CN206346161U - Agricultural ecological escape canal with venetian blind type side plate planter units - Google Patents

Agricultural ecological escape canal with venetian blind type side plate planter units Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206346161U
CN206346161U CN201621260209.2U CN201621260209U CN206346161U CN 206346161 U CN206346161 U CN 206346161U CN 201621260209 U CN201621260209 U CN 201621260209U CN 206346161 U CN206346161 U CN 206346161U
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China
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plate
escape canal
agricultural ecological
ditches
venetian blind
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CN201621260209.2U
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Inventor
唐浩
唐维
袁永坤
周翾
鄢忠纯
熊丽君
张怀春
王振旗
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Shanghai Exposed Environment Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Exposed Environment Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

A kind of agricultural ecological escape canal with venetian blind type side plate planter units, including:Being arranged at irrigation canals and ditches both sides side slope is used to plant herbal side guard plate, is arranged at trench bottom for planting the bottom plate with bottom plate implantation hole of hygrophyte, being arranged at the waterwall of irrigation canals and ditches end and being arranged at agricultural drain mouth and the sump of agricultural ecological escape canal joint;Described side guard plate includes:Plantation portion above and underlying drop stain portion, wherein:Plantation portion includes some venetian blind type structure side plate planter units, and each side plate planter units are made up of at least two row's venetian blind type inclined holes.The utility model have it is simple and practical, the features such as avoid soil erosion after side guard plate, Stability Analysis of Structures, good purification and possess good landscape effect.

Description

Agricultural ecological escape canal with venetian blind type side plate planter units
Technical field
It is specifically a kind of to prevent irrigation canals and ditches soil losses the utility model relates to a kind of technology of field of environment protection Agricultural ecological escape canal with venetian blind type side plate planter units.
Background technology
Agriculture drainage ditch is to be used for the water channel of agricultural drain (flood discharge) positioned at road both sides or field, and its forming process is just It is the water passage of mankind's hand digging for needs such as satisfaction production, living safety guarantees.Traditional full cement plate gutter Canal system system is unable to effectively catching, the polluter removed in the rainfall runoff of farmland, does not possess biological habitat function, landscape quality It is single, it is impossible to form good ecological effect;The round hole cement plate Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches developed at present are to a certain degree On overcome the deficiency of full cement plate escape canal, but after using 2-3, because draining and flushing and immersion etc. are acted on, irrigation canals and ditches Side soil is gradually lost in by circular hole, is ultimately resulted in soil after backplate and is emptied, a large amount of soil alluvial trench bottoms, while side Face water plant loses attachment surface, gradually withered death, loses vitality and detergent power that irrigation canals and ditches build initial stage.
Utility model content
The utility model is for prior art construction is unstable, service life is short, irrigation canals and ditches easily deposit, it is not square to safeguard cleaning Just etc. defect, proposes a kind of agricultural ecological escape canal with venetian blind type side plate planter units, with simple and practical, structure It is stable, avoid soil losses after side guard plate, to Farmland Flow Pollution thing good purification and possess good landscape effect etc. Feature.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The utility model includes:Being arranged at irrigation canals and ditches both sides side slope is used to plant herbal side guard plate, be arranged at irrigation canals and ditches Bottom is used to plant the bottom plate with bottom plate implantation hole of hygrophyte, is arranged at the waterwall of irrigation canals and ditches end and is arranged at agriculture Field discharge outlet and the sump of agricultural ecological escape canal joint;Described side guard plate includes:Plantation portion above and Underlying drop stain portion, wherein:Plantation portion includes some venetian blind type structure side plate planter units, each side plate planter units It is made up of at least two row's venetian blind type inclined holes.
Described waterwall refers to:High 10~30 centimetres of the small-sized dam set in Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches end, soil Building, so as to keep water level in ditch, maintains irrigation canals and ditches plant normal growth on the spot.
Technique effect
Compared with prior art, the utility model choose that discharge capacity is strong, nitrogen and phosphorus pollutantses are amputated efficiency high it is aquatic, Hygrophyte and rational collocation mode, build the families of plant of ecological canal, can effectively reduce effectively catching, remove farmland footpath The polluter such as nitrogen, phosphorus in stream, recovers bio-diversity, builds the good ditch wetland ecosystem.Meanwhile, it is relatively existing General circular hole Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches, the utility model can effectively solve to be emptied after general circular hole escape canal side plate, water The problems such as soil is lost in, improves ecological canal water and soil conservation ability, preferably builds plant habitat, extends irrigation canals and ditches service life, carries For more preferable Farmland Flow Pollution clean-up effect, while set up more perfect farming landscape, for Farmland Flow Pollution preventing and treating and Farmland ecosystem keeps having even more important meaning.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is bowl formula pellet type Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches guard board structure figure;
In figure:A is three-view diagram;B is sectional view;
Fig. 2 is sump and Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches junction (water inlet) sectional schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is ecological escape canal water side (waterwall) sectional schematic diagram;
In figure:Side guard plate 1, bottom plate 2, waterwall 3, sump 4, plantation portion 5, drop stain portion 6, bottom plate implantation hole 7, shutter Implantation hole 8, metalling 10, herbaceous plant 11, hygrophyte 12.
Embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present embodiment includes:It is arranged at the side that irrigation canals and ditches both sides side slope is used to plant herbaceous plant 11 Backplate 1, be arranged at trench bottom be used for plant hygrophyte 12 the bottom plate 2 with bottom plate implantation hole 7, be arranged at irrigation canals and ditches end Waterwall 3 and be arranged at the sump 4 of agricultural drain mouthful and agricultural ecological escape canal joint.
Described side guard plate 1 includes:Plantation portion 5 above and underlying drop stain portion 6, wherein:Plantation portion 5 is wrapped The side plate planter units of some venetian blind type structures are included, each side plate planter units are made up of at least two row's venetian blind type inclined holes 8.
As shown in figure 1, the width of the upper opening of described venetian blind type structure is 10 centimetres, it is highly 5 centimetres, gradient For 30-45 °.
Metalling 10 is provided between described irrigation canals and ditches both sides side slope and backplate as shown in Figure 3, the metalling is arranged on side shield The rear portion in the drop stain portion of plate, can avoid soil from being lost in from drop stain hole.
10 centimetres of the diameter of described metalling, it is 3-5 centimetres of particle diameter that rubble therein, which is located at center section, peripherally located Part is followed successively by 2-4 and 1-2 centimetres of particle diameter.
Described sump is sunk type rectangular parallelepiped structure, and length is 1.5-2 meters, and width is 1.0-1.2 meters, and depth is 0.8-1.0 meters, brick rear inwall paints smooth.
Described herbaceous plant refers to:One kind or its combination in the tuber of dwarf lilyturf, Festuca Arundinacea, rye grass.
Described hygrophyte refers to:One kind or its group in canna, reed, Scirpus tabernaemontani, yellow flag, fishscale bamboo or Lythrum salicaria Close, every 0.5 meter of group planting thing spacing, the hygrophyte, the flow direction on bottom plate 2 and along runoff water in Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches, S-type mix successively is arranged alternately.
Described waterwall 3 refers to:High 10~30 centimetres of the small-sized dam set in Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches end, soil Building, so as to keep water level in ditch, maintains irrigation canals and ditches plant normal growth on the spot.
The present apparatus is implemented in the following manner:
Step 1) edit is carried out to job site, remove the former concrete revetment and former bottom plate of agriculture drainage ditch.
Step 2) in agricultural drain mouthful and Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches junction, sump is set.
Step 3) slope processing is carried out to escape canal side slope, it is small in side plate bottom on the basis of bottom of trench and Slope Treatment Hole correspondence position places metalling, then carries out consolidation process in side slope.
Step 4) as shown in figure 3, purifying plant is planted in irrigation canals and ditches, and waterwall 3 is set in Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches end, So that runoff water enters river after being purified through Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches.
By having carried out the monitoring of 2 years by a definite date to above-described embodiment, as a result show the ecology built using the utility model Escape canal system reaches more than 90% to runoff water SS places to go rate, and the place to go rate to nitrogen, phosphorus nutrient reaches more than 35%.Together When, operation result is found within 2 years, and soil does not outflow in venetian blind type structure side guard plate.As a result prove that the utility model can effectively be kept away Exempt from furrow bank soil losses, the river that enters of reduction Runoff contaminants is measured, and mitigates surface water environment pollutional load.
Above-mentioned specific implementation can by those skilled in the art on the premise of without departing substantially from the utility model principle and objective with Different modes carries out local directed complete set to it, and protection domain of the present utility model is defined by claims and not by above-mentioned specific Implementation is limited, and each implementation in the range of it is by the constraint of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of agricultural ecological escape canal with venetian blind type side plate planter units, it is characterised in that including:It is arranged at ditch Canal both sides side slope be used for plant herbal side guard plate, be arranged at trench bottom be used for plant hygrophyte carry bottom plate kind The bottom plate in hole is planted, the waterwall of irrigation canals and ditches end is arranged at and is arranged at agricultural drain mouthful and agricultural ecological escape canal joint Sump;Described side guard plate includes:Plantation portion above and underlying drop stain portion, wherein:Plantation portion includes Some venetian blind type structure side plate planter units, each side plate planter units are made up of at least two row's venetian blind type inclined holes.
2. agricultural ecological escape canal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the top of described venetian blind type structure is opened The width of mouth is 10 centimetres, is highly 5 centimetres, and gradient is 30-45 °.
3. agricultural ecological escape canal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described irrigation canals and ditches both sides side slope and side guard plate Between be provided with metalling, the metalling is arranged on the rear portion in the drop stain portion of side guard plate.
4. agricultural ecological escape canal according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, 10 centimetres of the diameter of described metalling, It is 3-5 centimetres of particle diameter that rubble therein, which is located at center section, and peripherally located part is followed successively by 2-4 and 1-2 centimetres of particle diameter.
5. agricultural ecological escape canal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described sump is sunk type cuboid Structure, length is 1.5-2 meters, and width is 1.0-1.2 meters, and depth is 0.8-1.0 meters, and brick rear inwall paints smooth.
6. agricultural ecological escape canal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described herbaceous plant refers to:The tuber of dwarf lilyturf, height One kind or its combination in fescue grass, rye grass.
7. agricultural ecological escape canal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described hygrophyte refers to:Canna, One kind or its combination in reed, Scirpus tabernaemontani, yellow flag, fishscale bamboo or Lythrum salicaria, every 0.5 meter of group planting thing spacing.
8. the agricultural ecological escape canal according to claim 1 or 7, it is characterized in that, described hygrophyte, positioned at bottom plate The upper and flow direction along runoff water in Demonstration for Ecological Sanitation irrigation canals and ditches, S-type mix successively is arranged alternately.
9. agricultural ecological escape canal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described waterwall refers to:In ecology row High 10~30 centimetres of the small-sized dam that Box Drain end is set, soil building on the spot, so as to keep water level in ditch, maintains irrigation canals and ditches Plant normal growth.
CN201621260209.2U 2016-11-21 2016-11-21 Agricultural ecological escape canal with venetian blind type side plate planter units Active CN206346161U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621260209.2U CN206346161U (en) 2016-11-21 2016-11-21 Agricultural ecological escape canal with venetian blind type side plate planter units

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621260209.2U CN206346161U (en) 2016-11-21 2016-11-21 Agricultural ecological escape canal with venetian blind type side plate planter units

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CN206346161U true CN206346161U (en) 2017-07-21

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109264867A (en) * 2018-09-13 2019-01-25 江苏大学 A kind of construction method of the compound group of ecological canal slope-protecting plant

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109264867A (en) * 2018-09-13 2019-01-25 江苏大学 A kind of construction method of the compound group of ecological canal slope-protecting plant

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