CN107116670B - A kind of prefabricated components window opening assembling die - Google Patents

A kind of prefabricated components window opening assembling die Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107116670B
CN107116670B CN201710534497.9A CN201710534497A CN107116670B CN 107116670 B CN107116670 B CN 107116670B CN 201710534497 A CN201710534497 A CN 201710534497A CN 107116670 B CN107116670 B CN 107116670B
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China
Prior art keywords
die
straight flange
die ontology
submodule
window opening
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CN201710534497.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107116670A (en
Inventor
邵徽斌
高君
谢其盛
李建来
孙效明
高则炎
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Hefei Zhongbao Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
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Anhui Baoye Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
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Publication of CN107116670A publication Critical patent/CN107116670A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/28Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/30Cores; Mandrels adjustable, collapsible, or expanding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/28Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/285Core puller

Abstract

The invention belongs to building product technical field, and in particular to a kind of prefabricated components window opening assembling die.The present invention includes die ontology, and the outer wall of die ontology forms die cavity face;Make one of vertical truncation surface on the two of which of die ontology straight flange parallel to each other and on another two straight flanges parallel to each other along vertical to twice straight flange truncation surface is made, so as to which die ontology is divided into four groups of angle Terminals Dies and two groups of straight flange submodules;The angle terminal die topography in " L " shape so as to form the four of die ontology angle ends, in the projection of vertical, the sophisticated direction for parallel the blocked one of angle Terminals Die of projection line that the vertical truncation surface is formed.The present invention possesses the advantages of simple form removal, simple and efficient to handle and low manufacture cost, it not only can effectively avoid the concrete disrepair phenomenon of internal corner part at window opening, reduce and even remove later stage rehabilitation cost from, while can also realize the one-shot forming effect that water slope and drip are returned at window opening.

Description

A kind of prefabricated components window opening assembling die
Technical field
The invention belongs to building product technical field, and in particular to a kind of prefabricated components window opening assembling die.
Background technology
In recent years, as economic development, building trade are increasingly paid attention to energy resource consumption, environmental pollution.In building field The architecture construction of traditional reinforced concrete structure, often using based on situ wet operation, this mode of construction will not only consume largely Timber does end template and backing material, and energy consumption is big, low construction efficiency, the engineering time is long, produces noise and dust, while right Surrounding environment has larger pollution.Therefore, in recent years, building field starts to introduce the concept of modularized house.Modularized house is not Be same as traditional building construction, many structures of usual modularized house as used in being built house precast beam, precast wall body, Precast stair etc., it can shift to an earlier date and be machined in plant produced line.In use, directly above-mentioned prefabricated components are transported to job site It is cast-in-place that assembly is carried out afterwards, finally connects into building.Modularized house possesses environmental protection, the pollution for reducing site operation, construction effect The characteristics of rate is high, can be one of preferred embodiment of house construction of modernization in the construction compared with completion house in casual labourer's phase.
In foregoing every prefabricated components, the precast wall body with window opening is the complex structure of generally acknowledged production method Part.Window opening mould traditional at present is all the integrated mould for directly corresponding to window shape to be formed, such as when window opening is rectangular During body, window opening mould is integrally " mouth " word frame like structure, by that analogy.The problem of window opening mould of above-mentioned construction is present exists In:After window opening mould is put into the die cavity of wallboard mould, the laying of framework of steel reinforcement and cement are poured in window opening mould and wallboard Carried out in space between mould.When after the completion of hardening of cement and need carry out window opening mould dismounting when, just must rely on hang down Straight lifting machine extracts window opening mould along vertical.Because window opening outward appearance is generally configured with substantial amounts of turning (also known as inner corner trim), Cause during vertical lifting because window opening mould and cement pull with stress concentration effect and caused by window opening turning it is damaged, it is final to cause The outward appearance of precast wall body produces defect.Once the above-mentioned open defect of generation, it can only just be repaired by later stage reparing process, Virtually also increase the cost of manufacture of precast wall body.In addition, window opening is not merely simple smooth hole body at present, with Exemplified by rectangle window opening, thereon along the drip for needing setting groove-like, lower edge, which needs to arrange, carries the rectangular-shaped of inclined plane Return water slope.It is obvious, such as use integral hoisting technique, the vertical of window opening mould lifts by crane direction just with returning water slope and drip Position produces interference, this be also why at present most of assembled architecture components can not realize the main original of said structure Cause.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of prefabricated components rational in infrastructure and practical With window opening assembling die, it possesses the advantages of simple form removal, simple and efficient to handle and low manufacture cost, not only can effectively avoid window The concrete disrepair phenomenon of internal corner part at hole, reduce and even remove later stage rehabilitation cost from, while can also realize and water is returned at window opening Slope and the one-shot forming effect of drip.
To achieve the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme:
A kind of prefabricated components window opening assembling die, include the die ontology of quadro frame shape, the outer wall structure of die ontology Into die cavity face;It is characterized in that:Make on the two of which of die ontology straight flange parallel to each other one of vertical truncation surface and Along vertical to twice straight flange truncation surface is made on another two straight flanges parallel to each other, so as to which die ontology is divided into four groups of angle Terminals Dies And two groups of straight flange submodules;The angle terminal die topography in " L " shape so as to form the four of die ontology angle ends, in vertical Projection on, the sophisticated meaning side of parallel the blocked one of angle Terminals Die of projection line that the vertical truncation surface is formed To.
Preferably, straight flange submodule profile is in isosceles trapezoid platy structure so as to form the long side of die ontology, and vertical is cut Two straight flanges of the die ontology where section form the broadside of die ontology;Two trapezoidal hypotenuses of straight flange submodule and above-mentioned straight flange Truncation surface overlaps one by one, and the trapezoidal base of straight flange submodule be located at die ontology towards side where operating personnel.
Preferably, it is 80 ° that the broadside of the vertical truncation surface and die ontology, which forms angle,.
Preferably, the straight flange submodule and angle Terminals Die are box like structure of the box mouth towards inner side;The angle being respectively engaged It is affixed by being arranged in bolt at each submodule box wall between Terminals Die and between the angle Terminals Die and straight flange submodule that are engaged Each other.
Preferably, the die ontology also includes being easy to the auxiliary withdrawing pattern component along vertical to extraction straight flange submodule;It is described Auxiliary withdrawing pattern component includes withdrawing pattern screw, is provided with the groove of inverted " u " shape where the trapezoidal top margin of the straight flange submodule at box wall Plate, through hole is threaded at the bottom land of frid, screw thread is formed between withdrawing pattern screw and the screwed hole and is coordinated, straight flange submodule it is trapezoidal Where top margin the preformed hole passed through for the top of withdrawing pattern screw is reserved with box wall.
Preferably, the straight flange submodule and being arranged with towards side where operating personnel for angle Terminals Die are easy to hanging for lifting Button.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1), the present invention has abandoned the window opening mould of traditional integrative-structure, then employs knockdown mold structure, leads to Cross and blocked window opening mould with vertical guide, so as to obtain each submodule structure.When needed, by the split of each submodule, i.e., It can easily combine to form required window opening mould.What is more important, the mutual of water slope and drip is returned for needing to arrange The upper edge of parallel window opening and lower edge, only blocked once by vertical truncation surface, in other words, during each form removal, return water slope and drop The die cavity of tank always finally carries out horizontal dismountable again, to ensure to return the Forming Quality of water slope and drip.And dripped for nothing Groove and the window opening left side wall and right side wall for returning water slope, then blocked by straight flange truncation surface even more more twice.When needed, lead to Cross first along vertical to and straight flange submodule of dismantling, so as to reserve the activity space of angle Terminals Die horizontally;Carry out afterwards again wherein One angle Terminals Die pulls away inner corner trim along the level of vertical truncation surface to sliding movement, and then by angle Terminals Die horizontal direction.Due to Aforesaid operations, the concrete disrepair phenomenon of internal corner part at window opening can be effectively avoided, reduce and even remove later stage rehabilitation cost from.Together When, but due to above-mentioned angle Terminals Die pull away action be it is parallel return water slope and the projection direction of drip, therefore can also realize The one-shot forming effect of water slope and drip is returned at window opening.
2), the further preferred scheme as such scheme, die ontology of the invention are actually with drip and returned Along being broadside using left side wall and right side wall as the rectangular frame structure of long side where water slope, the structure is also the tradition of window opening Shape.Constructed by the way that straight flange submodule is designed as into isosceles trapezoid, in form removal, directly by straight flange submodule vertical, extraction is upwards Can.The architectural feature of the isosceles trapezoidal structure of straight flange submodule and the trapezoidal base of straight flange submodule upward, can effectively be lifted The efficiency and convenience of whole form removal operation.It is preferred that it is 80 ° that the broadside of vertical truncation surface and die ontology, which forms angle, should Angle can be more convenient the stripping operation of straight flange submodule relative angle Terminals Die, and it is apparently more convenient to operate.
3), because the lateral wall of die ontology is die cavity face, in other words, the rigidity of increase die ontology itself is such as wanted, Ensure that die ontology can resist the power that cement is poured and bestowed when hardening, now for reinforcement die ontology stiffness by itself The components such as supporting plate should be arranged at the madial wall of die ontology.It is preferred that each submodule for forming die ontology is both designed as Box like structure, now cassette bottom is to form the part in above-mentioned die cavity face, and box wall is then formed for being fitted to each other or coordinating basal plane Mating surface, to ensure the reliability of overall work.
4), extremely heavy in view of die ontology weight, even if being split as some submodules, each submodule also still possesses certain matter Amount, along with form removal, die ontology again can by the power for the corresponding submodule extraction of obstruction bestowed after hardening of cement, therefore, It is of the invention especially to arrange auxiliary withdrawing pattern component.During actual use, dismantle what straight flange submodule was engaged with angle terminal intermode first Bolt, turn withdrawing pattern screw afterwards, using withdrawing pattern screw with respect to basal plane top lift, so as to by straight flange submodule vertical to be lifted off Basal plane, it is finally reached the auxiliary withdrawing pattern effect for straight flange submodule.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the mated condition stereogram between the present invention and wallboard mould;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 I parts partial enlarged drawing;
Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the front view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 Structure explosion diagram;
Fig. 6 is the side view of the present invention.
The actual corresponding relation of each label of the present invention and component names is as follows:
A- wallboard moulds
A- vertical truncation surface b- straight flange truncation surfaces c- returns water slope mould d- and dripped channel mould
10- angles Terminals Die 20- straight flange submodule 21- preformed holes
30- bolt 41- withdrawing pattern screw 42- frid 42a- screwed holes
50- is withheld
Embodiment
For ease of understanding, here in connection with accompanying drawing, concrete structure and working method to the present invention are made described further below:
Shown in concrete structure reference picture 1-6 of the present invention, it includes being used for the mould sheet being arranged in wallboard mould A die cavity Body.When in use as wallboard mould A, equal horizontal direction is lain against in a certain die face die ontology, herein by the die face with " basal plane " refers to.And foregoing " vertical ", then it mutually should be vertical basal plane orientation.When die ontology and wallboard mould A are whole Body it is as shown in Figure 1 when being put on basal plane, the space between die ontology and wallboard mould A is formed what water supply mud poured The casting area of " returning " shape channel-shaped.After reinforcing bar, casting cement are laid in casting area or even waits hardening of cement, mould is removed Have body and wallboard mould A, you can obtain the precast wall body with window opening.
For ease of description, herein using common rectangle window opening exemplified by, corresponding die ontology profile is rectangle frame Rack-like, specifically as shown in figures 1 to 6.To realize Quick Release of the present invention and the protectiveness to inner corner trim, by by die ontology Broadside block once, long side is blocked at least twice, so as to obtain the submodule of 6-8 blocks.Specifically into structure shown in Fig. 1-6, its Broadside is truncated once and long side is truncated twice, so as to obtain four groups of angle Terminals Dies 10 and two groups of straight flange submodules 20.Due to straight The long side of die ontology residing for side submodule 20 need not additionally set and such as return water slope c and drip d, therefore no matter be cut Break several times.In view of facilitate quick extraction of the straight flange submodule 20 along vertical, it is necessary to by straight flange submodule 20 be designed as Isosceles trapezoid construction shown in Fig. 2-6.The broadside of die ontology to form the upper edge of window opening and lower edge due to needing, and needs at this Arrangement returns water slope and drip at upper edge and lower edge, therefore is only blocked once by vertical truncation surface a, so as in mould sheet Arranged at the broadside of body and as shown in Figure 6 return water slope mould c and the channel mould d that drips.Vertical truncation surface a and above-mentioned broadside angle is 80 °, to facilitate level of the angle Terminals Die 10 along parallel basal plane to be acted to horizontal withdrawing pattern is made.
It is as Figure 2-3, of the invention also in the trapezoidal top edge of straight flange submodule 20 on the basis of said structure, namely One side edge of the cooperation basal plane of straight flange submodule 20 is disposed with auxiliary withdrawing pattern component, in order to which straight flange submodule 20 can in form removal It is rapidly separated basal plane.Auxiliary withdrawing pattern component is engaged by withdrawing pattern screw 41 with the screwed hole 42a at frid 42, is pulled out so as to rely on The feed screw nut of mould screw 41 acts on and exerted a force to basal plane.Because basal plane is constant motionless, now basal plane can produce reaction Power is in withdrawing pattern screw 41, you can drives the straight flange submodule 20 with the one of withdrawing pattern screw 41 to produce stripping action.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of prefabricated components window opening assembling die, includes the die ontology of quadro frame shape, the outer wall of die ontology is formed Die cavity face;It is characterized in that:Make on the two of which of die ontology straight flange parallel to each other one of vertical truncation surface (a) and Along vertical to twice straight flange truncation surface (b) is made on another two straight flanges parallel to each other, so as to which die ontology is divided into four groups of angles end Submodule (10) and two groups of straight flange submodules (20);Angle Terminals Die (10) profile is in " L " shape so as to form the four of die ontology Individual angle end, in the projection of vertical, parallel blocked one of them of projection line that the vertical truncation surface (a) is formed The sophisticated direction of angle Terminals Die (10);
Straight flange submodule (20) profile in isosceles trapezoid platy structure so as to form the long side of die ontology, and vertical truncation surface (a) Two straight flanges of the die ontology at place form the broadside of die ontology;Two trapezoidal hypotenuses of straight flange submodule (20) and above-mentioned straight flange Truncation surface (b) overlaps one by one, and the trapezoidal base of straight flange submodule (20) be located at die ontology towards side where operating personnel;
The straight flange submodule (20) and angle Terminals Die (10) are box like structure of the box mouth towards inner side;The angle terminal being respectively engaged By being arranged at each submodule box wall between mould (10) and between the angle Terminals Die (10) and straight flange submodule (20) that are engaged Bolt (30) is affixed each other;
The die ontology also includes being easy to the auxiliary withdrawing pattern component along vertical to extraction straight flange submodule (20);The auxiliary withdrawing pattern Component includes withdrawing pattern screw (41), is provided with the groove of inverted " u " shape where the trapezoidal top margin of the straight flange submodule (20) at box wall Plate (42), through hole (42a) is threaded at the bottom land of frid (42), formed between withdrawing pattern screw (41) and the screwed hole (42a) Screw thread coordinates, and is reserved with box wall where the trapezoidal top margin of straight flange submodule (20) and is reserved for what the top of withdrawing pattern screw (41) passed through Hole (21).
A kind of 2. prefabricated components window opening assembling die according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vertical truncation surface (a) it is 80 ° to form angle with the broadside of die ontology.
A kind of 3. prefabricated components window opening assembling die according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The straight flange submodule (20) and being arranged with towards side where operating personnel for angle Terminals Die (10) is easy to withholding (50) for lifting.
CN201710534497.9A 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 A kind of prefabricated components window opening assembling die Active CN107116670B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107503509A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-12-22 黄振杰 A kind of casting equipment and construction method for exempting to cut cement block and cement wall
CN108127769A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-06-08 上海理工大学 For the assembling die of window frame prefabricated components
CN108839226A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-20 中民筑友有限公司 A kind of moulding process of prefabricated panel window opening
CN110978229A (en) * 2019-11-14 2020-04-10 王雪琴 Method for prefabricating composite floor slab by splicing type mold

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JPH11294015A (en) * 1998-04-06 1999-10-26 Yamata Sangyo Kk Frame set tool for building frame member
CN201092731Y (en) * 2007-10-10 2008-07-30 山东新城建工股份有限公司 Door and window opening mold for construction of building structure
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Effective date of registration: 20191217

Address after: 230012 Industrial Park to the West of Xinghuo Road, Xinzhan District, Hefei City, Anhui Province (within Anhui Baoye Housing Industrialization Co., Ltd.)

Patentee after: Hefei Zhongbao Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.

Address before: 230041 Anhui province Hefei City Industrial Park, the New Station Road and River Road intersection to Xiao Li

Patentee before: ANHUI BAOYE CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING GROUP CO., LTD.