CN207811633U - A kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system - Google Patents

A kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207811633U
CN207811633U CN201721902366.3U CN201721902366U CN207811633U CN 207811633 U CN207811633 U CN 207811633U CN 201721902366 U CN201721902366 U CN 201721902366U CN 207811633 U CN207811633 U CN 207811633U
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retort
tank
liquid
outer barrel
green algae
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陈灿坤
陈友宁
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FUJIAN HAIXING HEALTH FOOD Co Ltd
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FUJIAN HAIXING HEALTH FOOD Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of retort extracted dedicated for green algae polysaccharide and removes slag piece-rate system, including the identical retort of several structures, and liquid outlet and slag-drip opening are offered in retort;The liquid outlet of all retort is connected to wet tank;A centrifuge is arranged in the outside of all retort;The inner cavity of the inner cylinder of the centrifuge is filter bag placed cavity, and the aperture of filter bag is 500~600 mesh;The upper edge of inner cylinder is less than the upper edge of outer barrel, is provided with feed pipe on the outer barrel body sidewall above inner cylinder, feed pipe extends to the top of inner cylinder nozzle, and the slag-drip opening of all retort is connected to the feed pipe;It is covered with liquid-leaking nozzle on inner cylinder;The bottom of outer barrel is further opened with discharge outlet, the discharge outlet again successively with second liquid pump, wet tank sequential communication.The utility model not only substantially reduces the workload of centrifuge, but also more as possible can be collected to green algae polysaccharide, avoids wasting.

Description

A kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to green algae polysaccharide production equipment field, especially a kind of dedicated for the anti-of green algae polysaccharide extraction Tank is answered to remove slag piece-rate system.
Background technology
Marine green algae(Scientific name:Sea lettuce, sliver sea lettuce, U. pertusa, Enteromorpha)It is a kind of algae of large-scale doctor's food homology. Seaweed is the important component that China enriches plant resources, related with the rise for developing and using marine algae resource upsurge The research of seaweed pharmacological effects and bioactive ingredients constantly expands and gos deep into.
Domestic and international studies have shown that green algae polysaccharide has extensive bioactivity and medicinal function, have good reducing blood lipid, Antitumor, antiviral, antibacterial adjusts the various biologicals such as immunity, anti-oxidant, antifatigue, hypoglycemic and radioresistance activity.
It is not high in view of the green algae polysaccharide recovery rate of existing green algae polysaccharide extractive technique, and extraction cost is higher(For example, existing Some green algae polysaccharide extractive techniques mostly use Enteromorpha dry powder as raw material, and raw material disposal is of high cost), therefore, existing green alga Polyose extraction technology rests on the laboratory research stage mostly.Also, related green algae polysaccharide extraction life is also had no in the prior art Produce the report of equipment.
When carrying out the extraction of green algae polysaccharide using Hot water extraction, the entire production line has to use for hot water extraction Retort and retort for alcohol precipitation.Usually all there was only one outlet in the bottom of existing retort.For heat In the retort of flooding, polysaccharide is dissolved in water, and the bulky grain solid material in retort is actually mostly dietary fiber(Diet is fine Dimension needs are abandoned), and just contain green algae polysaccharide in liquid material;In the retort for alcohol precipitation, polysaccharide is in wine It flocculates in essence agglomerating, a large amount of green algae polysaccharide is contained in the sediment in retort, and liquid material is actually alcoholic solution. But cannot achieve Scatter Gather and the processing of solid and liquid in it due to existing retort itself, for heat The retort of flooding needs to realize its separation of solid and liquid by centrifugation apparatus, to obtain the liquids containing green algae polysaccharide Material;Retort for alcohol precipitation needs to obtain the sediment containing green algae polysaccharide by centrifugation apparatus.Therefore, existing When retort is used as the retort of green algae polysaccharide extraction, there are following defects:(1)Since retort itself cannot achieve in it The Scatter Gather and processing of solid and liquid need to realize its separation of solid and liquid, usually, retort by centrifugation apparatus Volume is larger, and the volume of centrifugation apparatus is smaller, using centrifugation apparatus be separated by solid-liquid separation and seriously restricts production efficiency;(2) Some operators can be after the completion of retort be reacted, and by standing a period of time, the solid material of bulky grain can be deposited in reaction In tank, to realize the separation of solid and liquid of mixture in retort, then to required solid sediment(Or supernatant)It is collected, Unwanted supernatant(Or solid sediment)It directly abandons, still, more green alga is also contained in the part material of discarding Therefore polysaccharide causes waste;(3)For the retort for hot water extraction, since the viscosity of green algae polysaccharide is very big, The viscosity of solidliquid mixture after reaction is larger, and longer centrifugation time is needed when centrifugation apparatus centrifuges it, in addition, instead The solidliquid mixture in tank is answered all centrifugation apparatus to be required for be centrifuged so that the workload of centrifuge is huge, and energy consumption is also big.
Invention content
The utility model is intended to provide a kind of retort extracted dedicated for green algae polysaccharide and removes slag piece-rate system, the system The workload of centrifuge is not only substantially reduced, but also more as possible green algae polysaccharide can be collected, avoids wasting.
A kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system, including the identical reaction of several structures Tank is both provided with feed inlet on the roof of retort, agitating device is equipped in retort, is opened up on the side wall of retort lower part There is a liquid outlet, and liquid outlet is provided with liquid control valve, retort bottom offers slag-drip opening, the row of being provided at slag-drip opening Slag valve;The liquid outlet of all retort again successively with the first liquid pump and wet tank sequential communication;All retort A centrifuge is arranged in outside;The centrifuge includes outer barrel and driving device, and lid, lid and outer barrel are provided with above outer barrel Body split settings, are provided with cover locking device between outer barrel and lid;An inner cylinder, a center are coaxially arranged in outer barrel Shaft along outer barrel central axis rotatably pass through outer barrel bottom wall and be fixed on the bottom wall of inner cylinder, inner cylinder with Liquid cavity is formed between outer barrel, central rotating shaft is driven by driving device and rotated;The inner cavity of inner cylinder is filter bag placed cavity, The aperture of filter bag is 500~600 mesh;The upper edge of inner cylinder is less than the upper edge of outer barrel, the outer barrel above inner cylinder Be provided with feed pipe on side wall, feed pipe extends to the top of inner cylinder nozzle, the slag-drip openings of all retort with the charging Pipe is connected to;It is covered with liquid-leaking nozzle on inner cylinder;The bottom of outer barrel is further opened with discharge outlet, the discharge outlet again successively with second liquid Pump, wet tank sequential communication.
Most of liquid material in the utility model in retort enters liquid storage through its liquid outlet, the first liquid pump In tank, centrifuge is needed not move through, greatly reduces the workload of centrifuge.Also, since green alga viscosity itself is larger, use The sediment viscosity made in the retort of hot water extraction tank is also larger, if only with the filter bag that aperture is 500~600 mesh, Residual liquid is difficult to filter out in sediment, and still, filter bag aperture is excessive, and small molecule sediment can be caused to be filtered with moisture Go out, therefore, the prior art is usually by the direct discard processing of sediment in retort, and the utility model is to filter bag aperture On the basis of being defined, coordinate the centrifugal action of centrifuge, can realize the supernatant in retort(Including normal dissolved form The green algae polysaccharide and soluble protein of state)It is thrown out of filter bag, and sediment is fully blocked in filter bag, realizes solid Being completely separated for material and liquid material, avoids wasting;Also, the liquid material in retort is all collected in wet tank It is interior, and solid material is all collected in centrifuge, realize automation carries out dispersion receipts to solid material and liquid material Collection is suitable for industrialization extraction green algae polysaccharide.
Further, all retort are both used as hot water extraction tank.At this point, wet tank it is built-in be that green algae polysaccharide carries Take liquid.In specific implementation process, the quantity of retort is preferably 1, facilitates control.
Further, all retort are both used as alcohol steep tank, at this point, wet tank it is built-in be Diluted Alcohol. In specific implementation process, the quantity of retort be preferably 4, it can be achieved that daily output 100kg green algae polysaccharide dry products demand.
When the quantity of the retort is >=2, all retort are set up in parallel, rationally distributed.
The centrifuge is preferably placed on the lower section of all retort, at this point, the slag-drip opening of all retort with centrifugation The charging pipeline of machine is connected to.
When quantity >=2 of retort, in order to avoid the reaction time is long in retort, it is unfavorable for polysaccharide and solubility The extraction of albumen, a temporary tank is set to the side of all retort, and is connected to the slag-drip opening of all retort, it is described from Scheming is set to the side of temporary tank.During the work time, the sediment in retort enters through its slag-drip opening in temporary tank, people Work will centrifuge in the filter bag in the sediment loading centrifuge in temporary tank.Further, described be temporarily stored in is set to The lower section of all retort, and be connected to the equal pipeline of the slag-drip opening of all retort.
Further, when the quantity of retort is >=2, it is respectively provided with inlet valve at the feed inlet of each retort, this When, during the work time, it can control the inlet valve of only one retort to open, the inlet valve of remaining reaction tank is turned off.
Further, it is both provided with water inlet at the top of the retort, facilitates and adds water or dense second into retort Alcohol.In specific implementation process, when retort is both used as alcohol precipitation tank, the outlet of wet tank again successively with the 15th water Pump(When wet tank includes >=2 storage list tanks, the outlet of the wet tank is connected to the 15th water pump), alcohol The outlet of recovery tower, the 16th water pump sequential communication, the 16th water pump connects with the water inlet conduit at the top of all retort again It is logical, to realize the recycling of alcohol.Also, further, the water inlet of all retort is both provided with inlet valve.
The agitating device uses mechanical agitating vane, and mixing effect is more preferable, is suitble to the extraction of green algae polysaccharide.
Further, liquid cavity below the inner cylinder is tilted to be provided with liquid barrier, and discharge outlet is set to gear On the corresponding outer barrel body sidewall of liquid plate extreme lower position, the aqueous solution conducive to polysaccharide, soluble protein isoreactivity ingredient is discharged in time.
The filter bag preferably uses bag filter, is easy to be commercially available.
Further, it is coated with insulation jacket on the outside of the retort, is kept the temperature conducive to retort.
Further, outlet pipe is inserted in the liquid outlet of the retort, the inner end of outlet pipe stretches into tank body and is in Bending, liquid control valve are set on outlet pipe, at this time more supernatants in smokable retort.
The fluid storage list tank that the wet tank is set up in parallel by several forms, each liquid storage in wet tank The entrance of deposit receipt tank is connected to the first liquid pump and second liquid pump simultaneously.The quantity of fluid storage list tank can be according to production need It is adjusted at random.During Concrete facts, the inlet of each fluid storage list tank in wet tank is both provided with Liquid feed valve.At this point, during the work time, can control the liquid feed valve of one of fluid storage list tank in the open state, remaining Fluid storage list tank be in closed state.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of embodiment 2;
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of embodiment 3;
Fig. 4 is perspective structure figure of the centrifuge of the utility model when not placing filter bag, and wherein inner cylinder is section view Figure;
Fig. 5 be the utility model centrifuge after placed filter bag, state of charge when perspective structure figure, wherein in Cylinder is sectional view;
Fig. 6 be the utility model centrifuge after placed filter bag, apocarpy when perspective structure figure, wherein in Cylinder is sectional view;
Fig. 7 be using the utility model retort remove slag piece-rate system from fresh green alga extract green algae polysaccharide life The structure diagram of producing line, wherein part A is that the retort of embodiment 1 shown in FIG. 1 removes slag piece-rate system, and part B is embodiment The retort of embodiment 2 shown in 2 removes slag piece-rate system.
Specific implementation mode
3 kinds of better embodiments of the utility model are illustrated in conjunction with attached drawing attached drawing:
Embodiment 1
In conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 4~6, a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system, including several The identical retort of a structure, all retort are both used as hot water extraction tank 11, and the structure of each hot water extraction tank 11 is as follows:Instead Answer tank(Hot water pot for solvent extraction)It is both provided with feed inlet 115 on 11 roof, agitating device 112 is installed, instead in retort 11 It answers and offers liquid outlet 111 on the side wall of 11 lower part of tank, and be provided with liquid control valve 117, retort at liquid outlet 111 Slag-drip opening 113 is offered on 11 bottom wall, and residual cake valve 114 is provided at slag-drip opening 113;The liquid outlet of all retort 11 111 again successively with 34 sequential communication of the first liquid pump 23 and wet tank;One centrifuge 27 is located under all retort 11 Side;The centrifuge 27 includes outer barrel 51 and driving device 52, and 51 top of outer barrel is provided with lid 53, lid 53 and outer barrel 51 split settings are provided with cover locking device 54 between outer barrel 51 and lid 53;An inner cylinder is coaxially arranged in outer barrel 51 Body 56, a central rotating shaft 55 rotatably pass through the bottom wall of outer barrel 51 along the central axis of outer barrel 51 and are fixed on inner cylinder On 51 bottom wall, liquid cavity 511 is formed between inner cylinder 56 and outer barrel 51, central rotating shaft 55 is turned by the driving of driving device 52 It is dynamic;The inner cavity of inner cylinder 56 is 57 placed cavity of filter bag, and the aperture of filter bag 57 is 500~600 mesh;The upper edge of inner cylinder 56 Less than the upper edge of outer barrel 51, it is provided with feed pipe 58 on 51 side wall of outer barrel of 56 top of inner cylinder, feed pipe 58 extends To the top of 56 nozzle of inner cylinder, the slag-drip opening 113 of all retort 11 is connected to 58 pipeline of feed pipe;On inner cylinder 56 It is covered with liquid-leaking nozzle 59;The bottom of outer barrel 51 is further opened with discharge outlet 510, the discharge outlet 510 again successively with second liquid pump 40, 34 sequential communication of wet tank.
Wherein, the quantity of retort 11 is 1.At this point, wet tank 34 it is built-in be green algae polysaccharide extracting solution.
Embodiment 2
In conjunction with Fig. 2 and Fig. 4~6, a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system, including several The identical retort of a structure, and all retort are both used as alcohol precipitation tank 19, the structure of each alcohol precipitation tank 19 is as follows: Retort(That is alcohol precipitation tank)It is both provided with feed inlet 196 on 19 roof, agitating device 194 is installed in retort 19, Liquid outlet 195 is offered on the side wall of 19 lower part of retort, and is provided with liquid control valve 198 at liquid outlet 195, is reacted Slag-drip opening 191 is offered on the bottom wall of tank 19, and residual cake valve 192 is provided at slag-drip opening 191;The liquid outlet of all retort 19 195 again successively with 29 sequential communication of the first liquid pump 28 and wet tank;One centrifuge 20 is located under all retort 19 Side, the centrifuge 20 include outer barrel 51 and driving device 52, and 51 top of outer barrel is provided with lid 53, lid 53 and outer barrel 51 split settings are provided with cover locking device 54 on the outside of 51 opening of outer barrel;In being worn vertically on 51 bottom wall of outer barrel Heart shaft 55, rotation is arranged an inner cylinder 56 with one heart in outer barrel 51, and a central rotating shaft 55 can along the central axis of outer barrel 51 Rotation across outer barrel 51 bottom wall and be fixed on the bottom wall of inner cylinder 51, form liquid between inner cylinder 56 and outer barrel 51 Body cavity 511, inner cylinder 56 are fixedly connected with central rotating shaft 55, and central rotating shaft 55 is driven by driving device 52 and rotated;Inner cylinder 56 inner cavity is 57 placed cavity of filter bag, and the aperture of filter bag 57 is 500~600 mesh;The upper edge of inner cylinder 56 is less than outer barrel The upper edge of body 51 is provided with feed pipe 58 on 51 side wall of outer barrel of the top of inner cylinder 56, and feed pipe 58 extends to inner cylinder The slag-drip opening 191 of 56 top, all retort 19 is connected to the feed pipe 58;It is covered with liquid-leaking nozzle 59 on inner cylinder 56;Outside The bottom of cylinder 51 offers discharge outlet 510, which connects with second liquid pump 39,29 sequence of wet tank successively again It is logical.
Wherein, the quantity of retort 19 is 1.At this point, wet tank 29 it is built-in be Diluted Alcohol.
Embodiment 3
Piece-rate system, including several structures as shown in figure 3, a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag Identical retort, and all retort are used as alcohol precipitation tank 19, embodiment 3 and embodiment 2 the difference is that:Instead Answer tank(That is alcohol precipitation tank)19 quantity is 4.
In the course of work, closing liquid control valve(117、198)And residual cake valve(114、192), green alga algae slurry is through feed inlet (115、196)Into retort(11、19)It is interior, in agitating device(112、194)Stirring action under reacted, reaction complete Afterwards, agitating device(112、194)Stop stirring, stands;At this point, opening centrifuge(27、20)Lid 53, filter bag 57 is put In 57 placed cavity of filter bag being placed in, and the opening of filter bag 57 is opened in the underface of feed pipe 58;Wait for retort(11、 19)After interior solid material is deposited in tank base, liquid control valve is first turned on(117、198), retort(11、19)Interior Supernatant is through liquid outlet(111、195), the first liquid pump(33、28)Into wet tank(34、29)It is interior, wait for retort(11、 19)Interior supernatant all enters wet tank(34、29)Afterwards, closing liquid control valve(117、198);Then, residual cake valve is opened (114、192), retort(11、19)Interior sediment is through slag-drip opening(113、191), centrifuge(27、20)Feed pipe 58 into In the filter bag 57 for entering the first centrifuge 27;When bag 57 to be filtered is filled very likely, residual cake valve is closed(114、192), and incited somebody to action The sack of filter bag 57 is fastened, and lid 53 is covered;Start driving device 52, which drives central rotating shaft 55 to rotate, and Inner cylinder 56 is driven to rotate, under the influence of centrifugal force, the liquid solution in filter bag 57 is thrown out of, and bulky grain solid material It is blocked in filter bag 57, liquid solution reaches liquid cavity 61 through liquid-leaking nozzle 59 again, and is flowed out from discharge outlet 60, most passes through afterwards Second liquid pumps(40、39)Pumping liquid storage tank(34、29)It is interior.
Retort in the utility model(11、19)Interior most of liquid material is through its liquid outlet(111、195), first Liquid pump(33、28)Into wet tank(34、29)It is interior, centrifuge is needed not move through, the work of centrifuge is greatly reduced Amount.Also, since green alga viscosity itself is larger, the sediment viscosity being used as in the retort of hot water extraction tank is also larger, if only Use aperture for the filter bag 57 of 500~600 mesh, residual liquid is difficult to filter out in sediment, still, 57 aperture of filter bag It is excessive, and small molecule sediment can be caused to be filtered out with moisture, therefore, the prior art is usually by retort(11、19)Interior precipitation The direct discard processing of object, and the utility model coordinates centrifuge on the basis of being defined to 57 aperture of filter bag(27、20) Centrifugal action, can realize retort(11、19)Interior supernatant(Green algae polysaccharide including normal dissolved state and solubility Albumen)It is thrown out of filter bag 57, and sediment is fully blocked in filter bag 57, realizes solid material and liquid material It is completely separated, avoids wasting;Also, retort(11、19)Interior liquid material is all collected in wet tank(34、29)It is interior, And solid material is all collected in centrifuge(27、20)It is interior, realize dividing solid material and liquid material for automation It dissipates and collects, be suitable for industrialization extraction green algae polysaccharide.
Further, as shown in figure 3, when the quantity of retort is >=2, all retort(11、19)Side by side Setting, it is rationally distributed.
Further, when the quantity of the retort is >=2, in order to avoid retort(11、19)The interior reaction time It is long, it is unfavorable for the extraction of polysaccharide and soluble protein, as shown in figure 3, a temporary tank 22 is set to the side of all retort 19 Side, and be connected to the slag-drip opening of all retort 19 191, the centrifuge 20 is set to the side of temporary tank 22.It is working In the process, the sediment in retort 19 enters through its slag-drip opening 191 in temporary tank 22, manually by the sediment in temporary tank 22 It is centrifuged in the filter bag 57 being packed into centrifuge 20.Certainly, the hot water extraction tank 11 of embodiment 1 is also not necessarily limited to attached drawing 1 Quantity may be >=2.The temporary tank 22 is preferably placed on the lower section of all retort 19, and with all retort 19 191 equal pipeline of slag-drip opening connection.
Further, it when the quantity of retort is >=2, such as attached drawing 3, is set at the feed inlet 196 of each retort 19 Inlet valve 1911 is set, at this point, during the work time, can control the inlet valve 1911 of only one retort 19 to open, remaining reaction The inlet valve 1911 of tank 19 is turned off.Certainly, the hot water extraction tank 11 of embodiment 1 is also not necessarily limited to the quantity of attached drawing 1, can also It is >=2, can also further uses this structure, inlet valve is set at the feed inlet 115 of hot water extraction tank 11.
Further, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, the top of the retort 19 is both provided with water inlet 197, facilitates to anti- Answer addition water or dense ethyl alcohol in tank 19.Certainly, the hot water extraction tank 11 of embodiment 1 is also not necessarily limited to the structure of attached drawing 1, also may be used Water inlet is arranged at the top of retort 11.In specific implementation process, when retort is both used as alcohol precipitation tank 19, such as Shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the outlet of wet tank 29 again successively with the 15th water pump 30(When wet tank 29 includes that >=2 storages are single When tank 291, the outlet of the wet tank 29 is connected to the 15th water pump 30), alcohol distillation column 31, the 16th water pump 32 it is suitable Sequence is connected to, and the outlet of the 16th water pump 32 is connected to 197 pipeline of water inlet at all 19 tops of retort again, to realize wine The recycling of essence.Also, it is further, as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, be both provided at the water inlet 197 of all retort 19 into Water valve 1910.
The agitating device 192 uses mechanical agitating vane, and mixing effect is more preferable, is suitble to the extraction of green algae polysaccharide.
Further, as shown in figures 4-6, the liquid cavity 511 of 56 lower section of the inner cylinder is tilted is provided with liquid barrier 512, and discharge outlet 510 is set on corresponding 51 side wall of outer barrel of 512 extreme lower position of liquid barrier, is conducive to polysaccharide, soluble egg The aqueous solution of white isoreactivity ingredient is discharged in time.
The filter bag 57 preferably uses bag filter, is easy to be commercially available.
Further, as shown in Figure 1, the outside of the retort 11 is coated with insulation jacket 118, it is conducive to retort 11 It is kept the temperature.Certainly, the alcohol pot for solvent extraction 19 of embodiment 2 and embodiment 3 can also coat insulation jacket.
Further, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, it is inserted with outlet pipe 199 in the liquid outlet 195 of the retort 19, gone out The inner end of water pipe 199 stretches into tank body and is in bending, and liquid control valve 198 is set on outlet pipe 199, smokable reaction at this time More supernatants in tank 19.Certainly, outlet pipe can also be plugged in the liquid outlet 111 of the hot water extraction tank 11 of embodiment 1, The inner end of outlet pipe stretches into tank body and is in bending, and liquid control valve 117 is set on outlet pipe.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, the wet tank(34、29)The fluid storage list tank being set up in parallel by several(341、 291)Composition, wet tank(34、29)In each fluid storage list tank(341、291)Entrance simultaneously with the first liquid pump (33、28)It is pumped with second liquid(40、39)Connection.Certainly, fluid storage list tank(341、291)Quantity be not limited to attached drawing 1 In 2 and attached drawing 2, attached drawing 3 in 1, can according to production need be adjusted at random.During Concrete facts, such as Shown in Fig. 1, the inlet of each fluid storage list tank 341 in wet tank 34 is both provided with liquid feed valve 342.At this point, in work During work, it can control the liquid feed valve 342 of one of fluid storage list tank 341 in the open state, remaining fluid storage Single tank 341 is in closed state.Certainly, the inlet of the wet tank 29 of the embodiments of the present invention 2 and embodiment 3 Liquid feed valve can be set.
Further, as shown in FIG. 1 to 3, the wet tank(34、29)Exit be provided with liquid valve(343、 292)It is connected to the 7th water pump).
In conjunction with Fig. 1, Fig. 2(Or Fig. 3)And Fig. 7, it is a kind of to be gone using the above-mentioned retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction Slag piece-rate system from fresh green alga extract green algae polysaccharide production line, along production line direction be sequentially connected setting cleaning machine 1, The side of first conveying device 2, dewaterer 3, dewaterer 3 is provided with the second conveying device 4, and one end of the second conveying device 4 is It is provided with shredding machine 5 immediately below feed end, other end discharge end, it is temporary that first is undertaken immediately below the discharge port of shredding machine 5 Slot 6 is provided with water inlet pipe 61 on first temporary tank 6, and the other end of water inlet pipe 61 is connected to the generation device 7 of 40-55 DEG C of warm water, Water valve 62 is provided on water inlet pipe 61, the bottom of the first temporary tank 6 is provided with discharge port 63, the discharge port 63 of the first temporary tank 6 Successively with the first water pump 8, colloid mill 9,10 sequential communication of the 4th water pump;4th water pump 10 is special with one kind described in embodiment 1 again Door for green algae polysaccharide extraction retort remove slag piece-rate system connection(The reaction of piece-rate system kind at this point, the retort removes slag Tank is completely used as hot water extraction tank 11, and the 4th water pump 10 is connected to the feed inlet 115 of all hot water extraction tanks 11 simultaneously), liquid Body storage tank 34 again successively with the 7th water pump 12(The outlet of all liq storage tank 34 is connected to the 7th water pump), heat exchanger 13, 9th water pump 14, membrane filter system 15, the 11st water pump 16, enrichment facility 17,18 sequential communication of the 12nd water pump, the 12nd water Pump 18 is connected to connection with a kind of retort piece-rate system that removes slag dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction described in embodiment 2 again(This When, the retort remove slag piece-rate system kind retort be completely used as the 19, the 12nd water pump 18 of alcohol precipitation tank simultaneously with it is all Alcohol pot for solvent extraction 19 feed inlet 196 be connected to);The side of centrifuge 20 is provided with for the solid after being centrifuged to centrifuge 20 The vacuum drier 21 that wet feed is dried.
According to the green algae polysaccharide production technology that the above-mentioned production line for extracting green algae polysaccharide from fresh green alga carries out, including with Lower step:
1. acquiring fresh green alga, after selecting impurity removal algae, it is put into cleaning machine 1 and is cleaned, is come out from cleaning machine 1 clean Green alga is dehydrated through the first conveying device 2 into dewaterer 3(Also the salinity on frond surface can be got rid of while dehydration), take off The moisture for going at least frond surface 20% obtains dewatered green alga, which enters through the second conveying device 4 again After shredding machine 5 shreds, fall into the first temporary tank 6;
2. opening the water valve 62 on the water inlet pipe 61 of the first temporary tank 6, the generation device 7 of 40-55 DEG C of warm water passes through water inlet Pipe 61 injects 1~3 times of green alga volume, 40-55 DEG C of warm water into the first temporary tank 6, closes water valve 62, in the first temporary tank 6 Green alga and the mixed liquor of warm water enter colloid mill 9 through the first water pump 8, it is micron-sized algae to obtain including green alga grain diameter Slurry;
3. algae slurry enters through the 4th water pump 10 in hot water extraction tank 11 again, the water temperature in hot water extraction tank 11 is controlled in 55- 75 DEG C, 90min or more is persistently stirred, is stood, the supernatant in hot water extraction tank 11 is by its liquid outlet 111 through the first liquid Pump 33 enters in wet tank 34, then is cooled to temperature as 55 DEG C hereinafter, again successively into heat exchanger 13 through the 7th water pump 12 Through the 9th water pump 14, ultrafiltration apparatus 15, the 11st water pump 16, enrichment facility 17, the 12nd water pump 18, into alcohol precipitation tank 19;
4. after green algae polysaccharide completes precipitation operation in alcohol precipitation tank 19, the residual cake valve of alcohol precipitation tank 19 is opened 192, the sediment in alcohol precipitation tank 19 is entered by its slag-drip opening 191 in centrifuge 20, after the centrifugation of centrifuge 20, is taken out Filter cake is put into drying in vacuum drier 21, obtains green algae polysaccharide dry product.
It is a kind of to be removed slag using the above-mentioned retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction also, in specific implementation process Piece-rate system extracts green alga proteoglycan from fresh green alga(" green alga proteoglycan " is green algae polysaccharide and green alga solubility egg White general designation)Production line can also improve as follows:
(1)As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, between the colloid mill 9 and the 4th water pump 10 setting is sequentially connected along production line direction Second water pump 23, ultrasonic extractor 24, can further improve the yield of green algae polysaccharide;
(2)As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, between the colloid mill 9 and the 4th water pump 10 setting is sequentially connected along production line direction Third water pump 25, enzymolysis and extraction tank 26, can further improve the yield of green algae polysaccharide;In specific implementation process, set when simultaneously When setting ultrasonic extractor 24 and enzymolysis and extraction tank 26, it is preferred to use:Along production line side between the colloid mill 9 and the 4th water pump 10 To being sequentially connected, the second water pump 23, ultrasonic extractor 24, third water pump 25 and enzymolysis and extraction tank 26 are set(Institute as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 Show), after supersonic wave wall breaking, hydrolysis result is more preferable;
(3)The ultrafiltration apparatus 15 preferably uses film core film, and certainly, ultrafiltration apparatus 15 can also use other common super Filter equipment(Such as bag filter);
(4)The enrichment facility 17 preferably uses vacuum concentrating apparatus, enrichment facility 17 preferably to use dual-effect concentrator, when So, enrichment facility 17 can also use other common enrichment facilities;
(5)Between the heat exchanger 3 and the 9th water pump 14 along production line direction be sequentially communicated setting the 8th water pump 35 and Second storage tank 36.Second storage tank 36 plays the role of temporary extracting solution, is conducive to the entire production line and orderly carries out.In Concrete facts In the process, the second storage tank 36 preferably uses the single tank of one second storage.Certainly, second contained by second storage tank 36 of the utility model The quantity of the single tank of storage is not limited to one in attached drawing, can be adjusted as needed to the quantity of the single tank of the second storage;
(6)Between the membrane filter system 15 and the 11st water pump 16 the tenth water pump of setting is sequentially communicated along production line direction 37 and third storage tank 38.Third storage tank 38 plays the role of temporary extracting solution, is conducive to the entire production line and orderly carries out.Specific During the fact, third storage tank 38 preferably uses a single tank of third storage.Certainly, contained by the third storage tank 38 of the utility model The quantity of the single tank of third storage is not limited to two in attached drawing, and the quantity that can store single tank to third as needed is adjusted It is whole;
(10)7th water pump 12 preferably use Piping Centrifugal Pumps, the supernatant in hot water extraction tank 11 can be carried out from It is further processed again after heart filtering.Certainly, the 7th water pump 12 can also use other common water pumps.

Claims (10)

  1. The piece-rate system 1. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag, it is characterised in that:Including several structures Identical retort is both provided with feed inlet on the roof of retort, agitating device is equipped in retort, retort lower part Liquid outlet is offered on side wall, and liquid outlet is provided with liquid control valve, retort bottom offers slag-drip opening, slag-drip opening Place is provided with residual cake valve;The liquid outlet of all retort again successively with the first liquid pump and wet tank sequential communication;Institute There is the outside of retort that one centrifuge is set;The centrifuge includes outer barrel and driving device, and lid is provided with above outer barrel, Lid and outer barrel split settings, are provided with cover locking device between outer barrel and lid;It is coaxially arranged in one in outer barrel Cylinder, a central rotating shaft rotatably pass through the bottom wall of outer barrel along the central axis of outer barrel and are fixed on the bottom wall of inner cylinder On, liquid cavity is formed between inner cylinder and outer barrel, central rotating shaft is driven by driving device and rotated;The inner cavity of inner cylinder was The aperture of filter bag placed cavity, filter bag is 500~600 mesh;The upper edge of inner cylinder is less than the upper edge of outer barrel, on inner cylinder It is provided with feed pipe on the outer barrel body sidewall of side, feed pipe extends to the top of inner cylinder nozzle, the slag-drip opening of all retort It is connected to the feed pipe;It is covered with liquid-leaking nozzle on inner cylinder;The bottom of outer barrel is further opened with discharge outlet, and the discharge outlet is again successively With second liquid pump, wet tank sequential communication.
  2. The piece-rate system 2. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, feature It is:All retort are both used as hot water extraction tank or are both used as alcohol precipitation tank.
  3. The piece-rate system 3. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, feature It is:The centrifuge is positioned over the lower section of all retort, the slag-drip openings of all retort with the feed pipe pipe of centrifuge Road is connected to.
  4. The piece-rate system 4. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, feature It is:One temporary tank is set to the lower section of all retort, and is connected to the equal pipeline of the slag-drip opening of all retort, the centrifugation Machine is set to the side of temporary tank.
  5. The piece-rate system 5. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, feature It is:When the quantity of retort is >=2, inlet valve is respectively provided at the feed inlet of each retort.
  6. The piece-rate system 6. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, feature It is:When all retort are both used as alcohol precipitation tank, the outlet of wet tank again successively with the 15th water pump, alcohol recycle The outlet of tower, the 16th water pump sequential communication, the 16th water pump is connected to the water inlet conduit at the top of all retort again.
  7. The piece-rate system 7. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, feature It is:Water inlet is both provided at the top of the retort, the water inlet of all retort is both provided with inlet valve.
  8. The piece-rate system 8. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, feature It is:The agitating device uses mechanical agitating vane.
  9. The piece-rate system 9. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, feature It is:Liquid cavity below the inner cylinder of the centrifuge is tilted to be provided with liquid barrier, and discharge outlet is set to liquid barrier On the corresponding outer barrel body sidewall of extreme lower position.
  10. The piece-rate system 10. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, feature It is:The fluid storage list tank that the wet tank is set up in parallel by several forms, each fluid storage in wet tank The entrance of single tank is connected to the first liquid pump and second liquid pump simultaneously;Each fluid storage list tank in wet tank enters It is both provided with liquid feed valve at mouthful.
CN201721902366.3U 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 A kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system Active CN207811633U (en)

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