CN204939394U - Rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven - Google Patents

Rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204939394U
CN204939394U CN201520618595.7U CN201520618595U CN204939394U CN 204939394 U CN204939394 U CN 204939394U CN 201520618595 U CN201520618595 U CN 201520618595U CN 204939394 U CN204939394 U CN 204939394U
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China
Prior art keywords
pyrolysis
outlet
continuous pyrolysis
rotary type
coke oven
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520618595.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘学军
王志斌
周云峰
陈和平
程永伟
陈正荣
邢涛
陈玉琴
李子昂
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Jiangsu Dingxun Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Dingxun Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520618595.7U priority Critical patent/CN204939394U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel

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  • Coke Industry (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

Rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven, comprise feeding unit, burn heating unit, continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus is provided with in described burning heating unit, continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus head has feeding unit by Flange joint, afterbody has drawing mechanism by Flange joint, drawing mechanism is connected with exhaust gas cleaner, drawing mechanism is provided with driving chain wheel; The utility model is rational in infrastructure, is convenient to mass production, is conducive to improving thermal transition efficiency, energy efficient, reduces environmental pollution, promotes charcoal quality, reduces production cost, increases economic efficiency.

Description

Rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven
Technical field
The utility model relates to the biomass carbonated technical fields such as stalk, particularly relates to a kind of rotary type continuous pyrolysis carbonization furnace.
Background technology
China is large agricultural country, and stalk resource is very abundant, and in the past due to few to the Land use systems of agricultural crop straw, normally stackingly directly to burn in the fields, crop straw burning phenomenon remains incessant after repeated prohibition, contaminate environment, brings serious harm to the physical and mental health of people.Along with the research and development of biomass energy, agricultural crop straw, as excellent biomass energy, can pass through high temperature carbonization, thus realize multiple use.Current straw charring equipment is generally carbonize under allowing stalk be in hot environment, needs a large amount of fuel to provide heat, consumes energy larger; Adopt the cooking stove type closed, need closed coking chamber to carbonize after a charging, after having carbonized, carry out discharging again, cannot continuous firing, the charcoal quality of charing is poor, and the charcoal quality discrepancy of different batches is larger, and in discharging with again in fill process, calorific loss is comparatively large, and thermal transition efficiency is low, can not realize smoke dust discharge, the flammable flue gas that Straw decomposing produces cannot utilize, cause significant wastage, produce secondary pollution environment, running cost is higher.Therefore how those skilled in the art's urgent problem is become to carbonization device improvement.Chinese patent CN201310453207.X discloses one " stalk coke oven ", can realize smoke dust discharge, but the flammable flue gas in carbonization process cannot utilize, and causes significant wastage, and needs to consume the problem that a large amount of fuel provides charing heat, consumes energy larger; Generate charcoal after straw charring, do not have other auxiliary product, during straw charring, be heated uneven, charcoal quality is poor.Chinese patent CN201310453207.X discloses " a kind of from heating straw charring furnace ", utilize the flammable flue gas decomposited in carbonization process to derive to burn, reduce fuel consumption, reduce power loss, after straw charring, generate charcoal, other auxiliary product is not had yet, during straw charring, thermal transition efficiency is low, is heated uneven, charcoal quality is poor, and economic benefit is low.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven, can carbonize by continuous pyrolysis, material produces flammable pyrolysis gas in destructive distillation, pyrolysis, carbonization process, by combustion chamber, the destructive distillation of material itself, pyrolysis, charing are maintained to body of heater indirect heating, charcoal quality can be improved, raising thermal transition efficiency, energy efficient, reduce production cost, reduce environmental pollution, increase economic efficiency.
The utility model is achieved in that rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven, comprise feeding unit, burn heating unit, it is characterized in that: in described burning heating unit, be provided with continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus, continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus head has feeding unit by Flange joint, afterbody has drawing mechanism by Flange joint, drawing mechanism is connected with exhaust gas cleaner, drawing mechanism is provided with driving chain wheel;
Described continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus is made up of body of heater, nitrogen inlet, spiral charging guide plate; Inboard wall of furnace body is provided with spiral charging guide plate;
Described burning heating unit is made up of roasting kiln, pyrolysis tracheae and several valves; Described roasting kiln both sides are respectively arranged with pyrolysis tracheae, pyrolysis tracheae is provided with the arm that several lead to roasting kiln, arm is provided with valve, be provided with heating chamber between roasting kiln and body of heater, and heating chamber is provided with the heating zone of differing temps.
Exhaust gas cleaner described in the utility model is made up of spray column, tornado dust collector, first-stage condenser, secondary condenser, water tank with strainer, total gas-holder, compressor, induced draft fan, finished product gas-holder; Spray column is provided with above described drawing mechanism, spray column outlet is connected with tornado dust collector import, cyclone entrance is connected with first-stage condenser import, first-stage condenser outlet is connected with secondary condenser import, and secondary condenser outlet is connected with water tank with strainer, and induced draft fan import is connected with water tank with strainer, induced draft fan outlet is connected with total gas-holder import, total gas-holder is provided with two outlets, and an outlet is connected with compressor, and compressor outlet is connected with finished product gas-holder; Another outlet is connected with the pyrolysis tracheae of roasting kiln both sides.
Feeding unit described in the utility model is made up of feed mechanism, pusher, inlet connector; Be provided with spiral charging guide plate in described inlet connector hole, inlet connector is horizontally arranged with pusher, is vertically arranged with feed mechanism; Described pusher is provided with hydro-cylinder.
Drawing mechanism described in the utility model is made up of discharging joint and discharging auger; Also spiral charging guide plate is provided with in described discharging nipple orifice.
Spray column described in the utility model is arranged on discharging joint outlet top.
Discharging joint described in the utility model is provided with driving chain wheel.
The utility model is rational in infrastructure, is convenient to mass production, improves charcoal quality, improves thermal transition efficiency, has saved energy consumption, has reduced production cost, decreased environmental pollution, improve economic benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2 is straw charring process flow sheet;
In figure, 1, feeding unit, 1.1, feed mechanism, 1.2, pusher, 1.3 inlet connector, 2, continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus, 2.1, body of heater, 2.2, nitrogen inlet, 3, burn heating unit, 3.1, roasting kiln, 3.2, pyrolysis tracheae, 3.3, valve, 4, drawing mechanism, 4.1, discharging joint, 4.2, discharging auger, 5, exhaust gas cleaner, 5.1, spray column, 5.2, tornado dust collector, 5.3, first-stage condenser, 5.4, secondary condenser, 5.5, water tank with strainer, 5.6, total gas-holder, 5.7, compressor, 5.8, induced draft fan, 5.9, finished product gas-holder, 6, driving chain wheel.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described:
With reference to accompanying drawing, rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven, comprise feeding unit 1, burn heating unit 3, it is characterized in that: in described burning heating unit 3, be provided with continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus 2, continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus 2 head has feeding unit 1 by Flange joint, afterbody has drawing mechanism 4 by Flange joint, drawing mechanism 4 is connected with exhaust gas cleaner 5, drawing mechanism 4 is provided with driving chain wheel 6; Described continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus 2 is made up of body of heater 2.1, nitrogen inlet 2.2, spiral charging guide plate; Body of heater 2.1 inwall is provided with spiral charging guide plate; Described burning heating unit 3 is made up of roasting kiln 3.1, pyrolysis tracheae 3.2 and several valves 3.3; Described roasting kiln 3.1 both sides are respectively arranged with pyrolysis tracheae 3.2, pyrolysis tracheae 3.2 is provided with the arm that several lead to roasting kiln 3.1, arm is provided with valve 3.3, is provided with heating chamber between roasting kiln 3.1 and body of heater 2.1, heating chamber is provided with the heating zone of differing temps.Described exhaust gas cleaner 5 is made up of spray column 5.1, tornado dust collector 5.2, first-stage condenser 5.3, secondary condenser 5.4, water tank with strainer 5.5, total gas-holder 5.6, compressor 5.7, induced draft fan 5.8, finished product gas-holder 5.9; Spray column 5.1 is provided with above described drawing mechanism 4, spray column 5.1 outlet is connected with tornado dust collector 5.2 import, tornado dust collector 5.2 outlet is connected with first-stage condenser 5.3 import, first-stage condenser 5.3 outlet is connected with secondary condenser 5.4 import, secondary condenser 5.4 outlet is connected with water tank with strainer 5.5, induced draft fan 5.8 import is connected with water tank with strainer 5.5, induced draft fan 5.8 outlet is connected with the import of total gas-holder 5.6, total gas-holder 5.6 is provided with two outlets, an outlet is connected with compressor 5.7, and compressor 5.7 outlet is connected with finished product gas-holder 5.9; Another outlet is connected with the pyrolysis tracheae 3.2 of roasting kiln 3.1 both sides.Described feeding unit 1 is made up of feed mechanism 1.1, pusher 1.2, inlet connector 1.3; Be provided with spiral charging guide plate in described inlet connector 1.3 hole, inlet connector 1.3 is horizontally arranged with pusher 1.2, is vertically arranged with feed mechanism 1.1; Described pusher 1.2 is provided with hydro-cylinder.Described drawing mechanism 4 is made up of discharging joint 4.1 and discharging auger 4.2; Also spiral charging guide plate is provided with in described discharging joint 4.2 hole.Described spray column 5.1 is arranged on discharging joint 4.1 and exports top.Described discharging joint 4.1 is provided with driving chain wheel 6.
Technical process of the present utility model is: crushed stalk rear feeding, and produce pyrolysis gas and charcoal after continuous pyrolysis charing, pyrolysis gas and charcoal are after atomizing spray, and charcoal, from discharging auger discharging, regathers packing; Pyrolysis gas after atomizing spray, after cyclone dust removal, carries out one-level cooling and secondary cooling, the wood tar oil produced in refrigerated separation carbonization process and wood vinegar; Cooled pyrolysis gas isolates other impurity contained in pyrolysis gas after filtering, and enter total gas-holder, the pyrolysis gas part in total gas-holder enters roasting kiln, and to body of heater heating, unnecessary pyrolysis gas enters finished product gas-holder after compressor.
During concrete enforcement, the utility model utilizes the farm crop materials such as high-temperature flue gas is dried, carbonization charing stalk; When body of heater rotates, body of heater internal screw charging guide plate makes material ceaselessly seethe in stove, rolls, rotates advance, continuous discharge.Before charring furnace is reinforced, first opens induced draft fan, then inflated with nitrogen is carried out to body of heater, drive the oxygen in stove away, stop quick-fried stove hidden danger.Feed mechanism 1.1 starts feeding, pusher 1.2 is started working, hydro-cylinder push rod promotes stalk and enters body of heater 2.1, ignition combustion stove 3.1 pairs of bodies of heater 2.1 heat, stalk, under anoxybiotic, heating environment, starts pyrolysis gas making, charing, and charring furnace Gas-making is also a smokeless carbonization process simultaneously, not consume fuel, free from environmental pollution, enter discharging auger 4.2 from body of heater afterbody through discharging joint 4.1 after straw-carbonized and go out charcoal, body of heater afterbody discharging joint 4.1 outlet top is provided with spray column 5.1, stop in pyrolysis gas and carry carbon dust secretly, can lower the temperature to charcoal simultaneously, prevent carbon dust from contacting spontaneous combustion with oxygen in air, pyrolysis gas enters spray column 5.1 from body of heater afterbody under the effect of induced draft fan 5.8, tornado dust collector 5.2 are entered after cooling, the micro-carbon dust taken out of with pyrolysis gas enters dust stratification case through tornado dust collector, pyrolysis gas then enters first-stage condenser 5.3, secondary condenser 5.4, be separated the wood tar oil and wood vinegar that produce in carbonization process, cooled pyrolysis gas enters water tank with strainer 5.5, other impurity that further heat of dissociation contains in venting one's spleen, pyrolysis gas enters total gas-holder 5.6 through induced draft fan 5.8, to reduce the pulsation that in carbonization process, gas produces, pyrolysis gas enters roasting kiln 3.1 by total gas-holder 5.6, body of heater 2.1 is heated, maintain the heat needed for pyrolysis carbonization.The unnecessary pyrolysis gas that carbonization produces enters finished product gas-holder 5.9 by compressor, and the pyrolysis gas in finished product gas-holder externally can be sold as domestic gas or industrial gas.
Feature of the present utility model: 1) rotary type body of heater, body of heater internal screw charging guide plate makes material ceaselessly seethe in stove, rolls, rotates advance, and material is heated evenly, and can make the abundant destructive distillation of material, pyrolysis, charing, improve thermal transition efficiency; 2) selfsealings requirement when continuously feeding mode reaches charging, body of heater indirect heating, inner airtight, make the abundant destructive distillation of material, pyrolysis, charing; 3) heating chamber is provided with the heating zone of differing temps, is conducive to the abundant destructive distillation of material, pyrolysis, charing; 4) exhaust gas cleaner, accomplish smokeless, non-secondary pollution, material produces flammable pyrolysis gas in destructive distillation, pyrolysis, carbonization process, by combustion chamber, the destructive distillation of material itself, pyrolysis, charing are maintained to body of heater indirect heating, solve the heat energy problem needed for equipment, fully accomplished to confess self-sufficiency, save the energy, decrease running cost; Making full use of forest and agricultural biomass matter makes it turn waste into wealth, and decreases environmental pollution; 5) continuously feeding, continuous pyrolysis charing, be convenient to mass production, improve charcoal quality, and steady quality.

Claims (6)

1. rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven, comprise feeding unit (1), burn heating unit (3), it is characterized in that: in described burning heating unit (3), be provided with continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus (2), continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus (2) head has feeding unit (1) by Flange joint, afterbody has drawing mechanism (4) by Flange joint, drawing mechanism (4) is connected with exhaust gas cleaner (5), drawing mechanism (4) is provided with driving chain wheel (6);
Described continuous pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus (2) is made up of body of heater (2.1), nitrogen inlet (2.2), spiral charging guide plate; Body of heater (2.1) inwall is provided with spiral charging guide plate;
Described burning heating unit (3) is made up of roasting kiln (3.1), pyrolysis tracheae (3.2) and several valves (3.3); Described roasting kiln (3.1) both sides are respectively arranged with pyrolysis tracheae (3.2), pyrolysis tracheae (3.2) is provided with several arms leading to roasting kiln (3.1), arm is provided with valve (3.3), be provided with heating chamber between roasting kiln (3.1) and body of heater (2.1), heating chamber is provided with the heating zone of differing temps.
2. rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described exhaust gas cleaner (5) is made up of spray column (5.1), tornado dust collector (5.2), first-stage condenser (5.3), secondary condenser (5.4), water tank with strainer (5.5), total gas-holder (5.6), compressor (5.7), induced draft fan (5.8), finished product gas-holder (5.9), described drawing mechanism (4) top is provided with spray column (5.1), spray column (5.1) outlet is connected with tornado dust collector (5.2) import, tornado dust collector (5.2) outlet is connected with first-stage condenser (5.3) import, first-stage condenser (5.3) outlet is connected with secondary condenser (5.4) import, secondary condenser (5.4) outlet is connected with water tank with strainer (5.5), induced draft fan (5.8) import is connected with water tank with strainer (5.5), induced draft fan (5.8) outlet is connected with total gas-holder (5.6) import, total gas-holder (5.6) is provided with two outlets, an outlet is connected with compressor (5.7), compressor (5.7) outlet is connected with finished product gas-holder (5.9), another outlet is connected with the pyrolysis tracheae (3.2) of roasting kiln (3.1) both sides.
3. rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described feeding unit (1) is made up of feed mechanism (1.1), pusher (1.2), inlet connector (1.3); Be provided with spiral charging guide plate in described inlet connector (1.3) hole, inlet connector (1.3) is horizontally arranged with pusher (1.2), is vertically arranged with feed mechanism (1.1); Described pusher (1.2) is provided with hydro-cylinder.
4. rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described drawing mechanism (4) is made up of discharging joint (4.1) and discharging auger (4.2); Also spiral charging guide plate is provided with in described discharging joint (4.2) hole.
5. rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described spray column (5.1) is arranged on discharging joint (4.1) outlet top.
6. rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described discharging joint (4.1) is provided with driving chain wheel (6).
CN201520618595.7U 2015-08-18 2015-08-18 Rotary type continuous pyrolysis stalk coke oven Expired - Fee Related CN204939394U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105062521A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-18 江苏鼎新环保科技有限公司 Rotary-type continuous pyrolyzing straw carbonizing furnace
CN105950193A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-21 农业部规划设计研究院 Dual-power rotary poly-generation system for continuous biomass dry distillation
CN109821870A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-05-31 安徽理工大学 A kind of devices and methods therefor preparing straw biological charcoal using high temperature thermal desorption waste heat
CN112812792A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-18 南京万德斯环保科技股份有限公司 Internal heat rotary anaerobic pyrolysis system and method for treating solid waste by using same

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105062521A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-18 江苏鼎新环保科技有限公司 Rotary-type continuous pyrolyzing straw carbonizing furnace
CN105950193A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-21 农业部规划设计研究院 Dual-power rotary poly-generation system for continuous biomass dry distillation
CN105950193B (en) * 2016-05-13 2023-11-24 农业农村部规划设计研究院 Double-power rotary biomass continuous carbonization poly-generation system
CN109821870A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-05-31 安徽理工大学 A kind of devices and methods therefor preparing straw biological charcoal using high temperature thermal desorption waste heat
CN112812792A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-18 南京万德斯环保科技股份有限公司 Internal heat rotary anaerobic pyrolysis system and method for treating solid waste by using same

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20160106

Termination date: 20200818