CN211152651U - Straw picking, ditching and returning machine - Google Patents

Straw picking, ditching and returning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211152651U
CN211152651U CN201922189289.7U CN201922189289U CN211152651U CN 211152651 U CN211152651 U CN 211152651U CN 201922189289 U CN201922189289 U CN 201922189289U CN 211152651 U CN211152651 U CN 211152651U
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China
Prior art keywords
ditching
main
driver
cabin
machine
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CN201922189289.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李妍
丁润锁
高贤彪
吴迪
张新建
王金明
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Tianjin Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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TIANJIN INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE
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Abstract

The utility model aims at providing a still field machine of ditching is picked up to straw, its characterized in that: the ditching machine comprises a main operation cabin, a main driving machine, a main transmission shaft, a crushing device, a dipping roller, a fan, a ditching driving machine, a ditching driver, a ditcher and a shielding plate, wherein the fan is also provided with a discharge pipe and a spraying opening; this equipment structure is simple, convenient operation, labour saving and time saving, wholly adopts ditching and farmland straw to pick up crushing synchronization operation, can spray the kibbling straw in the ditch field that the ditching machine broke ground, realizes that the straw is smashed still field, has saved artifical smashing and has shed, has improved the farmland straw and has picked up, smash, spray, the process of ditching, has improved work efficiency.

Description

Straw picking, ditching and returning machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a field operation field especially relates to a ditching still field machine is picked up to straw.
Background
China is a large country for grain production, crop straws are produced by more than 6 hundred million tons every year, and at present, the main ways for comprehensively utilizing the straws are straw returning, straw feed application, straw energy application, industrial production raw materials and the like. For the technical operation of furrow and stalk ridge culture, a plurality of steps are needed to complete, firstly, a manual picking mode is adopted, after smashing treatment, farmland ditching is carried out, smashed stalks are sprayed in farmland ditches, a large amount of manpower and material resources are needed to complete, with the continuous development of scientific and technical farmers, the original manual operation is replaced by some automatic agricultural equipment, the working efficiency is improved, the thinking of the operation step of returning the stalks to the field is lacked when some farmland combined harvesting equipment harvests crops at present, the ditching and the smashing and spraying of the stalks are mutually independent operation units, although labor is saved in working, the ditching and the stalk combined harvesting equipment are not effectively combined, the working efficiency is greatly reduced, more time and labor are saved, the operation of stalk furrow ridge culture is helped to be more one step, is the problem that needs to be solved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing an adopt ditching and farmland straw to pick up and smash synchronous operation, can spray the kibbling straw in the ditch field that the ditching machine broke ground, realize that the straw is smashed still field, saved artifical smashing and shed, improved work speed, saved operating time's straw and picked up ditching and return the field machine.
The technical scheme of the utility model is that: the utility model provides a straw is picked up ditching and is returned field machine which characterized in that: the automatic ditching and crushing machine comprises a main operation cabin, a main driving machine, a main driving shaft, a crushing device, a dipping roller, a fan, a ditching driving machine, a ditching driver, a ditcher and a shielding plate, wherein the main driving machine is positioned at the upper part of the main operation cabin, the main driving machine is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the main driving shaft is positioned at one side inside the main operation cabin, the main driving shaft is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the main driving shaft is also provided with two crushing device drivers which are respectively positioned at two sides of the main operation cabin, one end of any crushing device driver is fixedly connected with the main driving shaft, the other end of the crushing device driver is fixedly connected with the crushing device, the crushing device is positioned inside the main operation cabin and positioned at one side of the main driving shaft, and the crushing device is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the soil sticking roller is positioned at the lower part of the crushing device, the soil sticking roller is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the fan is positioned at one side of the crushing device, the fan is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the ditching driver is positioned at the upper part of the main operation cabin, the ditching driver is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the ditching driver is also provided with a rotation-assisting transmission shaft, the rotation-assisting transmission shaft is positioned at one side of the ditching driver, one end of the rotation-assisting transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the ditching driver, the other end of the rotation-assisting transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the main transmission shaft, the ditching driver is positioned at one side of the ditching driver, the ditching driver is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the ditching driver is positioned at one side of the ditching driver, the ditching driver is fixedly connected with the ditching driver, and the ditcher is positioned at the other side of the ditching driver, the ditching device is fixedly connected with one end of the ditching driver, the shielding plate is positioned between the ditching device and the main operation cabin, and the shielding plate is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin.
Further, the main operation cabin is a sealed steel structure cabin body, and the crushing device is a straw crusher.
Further, still be equipped with delivery pipe and sprinkler bead on the fan, the delivery pipe is located the upper portion of fan, delivery pipe and fan are fixed connection, the sprinkler bead is located the upper portion of delivery pipe, the sprinkler bead is connected for rotating with the delivery pipe.
Furthermore, a connecting arm is further arranged on the ditching driver and is positioned on one side of the ditching driver, the connecting arm is fixedly connected with the ditching driver, and the connecting arm is a double-folded connecting arm.
Still further, still be equipped with the telescoping device on the linking arm, the telescoping device is located one side of linking arm, the one end and the linking arm of telescoping device are fixed connection, the other end and the ditching driver of telescoping device are fixed connection, the telescoping device is the electronic hydraulic compressor.
Furthermore, the furrow opener is composed of a main shaft, two furrow opening discs and a plurality of soil loosening knives, wherein the main shaft is positioned at the other side of the furrow opening driver, the main shaft is fixedly connected with one end of the furrow opening driver, the two furrow opening discs are parallelly positioned at the two sides of the main shaft according to a certain distance, any furrow opening disc is fixedly connected with the main shaft, a plurality of soil breaking knives, a plurality of soil planing knives, four holes and a plurality of gaps are also arranged on any furrow opening disc, any soil breaking knife is positioned at one side of the furrow opening disc, the soil breaking knives are fixedly connected with the furrow opening discs, any soil planing knife is positioned at the other side of the furrow opening disc, the soil planing knives are fixedly connected with the furrow opening discs, the four holes are arranged at the middle parts of the furrow opening discs according to a cross shape, the four holes are fixedly connected with the furrow opening discs, and the gaps are positioned at the edges of the furrow, the plurality of gaps are fixedly connected with the ditching discs, the four holes are round holes, the gaps are arbitrary and are semicircular or arc-shaped, every two groups of the plurality of soil loosening knives are located between the two ditching discs, and the soil loosening knives are fixedly connected with the main shaft arbitrarily.
Still further, the quantity of a plurality of earthing knives is 4 to all be cast iron crotch, the quantity of a plurality of planer tool is the same with the quantity of earthing knives, and all be cast iron crotch with cylinder linking arm.
And furthermore, each soil planing cutter and each soil breaking cutter are distributed on the side surface of the ditching disc in a staggered manner.
Still further, the quantity of a plurality of sword that loosens the soil is a plurality of to all be cast iron short crotch.
Further, still be equipped with ditching transmission machine mount, a plurality of shock attenuation fixer and two traction link on the main operating compartment, ditching transmission machine mount is located one side of main driving machine, ditching transmission machine mount is fixed connection with the main operating compartment, arbitrary the shock attenuation fixer is located reducing mechanism's the outside, the shock attenuation fixer is fixed connection with the main operating compartment, two traction link parallel bit are in the lower part of ditching transmission machine mount, two traction link all are fixed connection with the main operating compartment, ditching transmission machine mount is triangle welding steelframe, a plurality of shock attenuation fixer's quantity is a plurality of to be hook formula extension spring.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that: because the equipment is heavy and belongs to a large-scale operation mechanism, two traction connecting rods are arranged on one side, close to a main transmission shaft, of a main operation cabin and are used for fixing with other traction trailers, so that traction operation is facilitated; in addition, the driving parts are connected by using electric control equipment on the traction machinery or the traction trailer, and during operation, an operator only needs to operate the electric control equipment on the traction machinery or the traction trailer to complete the control of the driving parts on the equipment; the whole equipment is divided into two operation structures of straw crushing and spraying and ditch digging; the main transmission shaft is provided with two smashing device drivers which can ensure the continuity of transmission and reduce the loss of machine body parts while ensuring the smashing work to be more free, the ditching driver utilizes the transmission shaft of the ditching driver to be connected with the ditching driver to form a linkage mechanism, when one driving device has a problem, the ditching driver can also provide power for the whole operation by the driving of other driving devices, because the connection distance between the ditching driver and a ditcher at one end of the ditching driver is longer, the vibration and stress point generated during the operation are larger, a ditching driver fixing frame is also arranged at one side of the ditching driver fixing frame, and the ditching driver fixing frame adopts the welding of a triangular structure to play a role of consolidation, in addition, one end of the ditching driver is provided with a connecting arm which adopts a double-bending connecting arm, and the other end of the connecting arm is provided with a telescopic device, the telescopic device adopts an electric hydraulic compressor and is used for being matched with a double-folded structure of the connecting arm, so that the furrow opener can be lifted or contacted with the ground along with the folding and unfolding of the telescopic device, the furrowing depth can be even controlled, and the furrowing operation effect is improved; the whole furrow opener adopts a plurality of rows of teeth, the cast iron hook adopted by the soil breaking cutter has impact force and is used for breaking soil, the cast iron hook with a cylindrical connecting arm is adopted by the soil digging cutter, the width of a furrow is increased, and the soil layer broken by the soil breaking cutter is crushed and driven, so that the soil on two sides of the furrow is softer, the soil on the middle position of the furrow can be loosened by each soil loosening cutter under the rotating drive of the main shaft along with the penetration of the furrow, the soil on the two sides of the furrow can be conveniently dug by the soil breaking cutter and the soil digging cutter, the staggered structure of the long hook and the short hook can be more convenient for the digging of farmland, the time and the labor are saved, the working efficiency is greatly improved, the holes and the gaps on each furrow disc are used for avoiding the blockage caused by the soil accumulation on the furrow disc during the digging, and a large amount of dust can be generated along with the increase of the force of the furrow digging, in order to avoid the dust from flying towards the traction machinery or the traction trailer, a baffle plate is additionally arranged to play a role in protection; the outer side of the crushing device is provided with a plurality of damping fixers, each damping fixer adopts a hook type tension spring, and the damping fixer can reduce the vibration generated by the crushing device and fix the damping fixer when the crushing device works, so that the whole equipment can run more stably and freely.
The device is mainly used for collecting and returning straws to fields in corn and wheat planting areas, the angle of a spraying opening above the device can be adjusted within the range of 20-90 degrees, the water content of the corn and wheat straws is generally about 5-80 percent, the higher the water content of the straws is, the larger the angle adjustment degree is, and otherwise, the lower the water content is, the smaller the angle adjustment degree is. The purpose is mainly when the straw water content is lower, make the straw after smashing spill to the fender lid of ditching blade top through the discharge gate on to reduce and prevent the straw to fly upward everywhere, in getting into the ditch after buffering by the fender lid, improve the straw and go into ditch efficiency, the straw collection rate promptly, through this equipment operation debugging, 95% maize, wheat straw can concentrate and get into in the ditch, can follow-up earthing back like this make the straw whole concentrate bury in the ditch.
This equipment structure is simple, convenient operation, labour saving and time saving, wholly adopts ditching and farmland straw to pick up crushing synchronous operation, can spray the kibbling straw in the ditch field that the ditching machine broke ground, realizes that the straw is smashed still field, has saved artifical smashing and has shed, has improved the farmland straw greatly and has picked up, smash, spray, the process of ditching, has shortened the activity duration, has improved work efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the main operating cabin of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the ditching driver of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the furrow opener of the utility model.
Fig. 5 is a side view of the furrow opener of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a side view of the furrow opener of the present invention without the earth-planing tool.
Wherein: 1. main operation cabin 2, main driving machine 3 and main transmission shaft
4. Crushing device driver 5, crushing device 6 and dipping roller
7. Fan 8, discharge pipe 9, and spray nozzle
10. Ditching driver 11, rotation-assisted transmission shaft 12 and ditching driver
13. Ditching driver 14, ditching driver fixing frame 15 and connecting arm
16. Telescoping device 17, furrow opener 18, main shaft
19. Ditching disc 20, broken native sword 21, planer tool
22. Scarification blade 23, shielding plate 24 and damping fixer
25. Traction connecting rod 26, hole 27 and notch
Detailed Description
The following provides a brief description of the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in the figures 1, 2, 3 and 4, the straw picking, ditching and returning machine is characterized in that: the automatic opening and closing device is composed of a main operation cabin 1, a main driving machine 2, a main driving shaft 3, a smashing device 5, a dipping roller 6, a fan 7, a ditching driving machine 10, a ditching driving machine 12, a ditching driver 13, a ditcher 17 and a shielding plate 23, wherein the main driving machine 2 is positioned at the upper part of the main operation cabin 1, the main driving machine 2 is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin 1, the main driving shaft 3 is positioned at one side inside the main operation cabin 1, the main driving shaft 3 is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin 1, two smashing device drivers 4 are further arranged on the main driving shaft 3, the two smashing device drivers 4 are respectively positioned at two sides of the main operation cabin 1, one end of any smashing device driver 4 is fixedly connected with the main driving shaft 3, the other end of the smashing device driver 4 is fixedly connected with the smashing device 5, the smashing device 5 is positioned inside the main operation cabin 1, and is positioned at one side of the main transmission shaft 3, the crushing device 5 is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin 1, the dipping roller 6 is positioned at the lower part of the crushing device 5, the dipping roller 6 is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin 1, the fan 7 is positioned at one side of the crushing device 5, the fan 7 is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin 1, the fan 7 is further provided with a discharge pipe 8 and a spray opening 9, the discharge pipe 8 is positioned at the upper part of the fan 7, the discharge pipe 8 is fixedly connected with the fan 7, the spray opening 9 is positioned at the upper part of the discharge pipe 8, the spray opening 9 is rotatably connected with the discharge pipe 8, the ditching driver 10 is positioned at the upper part of the main operation cabin 1, the ditching driver 10 is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin 1, the ditching driver 10 is further provided with an auxiliary rotation transmission shaft 11, the auxiliary rotation transmission shaft 11 is positioned at one side of the ditching driver 10, one end of the rotation-assisting transmission shaft 11 is fixedly connected with the ditching driver 10, the other end of the rotation-assisting transmission shaft 11 is fixedly connected with the main transmission shaft 3, the ditching driver 12 is positioned at one side of the ditching driver 10, the ditching driver 12 is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin 1, the ditching driver 13 is positioned at one side of the ditching driver 12, the ditching driver 13 is fixedly connected with the ditching driver 12, a connecting arm 15 is further arranged on the ditching driver 13, the connecting arm 15 is positioned at one side of the ditching driver 13, the connecting arm 15 is fixedly connected with the ditching driver 13, a telescopic device 16 is further arranged on the connecting arm 15, the telescopic device 16 is positioned at one side of the connecting arm 15, one end of the telescopic device 16 is fixedly connected with the connecting arm 15, and the other end of the telescopic device 16 is fixedly connected with the ditching driver 13, the furrow opener 17 is positioned at the other side of the furrow opener driver 13, the furrow opener 17 is fixedly connected with one end of the furrow opener driver 13, the furrow opener 17 consists of a main shaft 18, two furrow opening discs 19 and a plurality of soil loosening knives 22, the main shaft 18 is positioned at the other side of the furrow opener driver 13, one ends of the main shaft 18 and the furrow opener driver 13 are fixedly connected, the two furrow opening discs 19 are parallelly positioned at the two sides of the main shaft 18 according to a certain distance, any furrow opening disc 19 is fixedly connected with the main shaft 18, a plurality of soil breaking knives 20, a plurality of soil planing knives 21, four holes 26 and a plurality of gaps 27 are further arranged on any furrow opening disc 19, any soil breaking knife 20 is positioned at one side of the furrow opening disc 19, the soil breaking knife 20 is fixedly connected with the furrow opening disc 19, any soil planing knife 21 is positioned at the other side of the furrow opening disc 19, and the soil planing knife 21 is fixedly connected with the furrow opening disc 19, the four holes 26 are arranged in the middle of the ditching disc 19 in a cross shape, the four holes 26 are fixedly connected with the ditching disc 19, the notches 27 are equidistantly arranged at the edge of the ditching disc 19, the notches 27 are fixedly connected with the ditching disc 19, every two of the soil loosening knives 22 are arranged between the two ditching discs 19 in a group, any soil loosening knife 22 is fixedly connected with the spindle 18, the shielding plate 23 is arranged between the ditcher 17 and the main operating cabin 1, the shielding plate 23 is fixedly connected with the main operating cabin 1, the main operating cabin 1 is further provided with a ditching transmission machine fixing frame 14, a plurality of shock absorption fixing devices 24 and two traction connecting rods 25, the ditching transmission machine fixing frame 14 is arranged at one side of the main driving machine 2, the ditching transmission machine fixing frame 14 is fixedly connected with the main operating cabin 1, and any shock absorption fixing device 24 is arranged at the outer side of the crushing device 5, the shock absorption fixer 24 is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin 1, the two traction connecting rods 25 are parallelly arranged at the lower part of the ditching transmission machine fixing frame 14, and the two traction connecting rods 25 are fixedly connected with the main operation cabin 1. The main operation cabin 1 is a sealed steel structure cabin body. The crushing device 5 is a straw crusher. The ditching transmission machine fixing frame 14 is a triangular welding steel frame. The connecting arms 15 are double folded connecting arms. The expansion device 16 is an electric hydraulic compressor. The number of the plurality of ground breaking knives 20 is 4, and the ground breaking knives are cast iron hooks. The number of the plurality of soil planing knives 21 is the same as that of the soil breaking knives 20, and the soil planing knives are cast iron hooks with cylindrical connecting arms. Each earth-digging cutter 21 and each earth-breaking cutter 20 are distributed on the side surface of the ditching disc 19 in a staggered manner. The number of the ripping blades 22 is multiple, and the ripping blades are cast iron short hooks. The number of the plurality of shock absorption fixing devices 24 is plural, and the shock absorption fixing devices are all hook type tension springs. The four holes 26 are all circular holes, and any gap 27 is semicircular or arc-shaped.
The working mode is as follows: the equipment mainly comprises a main operation cabin 1, a main driving machine 2, a main transmission shaft 3, a crushing device 5, a dipping roller 6, a fan 7, a ditching driving machine 10, a ditching driving machine 12, a ditching driver 13, a ditcher 17 and a shielding plate 23, and because the equipment is heavy in weight and belongs to a large-scale operation mechanism, two traction connecting rods 25 are arranged on one side of the main operation cabin 1 close to the main transmission shaft 3 and used for fixing with other traction trailers, so that traction operation is facilitated; in addition, the main driving machine 2, the ditching driving machine 10 and the ditching driving machine 12 are connected by an electric control device on the traction machine or the traction trailer, and in the operation process, an operator only needs to operate the electric device on the traction machine or the traction trailer, so that the control of a driving part on the device can be completed.
The whole equipment is divided into two operation structures of straw crushing and spraying and ditch digging; firstly, an operator turns on a switch of a main driving machine 2, the main driving shaft 3 is driven to rotate by the main driving machine 2, the main driving shaft 3 is further provided with two smashing device drivers 4, the two smashing device drivers 4 are respectively positioned at two sides of the main operating cabin 1, one end of each smashing device driver 4 is connected with the main driving shaft 3, the other end of each smashing device driver 4 is connected with a smashing device 5, the smashing device drivers 4 are utilized to drive the smashing devices 5 to rotate, the two smashing device drivers 4 can ensure the transmission continuity, the smashing work is more free, meanwhile, the loss of machine body parts is reduced, when the whole equipment is dragged and dragged, the straw in the field is stained by the staining roller 6 below the main operating cabin 1 and sent into the smashing device 5 above the staining roller 6, the smashing device 5 adopts a straw smashing machine, the straw picking and placing device can effectively crush picked straws, one end of the crushing device 5 is connected with the fan 7, and the crushed straws can be far sprayed out along the spraying port 9 at the upper part of the discharge pipe 8 under the driving of the fan 7; the angle of the spraying opening above the equipment can be adjusted, the angle adjusting range is 20-90 degrees, the adjustment is carried out according to the moisture content of the corn and wheat straws, the moisture content of the corn and wheat straws is generally about 5-80 percent, the higher the moisture content of the straws is, the larger the angle adjusting degree is, otherwise, the lower the moisture content is, the smaller the angle adjusting degree is. The purpose is mainly when the straw water content is lower, make the straw after smashing spill to the fender lid of ditching blade top through the discharge gate on to reduce and prevent the straw to fly upward everywhere, in getting into the ditch after buffering by the fender lid, improve the straw and go into ditch efficiency, the straw collection rate promptly, through this equipment operation debugging, 95% maize, wheat straw can concentrate and get into in the ditch, can follow-up earthing back like this make the straw whole concentrate bury in the ditch.
Then, an operator opens the working switches of the ditching driver 10 and the ditching driver 12, wherein one side of the ditching driver 10 is provided with an auxiliary rotation transmission shaft 11, one end of the auxiliary rotation transmission shaft 11 is connected with the ditching driver 10, and the other end is connected with the main transmission shaft 3, so that the main transmission shaft 3 is driven to rotate at the same time of operation, and further drives the ditching driver 10, and the ditching driver 10 is connected with the ditching driver 12 by using the transmission shaft of the ditching driver 10 to form a linkage mechanism, when one driving device has a problem, the whole operation can be powered by the driving of other driving devices, because the connection distance between the ditching driver 12 and the ditcher 17 at one end of the ditching driver 13 is longer, the vibration and stress point generated during operation are larger, one side of the ditching driver is also provided with a ditching driver fixing frame 14, the ditching transmission machine fixing frame 14 adopts a welding steel frame with a triangular structure, the connection and the fixation of the ditching transmission machine 12 and the main operation cabin 1 are effectively consolidated, the ditching driver 13 is utilized to drive the ditcher 17 to rotate under the driving of the ditching transmission machine 12, the ditching driver 13 is also provided with a connecting arm 15, the connecting arm 15 adopts a double-bending connecting arm and is used for controlling the position of the ditching driver 13 close to one end of the ditcher 17, in addition, the other end of the connecting arm 15 is provided with a telescopic device 16, the telescopic device 16 adopts an electric hydraulic telescopic machine and is used for matching with the double-bending structure of the connecting arm 15, along with the retraction and release of the telescopic device 16, the ditcher 17 can be lifted or contacted with the ground, even the ditching depth can be controlled, and the ditching operation effect is improved; the whole furrow opener 17 adopts a plurality of rows of teeth and consists of a main shaft 18, two furrow opening discs 19 and a plurality of soil loosening blades 22, each furrow opening disc 19 is also provided with four soil breaking blades 20 and soil planing blades 21 with the same number as the soil breaking blades 20, wherein each soil planing blade 21 and each soil breaking blade 20 are distributed on the side surface of the furrow opening disc 19 in a staggered way, when in soil planing, the main shaft 18 rotates to drive the two furrow opening discs 19 to rotate, the soil breaking blades 20 and the soil planing blades 21 are firstly contacted with the soil layer of the field, as the cast iron hooks adopted by the soil breaking blades 20 are directly and fixedly connected with the furrow opening discs 19, the impact force is most applied to the soil breaking, the cast iron hooks with cylindrical connecting arms are adopted by the soil planing blades 21, the width of the furrow is increased, the soil layer after the soil breaking blades 20 break is crushed and driven, the soil on the two sides of the furrow is looser, in addition, the plurality of soil loosening blades 22 are also arranged at the position between the two furrow opening discs 19, each scarifier 22 adopts a cast iron short hook, and as the soil is planed deeply, under the driving of the rotation of the main shaft 18, each scarifier 22 can loosen the soil at the middle position of a ditch, so as to facilitate the digging and planning of the soil breaking cutter 20 and the planer cutter 21 at the two sides, the staggered structure of the long hooks and the short hooks can facilitate the digging and planning of farmland soil, time and labor are saved, the working efficiency is greatly improved, four holes 26 are arranged at the central position of each ditching disc 19, the four holes 26 are distributed in a cross shape, a plurality of gaps 27 are arranged at the edge of the ditching disc 19, the distance between every two gaps 27 is the same, each gap 27 is in a semicircular shape or an arc shape, the holes 26 and the gaps 27 are used for avoiding the blockage caused by the soil accumulated on the ditching disc 19 when the soil is planed, a shielding plate 23 is arranged between the ditcher 17 and the main operation cabin 1, and in the process of digging the ditch, along with the increase of the trench digging force, a large amount of raised dust is generated, and in order to avoid the raised dust from being raised towards the direction of a traction machine or a traction trailer, a shielding plate 23 is additionally arranged to play a role in protection; in addition, a plurality of damping retainers 24 are provided at the outer side of the crushing device 5, and each damping retainer 24 is a hook type tension spring, which can reduce the vibration generated by the crushing device 5 and fix the same when the crushing device 5 is operated, so that the whole equipment can operate more stably and freely. This equipment structure is simple, convenient operation, labour saving and time saving, wholly adopts ditching and farmland straw to pick up crushing synchronous operation, can spray the kibbling straw in the ditch field that the ditching machine broke ground, realizes that the straw is smashed still field, has saved artifical smashing and has spread and apply, has improved farmland straw greatly and has picked up, smash, spray, the process of ditching, has shortened the activity duration, has improved work efficiency.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", "top", "bottom", "end", etc. indicate the orientation or positional relationship based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
While one embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail, the description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be considered as limiting the scope of the present invention. All the equivalent changes and improvements made according to the application scope of the present invention should still fall within the patent coverage of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a straw is picked up ditching and is returned field machine which characterized in that: the automatic ditching and crushing machine comprises a main operation cabin, a main driving machine, a main driving shaft, a crushing device, a dipping roller, a fan, a ditching driving machine, a ditching driver, a ditcher and a shielding plate, wherein the main driving machine is positioned at the upper part of the main operation cabin, the main driving machine is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the main driving shaft is positioned at one side inside the main operation cabin, the main driving shaft is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the main driving shaft is also provided with two crushing device drivers which are respectively positioned at two sides of the main operation cabin, one end of any crushing device driver is fixedly connected with the main driving shaft, the other end of the crushing device driver is fixedly connected with the crushing device, the crushing device is positioned inside the main operation cabin and positioned at one side of the main driving shaft, and the crushing device is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the soil sticking roller is positioned at the lower part of the crushing device, the soil sticking roller is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the fan is positioned at one side of the crushing device, the fan is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the ditching driver is positioned at the upper part of the main operation cabin, the ditching driver is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the ditching driver is also provided with a rotation-assisting transmission shaft, the rotation-assisting transmission shaft is positioned at one side of the ditching driver, one end of the rotation-assisting transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the ditching driver, the other end of the rotation-assisting transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the main transmission shaft, the ditching driver is positioned at one side of the ditching driver, the ditching driver is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin, the ditching driver is positioned at one side of the ditching driver, the ditching driver is fixedly connected with the ditching driver, and the ditcher is positioned at the other side of the ditching driver, the ditching device is fixedly connected with one end of the ditching driver, the shielding plate is positioned between the ditching device and the main operation cabin, and the shielding plate is fixedly connected with the main operation cabin.
2. The straw pick-up ditching and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the main operation cabin is a sealed steel structure cabin body, and the crushing device is a straw crusher.
3. The straw pick-up ditching and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: still be equipped with delivery pipe and nozzle on the fan, the delivery pipe is located the upper portion of fan, delivery pipe and fan are fixed connection, the nozzle is located the upper portion of delivery pipe, nozzle and delivery pipe are connected for rotating.
4. The straw pick-up ditching and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the ditching driver is characterized in that a connecting arm is further arranged on the ditching driver, the connecting arm is located on one side of the ditching driver, the connecting arm is fixedly connected with the ditching driver, and the connecting arm is a double-folded connecting arm.
5. The straw pick-up, ditching and returning machine as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the ditching device is characterized in that a telescopic device is further arranged on the connecting arm and located on one side of the connecting arm, one end of the telescopic device is fixedly connected with the connecting arm, the other end of the telescopic device is fixedly connected with the ditching driver, and the telescopic device is an electric hydraulic telescopic machine.
6. The straw pick-up ditching and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the furrow opener is composed of a main shaft, two furrow opening discs and a plurality of soil loosening knives, wherein the main shaft is positioned at the other side of the furrow opening driver, one end of the main shaft is fixedly connected with one end of the furrow opening driver, the two furrow opening discs are positioned at the two sides of the main shaft in parallel according to a certain distance, any furrow opening disc is fixedly connected with the main shaft, a plurality of soil breaking knives, a plurality of soil planing knives, four holes and a plurality of gaps are also arranged on any furrow opening disc, any soil breaking knife is positioned at one side of the furrow opening disc, the soil breaking knives are fixedly connected with the furrow opening discs, any soil planing knife is positioned at the other side of the furrow opening disc, the soil planing knives are fixedly connected with the furrow opening discs, the four holes are arranged at the middle parts of the furrow opening discs according to a cross shape, the four holes are fixedly connected with the furrow opening discs, the gaps are equidistantly positioned at the edges of the furrow opening discs, and the gaps are, the four holes are circular holes, the notches are arbitrary and are semicircular or arc-shaped, every two soil loosening blades are arranged between the two ditching disks in a group, and the soil loosening blades are arbitrarily fixedly connected with the main shaft.
7. The straw pick-up, ditching and returning machine as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the quantity of the plurality of soil breaking knives is 4, the soil breaking knives are all cast iron hooks, and the quantity of the plurality of soil planing knives is the same as that of the soil breaking knives and the cast iron hooks with cylindrical connecting arms.
8. The straw pick-up, ditching and returning machine as claimed in claim 6, wherein: each soil planing cutter and each soil breaking cutter are distributed on the side face of the ditching disc in a staggered mode.
9. The straw pick-up, ditching and returning machine as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the number of the scarification knives is multiple, and the scarification knives are cast iron short hooks.
10. The straw pick-up ditching and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: still be equipped with ditching transmission machine mount, a plurality of damping mount and two on the main operating compartment and pull the connecting rod, ditching transmission machine mount is located one side of main driving machine, ditching transmission machine mount is fixed connection with the main operating compartment, arbitrary the damping mount is located reducing mechanism's the outside, the damping mount is fixed connection with the main operating compartment, two pull the lower part that the connecting rod parallel arrangement is ditching transmission machine mount, two pull the connecting rod all be fixed connection with the main operating compartment, ditching transmission machine mount is the triangle-welded steelframe, a plurality of damping mount's quantity is a plurality of to be the hook formula extension spring.
CN201922189289.7U 2019-12-07 2019-12-07 Straw picking, ditching and returning machine Active CN211152651U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922189289.7U CN211152651U (en) 2019-12-07 2019-12-07 Straw picking, ditching and returning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922189289.7U CN211152651U (en) 2019-12-07 2019-12-07 Straw picking, ditching and returning machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211152651U true CN211152651U (en) 2020-08-04

Family

ID=71816045

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922189289.7U Active CN211152651U (en) 2019-12-07 2019-12-07 Straw picking, ditching and returning machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211152651U (en)

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