CN206053965U - A kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley - Google Patents

A kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206053965U
CN206053965U CN201620923339.3U CN201620923339U CN206053965U CN 206053965 U CN206053965 U CN 206053965U CN 201620923339 U CN201620923339 U CN 201620923339U CN 206053965 U CN206053965 U CN 206053965U
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China
Prior art keywords
oil cylinder
mould bases
hinged
truss
die set
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201620923339.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘国强
刘荣
王俊涛
周宝春
王建伟
季军
王永生
杨新民
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Deyang Triumph Machinery Co Ltd
Seventh Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 19th Bureau Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Deyang Triumph Machinery Co Ltd
Seventh Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 19th Bureau Group Co Ltd
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Application filed by Deyang Triumph Machinery Co Ltd, Seventh Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 19th Bureau Group Co Ltd filed Critical Deyang Triumph Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201620923339.3U priority Critical patent/CN206053965U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206053965U publication Critical patent/CN206053965U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

This utility model provides a kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley,Including truss and the running gear below truss,Wherein,Also include side wall die set device、Cable die set device and ditch die set device,Side wall die set device includes side wall mould bases、First oil cylinder and the second oil cylinder,The two ends of the first oil cylinder are hinged with side wall mould bases and truss respectively,The two ends of the second oil cylinder are hinged with side wall mould bases and truss respectively,Cable die set device includes cable mould bases and the 3rd oil cylinder,The two ends of the 3rd oil cylinder are hinged with cable mould bases and truss respectively,Ditch die set device includes the 4th oil cylinder、Two wedge shape mould bases being oppositely arranged and adjustment unit,Adjustment unit includes carrier bar、Adjusting handle and two screw rods being oppositely arranged,The two ends of the 4th oil cylinder are hinged respectively at truss and carrier bar,Adjusting handle is arranged on carrier bar,Each screw rod is connected between adjusting handle and a wedge shape mould bases.The construction trolley has the advantages that construction quality is high and demoulding time is short.

Description

A kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley
Technical field
This utility model is related to technical field of tunnel construction, specifically, is to be related to a kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction Chassis.
Background technology
The ditch cable trench in tunnel is belonging to the appurtenant work of constructing tunnel, usually last one work of constructing tunnel Sequence, can only could organize in the middle and late stage of constructing tunnel and be constructed, so generally existing is great in constructing amount, the construction period is nervous etc. Problem.Meanwhile, more than the linear difference of ditch cable trench concrete construction long-term existence, construction joint and the problems such as construction joint is difficult, and And as ditch cable trench is located at the both sides in tunnel, its presentation quality can also directly influence the overall standardization of constructing tunnel Image, so be belonging to one of the emphasis appurtenant work in constructing tunnel later stage, also so that the requirement pole constructed to which of general contractor It is high.
At present, traditional tunnel ditch cable trough construction mainly carries out assembly using knockdown little steel form, takes Build the groove position of exhalent canal cable trough.And this form of construction work is caused in construction, it is each pour section be required for carrying out manual demolition, The step of transhipment, installation, debugging and calibration template, need to put into substantial amounts of labour force.Meanwhile, this form of construction work causes construction Extremely inefficient and between steel form and steel form reinforcing pole is not firm, is susceptible to run the situation of mould.Additionally, using assembly Mode is combined to steel form easily causes the groove bit line of ditch cable trench poor, is difficult concreting outward appearance out Control, and the time of the demoulding at least need 14 hours, or even longer time, so cause total operation for up to 30 to 40 hours.
And in recent years, it is no lack of the all-in-one-piece chassis occurred for being constructed to ditch cable trench, as which has Running gear enables the chassis in construction to move freely, and template is carried out installing, transports, tears open using hydraulic system Except, debugging and template correction etc., it is to avoid artificial operating efficiency is low and precision low problem so that the engineering time is greatly reduced, And integral construction efficiency and operability will be better than the form of construction work of traditional knockdown little steel form.But, due to Ditch cable trench template belongs to non-bearing plate, and adopts integrally closed U-shaped formwork structure, causes which to lift U vertically upward The stripping means of pattern plate have to overcome due to air-tightness and caused atmospheric pressure.When concrete not solidification or strong completely When spending inadequate, the U-shaped plate of lifting carries out the demoulding can cause ditch cable trench xoncrete structure large area damaged, cause existing ditch Cable trough construction trolley is affected by concrete strength factor on form removal activity time, demoulding time at least as need 14 it is little When.Although the time that existing ditch cable trench construction trolley carries out ditch cable trench construction is shortened dramatically than traditional construction, But the engineering time needed for totality is still longer.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, main purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of construction quality height and demoulding time is short Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley.
In order to realize above-mentioned main purpose, this utility model provides a kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley, including Truss and running gear, running gear are arranged on below truss, wherein, tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley also includes side wall mould Rack device, cable die set device and ditch die set device, side wall die set device include that side wall mould bases, the first oil cylinder and second are oily Cylinder, first end and the side wall mould bases of the first oil cylinder are hinged, and the second end and the truss of the first oil cylinder are hinged, the first end of the second oil cylinder It is hinged with side wall mould bases, the second end and the truss of the second oil cylinder are hinged, cable die set device includes cable mould bases and the 3rd oil cylinder, The first end of the 3rd oil cylinder is hinged with cable mould bases, and the second end of the 3rd oil cylinder is connected with truss, and ditch die set device includes Four oil cylinders, two wedge shape mould bases being oppositely arranged and adjustment unit, the first end of the 4th oil cylinder are connected with truss, adjustment unit bag Carrier bar, adjusting handle and two screw rods being oppositely arranged are included, adjusting handle is arranged on carrier bar, carrier bar and the 4th oil cylinder The connection of the second end, each screw rod is connected between adjusting handle and a wedge shape mould bases.
Therefore, by running gear so that tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley has good locomotivity, keep away Exempting from each section that pours needs manpower to be transported through to construction trolley and move;First oil cylinder of side wall die set device, the second oil cylinder A door type structure, i.e. four-bar linkage are formed and side wall mould bases and truss between so that later stage side wall mould bases is being taken off During mould, the suction between side wall mould bases and concrete is less than the rectilinear or horizontal demoulding of existing side wall mould bases, it is to avoid de- During mould, offside wall is damaged;Cable mould bases and wedge shape mould bases are realized installing or the demoulding by oil cylinder, wherein, ditch mould bases dress The spacing for putting the wedge shape mould bases being oppositely arranged to two by adjustment unit is adjusted so that two wedge shape mould bases are along screw rod Axially move toward each other or opposite to each other so that ditch die set device is when the demoulding is carried out, convenient, quick, while effectively Improve construction quality and speed of application.Compared with prior art, effectively avoid the ditch mould bases of prior art in the demoulding Forced stripper mechanism can only be carried out by oil cylinder, prevent from causing as the suction between ditch mould bases and concrete is excessive in the demoulding Bursting apart and damaged occurs in water groove.
Further scheme is that ditch die set device also includes the 5th oil cylinder and spacing beam, and the cylinder body of the 5th oil cylinder is installed On carrier bar, the piston rod of the 5th oil cylinder is fixedly connected with spacing beam.
Therefore, spacing beam is controlled by the 5th oil cylinder and is moved along the axial direction of screw rod, and pass through spacing beam to two The individual wedge shape module being oppositely arranged carries out spacing and positioning, prevents when concreting is carried out, due to the phase between concrete Mutually extruding causes the relative position of two wedge shape mould bases to shift, and then causes the water groove after construction serious mistake occur Difference.
Further scheme is that side wall die set device also includes fixing device, first end and the side wall mould of fixing device Frame is hinged, and the second end of fixing device is sustainable on the ground.
Therefore, later stage side wall mould bases of constructing for convenience is conveniently stripped so that the first oil cylinder of side wall die set device, A door type structure is formed between second oil cylinder and side wall mould bases and truss, although and this structure it is convenient when the demoulding is carried out, Quick and quality of mold release is high, but poor in the anti-pressure ability of the concreting stage structure, by arranging fixing device, makes Obtaining fixing device can increase the anti-pressure ability of side wall mould bases, prevent concrete from leaking.
Further scheme is that ditch die set device also includes clamping screw and locking nut, clamping screw and locking Nut is connected between two wedge shape mould bases.
Therefore, two wedge shape mould bases are relatively fixed by clamping screw and locking nut, it is to avoid concrete In casting process, as the pressure produced between concrete is extruded to two wedge shape mould bases, cause two wedge shape mould bases Preset pitch is compressed or extended, and causes construction error.
Further scheme is that ditch die set device also includes the first sliding sleeve part and guide post, guide post and carrier bar Connection, the first sliding sleeve part are fixedly connected with truss, and the first sliding sleeve part is socketed on the guide bar.
Therefore, wedge shape mould bases is to drive carrier bar by the 4th oil cylinder and then drive wedge shape mould bases to move, Wedge shape mould bases, carrier bar etc. can be shaken in lifting process unavoidably, by arranging the first sliding sleeve part and guide post so that wedge Shape mould bases, carrier bar etc. ensure vertically to be moved up and down in lifting process, it is to avoid shake.
Further scheme is that running gear includes fulcrum bearing, road wheel, motor and drive chain, drives electricity The motor cabinet of machine is fixedly mounted in fulcrum bearing, and road wheel is arranged on below fulcrum bearing, and fulcrum bearing is connected with truss, motor Road wheel is driven by drive chain.
Therefore, drive chain is driven by motor and then drives road wheel to be rotated, control tunnel ditch Cable trough construction trolley is moved along default track, and then is avoided moving by manpower or needed again to tunnel water Ditch cable construction chassis is dismounted, and improves efficiency of construction, reduction of erection time.
Further scheme is that running gear also includes the 6th oil cylinder, and the cylinder body of the 6th oil cylinder is fixed with fulcrum bearing and connected Connect, the piston rod of the 6th oil cylinder is fixedly connected with truss.
Therefore, make it possible to carry out whole truss the lifting of vertical direction by the 6th oil cylinder, when the 3rd oil cylinder When being not enough to for cable mould bases and wedge shape mould bases to lift enough demoulding height with the stroke of the 4th oil cylinder, by the 6th oil cylinder Control whole truss vertically to be lifted, it is to avoid cable mould bases and wedge shape mould bases cause to damage to the concrete for having solidified It is bad.
Further scheme is that truss includes support bar and pull bar, and the first end of support bar is connected with the main body of truss, The first end of pull bar is hinged with main body, and the second end of pull bar is hinged with the second end of support bar.
Therefore, by arranging support bar and pull bar so that tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley is in ditch cable trench Surface can build a work platformses, convenient construction personnel can carry out some less important works in the constructing tunnel later stage, Reduction of erection time to a certain extent.
Further scheme is that truss also includes the second sliding sleeve part and the 7th oil cylinder, and the second sliding sleeve part is along support bar Axially it is slidably connected with support bar, the first end of the 7th oil cylinder is hinged with main body, the second end of the 7th oil cylinder is slided with second External member is hinged, and the second end of the 3rd oil cylinder is hinged with the second sliding sleeve part, and the first end of the 4th oil cylinder is hinged with the second sliding sleeve part.
Therefore, the second sliding sleeve part is set and is driven by the 7th oil cylinder, it is oily by the second sliding sleeve part and the 7th Cylinder adjusts Vertical tunnel center line and ditch die set device, the projector distance in the horizontal direction of cable die set device, and then adjusts The position of water groove, cable trough so that tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley can adapt to the tunnel of different-diameter width, expands The use range of construction trolley.
Further scheme is, tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley also includes anti-floating system, the first of anti-floating system End is connected with the second sliding sleeve part, and the second end of anti-floating system is separably attached with carrier bar.
Therefore, by arranging anti-floating system so that the energy in concreting process such as carrier bar and wedge shape mould bases The buoyancy that concrete is produced enough is resisted, prevents from causing because floating buoyancy occurs construction to miss due to carrier bar and wedge shape mould bases Difference, improves construction precision.In sum, tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley of the present utility model has construction quality high and de- Mould time short advantage.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the relative position of the truss and running gear of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment Schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 2 at B.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at A.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the cable die set device of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment Figure.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the ditch die set device of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment Figure.
Fig. 7 is under another visual angle of the ditch die set device of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment Structural representation.
Fig. 8 is the A-A sectional views of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the of the ditch die set device of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment One use state figure.
Figure 10 is the ditch die set device of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment Second use state figure.
Figure 11 is the ditch die set device of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment 3rd use state figure.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.
Specific embodiment
Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment:
It is the structural representation of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, Fig. 1, Fig. 2 is the relative position schematic diagram of the truss and running gear of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment. Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 include truss 11, distribution operation system 116, Hynautio-steering 117, running gear 2, Side wall die set device 3, cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5, wherein, running gear 2 is arranged on the lower section of truss 11, Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 realizes movement by running gear 2, and distribution operation system 116 is tunnel ditch cable trough Construction trolley 1 provides electric power, and Hynautio-steering 117 is powered simultaneously for each oil cylinder of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 Coordinate the action between each oil cylinder.
With reference to Fig. 3, Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 2 at B.With reference to Fig. 1, truss 11 includes support bar 111, pull bar 112, slides External member 113 and oil cylinder 114.The first end of support bar 111 is connected with the main body of truss 11, first end and the truss 11 of pull bar 112 Main body be hinged, the second end of pull bar 112 is hinged with the second end of support bar 111, carries out pouring for ditch cable trench in tunnel When, a work platformses can be formed by sheet material is laid between support bar 111, convenient construction personnel can be applied in tunnel The work later stage carries out the complementary operation that some correlations are carried out while ditch cable trench is poured, enabling carry to a certain extent High efficiency of construction, saves the engineering time, the reduction of erection time.
Sliding sleeve part 113 is socketed on support bar 111, and oil cylinder 114 is used to drive sliding sleeve part 113 along the axial direction of support bar 111 Slide, first end and the truss 11 of oil cylinder 114 are hinged, and the second end and the sliding sleeve part 113 of oil cylinder 114 are hinged.
Running gear 2 includes fulcrum bearing 21, road wheel 22, motor 23, drive chain 24 and oil cylinder 25, fulcrum bearing 21 Below truss 11, and it is connected with truss 11 by oil cylinder 25, the cylinder body of oil cylinder 25 is fixedly connected with fulcrum bearing 21, oil cylinder 25 Piston rod be fixedly connected with truss 11.
The motor cabinet of motor 23 is fixedly mounted in fulcrum bearing 21, and road wheel 22 is arranged on below fulcrum bearing 21, and Road wheel 22 can be rotated around the axis of itself, and is connected with the motor shaft of motor 23 by drive chain 24, drive electricity Machine 23 drives road wheel 22 to move along the track 118 for laying in advance by drive chain 24, and then avoids by needs Manpower moves or needs to dismount again tunnel ditch cable construction chassis 1 again, improves the same of efficiency of construction When the reduction of erection time.
With reference to Fig. 4, Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at A.With reference to Fig. 1, side wall die set device 3 includes side wall mould bases 31, oil Cylinder 32, oil cylinder 33 and fixing device 34, wherein, fixing device 34 is jack.The first end of oil cylinder 32 is hinged with truss 11, oil Second end of cylinder 32 is hinged with the end face of side wall mould bases 31, and first end and the truss 11 of oil cylinder 33 are hinged, the second end and side wall mould The end face of frame 31 is hinged.Side wall mould bases 31, oil cylinder 32, oil cylinder 33 and truss 34 form a door type structure, i.e. hinge four-bar machine Structure.
When side wall mould bases 31 carries out the demoulding, shunk by control cylinder 33 so that side wall mould bases 31 is close to bottom surface Side start to depart from the concrete side walls for having solidified, and cause air enter into side wall mould bases 31 and concrete side walls it Between, accelerate the demoulding the suction effectively between reduction side wall mould bases 31 and concrete.When side wall mould bases 31 is taken off completely with concrete From rear, carry out being lifted, reclaim by 32 offside wall mould bases 31 of oil cylinder.The rectilinear demoulding or horizontal with existing side wall mould bases takes off Mould is compared, and, when the demoulding is carried out, the suction between side wall mould bases 31 and concrete is less for the side wall die set device 3 of the present embodiment, The side wall of ditch cable trench is damaged when effectively avoiding the demoulding, it is ensured that quality of mold release and construction quality, it is to avoid the later stage needs Manual repair to be carried out.
The first end of fixing device 34 is hinged with the end face of side wall mould bases 31, and the second end is separably attached with ground.By A door type structure is formed in side wall mould bases 31, oil cylinder 32, oil cylinder 33 and truss 11 so that this structure is more square in the demoulding Just, quick and quality of mold release is high, but, the structure also causes the anti-pressure ability when concreting is carried out poor, easily makes Mutually leak out in the concrete heavy side wall mould bases 31 of extruding.And pass through to arrange fixing device 34, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase side wall mould bases 31 anti-pressure ability, prevents concrete from leakage occurring.Certainly, fixing device 34 can also be oil cylinder.
With reference to Fig. 5, Fig. 5 is the knot of the cable die set device of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment Structure schematic diagram.Cable die set device 4 includes cable mould bases 41, oil cylinder 42, positioning fixture 43, positioning set square 44, adjusting nut 45 and lead angle pipe 46.
Cable mould bases 41 can be by steel form welding fabrication, and the cross section of cable mould bases 41 is trapezoidal, cable mould bases 41 Bottom surface is additionally provided with connecting portion 411, and first end and the connecting portion 411 of oil cylinder 42 are hinged, the second end and the truss 11 of oil cylinder 42 Sliding sleeve part 113 be hinged.
As cable trough and water groove are at a distance of relatively near, in the demoulding as suction can be produced between concrete and mould bases, hold There is breakage in the concrete easily caused between water groove and cable trough.And the cross section of cable mould bases 41 is made in echelon, energy The suction reduced between concrete and cable mould bases 41 of enough appropriateness so that cable mould bases 41 is risen to cable trough when the demoulding is carried out To protective effect, will not the edge of cable trough be caused to damage.
Compared with prior art, the cable mould bases of prior art is using integrally closed and cross section is U-shaped so that Must overcome powerful suction caused by air-tightness, when the insufficient strength or endless of concrete when vertical-lift is carried out to cable mould bases Can cause the large area of ditch cable trench damaged during full solidification, and construction period can extend.
On cable mould bases 41, positioning fixture 43 is provided with a groove 431 to 43 fixed-link of positioning fixture and one logical Hole 432.The connecting portion 462 that lead angle pipe 46 is provided with location division 461 and is connected with location division 461, location division 461 is provided with one Bracer 463, support block 463 are adjoined with the bottom surface of cable mould bases 41, for supporting the location division 461 of lead angle pipe 46.Lead angle pipe 46 connecting portion 462 is passed through through hole 432 and is fixedly connected with positioning fixture 43 by adjusting nut 45, and positioning set square 44 is passed through Groove 431 is adjoined with the location division 461 of lead angle pipe 46, to 46 positioning of lead angle pipe and fixation.
When cable mould bases 41 needs to carry out the demoulding, the fixation to lead angle pipe 46 is unclamped by adjusting nut 45, while will Positioning set square 44 is removed, by mobile lead angle pipe 46 so that the edge of lead angle pipe 46 and cable mould bases 41 is separated with concrete, Allow air to contact in cable trough and with cable mould bases 41, and then cable mould bases 41 is not required in lifting process The atmospheric pressure to be overcome confined space to be formed, reduces the suction between cable trough and cable mould bases 41.When cable trough mould frame 41 When carrying out demoulding lifting, it is not necessary to apply very big pulling force, while the concrete when the demoulding is carried out without waiting for cable trough is complete It is complete to solidify, can effectively avoid the corner angle of cable trough from occurring damaged, additionally it is possible to improve construction quality and save construction period.
Cable die set device 4 also includes guide post 47 and sliding sleeve part 471, and end 47 and the cable mould bases 41 of guide post are fixed Connection, sliding sleeve part 471 is fixedly connected with sliding sleeve part 113 and sliding sleeve part 471 is slidably socketed on guide post 471.
With reference to Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, Fig. 6 is the ditch mould of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment The structural representation of rack device, Fig. 7 are the ditch die set devices of this utility model tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment Another visual angle under structural representation, Fig. 8 is the A-A sectional views of Fig. 7.With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, ditch die set device 5 includes oil Cylinder 51, the wedge shape mould bases 52 being oppositely arranged and wedge shape mould bases 521, adjustment unit 53, oil cylinder 54, spacing beam 541, support shaft 535, Adjustment unit 53 is used to adjust the spacing between wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521.
The first end of oil cylinder 51 is hinged with the sliding sleeve part 113 of truss 11, and hanger is provided with carrier bar 531, oil cylinder 51 Second end is hinged with the hanger of carrier bar 531.The oil cylinder 51 of the oil cylinder 42 and ditch die set device 5 of cable die set device 4 cuts with scissors It is connected on sliding sleeve part 113.Sliding sleeve part 113 is driven along the axial movement of support bar 111 by oil cylinder 114, and then drives cable mould The horizontal radial of rack device 4 and ditch die set device 5 along tunnel is moved, and realizes adjusting cable die set device 4, ditch die set device 5 with Vertical tunnel center line distance in the horizontal direction, and then adjust ditch cable trench position so that tunnel ditch cable trough Construction trolley 1 can adapt to the tunnel of different-diameter width, expand the use range of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1.
Adjustment unit 53 includes carrier bar 531, adjusting handle 532, the screw rod 533 being oppositely arranged and screw rod 534, carrier bar 531 are provided with through hole 536, and support shaft 535 is connected with wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 respectively through through hole 536, support shaft 535, for supporting and guide effect to wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521, prevent adjustment unit to wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge The spacing of shape mould bases 521 is shifted or is inclined when being adjusted.
Adjusting handle 532 is arranged on carrier bar 531, screw rod 533 be connected to wedge shape mould bases 52 and adjusting handle 532 it Between, screw rod 534 is connected between wedge shape mould bases 521 and adjusting handle 532, when adjusting handle 532 is adjusted, screw rod 533 and spiral shell Bar 534 rotates backward and drives wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 to move relative to each other or move each other opposite to each other, adjusting handle 532nd, screw rod 533 and screw rod 534 can constitute compound screw mechanism.
Certainly, adjustment unit 53 can also include driving means, the driving means can make direct current generator, alternating current generator, Servomotor or motor etc., are driven to adjusting handle 532 by driving means.When with multiple adjusting handles When 532, multiple adjusting handles 532 can be controlled simultaneously by driving means and synchronizes motion, effectively reduce regulation process In error so that the water groove for pouring section ensure that the width for entirely pouring section in allowable error, it is ensured that construction essence Degree.
The cylinder body of oil cylinder 54 is fixedly mounted on carrier bar 531, and the piston rod of oil cylinder 54 is fixedly connected with spacing beam 541, Oil cylinder 54 is used to control axial movement of the spacing beam 541 along the piston rod of oil cylinder 54, by controlling spacing beam 541 and wedge shape mould bases Bottom difference in height limiting the spacing of wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521, and play to wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped die The spacing and positioning action of frame 521, while being prevented from when when concreting is carried out, due to mutually squeezing between concrete Pressure causes wedge shape mould bases 52 and the relative position of wedge shape mould bases 521 to shift, and then the water groove after avoiding constructing occurs sternly The error of weight.
Ditch die set device 5 also includes clamping screw 55, locking nut 551, sliding sleeve part 56, guide post 561, chucking lug 57 With lead angle pipe 58.The end of guide post 561 is fixedly connected with carrier bar 531, and the sliding sleeve part 113 of sliding sleeve part 56 and truss 11 is fixed Connection, sliding sleeve part 56 are slidably socketed on guide post 561.
It is usually section construction to be constructed due to the ditch cable trench for carrying out tunnel so that each section of construction length compares It is long, and then it is larger that either side wall mould bases 31, cable mould bases 41 or wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 are respectively provided with Length.And cable mould bases 41 is lifted by oil cylinder 42;Wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 are by 51 band of oil cylinder Dynamic carrier bar 531 further drives wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 to be lifted.But, cable mould bases 41, wedge shape mould bases 52, The quality of wedge shape mould bases 521 and carrier bar 531 is all very big, if only cable mould bases 41 being carried out lifting, being passed through by oil cylinder 42 When oil cylinder 51 is lifted to wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521, when the moment that oil cylinder starts can cause each mould bases to shake And persistently rocked in lifting process, and then cause construction error, or the ditch cable trench completed to having constructed occur Carrying out shock makes ditch cable trench breakage occur, results even in construction risk.And pass through to arrange on cable die set device 4 and lead Sliding sleeve part 56 and guide post 561 are set to bar 47 and sliding sleeve part 471, on ditch die set device 5, ensure that a mould bases is being carried Vertical elevating movement can only be carried out during rising, can effectively avoid mould bases from shaking, while improving construction precision Avoid the construction risk produced as mould bases is rocked.
Clamping screw 55 and locking nut 551 are arranged on the end of two wedge shape mould bases, for wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape Mould bases 521 is relatively fixed, it is to avoid in concreting process, as the pressure produced between concrete is to two wedge shapes When module is extruded so that the spacing between two wedge shape modules changes, and causes construction error.
The first end of chucking lug 57 is fixedly mounted on the top of wedge shape module 521, and the second end of chucking lug 57 is provided with logical Hole, is provided with screwed hole corresponding with the through hole on carrier bar 531, when wedge shape mould bases move and between wedge shape mould bases between When adjusting away from driving in the wrong direction, wedge shape mould bases is carried out positioning, recorded by chucking lug 57, by bolt 59 through on chucking lug 57 Through hole is attached with the screwed hole on carrier bar 531, and chucking lug 57 is fixed, while fixed work is erected to wedge-shaped die With.Also, when tunnel ditch cable trough water conservancy project chassis 1 is when next tunnel construction sections construction to be onstructed is carried out, chucking lug 57 can rise To the effect of labelling so that the water groove in whole tunnel can keep identical width, improve construction precision, it is ensured that construction matter Amount.
Lead angle pipe 58 is fixedly mounted on the top of wedge shape mould bases 52, when needing to carry out the demoulding to wedge shape mould bases, by right Lead angle pipe 58 is adjusted so that the edge of lead angle pipe 58 and wedge shape mould bases 52 is separated with concrete so that air can be entered Contact in cable trough and with wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521, and then wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 were being lifted The atmospheric pressure that confined space need not be overcome in journey to be formed, reduces between water groove and wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 Suction.When wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 carry out the demoulding, solidified without waiting for the concrete of water groove completely, Neng Gouyou The corner angle for avoiding water groove of effect occur damaged.
Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 also includes anti-floating system 115, first end and the sliding sleeve part of anti-floating system 115 113 are fixedly connected, and the second end is separably attached with carrier bar 531.Anti-floating system 115 is jack, and jack has larger Top lifting force so that when the concreting of ditch cable trench is carried out, the piston rod of jack can be moved to carrier bar 531 And carrier bar 531 is propped up, prevent the buoyancy produced in casting process due to concrete from causing in the generation of ditch die set device 5 It is floating;When the demoulding is carried out after concrete setting, it is that the piston rod of jack returns to initial position, enables ditch die set device 5 Carry out the demoulding.By arranging anti-floating system 115, construction error can be avoided the occurrence of, improve construction precision.Certainly, anti-floating system 115 can also be oil cylinder.
In order to ensure the stability of cylinder efficient so that the mistake that the length dimension of the cylinder body and piston rod of oil cylinder can not do It is long, so that the stroke of the oil cylinder 51 of the oil cylinder 42 and ditch die set device 5 of cable die set device 4 can only meet just being lifted To leave pour cable trough, water groove surface so that the oil cylinder 42 and ditch die set device 5 of cable die set device 4 The room for promotion of oil cylinder 51 is not enough, may cause to damage to just pouring the concrete for having solidified.
And oil cylinder 25 is used to control vertically being lifted for whole truss 11, caused when cable mould by oil cylinder 25 The stroke of the oil cylinder 51 of the oil cylinder 42 and ditch die set device 5 of rack device 4 is not enough to cable mould bases 41 and wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge When shape mould bases 521 is promoted to enough demoulding height, oil cylinder 25 can carry out overall lifting to whole truss 11, and then cause electricity Cable mould bases 41 and wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 obtain enough demoulding spaces, are prevented effectively from cable mould bases 41 and wedge-shaped die Frame 52, the concrete of 521 pairs of ditch cable trenchs for having solidified of wedge shape mould bases cause to damage, it is ensured that construction safety and construction matter Amount.
Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment:
The construction method of tunnel ditch cable trough is based on the tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley in upper embodiment, tunnel water The structure of ditch cable trough construction trolley is described in detail in upper embodiment, therefore is not repeated.Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Figure 11, tunnel The construction method of ditch cable trench construction trolley is illustrated, and construction method includes
Construction trolley positioning step:Carry out tunnel ditch on the concrete road surface for having poured in tunnel and having solidified in advance The laying of the track 118 of cable trough construction trolley 1, track 118 are played guiding and are positioned to tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 Effect.Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 is placed on track 118, walking is driven by the motor 24 of running gear 2 Wheel 22 is rotated, and is that tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 is moved to tunnel construction sections to be onstructed, and platform of constructing to tunnel ditch cable trough The center offset distance of the car load of car 1 and elevation are positioned and are adjusted.
Fixing of the forming frame and aligning step:By each oil of the Hynautio-steering 117 to tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 Cylinder is controlled.First, truss is made to sink down into setting position by 117 control cylinder 25 of Hynautio-steering, then side wall mould Side wall mould bases 31 is moved to layout point by the oil cylinder 32 and oil cylinder 33 of rack device 3, and passes through 33 offside wall mould of oil cylinder 32 and oil cylinder Frame 31 is positioned and is corrected, after the completion of side wall mould bases 31 is positioned and is corrected, by Hynautio-steering 117 to oil cylinder 32, Oil cylinder 33 is locked, while by controlling fixing device 34, that is, controlling the piston rod of jack along the axially extended cylinder of piston rod Body, withstands concrete road surface, completes the fixation of offside wall mould bases 31.
Secondly, sliding sleeve part 113 is promoted to move along the axial direction of support bar 111 by 117 control cylinder of Hynautio-steering 114 It is dynamic, and then cause sliding sleeve part 113 to drive cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5 to be axially moveable to the horizontal position of design Put.
Again, by 117 control cylinder 51 of hydraulic control system by wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 and adjustment unit 53 designed elevations for sinking down into water groove, by adjust adjusting handle 532 cause wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 it is opposite that This motion, after the wedge shape mould bases 521 for being provided with chucking lug 57 reaches design attitude, is carried out to chucking lug 57 by bolt 59 solid It is fixed, and wedge shape mould bases 52 is finely adjusted by adjusting adjusting handle 532 so that wedge shape mould bases 52 also reaches design attitude.Connect By 117 control cylinder 54 of hydraulic control system make spacing beam 541 sink down into wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 adjoin Afterwards, adjust clamping screw 56 and clamping screw 561 is fixed to wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521, by hydraulic control System 117 is locked to oil cylinder 51, oil cylinder 54.
Then, cable mould bases 41 is sunk down into 117 control cylinder 42 of Hynautio-steering the designed elevation of cable trough, and is led to Crossing oil cylinder 42 carries out accurate adjustment to cable mould bases 41, and then passing through regulation lead angle pipe 46 makes cable mould bases 41 reach design attitude, together Shi Jiaohe simultaneously adjusts the spacing between cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5, by Hynautio-steering 117 to oil cylinder 42 are locked.
Finally, using the two ends end of steel plate offside wall mould bases 31, cable mould bases 41, wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 Portion carries out closure fixation, meanwhile, cover plate is laid on cable mould bases 41, wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521, be ready for mixing Solidifying soil is poured.It should be noted that the installation correction order between above-mentioned fixing of the forming frame and each die set device of aligning step In no particular order, naturally it is also possible to while carrying out.
Concreting and curing step:Ditch cable trench groove position to having set up and having blocked carries out concrete and pours Build, concrete is vibrated by vibrating spear when pouring, concrete is conserved after the completion of pouring, until concrete table Face has no laitance flow phenomenon after reaching certain solidification when, you can the demoulding, concrete curing time are carried out to each die set device For five to seven hours.
Die carrier demoulding step:Each oil cylinder of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley is carried out by Hynautio-steering 117 Control.First, the two ends end of offside wall mould bases 31, cable mould bases 41, wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 is used to block admittedly Fixed steel plate is removed.
Then, the fixation to lead angle pipe 46 is unclamped by adjusting nut 45, while positioning set square 44 is removed, and it is mobile Lead angle pipe 46 so that the edge of lead angle pipe 46 and cable mould bases 41 is separated with concrete, reduce cable trough and cable mould bases 41 it Between suction.Then pass through 117 control cylinder 42 of Hynautio-steering and cable mould bases 41 is lifted into initial position, make cable mould bases 41 are separated with the cable trough for pouring.
Then, with reference to Fig. 9 to Figure 11, by being adjusted to lead angle pipe 58 so that lead angle pipe 58 and wedge shape mould bases 52 Edge is separated with concrete so that air can be entered in cable trough and be contacted with wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521, and then So that wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 need not overcome the atmospheric pressure that confined space is formed in lifting process, reduce water Suction between groove and wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521.Adjust clamping screw 56 and clamping screw 561 is unclamped to wedge shape The fixation of mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521, then passing through 117 control cylinder 54 of hydraulic control system is promoted to spacing beam 541 Initial position, makes spacing beam 541 separate with wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521.Unclamp bolt 59 to be fixed chucking lug 57 And move relative to each other wedge shape mould bases 52 and wedge shape mould bases 521 by adjusting adjusting handle 532, by hydraulic control system Wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge shape mould bases 521 and adjustment unit 53 are lifted initial position by 117 control cylinders 51, make wedge shape mould bases 52, wedge Shape mould bases 521 is separated with the water groove for pouring.
Then, fixing device 34 is unclamped, that is, the piston rod of jack is controlled along piston rod to being recycled in cylinder body so that Piston rod is separated with concrete road surface, releases the fixation of offside wall mould bases 41.Then pass through the control side wall of Hynautio-steering 117 Side wall mould bases 31 is moved to initial position by the oil cylinder 32 and oil cylinder 33 of die set device 3, makes side wall mould bases 31 and ditch cable trench Side wall separate.
Finally, after control cylinder 25 makes truss 11 be promoted to initial position, control cylinder 114 pulls sliding sleeve part 113 along support The axial movement of bar 111, so cause sliding sleeve part 113 drive cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5 be axially moveable to Initial horizontal level, completes the construction of the ditch cable trench to the tunnel construction sections.
The above-mentioned construction trolley positioning step of repetition, fixing of the forming frame and aligning step, concreting and curing step and mould Frame demoulding step carries out ditch cable trench to next tunnel construction sections to be onstructed and pours, until completing the ditch cable trench in whole tunnel Construction.
From such scheme, the construction method of the tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley compared with prior art, can Manual labor, the demoulding time for shortening each mould bases and construction period are saved farthest, additionally it is possible to ditch when preventing the demoulding Bursting apart occurs in cable trough, damaged, and the tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley and its construction method are respectively provided with that construction precision is high, the demoulding The advantage that time is short and the construction period is short.
Finally it is emphasized that the foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, this reality is not limited to With new, for a person skilled in the art, this utility model can have various change and change, all in this utility model Spirit and principle within, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements done etc. should be included in protection model of the present utility model Within enclosing.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley, including truss and running gear, the running gear are arranged on the purlin Below frame, it is characterised in that:
The tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley also includes
Side wall die set device, the side wall die set device include side wall mould bases, the first oil cylinder and the second oil cylinder, first oil cylinder First end be hinged with the side wall mould bases, the second end and the truss of first oil cylinder are hinged, second oil cylinder First end is hinged with the side wall mould bases, and the second end and the truss of second oil cylinder are hinged;
Cable die set device, the cable die set device include cable mould bases and the 3rd oil cylinder, the first end of the 3rd oil cylinder It is hinged with the cable mould bases, the second end of the 3rd oil cylinder is hinged with the truss;
Ditch die set device, the ditch die set device include the 4th oil cylinder, two wedge shape mould bases being oppositely arranged and adjust single Unit, the first end of the 4th oil cylinder are hinged with the truss;
The adjustment unit includes carrier bar, adjusting handle and two screw rods being oppositely arranged, and the adjusting handle is arranged on institute State on carrier bar, the carrier bar is hinged with the second end of the 4th oil cylinder, each described screw rod is connected to adjusting handle And a wedge shape mould bases between.
2. tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device also includes the 5th oil cylinder and spacing beam, and the cylinder body of the 5th oil cylinder is arranged on the carrier bar On, the piston rod of the 5th oil cylinder is fixedly connected with the spacing beam.
3. tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The side wall die set device also includes fixing device, and the first end of the fixing device is hinged with the side wall mould bases, institute The second end for stating fixing device is sustainable on the ground.
4. tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device also includes clamping screw and locking nut, and the clamping screw is connected to the locking nut Between two wedge shape mould bases.
5. tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device also includes the first sliding sleeve part and guide post, and the guide post is connected with the carrier bar, described First sliding sleeve part is fixedly connected with the truss, and the first sliding sleeve part is socketed on the guide post.
6. tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The running gear includes fulcrum bearing, road wheel, motor and drive chain, and the motor cabinet of the motor is fixed In the fulcrum bearing, the road wheel is arranged on below the fulcrum bearing, and the fulcrum bearing is connected with the truss, institute State motor and the road wheel is driven by the drive chain.
7. tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:
The running gear also includes the 6th oil cylinder, and the cylinder body of the 6th oil cylinder is fixedly connected with the fulcrum bearing, described the The piston rod of six oil cylinders is fixedly connected with the truss.
8. the tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley according to any one of claim 1 to 7, it is characterised in that:
The truss includes support bar and pull bar, and the first end of the support bar is connected with the main body of the truss, the pull bar First end be hinged with the main body, the second end of the pull bar is hinged with the second end of the support bar.
9. tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:
The truss also includes the second sliding sleeve part and the 7th oil cylinder, the second sliding sleeve part along the axial direction of the support bar with it is described Support bar is slidably connected;
The first end of the 7th oil cylinder is hinged with the main body, and the second end of the 7th oil cylinder is cut with scissors with the second sliding sleeve part Connect;
Second end of the 3rd oil cylinder is hinged with the second sliding sleeve part, and the first end of the 4th oil cylinder is slided with described second External member is hinged.
10. tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:
The tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley also includes anti-floating system, and the first end of the anti-floating system is slided with described second External member connects, and the second end of the anti-floating system is separably attached with the carrier bar.
CN201620923339.3U 2016-08-23 2016-08-23 A kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley Withdrawn - After Issue CN206053965U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106089257A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-11-09 中铁十九局集团第七工程有限公司 A kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106089257A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-11-09 中铁十九局集团第七工程有限公司 A kind of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley

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