CN208234847U - A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device - Google Patents

A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN208234847U
CN208234847U CN201820811349.7U CN201820811349U CN208234847U CN 208234847 U CN208234847 U CN 208234847U CN 201820811349 U CN201820811349 U CN 201820811349U CN 208234847 U CN208234847 U CN 208234847U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
destructive distillation
air
connect
drying
outlet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201820811349.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙连克
薛选平
吴怡喜
曾明明
李朋泽
宋涛涛
李俊恒
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHAANXI METALLURGICAL DESIGN RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO LTD
Original Assignee
SHAANXI METALLURGICAL DESIGN RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO LTD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHAANXI METALLURGICAL DESIGN RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO LTD filed Critical SHAANXI METALLURGICAL DESIGN RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO LTD
Priority to CN201820811349.7U priority Critical patent/CN208234847U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208234847U publication Critical patent/CN208234847U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Landscapes

  • Coke Industry (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device, the device includes raw material cabin, Drying and chimney, externally heated retort oven, single furnace vertical tube cooler, gas gathering manifold, cyclone dust collectors, vertical pipe type inter cooler, air-introduced machine, the water tower that dries in the air, circulating water pool, separate tank and wood tar storage tank, the Drying import is connected to raw material cabin, and Drying outlet is connected to chimney;The smoke discharging pipe at the top of the externally heated retort oven is connect with Drying;The top carbonization gas pipeline of externally heated retort oven is connect with single furnace vertical tube cooler;The upper outlet of single furnace vertical tube cooler is connect with gas gathering manifold import.The utility model overcomes existing using air burning additional fuel offer destructive distillation institute calorific requirement, charcoal scaling loss, hot fume heat waste, the drawback that destructive distillation gas calorific value is low and gas dust content is high, the use for reducing supplement fuel, improves energy utilization rate, reduces environmental pollution.

Description

A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device
Technical field
The utility model relates to biomass carbonization techniques, and in particular to a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device, It can be applied to log, wooden machine-made stick and doing with the machine-made stick that agricultural wastes are done extensively such as rice husk, corncob and beans bar It evaporates to produce charcoal.
Background technique
Charcoal is timber or wood material by imperfect combustion, or is pyrolyzed in the absence of air conditions, is remained Dark brown or black porosu solid fuel.Pyrolysis charring raw material is mainly with two kinds of principal modes of shaping mechanism bar and log.
Using sawdust as raw material, sawdust after machine high temperature, high-pressure molding, it is re-fed into mechanism made of charing in retort Charcoal need not add any additive in entire production process, it has, and burning time is long, calorific value is high, do not smolder, not detonation, environmental protection The features such as.The main hexagon center of machine-made carbon is free and there is two kinds of hole shape at square center.
Merely using trees as raw material, the conventional charcoal made of kiln/furnace fires (or even accumulation is made charcoal) is agriculture except utilizing Waste fruit tree, fruit branch carry out the project of deep processing and comprehensive utilization, are a kind of industry for damaging resource mostly, and production process produces Raw flue dust, gas and raffinate arbitrarily discharges, serious to air, soil pollution, is forbidden by country now.
Charcoal main component is carbon, and ash content is very low, and calorific value about 27.21 ~ 33.49MJ/kg, in addition there are hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen And a small amount of other elements, content depend primarily on the final temperature of charing.Now, it in addition to still making life fuel, also serves as Metal smelt, food and light industry fuel, the reducing agent of electric furnace smelting, metal refine when be used as coverture protect metal not by Oxidation.Often make the raw material of carbon disulfide and active carbon etc. on chemical industry.Fuel as Biscuits Factory, smeltery etc., is also used In the filtering of water, the decoloration of liquid and prepare black powder etc..Also in grinding, drawing, makeup, medicine, gunpowder, carburizing, powder The application of aspects such as alloy.
There are two types of preparation methods:
(1) kiln process builds kiln with soil, and completely dress timber carbonizes timber in kiln, wave from wicket or vent point combustion Object is sent out to escape and remaining charcoal;
(2) cracking process, the i.e. dry distillation of wood.According to flameout method difference, black wood charcoal and two kinds of hard charcoal can be produced.
Usually it is called in kiln/furnace method of stopping working in the method that bored kiln/furnace stops working, i.e. isolation air is flame-out, and obtained charcoal claims For " black wood charcoal ".It when timber carbonizes in kiln/furnace to be finished, claws or pours out out of kiln/furnace while hot, then stopped working with wet sand soil Flame-out method outside method, referred to as kiln/furnace.During flame-out, charcoal is contacted with air and is calcined, and the outside of charcoal is oxidized, The white ash of generation is attached on charcoal, referred to as " hard charcoal ".
Utility model content
In order to overcome existing charcoal production technology by-product carbonization gas arbitrarily to discharge, destructive distillation liquid product can not be recycled, The problem of contaminated soil, the utility model provide a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device, the utility model aim one It is to can effectively solve the problem of existing charcoal production technology by-product carbonization gas arbitrarily discharges;Purpose is second is that in order to solve destructive distillation Liquid product can not recycle, the defect of contaminated soil;Purpose is third is that can largely improve energy utilization rate and subtract Few air pollution.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model are as follows:
A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device, including raw material cabin, Drying and chimney, externally heated retort oven, Single furnace vertical tube cooler, gas gathering manifold, cyclone dust collectors, vertical pipe type inter cooler, air-introduced machine, the water tower that dries in the air, circulating water pool, separate tank With wood tar storage tank, the Drying import is connected to raw material cabin, and Drying outlet is connected to chimney;The external-heat is dry The smoke discharging pipe at the top of furnace is connect with Drying;The top carbonization gas pipeline of externally heated retort oven and single furnace vertical tube cooler Connection;The upper outlet of single furnace vertical tube cooler is connect with gas gathering manifold import, gas gathering manifold outlet and cyclone dust collectors import Connection, cyclone dust collectors upper end outlet are connect with vertical pipe type inter cooler upper inlet, vertical pipe type inter cooler upper outlet and the water that dries in the air Tower connection, water tower lower end of drying in the air are connect with circulating water pool, and circulating water pool lower part outlet is connect with vertical pipe type inter cooler lower inlet;Rotation The lower part outlet of wind deduster, vertical pipe type inter cooler and single furnace vertical tube cooler is connect with separate tank import respectively, and separate tank goes out Pass through circulation washing pump connection between mouth and cyclone dust collectors upper inlet;Vertical pipe type inter cooler lower part outlet and air-introduced machine import Connection, the outlet of air-introduced machine and the bottom gas pipeline of externally heated retort oven connect.
The raw material cabin is connect by screw conveyor with Drying.
The vertical pipe type inter cooler is equipped with circulating backwater and recycles upper water interface.
The externally heated retort oven be it is multiple, multiple externally heated retort ovens are set side by side, each externally heated retort oven pair One single furnace vertical tube cooler should be set.
The air-introduced machine is two, and two air-introduced machines are set side by side;The circulating water pool lower part outlet and vertical pipe type By two water circulating pump connections between inter cooler lower inlet, two water circulating pumps are set side by side;The circulation washing pump It is two, two circulation washing pumps are set side by side.
The externally heated retort oven includes at least shell and combustion chamber, and the combustion chamber is located in shell, combustion chamber Bottom is equipped with mobile fire grate, and the Inner Wall of Combustion Chamber builds refractory brick.
Partition is arranged in bottom in the separate tank.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that
The utility model overcomes prior art and air burning coal or timber offer destructive distillation institute calorific requirement mistake is only used only The high drawback of energy waste brought by journey, recycling and comprehensive utilization carbonization gas;Heat source needed for Drying comes from external-heat destructive distillation The hot fume that furnace furnace group group generates, has recycled sensible heat, has improved the degree of drying of raw material, more conducively subsequent destructive distillation processing.
Pipeline is passed sequentially through by single furnace vertical tube cooler, gas gathering manifold, cyclone dust collectors, vertical pipe type inter cooler, air-introduced machine The carbonization gas purification-recovery system connected and composed can separate wood tar, wood vinegar, wood tar slag;
Pyrolysis temperature needed for destructive distillation oven carbonization chamber is heated to raw material as fuel using purified carbonization gas.This reality It heating is pre-dried in raw material, is carried out destructive distillation to raw material with novel, wood tar, wood vinegar separation are combined into an entirety, make this Technique be able to achieve various forms wood raw material is dried, destructive distillation, carbonization gas purification, recycling wood tar function, reaching has Effect utilizes the purpose of destructive distillation gas calorific value, is comprehensively utilized resource, meets the requirement of environmental protection and energy saving.
The utility model is described in further details below with reference to attached drawing.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the apparatus structure and process flow diagram of the utility model.
In figure, appended drawing reference are as follows: 1, raw material cabin;2, Drying;3, chimney;4, external-heat carbonizes gas retort;5, single furnace is perpendicular Pipe cooler;6, gas gathering manifold;7, cyclone dust collectors;8, vertical pipe type inter cooler;9, air-introduced machine;10, dry in the air water tower;11, it dries in the air pond; 12, water circulating pump;13, washing pump is recycled;14, wood tar, wood vinegar separate tank;15, wood tar storage tank.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
In order to overcome existing charcoal production technology by-product carbonization gas arbitrarily to discharge, destructive distillation liquid product can not be recycled, The problem of contaminated soil, the utility model provide a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device, and the utility model can be effective It solves existing charcoal production technology by-product carbonization gas arbitrarily to discharge, destructive distillation liquid product can not recycle, and contaminated soil lacks It falls into, and largely improves energy utilization rate and reduce air pollution.
A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device, including raw material cabin 1, Drying 2 and chimney 3, external-heat destructive distillation Furnace 4, single furnace vertical tube cooler 5, gas gathering manifold 6, cyclone dust collectors 7, vertical pipe type inter cooler 8, air-introduced machine 9, the water tower 10 that dries in the air, circulation Pond 11, separate tank 14 and wood tar storage tank 15,2 import of Drying are connected to raw material cabin 1, the outlet of Drying 2 and cigarette Chimney 3 is connected to;The smoke discharging pipe at the top of the externally heated retort oven 4 is connect with Drying 2;The top of externally heated retort oven 4 Carbonization gas pipeline is connect with single furnace vertical tube cooler 5;The upper outlet of single furnace vertical tube cooler 5 is connect with 6 import of gas gathering manifold, The outlet of gas gathering manifold 6 is connect with 7 import of cyclone dust collectors, 7 upper end outlet of cyclone dust collectors and 8 upper inlet of vertical pipe type inter cooler Connection, 8 upper outlet of vertical pipe type inter cooler are connect with the water tower 10 that dries in the air, and 10 lower end of water tower of drying in the air is connect with circulating water pool 11, recirculated water 11 lower part outlet of pond is connect with 8 lower inlet of vertical pipe type inter cooler;Cyclone dust collectors 7, vertical pipe type inter cooler 8 and single furnace vertical tube are cold But the lower part outlet of device 5 is connect with 14 import of separate tank respectively, is led between the outlet of separate tank 14 and 7 upper inlet of cyclone dust collectors Cross the connection of circulation washing pump 13;8 lower part outlet of vertical pipe type inter cooler is connect with 9 import of air-introduced machine, the outlet of air-introduced machine 9 and outer heat The bottom gas pipeline of formula gas retort 4 connects.
The utility model as shown in Figure 1 provides a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device, including drying system, dry Evaporate system, carbonization gas purification-recovery system, wood tar, wood vinegar separation system and the water cooling system that dries in the air.
Wherein, raw material cabin 1, Drying 2, chimney 3 form drying system, and main function is the dehumidification of raw material.Raw material passes through Screw conveyor is fed to Drying 2, and Drying 2 is connect by pipeline with 4 flue gas system of externally heated retort oven;External-heat is dry The smoke discharging pipe at the top of furnace 4 and Drying 2 with connect, dry hot fume is provided.
Distillation system is arranged to make up by multiple externally heated retort ovens 4 being set side by side, raw material complete to continue herein it is dry and The process of destructive distillation, externally heated retort oven 4 are connected with drying system and carbonization gas purification-recovery system respectively by pipe-line system.
Carbonization gas purification-recovery system is by cold between single furnace vertical tube cooler 5, gas gathering manifold 6, cyclone dust collectors 7, vertical pipe type Device 8, air-introduced machine 9 pass sequentially through pipeline and connect and compose, the main gas-liquid separation for realizing carbonization gas;The furnace roof of externally heated retort oven 4 It is connect by pipeline with single furnace vertical tube cooler 5 of the carbonization gas purification system;Carbonization gas purification-recovery system air-introduced machine 9 exports Pipeline a part is connect with gas inlet pipe set by 4 lower part of externally heated retort oven, and a part is connected to accident diffuse channel.
Wood tar, wood vinegar separation system are made of the separate tank 14 and wood tar storage tank 15 connected each other by pipeline, The main further separation for realizing destructive distillation product liquid, separate tank 14 and single furnace vertical tube cooler 5, cyclone dust collectors 7, vertical pipe type Inter cooler 8 is connected by pipeline respectively;The cleaning solution of separate tank 14 passes through circulation washing pump 13 and 7 top of cyclone dust collectors Connection;The Recovery Purifying product of single furnace vertical tube cooler 5, cyclone dust collectors 7 and vertical pipe type inter cooler 8 by pipe influx to divide Natural separation is carried out from pond 14, separate tank 14 is designed using adjustable partition board, according to the destructive distillation Product yields of different destructive distillation raw materials Difference, the physical separation of adjustment oil, liquid.
Drying in the air, water tower 10, circulating water pool 11, water circulating pump 12 are connected to constitute the water cooling system that dries in the air, the main drop for realizing cooling water Mild circulation-supplied, wherein the bottom cycle water suction line of 12 outlet line of water circulating pump and vertical pipe type inter cooler 8 and single furnace The water main of vertical tube cooler 5 is connected, the top circulating water outlet pipeline and single furnace of dry in the air water tower 10 and vertical pipe type inter cooler 8 The return main of vertical tube cooler 5 is connected.The list furnace vertical tube cooler 5, vertical pipe type inter cooler 8 be equipped with circulating backwater, Water interface in circulation.The independent loops cooling water of guaranteed cooling water temperature dries in the air water system, the type of cooling be it is indirectly cooling, guarantee While condensation temperature, the recovery utilization rate of water was not only improved, but also free from environmental pollution.
The utility model overcomes prior art using a large amount of coals of air burning, provides destructive distillation institute calorific requirement process and is brought Energy waste and carbonization gas waste discharge, the high drawback of exhausted air quantity make the carbonization gas of production be used;Distillation system, can The destructive distillation of realization mechanism stick and log, raw material pyrolysis are charcoal, the carbonization gas containing wood tar;By single furnace vertical tube cooler 5, gas collection General pipeline 6, cyclone dust collectors 7, vertical pipe type inter cooler 8, air-introduced machine 9 pass sequentially through the carbonization gas purification system that pipeline connects and composes can By destructive distillation gas washing, purification and cooling containing wood tar;Wood tar, wood vinegar separation system can be by carbonization gas purification-recovery systems The condensate liquid of middle generation is separated into wood tar slag, wood tar and wood vinegar;Drying system removes raw material using fume afterheat in advance Moisture.The utility model is by drying system, distillation system, carbonization gas purification-recovery system, wood tar, wood vinegar separation system It is combined into an entirety with water system of drying in the air, this technique is made to be able to achieve the destructive distillation to all kinds of raw materials, carbonization gas purification, recycling wood tar Function, achieve the purpose that efficiently use carbonization gas and hot fume, be comprehensively utilized resource, meet wanting for environmental protection and energy saving It asks.
Embodiment 2:
On the basis of embodiment 1, in the present embodiment, the raw material cabin 1 passes through screw conveyor and Drying 2 Connection.
Raw material cabin 1, to 2 transferring raw material of Drying, is guaranteed the low dirt of environment, prevents flue gas from leaking by screw conveyor.It dries Dry cylinder 2 is obliquely installed, and inclined angle is not more than 6 °, and Drying 2 is higher than the other end of Drying 2 close to one end of raw material cabin 1.
The vertical pipe type inter cooler 8 is equipped with circulating backwater and recycles upper water interface.
The externally heated retort oven 4 be it is multiple, multiple externally heated retort ovens 4 are set side by side, each externally heated retort oven 4 It is correspondingly arranged a single furnace vertical tube cooler 5.
The air-introduced machine 9 is two, and two air-introduced machines 9 are set side by side;11 lower part outlet of circulating water pool and vertical It is connected between 8 lower inlet of tubular intercooler by two water circulating pumps 12, two water circulating pumps 12 are set side by side;Described follows Ring washing pump 13 is two, and two circulation washing pumps 13 are set side by side.
Air-introduced machine 9, water circulating pump 12 and circulation washing pump 13 are respectively provided with two, and one spare with one, ensures one in this way Enabling is spare after platform is problematic, will not influence whole device work, the efficiency of work is effectively guaranteed.
The externally heated retort oven 4 includes at least shell and combustion chamber, and the combustion chamber is located in shell, combustion chamber Bottom is equipped with mobile fire grate, and the Inner Wall of Combustion Chamber builds refractory brick.
External-heat carbonizes 4 bottom of combustion chamber of gas retort and is equipped with mobile fire grate, and when starting can coal-fired or timber;It sets simultaneously There is gas burner (fuel burner nozzle), the normal clean carbonization gas produced after after-combustion Recovery Purifying provides destructive distillation heat;Burning Chamber interior walls build refractory brick insulation.Retort middle inside is integrally detachable carbonization chamber, machine-made stick or log merging Wherein interval carries out dry distillation charring.The destructive distillation product that destructive distillation generates is carbonized, is entered from suction at the top of external-heat charing gas retort perpendicular Pipe cooler 5 is collected after primary wash and enters gas gathering manifold 6, the rear cyclone dust collectors for entering top and having spray washing device 7, double purification recycling is carried out, then, destructive distillation product goes successively to vertical pipe type inter cooler 8, it exchanges heat with recirculated cooling water, heat exchange Afterwards, clean carbonization gas is sent to external-heat charing 4 make-up gas fuel of gas retort by air-introduced machine 9, extra to can be used as boiler oil, draws The adapter tube temporarily diffused is led in setting after blower 9.
Partition is arranged in bottom in the separate tank 14.The separate tank 14 is opening in labyrinth by multiple horizontal arrangements The steel construction grid of mouth is sequentially communicated composition, is provided with baffle, adjustable different height at the top of each lattice openings.
The utility model overcomes existing using air burning additional fuel offer destructive distillation institute calorific requirement, charcoal scaling loss, heat Flue gas heat waste, the drawback that destructive distillation gas calorific value is low and gas dust content is high reduce the use of supplement fuel, improve energy Source utilization rate reduces environmental pollution.
Embodiment 3:
On the basis of embodiment 1 and embodiment 2, a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation Recovery Purifying is provided in the present embodiment The recovery method of device, specific steps are as follows:
Step 1 charcoal raw material enters raw material cabin 1, enters Drying 2 by screw conveyor and is pre-dried, after dry Raw material is as the raw material for standby for entering externally heated retort oven 4.
Step 2 raw material completes dry, destructive distillation inside externally heated retort oven 4;The destructive distillation product that destructive distillation generates is carbonized, from It is sucked out at the top of externally heated retort oven 4 and enters single furnace vertical tube cooler 5, collected after primary wash and enter gas gathering manifold 6;
Step 3 HYBRID RETORTING gas derived from the gas gathering manifold 6 enters cyclone dust collectors 7, carries out double purification recycling, and Afterwards, destructive distillation product goes successively to vertical pipe type inter cooler 8, exchanges heat with recirculated cooling water, after heat exchange, net carbonization gas is by air-introduced machine 9 one 4 make-up gas fuel of externally heated retort oven is sent in part, and rest part is vented by the interim release being arranged after air-introduced machine 9.
Step 4 is from main Recovery Purifying at single furnace vertical tube cooler 5, cyclone dust collectors 7 and vertical pipe type inter cooler 8 three The mixes liquid destructive distillation product that device is precipitated, converges into wood tar, separate tank 14 through pipeline, and mixture is exchanged heat, settled in pond, It is separated into wood tar slag blanket, wood tar layer and wood vinegar layer;By resulting wood tar be sent into wood tar storage tank 15, as product outside It send;Resulting wood vinegar is sent through pipeline to single furnace vertical tube cooler 5 and cyclone dust collectors 7 after circulation washing pump 13 pressurizes and is followed Ring uses.
Raw material is sent into raw material warehouse 1 by conveyer, timing is sent into Drying 2, and raw material does not stop to overturn in Drying, The process of preliminarily dried is completed with hot fume reverse heat-exchange.In this process, the hot fume input pipe that externally heated retort oven 4 is equipped with It is connect with Drying 2.Flue gas after heat exchange carries moisture and is discharged into atmosphere by chimney 3.It is carbonized in externally heated retort oven 4 indoor Raw material continues dry and destructive distillation as the temperature rises.The time required to distillation system with temperature according to raw material type it is different and The difference of product is adjusted.For furnace temperature at 100 DEG C~150 DEG C, raw material humidity discharging is violent in furnace;When furnace temperature rises to 275 DEG C to 300 DEG C when, destructive distillation starts simultaneously as the temperature rises, destructive distillation accelerate, into carbonization stage.When furnace temperature rises to 400 DEG C, heat after Continuous to increase, charcoal stops generating pyrolysate substantially, and enters calcination stage, can reach 600-700 DEG C during calcining.At 400 DEG C Above charcoal belongs to low temperature charcoal, and 600 DEG C or more of charcoal belongs to medium temperature charcoal, and 900 DEG C or more of charcoal belongs to pyrocarbon.
The destructive distillation product derived from distillation system is sucked out first at the top of externally heated retort oven 4 and enters vertical tube cooler 5, Collected after primary wash and enter gas gathering manifold 6, there are the cyclone dust collectors 7 of spray washing device subsequently into top, carries out two Secondary Recovery Purifying, then, destructive distillation product go successively to vertical pipe type inter cooler 8, exchange heat with recirculated cooling water, after heat exchange, net destructive distillation Gas is sent to externally heated retort oven 4 as gaseous fuel by air-introduced machine 9, and product liquid enters device recycling.
From single furnace vertical tube cooler 5, purification recovery device at cyclone dust collectors 7 and vertical pipe type inter cooler 8 main three The mixing liquid destructive distillation product of precipitation converges into wood tar, wood vinegar separate tank through pipeline, and mixture is exchanged heat, settled in pond, Also achieve the purpose that wood vinegar cool down, advantageous as condensate liquid wood vinegar again to carbonization gas sprinkling, heat exchange.When passing through long Between standing, heat exchange, resulting wood tar is sent into wood tar storage tank 15 as product and is sent outside;By resulting wood vinegar through pipeline It send to cyclone dust collectors 7 and is recycled;The a small amount of wood tar slag isolated can be used as supplement fuel to use or collect manure.
The combustion set by 9 outlet conduit a part of air-introduced machine and charing gas retort lower part of the carbonization gas of purification-recovery system Gas input pipe is connected to fuel (combustion chambers burn that can also be passed through drying system generates hot fume), and a part is connected to accident Diffuse channel.
The utility model overcomes prior art using a large amount of coals of air burning, provides destructive distillation institute calorific requirement process and is brought Energy waste and carbonization gas waste discharge, the high drawback of exhausted air quantity make the carbonization gas of production be used;Distillation system, can The destructive distillation of realization mechanism stick and log, raw material pyrolysis are charcoal, the carbonization gas containing wood tar;By single furnace vertical tube cooler 5, gas collection General pipeline 6, cyclone dust collectors 7, vertical pipe type inter cooler 8, air-introduced machine 9 pass sequentially through the carbonization gas purification system that pipeline connects and composes can By destructive distillation gas washing, purification and cooling containing wood tar;Wood tar, wood vinegar separation system can will produce in carbonization gas purification system Raw condensate liquid is separated into wood tar slag, wood tar and wood vinegar;Drying system removes the water of raw material using fume afterheat in advance Point.The utility model combines drying system, distillation system, purification system, wood tar, wood vinegar separation system and water system of drying in the air At an entirety, this technique is set to be able to achieve the destructive distillation to all kinds of raw materials, carbonization gas purification, the function of recycling wood tar, reaching has Effect is comprehensively utilized resource, meets the requirement of environmental protection and energy saving using carbonization gas and the purpose of hot fume.
There is no the part described in detail to belong to the well known conventional means of the industry in present embodiment, does not chat one by one here It states.Exemplified as above is only to the utility model for example, not constituting the limitation to the protection scope of the utility model, It is all to be belonged within the protection scope of the utility model with the same or similar design of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device, it is characterised in that: including raw material cabin (1), Drying (2) and chimney (3), externally heated retort oven (4), single furnace vertical tube cooler (5), gas gathering manifold (6), cyclone dust collectors (7), vertical pipe type inter cooler (8), air-introduced machine (9), the water tower that dries in the air (10), circulating water pool (11), wood vinegar separate tank (14) and wood tar storage tank (15), it is described Drying (2) import is connected to raw material cabin (1), and Drying (2) outlet is connected to chimney (3);The externally heated retort oven (4) The smoke discharging pipe at top connect with Drying (2);The top carbonization gas pipeline of externally heated retort oven (4) and single furnace vertical tube are cooling Device (5) connection;The upper outlet of single furnace vertical tube cooler (5) is connect with gas gathering manifold (6) import, gas gathering manifold (6) outlet with Cyclone dust collectors (7) import connection, cyclone dust collectors (7) upper end outlet are connect with vertical pipe type inter cooler (8) upper inlet, standpipe Formula inter cooler (8) upper outlet is connect with the water tower that dries in the air (10), and the water tower that dries in the air (10) lower end is connect with circulating water pool (11), circulating water pool (11) lower part outlet is connect with vertical pipe type inter cooler (8) lower inlet;Cyclone dust collectors (7), vertical pipe type inter cooler (8) and single furnace The lower part outlet of vertical tube cooler (5) is connect with wood vinegar separate tank (14) import respectively, wood vinegar separate tank (14) outlet with Pass through circulation washing pump (13) connection between cyclone dust collectors (7) upper inlet;Vertical pipe type inter cooler (8) lower part outlet and air inducing Machine (9) import connection, the outlet of air-introduced machine (9) is connect with the bottom gas pipeline of externally heated retort oven (4).
2. a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the raw material Storehouse (1) is connect by screw conveyor with Drying (2).
3. a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the vertical pipe type Inter cooler (8) is equipped with circulating backwater and recycles upper water interface.
4. a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the outer heat Formula gas retort (4) be it is multiple, multiple externally heated retort ovens (4) are set side by side, and each externally heated retort oven (4) is correspondingly arranged one Single furnace vertical tube cooler (5).
5. a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air inducing Machine (9) is two, and two air-introduced machines (9) are set side by side;Circulating water pool (11) lower part outlet and vertical pipe type inter cooler (8) By two water circulating pump (12) connections between lower inlet, two water circulating pumps (12) are set side by side;The circulation washing Pumping (13) is two, and two circulation washing pumps (13) are set side by side.
6. a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the outer heat Formula gas retort (4) includes at least shell and combustion chamber, and the combustion chamber is located in shell, and bottom of combustion chamber is equipped with portable furnace It combs, the Inner Wall of Combustion Chamber builds refractory brick.
7. a kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the wooden vinegar Partition is arranged in the interior bottom of liquid separate tank (14).
CN201820811349.7U 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device Active CN208234847U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820811349.7U CN208234847U (en) 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820811349.7U CN208234847U (en) 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208234847U true CN208234847U (en) 2018-12-14

Family

ID=64575163

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820811349.7U Active CN208234847U (en) 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208234847U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108504369A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-09-07 陕西冶金设计研究院有限公司 A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device and method
CN112879898A (en) * 2021-01-21 2021-06-01 太湖县中环生物颗粒有限责任公司 Boiler for biomass particle combustion

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108504369A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-09-07 陕西冶金设计研究院有限公司 A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device and method
CN108504369B (en) * 2018-05-29 2024-04-12 陕西冶金设计研究院有限公司 Biomass carbonization destructive distillation purification recovery device and method
CN112879898A (en) * 2021-01-21 2021-06-01 太湖县中环生物颗粒有限责任公司 Boiler for biomass particle combustion

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104501547B (en) A kind of dry kiln system of radiator, furnace gas mixing application
CN203980292U (en) Cement kiln associated treatment combustible waste material system that can bypass cogeneration
CN107162373A (en) A kind of pig manure method of comprehensive utilization based on carbonization pyrolytic technique
CN104033905A (en) System for combustible waste co-processing in cement kiln with bypass exhaust and waste heat power generation
CN109468139A (en) A kind of biomass graded pyrolysis and combustion device
CN208234847U (en) A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device
CN103557517A (en) Biomass secondary cracking method and device
CN206570184U (en) A kind of sludge drying carbonization system
CN104762095A (en) Full-cycle low-temperature carbonization device and technique for semi coke production
CN202272847U (en) Biomass liquid fuel preparation system
CN108504369A (en) A kind of biomass carbonated destructive distillation purification recovery device and method
CN205061973U (en) System for indirect heating formula pyrolysis and carbonization living beings
CN104048297A (en) Cement kiln cooperative processing combustible waste and by-pass exhaust power generation complementary system
CN207793163U (en) A kind of self-loopa tunnel type carbonizing kiln
CN101749726A (en) Air circulating system for combustion furnace
CN201626934U (en) Laying type straw carbonization device
CN110105973A (en) A kind of vertical pyrolysis carbonizing apparatus of agriculture and forestry organic waste material
CN205710598U (en) A kind of rotary pulverized coal pyrolysis reactor
CN204574710U (en) The dry kiln system of a kind of radiator, furnace gas mixing application
CN209722036U (en) A kind of biomass carbon, gas intensive flue-cured tobacco complete set of equipments
CN201628210U (en) Furfural residue smoke drying and residue blast throwing device of furfural residue boiler
CN201513915U (en) Air circulating device of combustion furnace
CN203980293U (en) A kind of cement kiln associated treatment combustible waste material and the power generation complemented system of bypass
CN2747899Y (en) Biomass gasification flue-cured tobacco device
CN112210395A (en) Preparation method for preparing clean fuel, carbon powder and heat energy by using agricultural and forestry wastes

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant