CN207410716U - A kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device - Google Patents

A kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207410716U
CN207410716U CN201721380214.1U CN201721380214U CN207410716U CN 207410716 U CN207410716 U CN 207410716U CN 201721380214 U CN201721380214 U CN 201721380214U CN 207410716 U CN207410716 U CN 207410716U
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cutterhead
ditching
ditching knife
knife
crossbeam
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刘玲燕
张国樟
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Abstract

The utility model is related to agricultural machinery technological fields, and in particular to a kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device.The utility model includes cutterhead, ditching knife I, ditching knife II, ditching knife III, hitch frame, crossbeam, kuppe, cutter plate driver mechanism, longeron and ditch cleaning plough, cutter plate driver mechanism is set on cutterhead, five groups of ditching knifes of array on cutterhead, every group is followed successively by ditching knife I, ditching knife II and ditching knife III, ditching knife is bolted on cutterhead, kuppe is provided with above cutterhead, there is longeron between cutterhead and kuppe, crossbeam is set on front side of cutterhead, it is fixedly connected between crossbeam and longeron, below the crossbeam is provided with hitch frame, and ditch cleaning plough is provided on rear side of cutterhead.The utility model provide it is a kind of it is simple in structure, performance is stable, manufacture is at low cost and quality of ditching is good, can effectively reduce cost of labor, the orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device of work progress simplicity.

Description

A kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device
Technical field
The utility model is related to agricultural machinery technological fields, and in particular to a kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device.
Background technology
As China's fruit demand is constantly promoted, orchard planting not only needs to promote its yield, also to improve orchard soil Utilization rate, fertilising are the important steps to raise fruit trees, if fruit does not obtain enough fertilizer and will influence its growth, cause fruiting rate Low and fruit development is bad.Fertilization type is mainly inorganic fertilizer and organic fertilizer, the former has the fertilizer efficiency special soon mainly based on chemical fertilizer Point, but there are the problems such as soil fertility and fruit quality decline for long-time service.At present, the use of organic fertilizer is relatively broad, is applying Ditching operation is important working link during fertilizer, and there is labor intensity is big, operating efficiency is low, raw for traditional artificial trench digging It produces the problems such as of high cost, thus mechanization ditching operation has become the inexorable trend during the fertilising operation of scale orchard.
Utility model content
(1) technical problems to be solved
The utility model in view of the above-mentioned problems, provide it is a kind of it is simple in structure, performance is stable, manufacture is at low cost and matter of ditching It measures, can effectively reduce cost of labor, the orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device of work progress simplicity.
(2) technical solution
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model is related to agricultural machinery technological fields, and in particular to a kind of orchard is deep Organic fertilizer ditching device includes cutterhead, ditching knife I, ditching knife II, ditching knife III, hitch frame, crossbeam, kuppe, knife Dish driving mechanism, longeron and ditch cleaning plough, the cutterhead are annular shape, the setting cutter plate driver mechanism on cutterhead, array on cutterhead Five groups of ditching knifes, every group is followed successively by ditching knife I, ditching knife II and ditching knife III, ditching knife and is bolted on cutterhead, Kuppe is provided with above cutterhead, has longeron between cutterhead and kuppe, crossbeam is set on front side of cutterhead, it is solid between crossbeam and longeron Fixed connection, below the crossbeam are provided with hitch frame, and ditch cleaning plough is provided on rear side of cutterhead.
Preferably, the cutterhead form is using whole disc type.
Preferably, the ditching knife uses tulwar structure type, and ditching knife I, ditching knife II and ditching knife III length are successively It is incremented by, it is incremented by successively with cutter tilt angle.
Operation principle:It during work, is drawn and advanced by postposition trifilar suspension by tractor, in the course of work, it is dilatory to start Machine hangs gear to creeper gear, and tractor rear output shaft output power drives cutterhead to turn through universal shaft and trench digging machine gearbox It is dynamic;When cutterhead rotating speed reaches rated value, driver requires control hydraulic system to fall rack according to ditching depth, until reaching Required ditching depth;If you need to ditch to depth capacity, oil cylinder can be zoomed to bottom completely, at this point, ditching knife contacted with soil into Row ditching operation, ditching knife I, ditching knife II and ditching knife III are cycled successively cut soil successively, and the soil being cut is with knife Disc spins are thrown to kuppe, and the both sides for holding ditch successfully are dropped down onto under the action of kuppe;It is partly tossed in order to prevent Soil, which is fallen into ditch, influences trench digging effect, is mounted with that ditch cleaning plough carries out secondary ditching on rear side of rack, so as to complete ditching operation.
(3) advantageous effect
The utility model overcomes the shortcomings that labor intensity existing for traditional artificial ditching operation is big, operating efficiency is low, carries A kind of collection is supplied to dig cave, fertilising, earthing integrated operation, fertilising is efficient, can effectively reduce cost of labor, work progress simplicity Orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device.
Description of the drawings
Attached drawing described herein is to be used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and forms one of the application Point, but do not form the restriction to the utility model.
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the utility model orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device.
In figure:1- cutterheads, 2- ditching knifes I, 3- ditching knife II, 4- ditching knife III, 5- hitch frame, 6- crossbeams, 7- water conservancy diversion Cover, 8- cutter plate drivers mechanism, 9- longerons, 10- ditch cleanings plough.
Specific embodiment
The utility model and its effect are further elaborated below in conjunction with accompanying drawings and embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device, include cutterhead 1, ditching knife I2, ditching knife II3, Ditching knife III4, hitch frame 5, crossbeam 6, kuppe 7, cutter plate driver mechanism 8, longeron 9 and ditch cleaning plough 10, cutterhead 1 are annular shape, Cutter plate driver mechanism 8 is set on cutterhead 1, and five groups of ditching knifes of array on cutterhead 1, every group is followed successively by ditching knife I2, ditching knife II3 With ditching knife III4, ditching knife is bolted on cutterhead 1, and 1 top of cutterhead is provided with kuppe 7, cutterhead 1 and kuppe There is longeron 9 between 7,1 front side of cutterhead sets crossbeam 6, is fixedly connected between crossbeam 6 and longeron 9, and 6 lower section of crossbeam is provided with traction Frame 5,1 rear side of cutterhead are provided with ditch cleaning plough 10.
Further, 1 form of cutterhead is big, simple in structure, easy to process and reliable with rigid using whole disc type The features such as property is good.
Further, ditching knife use tulwar structure type, ditching knife I2, ditching knife II3 and ditching knife III4 length according to It is secondary incremental, it is incremented by successively with 1 angle of inclination of cutterhead.
Kuppe 7 is mainly made of arc plate, side straight panel and fixed mounting plate etc., and main function is will to be thrown by ditching knife Soil be regularly deposited in the both sides of ditch, soil is prevented to be again introduced into ditch, influences quality of ditching, is made for subsequent fertilising Industry lays the foundation.
In the ditching device course of work, ditching knife cuts soil, and the soil being cut can be with the rotation of ditching knife Turn to be tossed along the tangential direction that ditching knife rotates with certain speed, it is impossible to reach and stack the mesh of soil in ditch both sides 's.For this purpose, kuppe is installed in the direction that soil is thrown, so that soil is impinged upon with certain incidence angle on kuppe, it will Soil further crushes, and broken soil drops down onto the both sides of ditch with similar reflection angle lapping.
Power source is tractor dynamic power rear output shaft, and power is transferred to transmission assembly (main bag by Hooks coupling universal coupling Include The gear deceleration box assembly, the parts such as bevel gear box assembly, sprocket wheel box assembly) bevel gear box assembly part carry out deceleration torque And change transmission direction;Then sprocket wheel box part is transmitted to, carrying out deceleration torque by sprocket wheel chain transmission mode transfers power Furrowing machine knife disc assembly is given, so as to which cutterhead assembly be driven to rotate, ditching knife cuts soil.
Operation principle:It during work, is drawn and advanced by postposition trifilar suspension by tractor, in the course of work, it is dilatory to start Machine hangs gear to creeper gear, and tractor rear output shaft output power drives 1 turn of cutterhead through universal shaft and trench digging machine gearbox It is dynamic;When 1 rotating speed of cutterhead reaches rated value, driver requires control hydraulic system to fall rack according to ditching depth, until reaching To required ditching depth;If you need to ditch to depth capacity, oil cylinder can be zoomed to bottom completely, at this point, ditching knife is contacted with soil Ditching operation is carried out, ditching knife I2, ditching knife II3 and ditching knife III4 cycle the soil for successively cutting soil, being cut successively As cutterhead rotation is thrown to 7 inside of kuppe, the both sides for holding ditch successfully are dropped down onto under the action of kuppe 7;Part in order to prevent The soil being tossed, which is fallen into ditch, influences trench digging effect, is mounted with that ditch cleaning plough 10 carries out secondary ditching on rear side of rack, so as to complete Ditching operation.
Above example is only exemplary, and can't limit to the utility model, it should be pointed out that for the technology of this field Other equivalent modifications made for personnel under technical inspiration provided by the utility model and improvement are regarded as this The protection domain of utility model.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device, it is characterised in that:Include cutterhead (1), ditching knife I (2), ditching knife II (3), ditching knife III (4), hitch frame (5), crossbeam (6), kuppe (7), cutter plate driver mechanism (8), longeron (9) and ditch cleaning plough (10), the cutterhead (1) is annular shape, the setting cutter plate driver mechanism (8) on cutterhead (1), five groups of trench diggings of array on cutterhead (1) Knife, every group is followed successively by ditching knife I (2), ditching knife II (3) and ditching knife III (4), and ditching knife is bolted on cutterhead (1) On, kuppe (7) is provided with above cutterhead (1), has longeron (9) between cutterhead (1) and kuppe (7), is set on front side of cutterhead (1) Crossbeam (6) is fixedly connected between crossbeam (6) and longeron (9), and hitch frame (5) is provided with below crossbeam (6), is set on rear side of cutterhead (1) It is equipped with ditch cleaning plough (10).
2. a kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Cutterhead (1) shape Formula is using whole disc type.
3. a kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ditching knife uses Tulwar structure type, ditching knife I (2), ditching knife II (3) and ditching knife III (4) length are incremented by successively, with cutterhead (1) inclination angle It spends incremented by successively.
CN201721380214.1U 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 A kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device Active CN207410716U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721380214.1U CN207410716U (en) 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 A kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721380214.1U CN207410716U (en) 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 A kind of orchard deep placement organic fertilizer ditching device

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CN207410716U true CN207410716U (en) 2018-05-29

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109089476A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-28 石河子大学 A kind of pod of ditching machine
CN109104944A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-01-01 孙雪芹 A kind of operating method of fruit-bearing forest ditching-fertilizing all-in-one machine
CN113016556A (en) * 2021-03-17 2021-06-25 内蒙古自治区林业科学研究院 Movable sand barrier planting machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109089476A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-28 石河子大学 A kind of pod of ditching machine
CN109104944A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-01-01 孙雪芹 A kind of operating method of fruit-bearing forest ditching-fertilizing all-in-one machine
CN113016556A (en) * 2021-03-17 2021-06-25 内蒙古自治区林业科学研究院 Movable sand barrier planting machine

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