CN207903250U - A kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit - Google Patents

A kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207903250U
CN207903250U CN201820287535.5U CN201820287535U CN207903250U CN 207903250 U CN207903250 U CN 207903250U CN 201820287535 U CN201820287535 U CN 201820287535U CN 207903250 U CN207903250 U CN 207903250U
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China
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kitchen garbage
garbage
cylinder
sealing
end cap
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CN201820287535.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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蔚仁帅
王志超
吕孟
王为政
苏子林
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Ludong University
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Ludong University
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of household kitchen garbages to seal collection shipping unit, belong to garbage reclamation and environmental protection technical field.The sealing garbage bucket of the utility model(1)Changeable volume, kitchen garbage is compressed and is sealed, and reduces rotten and microbial growth, it can be achieved that the sealing transporting something containerized of kitchen garbage may replace refuse bag and recycle convenient for cleaning and mechanical automation operation, raising garbage treatment efficiency improves working environment.The collection depressor of the utility model(2)Can compress and be discharged kitchen garbage while slightly cutting, stirring and rolling, be separated by solid-liquid separation and compression efficiency is high, effect is good, can automatically cleaning, avoid dross and winding.The requires of the utility model is first by kitchen garbage manual sorting, the operation flow of conventional garbage transporting something containerized and processing is optimized, can realize the maximization of Sources decreasing, can avoid the rubbish generated by error, it can make the direct garbage disposal income of customer acquisition, promote the standardization of garbage reclamation processing industrial chain.

Description

A kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of vehicle for collecting refuse, especially a kind of Domestic refuse collection shipping unit belongs to rubbish and returns Receipts and environmental protection technical field.
Background technology
Kitchen garbage includes mainly food process leftover bits and pieces and edible remnants, the accounting in town dweller's house refuse compared with Greatly, incredible amount, it is in rising trend.As the improvement of people's living standards, the content of organics and calorific value of kitchen garbage are year by year Increase, be the renewable resource of preciousness, is referred to as " having misplaced the resource in place ".Kitchen garbage high organic content, nutrition are rich Richness, moisture content are high, perishable, and easy cooperating microorganisms pollute the environment, endanger human health, bring larger environmental burden.Kitchen The recycling of rubbish recycles treatment technology that diversified development trend is presented, and is divided into Physical, chemical method and bioanalysis three classes; Ripe treatment technology have physical separation facture, burning method, crush in line method, landfill method, Anaerobic Treatment, microbiological treatment and Composting method.
According to the minimizing of domestic rubbish disposal, innoxious and recycling principle, people have carried out more technological improvement.Shen Number kitchen garbage waste recovery systems please be proposed for 201710512148.7 patent of invention, including kitchen garbage container, Kitchen garbage recycling can be turned waste into wealth in grease separator, filter and excrement pond;It is related to shredding machine, grinds Machine, flour mill and sack filling machine, technologically advanced, scale is big, and investment is big, is suitble to establish professional chemical plant.It is existing for Sources decreasing Household kitchen waste disposer, kitchen garbage can fully be ground, and pour downcomer, is cleaned, it is convenient, but water consumption It is larger, easily block pipeline.It proposes and a kind of can be separated by solid-liquid separation application No. is 201320647520.2 utility model patent Domestic device for disintegrating garbage increases equipment for separating liquid from solid, carries filtration, can be by the garbage collection after grinding.Institute It is the metal filter frame with tiny filter eye to state filtration, with accommodating cavity clearance fit.The skill being separated by solid-liquid separation again after this crushing Art is opposite to crush preceding separation, and efficiency is low, inferior separating effect;Because the kitchen garbage fully ground becomes viscous slurry, solid Grain is big with the contact area of water, and contains a large amount of viscous gums.Application No. is the propositions of 201710427709.3 patent of invention A kind of garbage collection process device of separation water, including feeding cylinder, remove water tank, water receiving case, crush box and transport tube;It is described to remove Water tank is equipped with stripper plate and platen with apopore, squeezes water removal, efficient, water removal effect is good;Installation is mutual in the crush box Matched crushing rotor, convenient for uniformly crushing kitchen garbage, and further compression is packaged, inconvenient there are easy dross and cleaning It is insufficient.In order to solve the problems, such as that the dross of kitchen garbage, people generally use the collection method of the embedded refuse bag of dustbin, cleaning side Just.Refuse bag generally uses plastic film, and intensity is low, blow-by, is disposable, difficult to degrade, easily leakage gives an offensive smell, dirty Environment is contaminated, broken bag process is needed in garbage disposal, also waste of resource, increases environmental burden.Application No. is 201610945859.9 patent of invention proposes a kind of intelligent domestic dustbin, and dress is reminded with deodoring and disinfecting device, spill-over It sets, packing apparatus, compaction apparatus and automatic lid closing/opening apparatus, intelligence degree is high, it can be achieved that the deodoring and disinfecting of kitchen garbage, claiming Weight, packing and compacting functions.The packing apparatus includes three clips driven through driver, the rubbish installed in cylinder Bag outside, also carries adhesive tape, can wind bag opening of garbage bag, and cut off;The compaction apparatus uses telescopic driver, driving folding Folded extensible member, drives squeeze board, compressed garbage;Deodoring and disinfecting device carries actinolyte and ozone generator.Rubbish Compression is packaged, and can be reduced water content, be met minimizing principle, but improves the intensity requirement of refuse bag, easily causes to leak, It gives an offensive smell.In kitchen garbage, the bone and thorn of animal, the root, stem and leaf of Activities of Some Plants and fruit leather shell core etc., it is hard and High resilience is easy to retain gap, is unfavorable for compressing, is also easy to puncture refuse bag, is not easy to collect, store and transport;Fully It grinds, and is difficult to remove water, there are technical contradictions.
Currently, the broken bag of kitchen garbage, sorting, separation of solid and liquid, removal of impurities, desalination, innoxious and active ingredient extractive technique Maturation can generate electricity, and produce fertilizer, feed, biodiesel and biogas etc..The processing equipment high degree of automation of batch production, skill Art is advanced.Family-friendly processing equipment needs to minimize, and treating capacity is small, economic value is low, also environmental consciousness it is weak, without rubbish The Social factors such as rubbish classification custom and attention degree deficiency need further to study and improve there are no gaining universal acceptance. It since kitchen garbage is perishable, gives an offensive smell, is not easy to collect, store and transport.Current kitchen garbage transporting something containerized and processing, prison Pipe is insufficient, and part flows into illicit market, does not form the industrial chain of specification.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of household kitchen garbages to seal collection shipping unit, carries out kitchen garbage automatically It is broken, be separated by solid-liquid separation, compression and sealing, realize the Sources decreasing of kitchen garbage, kitchen garbage avoided to be let out during transporting something containerized It leaks and gives an offensive smell so that kitchen garbage and air exclusion reduce rotten and microbial growth, increase economic efficiency, specification meal The transporting something containerized and processing of kitchen rubbish mitigate environmental burden.The specific technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit, includes at least 1 sum aggregate depressor 2 of sealing garbage bucket, as shown in Figure 1. The sealing garbage bucket 1 uses cross section for the tube structure of round rectangle, including fastening end cap 11, compression end cap 12, cylinder 13 and capacity end cap 14, it is fastened with respect to cylinder 13 by fastening end cap 11 by end cap 12 is compressed, it is ensured that sealed reliable;Pass through pressure Kitchen garbage is compressed and is sealed in cylinder 13 by contracting end cap 12, with air exclusion, is reduced rotten and microbial growth, is improved warp Ji benefit;By the volume of mobile change sealing garbage bucket 1 of the capacity end cap 14 in cylinder 13, the close of kitchen garbage is realized Transporting something containerized is sealed, avoids leaking and give an offensive smell, convenient for cleaning and mechanical automation operation, refuse bag is may replace and recycles.
Further, the fastening end cap 11 is the body structure of round rectangle, with axially extending bore, hasp slot 111, bullet Spring hasp 112 and pin groove 113 can be fastened by snap lock 112 with respect to cylinder 13, it is ensured that sealed reliable.The hasp Slot 111 is rectangular straight slot, is located at upper side and downside of the fastening end cap 11 in round rectangle short side, accommodates snap lock 112. The straight slot refers to the side wall of the perforation fastening end cap 11 of hasp slot 111 so that snap lock 112 may pass through the side of fastening end cap 11 Wall is fastened with cylinder 13.The pin groove 113 is semi-cylindrical recesses, is located at the front and rear sides of hasp slot 111, on side wall With the circular hole penetrated through with hasp slot 111, the axis pin for installing and accommodating snap lock 112.
The snap lock 112 is plate shape fastener, including lever 114, pin buckle 115, pin shaft hole 116 and spring 117, such as Shown in Fig. 2, is fixed in the position for fastening and unclamping, be convenient for manipulator operation.The lever 114 is abutted with hasp slot 111 Side carry semi-cylindrical, is abutted with hasp slot 111 and there are gap, stretched into convenient for manipulator, operate snap lock 112 Fastening and release.The pin buckle 115 is rectangular plate-like structure, is rigidly connected with lever 114, with lever 114 far from axis pin The angle in 116 direction of hole is acute angle, convenient for automatic fastening and self-locking, it is ensured that fastening is reliable, avoids unexpected dropout.The pin shaft hole 116 be circular through hole, can penetrate axis pin, axial vertical with lever 114 so that lever 114 can be rotated relative to axis pin, be driven Pin buckle 115 rotates, and operates the fastening and release of snap lock 112.The spring 117 is the torsionspring that cross section is rectangle, Positioned at the front and rear sides of pin shaft hole 116, and pin shaft hole 116 is bypassed, one end is rigidly connected with lever 114, the other end and fastening End cap 11 is clamped so that lever 114 and pin buckle 115 after release can self-returns, it is ensured that snap lock 112 is in fastening and pine The position opened is fixed, and manipulator operation is convenient for.
Further, the compression end cap 12 is rounded square body structure, and at least 3 sealing rings are carried in side, can It is caught in cylinder 13, and ensures sealed reliable;Convex edge is carried in right end, it can be with respect to 13 axial limiting of cylinder;In the bottom surface of right end Central band has tapped blind hole, can be connected by the tapped blind hole and the push rod of compression mechanism, drive compression end cap 12 with respect to cylinder 13 move left and right, and kitchen garbage are compressed, and kitchen garbage is sealed in cylinder 13, with air exclusion.The tapped blind hole Diameter is less than the axially extending bore of fastening end cap 11, and the axially extending bore is passed through convenient for the push rod of compression mechanism.
Further, the cylinder 13 is the tube structure of rounded square, and outer convex edge is carried in the right end of upper and lower side 131, it is fastened with fastening end cap 11;In the right end of leading flank with mouth 132 is pressed into, for kitchen garbage to be pressed into cylinder 13; The left side of the indentation mouth 132 carries electronic tag, can be communicated with controller and other control devices;On the electronic tag It places with entrance and upward and indicates;Handle 133 is carried in the fillet position of side, convenient for portable, does not influence sealing garbage bucket 1 Stacking place;Left end in side carries ring set 134, is convenient for manipulator operation, but also sealing garbage bucket 1 is stacking placement When left and right ends it is concordant, avoid unstability due to crooked;In left side with convex edge 135 in annular, capacity end cap 14 is realized Axial limiting avoids capacity end cap 14 from deviating to the left.
The outer convex edge 131 is circular arc cylindrical structure, is tilted to the direction far from 13 right side of cylinder, and snap lock is convenient for 112 automatic fastening and self-locking, it is ensured that fastening is reliable, avoids unexpected dropout.The automatic fastening refers to fastening end cap 11 outside When being caught in 13 right end of cylinder under force effect to the left, the pin buckle 115 of snap lock 112 fights the elastic force of spring 117 automatically, opens, It is caught in the left side of outer convex edge 131, and under elastic force effect, automatically into tightening state.The self-locking refers in fastening shape When state, outer convex edge 131 and 115 clamping of pin buckle, and the inertia force for causing surprisingly to thread off that creates antagonism, it is ensured that fastening is reliable.It is described It refers in portable or shipment sealing garbage bucket 1, due to jolting, vibrating, impacting and surprisingly touching to cause the inertia force surprisingly threaded off The inertia force that reasons cause dropout trend such as hit.
The indentation mouth 132 is circular through hole, is located at the right end of leading flank, for kitchen garbage to be pressed into cylinder 13;Directly Diameter is less than the axial length of compression end cap 12, it is ensured that compression end cap 12, can be close when being caught in cylinder 13 and positioned at limit on the left position Envelope indentation mouth 132, with air exclusion.The indentation mouth 132 is most weak sealing part in the sealing state of cylinder 13.Cause This, in order to avoid solid-liquid leaks, the indentation mouth 132 is used as safety valve, it should place upward.The handle 133 is flexible-belt Shape structure, both ends are fixedly connected with the fillet position of cylinder 13, and convenient for portable, the stacking for not influencing sealing garbage bucket 1 is placed.For Convenient for artificial handling, handle 133 at least be arranged 2, in diagonal position.
The ring set 134 is closed banded structure, is looped around the left end of 13 side of cylinder, and fix and connect with cylinder 13 It connects.Upper and lower side of the ring set 134 residing for outer convex edge 131 is thick, thin in front and back sides so that cylinder 13 is in left end and fastening The cross sectional dimensions of end cap 11 is identical, and for sealing garbage bucket 1 when stacking, left and right ends are concordant, avoid unstability due to crooked;Also just In manipulator operation, handling and the stack operation of sealing garbage bucket 1 are completed.The interior convex edge 135 is looped around 13 left side of cylinder Around so that cylinder 13 internally protrudes, and can limit moving to left for capacity end cap 14, realizes the axial limit of capacity end cap 14 Position, avoids capacity end cap 14 from deviating to the left.
Further, the capacity end cap 14 is rounded square body structure, and at least 3 sealing rings are carried in side, Cylinder 13 can be caught in, it is ensured that sealed reliable;It is threaded blind hole in the bottom center of left end, tapped blind hole and compressor can be passed through The push rod of structure connects, and the cylinder 13 relatively of capacity end cap 14 is driven to move left and right, and changes the volume of sealing garbage bucket 1, compression meal Kitchen rubbish, avoids air from entering, and kitchen garbage is sealed in cylinder 13, with air exclusion.The capacity end cap 14 Sealing ring and tapped blind hole are symmetrical with the sealing ring of compression end cap 12 and tapped blind hole structure respectively, and size is identical.It is described Capacity end cap 14, cylinder 13 and compression end cap 12 surround the sealing space of variable volume jointly, accommodate kitchen garbage, realize meal The sealing transporting something containerized of kitchen rubbish, avoids leaking and give an offensive smell, and convenient for cleaning and automated job, may replace refuse bag and recycle makes With.
The depressor 2 that integrates is cylindrical structure, including collection filter cylinder 21, constrictor 22, rotary-cut disk 23 and fixed disk 24, it can Kitchen garbage is collected by collecting filter cylinder 21, and is separated by solid-liquid separation;By the axial movement of constrictor 22, compresses and kitchen rubbish is discharged Rubbish;By the rotation of rotary-cut disk 23, kitchen garbage is slightly cut, stirred and roll, promote to be separated by solid-liquid separation and is compressed;Can automatically cleaning, Avoid dross and winding;It can compress and be discharged kitchen garbage while slightly cutting, stirring and rolling, reduce kitchen garbage Water content realizes Sources decreasing.The thick kitchen garbage of cutting is for frittering and grind relatively, and the kitchen garbage particle of acquisition is straight Diameter is between 10mm to 20mm.
Further, the collection filter cylinder 21 is columnar structured, and the feeding cylinder erect is carried on the right side on upper half cylindrical surface 211, for collecting kitchen garbage;Equally distributed drain hole is carried on lower half cylindrical surface, for filtering out sewage;In the circle The front end of cylinder is with circumferentially equally distributed screw hole, for across trip bolt, being fastened with fixed disk 24;In rear end face With annular seal circle, abuts and seal with the outer of indentation mouth 132 by the annular seal circle, avoid eating in indentation Cylinder 13 is polluted when the rubbish of kitchen.
The feeding cylinder 211 is up big and down small truncated cone-shaped container, erects and places, and is connected in lower end and 21 rigidity of collection filter cylinder It connects so that the kitchen garbage of input enters collection filter cylinder 21 under the effect of gravity.The drain hole is circular through hole, and diameter is in 1mm It between 2mm, being uniformly distributed on the lower half cylindrical surface of collection filter cylinder 21, is flowed out under the effect of gravity convenient for sewage, reduces kitchen The water content of rubbish realizes Sources decreasing.The annular seal circle is fixedly connected with collection 21 rear end face of filter cylinder, realizes opposite pressure The sealing of 132 outer of entrance, and ensure sealed reliable, the seal failure when being abutted with 132 outer of indentation mouth is avoided, cylinder is polluted 13。
Further, the constrictor 22 is circular bar shape structure, and bulb 221, the bulb with compression mechanism are carried in front end Seat forms spherical linkage connection, carries round push plate 222 in rear end, circumferentially uniformly divides in the front/rear end of the push plate 222 Cloth rotary knife hole 223, moves axially under the promotion of the compression mechanism, compressible and kitchen garbage is discharged, can automatically cleaning, avoid Dross and winding, as shown in Figure 3.
The bulb 221 is spherical structure, is detachably connected with the front end of constrictor 22, can be with the ball cup of compression mechanism Spherical linkage connection is formed, can be rotated relative to the ball cup.The push plate 222 is after circular plate type structure, with constrictor 22 End rigid connection coats elastic material in outer surface, the inner surface of collection filter cylinder 21 is scraped by the elastic material, is realized from clear It is clean, avoid dross and winding.The rotary knife hole 223 penetrates through push plate 222, consistent with 231 cross sectional shape of rotary knife of rotary-cut disk 23, uses In across rotary knife 231, the surface of rotary knife 231 can be scraped by the elastic material, automatically cleaning is realized, avoids dross and winding.
Further, the rotary-cut disk 23 is disc-shaped structure, axially extending bore is carried at the center of the disk, described The front surface of disk carries stepped sleeve, and is rigidly connected with the rear end of stepped sleeve;Rigidly connect in the rear surface of the disk Circumferentially equally distributed at least three rotary knife 231 is connect, kitchen garbage can be slightly cut, stir and roll, promote to be separated by solid-liquid separation and is pressed Contracting;Rotary-cut gear 232 is carried in the front end of the stepped sleeve, and is keyed with rotary-cut gear 232, rotary-cut gear 232 is passed through It is engaged with the gear of rotary cutting mechanism, obtains the torque from rotary cutting mechanism.The axially extending bore and stepped sleeve of the rotary-cut disk 23 Inner surface all with the outer surface clearance fit of constrictor 22, be used for constrictor 22 radial positioning.
The rotary knife 231 is axial straight rod-shaped structure, and cross section is interior curved circular triangle or interior curved water droplet Kitchen garbage can slightly be cut, stir and be rolled to shape, promote to be separated by solid-liquid separation and compress, as shown in Figure 4.It is described it is interior it is curved be directed to it is close The curving of rotation center.The Inner arc of the circular triangle is one section of rotational trajectory circle, is avoided when rotated along diameter Kitchen garbage is squeezed to inside.The external arc of the circular triangle is identical as the radius of curvature of Inner arc, along rotation side To front end intersect with the Inner arc, angle is less than 30 degree, forms rotary-cut sword, for slightly cutting kitchen garbage, promotes to compress.Institute The external arc for stating circular triangle, radially stretches, and can radially roll kitchen garbage when rotated, promotes solid-liquid Separation and compression.The circular triangle circular arc opposite with rotary-cut sword may make kitchen garbage in centrifugation masterpiece when rotated It is flowed radially outward with lower edge, generates stirring action, promote to be separated by solid-liquid separation and compressed.
The fixed disk 24 is disc-shaped structure, carries axially extending bore at center, passes through the stepped sleeve of rotary-cut disk 23, real The support and positioning of existing rotary-cut disk 23 are distributed threaded hole in external cylindrical surface upper edge even circumferential, coordinate with trip bolt, realize with Collect the fastening of filter cylinder 21.
The device of the utility model also includes shell, compression mechanism, rotary cutting mechanism, testing agency, operating mechanism and control Device.The shell is at least provided with hydroblasting element and sewage collecting element, the device for fixing the utility model, and with it is new The air port of wind system, running water pipe are connected with downcomer, exclude peculiar smell, flushing and discharge sewage automatically.The compression mechanism band Have the dynamical element and executive component for generating linear reciprocating motion, with the fastening end cap 11 of the utility model, compression end cap 12 and Constrictor 22 connects, and realizes the compression of kitchen garbage.The executive component of the compression mechanism includes at least push rod and ball cup.Institute Rotary cutting mechanism is stated with the dynamical element and gear that generate rotary motion, is engaged with the rotary-cut gear 232 of the utility model, it can be thick Kitchen garbage is cut, stirred and roll, and promotes to be separated by solid-liquid separation and compress.The testing agency carries sensor and camera, until It less can be auxiliary into row metal, ceramics and glass detection, water level detecting, velocity measuring, position detection, pressure detecting and weight detecting Separation metal, ceramics and glass are helped, judges to block and stuck.
The operating mechanism carries dynamical element and manipulator, at least completes fastening and release, the kitchen of fastening end cap 11 Rubbish discharge collection depressor 2 and indentation sealing dustbin 1 start and close to collecting the flushing of 2 element of depressor, sealing garbage bucket 1 It clamps, unclamp, stuck and plugging handling.The stuck axial movement including at least constrictor 22, rotary-cut disk 23 rotate, tightly The axial movement of fixed end lid 11, the axial movement for compressing end cap 12 and the axial movement of capacity end cap 14 are stuck.The blocking Including at least the sewage collecting element being connect with downcomer, the hydroblasting element being connect with running water pipe, feeding cylinder 211 and pressure Entrance 132 blocks.Described stuck and plugging handling, which includes at least, to be changed the direction of motion and speed, changes action logic and alarm.
The controller at least provided with central processing unit, memory, motor control module and communication module, connection power supply, Public communication network, the electronic tag of cylinder 13, sensor and camera coordinate the action of the utility model other elements, and Kitchen garbage processing center is connected by public communication network, carries out information exchange.The kitchen garbage processing center is by rubbish Processing enterprise, garbage reclamation enterprise and Transportation Enterprises are set up jointly, and with environmental sanitation department, environmental protection department, public affairs Reference center, bank and other government supervision IDNet Inter Departmental Nets altogether, receive government regulation and supervision by the public, and exchange kitchen garbage Transporting something containerized information, processing information, charge information and other information.The public communication network includes at least internet and mobile communication Network.
A kind of kitchen garbage sealing collection transportation method is comprised the steps of using the device of the utility model:The first step, visitor Family is by kitchen garbage manual sorting, then puts into feeding cylinder 211;The device of the utility model starts automatically, by slightly cutting, stirring simultaneously It rolls, kitchen garbage is separated by solid-liquid separation and is compressed, is sealed in sealing garbage bucket 1.The kitchen garbage manual sorting refers to visitor Knife, chopsticks, bottle, scissors, fork, spoon, packaging bag and the rope etc. in kitchen garbage are by hand sorted out in family, avoid being mixed into Plastics, glass, ceramics, masonry, fabric and metal garbage.It is preferred that simultaneously by big and hard bone, vegetables and fruits and leather shell etc. It is broken in advance, the device for blocking and damaging the utility model is avoided, garbage disposal burden is reduced.
Second step, after sealing garbage bucket 1 is filled, the device of the utility model is automatically reminded to client and replaces sealing garbage bucket 1, and notify kitchen garbage processing center attendant automatically by public communication network(Hereinafter referred to as attendant)It visits receipts It takes;
Third walks, and on attendant behind the door, fully loaded sealing garbage bucket 1 is exchanged using the empty sealing garbage bucket 1 of equivalent;It receives The fully loaded sealing garbage bucket 1 taken is communicated by electronic tag with the handheld terminal of attendant, automatic charging;And pass through kitchen rubbish The service system of rubbish processing center, the mobile communication with client inform the garbage disposal income of client, reward client.The rubbish Rubbish handles income at least from garbage disposal enterprise, public and social interest's fund and government finance, it is therefore intended that client is to environment for reward The contribution that health, environmental protection, resource consumption and recycling are made.
4th step, fully loaded sealing garbage bucket 1 is by attendant's entrucking, and collection transports to garbage disposal enterprise, at rubbish Manage production line;Into garbage disposal production line sealing garbage bucket 1 after uncapping, emptying, clean, dry and assemble, cycle It uses.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:The sealing garbage bucket 1 of the utility model is with compression end cap 12 and capacity End cap 14 can be changed the volume of sealing garbage bucket 1, can compress kitchen garbage and be sealed in cylinder 13, and air exclusion, Rotten and microbial growth is reduced, is increased economic efficiency;The sealing transporting something containerized that kitchen garbage can be achieved, avoids leaking and distributing smelly Taste may replace refuse bag and recycle convenient for cleaning and mechanical automation operation.The collection depressor 2 of the utility model is with collection Filter cylinder 21, constrictor 22 and rotary-cut disk 23 collect, slightly cut, stir and roll kitchen garbage, complete to be separated by solid-liquid separation and compress, The water content of kitchen garbage is reduced, realizes Sources decreasing;Can automatically cleaning, avoid dross and winding.Compared with prior art, originally The device of utility model realizes the sealing transporting something containerized of kitchen garbage, may replace refuse bag and recycles, and use is avoided to be difficult to drop The polybag of solution also avoids the broken bag process of follow-up garbage disposal, improves garbage treatment efficiency;It can slightly cut, stir simultaneously While rolling, kitchen garbage is compressed and be discharged, is separated by solid-liquid separation and compression efficiency is high, effect is good.The spring of the utility model is taken Button 112 is fixed in the position for fastening and unclamping compared with existing hasp, is convenient for manipulator operation.
The kitchen garbage sealing collection transportation method of the utility model requires client first by kitchen garbage manual sorting, enters back into Flow is collected, manual sorting and the broken bag process of follow-up garbage disposal is can remove, optimizes the industry of conventional garbage transporting something containerized and processing Be engaged in flow, can realize the maximization of rubbish source decreasing, can effectively avoid because error generate rubbish, reduce collecting refuse and The burden of processing.The rubbish generated by error refers to the rubbish generated due to error is thrown away what should not be thrown away, such as because Error throws away fruit knife together with pericarp;Using the method for the utility model, the fruit knife thrown away of slipping up can also be got back Continue to use as fruit knife;And traditional garbage collection method, the fruit knife thrown away of slipping up can only enter waste and old material recycling Flow, waste of resource.The kitchen garbage sealing collection transportation method of the utility model can realize the sealing transporting something containerized of kitchen garbage, avoid letting out It leaks and gives an offensive smell, convenient for cleaning and mechanical automation operation, the working environment of attendant can be improved, improve work effect Rate.Compared with prior art, the kitchen garbage sealing collection transportation method of the utility model may make at the direct rubbish of customer acquisition Income is managed, detest attitude and traditional concept of the people to rubbish can be changed, promotes the culture of garbage classification custom, and improves weight Visual range degree.The utility model proposes kitchen garbage processing centers, can promote government regulation and supervision by the public, can avoid kitchen Rubbish flows into illicit market, avoids the generation of gutter oil, roots out social malignant tumor, can promote garbage reclamation and handle industrial chain Standardization.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the general structure schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged structure schematic diagram of snap lock 112;
Fig. 3 is the example structure schematic diagram of constrictor 22;
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional structure schematic diagram of rotary knife 231.
Reference sign:Sealing garbage bucket 1, fastening end cap 11, hasp slot 111, snap lock 112, pin groove 113, Lever 114, pin shaft hole 116, spring 117, compression end cap 12, cylinder 13, outer convex edge 131, indentation mouth 132, carries pin buckle 115 Hand 133, ring set 134, interior convex edge 135, capacity end cap 14, collection depressor 2, collection filter cylinder 21, feeding cylinder 211, constrictor 22, bulb 221, push plate 222, rotary knife hole 223, rotary-cut disk 23, rotary knife 231, rotary-cut gear 232 and fixed disk 24.
Specific implementation mode
The technical solution of the utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with attached drawing and specific embodiment.Fig. 1 For the general structure schematic diagram of the utility model, 1 sum aggregate depressor 2 of sealing garbage bucket is included at least.The sealing garbage bucket 1 includes Fasten end cap 11, compression end cap 12, cylinder 13 and capacity end cap 14.The fastening end cap 11 is the babinet knot of round rectangle Structure carries axially extending bore, hasp slot 111, snap lock 112 and pin groove 113, preferably engineering plastics injection molded.Fig. 2 is bullet The enlarged structure schematic diagram of spring hasp 112 is the sectional view along front and back symmetrical center line cutting.The snap lock 112 is plate Shape fastener, including lever 114, pin buckle 115, pin shaft hole 116 and spring 117, preferably spring steel plate are by being machined into Shape.
The compression end cap 12 is rounded square body structure, at least 3 sealing rings is carried in side, in right end with convex Edge is threaded blind hole, preferably engineering plastics injection molded in the bottom center of right end.The sealing ring and the utility model The preferred silica gel material hot forming of other sealing rings;The sealing ring and the preferably well known Nian Jie gluing of the connection of compression end cap 12 It connects.The tapped blind hole is preferably machined to shape.
The cylinder 13 is the tube structure of rounded square, outer convex edge 131 is carried in the right end of upper and lower side, in leading flank Right end with indentation mouth 132, carry electronic tag in the left side of the indentation mouth 132, side fillet position with carrying Hand 133, the left end in side carry ring set 134, and in left side with convex edge 135 in annular, preferably stainless steel materials strike out Shape.The preferably well known passive RF label product of the electronic tag.The handle 133 is flexible tape structure, preferably known Leather substance processing, both ends are fixedly connected with 13 fillet position of cylinder, preferably the known metal by being welded with cylinder 13 Band connects.The ring set 134 is closed banded structure, is looped around the left end of 13 side of cylinder, and preferably engineering plastics are molded Forming, with cylinder 13 to be fixedly connected with preferably well known bonding agent Nian Jie.The capacity end cap 14 is rounded square babinet knot Structure, side carry at least 3 sealing rings, be threaded blind hole in the bottom center of left end, with compression end cap 12 selection and Processing technology is identical.
The depressor 2 that integrates is cylindrical structure, including collection filter cylinder 21, constrictor 22, rotary-cut disk 23 and fixed disk 24.It is described It is columnar structured to collect filter cylinder 21, carries the feeding cylinder 211 erect on the right side on upper half cylindrical surface, is carried on lower half cylindrical surface Equally distributed drain hole carries circumferentially equally distributed screw hole, preferably stainless steel materials in the front end on the cylindrical surface It is shaped by mechanical processing.The feeding cylinder 211 is up big and down small truncated cone-shaped container, and preferably stainless steel materials add by machinery Work shapes, the rigid connection preferred weld in lower end and collection filter cylinder 21.
Fig. 3 is the example structure schematic diagram of constrictor 22, is circular bar shape structure, bulb 221 is carried in front end, with compression The ball cup of mechanism forms spherical linkage connection, round push plate 222 is carried in rear end, on the front/rear end edge of the push plate 222 Even circumferential is distributed rotary knife hole 223, whole preferably stainless steel bar forging and mechanical processing forming.The constrictor 22 is in front end Preferred structure be:Upper and lower two symmetrical the face of scabbling are carried in front end, tenon is formed, is carried in the end face center of the tenon Axial threaded hole, and connect with trip bolt by the threaded hole, fixed bulb 221 is formed with the ball cup of compression mechanism Spherical linkage connects;Well known spherical linkage structure can also be used to connect with compression mechanism formation spherical linkage.The push plate 222 The preferred silica gel material hot pressing processing of surface coated elastic material outside.
The rotary-cut disk 23 is disc-shaped structure, axially extending bore is carried at the center of the disk, before the disk Surface carries stepped sleeve, and is rigidly connected with the rear end of stepped sleeve;It is rigidly connected circumferentially in the rear surface of the disk Equally distributed at least three rotary knife 231, the front end of the stepped sleeve carry rotary-cut gear 232, and with rotary-cut gear 232 Key connection.The machined forming of the preferred stainless steel materials of disc-shaped structure of the rotary-cut disk 23, the stepped sleeve are preferred The machined forming of stainless steel pipe, the front surface of the disk and the rigid connection preferred weld of stepped sleeve rear end.Fig. 4 For the cross-sectional structure schematic diagram of rotary knife 231, double dot dash line circle therein indicates that rotational trajectory circle, circular arc arrow indicate rotation side To.The rotary knife 231 is axial straight rod-shaped structure, and cross section is interior curved circular triangle, and preferably cemented carbide material is through powder Last metallurgical forming, the rigid connection with the disk rear surface are preferably brazed.232 preferred carbon sheet of the rotary-cut gear passes through Mechanical processing forming.The fixed disk 24 is disc-shaped structure, and axially extending bore is carried at center, equal in external cylindrical surface upper edge circumference Even distribution threaded hole, the preferably machined forming of stainless steel materials.
The device of the utility model also includes shell, compression mechanism, rotary cutting mechanism, testing agency, operating mechanism and control Device.The shell is at least provided with hydroblasting element and sewage collecting element, the device for fixing the utility model, and with it is new The air port of wind system, running water pipe are connected with downcomer, and preferably stainless steel materials are stamping, preferably integrated with cabinet.With oneself Come connection and the hydroblasting element of water pipe, preferably well known water pipe pipe fitting and sprinkler design processing.Connection with downcomer and The preferably well known stainless steel materials of sewage collecting element and the processing of downcomer tube design.
The compression mechanism is with the dynamical element and executive component that generate linear reciprocating motion, and the executive component is at least Including push rod and ball cup, preferably well known hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic valve design processing.The push rod circular piston rod realization, It uses and is threadedly coupled with the fastening end cap 11 of the utility model, compression end cap 12;The ball cup forms spherical shape with constrictor 22 Hinge connection, preferably well known spherical linkage structural design and processing.The rotary cutting mechanism is with the power member for generating rotary motion Part and gear are engaged with the rotary-cut gear 232 of the utility model.The preferably well known motor of the dynamical element of the rotary cutting mechanism. The testing agency carries sensor and camera, at least can be into row metal, ceramics and glass detection, water level detecting, speed inspection Survey, position detection, pressure detecting and weight detecting, preferably well known sensor and camera design are realized.Auxiliary separation metal, Ceramics and glass judge that blocking and stuck function are realized using well known artificial intelligence technology.The operating mechanism is with dynamic Power element and manipulator, preferably well known motor and manipulator design technology are realized.
The controller at least provided with central processing unit, memory, motor control module and communication module, connection power supply, Public communication network, the electronic tag of cylinder 13, sensor and camera coordinate the action of the utility model other elements, and Connect kitchen garbage processing center by public communication network, carry out information exchange, preferably well known microcontroller, Flash chip, Power module, bluetooth module, network control module and motor control module manufacture and design.The clothes of the kitchen garbage processing center Business system uses well known computer hardware and software realization.The preferably well known mobile phone of the handheld terminal of attendant, develops phase The application software answered is realized.
After kitchen garbage is separated by solid-liquid separation and is compressed by the kitchen garbage sealing collection transportation method of the utility model, it is sealed in sealing In dustbin 1, it is sealed transporting something containerized.Since kitchen garbage is perishable and cooperating microorganisms, flammable biogas is generated so that sealing 1 pressure of dustbin increases, therefore points out:1. sealing garbage bucket 1 is in the device of the utility model, the residence time must not It is long, preferably it is no more than 24 hours in summer, is no more than 48 hours in winter.2. the capacity end cap of fully loaded sealing garbage bucket 1 14 and cylinder 13 between convex edge 135 should there are gap, the 5% to 10% of preferred 13 length of cylinder of length in the gap.3. close Dustbin 1 is sealed in transport and storage, the mark of placement upward of cylinder 13 must be made to be in upward position.Due to being pressed into mouth 132 It is most weak sealing part, is also used as safety valve, in order to avoid solid-liquid leaks, indentation mouth 132 should be upward.4. full The sealing garbage bucket 1 of load is in transport and storage, it should be noted that ventilation and fire prevention avoid being placed in confined space for a long time, preferably spacious Paulin Freight Transport and air storage reduce transport and storage time.
Above-mentioned implementation is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, does not constitute limitations of the present invention.Full Under the conditions of the structure and performance requirement of sufficient the utility model, change material and manufacturing process, all in the protection model of the utility model Within enclosing.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit, includes at least sealing garbage bucket(1)Sum aggregate depressor(2), feature exists In the sealing garbage bucket(1)Use cross section for the tube structure of round rectangle, including fastening end cap(11), compression end cap (12), cylinder(13)With capacity end cap(14), by fastening end cap(11)End cap will be compressed(12)Opposite cylinder(13)Fastening, Sealed reliable is ensured, by compressing end cap(12)Kitchen garbage is compressed and is sealed in cylinder(13)It is interior, with air exclusion, reduce Rotten and microbial growth, increases economic efficiency, passes through capacity end cap(14)In cylinder(13)Interior mobile change seals rubbish Rubbish bucket(1)Volume, realize the sealing transporting something containerized of kitchen garbage, avoid leaking and give an offensive smell, convenient for cleaning and mechanical automation Operation may replace refuse bag and recycle;
The collection depressor(2)For cylindrical structure, including collection filter cylinder(21), constrictor(22), rotary-cut disk(23)With fixed disk (24), can be by collecting filter cylinder(21)Kitchen garbage is collected, and is separated by solid-liquid separation, constrictor is passed through(22)Axial movement, compression And kitchen garbage is discharged, pass through rotary-cut disk(23)Rotation, slightly cut, stir and roll kitchen garbage, promote to be separated by solid-liquid separation and pressure Contracting, can automatically cleaning, avoid dross and winding, can compress and be discharged kitchen garbage while slightly cutting, stirring and rolling, The water content of kitchen garbage is reduced, realizes Sources decreasing.
2. a kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that the fastening end cap (11)For the body structure of round rectangle, axially extending bore, hasp slot are carried(111), snap lock(112)And pin groove(113), Snap lock can be passed through(112)Opposite cylinder(13)Fastening, it is ensured that sealed reliable.
3. a kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the snap lock (112)For plate shape fastener, including lever(114), pin buckle(115), pin shaft hole(116)And spring(117), fastening and unclamping Position fix, be convenient for manipulator operation.
4. a kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that the compression end cap (12)For rounded square body structure, at least 3 sealing rings are carried in side, cylinder can be caught in(13), and ensure sealed reliable, Convex edge is carried in right end, it can be with respect to cylinder(13)Axial limiting is threaded blind hole in the bottom center of right end, can be with compressor The push rod of structure connects, and moves left and right, and compresses kitchen garbage;
The cylinder(13)For the tube structure of rounded square, outer convex edge is carried in the right end of upper and lower side(131), with fastening end Lid(11)Fastening carries indentation mouth in the right end of leading flank(132), for kitchen garbage to be pressed into cylinder(13), in the pressure Entrance(132)Left side carry electronic tag, on the electronic tag with entrance and upward place indicate, the circle in side Angle Position carries handle(133), side left end carry ring set(134), it is convenient for manipulator operation, but also sealing garbage bucket (1)When stacking placement, left and right ends are concordant, in left side with convex edge in annular(135), realize capacity end cap(14)'s Axial limiting;
The indentation mouth(132)For circular through hole, diameter is less than compression end cap(12)Axial length, it is ensured that compression end cap(12) Salable indentation mouth(132), with air exclusion;The indentation mouth(132)As safety valve, it should place upward;
The capacity end cap(14)For rounded square body structure, at least 3 sealing rings are carried in side, cylinder can be caught in (13), it is ensured that sealed reliable is threaded blind hole in the bottom center of left end, can be connect with the push rod of compression mechanism, and left and right is moved It is dynamic, change sealing garbage bucket(1)Volume, avoid air from entering.
5. a kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that the collection filter cylinder (21)To be columnar structured, feeding cylinder is carried on the right side on upper half cylindrical surface(211), for collecting kitchen garbage, in lower half circle Equally distributed drain hole is carried on cylinder, for filtering out sewage, is carried in the front end on the cylindrical surface and is circumferentially uniformly distributed Screw hole, for across trip bolt, with fixed disk(24)Fastening carries annular seal circle in rear end face, with indentation mouth (132)Outer abut and seal;
The constrictor(22)For circular bar shape structure, bulb is carried in front end(221), spherical shape is formed with the ball cup of compression mechanism Hinge connection carries round push plate in rear end(222), in the push plate(222)Front/rear end be circumferentially uniformly distributed rotary knife Hole(223), axial movement is compressible and kitchen garbage is discharged, can automatically cleaning, avoid dross and winding;
The rotary-cut disk(23)For disc-shaped structure, axially extending bore is carried at the center of the disk, in the preceding table of the disk Face carries stepped sleeve, in rear surface rigid connection circumferentially equally distributed at least three rotary knife of the disk(231), can Kitchen garbage is slightly cut, stirred and roll, promote to be separated by solid-liquid separation and is compressed, rotary-cut gear is carried in the front end of the stepped sleeve (232), engaged with the gear of rotary cutting mechanism, obtain torque;
The fixed disk(24)For disc-shaped structure, axially extending bore is carried at center, passes through rotary-cut disk(23)Stepped sleeve, it is real Existing rotary-cut disk(23)Support and positioning, external cylindrical surface upper edge even circumferential be distributed threaded hole, with trip bolt coordinate, realize With collection filter cylinder(21)Fastening.
CN201820287535.5U 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 A kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit Active CN207903250U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108249076A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-07-06 鲁东大学 A kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108249076A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-07-06 鲁东大学 A kind of household kitchen garbage sealing collection shipping unit

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