CN206083391U - Container type job site building rubbish automatic classification recovery system - Google Patents

Container type job site building rubbish automatic classification recovery system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206083391U
CN206083391U CN201621005421.4U CN201621005421U CN206083391U CN 206083391 U CN206083391 U CN 206083391U CN 201621005421 U CN201621005421 U CN 201621005421U CN 206083391 U CN206083391 U CN 206083391U
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China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
container
conveyer belt
reclaiming
winnower
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CN201621005421.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李小勇
刘颖
宗玉莲
齐江银
石东浪
王蓉
杨晓东
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Scegc No5 Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
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Scegc No5 Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621005421.4U priority Critical patent/CN206083391U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The utility model provides a container type job site building rubbish automatic classification recovery system, including deironing subassembly, selection by winnowing subassembly and crushing assembly, wherein, the deironing subassembly sets up outside the container, and selection by winnowing subassembly and crushing assembly all set up in the container, and the deironing subassembly includes deironing conveyer belt, rubbish feeding funnel and permanent magnetic drum, the selection by winnowing subassembly includes vibration screening batcher and air separator, the vibration screening batcher passes through the chute and is connected with thin footpath rubbish recovery area, light rubbish recovery area, heavier rubbish recovery area and breaker respectively, the breaker discharge gate is carried outside the container through broken aggregate conveyer belt. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure and reasonable design and use easy and simple to handle, excellent in use effect, can construct rubbish to the job site and carry out automatic classification to it is pollution -free to external world.

Description

The automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste
Technical field
This utility model belongs to building waste utilization technology field, more particularly, to a kind of container type job site The automatic classifying and reclaiming system of building waste.
Background technology
China is in the urbanization high-speed developing period, and 2015, China's building waste yield was accounted for more than 1,500,000,000 tons The building waste produced in the 40% of municipal refuse ratio, wherein work progress accounts for building waste total amount about 45%, this numeral It is especially startling.Wherein building waste carry out the utilization of resources less than 5%, and the utilization rate of European and American developed countries 90% with On.Future architecture rubbish quantity will also be accelerated with urbanization paces and more massive urban construction and cumulative year after year, it is contemplated that The year two thousand twenty or so, China's building waste yield are up to 2,000,000,000 tons of peak value.
Domestic construction trash processing way mainly has 3 kinds:Major part send eliminate-incorporate-land to fill, have for backfill etc., part Carry out recycling.In the building waste of landfill, the overwhelming majority is without technical finesse.Under simple land-fill method, implementation is " rubbish removal of home ", shipment and delivery cost are high, drop and fly upward dirt with ash and had a strong impact on city appearance environment during clearing.Additionally, a side The increasing soil in face is occupied;On the other hand, high molecular polymer in building waste, toxic heavy metal element can be to soil Earth and subsoil water bring pollution.Building waste total amount is only increased, and landfill yard capacity is less and less, and this processing mode can not Continue.
Building waste mainly includes two classes, a class:The building waste that building demolition is produced.Two classes:What job site produced Building waste.Wherein secondary-class structure rubbish includes:Concrete block, mortar, brick, timber, iron refuse, paper, plastics etc..It is wherein big Part building waste can carry out recycling after processing and classifying.
On January 29th, 2015, the issue in Beijing of Chinese architecture Waste industry resource strategic alliances《Chinese architecture waste resources Industrialization (2014 is annual) development report》(call in the following text《Report》),《Report》Point out, China have it is complete for building demolition produce The large-scale centralized process assembly system of building waste, the group of the building waste recycling on the spot that job site is not produced Part.
The domestic construction refuse resource of research at present is processed in terms of concentrating on substantially the building waste process that dismounting is produced, its In based on colleges and universities, scientific research institutions and part enviromental protection enterprise.The construction refuse resource that research work progress is produced processes main Based on large scaled architecture enterprise, but automatization level is low, especially in terms of refuse classification still based on manual sort, labor intensity Greatly, occupational health hazards are big, costly.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, there is provided a kind of packaging The automatic classifying and reclaiming system of box construction site construction waste, its simple structure, it is reasonable in design and using it is easy to operate, using effect It is really good, construction site construction waste can be classified automatically, and it is pollution-free to external world.
To solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:A kind of container type job site is built The automatic classifying and reclaiming system of building refuse, it is characterised in that the system includes except iron component, selecting crude drugs with winnower component and disruption elements, wherein, In addition to iron component is arranged at container, selecting crude drugs with winnower component and disruption elements are may be contained within container, and the top of the container is opened It is provided with charging aperture;
It is described except iron component include presenting inclined setting except ferrum conveyer belt, be arranged on the rubbish except ferrum conveyer belt lower end Hopper and it is arranged at except the permanent magnetic pulley of ferrum conveyer belt upper end, the selecting crude drugs with winnower component includes being arranged in container, positioned at charging Mouthful lower section and for separating the vibrosieve batcher of thin footpath rubbish, and be arranged in container and for by vibrosieve to In material machine 6 it is separated go out thin footpath rubbish building waste selecting crude drugs with winnower be light refuse, the selecting crude drugs with winnower of three class of heavier rubbish and weight rubbish Machine, the vibration winnowing batcher by chute respectively with thin footpath garbage reclamation area, light refuse recovery area, heavier garbage reclamation Area and the disintegrating machine connection for reclaiming and crushing weight rubbish, the discharging opening of the disintegrating machine are defeated by broken aggregate conveyer belt Deliver to outside container;The thin footpath rubbish refers to rubbish of the particle diameter less than 3mm, and the light refuse is papery rubbish or plastics rubbish Rubbish, the heavier rubbish are wooden rubbish, and the heavy rubbish is concrete block, fragment of brick, tile or mortar block.
The above-mentioned automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste, it is characterised in that the container It is outer and iron refuse recovery area is provided with below permanent magnetic pulley.
The above-mentioned automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste, it is characterised in that the container Outward and broken aggregate recovery area is provided with below broken aggregate conveyer belt.
The above-mentioned automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste, it is characterised in that the container Tub cleaner unit is provided with inside.
This utility model has advantages below compared with prior art:
1st, this utility model can at the construction field (site) by building waste mechanized classification on the spot.
2nd, this utility model pollutes little to external world, the noise and airborne dust during energy effectively solving existing building refuse classification Pollution problem.
3rd, this utility model simple structure and reasonable in design, miniaturized structure.
4th, this utility model is good using easy to operate, using effect, and construction site construction waste can be classified automatically, And it is pollution-free to external world.
5th, this utility model practical value is high, can be by building waste at the construction field (site) by except iron component, selecting crude drugs with winnower component And disruption elements, realize that the automatic classification of building waste is reclaimed.Component system adopts combined modularization mentality of designing, by selecting crude drugs with winnower It is incorporated in a container with broken whole, whole component system is flexible for installation, small volume, mobile turnover is convenient.
In a word, this utility model simple structure, reasonable in design and good using easy to operate, using effect, can be existing to construction Field building waste is classified automatically, and pollution-free to external world.
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples this utility model is described in further detail.
Description of the drawings
Structural representations of the Fig. 1 for the automatic classifying and reclaiming system of this utility model container type construction site construction waste.
Fig. 2 carries out the detached schematic diagram of magnetic-adsorption for this utility model permanent magnetic pulley to iron refuse.
Description of reference numerals:
1-1-remove ferrum conveyer belt;1-2-feeding garbage bucket;1-3-permanent magnetic pulley;
2-container;3-winnower;4-charging aperture;
5-tub cleaner unit;6-vibrosieve batcher;7-thin footpath garbage reclamation area;
8-light refuse recovery area;9-heavier garbage reclamation area;10-disintegrating machine;
11-broken aggregate conveyer belt;12-broken aggregate recovery area;13-iron refuse recovery area.
Specific embodiment
The automatic classifying and reclaiming system of a kind of container type construction site construction waste as shown in Figure 1, including except iron component, Selecting crude drugs with winnower component and disruption elements, wherein, in addition to iron component is arranged at container 2, selecting crude drugs with winnower component and disruption elements may be contained within collection In vanning 2, the top of the container 2 offers charging aperture 4;
It is described except iron component include presenting inclined setting except ferrum conveyer belt 1-1, be arranged at except ferrum conveyer belt 1-1 lower ends Feeding garbage bucket 1-2 and it is arranged at except the permanent magnetic pulley 1-3 of ferrum conveyer belt 1-1 upper ends, the selecting crude drugs with winnower component includes being arranged at collection Vibrosieve batcher 6 in vanning 2, below charging aperture 4 and for separating thin footpath rubbish, and it is arranged at container 2 It is interior and for by vibrosieve batcher 6 it is separated go out thin footpath rubbish building waste selecting crude drugs with winnower be light refuse, heavier rubbish The winnower 3 of three class of rubbish and weight rubbish, the vibration winnowing batcher 6 by chute respectively with thin footpath garbage reclamation area 7, lightweight Garbage reclamation area 8, heavier garbage reclamation area 9 and the disintegrating machine 10 for reclaiming and crushing weight rubbish connect, the disintegrating machine 10 discharging opening is delivered to outside container 2 by broken aggregate conveyer belt 11.
The present invention is by except the combination of iron component, selecting crude drugs with winnower component and disruption elements, realizing the automatic classification of building waste Reclaim.Wherein, system adopts combined modularization mentality of designing, is carried out except ferrum process, then by selecting crude drugs with winnower in advance outside container Being incorporated in a container with broken whole is carried out, and whole component system is flexible for installation, small volume, and mobile turnover is convenient.
As shown in figure 1, the container 2 is outer and below permanent magnetic pulley 1-3 is provided with iron refuse recovery area 13.
As iron refuse can change its original path, therefore irony rubbish under the magnetic-adsorption effect of permanent magnetic pulley 1-3 Rubbish recovery area 13 is located at the lower left of permanent magnetic pulley 1-3, in order to collect iron refuse.Permanent magnetic pulley carries out magnetic to iron refuse The principle of power adsorbing separation is as shown in Fig. 2 represent iron refuse using the rectangle of grid filling in Fig. 2, packless circle is represented Non iron rubbish.As seen from Figure 2, iron refuse changes original path under the magnetic-adsorption effect of permanent magnetic pulley 1-3, Drop down onto in the iron refuse recovery area 13 outside container 2, it is achieved thereby that iron refuse is separated with non iron rubbish.
The thin footpath rubbish refers to rubbish of the particle diameter less than 3mm, and the light refuse is papery rubbish or plastic garbage, institute It is wooden rubbish to state heavier rubbish, and the heavy rubbish is concrete block, fragment of brick, tile or mortar block.
As shown in figure 1, the container 2 is outer and the lower section of broken aggregate conveyer belt 11 is provided with broken aggregate recovery Area 12.
After concrete block, fragment of brick, tile or mortar block broken, broken aggregate is obtained, these aggregates are transported to packaging Broken aggregate recovery area 12 outside case 2, directly can be reused.
As shown in figure 1, being provided with tub cleaner unit 5 in the container 2, the setting of cleaner unit can effectively remove building Airborne dust in rubbish.
In specific implementation process, the thick mineral wool noise reductions of 100 ㎜ can be filled in 2 peripheral protective of totally-enclosed container, it is ensured that building Realize the environmental objective " without dust, low noise " in refuse disposal scene.
With reference to Fig. 1, this utility model is comprised the following steps using the method that said system reclaims construction site construction waste:
Step one, the building waste of job site is transported to feeding garbage bucket 1-2, Jing is delivered to forever except ferrum conveyer belt 1-1 At magnet drum 1-3, magnetic-adsorption is carried out to the iron refuse in building waste using permanent magnetic pulley 1-3, so as to realize irony rubbish Separation of the rubbish from building waste;
Step 2, will in step one except ferrum process after building waste sent in container 2, using vibration by charging aperture 4 Screening feeding machine 6 is screened to thin footpath rubbish, and the thin footpath rubbish Jing chutes for filtering out are fallen in thin footpath garbage reclamation area 7, its Remaining building waste elects light refuse, heavier rubbish and weight rubbish, wherein light refuse as in the wind-force effect leeward of winnower 3 Jing chutes are fallen in light refuse recovery area 8, and heavier rubbish Jing chutes are fallen in heavier garbage reclamation area 9, weight rubbish Jing chutes Fall in disintegrating machine 10 and crush, obtain broken aggregate, the broken aggregate Jing crushes aggregate conveyer belt 11 and is delivered to container 2 Outward, the classification for finally realizing building waste is reclaimed.
A whole set of recovery system designed by this utility model is energy-efficient, environmental protection, small-size light-weight, be easy to turnover.
The above, is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not this utility model is imposed any restrictions.Every Any simple modification, change and the equivalence changes factually substantially made to above example with new technique, still fall within this In the protection domain of utility model technical scheme.

Claims (4)

1. the automatic classifying and reclaiming system of a kind of container type construction site construction waste, it is characterised in that include except iron component, wind Component and disruption elements are selected, wherein, in addition to iron component is arranged at container (2), selecting crude drugs with winnower component and disruption elements may be contained within collection In vanning (2), the top of the container (2) offers charging aperture (4);
It is described except iron component include presenting inclined setting except ferrum conveyer belt (1-1), be arranged at except ferrum conveyer belt (1-1) lower end Feeding garbage bucket (1-2) and the permanent magnetic pulley (1-3) except ferrum conveyer belt (1-1) upper end is arranged at, the selecting crude drugs with winnower component includes setting It is placed in container (2), below charging aperture (4) and the vibrosieve batcher (6) for separating thin footpath rubbish, Yi Jishe Be placed in container (2) and for by vibrosieve batcher (6) it is separated go out thin footpath rubbish building waste selecting crude drugs with winnower be The winnower (3) of light refuse, three class of heavier rubbish and weight rubbish, the vibration winnowing batcher (6) by chute respectively with Thin footpath garbage reclamation area (7), light refuse recovery area (8), heavier garbage reclamation area (9) and for reclaiming and broken weight rubbish Disintegrating machine (10) connection, the discharging opening of the disintegrating machine (10) is delivered to container (2) by broken aggregate conveyer belt (11) Outward;The thin footpath rubbish refers to rubbish of the particle diameter less than 3mm, and the light refuse is papery rubbish or plastic garbage, it is described compared with Weight rubbish is wooden rubbish, and the heavy rubbish is concrete block, fragment of brick, tile or mortar block.
2. the automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste according to claim 1, it is characterised in that The container (2) is provided with iron refuse recovery area (13) outward and below permanent magnetic pulley (1-3).
3. the automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste according to claim 1, it is characterised in that The container (2) is provided with broken aggregate recovery area (12) outward and below broken aggregate conveyer belt (11).
4. the automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Tub cleaner unit (5) is provided with the container (2).
CN201621005421.4U 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Container type job site building rubbish automatic classification recovery system Active CN206083391U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621005421.4U CN206083391U (en) 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Container type job site building rubbish automatic classification recovery system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621005421.4U CN206083391U (en) 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Container type job site building rubbish automatic classification recovery system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106180154A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 陕西建工第五建设集团有限公司 The automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste and recovery method
CN107344166A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-11-14 滨州盛华实业集团有限公司 A kind of construction refuse resource utilizes Soil separation device
CN108263775A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-07-10 冯云鹏 A kind of architectural engineering waste material classification retracting device
CN108704850A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-10-26 合肥亿福自动化科技有限公司 A kind of automatic garbage sorting mechanism

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106180154A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 陕西建工第五建设集团有限公司 The automatic classifying and reclaiming system of container type construction site construction waste and recovery method
CN107344166A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-11-14 滨州盛华实业集团有限公司 A kind of construction refuse resource utilizes Soil separation device
CN108263775A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-07-10 冯云鹏 A kind of architectural engineering waste material classification retracting device
CN108704850A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-10-26 合肥亿福自动化科技有限公司 A kind of automatic garbage sorting mechanism

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