CN107955084A - A kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system - Google Patents

A kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107955084A
CN107955084A CN201711485465.0A CN201711485465A CN107955084A CN 107955084 A CN107955084 A CN 107955084A CN 201711485465 A CN201711485465 A CN 201711485465A CN 107955084 A CN107955084 A CN 107955084A
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China
Prior art keywords
retort
tank
liquid
outer barrel
green algae
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CN201711485465.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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陈灿坤
陈友宁
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FUJIAN HAIXING HEALTH FOOD Co Ltd
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FUJIAN HAIXING HEALTH FOOD Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711485465.0A priority Critical patent/CN107955084A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • B01D36/04Combinations of filters with settling tanks
    • B01D36/045Combination of filters with centrifugal separation devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J19/00Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
    • B01J19/18Stationary reactors having moving elements inside
    • B01J19/1856Stationary reactors having moving elements inside placed in parallel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08BPOLYSACCHARIDES; DERIVATIVES THEREOF
    • C08B37/00Preparation of polysaccharides not provided for in groups C08B1/00 - C08B35/00; Derivatives thereof
    • C08B37/0003General processes for their isolation or fractionation, e.g. purification or extraction from biomass

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction and removes slag piece-rate system, including the retort that several structures are identical, and liquid outlet and slag-drip opening are offered in retort;The liquid outlet of all retort is connected with wet tank;The outside of all retort sets a centrifuge;The inner cavity of the inner cylinder of the centrifuge is filter bag placed cavity, and the aperture of filter bag is 500~600 mesh;The upper edge of inner cylinder is less than the upper edge of outer barrel, is provided with feed pipe on the outer barrel body sidewall above inner cylinder, feed pipe extends to the top of inner cylinder nozzle, and the slag-drip opening of all retort is connected with the feed pipe;It is covered with liquid-leaking nozzle on inner cylinder;The bottom of outer barrel is further opened with discharge outlet, which pumps with second liquid successively again, wet tank sequential communication.The present invention not only substantially reduces the workload of centrifuge, but also can as far as possible more green algae polysaccharide be collected, and avoids wasting.

Description

A kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system
Technical field
The invention belongs to green algae polysaccharide production equipment field, especially a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction Remove slag piece-rate system.
Background technology
Marine green algae(Scientific name:Sea lettuce, sliver sea lettuce, U. pertusa, Enteromorpha)It is a kind of algae of large-scale doctor's food homology. Seaweed is an important component of China's abundant plant resources, related with the rise of utilization marine algae resource upsurge The research of seaweed pharmacological effects and bioactive ingredients constantly expands and gos deep into.
Domestic and international studies have shown that green algae polysaccharide has extensive bioactivity and medicinal function, with good reducing blood lipid, Antitumor, antiviral, antibacterial, adjust the various biologicals such as immunity, anti-oxidant, antifatigue, hypoglycemic and radioresistance activity.
In view of the green algae polysaccharide recovery rate of existing green algae polysaccharide extractive technique is not high, and extraction cost is higher(It is for example, existing Some green algae polysaccharide extractive techniques are more of high cost as raw material, raw material disposal using Enteromorpha dry powder), therefore, existing green alga Polyose extraction technology rests on the laboratory research stage mostly.Also, related green algae polysaccharide extraction life is also had no in the prior art Produce the report of equipment.
When carrying out the extraction of green algae polysaccharide using Hot water extraction, the entire production line has to use for hot water extraction Retort and retort for alcohol precipitation.Usually all there was only one outlet in the bottom of existing retort.For heat In the retort of flooding, polysaccharide is dissolved in water, and the bulky grain solid material in retort is actually mostly dietary fiber(Meals are fine Dimension needs to abandon), and just contain green algae polysaccharide in liquid material;In the retort for alcohol precipitation, polysaccharide is in wine Flocculate in essence agglomerating, substantial amounts of green algae polysaccharide is contained in the sediment in retort, and liquid material is actually alcoholic solution. But can not realize Scatter Gather and the processing of the solid and liquid in it in itself due to existing retort, for heat The retort of flooding needs to realize its separation of solid and liquid by centrifugation apparatus, so as to obtain the liquids containing green algae polysaccharide Material;Retort for alcohol precipitation needs to obtain the sediment containing green algae polysaccharide by centrifugation apparatus.Therefore, it is existing When retort is used as the retort of green algae polysaccharide extraction, there are following defect:(1)Since retort can not be realized in it in itself The Scatter Gather of solid and liquid and processing by centrifugation apparatus, it is necessary to realize its separation of solid and liquid, usually, retort Volume is larger, and the volume of centrifugation apparatus is smaller, and carrying out separation of solid and liquid using centrifugation apparatus seriously restricts production efficiency;(2) Some operators can be after the completion of retort reaction, and by standing a period of time, the solid material of bulky grain can be deposited in reaction In tank, so as to fulfill the separation of solid and liquid of mixture in retort, then to required solid sediment(Or supernatant)It is collected, Unwanted supernatant(Or solid sediment)Directly abandon, still, more green alga is also contained in the part material of discarding Polysaccharide, therefore, causes waste;(3)For the retort for hot water extraction, since the viscosity of green algae polysaccharide is very big, The viscosity of solidliquid mixture after reaction is larger, and longer centrifugation time is needed when centrifugation apparatus centrifuges it, is added, instead The solidliquid mixture in tank is answered all to be required for centrifugation apparatus to be centrifuged so that the workload of centrifuge is huge, and energy consumption is also big.
The content of the invention
The piece-rate system the present invention is intended to provide a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag, the system is not only Substantially reduce the workload of centrifuge, but also can as far as possible more green algae polysaccharide be collected, avoid wasting.
A kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system, including the reaction that several structures are identical Tank, is both provided with feed inlet on the roof of retort, agitating device is provided with retort, is opened up on the side wall of retort lower part There is a liquid outlet, and liquid outlet is provided with liquid control valve, retort bottom offers slag-drip opening, the row of being provided with slag-drip opening Slag valve;The liquid outlet of all retort again successively with the first liquid pump and wet tank sequential communication;All retort Outside sets a centrifuge;The centrifuge includes outer barrel and driving device, and lid, lid and outer barrel are provided with above outer barrel Body is separately set, and cover locking device is provided between outer barrel and lid;An inner cylinder, a center are coaxially arranged in outer barrel Shaft along outer barrel central axis rotatably through outer barrel bottom wall and be fixed on the bottom wall of inner cylinder, inner cylinder with Liquid cavity is formed between outer barrel, central rotating shaft is driven by driving device and rotated;The inner cavity of inner cylinder is filter bag placed cavity, The aperture of filter bag is 500~600 mesh;The upper edge of inner cylinder is less than the upper edge of outer barrel, the outer barrel above inner cylinder Be provided with feed pipe on side wall, feed pipe extends to the top of inner cylinder nozzle, the slag-drip openings of all retort with the charging Pipe connects;It is covered with liquid-leaking nozzle on inner cylinder;The bottom of outer barrel is further opened with discharge outlet, the discharge outlet again successively with second liquid Pump, wet tank sequential communication.
Most of liquid material in the present invention in retort enters wet tank through its liquid outlet, the first liquid pump It is interior, centrifuge is needed not move through, greatly reduces the workload of centrifuge.Also, since green alga viscosity itself is larger, it is used as Sediment viscosity in the retort of hot water extraction tank is also larger, if only with the filter bag that aperture is 500~600 mesh, it is heavy Residual liquid is difficult to filter out in starch, and still, filter bag aperture is excessive, and small molecule sediment can be caused to be filtered out with moisture, Therefore, the prior art is usually by the direct discard processing of sediment in retort, and the present invention is limited to filter bag aperture On the basis of fixed, coordinate the centrifugal action of centrifuge, can realize the supernatant in retort(Including the green of normal dissolved state Polysaccharides and soluble protein)Be thrown out of filter bag, and sediment is fully blocked in filter bag, realize solid material with Liquid material is completely separated, and avoids wasting;Also, the liquid material in retort is all collected in wet tank, and is consolidated Body material is all collected in centrifuge, and realize automation carries out Scatter Gather to solid material and liquid material, is applicable in Green algae polysaccharide is extracted in industrialization.
Further, all retort both function as hot water extraction tank.At this time, what wet tank was built-in is that green algae polysaccharide carries Take liquid.In specific implementation process, the quantity of retort is preferably 1, convenient control.
Further, all retort both function as alcohol steep tank, at this time, wet tank it is built-in be Diluted Alcohol. In specific implementation process, the quantity of retort is preferably 4, it can be achieved that the demand of daily output 100kg green algae polysaccharide dry products.
When the quantity of the retort is >=2, all retort are set up in parallel, rationally distributed.
The centrifuge is preferably placed on the lower section of all retort, at this time, the slag-drip openings of all retort with centrifugation The charging pipeline connection of machine.
When quantity >=2 of retort, in order to avoid the reaction time is long in retort, it is unfavorable for polysaccharide and solubility The extraction of albumen, a temporary tank is arranged at the side of all retort, and is connected with the slag-drip opening of all retort, it is described from Scheming is arranged at the side of temporary tank.During the work time, the sediment in retort enters in temporary tank through its slag-drip opening, people Work will be centrifuged in the filter bag in the sediment loading centrifuge in temporary tank.Further, described be temporarily stored in is arranged at The lower section of all retort, and connected with the equal pipeline of the slag-drip opening of all retort.
Further, when the quantity of retort is >=2, inlet valve is respectively provided with the feed inlet of each retort, this When, during the work time, it can control the inlet valve of only one retort to open, the inlet valve of remaining reaction tank is turned off.
Further, water inlet is both provided with the top of the retort, it is convenient that water or dense second are added into retort Alcohol.In specific implementation process, when retort both functions as alcohol precipitation tank, the outlet of wet tank again successively with the 15th water Pump(When wet tank includes the storage list tank of >=2, the outlet of the wet tank is connected with the 15th water pump), alcohol Recovery tower, the 16th water pump sequential communication, the outlet of the 16th water pump connect with the water inlet conduit at the top of all retort again It is logical, so as to fulfill the recycling of alcohol.Also, further, the water inlet of all retort is both provided with inlet valve.
The agitating device uses mechanical agitating vane, and mixing effect is more preferable, is adapted to the extraction of green algae polysaccharide.
Further, liquid cavity below the inner cylinder is tilted to be provided with liquid barrier, and discharge outlet is arranged at gear On the corresponding outer barrel body sidewall of liquid plate extreme lower position, discharged in time beneficial to the aqueous solution of polysaccharide, soluble protein isoreactivity component.
The filter bag preferably uses bag filter, is easily commercially available.
Further, insulation jacket is coated with the outside of the retort, is kept the temperature beneficial to retort.
Further, outlet pipe is inserted with the liquid outlet of the retort, the inner of outlet pipe stretches into tank body and is in Bending, liquid control valve are arranged on outlet pipe, at this time more supernatants in smokable retort.
The fluid storage list tank that the wet tank is set up in parallel by several forms, each liquid storage in wet tank The entrance of deposit receipt tank is connected with the first liquid pump and second liquid pump at the same time.The quantity of fluid storage list tank can be according to production need Adjusted at random.During Concrete facts, the inlet of each fluid storage list tank in wet tank is both provided with Liquid feed valve.At this time, during the work time, the liquid feed valve of one of fluid storage list tank can control to be in open mode, remaining Fluid storage list tank be in closed mode.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of embodiment 2;
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of embodiment 3;
Fig. 4 is perspective structure figure of the centrifuge of the present invention when not placing filter bag, and wherein inner cylinder is sectional view;
Fig. 5 be the present invention centrifuge after placed filter bag, state of charge when perspective structure figure, wherein inner cylinder is cuts open View;
Fig. 6 be the present invention centrifuge after placed filter bag, apocarpy when perspective structure figure, wherein inner cylinder is cuts open View;
Fig. 7 be retort using the present invention remove slag piece-rate system from fresh green alga extract green algae polysaccharide production line knot Structure schematic diagram, wherein, part A removes slag piece-rate system for the retort of the embodiment 1 shown in Fig. 1, and part B is shown in embodiment 2 The retort of embodiment 2 removes slag piece-rate system.
Concrete facts mode
3 kinds of better embodiments of the present invention are illustrated in conjunction with attached drawing attached drawing:
Embodiment 1
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 4~6, a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system, including several knots The identical retort of structure, all retort both function as hot water extraction tank 11, and the structure of each hot water extraction tank 11 is as follows:Retort (Hot water pot for solvent extraction)Feed inlet 115 is both provided with 11 roof, agitating device 112, retort are installed in retort 11 Liquid outlet 111 is offered on the side wall of 11 lower parts, and liquid control valve 117 is provided with liquid outlet 111, retort 11 Slag-drip opening 113 is offered on bottom wall, residual cake valve 114 is provided with slag-drip opening 113;The liquid outlet 111 of all retort 11 is equal Again successively with 34 sequential communication of the first liquid pump 23 and wet tank;One centrifuge 27 is located at the lower section of all retort 11;Should Centrifuge 27 includes outer barrel 51 and driving device 52, and the top of outer barrel 51 is provided with lid 53, and lid 53 divides with outer barrel 51 Body is set, and cover locking device 54 is provided between outer barrel 51 and lid 53;An inner cylinder 56 is coaxially arranged in outer barrel 51, The central axis of one central rotating shaft 55 along outer barrel 51 rotatably passes through the bottom wall of outer barrel 51 and is fixed on inner cylinder 51 On bottom wall, liquid cavity 511 is formed between inner cylinder 56 and outer barrel 51, central rotating shaft 55 drives rotation by driving device 52; The inner cavity of inner cylinder 56 is 57 placed cavity of filter bag, and the aperture of filter bag 57 is 500~600 mesh;The upper edge of inner cylinder 56 is low In the upper edge of outer barrel 51, feed pipe 58 is provided with 51 side wall of outer barrel of the top of inner cylinder 56, feed pipe 58 extends to The top of 56 nozzle of inner cylinder, the slag-drip opening 113 of all retort 11 are connected with 58 pipeline of feed pipe;Cloth on inner cylinder 56 Full liquid-leaking nozzle 59;The bottom of outer barrel 51 is further opened with discharge outlet 510, which pumps 40, liquid with second liquid successively again 34 sequential communication of body storage tank.
Wherein, the quantity of retort 11 is 1.At this time, what wet tank 34 was built-in is green algae polysaccharide extracting solution.
Embodiment 2
With reference to Fig. 2 and Fig. 4~6, a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system, including several knots The identical retort of structure, and all retort both function as alcohol precipitation tank 19, the structure of each alcohol precipitation tank 19 is as follows:Reaction Tank(That is alcohol precipitation tank)Feed inlet 196 is both provided with 19 roof, agitating device 194 is installed in retort 19, is reacted Liquid outlet 195 is offered on the side wall of 19 lower part of tank, and liquid control valve 198 is provided with liquid outlet 195, retort 19 Bottom wall on offer slag-drip opening 191, residual cake valve 192 is provided with slag-drip opening 191;The liquid outlet 195 of all retort 19 Again successively with 29 sequential communication of the first liquid pump 28 and wet tank;One centrifuge 20 is located at the lower section of all retort 19, The centrifuge 20 includes outer barrel 51 and driving device 52, and the top of outer barrel 51 is provided with lid 53, lid 53 and outer barrel 51 It is separately set, cover locking device 54 is provided with the outside of 51 opening of outer barrel;Center is worn vertically on 51 bottom wall of outer barrel Shaft 55, rotates in outer barrel 51 and is arranged an inner cylinder 56, a central rotating shaft 55 can turn along the central axis of outer barrel 51 with one heart Dynamic bottom wall through outer barrel 51 is simultaneously fixed on the bottom wall of inner cylinder 51, and liquid is formed between inner cylinder 56 and outer barrel 51 Cavity 511, inner cylinder 56 are fixedly connected with central rotating shaft 55, and central rotating shaft 55 drives rotation by driving device 52;Inner cylinder 56 Inner cavity be 57 placed cavity of filter bag, the aperture of filter bag 57 is 500~600 mesh;The upper edge of inner cylinder 56 is less than outer barrel 51 upper edge, is provided with feed pipe 58 on 51 side wall of outer barrel of the top of inner cylinder 56, feed pipe 58 extends to inner cylinder 56 Top, the slag-drip opening 191 of all retort 19 connects with the feed pipe 58;It is covered with liquid-leaking nozzle 59 on inner cylinder 56;Outer barrel The bottom of body 51 offers discharge outlet 510, which pumps 39,29 sequential communication of wet tank with second liquid successively again.
Wherein, the quantity of retort 19 is 1.At this time, what wet tank 29 was built-in is Diluted Alcohol.
Embodiment 3
The piece-rate system as shown in figure 3, a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag, including several structures are identical Retort, and all retort are used as alcohol precipitation tank 19, and embodiment 3 and the difference of embodiment 2 are:Retort (That is alcohol precipitation tank)19 quantity is 4.
In the course of work, closing liquid control valve(117、198)And residual cake valve(114、192), green alga algae slurry is through feed inlet (115、196)Into retort(11、19)It is interior, in agitating device(112、194)Stirring action under reacted, reaction complete Afterwards, agitating device(112、194)Stop stirring, stand;At this time, centrifuge is opened(27、20)Lid 53, filter bag 57 is put In 57 placed cavity of filter bag being placed in, and the opening of filter bag 57 is opened in the underface of feed pipe 58;Question response tank(11、 19)After interior solid material is deposited in tank base, liquid control valve is first turned on(117、198), retort(11、19)Interior Supernatant is through liquid outlet(111、195), the first liquid pump(33、28)Into wet tank(34、29)It is interior, question response tank(11、 19)Interior supernatant all enters wet tank(34、29)Afterwards, closing liquid control valve(117、198);Then, residual cake valve is opened (114、192), retort(11、19)Interior sediment is through slag-drip opening(113、191), centrifuge(27、20)Feed pipe 58 into In the filter bag 57 for entering the first centrifuge 27;When bag 57 to be filtered is filled very likely, residual cake valve is closed(114、192), and incited somebody to action The sack of filter bag 57 is fastened, and covers lid 53;Starting driving device 52, the driving device 52 driving central rotating shaft 55 rotates, and Inner cylinder 56 is driven to rotate, under the influence of centrifugal force, the liquid solution in filter bag 57 is thrown out of, and bulky grain solid material It is blocked in filter bag 57, liquid solution reaches liquid cavity 61 through liquid-leaking nozzle 59 again, and is flowed out from discharge outlet 60, most passes through afterwards Second liquid pumps(40、39)Pumping liquid storage tank(34、29)It is interior.
Retort in the present invention(11、19)Interior most of liquid material is through its liquid outlet(111、195), the first liquid Pump(33、28)Into wet tank(34、29)It is interior, centrifuge is needed not move through, greatly reduces the workload of centrifuge.And And since green alga viscosity itself is larger, the sediment viscosity in the retort as hot water extraction tank is also larger, if only with hole Footpath is the filter bag 57 of 500~600 mesh, and residual liquid is difficult to filter out in its sediment, and still, 57 aperture of filter bag is excessive, Again small molecule sediment can be caused to be filtered out with moisture, therefore, the prior art is usually by retort(11、19)Interior sediment is direct Discard processing, and the present invention coordinates centrifuge on the basis of being defined to 57 aperture of filter bag(27、20)Centrifugation make With can realize retort(11、19)Interior supernatant(Green algae polysaccharide and soluble protein including normal dissolved state)Quilt Filter bag 57 is thrown away, and sediment is fully blocked in filter bag 57, realizes thorough point of solid material and liquid material From avoiding wasting;Also, retort(11、19)Interior liquid material is all collected in wet tank(34、29)It is interior, and solid Material is all collected in centrifuge(27、20)Interior, realize automation carries out Scatter Gather to solid material and liquid material, Green algae polysaccharide is extracted suitable for industrialization.
Further, as shown in figure 3, when the quantity of retort is >=2, all retort(11、19)It is arranged side by side Set, it is rationally distributed.
Further, when the quantity of the retort is >=2, in order to avoid retort(11、19)The interior reaction time It is long, it is unfavorable for the extraction of polysaccharide and soluble protein, as shown in figure 3, a temporary tank 22 is arranged at the side of all retort 19 Side, and connected with the slag-drip opening 191 of all retort 19, the centrifuge 20 is arranged at the side of temporary tank 22.Working During, the sediment in retort 19 enters in temporary tank 22 through its slag-drip opening 191, manually by the sediment in temporary tank 22 Centrifuged in the filter bag 57 loaded in centrifuge 20.Certainly, the hot water extraction tank 11 of embodiment 1 is also not necessarily limited to attached drawing 1 Quantity, it can also be >=2.The temporary tank 22 is preferably placed on the lower section of all retort 19, and with all retort 19 191 equal pipeline of slag-drip opening connection.
Further, when the quantity of retort is >=2, such as attached drawing 3, set at the feed inlet 196 of each retort 19 Inlet valve 1911 is put, at this time, during the work time, the inlet valve 1911 of controllable only one retort 19 is opened, remaining reaction The inlet valve 1911 of tank 19 is turned off.Certainly, the hot water extraction tank 11 of embodiment 1 is also not necessarily limited to the quantity of attached drawing 1, it can also For >=2, this structure can also be further used, inlet valve is set at the feed inlet 115 of hot water extraction tank 11.
Further, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, the top of the retort 19 is both provided with water inlet 197, convenient to anti- Answer addition water or dense ethanol in tank 19.Certainly, the hot water extraction tank 11 of embodiment 1 is also not necessarily limited to the structure of attached drawing 1, it also may be used To set water inlet at the top of retort 11.In specific implementation process, when retort both functions as alcohol precipitation tank 19, such as Shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the outlet of wet tank 29 again successively with the 15th water pump 30(When wet tank 29 includes >=2 storage lists During tank 291, the outlet of the wet tank 29 is connected with the 15th water pump 30), alcohol distillation column 31, the 16th water pump 32 it is suitable Sequence connects, and the outlet of the 16th water pump 32 is connected with 197 pipeline of water inlet at the top of all retort 19 again, so as to fulfill wine The recycling of essence.Also, it is further, as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, be both provided with the water inlet 197 of all retort 19 into Water valve 1910.
The agitating device 192 uses mechanical agitating vane, and mixing effect is more preferable, is adapted to the extraction of green algae polysaccharide.
Further, as shown in figures 4-6, the liquid cavity 511 of the lower section of inner cylinder 56 is tilted is provided with liquid barrier 512, and discharge outlet 510 is arranged on corresponding 51 side wall of outer barrel of 512 extreme lower position of liquid barrier, beneficial to polysaccharide, soluble egg The aqueous solution of white isoreactivity component is discharged in time.
The filter bag 57 preferably uses bag filter, is easily commercially available.
Further, as shown in Figure 1, the outside of the retort 11 is coated with insulation jacket 118, beneficial to retort 11 Kept the temperature.Certainly, the alcohol pot for solvent extraction 19 of embodiment 2 and embodiment 3 can also coat insulation jacket.
Further, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, outlet pipe 199 is inserted with the liquid outlet 195 of the retort 19, gone out The inner of water pipe 199 stretches into tank body and is in bending, and liquid control valve 198 is arranged on outlet pipe 199, at this time smokable reaction More supernatants in tank 19.Certainly, outlet pipe can also be plugged in the liquid outlet 111 of the hot water extraction tank 11 of embodiment 1, The inner of outlet pipe stretches into tank body and is in bending, and liquid control valve 117 is arranged on outlet pipe.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, the wet tank(34、29)The fluid storage list tank being set up in parallel by several(341、 291)Composition, wet tank(34、29)In each fluid storage list tank(341、291)Entrance at the same time with the first liquid pump (33、28)Pumped with second liquid(40、39)Connection.Certainly, fluid storage list tank(341、291)Quantity be not limited to attached drawing 1 In 2 and attached drawing 2, attached drawing 3 in 1, its can according to production need be adjusted at random.During Concrete facts, such as Shown in Fig. 1, the inlet of each fluid storage list tank 341 in wet tank 34 is both provided with liquid feed valve 342.At this time, in work During work, the liquid feed valve 342 of one of fluid storage list tank 341 can control to be in open mode, remaining fluid storage Single tank 341 is in closed mode.Certainly, the inlet of the embodiment of the present invention 2 and the wet tank of embodiment 3 29 can also be set Put liquid feed valve.
Further, as shown in FIG. 1 to 3, the wet tank(34、29)Exit be provided with liquid valve(343、 292)Connected with the 7th water pump).
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2(Or Fig. 3)And Fig. 7, it is a kind of to be gone using the above-mentioned retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction Slag piece-rate system from fresh green alga extract green algae polysaccharide production line, along production line direction be sequentially connected set cleaning machine 1, First conveying device 2, dewaterer 3, the side of dewaterer 3 are provided with the second conveying device 4, and one end of the second conveying device 4 is Shredding machine 5 is provided with immediately below feed end, other end discharge end, it is temporary that first is undertaken immediately below the discharge port of shredding machine 5 Groove 6, is provided with water inlet pipe 61 on the first temporary tank 6, and the other end of water inlet pipe 61 is connected with the generation device 7 of 40-55 DEG C of warm water, Water valve 62 is provided with water inlet pipe 61, the bottom of the first temporary tank 6 is provided with discharge port 63, the discharge port 63 of the first temporary tank 6 Successively with the first water pump 8, colloid mill 9,10 sequential communication of the 4th water pump;4th water pump 10 is special with one kind described in embodiment 1 again Door be used for green algae polysaccharide extraction retort remove slag piece-rate system connection(At this time, which removes slag the reaction of piece-rate system kind Tank is completely used as hot water extraction tank 11, and the 4th water pump 10 is connected with the feed inlet 115 of all hot water extraction tanks 11 at the same time), liquid Body storage tank 34 again successively with the 7th water pump 12(The outlet of all liq storage tank 34 is connected with the 7th water pump), heat exchanger 13, 9th water pump 14, membrane filter system 15, the 11st water pump 16, enrichment facility 17,18 sequential communication of the 12nd water pump, the 12nd water Pump 18 again with embodiment 2 described in a kind of retort piece-rate system that removes slag dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction connect connection(This When, the retort remove slag piece-rate system kind retort be completely used as the 19, the 12nd water pump 18 of alcohol precipitation tank at the same time with it is all The feed inlet 196 of alcohol pot for solvent extraction 19 connect);The side of centrifuge 20 is provided with for the solid after being centrifuged to centrifuge 20 The vacuum drier 21 that wet feed is dried.
The green algae polysaccharide production technology carried out according to the above-mentioned production line that green algae polysaccharide is extracted from fresh green alga, including with Lower step:
1. gathering fresh green alga, after selecting impurity removal algae, it is put into cleaning machine 1 and is cleaned, the clean green alga come out from cleaning machine 1 It is dehydrated through the first conveying device 2 into dewaterer 3(Also the salinity on frond surface can be got rid of while dehydration), slough to The moisture on few frond surface 20%, obtains dewatered green alga, which enters through the second conveying device 4 again shreds After machine 5 shreds, fall into the first temporary tank 6;
2. opening the water valve 62 on the water inlet pipe 61 of the first temporary tank 6, the generation device 7 of 40-55 DEG C of warm water passes through water inlet pipe 61 1~3 times of green alga volume, 40-55 DEG C of warm water are injected into the first temporary tank 6, closes water valve 62, it is green in the first temporary tank 6 The mixed liquor of algae and warm water enters colloid mill 9 through the first water pump 8, obtains including green alga grain diameter as micron-sized algae slurry;
3. algae slurry enters in hot water extraction tank 11 through the 4th water pump 10 again, the water temperature in hot water extraction tank 11 is controlled at 55-75 DEG C, More than 90min is persistently stirred, is stood, the supernatant in hot water extraction tank 11 is by its liquid outlet 111 through the first liquid pump 33 Temperature is cooled to as less than 55 DEG C into heat exchanger 13 into wet tank 34, then through the 7th water pump 12, then successively through the Nine water pumps 14, ultrafiltration apparatus 15, the 11st water pump 16, enrichment facility 17, the 12nd water pump 18, into alcohol precipitation tank 19;
4. after green algae polysaccharide completes precipitation operation in alcohol precipitation tank 19, the residual cake valve 192 of alcohol precipitation tank 19, wine are opened Sediment in smart settling tank 19 is entered in centrifuge 20 by its slag-drip opening 191, after the centrifugation of centrifuge 20, takes out filter cake, Drying in vacuum drier 21 is put into, obtains green algae polysaccharide dry product.
It is also, a kind of to be removed slag using the above-mentioned retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction in specific implementation process Piece-rate system extracts green alga proteoglycan from fresh green alga(" green alga proteoglycan " is green algae polysaccharide and green alga solubility egg White general designation)Production line can also improve as follows:
(1)As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, between 9 and the 4th water pump 10 of colloid mill setting second is sequentially connected along production line direction Water pump 23, ultrasonic extractor 24, can further improve the yield of green algae polysaccharide;
(2)As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, between 9 and the 4th water pump 10 of colloid mill setting the 3rd is sequentially connected along production line direction Water pump 25, enzymolysis and extraction tank 26, can further improve the yield of green algae polysaccharide;It is super when setting at the same time in specific implementation process When sound extractor 24 and enzymolysis and extraction tank 26, it is preferred to use:Between 9 and the 4th water pump 10 of colloid mill along production line direction according to Secondary connection sets the second water pump 23, ultrasonic extractor 24, the 3rd water pump 25 and enzymolysis and extraction tank 26(As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2), warp After supersonic wave wall breaking, hydrolysis result is more preferable;
(3)The ultrafiltration apparatus 15 preferably uses film core film, and certainly, ultrafiltration apparatus 15 can also be set using other common ultrafiltration It is standby(Such as bag filter);
(4)The enrichment facility 17 preferably uses vacuum concentrating apparatus, and enrichment facility 17 preferably uses dual-effect concentrator, certainly, Enrichment facility 17 can also use other common enrichment facilities;
(5)It is sequentially communicated between 3 and the 9th water pump 14 of heat exchanger along production line direction and the 8th water pump 35 and second is set Storage tank 36.Second storage tank 36 plays the role of temporary extracting solution, is conducive to the entire production line and carries out in order.In Concrete facts process In, the second storage tank 36 is preferably using the single tank of one second storage.Certainly, the single tank of the second storage contained by the second storage tank 36 of the invention Quantity be not limited to one in attached drawing, the quantity of the single tank of the second storage can be adjusted as needed;
(6)Between 15 and the 11st water pump 16 of membrane filter system along production line direction be sequentially communicated set the tenth water pump 37 and 3rd storage tank 38.3rd storage tank 38 plays the role of temporary extracting solution, is conducive to the entire production line and carries out in order.In Concrete facts During, the 3rd storage tank 38 is preferably using the single tank of one the 3rd storage.Certainly, the 3rd storage contained by the 3rd storage tank 38 of the invention The quantity of single tank is not limited to two in attached drawing, and the quantity of the single tank of the 3rd storage can be adjusted as needed;
(10)7th water pump 12 preferably uses Piping Centrifugal Pumps, and the supernatant in hot water extraction tank 11 can centrifuged It is further processed again after filter.Certainly, the 7th water pump 12 can also use other common water pumps.

Claims (10)

  1. The piece-rate system 1. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag, it is characterised in that:Including several structures Identical retort, is both provided with feed inlet on the roof of retort, agitating device is provided with retort, retort lower part Liquid outlet is offered on side wall, and liquid outlet is provided with liquid control valve, retort bottom offers slag-drip opening, slag-drip opening Place is provided with residual cake valve;The liquid outlet of all retort again successively with the first liquid pump and wet tank sequential communication;Institute The outside for having retort sets a centrifuge;The centrifuge includes outer barrel and driving device, and lid is provided with above outer barrel, Lid is separately set with outer barrel, and cover locking device is provided between outer barrel and lid;Coaxially it is arranged in outer barrel in one Cylinder, the central axis of a central rotating shaft along outer barrel rotatably pass through the bottom wall of outer barrel and are fixed on the bottom wall of inner cylinder On, liquid cavity is formed between inner cylinder and outer barrel, central rotating shaft is driven by driving device and rotated;The inner cavity of inner cylinder was Filter bag placed cavity, the aperture of filter bag is 500~600 mesh;The upper edge of inner cylinder is less than the upper edge of outer barrel, on inner cylinder Feed pipe is provided with the outer barrel body sidewall of side, feed pipe extends to the top of inner cylinder nozzle, the slag-drip opening of all retort Connected with the feed pipe;It is covered with liquid-leaking nozzle on inner cylinder;The bottom of outer barrel is further opened with discharge outlet, and the discharge outlet is again successively With second liquid pump, wet tank sequential communication.
  2. The piece-rate system 2. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, its feature It is:All retort both function as hot water extraction tank or both function as alcohol precipitation tank.
  3. The piece-rate system 3. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, its feature It is:The centrifuge is positioned over the lower section of all retort, the feed pipe pipe of the slag-drip openings of all retort with centrifuge Road connects.
  4. The piece-rate system 4. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, its feature It is:One temporary tank is arranged at the lower section of all retort, and is connected with the equal pipeline of the slag-drip opening of all retort, the centrifugation Machine is arranged at the side of temporary tank.
  5. The piece-rate system 5. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, its feature It is:When the quantity of retort is >=2, inlet valve is respectively provided with the feed inlet of each retort.
  6. The piece-rate system 6. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, its feature It is:When all retort both function as alcohol precipitation tank, the outlet of wet tank again successively with the 15th water pump, alcohol recycle Tower, the 16th water pump sequential communication, the outlet of the 16th water pump are connected with the water inlet conduit at the top of all retort again.
  7. The piece-rate system 7. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, its feature It is:Water inlet is both provided with the top of the retort, the water inlet of all retort is both provided with inlet valve.
  8. The piece-rate system 8. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, its feature It is:The agitating device uses mechanical agitating vane.
  9. The piece-rate system 9. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, its feature It is:Liquid cavity below the inner cylinder of the centrifuge is tilted to be provided with liquid barrier, and discharge outlet is arranged at liquid barrier On the corresponding outer barrel body sidewall of extreme lower position.
  10. The piece-rate system 10. a kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction according to claim 1 removes slag, its feature It is:The fluid storage list tank that the wet tank is set up in parallel by several forms, each fluid storage in wet tank The entrance of single tank is connected with the first liquid pump and second liquid pump at the same time;Each fluid storage list tank in wet tank enters Liquid feed valve is both provided with mouthful.
CN201711485465.0A 2017-12-29 2017-12-29 A kind of retort dedicated for green algae polysaccharide extraction removes slag piece-rate system Pending CN107955084A (en)

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