CN206160674U - Small -size solar thermal energy wind rape seed circulation desiccator - Google Patents

Small -size solar thermal energy wind rape seed circulation desiccator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206160674U
CN206160674U CN201621190059.2U CN201621190059U CN206160674U CN 206160674 U CN206160674 U CN 206160674U CN 201621190059 U CN201621190059 U CN 201621190059U CN 206160674 U CN206160674 U CN 206160674U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screen mesh
dryness storehouse
mesh type
dry storehouse
solar thermal
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201621190059.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
樊啟洲
刘国山
刘章勇
邓在京
张鹏
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201621190059.2U priority Critical patent/CN206160674U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206160674U publication Critical patent/CN206160674U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model discloses a small -size solar thermal energy wind rape seed circulation desiccator, including solar collector, solar collector is through the bottom intercommunication in breathe in fan and dry storehouse, be provided with first screen cloth formula impeller under extremely from last in the dry storehouse, second screen cloth formula impeller and screen cloth formula slope, dry storehouse top is provided with dry storehouse feed inlet and dry storehouse air outlet, dry storehouse feed inlet is connected with bucket elevator, the base on screen cloth formula slope offsets with the inner wall in dry storehouse, dry storehouse discharge gate has been offered to the lateral wall that lies in screen cloth formula slope base top on the dry storehouse, dry storehouse discharge gate links to each other with the storage silo, the storage silo is provided with storage silo discharge gate and storage silo discharge opening, the storage silo discharge gate is connected with bucket elevator. The utility model is suitable for a rape of less scale is planted the family and is used, can let the rape seed in the operation of desiccator mesocycle, through fan ventilating and cooling hydrofuge, prevent that the rape seed is wet mildew and rot rotten because of the height.

Description

A kind of small-sized solar hot blast rapeseed circulation dryer
Technical field
The utility model is related to agricultural mechanical field, more particularly to a kind of small-sized solar hot blast rapeseed cyclic drying Machine.Suitable for the drying of rapeseed.
Background technology
Rape is the important oil plant of China and high protein feed crop, and rapeseed can extract oil, its cultivated area and always product The 1/3 of the Liang Junzhan worlds, is rape producing region maximum in the world in the most Yangtze river basin of China's yield of rape, the Yangtze river basin Rapeseed cultivation area account for global 25% or so.
Rapeseed is mainly made up of grease, protein and carbohydrate, and wherein fat content is about 38% ~ 45%, albumen Matter content 20% ~ 25%, the content of carbohydrate is about 25%.The key index for weighing the quality of rapeseed is going out for rapeseed Oil cut rate, and the dry technology and degree of drying that maximum is rapeseed is affected on rapeseed oil yield.Therefore it is rational to select oil The drying mode and dry technology of vegetable seed has particularly important impact to the quality of finished product rapeseed quality, rapeseed it is dry Dry technology occupies critical role in the whole process of rapeseed.
Traditional drying mode needs to dry region than larger due to spreading drying out, causes drying efficiency than relatively low, and And have handstone, mud particles etc. due to drying region, cause rapeseed impurity relatively more;Can be reduced using mechanical drying and be accounted for Ground area, improve drying efficiency, but in dry run may produce machine extruding cause rapeseed crushing situation and Dry thermal source select permeability.
Solar energy is a kind of inexhaustible clean energy resource, and south China area is compared due to rainy weather Many, height above sea level causes the solar radiation of acceptance a little less compared with the plateaus such as northwest and southwest and few rainy weather than relatively low.But Than relatively low, annual mean temperature is higher, and day and night temperature is little, and the heat waste of equipment is smaller, and efficiency of utilization is higher for latitude, can be with Use in each season.Therefore design a kind of rape drying machine by the use of solar energy as thermal source to mitigate peasant's labour intensity with And economic growth has great importance.
Utility model content
The utility model purpose is to solve the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, there is provided a kind of small-sized solar hot blast Rapeseed circulation dryer, the utility model simple structure, arid cycle is short, uniform drying is good, environmental protection and energy saving.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of small-sized solar hot blast rapeseed circulation dryer, including solar thermal collector, solar thermal collector passes through Suction fan is connected with the bottom of dryness storehouse, and in dryness storehouse the first screen mesh type impeller, the second screen mesh type leaf are provided with from top to bottom Wheel and screen mesh type slope, dryness storehouse top is provided with dryness storehouse charging aperture and dryness storehouse air outlet, and dryness storehouse charging aperture is by bucket Formula elevator discharge nozzle is connected with bucket elevator, and the base on screen mesh type slope offsets with the inwall of dryness storehouse, and dryness storehouse is upper Side wall above the base of screen mesh type slope is offered and is dried bin discharge port external, is dried bin discharge port external and is connected with storage bin, storage bin Storing bin discharge port external and storage bin discharge port are provided with, storing bin discharge port external is by bucket elevator feed pipe and bucket elevator Connection, the first screen mesh type impeller is contrary with the direction of rotation of the second screen mesh type impeller.
Solar thermal collector as above is multiple, and solar thermal collector is located at framework including box-like framework and lid On double-layer heat insulation transparent glass, framework by framework support support on the ground, framework both sides offer respectively air circulation Mouthful, several V-type collecting plates, each sun are placed with successively along side air stream port to opposite side air stream port in framework Can be connected by air stream port between heat collector, the solar thermal collector of most end is connected by warm-air pipe with suction fan.
First screen mesh type impeller as above is set in the first rotary shaft, and it is flat that first rotary shaft one end is arranged with first Belt wheel, the first rotary shaft other end is arranged on dryness storehouse by bearing block;Second screen mesh type impeller is set in the second rotary shaft On, second rotary shaft one end is arranged with the second flat tyre wheel, and the second rotary shaft other end is arranged with a V belt wheels, the first flat tyre wheel It is connected by flat rubber belting between the second flat tyre wheel, a V belt wheels are connected by belt with the 2nd V belt wheels, the 2nd V belt wheels are set in On the line shaft of motor.
The utility model compared with prior art, with advantages below:
(1)Simple structure, easily manufactured, operation facility, is useful in rural area popularization, it is adaptable to the rapeseed cultivation of small-scale Family uses;
(2)Mode is tedded relative to traditional, floor space can be reduced using this drying machine;
(3)Tradition teds stone, gravel, the dust that mode is inevitably sandwiched in place, causes the pollution of rapeseed, Can realize cleaning drying using this drying machine;
(4)Under conditions of without the sun, rapeseed circular flow in drying machine can be allowed, arranged by blower ventilation cooling It is wet, prevent rapeseed rotten because high humidity goes rotten.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model general structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is solar thermal collector cross-sectional schematic;
Fig. 3 is dryness storehouse cross-sectional schematic;
Fig. 4 is the first screen mesh type impeller and the second screen mesh type impeller operating diagram.
In figure:1- solar thermal collectors;101- frameworks;102- framework supports;2- air stream ports;3- double-layer heat insulation printing opacities Glass;4-V type collecting plates;5- warm-air pipes;6- suction fans;7- dryness storehouses;The V belt wheels of 8- the;9- bearing block support beams; 10- dryness storehouse air outlets;11- bearing blocks;12- dryness storehouse charging apertures;13- motors;The V belt wheels of 14- the 2nd;15- dryness storehouses Air inlet;16- screen mesh types slope;17- fixed cross beams;The flat tyre wheels of 1801- first;The flat tyre wheels of 1802- second;19- flat rubber beltings;20- Storage bin;21- storing bin discharge port externals;22- storage bin discharge ports;23- bucket elevator discharge nozzles;24- bucket elevators;25- First screen mesh type impeller;26- the second screen mesh type impellers;The rotary shafts of 2701- first;The rotary shafts of 2702- second.
Specific embodiment
Below by embodiment and combine accompanying drawing the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, a kind of small-sized solar hot blast rapeseed circulation dryer, including solar thermal collector 1, too Positive energy heat collector 1 is connected by suction fan 6 with the bottom of dryness storehouse 7, and in dryness storehouse 7 the first screen mesh type is provided with from top to bottom Impeller 25, the second screen mesh type impeller 26 and screen mesh type slope 16, the top of dryness storehouse 7 is provided with dryness storehouse charging aperture 12 and dryness storehouse Air outlet 10, dryness storehouse charging aperture 12 is connected by bucket elevator discharge nozzle 23 with bucket elevator 24, screen mesh type slope 16 Base offset with the inwall of dryness storehouse 7, on dryness storehouse 7 be located at the base of screen mesh type slope 16 above side wall offer dryness storehouse Discharging opening, is dried bin discharge port external and is connected with storage bin 20, and storage bin 20 is provided with storing bin discharge port external 21 and storage bin discharge port 22, storing bin discharge port external 21 is connected by bucket elevator feed pipe with bucket elevator 24, the first screen mesh type impeller 25 and The direction of rotation of two screen mesh type impellers 26 is contrary.
Solar thermal collector 1 as above is multiple, and solar thermal collector 1 sets including box-like framework 101 and lid Double-layer heat insulation transparent glass 3 in framework 101, framework 101 is supported on the ground by framework support 102, the both sides of framework 101 Offer respectively and be placed with successively to opposite side air stream port 2 along side air stream port 2 in air stream port 2, framework 101 Several V-type collecting plates 4, are connected, the solar energy heating of most end between each solar thermal collector 1 by air stream port 2 Device 1 is connected by warm-air pipe 5 with suction fan 6.
First screen mesh type impeller 25 as above is set in the first rotary shaft 2701, the one end of the first rotary shaft 2701 set The first flat tyre wheel 1801 is provided with, the other end of the first rotary shaft 2701 is arranged on dryness storehouse 7 by bearing block 11;Second screen mesh type Impeller 26 is set in the second rotary shaft 2702, and the one end of the second rotary shaft 2702 is arranged with the second flat tyre wheel 1802, the second rotation The other end of axle 2702 is arranged with a V belt wheels 8, is connected by flat rubber belting 19 between the first flat tyre wheel 1801 and the second flat tyre wheel 1802 Connect, a V belt wheels 8 are connected by belt with the 2nd V belt wheels 14, and the 2nd V belt wheels 14 are set on the line shaft of motor 13.
Used as a kind of preferred version, air stream port 2 is in staggered distribution in the framework both sides of solar thermal collector 1, V-type thermal-arrest The back of plate 4 is pasted with insulation material.
As shown in figure 3, the top of dryness storehouse 7 is provided with dryness storehouse charging aperture 12 and dryness storehouse air outlet 10, the inside of dryness storehouse 7 bag The first contrary screen mesh type impeller 25 of a pair of steerings and the second screen mesh type impeller 26 are included, the bottom of dryness storehouse 7 is provided with screen mesh type slope 16, base and the inwall of dryness storehouse 7 on screen mesh type slope 16 offset, and are located on dryness storehouse 7 and the base of screen mesh type slope 16 top Side wall offer and be dried bin discharge port external, be dried bin discharge port external and be connected with storage bin 20, so that rapeseed flows into storage bin 20, do Side wall on dry storehouse 7 positioned at the side of screen mesh type slope 16 offers dryness storehouse air inlet 15, and motor 13 passes through the 2nd V belt wheels 14 and the transmission power of a V belt wheels 8 give the second screen mesh type impeller 26, the second screen mesh type impeller 26 is logical with the first screen mesh type impeller 25 The twist belt drive for crossing flat rubber belting 19 realizes the contrary of steering.
The bottom of storage bin 20 is ramp shaped, slope bottom just to be provided with dryness storehouse discharge port 22, the side of storage bin 20 Bottom is provided with storing bin discharge port external 21, the input that storing bin discharge port external 21 passes through bucket elevator feed pipe and bucket elevator 24 Portion is connected.The output section of bucket elevator 24 is connected by bucket elevator discharge nozzle 23 with charging aperture 12.
Bucket elevator 24 can as needed commercially gained.
It is sequentially connected using three solar thermal collectors 1 in the present embodiment, outside air passes through first solar energy heating The air stream port 2 of device 1 is heated into first solar thermal collector 1, when the air stream of the 3rd solar thermal collector end The temperature of port 2 reaches the temperature of setting(Can be measured by sensor), open suction fan 6, motor 13, bucket type and carry Machine 24 is risen, starts dried material.Hot blast is sent into the dryness storehouse air intake of dryness storehouse 7 by hot-air by warm-air pipe 5 by suction fan 6 Mouth 15, brushes upwards through screen mesh type slope 16, and rapeseed is transported to dryness storehouse 7 and pushes up from storage bin 20 via bucket elevator 24 The dryness storehouse charging aperture 12 in portion, falls from the top down, and motor 13 is passed power by the 2nd V belt wheels 14 and a V belt wheels 8 Pass the second screen mesh type impeller 26, the twist belt drive phase that the second screen mesh type impeller 26 passes through flat rubber belting 19 with the first screen mesh type impeller 25 Connection, is fully contacted in the presence of the first screen mesh type impeller 25 and the second screen mesh type impeller 26 with hot blast, reaches drying effect, Hot blast flows into air from the dryness storehouse air outlet 10 of dryness storehouse 7, and the rapeseed of whereabouts is flowed in the presence of screen mesh type slope 16 Storage bin 20, transports via bucket elevator 24 and is again introduced into dryness storehouse 7, realizes the cyclic drying of material.
Bucket elevator 24 is fixed on the firm banking being connected with dryness storehouse 7, is passed through at the middle part of bucket elevator 24 The connection of fixed cross beam 17 and dryness storehouse 7, to ensure safety.
Specific embodiment described herein is only explanation for example to the utility model spirit.The utility model institute Category those skilled in the art can make various modifications to described specific embodiment or supplement or using similar Mode substitute, but without departing from spirit of the present utility model or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of small-sized solar hot blast rapeseed circulation dryer, including solar thermal collector(1), it is characterised in that the sun Can heat collector(1)By suction fan(6)With dryness storehouse(7)Bottom connection, dryness storehouse(7)First is inside provided with from top to bottom Screen mesh type impeller(25), the second screen mesh type impeller(26)With screen mesh type slope(16), dryness storehouse(7)Top is provided with dryness storehouse and enters Material mouth(12)With dryness storehouse air outlet(10), dryness storehouse charging aperture(12)By bucket elevator discharge nozzle(23)With bucket lifting Machine(24)Connection, screen mesh type slope(16)Base and dryness storehouse(7)Inwall offset, dryness storehouse(7)It is upper oblique positioned at screen mesh type Slope(16)Side wall above base is offered and is dried bin discharge port external, is dried bin discharge port external and storage bin(20)It is connected, storage bin (20)It is provided with storing bin discharge port external(21)With storage bin discharge port(22), storing bin discharge port external(21)Entered by bucket elevator Expects pipe and bucket elevator(24)Connection, the first screen mesh type impeller(25)With the second screen mesh type impeller(26)Direction of rotation phase Instead.
2. a kind of small-sized solar hot blast rapeseed circulation dryer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Solar thermal collector(1)For multiple, solar thermal collector(1)Including box-like framework(101)And lid is located at framework(101)On Double-layer heat insulation transparent glass(3), framework(101)By framework support(102)Support on the ground, framework(101)Both sides point Air stream port is not offered(2), framework(101)It is interior along side air stream port(2)To opposite side air stream port(2)Successively It is placed with several V-type collecting plates(4), each solar thermal collector(1)Between pass through air stream port(2)Connection, most end Solar thermal collector(1)By warm-air pipe(5)With suction fan(6)Connection.
3. a kind of small-sized solar hot blast rapeseed circulation dryer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described First screen mesh type impeller(25)It is set in the first rotary shaft(2701)On, the first rotary shaft(2701)One end is arranged with the first flat rubber belting Wheel(1801), the first rotary shaft(2701)The other end passes through bearing block(11)It is arranged on dryness storehouse(7)On;Second screen mesh type impeller (26)It is set in the second rotary shaft(2702)On, the second rotary shaft(2702)One end is arranged with the second flat tyre wheel(1802), second Rotary shaft(2702)The other end is arranged with a V belt wheels(8), the first flat tyre wheel(1801)With the second flat tyre wheel(1802)Between lead to Cross flat rubber belting(19)Connection, a V belt wheels(8)By belt and the 2nd V belt wheels(14)Connection, the 2nd V belt wheels(14)It is set in drive Dynamic motor(13)Line shaft on.
CN201621190059.2U 2016-10-31 2016-10-31 Small -size solar thermal energy wind rape seed circulation desiccator Expired - Fee Related CN206160674U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621190059.2U CN206160674U (en) 2016-10-31 2016-10-31 Small -size solar thermal energy wind rape seed circulation desiccator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621190059.2U CN206160674U (en) 2016-10-31 2016-10-31 Small -size solar thermal energy wind rape seed circulation desiccator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206160674U true CN206160674U (en) 2017-05-10

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112985025A (en) * 2021-02-27 2021-06-18 彭莲莲 Drying-machine of weaving usefulness

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112985025A (en) * 2021-02-27 2021-06-18 彭莲莲 Drying-machine of weaving usefulness

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170510

Termination date: 20191031