CN207641265U - A kind of deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop - Google Patents

A kind of deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207641265U
CN207641265U CN201721705432.8U CN201721705432U CN207641265U CN 207641265 U CN207641265 U CN 207641265U CN 201721705432 U CN201721705432 U CN 201721705432U CN 207641265 U CN207641265 U CN 207641265U
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China
Prior art keywords
pretreatment workshop
gas
kitchen
deodoration system
kitchen pretreatment
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CN201721705432.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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匡彬
江晓华
张传永
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Zhejiang Wanan Ecological Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Wanan Ecological Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of deodoration systems of kitchen pretreatment workshop, including the suction opening in kitchen pretreatment workshop is arranged, suction opening is provided at least one in each kitchen pretreatment workshop, it further include the exhaust gas inlet to connect with each suction opening pipeline, pipeline is connected with pickling tower, caustic wash tower, gas-liquid premixing device, bio-trickling filter, QFT deodorizations complete set of equipments, purification gas floss hole successively after exhaust gas inlet, each suction opening is both provided with pumping wind turbine, and air exhauster is provided on the pipeline between QFT deodorizations complete set of equipments and purification gas floss hole.The utility model can effectively solve the problem that the problem of existing kitchen pretreatment workshop foul smell is without handling direct emission or relevant emission standards being not achieved after processing, and cause secondary environmental pollution, endanger residents ' health.

Description

A kind of deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of deodoration systems of kitchen pretreatment workshop.
Background technology
Kitchen garbage is commonly called as hogwash, also known as swill, swill, is the sanitary waste that resident is formed during personal consumption, It easily rots, distributes stench, spread germs and viral.Kitchen garbage main component include rice and flour group food it is remaining, Vegetables, vegetable and animals oils, meat bone etc. have starch, cellulose, protein, lipid and inorganic salts chemically on composition.
Be much the processing being related to foul smell in kitchen garbage processing procedure both domestic and external, can by foul smell direct emission, Also there are a small number of parts that can handle foul smell, but discharge standard is also not achieved.Thus to staff and surrounding resident It causes damages, secondary pollution can be caused to environment.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop, solves existing kitchen and locates in advance Reason workshop foul smell is without processing direct emission or relevant emission standards are not achieved after processing, and causes secondary environmental pollution, The problem of endangering residents ' health.
Technical solution adopted by the utility model to solve its technical problems is:A kind of deodorization system of kitchen pretreatment workshop System, including is arranged the suction opening in kitchen pretreatment workshop, suction opening be provided in each kitchen pretreatment workshop it is at least one, also Include the exhaust gas inlet to connect with each suction opening pipeline, pipeline is connected with pickling tower, caustic wash tower, gas successively after exhaust gas inlet Liquid premixing device, bio-trickling filter, QFT deodorizations complete set of equipments, purification gas floss hole, each suction opening are both provided with pumping wind Machine is provided with air exhauster on the pipeline between QFT deodorizations complete set of equipments and purification gas floss hole.
Further, QFT deodorizations complete set of equipments according to exhaust-gas treatment order include the vegetation water washing chamber being sequentially connected, it is micro- Glistening light of waves catalysis oxidation room, deodorant active absorption chamber, aerosol separation chamber.
In order to improve purification efficiency, the purpose of quick taste removal is provided with the recirculated water to connect with it outside vegetation water washing chamber Pond is inside perfused with the QF- pure plant taste removal working solutions for tentatively going the soluble gas in removing exhaust gas.
Further, microwave and photo catalysis oxidizing chamber is provided with microwave electrodeless lamp.
Further, the centrifugation aerosol separation equipment for removing water mist is provided in aerosol separation chamber.
Further, deodorant active absorption chamber is provided with the high-pressure installation of deodorant gaseous state.
QFT deodorization complete set of equipments include vegetation water washing chamber, microwave and photo catalysis oxidizing chamber, deodorant active absorption chamber, Aerosol separation chamber increases gas-liquid contact to greatest extent using QF- pure plant taste removal working solutions and multiple purifying device, increases Air inlet mass transfer in liquid phase rate reaches efficiently removal foul gas, while by microwave electrodeless lamp, utilizing specific wavelength The high energy ultraviolet of (173nm, 185nm and 254nm), (such as CS2 resonant wavelengths are the dissociation feature foul smell molecule that can not only resonate 185nm), and the oxygen molecule in air and hydrone and coupling photocatalyst reaction generation can be decomposed rapidly with strong oxidizing property Oxygen radical and hydroxyl radical free radical so that organic gas is thoroughly decomposed into CO2 and H2O;Microwave assisted hydroxyl is to OH simultaneously Conversion, collaboration promote foul smell macromolecular stink chain structure fracture, make foul smell molecule gradually mineralising or complete oxidation, and can promote Into the surface hydroxylation of malodor molecule, its activity is greatly improved, to improve the efficiency of deodorant active absorption, entirely decompose, Oxidation, activation, absorption process are completed in moment.Treated, and exhaust gas carries out centrifugation aerosol separation, water mist is removed, to make foul smell Clean-up effect reaches optimum efficiency.
Further, packing layer is provided in bio-trickling filter, it is small to be filled with activated carbon, bamboo charcoal, polyethylene in packing layer Ball or polyhedron empty ball filler are provided with one group of atomization tubulation in gas-liquid premixing device, and one side is provided with water inlet.
Bio-trickling filter inner transmission matter is efficient, substantially improves the removal situation of odor pollution substance, and mass-transfer efficiency is high The main reason for have:After gas-liquid premix, gas liquid interfacial area is big, enhances odorant in the mass transport process of gas-liquid two-phase;Gas For liquid two-phase in being uniformly distributed in tower, pressure drop is small, and gas-liquid two-phase comes into full contact with filler and is not easy to form short stream inside filler, effectively Filler hair shaft, acidification phenomenon caused by spray unevenness are avoided, suitable life condition is provided for biology growth metabolism.Gas-liquid The spray system that premixing device operation replaces bio-trickling filter traditional, water and the utilization rate for dripping filtrate effectively improve.
For the ease of controlling the input of suction opening exhaust gas, wind is both provided in front of pumping wind turbine and air exhauster Valve.
In order to improve the degree of automation, the size in wind-force and air port is controlled, further includes and air exhauster, pumping wind turbine, wind The automatic control equipment that valve, QFT deodorization complete set of equipments connect.
In order to meet the requirement of high altitude discharge, purification gas floss hole is provided with the exhaust tube that height is more than 15m.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:Exhaust gas selective collection is carried out to each kitchen pretreatment workshop by each suction opening Either centralised collection can be convenient for disposably handling one vehicle of processing of exhaust gas or primary only selectivity in several workshops Between or several workshops in exhaust gas, improve the manipulation ability that handles house exhaust so that whole system structure is more perfect, Rationally.By each suction opening collect after exhaust gas successively through overpickling tower, caustic wash tower, gas-liquid premixing device, bio-trickling filter, After QFT deodorization complete set of equipments purified treatments, then purified gas discharge outlet discharges purified gas, and whole system applies Multinomial green technology, differ through functional effect, system in combination, science configuration a variety of waste gas treatment equipments closely be connected coordinate it is more Aspect carries out integrated treatment to exhaust gas, so that the clean-up effect of exhaust gas (i.e. foul smell) is protected, qualified discharge.Entire kitchen is located in advance Manage workshop deodoration system it is reasonable for structure, it is simple, be easily achieved, can efficient, quick, high the degree of automation must realize foul smell Purification.
Below with reference to drawings and examples, the utility model is described in detail.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment, a kind of deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop as shown in Figure 1, one includes that setting pre-processes vehicle in kitchen Between suction opening 2, suction opening 2 is provided at least one in each kitchen pretreatment workshop, further includes connecting with 2 pipeline of each suction opening Exhaust gas inlet 1, after exhaust gas inlet 1 successively pipeline be connected with pickling tower 6, caustic wash tower 7, gas-liquid premixing device 17, biology Filter tower 18, QFT deodorizations complete set of equipments 8, purification gas floss hole 9 are dripped, each suction opening 2 is both provided with pumping wind turbine 3, QFT deodorizations Air exhauster 4 is provided on pipeline between complete set of equipments 8 and purification gas floss hole 9.
QFT deodorizations complete set of equipments 8 includes that the vegetation water washing chamber 10 being sequentially connected, microwave light are urged according to exhaust-gas treatment order Change oxidizing chamber 11, deodorant active absorption chamber 12, aerosol separation chamber 13.It is provided with outside vegetation water washing chamber 10 and is followed with what it connected Ring pond 14 is inside perfused with the QF- pure plant taste removal working solutions for tentatively going the soluble gas in removing exhaust gas.It is micro- Glistening light of waves catalysis oxidation room 11 is provided with microwave electrodeless lamp.The centrifugation gas for removing water mist is provided in aerosol separation chamber 13 Mist separation equipment.Deodorant active absorption chamber 12 is provided with the high-pressure installation of deodorant gaseous state.It is set in bio-trickling filter 18 It is equipped with packing layer 20, activated carbon, bamboo charcoal, polyethylene pellets or polyhedron empty ball filler, gas-liquid premix are filled in packing layer 10 17 side of equipment is provided with feed liquor nozzle 19, and one group of atomization tubulation is arranged inside.Positioned at pumping wind turbine 3 and air exhauster 4 Front is both provided with air-valve 5.
The deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop further includes complete with air exhauster 4, pumping wind turbine, air-valve 5, QFT deodorizations The automatic control equipment 16 that equipment 8 connects.Purification gas floss hole 9 is provided with the exhaust tube 15 that height is more than 15m.
The operation principle of the deodoration system of the kitchen pretreatment workshop:
The first step:It collects exhaust gas and carries out sterilization treatment:
1, pickling tower:Sterilization treatment is carried out, alkalinity absorbs part soluble gas.
2, caustic wash tower:Sterilization treatment is carried out, acidity absorbs part soluble gas.
Second step:The high-efficiency activated washing of vegetation water:
The preliminary soluble gas gone in removing exhaust gas, reduces odor concentration.
Third:Gas-liquid premixes and bio-trickling link:
In gas-liquid premixing device, using gas-liquid impingement atomizing principles, shower water can be made to be broken into fine particle size rapidly Water mist and be sufficiently mixed with foul gas, thereafter, the gas moistened after premixing is discharged from gas outlet and passes through pipeline To bio-trickling filter top, gas after premix from top to down, continue to pass through the packing layer formed by filler in bio-trickling filter Gap;When operation, since gas-liquid premixing effectively expands the contact area of gas-liquid two-phase, and then strengthen odour in gas-liquid The mass transport process of two-phase can substantially improve the removal situation of foul gas.
4th step:Microwave and photo catalysis oxidized activating method:
1, it sterilizes:Bacterium is killed by the ozone that microwave and photo catalysis generates.
2, the pollutant in exhaust gas is aoxidized, is eventually converted into the substances such as CO2 and H2O.
3 at the same generate ozone, the surface hydroxylation of malodor molecule can be promoted, greatly improve its activity, to improve remove The probability of smelly dose of active absorption reaches higher odor removal efficient.
5th step:Overactivity deodorant gas-phase activity absorbs:
For equipment by high-pressure installation by deodorant gaseous state, gas phase deodorization agent molecule forms great surface area, has strong Big surface energy and activity the chemical reactions such as polymerize rapidly with malodor molecule, replaces, replaces, adsorbing, can rapidly and efficiently go Except malodor molecule.
6th step:Aerosol detaches:
The harmful substance that remaining only a few is dissolved in water removes steam, water mist by centrifugation.Stink is removed, is reached Mark discharge, by 15 meters of exhaust tube qualified discharges, reaches《Emission standard for odor pollutants》(GB14554-93) secondary standard is wanted It asks.
Vegetation water activity, QF- pure plant taste removal works are improved using international advanced nanotechnology and overactivity technology Make liquid energy to chemically react rapidly with foul smell molecule, quickly removes stink.High, quick taste removal, user with purification efficiency Just the advantages that.
Recognize through inspection center of Shanghai Chemical Research Inst, national security production Shanghai Classification of Dangerous Chemicals detection inspection center Card, QF- pure plant taste removal working solutions are no explosion hazard, do not belong to flammability hazard product;Anaerobic agent is dangerous, does not belong to rotten Erosion product;Do not belong to poisonous substances.
QFT deodorization complete set of equipments has the following characteristics that:
Microwave-driven ultraviolet light:Microwave-driven fluorescent tube effective use microwave resonance is ultraviolet, and without harassing, capacity usage ratio is high.
Polymerization efficiency shakes more than 90% in microwave association:Equipment microwave cavity is by the Specialty Design of light wave research institute, effective use Microwave resonance is ultraviolet, and without harassing, capacity usage ratio is high.
Microwave radiation:Microwave radiation can enhance surface hydroxyl activation, be conducive to the generation of hydroxyl radical free radical, promote chemistry The fracture of key improves the absorption efficiency of luminous energy.
Reasonable wavelength:Deodor ultraviolet lamp wavelength is 185nm and 254nm, according to exhaust gas concentration, ingredient, is reasonably selected Ultraviolet lamp wavelength, specific aim are stronger.
It is safe:With the not charged design in exhaust gas contact part, no security risk.
Water mist controls:Hydrone appropriate enters in photocatalysis equipment, and the high energy ultraviolet Line beam of specific wavelength divides rapidly Hydrone and the coupling photocatalyst reaction solved in air generates ozone and living radical OH with strong oxidizing property, substantially increases Add Deodor effect.
Operation is lasting:The condition that strong oxidizing property free radical generates is broad, and microwave cooperating ultraviolet catalytic oxidation skill Art can guarantee that ultraviolet lamp enough service life can continuous service 10000 hours or more.
Odorless oxidation:Ultraviolet lamp is realized according to exhaust gas concentration to be rationalized, while ozone also being allowed to generate minimum, excessive ozone It is absorbed by water mist, realizes odorless oxidation.
The utility model is exemplarily described above in association with attached drawing.Obviously, the utility model implements not It is limited by aforesaid way.As long as using the various unsubstantialities of the methodology and technical solution progress of the utility model Improvement;Or it is not improved, above-mentioned design and technical solution by the utility model directly apply to other occasions, at this Within the protection domain of utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop, including the suction opening in kitchen pretreatment workshop is set, suction opening exists Each kitchen pretreatment workshop is provided at least one, it is characterised in that:Further include the exhaust gas inlet to connect with each suction opening pipeline, To be connected with pickling tower, caustic wash tower, gas-liquid premixing device, bio-trickling filter, QFT deodorizations complete for pipeline successively after exhaust gas inlet Equipment, purification gas floss hole, each suction opening are both provided with pumping wind turbine, QFT deodorizations complete set of equipments and purification gas floss hole Between pipeline on be provided with air exhauster.
2. the deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:QFT deodorization complete set of equipments According to exhaust-gas treatment order include the vegetation water washing chamber being sequentially connected, microwave and photo catalysis oxidizing chamber, deodorant active absorption chamber, Aerosol separation chamber.
3. the deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Vegetation water washing chamber peripheral hardware It is equipped with the circulating water pool to connect with it, is inside perfused with for tentatively going the pure natural plants of the QF- of the soluble gas in removing exhaust gas Object taste removal working solution.
4. the deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Microwave and photo catalysis oxidizing chamber It is provided with microwave electrodeless lamp.
5. the deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is arranged in aerosol separation chamber It is useful for the centrifugation aerosol separation equipment of removal water mist.
6. the deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Deodorant active absorption chamber It is provided with the high-pressure installation of deodorant gaseous state.
7. the deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Setting in bio-trickling filter There is a packing layer, be filled with activated carbon, bamboo charcoal, polyethylene pellets or polyhedron empty ball filler in packing layer, in gas-liquid premixing device It is provided with one group of atomization tubulation, one side is provided with water inlet.
8. the deodoration system of the kitchen pretreatment workshop according to claim 1 to 6 any one, it is characterised in that:It is located at It is both provided with air-valve in front of each pumping wind turbine and air exhauster.
9. the deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Further include and is vented wind The automatic control equipment that machine, pumping wind turbine, air-valve, QFT deodorization complete set of equipments connect.
10. the deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Purification gas floss hole It is provided with the exhaust tube that height is more than 15m.
CN201721705432.8U 2017-12-08 2017-12-08 A kind of deodoration system of kitchen pretreatment workshop Active CN207641265U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110252101A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-09-20 无锡市政设计研究院有限公司 Cyanobacteria algal gel high-concentration waste gas cleaning treatment system and its treatment process
CN110743346A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-04 苏州腾康环保科技有限公司 Treatment method for waste gas generated in kitchen waste treatment
CN111318146A (en) * 2018-12-13 2020-06-23 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Method for treating waste gas of purified terephthalic acid sewage farm
CN112354216A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-02-12 苏州艾吉克膜科技有限公司 Ammonia gas recovery device of natural pond liquid deamination

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111318146A (en) * 2018-12-13 2020-06-23 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Method for treating waste gas of purified terephthalic acid sewage farm
CN110252101A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-09-20 无锡市政设计研究院有限公司 Cyanobacteria algal gel high-concentration waste gas cleaning treatment system and its treatment process
CN110743346A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-04 苏州腾康环保科技有限公司 Treatment method for waste gas generated in kitchen waste treatment
CN112354216A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-02-12 苏州艾吉克膜科技有限公司 Ammonia gas recovery device of natural pond liquid deamination

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