CN207063985U - Open-type full-face rock ripper support system - Google Patents

Open-type full-face rock ripper support system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207063985U
CN207063985U CN201720945464.9U CN201720945464U CN207063985U CN 207063985 U CN207063985 U CN 207063985U CN 201720945464 U CN201720945464 U CN 201720945464U CN 207063985 U CN207063985 U CN 207063985U
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China
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shield
open
reinforcing bar
steel arch
shelf
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CN201720945464.9U
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陈馈
孙振川
杨延栋
李凤远
张兵
韩伟锋
李星
赵海雷
袁鹏飞
王杜娟
杨露伟
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State Key Laboratory of Shield Machine and Boring Technology
China Railway Tunnel Group Co Ltd CRTG
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State Key Laboratory of Shield Machine and Boring Technology
China Railway Tunnel Group Co Ltd CRTG
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Priority to CN201720945464.9U priority Critical patent/CN207063985U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of Open-type full-face rock ripper support system, the system includes reinforcing bar row's storage mounting assembly, steel arch-shelf erector, jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot, reinforcing bar row's storage mounting assembly is arranged on the shield of development machine top, steel arch-shelf erector includes support frame and steel arch-shelf catching robot, and jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot are separately positioned on the girder on rear side of the shield of development machine top.The utility model can realize being used in combination for some support method, enhance the adaptability of Open TBM reply poor strata;Reinforcing bar row and the seamless connection supporting between shield can be achieved, avoid country rock from dropping the damage to equipment and the injures and deaths of personnel;Reinforcing bar row installation and the synchronous construction of anchor pole in Open TBM tunneling process can be realized, improves the drivage efficiency of Open TBM.

Description

Open-type full-face rock ripper support system
Technical field
It the utility model is related to tunneling equipment technical field, and in particular to a kind of Open-type full-face rock ripper Use support system.
Background technology
Full face rock tunnel boring machine (TBM) is to integrate machinery, electric, hydraulic pressure, control, e measurement technology, achievable Rapid Excavation, muck removal and the advanced engineering machinery of supporting in tunnel.Relatively conventional drill+blast tunnel construction, TBM methods have peace Entirely, reliably, efficiently, it is environmentally friendly the features such as, with being continuously increased for domestic mountain ridge tunnel engineering, TBM is widely used to sandhog In the fields such as journey, diversion works, colliery engineering.Full face rock tunnel boring machine mainly include Open TBM, double-shielded TBM and The types such as single shield TBM, Open TBM have obtained widest concern with making because its geological adaptability is strong, cost is relatively low With.However, Open TBM support capacity is insufficient, the driving speed of Open TBM is seriously constrained.
Traditional Open TBM support form is single, support system imperfection, needs to spend greatly for breaking surrounding rock location The time of amount carries out supporting;And supporting is not in time, the very first time that shield can not be spilt in country rock carries out supporting, is easily caused equipment Damage and personnel injures and deaths.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model be to provide it is a kind of be applied to Open TBM, collect some support mode in The Open-type full-face rock ripper support system of one.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme that:
Design a kind of Open-type full-face rock ripper support system, including reinforcing bar row's storage mounting assembly, steel arch Frame erector, jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot;
The reinforcing bar row storage mounting assembly is arranged on the shield of development machine top, is included at the top of the shield of development machine top successively The cross section for arranging and fixing isThe dividing plate of shape, the cavity formed between adjacent two dividing plates are reinforcing bar row's storage Chamber, shield reinforcing bar row is in advance in the storage chamber;
The steel arch-shelf erector includes support frame and steel arch-shelf catching robot, and support frame as described above is slidably mounted on top shield On driving main beam below shield, the steel arch-shelf catching robot is arranged on support frame as described above;
The jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot are separately positioned on the girder on rear side of the shield of development machine top On.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, TBM is pushed up sets reinforcing bar to arrange storage chamber on shield by dividing plate, and reinforcing bar row is mounted in shield in advance In reinforcing bar row's storage chamber, with the increase of TBM driving distances, the reinforcing bar row in storage chamber is drawn out automatically, supporting breaking surrounding rock.
Preferably, support frame as described above is sleeved on girder around the outer peripheral face of driving main beam, on the outer peripheral face of girder Provided with multiple dragging tracks, the corresponding position on support frame as described above is provided with sliding block, and the sliding block slides rail installed in described In road, support frame is driven to be moved reciprocatingly on girder along the dragging track by cross cylinder.
Preferably, the dragging track is four groups, is symmetricly set on two-by-two on the outer peripheral face of driving main beam.
Preferably, the steel arch-shelf manipulator includes grabbing assembly and telescopic oil cylinder, and the grabbing assembly passes through flexible oil Cylinder is arranged on support frame as described above.
Preferably, the steel arch-shelf catching robot is 4-8, is equally distributed on the outer peripheral face of support frame as described above.
The support frame of steel arch-shelf erector, by dragging track, moves horizontally in the presence of cross cylinder along TBM girders, Motion of the steel arch-shelf along tunnel axis direction can be achieved;Steel arch can be achieved in steel arch-shelf catching robot in the presence of telescopic oil cylinder The motion along tunnel radial direction of frame, it can preferably complete the installation of steel arch-shelf.
Preferably, the jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot share a set of translation slew gear, described Translation slew gear includes ring rotation support, walking beam and linear oil cylinder, and the ring rotation support is arranged on driving owner The periphery of beam, the ring rotation support are installed togather with the walking beam, and the linear oil cylinder drives the walking Beam and ring rotation support move reciprocatingly along driving main beam, the jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot It is separately mounted on the ring rotation support.
Linear oil cylinder driving walking beam does the reciprocating motion in horizontal direction along driving main beam, and walking beam drives annular rotation Turn support to be synchronized with the movement, ring rotation support can move in a circle along driving main beam, be easy to jumbolter, advanced rig with facing When shotcrete robot each position in tunnel constructed.Jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot share one Set revolution and translation mechanism, simplify mechanical structure, reduce manufacture maintenance cost.
Preferably, the dividing plate is wear-resisting steel plate, and its lower surface is weldingly fixed on the shield of development machine top, adjacent dividing plate Between be welded and fixed together.
The method that supporting is carried out using above-mentioned support system, is comprised the following steps:
(1) advanced rig finds the broken formation in driving front by Advance Drilling, using advanced rig in tunnel top Injected hole is beaten, advance reinforcement is carried out to country rock by slip casting;
(2) jumbolter selects appropriate position radially to squeeze into anchor pole along tunnel, and steel arch-shelf erector is squeezing into anchor pole Steel arch-shelf is enclosed in section part installation one, a ring is connected by screw bolts between four Pin steel arch-shelfs, and steel arch-shelf and each anchor pole are welded It is connected together, fixed steel arch-shelf;
(3) end that the pre- reinforcing bar in shield reinforcing bar row's storage chamber is arranged is welded on steel arch-shelf 16 successively, with The increase of TBM driving distances, the reinforcing bar row that shield reinforcing bar is arranged in storage chamber are drawn out automatically, supporting breaking surrounding rock, it is ensured that reinforcing bar Seamless connection supporting between row and TBM shields;
(4) the country rock gunite concrete for having formed preliminary supporting is reinforced using interim slip casting manipulator.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The utility model is applied to Open TBM, collection reinforcing bar row's storage installation, steel arch-shelf installation, advance reinforcement and anchor pole Reinforce, some support function such as whitewashing in one, can be achieved reinforcing bar row and the seamless connection supporting between shield, be enclosed broken temporarily Rock location can realize the support system of safely and fast firm wall, avoid country rock from dropping the damage to equipment and the injures and deaths of personnel.
The utility model integrates some support mode, and some support method can be achieved and be used in combination, enhance open Formula TBM tackles the adaptability of poor strata;Multiple equipment shares a set of revolution and translation mechanism, simplifies mechanical structure, reduces Manufacture maintenance cost;Reinforcing bar row installation and the synchronous construction of anchor pole in Open TBM tunneling process are realized, improves open type TBM drivage efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model Open-type full-face rock ripper support system;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation for pushing up reinforcing bar row storage chamber on shield;
Fig. 3 is A portions enlarged drawing in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of steel arch-shelf erector;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of steel arch-shelf catching robot;
Fig. 6 is reinforcing bar row and steel arch-shelf installation process schematic diagram;
Label in figure:1 is that reinforcing bar arranges storage chamber, and 2 be steel arch-shelf erector, and 3 be jumbolter, and 4 be translation slew gear, 5 be advanced rig, and 6 be interim shotcrete robot, and 7 be dividing plate, and 8 be top shield, and 9 be that reinforcing bar is arranged, and 10 be driving main beam, and 11 are Grabbing assembly, 12 be telescopic oil cylinder, and 13 be dragging track, and 14 be support frame, and 15 be anchor pole, and 16 be steel arch-shelf, and 17 be development machine Cutterhead.
Embodiment
Illustrate specific embodiment of the present utility model with reference to embodiment, but following examples are used only in detail Illustrate the utility model, do not limit the scope of the utility model in any way.Involved equipment in the examples below Element is conventional equipment element unless otherwise instructed;The involved raw material of industry is commercially available conventional work unless otherwise instructed Industry raw material.
Embodiment 1:A kind of Open-type full-face rock ripper support system, referring to Fig. 1, including reinforcing bar row's storage peace Arrangement, steel arch-shelf erector 2, jumbolter 3, advanced rig 5 and interim shotcrete robot 6.
Reinforcing bar row's storage mounting assembly is arranged on development machine top shield 8, referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, is included in development machine top shield The top of shield 8 is arranged in order and fixed cross section isThe dividing plate 7 of shape, the cavity formed between adjacent two dividing plates are Reinforcing bar arranges storage chamber 1, and shield reinforcing bar row 9 is in advance in the storage chamber, and dividing plate 7 is wear-resisting steel plate, and its lower surface is weldingly fixed on On development machine top shield 8, it is welded and fixed together between adjacent dividing plate.
Steel arch-shelf erector 2 includes support frame 14 and steel arch-shelf catching robot, and referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 5, support frame 14 slides On the driving main beam 10 of the lower section of top shield 8, steel arch-shelf catching robot is arranged on support frame 14.Support frame 14 encloses Outer peripheral face around driving main beam 10 is sleeved on girder, and multiple dragging tracks 13 are provided with the outer peripheral face of girder, are being supported Corresponding position on frame 14 is provided with sliding block, and sliding block is arranged in dragging track 13, drives support frame 14 to exist by cross cylinder Moved reciprocatingly on girder along dragging track 13.Dragging track is four groups, is symmetricly set on the periphery of driving main beam 10 two-by-two On face.Steel arch-shelf manipulator includes grabbing assembly 11 and telescopic oil cylinder 12, and grabbing assembly 11 is arranged on branch by telescopic oil cylinder 12 On support 14, steel arch-shelf catching robot can set varying number as the case may be, and 6 groups are provided with the present embodiment, etc. Away from being distributed on the outer peripheral face of support frame 14.
Jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot are separately positioned on the girder on rear side of the shield of development machine top, And a set of translation slew gear 2 is shared, translation slew gear 2 includes ring rotation support, walking beam and linear oil cylinder, annular rotation Turn the periphery that support is arranged on driving main beam, ring rotation support is installed togather with walking beam, and linear oil cylinder drives Walking beam and ring rotation support move reciprocatingly along driving main beam, jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot It is separately mounted on ring rotation support.
The method that supporting is carried out using support system in embodiment 1, is comprised the following steps:
(1) advanced rig finds the broken formation in driving front by Advance Drilling, using advanced rig in tunnel top Injected hole is beaten, advance reinforcement is carried out to country rock by slip casting;
(2) jumbolter selects appropriate position radially to squeeze into anchor pole along tunnel, and steel arch-shelf erector is squeezing into anchor pole Steel arch-shelf is enclosed in section part installation one, a ring is connected by screw bolts between four Pin steel arch-shelfs, and steel arch-shelf and each anchor pole are welded It is connected together, fixed steel arch-shelf;
(3) end that the pre- reinforcing bar in shield reinforcing bar row's storage chamber is arranged is welded on steel arch-shelf 16 successively, with The increase of TBM driving distances, the reinforcing bar row that shield reinforcing bar is arranged in storage chamber are drawn out automatically, supporting breaking surrounding rock, it is ensured that reinforcing bar Seamless connection supporting between row and TBM shields;
(4) the country rock gunite concrete for having formed preliminary supporting is reinforced using interim slip casting manipulator.
The utility model Open-type full-face rock ripper support system, integrates some support mode, can be real Existing some support method is used in combination, and enhances the adaptability of Open TBM reply poor strata;Reinforcing bar row and shield can be achieved Seamless connection supporting between shield, country rock is avoided to drop the damage to equipment and the injures and deaths of personnel;Multiple equipment shares a set of revolution With translation mechanism, mechanical structure is simplified, reduces manufacture maintenance cost;Realize reinforcing bar row peace in Open TBM tunneling process The synchronous construction of dress and anchor pole, improve the drivage efficiency of Open TBM.
The utility model is described in detail above in conjunction with embodiment, still, person of ordinary skill in the field It is understood that on the premise of the utility model aims are not departed from, each design parameter in above-described embodiment can also be entered Row change, forms multiple specific embodiments, is common excursion of the present utility model, is no longer described in detail one by one herein.

Claims (7)

  1. A kind of 1. Open-type full-face rock ripper support system, it is characterised in that including reinforcing bar arrange storage mounting assembly, Steel arch-shelf erector, jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot;
    The reinforcing bar row storage mounting assembly is arranged on the shield of development machine top, is included at the top of the shield of development machine top and is arranged in order And fixed cross section isThe dividing plate of shape, the cavity formed between adjacent two dividing plates arrange storage chamber, shield for reinforcing bar Shield reinforcing bar row is in advance in the storage chamber;
    The steel arch-shelf erector includes support frame and steel arch-shelf catching robot, and support frame as described above is slidably mounted under the shield of top On the driving main beam of side, the steel arch-shelf catching robot is arranged on support frame as described above;
    The jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot are separately positioned on the girder on rear side of the shield of development machine top.
  2. 2. Open-type full-face rock ripper support system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the support Frame is sleeved on girder around the outer peripheral face of driving main beam, multiple dragging tracks is provided with the outer peripheral face of girder, described Corresponding position on support frame is provided with sliding block, and the sliding block is arranged in the dragging track, and branch is driven by cross cylinder Support moves reciprocatingly on girder along the dragging track.
  3. 3. Open-type full-face rock ripper support system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described to slide Track is four groups, is symmetricly set on two-by-two on the outer peripheral face of driving main beam.
  4. 4. Open-type full-face rock ripper support system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the steel arch Frame manipulator includes grabbing assembly and telescopic oil cylinder, and the grabbing assembly is arranged on support frame as described above by telescopic oil cylinder.
  5. 5. Open-type full-face rock ripper support system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the steel arch Frame catching robot is 4-8 groups, is equally distributed on the outer peripheral face of support frame as described above.
  6. 6. Open-type full-face rock ripper support system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the anchor pole Rig, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot share a set of translation slew gear, and the translation slew gear includes annular and revolved Turn support, walking beam and linear oil cylinder, the ring rotation support is arranged on the periphery of driving main beam, the ring rotation branch Frame is installed togather with the walking beam, and the linear oil cylinder drives the walking beam and ring rotation support along development machine Girder moves reciprocatingly, and the jumbolter, advanced rig and interim shotcrete robot are separately mounted to the ring rotation branch On frame.
  7. 7. Open-type full-face rock ripper support system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the dividing plate For wear-resisting steel plate, its lower surface is weldingly fixed on the shield of development machine top, is welded and fixed together between adjacent dividing plate.
CN201720945464.9U 2017-07-31 2017-07-31 Open-type full-face rock ripper support system Active CN207063985U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107288648A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-24 盾构及掘进技术国家重点实验室 Open-type full-face rock ripper support system and method for protecting support
CN110374621A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-10-25 江苏神盾工程机械有限公司 A kind of hard rock TBM multifunctional top shield
CN111636888A (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-09-08 沈阳天安特种机器人有限公司 Full-section shield device for roadway excavation
CN112065422A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-12-11 广东水电二局股份有限公司 Open type TBM collapse prevention supporting equipment for equipment
CN114320325A (en) * 2021-12-24 2022-04-12 北方重工集团有限公司 Crawler walking open type TBM applied to coal mine rock roadway construction

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107288648A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-24 盾构及掘进技术国家重点实验室 Open-type full-face rock ripper support system and method for protecting support
CN107288648B (en) * 2017-07-31 2023-06-20 盾构及掘进技术国家重点实验室 Supporting system and supporting method for open type full face rock tunneling machine
CN110374621A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-10-25 江苏神盾工程机械有限公司 A kind of hard rock TBM multifunctional top shield
CN110374621B (en) * 2019-08-05 2024-03-12 江苏神盾工程机械有限公司 Hard rock TBM multifunctional top shield
CN112065422A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-12-11 广东水电二局股份有限公司 Open type TBM collapse prevention supporting equipment for equipment
CN111636888A (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-09-08 沈阳天安特种机器人有限公司 Full-section shield device for roadway excavation
CN111636888B (en) * 2020-06-09 2022-02-11 沈阳天安特种机器人有限公司 Full-section shield device for roadway excavation
CN114320325A (en) * 2021-12-24 2022-04-12 北方重工集团有限公司 Crawler walking open type TBM applied to coal mine rock roadway construction

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CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: No. 99, Kexue Avenue, national high tech Industrial Development Zone, Zhengzhou, Henan Province

Patentee after: STATE KEY LABORATORY OF SHIELD MACHINE AND BORING TECHNOLOGY

Patentee after: CHINA RAILWAY TUNNEL GROUP Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No. 99, Kexue Avenue, national high tech Industrial Development Zone, Zhengzhou, Henan Province

Patentee before: STATE KEY LABORATORY OF SHIELD MACHINE AND BORING TECHNOLOGY

Patentee before: CHINA RAILWAY TUNNELS GROUP Co.,Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder