CN206580778U - A kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant - Google Patents

A kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206580778U
CN206580778U CN201720118972.XU CN201720118972U CN206580778U CN 206580778 U CN206580778 U CN 206580778U CN 201720118972 U CN201720118972 U CN 201720118972U CN 206580778 U CN206580778 U CN 206580778U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cotton stalk
carbonizing
chamber
carbonizing chamber
discharge bucket
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720118972.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁鹏举
姜建辉
汪河滨
穆金城
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Tarim University
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Tarim University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant, including pulverizer, cyclone separator, dryer, carbonizing chamber, filter chamber and fuel gas reclaiming clean device;Carbonizing chamber front end side wall top is provided with shower nozzle, and spoiler is provided between carbonizing chamber and filter chamber;Carbonizing chamber bottom is provided with distribution pipe, and distribution pipe is connected with carbonizing chamber by airduct, is provided between distribution pipe and fuel gas reclaiming clean device in the 3rd blower fan, airduct and is provided with heater;Carbonizing chamber rear end and drawing mechanism is provided with immediately below the filter chamber.Pulverizer is broken by cotton stalk powder, after separation, is dried, spray into carbonizing chamber, cotton stalk is carbonized in carbonizing chamber, from drawing mechanism discharge, the gaseous matter of generation, Recovery Purifying is carried out by combustion gas reclaiming purifying device after being filtered through filter chamber, fuel gas is passed into airduct, is lighted by heater, is used as the thermal source in carbonisation, the oxygen mixed in the cotton stalk after crushing is consumed simultaneously, improves carbonization quality.

Description

A kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant
Technical field
The utility model is related to cotton stalk processing technique field, more particularly to a kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant.
Background technology
China is a Ge Chan cottons big country, and annual more than 6,000 ten thousand mu of plant cotton, whole year can produce more than 1,500 ten thousand tons of cotton stalk;Cotton stalk Main methods be to burn, environment is not only polluted in burning, and causes the serious waste of cotton stalk resource, and China leads in recent years Autonomous innovation, import, digestion and absorption are crossed, certain breakthrough are obtained to the comprehensive utilization technique of cotton stalk, cotton stalk is by past burning Reason, is extended to the purposes such as fertilizer, feed, edible mushroom base-material, the raw material of industry and fuel;Developed into by past traditional agriculture field existing Foundry industry, energy field.Cotton stalk is used as a kind of important biomass energy, 2 tons of alternative 1 ton of standards of cotton stalk recovery energy calorific value Coal, promotes cotton stalk recovery energy, is effectively reduced primary energy consumption.Cotton stalk recovery energy technology mainly includes cotton stalk natural pond The sides such as gas (biogasification), cotton stalk solid shaping fuel, cotton stalk pyrolytic gasification, direct combustion power generation and the destructive distillation of cotton stalk, charing and activation Formula.
Charing mode is broadly divided into two kinds in current domestic production charcoal technique:Earth kiln charing, pyrolytic process.Earth kiln It is adapted to the place away from residential block, its construction material is exactly common fragment of brick, yellow mud, sand and a small amount of Nacl, construction cost It is low.Because its unique heat-insulating property is adapted to the machine-made carbon of firing high temperature, sintering procedure not power consumption, without fuel, is led to completely Cross barred body spontaneous combustion and produce the charing of shield heat away oxygen.But earth kiln is there is also shortcomings, such as charing cycle is long, generally 15~20 My god;Cooling is slow, cooling of generally also watering, and influences the quality of charcoal;There is no tar-removing device, flue gas is polluted to surrounding environment Deng.Pyrolytic process is charcoal most fast, yield highest, a kind of efficient, cleaning dry distillation charring process without smog.Pyrolysis Principle is that firewood rod is mounted in closed pyrolysis oven, is pyrolyzed by heating, and a series ofization can occur for this process adjacency firewood rod Change is learned, so there is the generation of the materials such as moisture, carbon monoxide, methane, the final products obtained after being cooled down by cooling furnace are organic Charcoal processed, wood tar, pyrolkigneous liquid, imflammable gas.Part fuel gas is supplied to pyrolysis oven through pipeline again and does fuel, and also being available for should Product drying heating.
The content of the invention
To solve above technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant, can be carried out continuously cotton stalk carbon Change, and make full use of the materials such as the carbon monoxide produced in carbonisation, methane.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following scheme:
The utility model provides a kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant, including set gradually pulverizer, cyclone separator, drying Machine, carbonizing chamber, filter chamber and fuel gas reclaiming clean device;The carbonizing chamber front end side wall top is provided with shower nozzle, described Spoiler is provided between carbonizing chamber and filter chamber;The carbonizing chamber bottom is provided with distribution pipe, the distribution pipe and the carbon Change room to connect by airduct, the 3rd blower fan is provided between the distribution pipe and the fuel gas reclaiming clean device, it is described Heater is provided with airduct;The carbonizing chamber rear end and drawing mechanism is provided with immediately below the filter chamber.
Optionally, the first blower fan is provided between the cyclone separator and the dryer.
Optionally, the second blower fan is provided between the dryer and the carbonizing chamber.
Optionally, the airduct is multiple.
Optionally, the fuel gas reclaiming clean device include set gradually tar separator, cooling separator and Neutralize clarifier.
Optionally, cotton stalk drying to water content is less than 5% by the dryer.
Optionally, the drawing mechanism includes the first discharge bucket and the second discharge bucket, and first discharge bucket is located at described Directly over second discharge bucket, water cooling plant is additionally provided with below second discharge bucket.
Optionally, first discharge bucket and second discharge bucket include a weighing device respectively.
The utility model achieves following technique effect relative to prior art:
The utility model cotton stalk carbonizing plant primary structure include set gradually pulverizer, cyclone separator, dryer, Carbonizing chamber, filter chamber and fuel gas reclaiming clean device.Pulverizer is broken by cotton stalk powder, is separated through cyclone separator, removes cotton Stalk skin, then the cotton stalk after crushing is dried, carbonizing chamber is sprayed into by shower nozzle, the cotton stalk after crushing is in carbonizing chamber by carbon Change, from drawing mechanism discharge, the gaseous matter produced in carbonisation, by combustion gas reclaiming purifying device after being filtered through filter chamber Recovery Purifying is carried out, tar therein is recovered, and fuel gas is passed into airduct, is lighted by the heater in airduct, made For the thermal source in carbonisation, while consuming the oxygen mixed in the cotton stalk after crushing, carbonization quality is improved.
Brief description of the drawings
, below will be to embodiment in order to illustrate more clearly of the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art In required for the accompanying drawing that uses be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only of the present utility model Some embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without having to pay creative labor, can also basis These accompanying drawings obtain other accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model cotton stalk carbonizing plant.
Description of reference numerals:1st, pulverizer;2nd, cyclone separator;3rd, the second blower fan;4th, shower nozzle;5th, carbonizing chamber;6th, filter Room;7th, fuel gas reclaiming clean device;8th, spoiler;9th, the first discharge bucket;10th, the second discharge bucket;11st, water cooling plant;12、 3rd blower fan;13rd, distribution pipe;14th, airduct;15th, dryer;16th, the first blower fan.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is carried out Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not under the premise of creative work is made The every other embodiment obtained, belongs to the scope of the utility model protection.
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant, to realize the continuous carbonization of cotton stalk, and fully profit With the organic gas produced in carbonisation.
Based on this, the cotton stalk carbonizing plant that the utility model is provided, it includes pulverizer, the cyclonic separation set gradually Device, dryer, carbonizing chamber, filter chamber and fuel gas reclaiming clean device;The carbonizing chamber front end side wall top is provided with spray Head, spoiler is provided between the carbonizing chamber and filter chamber;The carbonizing chamber bottom is provided with distribution pipe, the distribution pipe with The carbonizing chamber is connected by airduct, and the 3rd wind is provided between the distribution pipe and the fuel gas reclaiming clean device Heater is provided with machine, the airduct;The carbonizing chamber rear end and discharging dress is provided with immediately below the filter chamber Put.
The utility model is pre-processed using pulverizer, cyclone separator and dryer to cotton stalk, by shower nozzle by cotton Stalk chip sprays into carbonizing chamber and is carbonized, and the organic gas produced in carbonisation is purified back by fuel gas reclaiming clean device Receive, fuel gas therein is passed into airduct and lighted, to support the high temperature in carbonizing chamber, realizes the continuous carbonization of cotton stalk, and Make full use of the organic gas produced in carbonisation.
To enable above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model, feature and advantage more obvious understandable, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and tool The present invention is further detailed explanation for body embodiment.
Embodiment one:
As shown in figure 1, the present embodiment provides a kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant, including set gradually pulverizer 1, cyclonic separation Device 2, dryer 15, carbonizing chamber 5, filter chamber 6 and fuel gas reclaiming clean device 7;The front end side wall top of carbonizing chamber 5 is set Shower nozzle 4 is equipped with, spoiler 8 is provided between the carbonizing chamber 5 and filter chamber 6;The bottom of carbonizing chamber 5 is provided with distribution pipe 13, the distribution pipe 13 is connected with the carbonizing chamber 5 by airduct 14, the distribution pipe 13 and the fuel gas reclaiming clean It is provided between device 7 in the 3rd blower fan 12, the airduct 14 and is provided with heater;The rear end of carbonizing chamber 5 and positioned at institute State and be provided with drawing mechanism immediately below filter chamber 6.
In this specific embodiment, the first blower fan 16 is provided between the cyclone separator 2 and the dryer, is used for The cotton stalk chip that the bottom of cyclone separator 2 is isolated sends into dryer 15, water content after cotton stalk chip drying machine 15 is dried Carbonizing chamber sent into by shower nozzle 4 less than 5%, then by the second blower fan 3 for being arranged between the dryer 15 and the carbonizing chamber 5 5, the shower nozzle 4 sprays cotton stalk chip with sector along level, makes cotton stalk chip fully dispersed, is easy to fully be heated, improves Be carbonized efficiency;The airduct 14 is 4, is distributed along the bottom even of carbonizing chamber 5;The fuel gas reclaiming clean device 7 Including the tar separator set gradually, cooling separator and neutralization clarifier, for the gas produced in carbonisation to be entered Tar in row Recovery Purifying, gas is liquefied, and is reclaimed, and other fuel gas are passed into airduct 14, by airduct 14 Heater is lighted, and heat is provided for carbonization, while consuming the oxygen in carbonizing chamber 5, improves the quality of cotton stalk carbonization;It is described go out Expect device include the first discharge bucket 9 and the second discharge bucket 10, first discharge bucket 9 be located at second discharge bucket 10 just on Side, the lower section of the second discharge bucket 10 is additionally provided with water cooling plant 11;10 points of first discharge bucket 9 and second discharge bucket Not Bao Kuo a weighing device, complete carbonization cotton stalk chip drop on the first discharge bucket 9, reach certain mass when, first Discharge bucket 9 is opened, and the cotton stalk chip for completing carbonization is dropped on the second discharge bucket 10, and the first discharge bucket 9 is closed, the second discharge bucket When the cotton stalk chip of completion carbonization on 10 reaches certain mass, the second discharge bucket 10 is opened, and completes the cotton stalk chip warp of carbonization Water cooling plant 11 is discharged in following process equipment or collection device after cooling down.First discharge bucket 9 and the second discharge bucket 10 are different When open, both ensure that the discharge of the cotton stalk after carbonization, can guarantee that metastable environment in carbonizing chamber 5 again, reduced carbonizing chamber 5 In amount of oxygen, the temperature in stable carbonizing chamber 5.
Apply specific case in this specification to be set forth principle of the present utility model and embodiment, the above is real The explanation for applying example is only intended to help and understands method of the present utility model and its core concept;Simultaneously for the general of this area Technical staff, according to thought of the present utility model, will change in specific embodiments and applications.To sum up institute State, this specification content should not be construed as to limitation of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant, it is characterised in that including the pulverizer set gradually, cyclone separator, dryer, carbonization Room, filter chamber and fuel gas reclaiming clean device;The carbonizing chamber front end side wall top is provided with shower nozzle, the carbonizing chamber and Spoiler is provided between filter chamber;The carbonizing chamber bottom is provided with distribution pipe, and the distribution pipe passes through with the carbonizing chamber Airduct is connected, and is provided with the 3rd blower fan, the airduct and is set between the distribution pipe and the fuel gas reclaiming clean device It is equipped with heater;The carbonizing chamber rear end and drawing mechanism is provided with immediately below the filter chamber.
2. cotton stalk carbonizing plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cyclone separator and the dryer it Between be provided with the first blower fan.
3. cotton stalk carbonizing plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that set between the dryer and the carbonizing chamber It is equipped with the second blower fan.
4. cotton stalk carbonizing plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the airduct is multiple.
5. cotton stalk carbonizing plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fuel gas reclaiming clean device includes Tar separator, cooling separator and the neutralization clarifier set gradually.
6. cotton stalk carbonizing plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the dryer is by cotton stalk drying to water content Less than 5%.
7. cotton stalk carbonizing plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the drawing mechanism include the first discharge bucket and Second discharge bucket, first discharge bucket is located at directly over second discharge bucket, is additionally provided with below second discharge bucket Water cooling plant.
8. cotton stalk carbonizing plant according to claim 7, it is characterised in that first discharge bucket and second discharging Bucket includes a weighing device respectively.
CN201720118972.XU 2017-01-24 2017-01-24 A kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant Expired - Fee Related CN206580778U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720118972.XU CN206580778U (en) 2017-01-24 2017-01-24 A kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720118972.XU CN206580778U (en) 2017-01-24 2017-01-24 A kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206580778U true CN206580778U (en) 2017-10-24

Family

ID=60090612

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720118972.XU Expired - Fee Related CN206580778U (en) 2017-01-24 2017-01-24 A kind of cotton stalk carbonizing plant

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206580778U (en)

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171024

Termination date: 20180124

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee