for parallel the blocked one of angle Terminals Die (41) of projection line that the vertical truncation surface is formed is signified Direction;Straight flange submodule (42) shape is in isosceles trapezoid platy structure so as to form the long side of window opening module (40), and vertical blocks Two straight flanges of the window opening module (40) where face form the broadside of window opening module (40);Two trapezoidal hypotenuses of straight flange submodule (42) Overlapped one by one with above-mentioned straight flange truncation surface, and the trapezoidal base of straight flange submodule (42) be located at window opening module (40) towards operator Side where member;
Vertical internal lobe wall side mould (10) length direction makees cross section, cross-sectional profile " L " shape of the internal lobe wall side mould (10);It is interior The side plate face of the vertical plate (11) of Ye Qiang sides mould (10) forms above-mentioned internal lobe wall die cavity face;With the level of internal lobe wall side mould (10) It is used for and the fixing end that the affixed one end in vertical plate (11) top is level board (12), the cantilever of level board (12) on plate (12) At end vertical to be provided through leveling threaded hole (12a);Levelling bolt (12b) from top to bottom penetrate the leveling threaded hole Form in (12a) and therewith thread fitting;The top of levelling bolt (12b) is resisted against on basal plane;Each levelling bolt (12b) is each other It is parallel and be sequentially arranged along internal lobe wall side mould (10) length direction;Both connections are set between the level board (12) and vertical plate For strengthening the triangle gusset (13) of internal lobe wall side mould (10) rigidity;
On the cross section of internal lobe wall side mould (10), the horizontal direction length of level board (12) is more than the vertical of vertical plate (11) to height Degree.
A kind of 2. detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described fixed Position arc groove (31) is arranged at the homonymy of locating plate (30);The side plate face coplanar with internal lobe wall die cavity face of locating plate (30) The both ends of upper arrangement fin (32) and fin (32) it is oppositely extending go out plate body where locating plate, fin (32) extending direction is parallel fixed Bit slice (30) width;Side plate face using locating plate (30) and the formation internal lobe wall die cavity face of internal lobe wall side mould (10) is interior Lateral plates, are disposed with locating ring (33) at the outside plate face of locating plate (30);The axis positioned parallel piece of the locating ring (33) (30) width so that positioned at internal lobe wall on the outside of the mould (10) mould (10) length direction at plate face and during parallel internal lobe wall Locating rod passes through the locating ring (33), so as to carry out stationary positioned piece by the effect of the two-way clamping of locating rod and fin (32) (30)。
A kind of 3. detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The lead It is 80 ° that the broadside of vertical truncation surface and window opening module (40), which forms angle,.
A kind of 4. detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: The straight flange submodule (42) and angle Terminals Die (41) are box like structure of the box mouth towards inner side;Each matched angle Terminals Die (41) peace between and between matched angle Terminals Die (41) and straight flange submodule (42) by being arranged at each submodule box wall It is affixed each other to fill bolt (43);The window opening module (40) is further included easy to be pulled out along vertical to the auxiliary for extracting straight flange submodule (42) Membrane module;The auxiliary draft component includes draft screw (44), where the trapezoidal top margin of the straight flange submodule (42) at box wall The frid (45) of inverted " u " shape is provided with, runs through at the slot bottom of frid (45) and draft threaded hole (45a), draft screw is set (44) thread fitting is formed between the draft threaded hole (45a), is reserved with where the trapezoidal top margin of straight flange submodule (42) in box wall The preformed hole (42a) passed through for the top of draft screw (44).
A kind of 5. detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: Where relatively close fixing end in level board at plate face vertical to be provided through unthreaded hole (12d), housing screw (12c) by Upper and lower penetrating in the unthreaded hole (12d) and forming thread fitting, and housing screw between screw thread coupling hole reserved on basal plane The nut seam allowance of (12c) is matched with unthreaded hole (12d) nose end;Each housing screw (12c) is parallel to each other and along internal lobe wall side mould (10) length direction is sequentially arranged.
A kind of 6. detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: This mould further includes the positioning plectane (52) being fixed on basal plane and the pipe sleeve (51) as built-in fitting, the positioning plectane (52) it is fixed in by plectane screw (53) on the hole reserved at basal plane;Pipe sleeve (51) caliber and positioning plectane (52) outside diameter one Show just being fixed by socket in positioning plectane (52) from top to bottom;It is shelved with pipe sleeve (51) top end face for from top to bottom applying Power is axial along pipe sleeve (51) and through hole is set on pressing plate (54) so as to compress pipe sleeve (51) in the pressing plate (54) on basal plane, Plectane screw (53) is fixed on positioning plectane (52) through the through hole and screw thread.
A kind of 7. detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The circle Thread fitting has clamp nut (55) on plate bolt (53), and the lower face of clamp nut (55) is pushed against at the top end face of pressing plate; Pressing plate (54) shape is big in upper diameter and two-period form ladder shaft-like that lower diameter is small, and the reduced diameter section of pressing plate (54) The caliber of diameter and pipe sleeve (51) coincide each other;The shaft shoulder seam allowance of pressing plate (54) is matched with the top end face of pipe sleeve (51).
CN201720797627.3U 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 Detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module Active CN207256491U (en)

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CN201720797627.3U CN207256491U (en) 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 Detachable PC wallboard moulds with window opening module

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Address after: 236700 Chengguan Zhenzheng Tongdao East, Kaiyuan Road North, Lixin County, Bozhou City, Anhui Province

Patentee after: Lixin Baocheng construction industrialization Co.,Ltd.

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Patentee before: ANHUI BAOYE CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING GROUP Co.,Ltd.

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