CN207549882U - Ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly - Google Patents

Ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207549882U
CN207549882U CN201721385683.2U CN201721385683U CN207549882U CN 207549882 U CN207549882 U CN 207549882U CN 201721385683 U CN201721385683 U CN 201721385683U CN 207549882 U CN207549882 U CN 207549882U
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China
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wheel
plate
wing plate
crawler belt
assembly
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CN201721385683.2U
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张志红
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张志红
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of ship shape pedrail mechanism assemblies, are divided into two layers up and down, and lower floor is crawler belt and installs the closed shape that thrust wheel, front and rear directive wheel, tensioning wheel in it form;Upper strata is the section structure that one in front and one in back two driving wheels are formed with interior outer wing plate, and the bilge is crawler belt, and two driving wheels are front and rear in horizontal direction to be located above crawler belt, and decorative pattern protrusion is engaged wheel bore over the ground with crawler belt, and drive wheel works are between automobile tire and crawler belt;Upper and lower two layers complete one is combined by steelframe.Assembling is telescopic above tensioning wheel on rear side of track rail assembly steps on vehicle bridge, and wheel is rolled by stepping on vehicle bridge in the spill crawler belt cabin between front and rear driving wheel, closes stent retraction and steps on vehicle bridge, then hanging plate is fixed on to the installation that track rail assembly is completed on wheel hub.The utility model is changed in conventional tracks assembly driving wheel loaded on the drive mode in crawler belt, loaded on the drive mode on crawler belt, without dismantling original wheel, and the rotation of tire to be made full use of to provide driving force outside driving wheel.

Description

Ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly
Technical field
The utility model is related to the anti-skidding field of tool used in running car, specially a kind of ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly, Application is travelled on ice and snow, miriness or complex road surface suitable for automobile.
Background technology
What ice and snow day vehicle was generally up to about seeing is to solve the problems, such as that road is slided to install antiskid chain additional, but big, long-pending in the gradient Antiskid effect is all very limited in the case of snow depth, and basic reason is that wheeled vehicle is small with contact area of ground, and relative friction forces are small; Antiskid chain road pavement and tire on the highway of no snow have damage.Antiskid chain is easily broken off, and especially ferrous material is anti-skidding Chain, once disconnecting, consequence will be very serious.It additionally needs to raise on vehicle and install, dismounting is also more troublesome.Or ice and snow Its vehicle can improve the skid resistance of vehicle traveling, triangle in ice and snow, muddy road surface traveling using triangular track assembly is installed additional Crawler belt, so the speed reflected on speedometer is not actual vehicle speed, is not easy to driver couple due to increasing rolling outer diameter The control of speed.Triangle track rail assembly is equally also required to raise vehicle, to install, to need the tire of the original vehicle of dismounting and change, tears open Unload similary complexity.
Therefore it needs one kind that wheel is made to increase with contact area of ground, enhances non-skid property, and the nothing of easy disassembly Need to change the anti-skidding tool of vehicle tyre.
Invention content
After the utility model is loaded onto to solve ordinary snow chain, tire remains unchanged small with contact area of ground, and skid resistance is not By force, complex road surface is difficult to the problem of current or utilizes triangle Caterpillar tyre, and two ways is asked in the presence of dismounting is inconvenient Topic, provides a kind of ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly.
The utility model is achieved by the following technical solution:Including crawler type walking mechanism, actuating unit With assembly steelframe;The crawler type walking mechanism includes crawler belt, and respectively there are one tensioning wheels for installation for front and rear side in the crawler belt, described Tensioning wheel is equipped with stretcher;It is equipped with front jockey wheel and several thrust wheels between two tensioning wheels successively from front to back;It is described dynamic Force actuators include two driving wheels for carrying vehicle wheels, are arranged in before and after two driving wheels above crawler belt, simultaneously Decorative pattern is convex over the ground is engaged with crawler belt;The assembly steelframe includes interior plate, outer panel, interior wing plate and outer wing plate, the interior outside Plate symmetric support is fixed in thrust wheel, front jockey wheel and tensioning wheel both sides, two driving wheels between interior outer panel;In described, Outer wing plate is respectively arranged on interior outer panel, and multiple and automobile tyre side rolling friction is respectively fitted on inside and outside wing plate Contact wheel.
Preferably, in order to solve the problems, such as medium-and-large-sized vehicle application ship shape crawler belt, therefore on medium-and-large-sized vehicle, in rear side Rear directive wheel is also equipped between tensioning wheel and thrust wheel.
Although the utility model continues the structure for employing one band of four-wheel, i.e. thrust wheel, directive wheel, tensioning wheel, driving wheel It is combined with crawler belt, but the difference lies in such two driving wheels of structure outside endless track, before the horizontal direction one of crawler belt After one, a section structure is collectively formed with side plate, wing plate, carries out ship shape with convex be engaged of decorative pattern over the ground of crawler belt by driving wheel Band mechanism assembly is advanced forward.It is analyzed from mechanics:On the one hand, the tire and driving wheel that vehicle rotates under self gravitation effect Between can generate frictional force, the direction of power is made to change by the rotation of driving wheel, is converted to driving force, so as to act on carry out Decorative pattern protrusion driving track rail assembly travels forward band over the ground;On the other hand, vehicle weight leads to the pressure of driving wheel plumb cut The wheel shaft of wheel of overdriving acts on the main body steelframe of ship shape crawler belt, is partly converted into the thrust of horizontal direction, ship shape is pushed to carry out Band travels forward.The ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly is divided into two layers up and down:Lower floor is crawler belt and the thrust wheel, front and rear that is installed in it The closed shape of directive wheel, tensioning wheel composition;Upper strata is the section structure that one in front and one in back two driving wheels are formed with interior outer wing plate, cabin Bottom is crawler belt, and two driving wheels are front and rear in horizontal direction to be located above crawler belt, and decorative pattern protrusion is engaged over the ground with crawler belt in wheel page hole, Drive wheel works are between automobile tire and crawler belt;Upper and lower two layers complete one is combined by steelframe.Concrete operations:Make ship Shape track rail assembly is fixed on ground location, and wheel is made to climb between the driving wheel of track rail assembly, makes wheel card using contact wheel In wing plate, ship shape crawler belt is stuck in wheel lower position, before Dai Shang roads travel, fixes ship shape crawler belt and releases, crawler belt is with vehicle Wheel travels forward together.
The tire tread CONTACT WITH FRICTION of driving wheel and motor vehicle forms vehicle upward support force by tire, driving Reversed downside and bottom surface is taken turns to be engaged with the protrusion of decorative pattern over the ground on the upside of crawler belt;Driving wheel is generated when wheel rolls forward anti- To frictional force, push driving wheel rotate to form horizontal forward driving force, so as to drive crawler belt, tensioning wheel(Stretcher is to carry out Standard configuration with device), directive wheel occur with wheel rotation in the same direction, driving track rail assembly move forward.As shown in figure 16, ship shape When pedrail mechanism assembly advances together with automobile, specific mechanics principle is described below:
Using a car body weight as 2000KG, wheel tyre surface arc radius is calculated for 0.4 meter of car, an average vehicle The load-bearing of wheel is 0.5T=500KG, g=9.8m/s2, axis wheel is C points, and driving wheel axle center is B points, and two-wheeled contact point is A points, Driving wheel radius is calculated with 0.1 meter, and the angle of radius of wheel and vertical direction calculates (theoretical value) for 45 degree at A points:Work as automobile When starting wheel rolls forward, driving wheel is in contact point A by wheel to the pressure p in driving wheel axle center and rubbing for driving wheel section The driving force that power f, f are driving wheel is wiped, changing direction by rotation acts on crawler belt, crawler belt is pushed to move forward, pressure p is made For driving wheel axle center B, the thrust f1 of horizontal direction and the pressure p 2 of vertical direction are decomposed into, thrust f1 acts on structure side Plate pushes track rail assembly to move forward, it can be seen from the figure that push track rail assembly work is mainly what vehicle wheel rotation was formed Two groups of power of frictional force f and f1:
G=mg=500*9.8=4900N
f=T*sinα=4900*sin45°=3464N
p=T*cosα=4900*cos45°=3464N
f1=p*sinα=3464*sin45°=2449.05N
p1=p*cosα=3464*cos45°=2449.05N
Preferably, in order to prevent vehicle car slipping either make crawler belt fix not roll on themselves in the interior plate or outside Plate rear end is equipped with driving wheel clamping lock, is inserted among the shaggy tooth of driving wheel after the lock pin stretching of the driving wheel clamping lock, Limit driving wheel rotation.
Ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly assembling concrete operations are:Interior outer panel and inside and outside wing plate are combined into overall steel first Frame, then in track body, tensioning wheel is installed in front and rear sides respectively in crawler belt, then further according to different vehicles, optionally A number of front jockey wheel, thrust wheel and rear directive wheel are installed, these wheels are assemblied between interior outer panel;Due to two drives Driving wheel is front and rear to be located above crawler belt, and the first half of assembly steelframe is interior outer wing plate, interior outer wing plate by the hinge with spring with it is interior Outer panel connects, and is uniformly installed with several contact wheels on interior outer wing plate, the wheel shaft of contact wheel is fixed on interior outer wing plate.Specifically When being assemblied in wheel, lock pin is inserted into driving wheel by rotation cage knob, and lock pin locks driving wheel, vehicle wheels by rebound or Person's other manner makes it roll into the spill crawler belt cabin between front and rear driving wheel, contact wheel clamping wheel;Track rail assembly stops fortune When row or installation, dismounting track rail assembly, cage knob is rotated counterclockwise, lock pin is inserted into driving wheel, lock pin locks driving wheel, Prevent track rail assembly car slipping;Knob clockwise opens driving wheel clamping lock again before upper road traveling.
As a preferred embodiment, fixed in order to which inside and outside wing plate is made more to stablize, the inside and outside wing plate is by carrying bullet The hinge of spring is installed on interior outer panel, and contact wheel clamps tire side by the spring force of hinge spring.In the program more Preferably, interior outer wing plate can be arranged to what can be adjusted according to the width of vehicle tyre, outer wing plate is adjustable by position Hinge be installed on outer panel, Hinge include with spring hinge, hinge fixed seat and pedestal locator, institute It states pedestal locator to be fixed in the middle part of top plate, in the corresponding slot in bottom that pedestal locator is stretched into the hinge fixed seat bottom, two It is installed in hinge fixed seat by adjusting bolt command range, the hinge between person.Interior outer wing plate be turned out angle by Limit, bottom adjuster screws adjusting bolt according to tyre width and can be adjusted, and wheel is effectively prevent to break away out under steam shoe Tape cabin.
As a kind of preferred fixed solution, in order to make ship shape crawler belt is more stable to be fixed on wheel, therefore in institute It states outer wing plate center and is equipped with wheel pendant, the wheel pendant includes being fixed on wheel spoke, wheel shaft or wheel hub Hanging plate, the outer middle side part of the hanging plate are equipped with hanging plate shaft, and the hanging plate shaft is connect by bearing with strainer one end, the drawing The tight device other end is connect with outer wing plate.It is therefore preferred that the mode that hanging plate is fixedly connected with wheel is various, following manner may be selected By ship shape pedrail mechanism general assembly on wheel:A:Hanging plate utilizes the axle bolt of wheel in itself centered on wheel hub It is fixed on wheel;B:If being connected with dry-hang board telescopic claw on hanging plate, the hanging plate telescopic claw is installed by T bolt It is fixed on wheel hub on wheel spoke or wheel hub hollow out or using claw tightening device.
Preferably, in order to make the equal radius of inside and outside wing plate adjustable, inside and outside wing plate is divided into wing plate A, wing plate central plate B and the wing The contact surface of plate C, the wing plate A and wing plate C and wing plate central plate B are evenly arranged with several wing plates and adjust lock-bit hole and a wing Plate adjusts shaft hole, and wing plate A and wing plate C adjust shaft hole by respective wing plate respectively and connect with wing plate central plate B both ends, and Lock-bit hole is adjusted by wing plate and adjusts wing plate radius.
Preferably, for full-sized car or instrument, in order to adapt to different ground types, then need in crawler belt, it is leading to Separately install a front jockey wheel B between wheel and tensioning wheel additional, medial and lateral prelaminar part, which installs additional, is oriented to wheel carrier, and front jockey wheel is fixed on interior Between outer panel, tensioning wheel, front jockey wheel B and front jockey wheel, which are fixed on, to be oriented in wheel carrier, be oriented to the interior outside of wheel carrier with it is inside and outside The junction of side plate is respectively equipped with several elevations angle and adjusts lock-bit hole, wheel shaft, the elevation angle tune for being oriented to wheel carrier by front jockey wheel Section lock-bit hole is flexibly connected with inside and outside side plate, so can be fixed on different lock-bits by inside and outside side plate and guiding wheel carrier Hole achievees the purpose that adjustment is oriented to the elevation angle height of wheel carrier, is advanced with the ground type for being adapted to different.
Preferably, it in order to make ship shape crawler belt convenient for disassembly and assembly, is installed above tensioning wheel on rear side of the crawler type walking mechanism Have and telescopic step on vehicle bridge;For the telescopic vehicle bridge of stepping on for two sections of splits or three-section split, two sections of splits are mutual by inside and outside two sections Nesting forms, and three-section split is formed by interior, domestic and abroad mutually nested three sections, wherein interior segment body and middle section body be equipped with bayonet lock and Stent;The telescopic vehicle bridge of stepping on is installed on by hanging scroll on interior outer panel.Motor vehicle can be very convenient by stepping on vehicle bridge vehicle The upper and lower track rail assembly in ground, Lu Qianxian will step on vehicle bridge pull-out on vehicle, by bayonet lock latched position, and open stent, and wheel enters Stent is closed after in crawler belt cabin again, retraction is stepped on vehicle bridge and locked by bayonet lock.
The utility model having the beneficial effect that compared with prior art:Change and crawler belt is loaded in conventional tracks assembly driving wheel Interior drive mode is, loaded on the drive mode on crawler belt, without dismantling original wheel, and makes full use of tire outside driving wheel It rotates to provide driving force;Vehicle bridge is stepped on vehicle assembling is small-sized, facilitates wheel disengaging ship shape crawler belt cabin, it is easy for installation;Due to tire, Driving wheel, crawler belt are all linear movements circumferentially, so being both true speed in the speed that speedometer reflects, facilitate department Control of the machine for speed;Rear wheels of electric vehicle assembles ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly, and a pair of of sled of front-wheel assembling can be regarded simple Snowmobile uses;Installing snow blade or snow removal wheel additional on front-wheel crawler belt after lorry assembling ship shape crawler belt can be used as simply Snowslinger.Ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly remains many advantages of conventional track:Since contact area is big, so bearing capacity Greatly, earth-grasping force is strong, has good traveling and passes through performance;Assembly is assembled by small-sized vehicle bridge of stepping on, and can be completed to pacify by a people Dress or dismounting.Ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly rear vehicle chassis is installed additional compared with being increased before installation, improves the passability of vehicle, more Barrier, climbing power are strong, suitable for polymorphic types motor vehicles such as various SUV, car, jubilee wagen, heavily loaded electric vehicles.It can greatly improve Vehicle vehicle in rain, snowy day or small-sized desert, the passability of common sand-gravel surface and safety, normal road surface presses daily row It sails, ice and snow, sand-gravel surface can be passed through with Fast Installation ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly, solve rain significantly, finding great trouble in getting to one's destination on foot is slided on snowy day road Problem.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is small size ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is medium size ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is wheel pendant and the structural side view of tire assembling.
Fig. 4 is wheel pendant front view.
Fig. 5 is hanging plate and hanging plate telescopic claw structure diagram.
Fig. 6 is the strainer structure diagram on wheel pendant.
Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 is the part A enlarged structure schematic diagram of hinge in Fig. 4.
Fig. 9 is according to the elastic adjusting schematic diagram of tire width.
Figure 10 is the structure diagram that driving wheel clamping lock is extracted.
Figure 11 is the structure diagram that driving wheel clamping lock is inserted into.
Figure 12 adjusts schematic diagram for interior outer wing plate radius.
Figure 13 is that ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly installs the structure diagram for being oriented to wheel carrier additional.
Figure 14 is to be oriented to the schematic diagram that the wheel carrier elevation angle is raised and reduced.
Figure 15 is the operation principle schematic diagram of the utility model.
Figure 16 is the mechanics principle schematic diagram of the utility model.
Figure 17, which is that three-stage is telescopic, steps on the inside and outside three-stage structure schematic diagram of vehicle bridge.
Figure 18, which is that three-stage is telescopic, steps on the inside and outside three-stage structure schematic diagram of vehicle bridge.
Figure 19, which is that three-stage is telescopic, steps on axle structure schematic diagram.
Figure 20, which is that two-part is telescopic, steps on two-stage structure schematic diagram inside and outside vehicle bridge.
Figure 21, which is that two-part is telescopic, steps on two-stage structure schematic diagram inside and outside vehicle bridge.
Figure 22, which is that two-part is telescopic, steps on axle structure schematic diagram.
Figure 23 is the side view of driving wheel.
Figure 24 is the vertical view of driving wheel.
Figure 25 is the structure diagram after ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly is fixed with automobile tyre.
Figure 26 uses structure diagram to step on vehicle bridge.
Figure 27 is the assembly structure diagram of wheel and ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly.
Figure 28 is crawler belt inboard track bulge-structure schematic diagram.
Figure 29 is crawler belt decorative pattern bulge-structure schematic diagram over the ground.
Figure 30 is that large size ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly is oriented to the structure diagram raised at the wheel carrier elevation angle by complex road surface.
Figure 31 is that large size ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly guiding wheel carrier puts down the structure that increase contact area enhances skid resistance Schematic diagram.
In figure:1- crawler belts, 2- tensioning wheels, 3- front jockey wheels, 4- thrust wheels, 5- stretchers, 6- driving wheels, 7- outer panels, 8- outer wing plates, 9- top plates, 10- contact wheels, directive wheel after 11-, 12- hinges, 13- is telescopic to step on vehicle bridge, 14- hanging plates, 15- hanging plates Shaft, 16- strainers, 17- hanging plate telescopic claws, wing plate in 18-, 19- wheel spokes, 20- driving wheel clamping locks, 21- hanging plates are fixed Nut, 22-T head bolts, 23- tires, 24- pedestal locators, 25- hinge fixed seats, 26- hinge springs, 27- adjust spiral shell Bolt, 28- wing plate hinges, 29- cage knobs, 30- lock pins, 31- wing plates adjust lock-bit hole, 32- wing plates A, 33- wing plate central plate B, 34- Wing plate C, 35- are oriented to wheel carrier, and 36- is oriented to wheel carrier wheel shaft mounting hole, and the 37- elevations angle adjust lock-bit hole, 38- front jockey wheels B, and 101- is led Rail protrusion, the anti-protrusions of breakking away of 102-, decorative pattern protrusion, 601- drive wheel bore position, 602- pages of tooth, 603- wheel discs, 604- to 103- over the ground Driving wheel roller, 605- drive shafts, 901- front top plates, top plate among 902-, top plate after 903-, segment body in 1301-, 1302- Middle section body, the outer segment bodies of 1303-, 1304- bayonet locks, 1305- stents, 1306- hanging scrolls, 2301- wheel hubs, 2302- tire treads.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiment of the utility model is illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
A kind of ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, is filled including crawler type walking mechanism, power transmission It puts and assembly steelframe;The crawler type walking mechanism includes crawler belt, and respectively there are one tensioning wheel, institutes for installation for front and rear side in the crawler belt Tensioning wheel is stated equipped with stretcher;It is equipped with front jockey wheel and several thrust wheels between two tensioning wheels successively from front to back;It is described Actuating unit includes two driving wheels for carrying vehicle wheels, be arranged in before and after two driving wheels above crawler belt, And decorative pattern is convex over the ground is engaged with crawler belt;The assembly steelframe includes interior plate, outer panel, interior wing plate and outer wing plate, described inside and outside Side plate symmetric support is fixed in thrust wheel, front jockey wheel and tensioning wheel both sides, two driving wheels between interior outer panel;It is described Inside and outside wing plate is respectively arranged on interior outer panel, and multiple rolled with automobile tyre side is respectively fitted on inside and outside wing plate and is rubbed The contact wheel of wiping.
In embodiment one, two, three, driving wheel clamping lock 20 is employed, driving wheel clamping lock is as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11;Implement It does not add in directive wheel 11 after preferred embodiment in example one, in embodiment two and three, is also equipped between rear side tensioning wheel and thrust wheel Directive wheel 11 afterwards.Operation principle is as shown in figure 15,23 rolls forward of tire, and frictional force drives driving wheel 6 to roll backward, due to Decorative pattern is convex over the ground is engaged for driving wheel 6 and crawler belt 1, and crawler belt 1 is driven to travel forward, thrust wheel 1 therein, tensioning wheel 2, front jockey wheel 3 and rear directive wheel 11 as crawler belt travels forward together.
Embodiment one
The present embodiment is small size ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly, suitable for small-sized 4 wheel driven automobile.In the present embodiment, interior outer wing 3 contact wheels are employed on plate, while 1 group of front jockey wheel is disposed between the tensioning wheel 2 of 1 inside front and rear sides of crawler belt 3 and 5 groups of thrust wheels 4, as shown in Figure 1, inside and outside crawler belt 1 burr shape as shown in Figure 28,29, driving wheel 6 as shown in figs. 23 and 24, Strainer 16 is as shown in Figure 6.
Meanwhile the present embodiment employs preferred embodiment, interior wing plate 18 is installed on interior outside by carrying the hinge 12 of spring On plate, wing plate hinge 28 is fixedly connected by hinge spring 26 with hinge fixed seat 25;Contact wheel 10 passes through hinge spring 26 Spring force clamps tire side;Outer wing plate 8 is connect by the adjustable Hinge in position with outer panel 7, such as Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9 institute Show:Hinge includes hinge 12, hinge fixed seat 25 and pedestal locator 24 with spring, and the pedestal locator 24 is solid Due to 9 middle part of top plate, 25 bottom of hinge fixed seat is stretched into the corresponding slot in bottom of pedestal locator 24, is passed through therebetween 27 command range of adjusting bolt, the hinge 12 are installed in hinge fixed seat 25.
The present embodiment employs preferred fixing assembling mode, is fixed on tire using wheel pendant, 8 center of outer wing plate Wheel pendant is equipped with, including hanging plate 14, hanging plate shaft 15 and strainer 16, hanging plate is fixed on wheel spoke, wheel shaft or wheel hub On;The hanging plate shaft 15 by bearing with vehicle wheel shaft is concentric rotates, the hanging plate shaft 15 by the axle sleeve on bearing with 16 one end of strainer connects, and 16 other end of strainer is connect with outer wing plate 8.Hanging plate 14 utilizes vehicle centered on wheel hub The axle bolt of wheel itself is fixed on wheel;Or as shown in figure 5, be connected with 4 hanging plate telescopic claws 17 on hanging plate 14, Hanging plate telescopic claw 17 is installed on wheel spoke or wheel hub hollow out or is utilized by T bolt 22 and hanging plate fixing nut 21 Claw tightening device is fixed on wheel hub, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4.
The present embodiment additionally uses that two-part is telescopic to step on vehicle bridge simultaneously, as shown in Figure 20,21,22, two sections of splits by it is interior, Outer two sections mutually nested to form, and interior segment body 1301 is equipped with bayonet lock 1304 and stent 1305;Telescopic vehicle bridge 13 of stepping on passes through hanging scroll 1306 are installed on after crawler belt on top plate.
In the present embodiment, since kart tire is relatively narrow, thrust wheel 4, front jockey wheel 3 and tensioning wheel 2 are by 3 Idler wheel is made through a wheel shaft, although three's structure is identical, idler wheel material used in three kinds of wheels and property difference.
Top plate 9 is provided in the present embodiment at the top of interior outer panel, it is three pieces that top plate 9, which divides, front top plate 901, intermediate top plate 902 and 903,2 driving wheels 6 of rear top plate be located in former and later two skylights that three pieces of top plates are formed with interior outer panel respectively, top plate 9 To be skewed, conducive to blowdown;Side is equipped with steel-reinforced rubber protection pad before and after front top plate 901 and rear top plate 903, prevents from acutely running Car body is caused to hit when track rail assembly swing angle exceeds level limit when winnowing with a dustpan or cheat recessed road traveling, car body is risen Protective action;Driving wheel 6 is metal cage type idler wheel simultaneously, as shown in Figure 23,24.
The assembly method of the present embodiment is:As shown in figure 26, the cage knob on driving wheel clamping lock 20 will be inserted into and driven counterclockwise Driving wheel 6, lock pin locks driving wheel, prevents track rail assembly car slipping;Then telescopic vehicle bridge 13 of stepping on is put down, by interior segment body 1301 It is pulled out from outer segment body 1303, and puts down stent 1305, blocked using bayonet lock 1304, wheel rolls into front and rear driving by stepping on vehicle bridge In spill crawler belt cabin between wheel 6, close the retraction of stent 1305 and step on vehicle bridge, using the elastic force of spring, 10 clamping wheel of contact wheel, Then hanging plate 14 is fixed on using the axle bolt of wheel in itself on wheel centered on wheel hub;Or utilize hanging plate 14 Hanging plate telescopic claw 17, by hanging plate telescopic claw 17 be installed on wheel spoke or wheel hub hollow out by T bolt 22 or profit It is fixed on wheel hub with claw tightening device, hanging plate can ensure that track rail assembly can be with wheel dipping and heaving in vehicle traveling Without departing from knob clockwise opens driving wheel clamping lock again before upper road traveling.
Embodiment two
The present embodiment is medium size ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly, suitable for medium sized vehicles such as medium truck, large size SUV, is such as schemed Shown in 25.In the present embodiment, 5 contact wheels are employed on interior outer wing plate, while in the tensioning wheel of 1 inside front and rear sides of crawler belt Directive wheel 11 after 1 group of front jockey wheel, 3,5 groups of thrust wheels 4 and 1 group is disposed between 2, as shown in Fig. 2, burr inside and outside crawler belt 1 Shape is as shown in Figure 28,29, and as shown in figs. 23 and 24, strainer 16 is as shown in Figure 6 for driving wheel 6.
The difference of the embodiment and embodiment one is as follows:
In the present embodiment, inside and outside wing plate 18,8 is set as to radius is adjustable, and as shown in figure 12, inside and outside wing plate 18,8 is divided equally For three pieces of small wings, i.e.,:On wing plate A32, wing plate central plate B33 and wing plate C34, wing plate A32 and wing plate C34 with wing plate central plate The contact surface of B33 is evenly arranged with several wing plates and adjusts lock-bit hole 31 and a wing plate adjusting shaft hole, wing plate A32 and wing plate C34 adjusts shaft hole by respective wing plate respectively and is connect with wing plate central plate B33, and adjusting lock-bit hole 31 further through wing plate is adjusted Wing plate radius, since wing plate A32 and wing plate C34 can adjust shaft rotation around wing plate, the two passes through different wing plates Lock-bit hole 31 is adjusted, the outer wing plate 8 of different radii is fixed as with wing plate central plate B33, reaches the mesh of adjustment wing plate radius size 's.
The present embodiment employs that three-stage is telescopic to step on vehicle bridge, as shown in Figure 17,18,19, three-section split by it is interior, in, it is outer Three sections of mutually nested compositions, wherein being equipped with bayonet lock 1304 and stent 1305 on interior segment body 1301 and middle section body 1302;It is described Telescopic vehicle bridge 13 of stepping on is installed on after crawler belt by hanging scroll 1306 on top plate.
In the present embodiment, since compact car tire is wider, thrust wheel 4, front jockey wheel 3, rear directive wheel 11 and Bearing up pulley 2 is made of 4 idler wheels through a wheel shaft, although three's structure is identical, three kinds wheel used in idler wheel material and Property is different.
The assembly method of the present embodiment is:As shown in figure 26, the cage knob on driving wheel clamping lock 20 is inserted into driving counterclockwise Wheel 6, lock pin locks driving wheel, prevents track rail assembly car slipping;Then telescopic vehicle bridge 13 of stepping on is put down, by interior 1301 He of segment body Middle section body 1302 is pulled out from outer segment body 1303, and puts down stent 1305, is blocked using bayonet lock 1304, and wheel is rolled by stepping on vehicle bridge Enter in the spill crawler belt cabin between front and rear driving wheel 6, close the retraction of stent 1305 and step on vehicle bridge, utilize the elastic force of spring, contact wheel Then hanging plate 14 is fixed on using the axle bolt of wheel in itself on wheel by 10 clamping wheels centered on wheel hub;Or Person utilizes the hanging plate telescopic claw 17 of hanging plate 14, and hanging plate telescopic claw 17 is installed on wheel spoke or wheel hub by T bolt 22 It is fixed on wheel hub in hollow out or using claw tightening device, hanging plate can ensure that track rail assembly can be in vehicle traveling Wheel dipping and heaving is without departing from knob clockwise opens driving wheel clamping lock again before upper road traveling, after assembling as shown in figure 27.
Embodiment three
The present embodiment is large size ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly, suitable for big machineries such as motorbus.In the present embodiment, 5 contact wheels are employed on interior outer wing plate, while are disposed between the tensioning wheel 2 of 1 inside front and rear sides of crawler belt leading The directive wheel 11 after wheel B38,3,5 groups of thrust wheels 4 of front jockey wheel and 1, burr shape is such as shown in Figure 30,31, inside and outside crawler belt 1 Figure 28, shown in 29, as shown in figs. 23 and 24, strainer 16 is as shown in Figure 6 for driving wheel 6.
The difference of the embodiment and embodiment two is as follows:
The present embodiment employs preferred fixing assembling mode, not only may be used and the fixed form in embodiment two: Hanging plate 14 is fixed on using the axle bolt of wheel in itself on wheel centered on wheel hub;Or as shown in figure 5, hanging plate 14 Be connected with dry-hang board telescopic claw 17 on if, the hanging plate telescopic claw 17 by T bolt 22 be installed on wheel spoke or It is fixed on wheel hub in wheel hub hollow out or using claw tightening device, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4;Can also with vehicle chassis or Vehicle frame is fixed point, stress point, installs chassis hanging cable or damper cylinder additional, by ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly be fixed on vehicle chassis or On person's shock-proof spring.
In the present embodiment, selected preferred embodiment, as shown in figure 13, inside, outside prelaminar part install additional be oriented to wheel carrier 35, it is preceding Directive wheel 3 is fixed between interior outer panel, and tensioning wheel 2 and front jockey wheel B38 are fixed on and are oriented in wheel carrier 35, and it is solid to be oriented to wheel carrier 35 Due to the junction on the wheel shaft of tensioning wheel 2, front jockey wheel B38 and front jockey wheel 3, being oriented on the outside of in wheel carrier 35 with interior outer panel Be respectively equipped with several elevations angle and adjust lock-bit holes 37, be oriented to wheel carrier 35 by the wheel shaft of front jockey wheel 3, the elevation angle adjust lock-bit hole 37 with Interior outer panel flexible connection;In Figure 14, interior outer panel connects from being oriented to wheel carrier 35 and adjusting lock-bit hole 31 by the different elevations angle and fix Connect, can raise the elevation angle to adapt to complicated ground type, at the same can also the elevation angle reduce, improve skid resistance to increase contact area With climbing power.
The assembly method of the present embodiment is:According to surface conditions, 35 elevation angle of wheel carrier will be oriented to and raise or be reduced to difference Angle, such as:Snowfield can suitably reduce angle;Complex road surface can appropriate elevation angle;After angle fixes, counterclockwise Cage knob on driving wheel clamping lock 20 will be inserted into driving wheel 6, lock pin locks driving wheel, prevents track rail assembly car slipping;Then will Telescopic vehicle bridge 13 of stepping on is put down, and interior segment body 1301 and middle section body 1302 are pulled out, and put down stent 1305 from outer segment body 1303, It is blocked using bayonet lock 1304, wheel is rolled by stepping on vehicle bridge in the spill crawler belt cabin between front and rear driving wheel 6, closes stent 1305 Vehicle bridge is stepped in retraction, and using the elastic force of spring, then hanging plate 14 is fixed on wheel by 10 clamping wheel of contact wheel by aforementioned manner On tire, to ensure that track rail assembly can be as wheel dipping and heaving be without departing from before upper road traveling again clockwise in vehicle traveling Knob opens driving wheel clamping lock, after assembling as shown in figure 27.
Above-described embodiment illustrates, produces large, medium and small type ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly according to different vehicle, can be applicable in city The demand of various commercial vehicle, car, middle-size and small-size lorry, express delivery electric vehicle in city, can be to prevent in the case of no special vehicle It protects tire and solves the traveling problem of common vehicle in due course, improve city, suburbs sleet season, small-sized natural calamity and meet an urgent need prominent Traffic safety status in hair event.On the other hand the investment in terms of professional vehicle equipment can be reduced, avoids special equipment The occurrence of " with a season, not busy three seasons " this waste.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables professional and technical personnel in the field to realize or new using this practicality Type.A variety of modifications of these embodiments will be apparent for those skilled in the art, determine herein The General Principle of justice can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present utility model.Cause This, the utility model is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and principles disclosed herein The most wide range consistent with features of novelty.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly, it is characterised in that:Including crawler type walking mechanism, actuating unit and assembly steel Frame;The crawler type walking mechanism includes crawler belt(1), the crawler belt(1)Respectively there are one tensioning wheels for installation for interior front and rear side(2), institute State tensioning wheel(2)It is equipped with stretcher(5);It is equipped with front jockey wheel between two tensioning wheels successively from front to back(3)With it is several Roller(4);
The actuating unit includes two driving wheels for carrying vehicle wheels(6), two driving wheels(6)Front and rear cloth It is placed in crawler belt(1)Top and and crawler belt(1)The convex occlusion of decorative pattern over the ground;
The assembly steelframe includes interior plate, outer panel(7), interior wing plate(18)And outer wing plate(8), the interior outer panel symmetrically props up It supports in thrust wheel(4), front jockey wheel(3)And tensioning wheel(2)Both sides, two driving wheels(6)It is fixed between interior outer panel;It is described Inside and outside wing plate(18、8)It is respectively arranged on interior outer panel, inside and outside wing plate(18、8)On be respectively fitted with multiple and wheel for motor vehicle The contact wheel of sidewall face rolling friction(10).
2. ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Positioned at the tensioning wheel of rear side(2)And branch Roller(4)Between be also equipped with rear directive wheel(11).
3. ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The interior plate or outer panel(7) Rear end is equipped with driving wheel clamping lock(20), the driving wheel clamping lock(20)Lock pin(30)Driving wheel is inserted into after stretching(6) Shaggy tooth among, limit driving wheel(6)Rotation.
4. ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inside and outside wing plate(18、8)Pass through Hinge with spring(12)It is installed on inside and outside side plate;Contact wheel on interior outer wing plate(10)Pass through hinge spring(26)'s Spring force clamps tire side.
5. ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The outer wing plate(8)It can by position The Hinge of tune is installed on outer panel(7)On, the Hinge includes the hinge with spring(12), hinge fixed seat (25)With pedestal locator(24), the pedestal locator(24)It is fixed on top plate(9)Middle part, the hinge fixed seat(25)Bottom Portion stretches into pedestal locator(24)The corresponding slot in bottom in, pass through adjusting bolt therebetween(27)Command range, the hinge (12)It is installed on hinge fixed seat(25)On.
6. ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The outer wing plate(8)Center is equipped with Wheel pendant, the wheel pendant include the hanging plate for being fixed on wheel spoke, wheel shaft or wheel hub(14), the hanging plate (14)Outer middle side part is equipped with hanging plate shaft(15), the hanging plate shaft(15)Pass through bearing and strainer(16)One end connects, institute State strainer(16)The other end and outer wing plate(8)Connection.
7. ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The hanging plate(14)On be connected with If dry-hang board telescopic claw(17), the hanging plate telescopic claw(17)Pass through T bolt(22)It is installed on wheel spoke or wheel hub is engraved It is fixed on wheel hub on sky or using claw tightening device.
8. ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inside and outside wing plate(18、8)Respectively For wing plate A(32), wing plate central plate B(33)With wing plate C(34), the wing plate A(32)With wing plate C(34)With wing plate central plate B (33)Contact surface be evenly arranged with several wing plates and adjust lock-bit holes(31)Shaft hole, wing plate A are adjusted with a wing plate(32)With Wing plate C(34)Shaft hole and wing plate central plate B are adjusted by respective wing plate respectively(33)Both ends connect, and are adjusted by wing plate Lock-bit hole(31)Adjust wing plate radius.
9. ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The crawler belt(1)It is interior, it is leading to Wheel(3)And tensioning wheel(2)Between separately install a front jockey wheel B additional(38), the front jockey wheel(3)Be fixed on inside and outside side plate it Between, tensioning wheel(2), front jockey wheel B(38)And front jockey wheel(3)It is fixed on guiding wheel carrier(35)It is interior, it is oriented to wheel carrier(35)It is interior Outside and the junction of inside and outside side plate are respectively equipped with several elevations angle and adjust lock-bit hole(37), the guiding wheel carrier(35)By preceding Directive wheel(3)Wheel shaft, the elevation angle adjust lock-bit hole(37)It is flexibly connected with inside and outside side plate.
10. ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The inside and outside side plate rear end peace Vehicle bridge is stepped on equipped with telescopic(13);It is described telescopic to step on vehicle bridge(13)For two sections of splits or three-section split, two sections of splits by it is interior, Outer two sections mutually nested to form, and three-section split is formed by interior, domestic and abroad mutually nested three sections.
CN201721385683.2U 2017-10-25 2017-10-25 Ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly Active CN207549882U (en)

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CN201721385683.2U CN207549882U (en) 2017-10-25 2017-10-25 Ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721385683.2U CN207549882U (en) 2017-10-25 2017-10-25 Ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly

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CN201721385683.2U Active CN207549882U (en) 2017-10-25 2017-10-25 Ship shape pedrail mechanism assembly

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110239291A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-09-17 杨至恒 It is a kind of to be easily installed the automobile snowfield walk supporting device used

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110239291A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-09-17 杨至恒 It is a kind of to be easily installed the automobile snowfield walk supporting device used
CN110239291B (en) * 2019-04-11 2021-08-13 杨至恒 Automobile snow walking auxiliary device convenient to install and use

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